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Study sets matching "hall pap biology"

89 terms
PAP Biology Fall Semester Exam Review-Hall
List the seven taxa in order from king…
In Homo sapiens, what part is the genu…
Which are most closely related members…
developed the idea of natural selection
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
Genus: Homo... Species: Homo Sapiens
Genus
Charles Darwin
List the seven taxa in order from king…
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
In Homo sapiens, what part is the genu…
Genus: Homo... Species: Homo Sapiens
PAP BIOLOGY
Gene Pool
Allelic Frequency
Genetic Equilibrium
Genetic Drift
Populations genes together in a pool
% of any specific allele in the gene pool
Frequency of pop. remains the same over generations
Alteration of alleles frequencies by chance events
Gene Pool
Populations genes together in a pool
Allelic Frequency
% of any specific allele in the gene pool
20 terms
PAP-Biology
science
observation
inference
hypothesis
A body of evidence‐based knowledge gained through observation…
Process of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
A logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experie…
An educated guess
science
A body of evidence‐based knowledge gained through observation…
observation
Process of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
23 terms
PAP Biology Chapter 5 Review
Cell Cycle
Chromatids
Histones
Gap 1
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
Joined strands of duplicated genetic material.
DNA wraps around to condense to fit within the cell.
phase of the cell cycle that occupies most of the average cel…
Cell Cycle
The regular pattern of growth, DNA duplication, and cell divi…
Chromatids
Joined strands of duplicated genetic material.
32 terms
Unit 2 PAP Biology
All cells contain
The site of energy transfer of sun ene…
Structure that maintains turgor pressu…
What cell organelle is instrumental in…
ribosomes, cell membrane, cytoplasm and DNA/RNA
chloroplast
central vacuole
cell membrane because it's semi-permeable
All cells contain
ribosomes, cell membrane, cytoplasm and DNA/RNA
The site of energy transfer of sun ene…
chloroplast
12 terms
PAP Biology
Angio
Bryo
Phyte
Gymno
vessel
Moss
plant
naked
Angio
vessel
Bryo
Moss
13 terms
Biology PAP
Golgi apparatus
Vesicles
Mitochondria
Vacuole
Cell organelle that helps make and package materials to be tr…
In a eukaryotic cell; forms when part of the cell membrane su…
Supplies the energy to the cell
Organelle used to store materials such as food, water and enz…
Golgi apparatus
Cell organelle that helps make and package materials to be tr…
Vesicles
In a eukaryotic cell; forms when part of the cell membrane su…
12 terms
PAP Biology
Georges Cuvier
James Hutton
Charles Lyell
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
was a paleontologist who explained that the variety of organi…
proposed that layers of rock form very slowly, and some rocks…
wrote that the forces that shaped Earth's surface, such as vo…
was the first among scientists to recognize that living thing…
Georges Cuvier
was a paleontologist who explained that the variety of organi…
James Hutton
proposed that layers of rock form very slowly, and some rocks…
22 terms
PAP Biology
a, an
ab
alba (leuk)
ambul
not, without
away from
white
to walk
a, an
not, without
ab
away from
14 terms
Biology PAP
autotrophs
heterotrophs
biotic
abiotic
organisms that can capture energy from nonliving sources and…
must aquire energy from other organisms by eating them.
is any external factor that consists of other organisms, incl…
any nonliving external factor, such as sunlight, heat, precip…
autotrophs
organisms that can capture energy from nonliving sources and…
heterotrophs
must aquire energy from other organisms by eating them.
34 terms
Pap biology
Miller urey experiment
Deydration synthesis
Lipids
Hydrolysis
Make organic compounds w non organic material
2 molecules bond & create a water molecule
Unsaturated fats
Molecules separate
Miller urey experiment
Make organic compounds w non organic material
Deydration synthesis
2 molecules bond & create a water molecule
41 terms
Pap Biology
Taxonomy
Species
Phylum
Family
The branch of science converned with classification, especial…
A group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals…
A principal taxonomic category that ranks above class and bel…
All the descendants of a common ancestor.
Taxonomy
The branch of science converned with classification, especial…
Species
A group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals…
22 terms
PAP Biology
Homeostasis
Tissues
Compound light microscope
Cell
The matinence of a stable level of internal conditions even t…
Groups of cells that have similar abilities that allow the or…
A microscope that shines a light through a specimen and has t…
The smallest that cacn perform all life's processes is called…
Homeostasis
The matinence of a stable level of internal conditions even t…
Tissues
Groups of cells that have similar abilities that allow the or…
16 terms
PAP Biology
Characteristics of Life
Characteristics of Life 2
Levels of Organization from Micro to M…
Electronegativity
Use energy, regulate internal environment, respond to outside…
Reproduce, have DNA, have levels of organization, evolve
Molecule<Organelle<Cell<Tissue<Organ<Organ System<Organism<Po…
Affinity for electrons
Characteristics of Life
Use energy, regulate internal environment, respond to outside…
Characteristics of Life 2
Reproduce, have DNA, have levels of organization, evolve
47 terms
PAP Biology
biosphere
ecosystem
community
population
all of the environments on Earth that support life
which consists of all the organisms living in a particular ar…
the entire area of organisms in an ecosystems
includes all the individuals of a particular species living i…
biosphere
all of the environments on Earth that support life
ecosystem
which consists of all the organisms living in a particular ar…
55 terms
PAP biology test 1
biology is the study of...
any living thing is considered a...
living things are made up of one or mo…
cell definition
life
organism
cells
collection of living matter enclosed by a barrier that separa…
biology is the study of...
life
any living thing is considered a...
organism
25 terms
Hall-Intro to Biology
adaptation
biology
constant
control group
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
a factor that remains fixed during an experiment while the in…
in a controlled experiment, the group not receiving the facto…
adaptation
inherited characteristic of a species that develops over time…
biology
science of life; examines how living things interact, how sys…
9 terms
Biology PAP
Chemosynthesis
Photosynthesis
A few seconds
Constantly
Inorganic molecules converted to chemical energy (bacteria on…
Sunlight energy converted to chemical energy (glucose) ex. Au…
Cells can last how long because of the amount of ATP?
How long must ATP be made?
Chemosynthesis
Inorganic molecules converted to chemical energy (bacteria on…
Photosynthesis
Sunlight energy converted to chemical energy (glucose) ex. Au…
44 terms
PAP BIOLOGY
Science is best described as what?
Science differs from natural philosoph…
information gathered from watching a p…
which is not a goal of science?
A. The body of knowledge gathered by scientific studies... B. w…
testing explanations
data
to establish a collection of unchanging truths
Science is best described as what?
A. The body of knowledge gathered by scientific studies... B. w…
Science differs from natural philosoph…
testing explanations
20 terms
PAP Biology Chapter 1
Science
Observation
Inference
Hypothesis
A body of evidence‐based knowledge gained through observation…
Information obtained through the senses.
A conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning
An educated guess
Science
A body of evidence‐based knowledge gained through observation…
Observation
Information obtained through the senses.
33 terms
PAP Biology Ch 12
transformation
transduction
bacteriophage
base pairing
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
The binding of the signal molecule changes the receptor prote…
A virus that infects bacteria
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
transformation
Process in which one strain of bacteria is changed by a gene…
transduction
The binding of the signal molecule changes the receptor prote…
12 terms
PAP Biology
What is another word for enzyme?
What happens to phosphate when it deta…
What are some characteristics of ENDer…
What are some characteristics of EXerg…
catalyst
it becomes phosphorylated
products have more energy than reactants... less ordered to more…
reactants have more energy than products... more ordered to less…
What is another word for enzyme?
catalyst
What happens to phosphate when it deta…
it becomes phosphorylated
17 terms
PAP Biology
3 necessary things to make a protien?
What happens in Transcription?
Step 1?
Step 2?
a ribose, instructions, and amino acids
enzymes copy DNA to RNA
DNA unzips; DNA helicase breaks hydrogen bonds
base paired GC and AU
3 necessary things to make a protien?
a ribose, instructions, and amino acids
What happens in Transcription?
enzymes copy DNA to RNA
25 terms
Pap Biology
What is Ecology
What's a Herbivore
What's a Omnivore
What's a Carnivore
Study of organisms and how they interact
Plant eating
Eats plants and meat
Meat eating
What is Ecology
Study of organisms and how they interact
What's a Herbivore
Plant eating
96 terms
PAP Biology Unit 3
Vacuoles
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
In plant cells vacuoles also store nutrients, and regulates t…
Found in Eukaryotic cells. DNA is found here, in the chromoso…
Inside the nucleus, this organelle produces ribosomes.
Term for the cell gel - all the organelles float in this.
Vacuoles
In plant cells vacuoles also store nutrients, and regulates t…
Nucleus
Found in Eukaryotic cells. DNA is found here, in the chromoso…
135 terms
PAP Biology Unit 3
Vacuoles
Nucleus
Nucleolus
Cytoplasm
In plant cells vacuoles also store nutrients, and regulates t…
Found in Eukaryotic cells. DNA is found here, in the chromoso…
Inside the nucleus, this organelle produces ribosomes.
Term for the cell gel - all the organelles float in this.
Vacuoles
In plant cells vacuoles also store nutrients, and regulates t…
Nucleus
Found in Eukaryotic cells. DNA is found here, in the chromoso…
41 terms
PAP Biology: Ecology
Ecology
Habitat
Species
Niche
the study of the interactions of organisms with one another i…
Where an organism lives
organisms with similar DNA that can interbreed
the role of a species in it's environment
Ecology
the study of the interactions of organisms with one another i…
Habitat
Where an organism lives
32 terms
Biology Prentice Hall: Ecology
ecology
biosphere
species
population
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
a group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
groups of individuals that belong to the same species and liv…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
20 terms
PAP Biology Cell Parts
Nucleus
Nuclear Envelope
Nuclear Pores
Nucleolus
Largest; in center.
Double layer membrane that surrounds the nucleus.
Holes in the nuclear envelope.
Rounded structures inside the nucleus.
Nucleus
Largest; in center.
Nuclear Envelope
Double layer membrane that surrounds the nucleus.
38 terms
PAP Biology Quiz 1
archaea
bacteria
biology
biosphere
one of two prokaryotic domains, the other being Bacteria
one of two prokaryotic domains, the other being archaea
the scientific study of life
the entire portion of earth inhabited by life; the sum of all…
archaea
one of two prokaryotic domains, the other being Bacteria
bacteria
one of two prokaryotic domains, the other being archaea
214 terms
Fall PAP Biology Final
organelles
prokaryotes
eukaryotes
cell membrane
parts of cells with individual jobs or functions "little orga…
a microscopic single-celled organism that has neither a disti…
membrane-bound organelles (plants fungi protists animals)
controls what enters and leaves cell and maintains chemical b…
organelles
parts of cells with individual jobs or functions "little orga…
prokaryotes
a microscopic single-celled organism that has neither a disti…
22 terms
Biology Prentice Hall: Ecology
ecology
biosphere
species
population
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
a group of organisms so similar to one another that they can…
groups of individuals that belong to the same species and liv…
ecology
scientific study of interactions among organisms and between…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
32 terms
PAP Biology | Chapter 14
Habitat
Niche
Resource Availability
Competition
all aspects of the area (biotic & abiotic) in which an organi…
includes all of the factors that a species needs to survive,…
gives structure to the community
occurs when two species occupy the same niche or use resource…
Habitat
all aspects of the area (biotic & abiotic) in which an organi…
Niche
includes all of the factors that a species needs to survive,…
66 terms
Kingdoms Test - PAP Biology
members of the Kingdom fungi have cell…
members of the Kingdom plantae have ce…
members of the Kingdom eubacteria have…
an animal-like protist is also known a…
chitin
cellulose
peptidoglycan
protozoan
members of the Kingdom fungi have cell…
chitin
members of the Kingdom plantae have ce…
cellulose
16 terms
Viewing Cells--PAP Biology Reyes
Bacteria--Coccus (plueral cocci)
Bacteria--Bacillus
Bacteria--Spirullum
Prtoist--Amoeba
any bacterium that has a spherical, ovoid, or generally round…
any bacterium that is rod-shaped bacteria... Kingdom Bacteria…
any bacterium that is spiral-shaped bacteria ... Kingdom Bacter…
microscopic, single-celled animal that catches food and moves…
Bacteria--Coccus (plueral cocci)
any bacterium that has a spherical, ovoid, or generally round…
Bacteria--Bacillus
any bacterium that is rod-shaped bacteria... Kingdom Bacteria…
56 terms
PAP Biology Chap 8
in order to fit within a cell, DNA bec…
chromatids are
a protein disk that attaches two chrom…
which of the following is not a true d…
wrapping tightly around associated parts
duplicate halves of a chromosome
centromere
eukaryotic chromosomes contain DNA, while prokaryotic chromos…
in order to fit within a cell, DNA bec…
wrapping tightly around associated parts
chromatids are
duplicate halves of a chromosome
106 terms
PAP Biology Semester Exam
scientific method
control gorup
experimental group
interpret
1. Ask a question... 2. Research... 3. Hypothesis... 4. Test hypothesi…
the group in an experiment that is not receiving the factor b…
the group in an experiment that is receiving the factor being…
explain the meaning of... ex: "the evidence is difficult to inte…
scientific method
1. Ask a question... 2. Research... 3. Hypothesis... 4. Test hypothesi…
control gorup
the group in an experiment that is not receiving the factor b…
205 terms
Fall PAP Biology Final
Adaptation
Biology
Homeostasis
Development
A change or the process of change by which an organism or spe…
The study of living organisms, divided into many specialized…
The tendency toward a relatively stable equilibrium between i…
The study of the processes by which an organism develops from…
Adaptation
A change or the process of change by which an organism or spe…
Biology
The study of living organisms, divided into many specialized…
31 terms
PAP Biology Cell Transport
Selectively Permeable
Phospholipid Bilayer
Integral Proteins
Peripheral Proteins
a property of cell membranes that allows some substances to p…
double layer of phospholipids that makes up plasma and organe…
penetrate the hydrophobic core and often span the membrane
Bound to the inner or outer surfaces of the membrane and are…
Selectively Permeable
a property of cell membranes that allows some substances to p…
Phospholipid Bilayer
double layer of phospholipids that makes up plasma and organe…
15 terms
El Vocabulario 3A- PAP Spanish Prentice Hall Realidades
el centro
el consultorio
la estación de servicio
el buzón
downtown
doctor's/dentist's office
service station
mailbox
el centro
downtown
el consultorio
doctor's/dentist's office
29 terms
PAP Biology Chapter 13
RNA
Messenger RNA
Ribosomal RNA
Transfer RNA
A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes along genetic mess…
RNA that copies the coded message from DNA in the nucleus and…
type of RNA that combines with proteins to form ribosomes
type of RNA molecule that transfers amino acids to ribosomes…
RNA
A single-stranded nucleic acid that passes along genetic mess…
Messenger RNA
RNA that copies the coded message from DNA in the nucleus and…
27 terms
Prentice Hall Biology Chap 12
transformation
bacteriophage
nucleotide
base pairing
the process in which one organism is changed by a gene or gen…
a virus that infects bacteria 12-1
a monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a pho…
a principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine a…
transformation
the process in which one organism is changed by a gene or gen…
bacteriophage
a virus that infects bacteria 12-1
11 terms
PAP Biology Chapter 9
Calorie
Cellular Respiration
Aerobic
Anaerobic
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
Process that requires oxygen
Process that does not require oxygen
Calorie
Amount of energy needed to raise temperature 1 gram of water…
Cellular Respiration
Process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and oth…
15 terms
PAP Biology Vocabulary
Virus
Pathogen
Viroid
Prion
an infective agent that typically consists of a nucleic acid…
An agent that causes disease, especially a living microorgani…
an infectious agent of plants similar to a virus but consisti…
a disease-causing form of a normal protein called cellular pr…
Virus
an infective agent that typically consists of a nucleic acid…
Pathogen
An agent that causes disease, especially a living microorgani…
14 terms
PAP Biology Unit 4
Somatic Cell
Gamete
Homologous Chromosome
Autosome
Any cell in a multicellular organism except a sperm or egg ce…
Sex cells
Chromosomes that are similar in size, shape, and genetic cont…
Chromosomes that are not directly involved in determining the…
Somatic Cell
Any cell in a multicellular organism except a sperm or egg ce…
Gamete
Sex cells
175 terms
PAP Biology Fall 2015
Scientific method steps
independent variable
dependent variable
controls
Ask question... background research... create hypothesis ... test hypo…
variable that changes/maniplutated
variable measures-depends on independent variable
standards to compare your results
Scientific method steps
Ask question... background research... create hypothesis ... test hypo…
independent variable
variable that changes/maniplutated
15 terms
PAP Biology Chapter 17
Bacteria
Biodiversity
Cladogram
Dichotomous Key (Classification Key)
...
...
...
...
Bacteria
...
Biodiversity
...
16 terms
PAP Biology Organelle Pictures
Nucleus
Cytoskeleton
Cell Membrane and Extracellular Matrix…
Lysosome
Nucleus
Cytoskeleton
16 terms
PAP Biology Chapter 7 Vocabulary
microscope
plasma membrane
selective permiability
phospholipid bilayer
an optical instrument used for viewing very small objects, su…
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
property of membrane allowing certain materials to pass throu…
a two-layered arrangement of phosphate and lipid molecules th…
microscope
an optical instrument used for viewing very small objects, su…
plasma membrane
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
31 terms
PAP Biology Cell Transport
Selectively Permeable
Phospholipid Bilayer
Integral Proteins
Peripheral Proteins
a property of cell membranes that allows some substances to p…
double layer of phospholipids that makes up plasma and organe…
penetrate the hydrophobic core and often span the membrane
Bound to the inner or outer surfaces of the membrane and are…
Selectively Permeable
a property of cell membranes that allows some substances to p…
Phospholipid Bilayer
double layer of phospholipids that makes up plasma and organe…
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