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Study sets matching "guide biology genetics"

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Study sets matching "guide biology genetics"

Biology Genetics Guide
mitosis
stages of mitosis
genetic engineering
genome
process in which the nucleus divides to form identical nuclei
Interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
biological and chemical methods to change DNA sequence
Chart showing the location of individual genes on a chromosome
mitosis
process in which the nucleus divides to form identical nuclei
stages of mitosis
Interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
55 terms
Biology Genetics Unit Review Guide
mitosis
stages of mitosis
genetic engineering
genome
process in which the nucleus divides to form identical nuclei
Interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
biological and chemical methods to change DNA sequence
Chart showing the location of individual genes on a chromosome
mitosis
process in which the nucleus divides to form identical nuclei
stages of mitosis
Interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
38 terms
Biology Study Guide: Genetics
allele
recessive
gamete
adenine
Form of a gene. Each characteristic has two alleles.
trait that will only appear in the phenotype if organism inhe…
sex cell; sperm or egg
A base thats found in DNA. It will only bond with Thymine.
allele
Form of a gene. Each characteristic has two alleles.
recessive
trait that will only appear in the phenotype if organism inhe…
11 terms
Biology genetics review guide
Pedigree
Incomplete
Mendel
Homozygous
Tool for tracing a trait through a family
Type of dominance that produces a blending of traits
Father of genetics
Having 2 identical traits
Pedigree
Tool for tracing a trait through a family
Incomplete
Type of dominance that produces a blending of traits
21 terms
biology genetics study guide
what is the probability that a coin wi…
what is the probability that a child w…
what is a gamete?
what is a zygote?
50-50 or 50%
50-50 or 50%
sex cell
a fertalized egg
what is the probability that a coin wi…
50-50 or 50%
what is the probability that a child w…
50-50 or 50%
74 terms
Biology Genetics Study Guide
incomplete dominance
example of incomplete dominance
genotype
homozygous
one allele is not completely dominant over another allele
red x white = pink
genetic makeup... TT, Tt, tt
both alleles are the same... TT, tt
incomplete dominance
one allele is not completely dominant over another allele
example of incomplete dominance
red x white = pink
72 terms
Biology Genetics Study Guide
Allele
Hybrid
Pure
Probability
Alternate forms of a gene (A or a, the other forms)
Heterozygous (Capital letter and a lowercase letter- Cc)
Homozygous Dominant (CC) or Homozygous Recessive (cc)
It is the chance that a given event will occur
Allele
Alternate forms of a gene (A or a, the other forms)
Hybrid
Heterozygous (Capital letter and a lowercase letter- Cc)
85 terms
Biology Genetics Study Guide
incomplete dominance
example of incomplete dominance
genotype
homozygous
one allele is not completely dominant over another allele
red x white = pink
genetic makeup... TT, Tt, tt
both alleles are the same... TT, tt
incomplete dominance
one allele is not completely dominant over another allele
example of incomplete dominance
red x white = pink
22 terms
biology genetics study guide
dominant
homozygous
alleles
principle of segregation
the dominating allele which will appear as the phenotype and…
a pair of matching alleles, either both dominant or both rece…
different forms of the same gene
law states that each characteristic is controlled by two fact…
dominant
the dominating allele which will appear as the phenotype and…
homozygous
a pair of matching alleles, either both dominant or both rece…
11 terms
Biology study guide genetics
catalysts
Activation Energy
Enzymes
Enzymes activity
help chemical reactions happens faster
Energy required to start Chemical reaction
fit like a lock and key to only one kind of substrate, are pr…
Factors that affect enzymes activity are pH and temperature
catalysts
help chemical reactions happens faster
Activation Energy
Energy required to start Chemical reaction
Genetics Study Guide: Biology
Inheritance
Genes
Alleles
Chromosomes
Process by which the traits of organisms are passed to their…
The unit of heredity; a segment of DNA located at a particula…
One of several alternative forms of a particular gene
a strand of DNA that is encoded with genes. In most cells, hu…
Inheritance
Process by which the traits of organisms are passed to their…
Genes
The unit of heredity; a segment of DNA located at a particula…
85 terms
Biology Genetics Study Guide
incomplete dominance
example of incomplete dominance
genotype
homozygous
one allele is not completely dominant over another allele
red x white = pink
genetic makeup... TT, Tt, tt
both alleles are the same... TT, tt
incomplete dominance
one allele is not completely dominant over another allele
example of incomplete dominance
red x white = pink
21 terms
Biology Genetics Study Guide
Gene
Allele
Trait
Dominant
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Variants of a trait, Ex: Brown eyes vs Blue eyes. It is contr…
A characteristic that is passed on to offspring through genes
A trait that is passed down by one or two parents that will s…
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Allele
Variants of a trait, Ex: Brown eyes vs Blue eyes. It is contr…
23 terms
Genetics study guide biology
Law of independent assortment
The law of segregation
Alleles
Dominant
This law states that the alleles for each of our traits are i…
This states that our alleles for a trait are separated when o…
Different versions of a gene for a trait
The trait that takes over ur covers the recessive (G)
Law of independent assortment
This law states that the alleles for each of our traits are i…
The law of segregation
This states that our alleles for a trait are separated when o…
48 terms
Biology Genetics Study Guide
Different forms of a gene (tall/short):
The trait that masks the other:
Represented by the letters, genetic ma…
Transmission of characteristics from p…
alleles
dominant
genotype
heredity
Different forms of a gene (tall/short):
alleles
The trait that masks the other:
dominant
9 terms
Biology Genetics StudyGuide
Genotype
Phenotype
Male Chromosomes
Female Chromosomes
Genetics
Physical
XY
XX
Genotype
Genetics
Phenotype
Physical
25 terms
Biology - Genetics Stufy Guide
Homologous chromosomes
What 2 chromosomes form the male sex c…
What process of cell division forms ga…
Meiosis produces _______ the number of…
A pair of chromosomes that have the same traits on the same l…
XY
Meiosis
Twice, half
Homologous chromosomes
A pair of chromosomes that have the same traits on the same l…
What 2 chromosomes form the male sex c…
XY
62 terms
biology | genetics study guide
who is gregor mendel?
what did gregor mendel develop?
what did gregor mendel find?
what is gregor mendel called?
> an austrian monk who studied the inheritance of traits in p…
he developed the laws of inheritance.
he found that the plant's offspring retained traits of the pa…
he's also called the "father of genetics".
who is gregor mendel?
> an austrian monk who studied the inheritance of traits in p…
what did gregor mendel develop?
he developed the laws of inheritance.
45 terms
Biology Genetics Study Guide
example of incomplete dominance
homozygous
heterozygous
phenotype
red x white = pink
both alleles are the same... TT, tt
the two alleles are different... Tt
what it looks like... round, green, tall, red
example of incomplete dominance
red x white = pink
homozygous
both alleles are the same... TT, tt
85 terms
Biology Genetics Study Guide
incomplete dominance
example of incomplete dominance
genotype
homozygous
one allele is not completely dominant over another allele
red x white = pink
genetic makeup... TT, Tt, tt
both alleles are the same... TT, tt
incomplete dominance
one allele is not completely dominant over another allele
example of incomplete dominance
red x white = pink
20 terms
biology study guide genetics
genetics
fertilization
trait
gene
study of biological inheritance from parents
process when male and female reproductive cells come together…
a specific characteristic ex- seed color, plant height
a factor that is passed from parent to offspring
genetics
study of biological inheritance from parents
fertilization
process when male and female reproductive cells come together…
28 terms
Biology/ genetics study guide
Cell membrane
Nucleus
Cytoplasm/ cytoskeleton
Mitochondria
Controls what enter/ exits the cell
Contains DNA
Holds the shape/ contains organelles
Converts energy or AIP
Cell membrane
Controls what enter/ exits the cell
Nucleus
Contains DNA
32 terms
biology genetics study guide
gene
alleles
character trait
dominant allele
a heritable unit that determines a character; a section of DN…
different forms of a gene are called these
a heritable feature that varies among individuals
the allele that determines the phenotype in a heterozygote
gene
a heritable unit that determines a character; a section of DN…
alleles
different forms of a gene are called these
37 terms
Biology Genetics Study Guide
Principle of Dominance
Law of Segregation
punnett square
Principle of Independent Assortment
some alleles are dominant and others are recessive
alleles separate, during the formation of gametes, so that ea…
is a diagram that can be used to predict the genotype and phe…
states that genes for different traits can segregate independ…
Principle of Dominance
some alleles are dominant and others are recessive
Law of Segregation
alleles separate, during the formation of gametes, so that ea…
29 terms
Biology Genetics Study Guide
mitosis
cytokinesis
cell cycle
cell spends 90% of its time in _______…
nucleus is divided into two nuclei
cytoplasm divides; final cell division
repeating sequence of cellular growth and division during the…
interphase
mitosis
nucleus is divided into two nuclei
cytokinesis
cytoplasm divides; final cell division
Biology Study Guide: Genetics
Alleles
Carrier
Clone
Codominance
Different forms of genes. The principle of dominance states t…
a person or other organism that has inherited a recessive all…
genetically identical cell(s) to its parent.
situation in which both alleles of a gene contribute to the p…
Alleles
Different forms of genes. The principle of dominance states t…
Carrier
a person or other organism that has inherited a recessive all…
16 terms
Genetics- Biology Study Guide
Genetics
The F2 generation
Hybrids
Polygenic
The study of hereditary
The recessive alleles found in the parent cells begin to appe…
The offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
For example; when theirs a dark blue and light blue and every…
Genetics
The study of hereditary
The F2 generation
The recessive alleles found in the parent cells begin to appe…
55 terms
Biology Genetics Unit Review Guide
mitosis
stages of mitosis
genetic engineering
genome
process in which the nucleus divides to form identical nuclei
Interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
biological and chemical methods to change DNA sequence
Chart showing the location of individual genes on a chromosome
mitosis
process in which the nucleus divides to form identical nuclei
stages of mitosis
Interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
30 terms
Biology Genetics Study Guide
Gregor Mendel
Law of Segregation
Law of Independent Assortment
Dominant/ Recessive
- Father of genetics... - Tested peas, fruit flies, flowers
- alleles separate during fertilization, creating multiple po…
- Happens during meiosis in the formation of gametes and crea…
% of genotypes and % of phenotypes
Gregor Mendel
- Father of genetics... - Tested peas, fruit flies, flowers
Law of Segregation
- alleles separate during fertilization, creating multiple po…
Biology Genetics Study Guide
What is Mendel's laws of segregation?
What is Mendel's law of independent as…
True-breeding
Genotype
Alleles for each gene segregate during gamete production duri…
During gamete formation, the segregation of the alleles in on…
Each generation only produces offspring with the same traits…
The genetic make-up
What is Mendel's laws of segregation?
Alleles for each gene segregate during gamete production duri…
What is Mendel's law of independent as…
During gamete formation, the segregation of the alleles in on…
47 terms
Biology genetics study guide
What is a biological trait?
Why did Mendel use purebred pea pants?
What were the conclusion that Mendel c…
Why was Mendel able to predict the pat…
Traits that people have due to their genetic make up
They were either one trait or another with no in between
Law of independent assortment - traits are inherited in discr…
They reproduce quickly and have simple genetics
What is a biological trait?
Traits that people have due to their genetic make up
Why did Mendel use purebred pea pants?
They were either one trait or another with no in between
Biology Genetics Study Guide
incomplete dominance
example of incomplete dominance
genotype
homozygous
one allele is not completely dominant over another allele
red x white = pink
genetic makeup... TT, Tt, tt
both alleles are the same... TT, tt
incomplete dominance
one allele is not completely dominant over another allele
example of incomplete dominance
red x white = pink
24 terms
Biology Genetics Study Guide
genetics
True breeding
Fertilization
Trait
The scientific study of the delivery of characteristics from…
is that they were self-pollinating, and would produce offspri…
a process when male and female reproductive cells join
a specific characteristic, such as seed color or plant height…
genetics
The scientific study of the delivery of characteristics from…
True breeding
is that they were self-pollinating, and would produce offspri…
29 terms
Biology genetics study guide
Genetic recombination
Male Genotype
Female Genotype
Super Script Trait
The producing of offspring with combings of traits that are d…
Chromosome of XY
Chromosome of XX
The exponent on top of the sex chromosome determining if the…
Genetic recombination
The producing of offspring with combings of traits that are d…
Male Genotype
Chromosome of XY
27 terms
Biology Genetics Study Guide
genotype
phenotype
P1 generation
F1 generation
pair of genes or alleles (letters)
outward physical appearance
true bonding or pure pea plant
offspring of P1 cross
genotype
pair of genes or alleles (letters)
phenotype
outward physical appearance
85 terms
Biology Genetics Study Guide
incomplete dominance
example of incomplete dominance
genotype
homozygous
one allele is not completely dominant over another allele
red x white = pink
genetic makeup... TT, Tt, tt
both alleles are the same... TT, tt
incomplete dominance
one allele is not completely dominant over another allele
example of incomplete dominance
red x white = pink
50 terms
Biology - Genetics Study Guide
germ cells
somatic cells
gametes
humans have _ pairs of chromosomes
in reproductive organs, develop into eggs or sperm
body cells, all the other cells in your body besides germ, 46…
egg and sperm cells
23
germ cells
in reproductive organs, develop into eggs or sperm
somatic cells
body cells, all the other cells in your body besides germ, 46…
49 terms
Biology : Genetics Study Guide
Gregor Mendel
Genetics
Heredity
Alleles
Father of genetics
Study of heredity
Passing on of traits from parent to offspring
Different forms of genes
Gregor Mendel
Father of genetics
Genetics
Study of heredity
24 terms
biology genetics study guide
gene
DNA
phenotype
genotype
a code of DNA
deoxyribonic acid that is found in the nucleus
what it looks like
the type of genes (alleles) present
gene
a code of DNA
DNA
deoxyribonic acid that is found in the nucleus
85 terms
Biology Genetics Study Guide
incomplete dominance
example of incomplete dominance
genotype
homozygous
one allele is not completely dominant over another allele
red x white = pink
genetic makeup... TT, Tt, tt
both alleles are the same... TT, tt
incomplete dominance
one allele is not completely dominant over another allele
example of incomplete dominance
red x white = pink
85 terms
Biology Genetics Study Guide
incomplete dominance
example of incomplete dominance
genotype
homozygous
one allele is not completely dominant over another allele
red x white = pink
genetic makeup... TT, Tt, tt
both alleles are the same... TT, tt
incomplete dominance
one allele is not completely dominant over another allele
example of incomplete dominance
red x white = pink
31 terms
Biology Genetics Study Guide
1
F1
phenotype
genotype
__ gene(s) code for 1 protein
first filial generation
describes the trait or how gene is expressed, physical appear…
actual gene combination
1
__ gene(s) code for 1 protein
F1
first filial generation
23 terms
Biology Genetics Study Guide
Genotype
Phenotype
Allele
Gene
the genetic makeup for a person's traits.
the physical expression of a trait. opposite of genotype
one member of a pair of genes occupying a specific spot on th…
the basic physical unit of heredity.
Genotype
the genetic makeup for a person's traits.
Phenotype
the physical expression of a trait. opposite of genotype
14 terms
Biology (genetics study guide)
Hemoglobin
Methemeglobin
Diaphorase
Amylopectin
Protein that carries oxygen in RBC
When hemoglobin loses an electron to surounding
Converts methemeglobin to hemoglobin
Highly branched form of starch
Hemoglobin
Protein that carries oxygen in RBC
Methemeglobin
When hemoglobin loses an electron to surounding
14 terms
Biology Study Guide: Genetics
Allele
Codominance
Dominant
Genetics
Gene that governs a characteristic. Ex. Hair color
Condition in which both alleles for a gene are fully expressed
Allele that is fully expressed whenever the allele is an indi…
The science of hereditary and of the mechanisms by the traits…
Allele
Gene that governs a characteristic. Ex. Hair color
Codominance
Condition in which both alleles for a gene are fully expressed
5 terms
Biology Honors Genetics Review Guide
Complimentary Stand
Replicate
Transcribe (sense strand)
Anti Codon
Comes after DNA but is the opposite of it and still includes…
The opposite of the DNA stand before
When going from DNA to M-RNA, includes a U instead of a T
When going from M-RNA to T-RNA, includes a U instead of a T
Complimentary Stand
Comes after DNA but is the opposite of it and still includes…
Replicate
The opposite of the DNA stand before
10 terms
Biology study guide genetics
Dominant
Genotype
Punnett square
Dihybrid
In genetics, describes an allele that is fully expressed when…
The entire genetic makeup of an organism.
A graphic used to predict the results of a genetic cross
A cross between individuals that have different alleles for t…
Dominant
In genetics, describes an allele that is fully expressed when…
Genotype
The entire genetic makeup of an organism.
30 terms
Biology Study Guide: Genetics
Gene
Allele
Genotype
Phenotype
passed on heritable units from parents; codes for one protein
Altered version of genes that create variations in inherited…
genetic makeup, the genetic makeup of a person
physical appearance (traits)
Gene
passed on heritable units from parents; codes for one protein
Allele
Altered version of genes that create variations in inherited…
11 terms
Biology Genetics Study Guide
Inherited Traits
Alleles
Genes
Dominant
a distinguishing quality or characteristic that is transmitte…
one of two or more alternatives forms of a gene that arise by…
are instructions for making proteins
are genes that cover other genes (capital letters)
Inherited Traits
a distinguishing quality or characteristic that is transmitte…
Alleles
one of two or more alternatives forms of a gene that arise by…
55 terms
Biology Genetics Unit Review Guide
mitosis
stages of mitosis
genetic engineering
genome
process in which the nucleus divides to form identical nuclei
Interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
biological and chemical methods to change DNA sequence
Chart showing the location of individual genes on a chromosome
mitosis
process in which the nucleus divides to form identical nuclei
stages of mitosis
Interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
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