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Study sets matching "hall biology systems"

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Study sets matching "hall biology systems"

37 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 35 (Nervous System)
Action Potential
Addiction
Axon
Brain Stem
Reversal of charges across the cell membrane of a neuron; ner…
Uncontrollable dependence on a drug
Long fiber that carries impulses away from the cell body of a…
Structure that connects the brain and spinal cord; includes m…
Action Potential
Reversal of charges across the cell membrane of a neuron; ner…
Addiction
Uncontrollable dependence on a drug
25 terms
Hall-Intro to Biology
adaptation
biology
constant
control group
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
a factor that remains fixed during an experiment while the in…
in a controlled experiment, the group not receiving the facto…
adaptation
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
biology
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
33 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 35 (Nervous System)
Action Potential
Addiction
Axon
Brain Stem
Reversal of charges across the cell membrane of a neuron; ner…
Uncontrollable dependence on a drug
Long fiber that carries impulses away from the cell body of a…
Structure that connects the brain and spinal cord; includes m…
Action Potential
Reversal of charges across the cell membrane of a neuron; ner…
Addiction
Uncontrollable dependence on a drug
36 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 37 Circulatory/Respiratory Systems
myocardium
pulmonary circulation
systemic circulation
valves
thick layer of muscle of the heart
right side of the heart pumps blood from the heart to the lungs
left side of the heart pumps blood to the rest of the body
flaps of connective tissue between atria and ventricles
myocardium
thick layer of muscle of the heart
pulmonary circulation
right side of the heart pumps blood from the heart to the lungs
33 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 35 (Nervous System)
Action Potential
Addiction
Axon
Brain Stem
Reversal of charges across the cell membrane of a neuron; ner…
Uncontrollable dependence on a drug
Long fiber that carries impulses away from the cell body of a…
Structure that connects the brain and spinal cord; includes m…
Action Potential
Reversal of charges across the cell membrane of a neuron; ner…
Addiction
Uncontrollable dependence on a drug
56 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 35: Nervous System
Muscle Tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
Nervous Tissue
Tissue that controls the internal movement of materials in th…
Tissue that covers the surface of the body and lines internal…
Tissue that holds organs in place and binds different parts o…
Tissue that receives messages from the body's external and in…
Muscle Tissue
Tissue that controls the internal movement of materials in th…
Epithelial Tissue
Tissue that covers the surface of the body and lines internal…
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 35 (Nervous System)
Action Potential
Addiction
Axon
Brain Stem
Reversal of charges across the cell membrane of a neuron; ner…
Uncontrollable dependence on a drug
Long fiber that carries impulses away from the cell body of a…
Structure that connects the brain and spinal cord; includes m…
Action Potential
Reversal of charges across the cell membrane of a neuron; ner…
Addiction
Uncontrollable dependence on a drug
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 35 (Nervous System)
Action Potential
Addiction
Axon
Brain Stem
Reversal of charges across the cell membrane of a neuron; ner…
Uncontrollable dependence on a drug
Long fiber that carries impulses away from the cell body of a…
Structure that connects the brain and spinal cord; includes m…
Action Potential
Reversal of charges across the cell membrane of a neuron; ner…
Addiction
Uncontrollable dependence on a drug
32 terms
Biology Prentice Hall: Ecology
ecology
biosphere
species
population
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
a group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
groups of individuals that belong to the same species and liv…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
22 terms
Biology Prentice Hall: Ecology
ecology
biosphere
species
population
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
a group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
groups of individuals that belong to the same species and liv…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
27 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chap 12
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
the process in which one organism is changed by a gene or gen…
a virus that infects bacteria 12-1
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a pho…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine a…
transformation
the process in which one organism is changed by a gene or gen…
bacteriophage
a virus that infects bacteria 12-1
46 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 4 Vocab
weather
climate
greenhouse effect
polar zone
condition of earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
the average weather conditions in an area over a long period…
natural situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosp…
the region between 66.5 degrees and 90 degrees North and Sout…
weather
condition of earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
climate
the average weather conditions in an area over a long period…
25 terms
Hall-Intro to Biology
adaptation
biology
constant
control group
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
a factor that remains fixed during an experiment while the in…
in a controlled experiment, the group not receiving the facto…
adaptation
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
biology
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
25 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 40: The Immune System and Disease - Vocabulary
disease
pathogen
germ theory of disease
Koch's postulates
any change, other than an injury, that disrupts the normal fu…
disease-causing agent, such as a bacterium or fungus (p. 479,…
idea that infectious diseases are caused by microorgansims, o…
series of guidelines used to identify the microorgansim that…
disease
any change, other than an injury, that disrupts the normal fu…
pathogen
disease-causing agent, such as a bacterium or fungus (p. 479,…
15 terms
Respiratory System Vocabulary (Prentice Hall Biology: Chapter 37-3)
Cellular Respiration
Physiologic Respiration
Respiratory System
Pharynx
The release of energy from the breakdown of molecules in food…
The process by which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged…
System that brings about the exchange of oxygen and carbon di…
Tube at the back of the mouth; serves as a passageway for bot…
Cellular Respiration
The release of energy from the breakdown of molecules in food…
Physiologic Respiration
The process by which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged…
37 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7
Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
basic units of all forms of life
-all living things are made up of cells... -cells are the basic…
a thin flexible barrier around the cell, it provides support…
a strong around the cell membrane in plant cells
Cell
basic units of all forms of life
Cell Theory
-all living things are made up of cells... -cells are the basic…
Hall-Intro to Biology
adaptation
biology
constant
control group
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
a factor that remains fixed during an experiment while the in…
in a controlled experiment, the group not receiving the facto…
adaptation
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
biology
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
Hall-Intro to Biology
adaptation
biology
constant
control group
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
a factor that remains fixed during an experiment while the in…
in a controlled experiment, the group not receiving the facto…
adaptation
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
biology
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
20 terms
Prentice Hall Biology 38.2 The Digestive System Vocab Review
Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Physical/Mechanical Digestion
Extra cellular digestion
The process by which food is broken down.
Digestion that involves enzymes and acid.
Digestion that involves churning, chewing and peristalsis.
Digestion that takes place outside of cells.
Digestion
The process by which food is broken down.
Chemical Digestion
Digestion that involves enzymes and acid.
Hall-Intro to Biology
adaptation
biology
constant
control group
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
a factor that remains fixed during an experiment while the in…
in a controlled experiment, the group not receiving the facto…
adaptation
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
biology
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
40 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 7 Vocab
cell
cell theory
nucleus
eukaryotes
the basic units of life
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
cells that contain nuclei
cell
the basic units of life
cell theory
a fundamental theory stating that all living things are compo…
Hall-Intro to Biology
adaptation
biology
constant
control group
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
a factor that remains fixed during an experiment while the in…
in a controlled experiment, the group not receiving the facto…
adaptation
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
biology
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
Hall-Intro to Biology
adaptation
biology
constant
control group
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
a factor that remains fixed during an experiment while the in…
in a controlled experiment, the group not receiving the facto…
adaptation
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
biology
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
15 terms
Hall Biology Vocab #4
Genetic engineering
Phloem
Nutrients
Xylem
Moving or changing the genes of plants
The tubes in plant stems which conduct food from leaves throu…
Plant food elements
Conducting tissues (tubes) in plants which transports water a…
Genetic engineering
Moving or changing the genes of plants
Phloem
The tubes in plant stems which conduct food from leaves throu…
17 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 39-1/ 39-2 (Endocrine System)
Function of the Endocrine System?
hormones
target cells
receptors
Release products into the bloodstream and broadcast messages…
chemicals the travel through the bloodstream and affect the a…
cells that have receptors for a particular hormone
a molecule found on the surface of a cell, which receives che…
Function of the Endocrine System?
Release products into the bloodstream and broadcast messages…
hormones
chemicals the travel through the bloodstream and affect the a…
18 terms
Hall Biology Quizlet #2
Biotic
Abiotic
Consumers
Producers
Describes living factors in the environment.
A term that describes a nonliving factor in an ecosystem.
An organism that obtains energy and nutrients by feeding on o…
Organisms that make their own food
Biotic
Describes living factors in the environment.
Abiotic
A term that describes a nonliving factor in an ecosystem.
Hall Biology Quizlet #2
Biotic
Abiotic
Consumers
Producers
Describes living factors in the environment.
A term that describes a nonliving factor in an ecosystem.
An organism that obtains energy and nutrients by feeding on o…
Organisms that make their own food
Biotic
Describes living factors in the environment.
Abiotic
A term that describes a nonliving factor in an ecosystem.
41 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 37
myocardium
ventricle
atrium
pulmonary circulation
thick layer of muscle of the heart
lower chambers of the heart
upper chambers of the heart
right side of the heart pumps blood from the heart to the lungs
myocardium
thick layer of muscle of the heart
ventricle
lower chambers of the heart
31 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 11 Vocab
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
scientific study of heredity
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
25 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 40: The Immune System and Disease - Vocabulary
disease
pathogen
germ theory of disease
Koch's postulates
any change, other than an injury, that disrupts the normal fu…
disease-causing agent, such as a bacterium or fungus (p. 479,…
idea that infectious diseases are caused by microorgansims, o…
series of guidelines used to identify the microorgansim that…
disease
any change, other than an injury, that disrupts the normal fu…
pathogen
disease-causing agent, such as a bacterium or fungus (p. 479,…
31 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 5 Vocab
Population Density
Immigration
Emigration
Exponential Growth
the number of individuals per unit area
the movement of individuals into an area
the movement of individuals out of a area
when the individuals in a population reproduce at a constant…
Population Density
the number of individuals per unit area
Immigration
the movement of individuals into an area
42 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 9 Vocab
the amount of energy needed to raise t…
process in which one molecule of gluco…
1000 calories, used on food
process that releases energy by breaki…
calorie
gycolysis
Calorie
cellular respiration
the amount of energy needed to raise t…
calorie
process in which one molecule of gluco…
gycolysis
27 terms
Biology Prentice Hall Chapter 12 Vocab
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
the process in which one organism is changed by a gene or gen…
a virus that infects bacteria 12-1
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a pho…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine a…
transformation
the process in which one organism is changed by a gene or gen…
bacteriophage
a virus that infects bacteria 12-1
25 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 40: The Immune System and Disease - Vocabulary
disease
pathogen
germ theory of disease
Koch's postulates
any change, other than an injury, that disrupts the normal fu…
disease-causing agent, such as a bacterium or fungus (p. 479,…
idea that infectious diseases are caused by microorgansims, o…
series of guidelines used to identify the microorgansim that…
disease
any change, other than an injury, that disrupts the normal fu…
pathogen
disease-causing agent, such as a bacterium or fungus (p. 479,…
Hall-Intro to Biology
adaptation
biology
constant
control group
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
a factor that remains fixed during an experiment while the in…
in a controlled experiment, the group not receiving the facto…
adaptation
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
biology
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
15 terms
Respiratory System Vocabulary (Prentice Hall Biology: Chapter 37-3)
Cellular Respiration
Physiologic Respiration
Respiratory System
Pharynx
The release of energy from the breakdown of molecules in food…
The process by which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged…
System that brings about the exchange of oxygen and carbon di…
Tube at the back of the mouth; serves as a passageway for bot…
Cellular Respiration
The release of energy from the breakdown of molecules in food…
Physiologic Respiration
The process by which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged…
15 terms
Respiratory System Vocabulary (Prentice Hall Biology: Chapter 37-3)
Cellular Respiration
Physiologic Respiration
Respiratory System
Pharynx
The release of energy from the breakdown of molecules in food…
The process by which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged…
System that brings about the exchange of oxygen and carbon di…
Tube at the back of the mouth; serves as a passageway for bot…
Cellular Respiration
The release of energy from the breakdown of molecules in food…
Physiologic Respiration
The process by which oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged…
25 terms
Hall-Intro to Biology
adaptation
biology
constant
control group
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
a factor that remains fixed during an experiment while the in…
in a controlled experiment, the group not receiving the facto…
adaptation
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
biology
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
12 terms
Meiosis (Prentice Hall Biology)
Interphase 1:
Meiosis 1: Prophase 1:
Metaphase 1:
Anaphase 1:
Cells undergo a round of DNA replication, forming duplicate c…
Each chromosome pairs with its corresponding homologous chrom…
spindle fibers attach to the chromosomes.
The fibers pull the homologous chromosomes toward opposite en…
Interphase 1:
Cells undergo a round of DNA replication, forming duplicate c…
Meiosis 1: Prophase 1:
Each chromosome pairs with its corresponding homologous chrom…
20 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 2
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers. Ex:…
compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; major…
single sugar molecule Ex: Glucose
monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to f…
polymer
large compound formed from combinations of many monomers. Ex:…
Hall Biology Quizlet #2
Biotic
Abiotic
Consumers
Producers
Describes living factors in the environment.
A term that describes a nonliving factor in an ecosystem.
An organism that obtains energy and nutrients by feeding on o…
Organisms that make their own food
Biotic
Describes living factors in the environment.
Abiotic
A term that describes a nonliving factor in an ecosystem.
41 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 37
myocardium
ventricle
atrium
pulmonary circulation
thick layer of muscle of the heart
lower chambers of the heart
upper chambers of the heart
right side of the heart pumps blood from the heart to the lungs
myocardium
thick layer of muscle of the heart
ventricle
lower chambers of the heart
Chapter 40 ~The Immune System and Disease (Biology Prentice Hall Dragonfly)
disease
pathogen
germ theory of disease
Koch's postulates
any change, other than injury, that disrupts the normal funct…
disease-causing agent, such as a bacterium or fungus
idea that infectious diseases are caused by microorganisms, o…
series of guidelines used to identify the microorganism that…
disease
any change, other than injury, that disrupts the normal funct…
pathogen
disease-causing agent, such as a bacterium or fungus
18 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 7 Organelles
nucleus
organelles
cytoplasm
nuclear envelope
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
specialized structure that performs important cellular functi…
the portion of the cell outside the nucleus
layer of two membranes that surrounds the nucleus of a cell
nucleus
a large membrane enclosed structure that contains the cell's…
organelles
specialized structure that performs important cellular functi…
8 terms
Hall Literacy Biology Ch #14
fossil
paleontologist
law of superposition
geologic time scale
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock.
A scientist who studies fossils
The top rock layer and its fossils is the youngest and the bo…
A record of the geologic events and life forms in Earth's his…
fossil
A trace of an ancient organism that has been preserved in rock.
paleontologist
A scientist who studies fossils
Prentice Hall Biology chapter 4
weather
climate
greenhouse effect
polar zone
condition of earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
the average weather conditions in an area over a long period…
natural situation in which heat is retained in Earth's atmosp…
the region between 66.5 degrees and 90 degrees North and Sout…
weather
condition of earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place
climate
the average weather conditions in an area over a long period…
25 terms
Hall-Intro to Biology Kendall
adaptation
biology
constant
data
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
a factor that remains fixed during an experiment while the in…
quantitative or qualitative information gained from scientifi…
adaptation
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
biology
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
Hall-Intro to Biology
adaptation
biology
constant
control group
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
a factor that remains fixed during an experiment while the in…
in a controlled experiment, the group not receiving the facto…
adaptation
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
biology
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
25 terms
Hall-Intro to Biology
adaptation
biology
constant
control group
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
a factor that remains fixed during an experiment while the in…
in a controlled experiment, the group not receiving the facto…
adaptation
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
biology
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
32 terms
Biology Prentice Hall: Ecology
ecology
biosphere
species
population
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
a group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
groups of individuals that belong to the same species and liv…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
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