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Study sets matching "hardware chapter 2"

20 terms
Chapter 2: Hardware
Byte
Cache
Chipset
Core
The unit of memory or storage that represents eight bits.
A form of high-speed memory that stores a small, frequently u…
A part of a motherboard that acts as a traffic director for d…
An individual processor inside a chip.
Byte
The unit of memory or storage that represents eight bits.
Cache
A form of high-speed memory that stores a small, frequently u…
a+ HARDWARE CHAPTER 2
eMMC
tape
RAID 5
Controller, Hard disk, Host bus adapter
smaller and less capable than SSDs, THIS flash-memory formats…
media is most commonly used when large amounts of data need t…
requires 3 or more drives and uses parity checking
3 Hard drive componets
eMMC
smaller and less capable than SSDs, THIS flash-memory formats…
tape
media is most commonly used when large amounts of data need t…
25 terms
Chapter 2 mindtap hardware
mouse
touchpad
joystick
solid state storage
you move this handheld device on a flat surface to manipulate…
A flat surface, often found on laptop computers, that can be…
A pointing device used primarily for computer gaming systems.
USB flash drives and camera memory cards are types of this __…
mouse
you move this handheld device on a flat surface to manipulate…
touchpad
A flat surface, often found on laptop computers, that can be…
40 terms
Computer Hardware Chapter 2
stored-program concept
word
data transfer instruction
address
the idea that instructions and data of many types can be stor…
the natural unit of access in a computer, usually a group of…
a command that moves data between memory and registers
a value used to delineate the location of a specific data ele…
stored-program concept
the idea that instructions and data of many types can be stor…
word
the natural unit of access in a computer, usually a group of…
52 terms
Chapter 2 - Hardware Basics
Input Devices
Output devices
Microprocessor or CPU
Memory and storage devices
Accept input from outside the world. e.g. keyboard, mouse, to…
Send information to the outside world e.g. speaker, printer,…
"Brain" of computer; processes information, performs arithmet…
Store information
Input Devices
Accept input from outside the world. e.g. keyboard, mouse, to…
Output devices
Send information to the outside world e.g. speaker, printer,…
17 terms
ITGS.hardware.chapter2
Hardware
ROM
types of biometrics
Active speakers
is a part of computer which can be seen and touch.
is a memory inside our computer which is written at the time…
Finger print, Voice recognition, Iris scanning, Retina scanni…
It require an additional energy source. These type of speaker…
Hardware
is a part of computer which can be seen and touch.
ROM
is a memory inside our computer which is written at the time…
39 terms
Chapter 2- Computer Hardware
The main circuit board inside the syst…
Hard drives and CD drives are types of…
A computer bit is made of 8 bytes of 0…
Biometrics is the science of identifyi…
True
False
False
True
The main circuit board inside the syst…
True
Hard drives and CD drives are types of…
False
20 terms
Chapter 2 Hardware
Byte
Cache
Chipset
Core
The unit of memory or storage that represents eight bits. It…
A form of high-speed memory that stores a small, frequently u…
A part of a motherboard that acts as a traffic director for d…
An individual processor inside a chip
Byte
The unit of memory or storage that represents eight bits. It…
Cache
A form of high-speed memory that stores a small, frequently u…
Chapter 2. Hardware
Input
Output
RAM
ROM
A hardware device used to input data into a computer system f…
...
Random Access Memory. Main memory of a computer that stores d…
Read Only Memory.
Input
A hardware device used to input data into a computer system f…
Output
...
56 terms
Chapter 2 hardware
hardware
the system unit
components inside the system unit
processing
tangible parts of a computer or digital device, and typically…
case that contains electronic components of the computer used…
processor, memory, adapter cards, drive bays, power supply
carries out the instructions provided by software using speci…
hardware
tangible parts of a computer or digital device, and typically…
the system unit
case that contains electronic components of the computer used…
20 terms
Chapter 2 --- Hardware
Byte
Cache
Chipset
Core
A collection of 8 bits. It is the amount required to store a…
A form of high speed memory that stores a small, frequently u…
They act as traffic directors for data that travels through w…
Multiple processors that some CPU's have
Byte
A collection of 8 bits. It is the amount required to store a…
Cache
A form of high speed memory that stores a small, frequently u…
14 terms
Chapter 2 - Hardware
CPU
ALU
CU
RAM
A device that executes instructions, calculations and process…
Arithmetic Logic Unit
Control Unit
Volatile Memory that is provided to programs in order to allo…
CPU
A device that executes instructions, calculations and process…
ALU
Arithmetic Logic Unit
14 terms
A+ hardware chapter 2
steps to work on computer
Step 1: planning and organize
step 2: open case and examine system
step 3: remove expansions
1. plan and organize... 2. open the computer case and examine sy…
1. notes to backtrack (draw and place screws)... 2. stay organiz…
1. backup data... 2. power down system... 3. press and hold down po…
1. diagram... 2. remove any wire or cable connected to the card…
steps to work on computer
1. plan and organize... 2. open the computer case and examine sy…
Step 1: planning and organize
1. notes to backtrack (draw and place screws)... 2. stay organiz…
20 terms
Chapter 2 Hardware
Byte
Cache
Chipset
core
An 8-bit binary number is referred to as
Reserved areas of memory in every computer that are used to s…
a collection of integrated circuits that form the set needed…
one single-core CPU can only perform one task at a time, whic…
Byte
An 8-bit binary number is referred to as
Cache
Reserved areas of memory in every computer that are used to s…
8 terms
Chapter 2 Hardware
Case Fan
Cooler
Front Panel Header
Front Panel Connectors
A fan inside a computer case used to draw air out of or into…
A cooling system that sits on top of a processor and consists…
A group of pins on a motherboard that connect to wires that a…
A group of wires running from the front of the computer case…
Case Fan
A fan inside a computer case used to draw air out of or into…
Cooler
A cooling system that sits on top of a processor and consists…
128 terms
ITGS Chapter 2 Hardware
Desktop computer
Embedded Systems
Home theatre PC
Laptop
Typical computer system with a separate screen and system unit.
Computer system hidden inside another device, such as a car e…
Computer with multimedia capabilities designed specifically f…
Portable computers that come in many shapes and sizes.
Desktop computer
Typical computer system with a separate screen and system unit.
Embedded Systems
Computer system hidden inside another device, such as a car e…
20 terms
Chapter 2 hardware
Byte
Cache
Chipset
Core
The unit of memory or storage that represents eight bits. It…
form of high-speed memory that stores a small, frequently use…
A part of a motherboard that acts as a traffic director for d…
An individual processor inside a chip.
Byte
The unit of memory or storage that represents eight bits. It…
Cache
form of high-speed memory that stores a small, frequently use…
Chapter 2 : Computing Hardware
CPU
3 Main Parts of the CPU : Control Unit
3 Main Parts of the CPU : The Immediat…
3 Main Parts of the CPU : The Arithmet…
Fetch Decode Execute (FDE) Cycle... Fetch... Address of next i…
Control Unit has 3 main jobs:... - Controls and monitors hardw…
Needed because the backing store (e.g. the hard disk) is much…
Has 2 parts:... - Completes arithmetic calculations (e.g. 2+3)... -…
CPU
Fetch Decode Execute (FDE) Cycle... Fetch... Address of next i…
3 Main Parts of the CPU : Control Unit
Control Unit has 3 main jobs:... - Controls and monitors hardw…
20 terms
Chapter 2 hardware
Byte
Cache
Chipset
Core
The unit of memory or storage that represents eight bits. It…
Refers to a form of high-speed memory that stores a small, fr…
A part of motherboard that acts as a traffic director for data.
An individual processor inside a chip.
Byte
The unit of memory or storage that represents eight bits. It…
Cache
Refers to a form of high-speed memory that stores a small, fr…
32 terms
Chapter 2: Hardware
system unit
motherboard
chipsets
ports
the main component of a desktop computer; houses critical par…
largest circuit bored in personal computer
act as traffic directors for data
plugs (USB port is most popular)
system unit
the main component of a desktop computer; houses critical par…
motherboard
largest circuit bored in personal computer
39 terms
Chapter 2: Computer Hardware
Define computer hardware.
Give four general examples of what com…
What's computer architecture?
How and where are all data and instruc…
The physical parts of a computer system.
Processing devices, storage devices, output devices and input…
How the inside of a computer is structured.
They're stored as binary in R.A.M
Define computer hardware.
The physical parts of a computer system.
Give four general examples of what com…
Processing devices, storage devices, output devices and input…
10 terms
Chapter 2 Hardware
System Unit
Motherboard
chipset
Central Processing Unit (CPU)
Main Component of a desktop computer which houses the compute…
Largest circuit board in a personal computer
traffic directors for all data
microprocessor or main processor of a computer
System Unit
Main Component of a desktop computer which houses the compute…
Motherboard
Largest circuit board in a personal computer
10 terms
Chapter 2: Hardware
CPU Central Processing Unit
Chipset
Drives
Media
The main processor of the computer.
A part of the motherboard that acts as the traffic director f…
A device that can read, write, and erase data.
The physical location where things are stored
CPU Central Processing Unit
The main processor of the computer.
Chipset
A part of the motherboard that acts as the traffic director f…
22 terms
ISBB Chapter 2 - Hardware
Binary
Bit
Bluetooth
Bus
A number expressed in the binary numeral system, representing…
The smallest unit of data in a computer represented by one or…
A wireless technology standard for exchanging data over short…
The electrical connection between different computer componen…
Binary
A number expressed in the binary numeral system, representing…
Bit
The smallest unit of data in a computer represented by one or…
20 terms
chapter 2 hardware
biometrics
Blu-ray disk
contrast radio
dots per inch
An automated method of recognizing a person based on physical…
high density, single layer capacity of 25 GB, dual layer 50 GB
Measures how close the monitor can get to the brightest white…
how many drops of ink for a inkjet printer are on the page pe…
biometrics
An automated method of recognizing a person based on physical…
Blu-ray disk
high density, single layer capacity of 25 GB, dual layer 50 GB
41 terms
ITGS Hardware Chapter 2 Terms
architecture
ASCII
backward compatible
bay
Design that determines how individual components of the CPU a…
American Standard Code for Information Interchange, a code th…
Able to run software written for older CPUs. Also, when refer…
An open area in the system box for disk drives and other peri…
architecture
Design that determines how individual components of the CPU a…
ASCII
American Standard Code for Information Interchange, a code th…
20 terms
Chapter 2: Input And Output Hardware
Biometrics
Blu-Ray disc (BD)
Contrast ratio
Dots Per Inch (DPI)
The measurement of patterns or characteristics found in the h…
The latest optical storage technology, which typically stores…
measures how close the monitor can get to the biggest white a…
A measurement of image quality for printers.
Biometrics
The measurement of patterns or characteristics found in the h…
Blu-Ray disc (BD)
The latest optical storage technology, which typically stores…
20 terms
Chapter 2 Input and Output Hardware
Biometrics
Blue-ray disk (BD)
Contrast ratio
Dots per inch
The measurements of patterns or characteristics found in the…
The latest optical storage technology, which typically stores…
Measures how close the monitor can get to the brightest white…
A measurements of the image quality for printers.
Biometrics
The measurements of patterns or characteristics found in the…
Blue-ray disk (BD)
The latest optical storage technology, which typically stores…
22 terms
Chapter 2 - Computing Hardware - The CPU
Computer Architecture
Bianary
CPU
Control Unit
The internal, logical structure and organisation of the compu…
A system of numbers using only 2 digits 0 and 1 (also called…
Central Processing Unit of the computer containing the contro…
The control unit works with the CPU to control the flow of da…
Computer Architecture
The internal, logical structure and organisation of the compu…
Bianary
A system of numbers using only 2 digits 0 and 1 (also called…
9 terms
Chapter 2: Computer Hardware
Binary
Bit
Byte
File
Having only two states, such as representing data with only 0…
The smallest unit of data that computer can recognize
Eight bits grouped together
A named collection of bytes that is stored on computer hardware
Binary
Having only two states, such as representing data with only 0…
Bit
The smallest unit of data that computer can recognize
128 terms
ITGS Chapter 2 Hardware
Desktop computer
Embedded Systems
Home theatre PC
Laptop
Typical computer system with a separate screen and system unit.
Computer system hidden inside another device, such as a car e…
Computer with multimedia capabilities designed specifically f…
Portable computers that come in many shapes and sizes.
Desktop computer
Typical computer system with a separate screen and system unit.
Embedded Systems
Computer system hidden inside another device, such as a car e…
62 terms
Chapter 2 Hardware CIS
Hardware
The System Unit
Processing
Transistor
refers to the tangible parts of a computer or digital device,…
case that contains electronic components of the computer used…
carries out the instructions provided by software using speci…
an electronics component typically composed of a silicon that…
Hardware
refers to the tangible parts of a computer or digital device,…
The System Unit
case that contains electronic components of the computer used…
125 terms
Chapter 2 - Computer Hardware
Access time
Benchmarks
Black screen of death
Blu-ray
The estimated time for a storage device to locate data on a d…
A set of tests used to measure computer hardware or software…
An error condition in which a PC "freezes" and displays a bla…
A high-capacity storage technology that stores up to 25 GB pe…
Access time
The estimated time for a storage device to locate data on a d…
Benchmarks
A set of tests used to measure computer hardware or software…
59 terms
Chapter 2 - Computer Hardware
Peripheral device
System unit
Desktop computer
Portable computer
Designated input, output, and storage equipment that might be…
The case that holds the computer's main circuit boards, micro…
Fits on a desk and runs on power from an electrical wall outlet
A small, lightweight personal computer with screen, keyboard,…
Peripheral device
Designated input, output, and storage equipment that might be…
System unit
The case that holds the computer's main circuit boards, micro…
39 terms
CIS Chapter 2: Hardware
Hardware
The System Unit
Processing
Transistor
the tangible parts of a computer or digital device, and typic…
Case that contains electronic components of the computer used…
carries out the instructions provided by software using speci…
electronics component typically composed of silicon that open…
Hardware
the tangible parts of a computer or digital device, and typic…
The System Unit
Case that contains electronic components of the computer used…
29 terms
Chapter 2: Computer Hardware
The system unit consists of...
Form factor
Home computer system
Gaming system
hard drive, microprocessor
the size and dimensions of a component, such as a system boar…
offers a computer configuration designed to accommodate consu…
some of the most cutting-edge computers
The system unit consists of...
hard drive, microprocessor
Form factor
the size and dimensions of a component, such as a system boar…
10 terms
Chapter 2 - Computer Hardware
Hardware
CPU
Clock speed
RAM
Physical Components of a computer system
Central Processing unit, carries out all the processing it ha…
The operating speed that is measured in hertz (Hz)
Random Access Memory, stores programs and data used by the co…
Hardware
Physical Components of a computer system
CPU
Central Processing unit, carries out all the processing it ha…
36 terms
Chapter 2 - Computer hardware
Hardware
Hardware components
Computer architecture
von Neumann
the physical components of a computer system
input, output, storage and processors
the internal logical structure and organization of hardware
architecture that is the basis of all modern digital computers
Hardware
the physical components of a computer system
Hardware components
input, output, storage and processors
101 terms
Chapter 2- Computer Hardware
Peripheral Device
System Unit
Desktop Computer
Portable Computer
A component or equipment, such as a printer, that expands a c…
The case or box that contains the computer's power supply, st…
A computer that is small enough to fit on a desk and built ar…
Any type of computer, such as a laptop com- puter, that runs…
Peripheral Device
A component or equipment, such as a printer, that expands a c…
System Unit
The case or box that contains the computer's power supply, st…
28 terms
Chapter 2: Computing Hardware
Computer architecture
Binary
CPU
Control Unit
The internal logical structure and organisation of the comput…
A system of numbers using only two digits, called the base 2…
Central processing unit of the computer containing the contro…
Works with the CPU to control the flow of data within the sys…
Computer architecture
The internal logical structure and organisation of the comput…
Binary
A system of numbers using only two digits, called the base 2…
125 terms
Chapter 2 - Computer Hardware
Access time
Benchmarks
Black screen of death
Blu-ray
The estimated time for a storage device to locate data on a d…
A set of tests used to measure computer hardware or software…
An error condition in which a PC "freezes" and displays a bla…
A high-capacity storage technology that stores up to 25 GB pe…
Access time
The estimated time for a storage device to locate data on a d…
Benchmarks
A set of tests used to measure computer hardware or software…
65 terms
Chapter 2 - Computer Hardware
Peripheral Device
System Unit
Desktop Computer
Portable Computer
A component or equipment, such as a printer, that expands a c…
The case or box that contains the computer's power supply, st…
A computer that is small enough to fit on a desk and built ar…
Any type of computer, such as a laptop, that runs on batterie…
Peripheral Device
A component or equipment, such as a printer, that expands a c…
System Unit
The case or box that contains the computer's power supply, st…
21 terms
ICT - Chapter 2 - Hardware
CPU
RAM
Motherboard
Peripherals
Central Processing Unit.
Random Access Memory.
A printed circuit board that holds the main aspects of a comp…
Additional Components
CPU
Central Processing Unit.
RAM
Random Access Memory.
160 terms
ITGS Chapter 2 - Hardware
clock speed
American Standard Code for Information…
ASCII
bar code scanners
Speed of a processor, in ticks per second.
Encoding system to store text, where one byte is used for eac…
Encoding system to store text, where one byte is used for eac…
Input device that uses a laser to read a bar code.
clock speed
Speed of a processor, in ticks per second.
American Standard Code for Information…
Encoding system to store text, where one byte is used for eac…
83 terms
Chapter 2: Computer Hardware
Peripheral Device
System Unit
Form Factor
Tower Units
equipment that might be added to a computer system to enhance…
the case that holds the coputer's main circuit boards, microp…
the size and dimensions of a component
the form factor of choice for computer owners who might want…
Peripheral Device
equipment that might be added to a computer system to enhance…
System Unit
the case that holds the coputer's main circuit boards, microp…
76 terms
Chapter 2-Hardware
3D printer
biometrics
bit
Blu-ray disc (BD)
A printer that can create a three-dimensional object made of…
The measurement of patterns or characteristics found in the h…
A fundamental unit of computing that is represented as an on…
The latest optical storage technology, which typically stores…
3D printer
A printer that can create a three-dimensional object made of…
biometrics
The measurement of patterns or characteristics found in the h…
35 terms
ITGS Chapter 2 Hardware
Hardware
Supercomputers
Multiprocessing
Processors
The tangible, physical parts of the computer which work toget…
The largest, fastest, most powerful and most expensive comput…
A system with more than one processor, to increase its perfom…
Hardware responsible for processing all instructions the comp…
Hardware
The tangible, physical parts of the computer which work toget…
Supercomputers
The largest, fastest, most powerful and most expensive comput…
65 terms
Chapter 2: Hardware and Software
hardware
central processing unit (CPU)
arithmetic/logic unit (ALU)
control unit
the physical components of a computer that perform the input,…
the part of the computer that consists of three associated el…
the part of the CPU that performs mathematical calculations a…
the part of the CPU that sequentially accesses program instru…
hardware
the physical components of a computer that perform the input,…
central processing unit (CPU)
the part of the computer that consists of three associated el…
77 terms
Chapter 2 "Hardware" Vocabulary
3D printer
Biometrics
Bit
Blu-ray disc (BD)
A printer that can create a three-dimensional object made of…
The measurement of patterns or characteristics found in the h…
A fundamental unit of computing that is represented as an on…
The latest optical storage technology, which typically stores…
3D printer
A printer that can create a three-dimensional object made of…
Biometrics
The measurement of patterns or characteristics found in the h…
65 terms
Chapter 2: Hardware and Software
hardware
central processing unit (CPU)
arithmetic/logic unit (ALU)
control unit
the physical components of a computer that perform the input,…
the part of the computer that consists of three associated el…
the part of the CPU that performs mathematical calculations a…
the part of the CPU that sequentially accesses program instru…
hardware
the physical components of a computer that perform the input,…
central processing unit (CPU)
the part of the computer that consists of three associated el…
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