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Study sets matching "gynecology"

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Study sets matching "gynecology"

120 terms
Gynecology
gynecology
Obstetrics
vaginal bleeding
pudendum
derived from the greek gynaik, mening woman. it is the branch…
the branch of medicine that deals with the care of women thro…
most of the gynecologic emergency patients that you will enco…
the female external genitailia are known collectively as the…
gynecology
derived from the greek gynaik, mening woman. it is the branch…
Obstetrics
the branch of medicine that deals with the care of women thro…
136 terms
gynecology
functions of the female pelvis
Ring of 4 bones that make up the pelvis:
Which bones fuse to form the hip (inno…
the middle line of the innominate bone…
- weight-bearing bridge... -direct pathway for fetal head... -prote…
- innominate x 2 ( lateral anterior)... - sacrum... - coccyx
Ilium, Ishium, and pubis
symphysis pubis
functions of the female pelvis
- weight-bearing bridge... -direct pathway for fetal head... -prote…
Ring of 4 bones that make up the pelvis:
- innominate x 2 ( lateral anterior)... - sacrum... - coccyx
7 terms
Gynecology
5 RFs for ovarian torsion
Name 8 causes of DUB
Severe vaginal bleeding due to DUB --…
DUb outpatient treatmend
Reproductive age... Ovarian neoplasm... Large ovarian cyst... PCOS... Ova…
Lines and fluids... ABCs... Blood PRN... TXA 1g IV... Estrogen therapy... OR
NSAIDS... TXA... Estrogen -- take 2 OCP pils bid for total of 7 day…
5 RFs for ovarian torsion
Reproductive age... Ovarian neoplasm... Large ovarian cyst... PCOS... Ova…
Name 8 causes of DUB
84 terms
Gynecology
Gravida
Para
7 attributes
Annual female exam should include:
indicates the number of times the woman has been pregnant, re…
carried pregnancy to a viable gestational age
Location, Quality, Quantity/severity, timing, setting, allevi…
BE, external genitalia exam, speculum exam, bimanual exam, re…
Gravida
indicates the number of times the woman has been pregnant, re…
Para
carried pregnancy to a viable gestational age
62 terms
Gynecology
50-74 q/2yrs
21-65 q/3yrs
Latex allergy
Older - mammography then US... Younger - US
When is it recommended to get mammograms?
When is it recommended to get Paps?
A women develops hives after protected sex (condom) with her…
What type of imaging should be used for suspicious breast mas…
50-74 q/2yrs
When is it recommended to get mammograms?
21-65 q/3yrs
When is it recommended to get Paps?
51 terms
Gynecology
Endometrial biopsy indications
Acute AUB
Normal menstrual cycle
Menopause
Indicated for evaluating AUB in:... 1. Women >45 and all postmen…
Adolescents: most common cause- *immature hypothalamic-pitu…
Follicular phase: days 1-13... -Typically lasts ~13 days... -↑ FS…
Cessation of menses for minimum of 12 months as result of c…
Endometrial biopsy indications
Indicated for evaluating AUB in:... 1. Women >45 and all postmen…
Acute AUB
Adolescents: most common cause- *immature hypothalamic-pitu…
50 terms
Gynecology
egg
areola
fundus
oocyte
What do these root words mean? ov/i, o/o, ov/o
The dark area surrounding the nipple
The rounded top of uterus; massaged after delivery
An immature egg is called?
egg
What do these root words mean? ov/i, o/o, ov/o
areola
The dark area surrounding the nipple
71 terms
Gynecology
amniocentesis
amniotic fluid
endocervicitis
chorionic
surgical puncture to remove fluid from the amniotic sac
fluid that is contained within the amniotic sac
inflammation of the inner lining of the cervix
pertaining to the outer wall of the membrane enclosing the fe…
amniocentesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid from the amniotic sac
amniotic fluid
fluid that is contained within the amniotic sac
52 terms
Gynecology
Normal uterus and ovaries
Uterine prolapse (Due to loss of apica…
Crystocele
Rectocele
Due to loss of horizontal support of pubocervical fascia
Due to loss of horizontal support of rectovaginal septum
Normal uterus and ovaries
Uterine prolapse (Due to loss of apica…
396 terms
Gynecology
When is the follicular phase of the me…
What is the second phase of the menstr…
What are the 2 menstrual hormones rele…
What causes FSH and LH to be released?
1st day to ovulation
luteal
FSH and LH
GnRH from hypothalmos
When is the follicular phase of the me…
1st day to ovulation
What is the second phase of the menstr…
luteal
43 terms
Gynecology
fundus of the uterus
body of the uterus
uterine horns
uterine cavity
c
either side of C
B
fundus of the uterus
c
body of the uterus
191 terms
Gynecology
Breast:list 5 benign breast diseases
Breast : list 6 malignant breast disea…
Bilateral nipple D/c in history , what…
Unilateral Nipple dischage ; ... 1. most…
1. Prolactinoma ... 2. order prolactin levels , TSH levesl
1. intraductal papilloma ... 2. seruos or serosanguinous fluid d…
Breast:list 5 benign breast diseases
Breast : list 6 malignant breast disea…
122 terms
Gynecology
What causes vaginitis or discharge in…
Young girl with canidias vaginal infec…
hematocolpos (blood in the vagina) is…
MC preventable cause of infertility in…
Most are nonspecific or physiologic, but look for: vaginal fo…
check the serum glucose level and/or the urine for glycosuria.
imperforate hymen
PID
What causes vaginitis or discharge in…
Most are nonspecific or physiologic, but look for: vaginal fo…
Young girl with canidias vaginal infec…
check the serum glucose level and/or the urine for glycosuria.
297 terms
gynecology
truth
true
false
adulthood
igazság
igaz
hamis
felnőttség
truth
igazság
true
igaz
11 terms
GYNECOLOGY
Gynecology
Preventive medice
Vagina
Labia minora
The branch of medical science that deals with health maintena…
The consultation of ginecology is one of the main consultatio…
Is the organ of the female genital tract that connects the ut…
In the woman who has not given bith, completely cover the int…
Gynecology
The branch of medical science that deals with health maintena…
Preventive medice
The consultation of ginecology is one of the main consultatio…
120 terms
Gynecology
gynecology
Obstetrics
vaginal bleeding
pudendum
derived from the greek gynaik, mening woman. it is the branch…
the branch of medicine that deals with the care of women thro…
most of the gynecologic emergency patients that you will enco…
the female external genitailia are known collectively as the…
gynecology
derived from the greek gynaik, mening woman. it is the branch…
Obstetrics
the branch of medicine that deals with the care of women thro…
42 terms
Gynecology
Common Diagnostic Tests
Menstrual Cycle
Menses
Abnormal Uterine Bleeding
Colposcopy... -Done in office, do if someone has abnl Pap and yo…
Ovarian Cycle (oocyte):... Follicular Phase:... -Low estrogen at en…
-Normal 5 days, 40mL of blood... -Menorrhagia=heavy bleeding. >8…
PALM-COEIN... Polyp, Adenomyosis (endometrium grows into myometr…
Common Diagnostic Tests
Colposcopy... -Done in office, do if someone has abnl Pap and yo…
Menstrual Cycle
Ovarian Cycle (oocyte):... Follicular Phase:... -Low estrogen at en…
170 terms
Gynecology
illioinguinal & iliohypogastric nerves
who benefits from elective coincidenta…
order of puberty
tranexamic acid
exits lateral to psoas coarsing under and wall, enters inguin…
women under 35
boobs, pubes, pits, pads... thelarche, pubarche, adrenarche, men…
reduces plasmin lysis of fibrin (antifibrinolytic)... stabilized…
illioinguinal & iliohypogastric nerves
exits lateral to psoas coarsing under and wall, enters inguin…
who benefits from elective coincidenta…
women under 35
51 terms
Gynecology
Contraindications to hormone replaceme…
Non HRT treatment for vasomotor sympto…
Contraindications to estrogen-containi…
Contraindications to IUD (mirena and c…
Vaginal bleeding, breast cancer (known or suspected), untreat…
SSRI/SNRIs, clonidine, and/or gabapentin
Pregnancy, h/o stroke or DVT, breast cancer, undiagnosed abno…
Known or suspected pregnancy, unexplained vaginal bleeding, c…
Contraindications to hormone replaceme…
Vaginal bleeding, breast cancer (known or suspected), untreat…
Non HRT treatment for vasomotor sympto…
SSRI/SNRIs, clonidine, and/or gabapentin
73 terms
Gynecology
Tx: PMS/PMDD
how is diagnosis of menopause made?
name 2 contraindications to hormone re…
DDx: Heavy and prolonged menstrual ble…
Reduce consumption of caffeine, alcohol, cigarettes, chocolat…
increased FSH level
1. estrogen-dependent cancer... 2. history of PE or DVT
Menorrhagia ... Endometrial hyperplasia ... Uterine fibroids ... Dysf…
Tx: PMS/PMDD
Reduce consumption of caffeine, alcohol, cigarettes, chocolat…
how is diagnosis of menopause made?
increased FSH level
22 terms
Gynecology
Menstruation
Uterus
Vagina
External genital organs
Is the normal, periodic discharge of blood, mucus and cellula…
-Womb... - Is a muscular organ the size and shape of a medium si…
-Birth Canal... - Is the female organ of copulation.... -Its the ca…
-vulva... -Are the outer parts of the female genitalia.... -They al…
Menstruation
Is the normal, periodic discharge of blood, mucus and cellula…
Uterus
-Womb... - Is a muscular organ the size and shape of a medium si…
35 terms
Gynecology
Effect of metoclopramide on hormones
Hormonal characteristics of PCOS
CA-125
Medical treatment for uterine fibroids
incr. prolactin... (dopamine antag)
increased androgens>>hirsutism... increased LH:FSH ratio (3:1) D…
ovarian carcinoma
GnRH analogues (Leuprolide)... - Given continuously suppresses L…
Effect of metoclopramide on hormones
incr. prolactin... (dopamine antag)
Hormonal characteristics of PCOS
increased androgens>>hirsutism... increased LH:FSH ratio (3:1) D…
62 terms
Gynecology
When is it recommended to get mammogra…
When is it recommended to get Paps?
A women develops hives after protected…
What type of imaging should be used fo…
50-74 q/2yrs
21-65 q/3yrs
Latex allergy
Older - mammography then US... Younger - US
When is it recommended to get mammogra…
50-74 q/2yrs
When is it recommended to get Paps?
21-65 q/3yrs
19 terms
Gynecology
Pelvic inflammatory disease:
Ruptured ovarian cyst (pt presents wit…
Cystitis: (UTI)
Mittleschmerz:
an infection in the female reproductive tract that can be cau…
cysts are fluid filled pockets. when they develop in the ovar…
urinary bladder infection also called urinary tract infection…
midcycle abdominal pain. pain is related to peritoneal irrita…
Pelvic inflammatory disease:
an infection in the female reproductive tract that can be cau…
Ruptured ovarian cyst (pt presents wit…
cysts are fluid filled pockets. when they develop in the ovar…
11 terms
Gynecology
parts of the uterus (4)
parts of the cervix (3)
layers of the uterine wall
uterine and ovarian ligaments (6)
fundus... body... isthmus ... cervix
supravaginal part... vaginal part... cervical canal (contains the e…
perimetric - outer serous... myometrium - middle muscular... endome…
xverse cervical ligament (cardinal l)... uterosacral l ... broad…
parts of the uterus (4)
fundus... body... isthmus ... cervix
parts of the cervix (3)
supravaginal part... vaginal part... cervical canal (contains the e…
35 terms
Gynecology
Specialty deals with
Menorrhagia
Polymenorrhea
Dysmenorrhea
adolescent, children, and infants
irregular bleeding
abnormally frequent periods
painful menstruation
Specialty deals with
adolescent, children, and infants
Menorrhagia
irregular bleeding
51 terms
Gynecology
Treatment of Candida
Patient has a greenish colored dischar…
Patient with symptoms of vulvar and va…
Fishy odor and profuse nonirritating d…
Miconazole (OTC preparation)
Metronidazole 500 mg PO BID for 7 days (per la rosa, but also…
Candidiasis
Clue cells (vaginal epithelial cells diffusely covered with b…
Treatment of Candida
Miconazole (OTC preparation)
Patient has a greenish colored dischar…
Metronidazole 500 mg PO BID for 7 days (per la rosa, but also…
45 terms
Gynecology
Cystitis
dysmenorrhea
Dyspareunia
Dysuria
infection of the urinary bladder
painful menstruation
painful sexual intercourse
painful urination often from cyctisis
Cystitis
infection of the urinary bladder
dysmenorrhea
painful menstruation
73 terms
Gynecology
Positive Nikulski sign?
Order of puberty stages?
Mature breast
Mature pubic hair?
Bullae that breaks with pressure
- Adrenarche: Appearance of pubic hair... - Gonardache: FSH and…
Papilla profects as areol recesses... NB: Stage areola and nippl…
Pubic hair extends to thigh
Positive Nikulski sign?
Bullae that breaks with pressure
Order of puberty stages?
- Adrenarche: Appearance of pubic hair... - Gonardache: FSH and…
25 terms
Gynecology
What type of breast lesion is typicall…
A 56-year-old G3P3 female presents wit…
What type of breast lesion typically p…
A 74-year-old G5P5 female presents wit…
b. fibroadenoma... Fibroadenomas are typically firm, discrete,…
b. cystocele... A cystocele is a defect in the anterior vaginal…
c. Paget's disease of the breast... Paget's disease of the brea…
b. enterocoele... Enteroceles are caused by an upper vaginal wa…
What type of breast lesion is typicall…
b. fibroadenoma... Fibroadenomas are typically firm, discrete,…
A 56-year-old G3P3 female presents wit…
b. cystocele... A cystocele is a defect in the anterior vaginal…
10 terms
gynecology
Candidiasis
Trichomonas vaginalis
Gardnerella vaginalis (bacterial vagin…
HPV
Name the disease:... Cottage cheese, pseudohyphae on KOH, PMHx o…
Name the disease:... Swimmers, pale green and frothy discharge a…
Name the disease:... malodorous discharge with fish smell, clue…
Name the disease:... warts, koilocytosis on Pap
Candidiasis
Name the disease:... Cottage cheese, pseudohyphae on KOH, PMHx o…
Trichomonas vaginalis
Name the disease:... Swimmers, pale green and frothy discharge a…
34 terms
Gynecology
A 45-year-old female presents complain…
If fertilization of an ovum occurs, wh…
Which of the following is a potential…
Which of the following is TRUE of the…
a. cystitis
b. Ischemic and menstrual
a. Sepsis
b. This is the normal site of fertilization of the ovum.
A 45-year-old female presents complain…
a. cystitis
If fertilization of an ovum occurs, wh…
b. Ischemic and menstrual
8 terms
Gynecology
Pap smear
Dyspareunia
Hysterectomy
HPV
Screening cytology test used to detect abnormal cells
Painful intercourse
Procedure to remove uterus
Human papillomavirus infection. Infection that causes warts i…
Pap smear
Screening cytology test used to detect abnormal cells
Dyspareunia
Painful intercourse
15 terms
Gynecology
Meno
Rrhagia
Top
Amnois
Menses
Burst forth
Place
Amnion
Meno
Menses
Rrhagia
Burst forth
14 terms
Gynecology
Labial Fusion
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
location of the hymen
imperforate hymen
associated with excess androgen exposure or ezymatic def (21…
21-hydroxylase def (all steroid precursors made into androgen…
at the junction betweent he urogenital sinua and sinovaginal…
results in obstruction to outflow tract of the repro system -…
Labial Fusion
associated with excess androgen exposure or ezymatic def (21…
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
21-hydroxylase def (all steroid precursors made into androgen…
39 terms
Gynecology
paturit/0-
estr/a-; estro/o-
gynec/o-
gestat/o-
To be in labor
Female
Female, woman
From conception to birth
paturit/0-
To be in labor
estr/a-; estro/o-
Female
42 terms
Gynecology
Hematocolpos association
Fibroids are responsive to which hormo…
Hematocolpos - definition
Septate uterus - embryologic cause
Association: Imperforate hymen
Estrogen & Progesterone
Definition: Blood filling vagina
Cause: Malfusion of the paramesonephric ducts
Hematocolpos association
Association: Imperforate hymen
Fibroids are responsive to which hormo…
Estrogen & Progesterone
35 terms
Gynecology
Menarche
Menopause
Proliferative phase
Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
Initial onset of menstruation (age 12-14)
Cessation of menstruation (age 47-50)
beginning of ovarian cycle; anterior pituitary hormones relea…
released by anterior pituitary; develops follicles in ovaries
Menarche
Initial onset of menstruation (age 12-14)
Menopause
Cessation of menstruation (age 47-50)
86 terms
Gynecology
Obstetrics
Ovaries
Fallopian Tubes
Uterus
Child birth
Flat oval shaped glands
transports an ovum from the ovary to the uterus
Womb
Obstetrics
Child birth
Ovaries
Flat oval shaped glands
94 terms
Gynecology
Alveoli (breast anatomy)
Proliferation of breasts and vulva occ…
Vagina
Uterine body
located at terminus of lobule, responsible for milk production
estrogen
Length—approximately 7 cm anterior, 10 cm posterior; Stratifi…
Average 5-8 cm for nulliparous woman (2-3 more for parous); C…
Alveoli (breast anatomy)
located at terminus of lobule, responsible for milk production
Proliferation of breasts and vulva occ…
estrogen
141 terms
Gynecology
Most important inquiries about menstru…
Parts of a sexual history
Precocious puberty
Delayed puberty
Irregular bleeding... Intermenstrual bleeding... Post-coital bleeding
Sexually active? When?... Lifetime number of partners... Partners'…
Pubarche or thelarche before 7 years of age in Caucasian girl…
Absent or incomplete breast development by the age of 12 yrs
Most important inquiries about menstru…
Irregular bleeding... Intermenstrual bleeding... Post-coital bleeding
Parts of a sexual history
Sexually active? When?... Lifetime number of partners... Partners'…
17 terms
Gynecology
Gynecology
Most common complaints (Gynecology)
Hx taking questions
Gynecological ABD Pain
- Branch of medicine that deals with womens health
- ABD Pain ... - Vaginal Bleeding (PV bleed)
- Pain ?... - Dysmenorrhea ... - Dyspareunia ... - Associated S/S ... -…
- Pelvic inflammatory disease ... - Ruptured ovarian cyst ... - Cys…
Gynecology
- Branch of medicine that deals with womens health
Most common complaints (Gynecology)
- ABD Pain ... - Vaginal Bleeding (PV bleed)
15 terms
Gynecology
A checkup
Lump
Tissue
To detect
Медосмотр
Опухоль, шишка
Ткань, салфетка
Определить
A checkup
Медосмотр
Lump
Опухоль, шишка
38 terms
Gynecology
Menopause definition
Perimenopause defintion
Menopausal transition
Vasomotor Symptoms of Menopause and th…
Complete cessation of ovulation and menses occurring after 12…
4-5 years prior to menopause when hormones wax and wane, lead…
GnRH increases, FSH surges, more follicles recruited, leading…
hot flashes, difficulty sleeping, night sweats, headache, pal…
Menopause definition
Complete cessation of ovulation and menses occurring after 12…
Perimenopause defintion
4-5 years prior to menopause when hormones wax and wane, lead…
40 terms
Gynecology
Adnexa
Gonads
oocyte
Ovary
Accessory organs that are connected to the main organ.
The ovaries or sex glands in females.
Immature egg int he follicle of the ovary.
small egg shaped gland near the end of the uterine tube.
Adnexa
Accessory organs that are connected to the main organ.
Gonads
The ovaries or sex glands in females.
Gynecology
ovarian torsion
endometriosus
adenomyosis
gardenella vaginalis
acute onset of abdominal pain with adnexal tenderness, sharp…
dysmenorrhea, dysparenunia, painful BMs, pelvic pain, inferti…
dysmenorrhea with menorrhagia with a diffusely enlarged uterus
mild vaginal inflmmation with thin, white, fishy odor dischar…
ovarian torsion
acute onset of abdominal pain with adnexal tenderness, sharp…
endometriosus
dysmenorrhea, dysparenunia, painful BMs, pelvic pain, inferti…
Gynecology
anovulation
ovarian cancer
polycystic ovary syndrome
salpingitis
failure of the ovaries to release a mature ovum at the time o…
cancerous tumor of an ovary
ovaries contain multiple cysts
inflammation or infection of the uterine tube
anovulation
failure of the ovaries to release a mature ovum at the time o…
ovarian cancer
cancerous tumor of an ovary
52 terms
Gynecology
amenorrhea
bacterial vaginosis
Bartholin abscess
Bartholin glands
...
...
...
...
amenorrhea
...
bacterial vaginosis
...
9 terms
gynecology
anatomy
physiology
embryology
anomalies &syndromes
...
...
...
...
anatomy
...
physiology
...
266 terms
Gynecology
What is Virchow's Triad?
What are VTE risk factors?
What is the prevalence of Factor V Lei…
How does Factor V leiden mutation caus…
Stasis... Endothelial injury... Hypercoagulability
Older age (i.e >40)... Surgery for malingancy... >30 minute surgery…
5%
activated protein C resistance
What is Virchow's Triad?
Stasis... Endothelial injury... Hypercoagulability
What are VTE risk factors?
Older age (i.e >40)... Surgery for malingancy... >30 minute surgery…
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