Study sets matching "guided reading ap biology"

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Study sets matching "guided reading ap biology"

34 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 12 Guided Reading Assignment
Compare and contrast the role of cell…
Genome
Chromosomes
Somatic Cells
In a unicellular organism, cell division creates an entire ne…
A cells endowment of DNA, its genetic material
DNA molecules are packed into these, makes the replication an…
And body cells except the reproductive cells each contain 46…
Compare and contrast the role of cell…
In a unicellular organism, cell division creates an entire ne…
Genome
A cells endowment of DNA, its genetic material
31 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 14 Guided Reading Assignments
Who were the two strong influences on…
Character
Trait
True-Breeding
Christian Doppler and Franz Unger
Heritable feature that varies among individuals
Each variant of a character
Successive generations continue to produce offspring with the…
Who were the two strong influences on…
Christian Doppler and Franz Unger
Character
Heritable feature that varies among individuals
47 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Guided Reading
Difference between magnification and r…
Two Domains of Prokaryotic Cells
Pro-vs.-Eukaryotic Cells
Cell Wall
Magnification: ration of object's image to its real size... Reso…
a) Bacteria... b) Archaea
Eukaryotic Cell: DNA stored in nucleus... Prokaryotic: DNA store…
rigid structure, outside the plasma membrane (PLANT CELLS ONL…
Difference between magnification and r…
Magnification: ration of object's image to its real size... Reso…
Two Domains of Prokaryotic Cells
a) Bacteria... b) Archaea
AP Biology Chapter 4 Reading Guide
Heated
Hydrogen gas, methane, ammonia, and wa…
Sparks
Condenser
Step one of Stanley Miller's experiment to simulate condition…
Step two of Stanley's experiment: The "atmosphere contained a…
Step three of Stanley's experiment: _______ were discharged t…
Step four of Stanley's experiment: A _______ cooled the atmos…
Heated
Step one of Stanley Miller's experiment to simulate condition…
Hydrogen gas, methane, ammonia, and wa…
Step two of Stanley's experiment: The "atmosphere contained a…
AP Biology Chapter 14 Guided Reading
Character
Trait
True-breeding
Hybridization
A heritable feature that varies among individuals.
Each variant for a character.
Organisms that produce offspring of the same variety over man…
The mating, or crossing of two true-breeding varieties.
Character
A heritable feature that varies among individuals.
Trait
Each variant for a character.
12 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9 Guided Reading
What is the purpose of cell division?
Describe the organization of the chrom…
What is a somatic cell?
A chicken has 78 chromosomes in its so…
for the cell to reproduce by duplicating its components and s…
a DNA strand collects proteins to become chromatin, which wra…
a cell in the body
the chicken inherited 39 chromosomes from each parent; after…
What is the purpose of cell division?
for the cell to reproduce by duplicating its components and s…
Describe the organization of the chrom…
a DNA strand collects proteins to become chromatin, which wra…
AP Biology Reading Guide Chapter 3
Unequal distribution of electrons. The…
The slightly positive charge of hydrog…
Cohesion
Adhesion
What is a polar molecule? Why is water considered polar?
Explain hydrogen bonding. How many hydrogen bonds can a singl…
When the hydrogn bonds hold the substance together. HOLDS TOG…
he clinging of one substance to another. HOLDS ON
Unequal distribution of electrons. The…
What is a polar molecule? Why is water considered polar?
The slightly positive charge of hydrog…
Explain hydrogen bonding. How many hydrogen bonds can a singl…
AP Biology: Chapter 12 Guided Reading Assignment
Compare and contrast the role of cell…
Genome
Chromosomes
Somatic Cells
In a unicellular organism, cell division creates an entire ne…
A cells endowment of DNA, its genetic material
DNA molecules are packed into these, makes the replication an…
And body cells except the reproductive cells each contain 46…
Compare and contrast the role of cell…
In a unicellular organism, cell division creates an entire ne…
Genome
A cells endowment of DNA, its genetic material
34 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 12 Guided Reading Assignment
Compare and contrast the role of cell…
Genome
Chromosomes
Somatic Cells
In a unicellular organism, cell division creates an entire ne…
A cells endowment of DNA, its genetic material
DNA molecules are packed into these, makes the replication an…
And body cells except the reproductive cells each contain 46…
Compare and contrast the role of cell…
In a unicellular organism, cell division creates an entire ne…
Genome
A cells endowment of DNA, its genetic material
56 terms
AP Biology Chapter 2 Reading Guide
Matter
Example of matter
Element
Example of an element
anything that takes up space and has mass
humans
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
oxygen
Matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
Example of matter
humans
AP Biology - Chapter 2 Guided Reading
Matter
Element
Compound
Four elements that make up 96% of livi…
Has mass and takes up space
Substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
Substance consisting of two or more different elements combin…
Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Hydrogen
Matter
Has mass and takes up space
Element
Substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by c…
AP Biology Reading Guide Chapter 4
varying lengths, double bonds, rings,…
organic molecules consisting of only c…
Isotope
Isomer
What are the types of carbon skeletons that can be formed?
what is a hydrocarbon?
a variation of an element with extra neutrons
compounds that have the same number of atoms of the same elem…
varying lengths, double bonds, rings,…
What are the types of carbon skeletons that can be formed?
organic molecules consisting of only c…
what is a hydrocarbon?
AP Biology Chapter 5 Reading Guide
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and n…
Macromolecules
Lipids
Polymer
The large molecules of all living things fall into just four…
Polymers built from monomers.
Which class of molecule isn't a macromolecule?
Long chain-like molecules consisting of many similar building…
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and n…
The large molecules of all living things fall into just four…
Macromolecules
Polymers built from monomers.
AP Biology Reading Guide Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Compound
Essential element: about 25-92 natural…
anything that takes up space and has mass. rocks, metals, oil…
a substance that cannot be broken down into other substances…
a substance containing 2 or more different elements combined…
What is the difference between an essential element that and…
Matter
anything that takes up space and has mass. rocks, metals, oil…
Element
a substance that cannot be broken down into other substances…
AP Biology Chapter 7 Reading Guide
Selective Permeability
Amphipathic Molecule
Gorter and Grendel
Davson and Danielli
It allows some substances to cross it more easily than others…
Has both a hydrophillic and hydrophobic region. An example is…
These two people thought that the membrane must be made of a…
These two people thought that membranes are coated on both si…
Selective Permeability
It allows some substances to cross it more easily than others…
Amphipathic Molecule
Has both a hydrophillic and hydrophobic region. An example is…
AP Biology Chapter 40 Guided Reading
chaparral
desert
savanna
northern coniferous forest
evergreen shrubs, fire-adapted vegetation
widely scattered shrubs, cacti, and euphorbs
grasses adapted to fire and drought
low shrubby vegetation
chaparral
evergreen shrubs, fire-adapted vegetation
desert
widely scattered shrubs, cacti, and euphorbs
AP Biology Reading Guide Chapter 5
The large molecules of all living thin…
Which of the four main classes are mac…
Macromolecules
plymer
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins
a molecule containing a lot of molecules
long molecule of identical building blocks linked by covalent…
The large molecules of all living thin…
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
Which of the four main classes are mac…
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins
21 terms
AP Biology Chapter 10 Reading Guide
Explain how we know that the oxygen re…
Chemiosmosis
Electrochemical gradient
Explain what occurs in the light react…
Scientists conducted an experiment by using 18^O as a tracer…
the movement of ions across a semipermeable membrane, down th…
consists of two parts: the chemical gradient, or difference i…
Water is split, providing electrons and protons, and giving o…
Explain how we know that the oxygen re…
Scientists conducted an experiment by using 18^O as a tracer…
Chemiosmosis
the movement of ions across a semipermeable membrane, down th…
16 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 7 Guided Reading
What is an autotroph?
What is a heterotroph?
What is a photoautotroph?
What is a chemoautotroph?
an organism that can perform photosynthesis
an organism that obtains carbohydrates by eating autotrophs
an organism capable of synthesizing energy from inorganic sub…
an organism capable of synthesizing energy through the oxidat…
What is an autotroph?
an organism that can perform photosynthesis
What is a heterotroph?
an organism that obtains carbohydrates by eating autotrophs
37 terms
AP Biology-Reading Guide 2
What are the four main stages that cou…
What are the atmospheric conditions th…
What is the significance of Oparin and…
How did the Miller-Urey experiment tes…
-The abiotic synthesis(conjoining) of small organic molecules…
The first atmosphere was thick with water vapor and other com…
Oparin and Haldane hypothesized that Early Earth's atmosphere…
The Miller-Urey experiments prove and demonstrate the abiotic…
What are the four main stages that cou…
-The abiotic synthesis(conjoining) of small organic molecules…
What are the atmospheric conditions th…
The first atmosphere was thick with water vapor and other com…
60 terms
AP Biology Chapter 1 Reading Guide
The seven properties of life
Example of evolutionary adaptation
Example of order
Example of regulation
Evolutionary adaptation, order, regulation, energy processing…
Giraffe's necks
A beehive
Metabolism
The seven properties of life
Evolutionary adaptation, order, regulation, energy processing…
Example of evolutionary adaptation
Giraffe's necks
AP Biology: Chapter 12 Guided Reading Assignment
Compare and contrast the role of cell…
Genome
Chromosomes
Somatic Cells
In a unicellular organism, cell division creates an entire ne…
A cells endowment of DNA, its genetic material
DNA molecules are packed into these, makes the replication an…
And body cells except the reproductive cells each contain 46…
Compare and contrast the role of cell…
In a unicellular organism, cell division creates an entire ne…
Genome
A cells endowment of DNA, its genetic material
31 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 14 Guided Reading Assignments
Who were the two strong influences on…
Character
Trait
True-Breeding
Christian Doppler and Franz Unger
Heritable feature that varies among individuals
Each variant of a character
Successive generations continue to produce offspring with the…
Who were the two strong influences on…
Christian Doppler and Franz Unger
Character
Heritable feature that varies among individuals
31 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 14 Guided Reading Assignments
Who were the two strong influences on…
Character
Trait
True-Breeding
Christian Doppler and Franz Unger
Heritable feature that varies among individuals
Each variant of a character
Successive generations continue to produce offspring with the…
Who were the two strong influences on…
Christian Doppler and Franz Unger
Character
Heritable feature that varies among individuals
44 terms
AP Biology Chapter 12 Reading Guide
Three key roles of cell division
Cell cycle
Genomes in eukaryotes vs. prokaryotes
How many chromosomes in a human somati…
reproduction, growth, repair
the life of a cell from the time it is formed till it divides
A prokaryotic genome is made up of a single long DNA molecule…
46
Three key roles of cell division
reproduction, growth, repair
Cell cycle
the life of a cell from the time it is formed till it divides
31 terms
AP Biology: Chapter 14 Guided Reading Assignments
Who were the two strong influences on…
Character
Trait
True-Breeding
Christian Doppler and Franz Unger
Heritable feature that varies among individuals
Each variant of a character
Successive generations continue to produce offspring with the…
Who were the two strong influences on…
Christian Doppler and Franz Unger
Character
Heritable feature that varies among individuals
28 terms
AP Biology Chapter 14 Reading Guide
How did using pea plants let Mendel be…
Mendel's four concepts
What is the typical F2 phenotypic ratio?
What is the typical F2 genotypic ratio?
He cross-pollinated by removing immature stamens of a plant a…
Alleles account for variations in inherited characters. For e…
3:1
1:2:1
How did using pea plants let Mendel be…
He cross-pollinated by removing immature stamens of a plant a…
Mendel's four concepts
Alleles account for variations in inherited characters. For e…
31 terms
Chapter 11 AP Biology Reading Guide
What is a signal transduction pathway?
How does a yeast mating serve as an ex…
Paracrine signaling
Synaptic signaling
Process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converted to…
Alpha yeast sends alpha signals that A yeast receives. A yeas…
Secreting cells sends regulators to target cells and to all c…
Electrical signals trigger chemical signal. Very specific; af…
What is a signal transduction pathway?
Process by which a signal on a cell's surface is converted to…
How does a yeast mating serve as an ex…
Alpha yeast sends alpha signals that A yeast receives. A yeas…
34 terms
AP Biology Chapter 7 Reading Guide
Amphipathic molecule
Davson-Danielli model
Problems with the Davson-Danielli model
Role of cholesterol in membrane
Has a hydrophobic and a hydrophilic region
Sandwich model
Assumption that all membranes of cell are identical and prote…
Restrains phospholipid movement and prevents close packaging…
Amphipathic molecule
Has a hydrophobic and a hydrophilic region
Davson-Danielli model
Sandwich model
24 terms
AP Biology Chapter 15 Reading Guide
Chromosome theory of inheritance
What is the SRY gene? Where is it foun…
Sex-linked gene
How has the term "sex-linked gene" bee…
Mendelian genes have specific loci along chromosomes and it i…
It is a gene on the Y chromosome required for the development…
A gene located on either sex chromosome
It used to just refer to a gene on the X chromosome
Chromosome theory of inheritance
Mendelian genes have specific loci along chromosomes and it i…
What is the SRY gene? Where is it foun…
It is a gene on the Y chromosome required for the development…
19 terms
AP Biology Reading Guide Chapter 11
Example of local paracrine signaling
Example of local synaptic signaling
How does a hormone qualify as a long-d…
Transduction
numerous cells can simultaneously receive and respond to mole…
an electrical signal along a nerve cell triggers the secretio…
it has to travel to reach target cells in other areas of the…
converts the signal to a form that can bring about a specific…
Example of local paracrine signaling
numerous cells can simultaneously receive and respond to mole…
Example of local synaptic signaling
an electrical signal along a nerve cell triggers the secretio…
34 terms
AP Biology Chapter 6 Reading Guide
Location of DNA in eukaryotic cells
Location of DNA in prokaryotic cells
Cell wall
Plasma membrane
nucleus
nucleoid
rigid structure outside plasma membrane
membrane enclosing cytoplasm
Location of DNA in eukaryotic cells
nucleus
Location of DNA in prokaryotic cells
nucleoid
67 terms
AP Biology Chapter 17 Reading Guide
Gene expression
Three ways RNA is different from DNA
Transcription
Translation
The process by which DNA directs the synthesis of proteins or…
RNA contains ribose instead of deoxyribose, and uracil instea…
synthesis of RNA under direction of DNA; takes place in the n…
synthesis of polypeptides under direction of mRNA; takes plac…
Gene expression
The process by which DNA directs the synthesis of proteins or…
Three ways RNA is different from DNA
RNA contains ribose instead of deoxyribose, and uracil instea…
36 terms
AP Biology Chapter 4 Reading Guide
Explain the elements of Stanley Miller…
What was collected in Stanley Miller's…
What was concluded from the results of…
How many valence electrons does carbon…
(1) A water mixture is heated in the "sea" flask and then ent…
Samples of the cycling material were collected. He identified…
Organic molecules may have been synthesized abiotically on th…
4;4;covalent bonds
Explain the elements of Stanley Miller…
(1) A water mixture is heated in the "sea" flask and then ent…
What was collected in Stanley Miller's…
Samples of the cycling material were collected. He identified…
33 terms
AP Biology Chapter 18 Reading Guide
Two main ways of controlling metabolis…
In the case of E.coli regulating trypt…
Operator
Operon
(1) Adjusting the activity of enzymes(2) Adjusting the produc…
Negative because the accumulation of the product prevents the…
A sequence of nucleotides near the start of an operon to whic…
A unit of genetic function found in bacteria and phages, cons…
Two main ways of controlling metabolis…
(1) Adjusting the activity of enzymes(2) Adjusting the produc…
In the case of E.coli regulating trypt…
Negative because the accumulation of the product prevents the…
AP Biology Chapter 5 Reading Guide
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and n…
Macromolecules
Lipids
Polymer
The large molecules of all living things fall into just four…
Polymers built from monomers.
Which class of molecule isn't a macromolecule?
Long chain-like molecules consisting of many similar building…
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and n…
The large molecules of all living things fall into just four…
Macromolecules
Polymers built from monomers.
62 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Reading Guide
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and n…
Macromolecules
Lipids
Polymer
The large molecules of all living things fall into just four…
Polymers built from monomers.
Which class of molecule isn't a macromolecule?
Long chain-like molecules consisting of many similar building…
Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and n…
The large molecules of all living things fall into just four…
Macromolecules
Polymers built from monomers.
AP Biology Chapter 4 Reading Guide
Heated
Hydrogen gas, methane, ammonia, and wa…
Sparks
Condenser
Step one of Stanley Miller's experiment to simulate condition…
Step two of Stanley's experiment: The "atmosphere contained a…
Step three of Stanley's experiment: _______ were discharged t…
Step four of Stanley's experiment: A _______ cooled the atmos…
Heated
Step one of Stanley Miller's experiment to simulate condition…
Hydrogen gas, methane, ammonia, and wa…
Step two of Stanley's experiment: The "atmosphere contained a…
34 terms
AP Biology Chapter 9 Reading Guide
Difference between fermentation and ce…
Formula for catabolic degradation of g…
Hydrogen is held in cell temporarily b…
Coenzyme
O2 is a reactant in cellular respiration but not fermentation…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy (ATP+heat)
NAD+
A nonprotein compound necessary for the functioning of an enz…
Difference between fermentation and ce…
O2 is a reactant in cellular respiration but not fermentation…
Formula for catabolic degradation of g…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy (ATP+heat)
68 terms
AP Biology Chapter 5 Reading Guide
Polymer
Monomer
How are monomers connected?
How are polymers converted to monomers?
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
the repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
By condensation/dehydration reactions, which means two molecu…
By adding a water molecule; hydrolysis
Polymer
a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
Monomer
the repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
35 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8 Reading Guide
Anabolic pathways
Catabolic pathways
Which reactions are considered "uphill"?
What type of reaction is photosynthesis?
Synthesize molecules and require energy
Break down molecules and produce energy
Anabolic
Anabolic
Anabolic pathways
Synthesize molecules and require energy
Catabolic pathways
Break down molecules and produce energy
49 terms
AP Biology Chapter 16 Reading Guide
Two chemical components of chromosomes
Why did researches originally think pr…
Virulent vs. nonvirulent strains
What was the purpose of Griffith's stu…
DNA and protein
Nucleic acids seemed too uniform to account for the diversity…
Virulent strains are disease-causing while nonvirulent strain…
He was trying to develop a vaccine against pneumonia.
Two chemical components of chromosomes
DNA and protein
Why did researches originally think pr…
Nucleic acids seemed too uniform to account for the diversity…
34 terms
AP Biology Chapter 3 Reading Guide
What is a polar molecule?
Why is water considered polar?
Using + and - signs, indicate the char…
Explain hydrogen bonding.
A polar molecule is made up of atoms who share electrons uneq…
Because oxygen is more electronegative than hydrogen, therefo…
The oxygen region of each molecule has a partial negative cha…
When a slightly positive hydrogen atom is attracted to a more…
What is a polar molecule?
A polar molecule is made up of atoms who share electrons uneq…
Why is water considered polar?
Because oxygen is more electronegative than hydrogen, therefo…
21 terms
AP Biology Chapter 13 Reading Guide
How many sex chromosomes in human cells?
How many autosomes in human cells?
Sex chromosomes
Karyotypes
2
44
responsible for determining the sex of an individual
when images of chromosomes are arranged in pairs, starting wi…
How many sex chromosomes in human cells?
2
How many autosomes in human cells?
44
Ap Biology Chapter 3 Reading Guide
Hydrocarbons
Polymer
monomer
dehydration reaction
compound of hydrogen and carbon
substance that has a molecular structure consisting partly or…
a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules th…
a chemical reaction that involves the loss of a water molecul…
Hydrocarbons
compound of hydrogen and carbon
Polymer
substance that has a molecular structure consisting partly or…
AP Biology Reading Guide Chapter 4
varying lengths, double bonds, rings,…
organic molecules consisting of only c…
Isotope
Isomer
What are the types of carbon skeletons that can be formed?
what is a hydrocarbon?
a variation of an element with extra neutrons
compounds that have the same number of atoms of the same elem…
varying lengths, double bonds, rings,…
What are the types of carbon skeletons that can be formed?
organic molecules consisting of only c…
what is a hydrocarbon?
AP Biology Reading Guide Chapter 3
Unequal distribution of electrons. The…
The slightly positive charge of hydrog…
Cohesion
Adhesion
What is a polar molecule? Why is water considered polar?
Explain hydrogen bonding. How many hydrogen bonds can a singl…
When the hydrogn bonds hold the substance together. HOLDS TOG…
he clinging of one substance to another. HOLDS ON
Unequal distribution of electrons. The…
What is a polar molecule? Why is water considered polar?
The slightly positive charge of hydrog…
Explain hydrogen bonding. How many hydrogen bonds can a singl…
32 terms
AP Biology Reading Guide Chapter 3
Unequal distribution of electrons. The…
The slightly positive charge of hydrog…
Cohesion
Adhesion
What is a polar molecule? Why is water considered polar?
Explain hydrogen bonding. How many hydrogen bonds can a singl…
When the hydrogn bonds hold the substance together. HOLDS TOG…
he clinging of one substance to another. HOLDS ON
Unequal distribution of electrons. The…
What is a polar molecule? Why is water considered polar?
The slightly positive charge of hydrog…
Explain hydrogen bonding. How many hydrogen bonds can a singl…
43 terms
AP Biology - Water: Ch 3 Guided Reading, Article and PowerPoint
Carbon-based
Enzymes
Biochemical reactions
Aquaporins
Water is critical to what type of life forms?
Proteins that speed up chemical reactions sufficiently to mak…
Require a fluid to operate in, and everything will dissolve i…
Quick route for water to get through the plasma membrane
Carbon-based
Water is critical to what type of life forms?
Enzymes
Proteins that speed up chemical reactions sufficiently to mak…
34 terms
AP Biology Chapter 8 (Refer to Reading Guide)
According to the induced fit hypothesi…
A no competitive inhibitor...
Catabolism
Anabolism
The binding of the substrate changes the shape of the enzyme'…
Changes the shape of an enzyme's active site.
Cellular process of breaking down large molecules into smalle…
Consume energy to build up polymers from monomers.
According to the induced fit hypothesi…
The binding of the substrate changes the shape of the enzyme'…
A no competitive inhibitor...
Changes the shape of an enzyme's active site.
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