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Study sets matching "hbiology9"

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Study sets matching "hbiology9"

79 terms
HBiology Ch. 9 Test Review
one of the alternative forms of a gene…
a condition in which both alleles for…
a relationship in which one allele is…
a reproductive process in which pollen…
allele
codominance
complete dominance
cross-pollination
one of the alternative forms of a gene…
allele
a condition in which both alleles for…
codominance
30 terms
HBiology Chapter 9 Vocab
Genetics
Heredity
Trait
Pollination
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
a genetically determined variant of a characteristic
the transfer of pollen from the male reproductive structures…
Genetics
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
Heredity
the passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring
38 terms
Hbiology: Chapter 9 Test
Why are fatal disorders quickly elimin…
What did Mendel use to study Heredity?
What is theory of pangenesis and who c…
What is the name for a trait that is d…
The disorder kills the victim before they can reproduce
Peas
Particles called pangenes move from the body to eggs or sperm…
Polygenic Inheritance
Why are fatal disorders quickly elimin…
The disorder kills the victim before they can reproduce
What did Mendel use to study Heredity?
Peas
35 terms
HBiology Cells and Microscope 12/9
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
Choloroplasts
Chromosomes
*only in plants... Surrounds the cell membrane provides support…
Controls what enters and leaves the cell
*only in plants ... Absorbs sunlight and converts it to food
Contains dna ... Stores information
Cell Wall
*only in plants... Surrounds the cell membrane provides support…
Cell Membrane
Controls what enters and leaves the cell
11 terms
Cells/Microscopes Exam HBiology9
What do you multiply by to find the to…
Most of a cell's enzymes are..
Plasma membranes are permeable to..
____ cells lack a membrane-enclosed nu…
Ocular lense
Proteins
large hydrophilic molecules
Prokaryotic
What do you multiply by to find the to…
Ocular lense
Most of a cell's enzymes are..
Proteins
22 terms
HBiology-Ecology 9/19/15
Abiotic Factors
Biotic Factors
Autotroph
Biosphere
Nonliving parts of the enviroment
All living organisms inhabiting the Earth
Another name for a producer- make their own food, plants, bot…
Life supporting portions of the Earth including air,land,wate…
Abiotic Factors
Nonliving parts of the enviroment
Biotic Factors
All living organisms inhabiting the Earth
53 terms
HBiology Ch. 8
the region of the chromosome that hold…
any chromosome that isn't a sex chromo…
reproduction in which gametes from two…
a haploid reproductive cell that unite…
centromere
autosome
sexual reproduction
gamete
the region of the chromosome that hold…
centromere
any chromosome that isn't a sex chromo…
autosome
109 terms
Hbiology midterm
subscrpit
chemical formula
isotopes
chemical bonds
number of atoms of each element in a molecule
tells you what elements are in each molecule and how many ato…
Atoms of the same element that differ in their number of neut…
are the attraction, sharing, or transfer of valence electrons…
subscrpit
number of atoms of each element in a molecule
chemical formula
tells you what elements are in each molecule and how many ato…
8 terms
DCA HBio Ch4 Vocabulary
exponential growth
carrying capacity
density-dependent factor
density-independent factor
as a population gets larger-it grows faster
# or organisms of 1 species and environment can support
factor such as disease, parasites, or food that has an increa…
factor such as temp, storms, floods, drought that affects all…
exponential growth
as a population gets larger-it grows faster
carrying capacity
# or organisms of 1 species and environment can support
14 terms
Chapter 1.1 Vocabulary
adaptation
biology
development
energy
evolution of structure, behavior, or internal process that en…
the study of life
all of the changes that take place during the life of an orga…
the ability to do work
adaptation
evolution of structure, behavior, or internal process that en…
biology
the study of life
11 terms
DCA-Honors Biology Chapter 9 Vocabulary
Lactic acid fermentation
ATP
Glycolysis
Anaerobic
Process that supplies energy when oxygen is scarce
Energy storing molecule in cells composed of an adenosine mol…
Series of anaerobic chemical reactions in the cytoplasm that…
Chemical reaction that does not require the presence of oxygen
Lactic acid fermentation
Process that supplies energy when oxygen is scarce
ATP
Energy storing molecule in cells composed of an adenosine mol…
25 terms
HBio Ch2 Review
carnivore
ecology
population
community
meat eater
study of interactions among organisms & their environment
group of organisms of 1 species that interbreed & live in sam…
collection of several interacting populations that inhabit a…
carnivore
meat eater
ecology
study of interactions among organisms & their environment
20 terms
Honors Biology Ch. 2 Vocab 7th
abiotic factor
biosphere
biotic factor
commensalism
the nonliving parts of an organism's enviroment
the portion of Earth that supports life.
all the living organisms that inhabit an enviroment
a symbiotic relationship in which one species benefits and th…
abiotic factor
the nonliving parts of an organism's enviroment
biosphere
the portion of Earth that supports life.
14 terms
H Biology Chapter 5 Word Roots
hyper-
hypo-
iso-
poly-
above, over
below, under
equal
many
hyper-
above, over
hypo-
below, under
21 terms
Organelles Function
Create proteins for cell growth and re…
A membrane system covered in ribosomes.
A membrane system that acts as the int…
Processes, packages and stores fats an…
Ribosomes
Rough ER
Smooth ER
Golgi Bodies
Create proteins for cell growth and re…
Ribosomes
A membrane system covered in ribosomes.
Rough ER
20 terms
Biology:Elements:Numbers
hydrogen
helium
lithium
beryllium
1
2
3
4
hydrogen
1
helium
2
42 terms
Honors Biology - Root Words A-Cyt AND Vocab 1&2
biology
organization
cell
unicellular
the study of life
high degree of order within an organism's internal and extern…
smallest unit that can perform all of life's processes
organism's made up of one cell
biology
the study of life
organization
high degree of order within an organism's internal and extern…
23 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Passive Transport
Diffusion
Concentration Gradient
Equilibrium
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
a difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
in biology, a state that exists when the concentration of a s…
Passive Transport
the movement of substances across a cell membrane without the…
Diffusion
the movement of particles from regions of higher density to r…
44 terms
H Biology: Ch.4 Vocab and Word Roots
cell
cell theory
plasma or cell membrane
cytoplasm
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; are co…
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
the cell's outer boundary
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; are co…
cell theory
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
20 terms
H Biology: Chapter 6 Vocab
caroteniod
CAM pathway
C4 pathway
calvin cycle
class of pigments that are present in the thylakoid membrane…
water-conserving, carbon-fixing process; these plants take in…
carbon-fixing process in which carbon dioxide is bound to a c…
biochemical pathway of photosynthesis in which carbon dioxide…
caroteniod
class of pigments that are present in the thylakoid membrane…
CAM pathway
water-conserving, carbon-fixing process; these plants take in…
34 terms
H Biology Chapter 8 Vocabulary
chromosome (eukaryotic cell)
centromere
autosome
karyotype
one of the structures in the nucleus that are made up of DNA…
the region of the chromosome that hold the 2 sister chromatid…
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
a micrograph of the array of chromosomes visible in a cell du…
chromosome (eukaryotic cell)
one of the structures in the nucleus that are made up of DNA…
centromere
the region of the chromosome that hold the 2 sister chromatid…
17 terms
H Biology: Chapter 7 Vocab
cellular respiration
pyruvic acid
NADH
anaerobic
the process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates;…
the three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
the reduced form of NAD+; an electron-carrying molecule that…
describes a process that does not require oxygen
cellular respiration
the process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates;…
pyruvic acid
the three-carbon compound that is produced during glycolysis…
92 terms
H Biology: Chapter 5 Test (Notes, Vocab, Word Roots, Test Review Open Response Questions)
the movement of substances across a ce…
the movement of particles from regions…
a difference in the concentration of a…
in biology, a state that exists when t…
passive transport
diffusion
concentration gradient
equilibrium
the movement of substances across a ce…
passive transport
the movement of particles from regions…
diffusion
100 terms
H Biology Chapter 4 Test
the smallest unit that can perform all…
states that all living things are made…
cell membrane, the cell's outer boundary
the region of the cell within the memb…
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
the smallest unit that can perform all…
cell
states that all living things are made…
cell theory
34 terms
Biology Ch. 3 Cell Structure and Function
1. Cell Theory
2. Cytoplasm
3. Organelle
4. Prokaryotic Cell
Theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
Jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
Membrane-bound structure that is specialized to perform a dis…
Cell that does not have a nucleus or other membrane-bound org…
1. Cell Theory
Theory that states that all organisms are made of cells, all…
2. Cytoplasm
Jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and…
48 terms
H Biology CH.2 Vocab and Word Roots
organic compound
functional group
monomer
polymer
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon, excluding…
the portion of a molecule that is active in a chemical reacti…
a simple molecule that can combine with other like or unlike…
a large molecule that is formed by more than five monomers, o…
organic compound
a covalently bonded compound that contains carbon, excluding…
functional group
the portion of a molecule that is active in a chemical reacti…
87 terms
Honors Biology: Chapter 1 Test- Notes, Vocab, Word Roots
_______- way of investgating the world…
_______- study of living things
name four uses of biological knowledge
what was the leading cause of death 10…
science
biology
fight diseases, understanding the human genome, preserving th…
flu and pneumonia
_______- way of investgating the world…
science
_______- study of living things
biology
20 terms
3.3-3.6
molecules
macromolecules
polymers
monomers
The four main classes of large biological __________ are carb…
Some molecules are gigantic, so scientists call them ________…
Cells make most of their large molecules by joining smaller o…
The units that serve as the building blocks of polymers are c…
molecules
The four main classes of large biological __________ are carb…
macromolecules
Some molecules are gigantic, so scientists call them ________…
80 terms
Biology Ch. 6&7 Test
an organelle found in plants where pho…
a stack of thylakoids in the chloroplast
the solution that surrounds thylakoids…
the process by which plants, algae, an…
chloroplast
granum
stroma
photosynthesis
an organelle found in plants where pho…
chloroplast
a stack of thylakoids in the chloroplast
granum
24 terms
3.7-3.8
polysaccharides
starch
helix
glycogen
__________ are polymers of monosaccharides linked together by…
_______, a storage polysaccharide in the roots and other tiss…
Starch molecules coil into the shape of a ______ because of t…
Animals store excess sugar in the form of another glucose pol…
polysaccharides
__________ are polymers of monosaccharides linked together by…
starch
_______, a storage polysaccharide in the roots and other tiss…
37 terms
3.1-3.2
organic compounds
4
structural formula
ball and stick
Carbon-based molecules are called __________.
Carbon completes its outer shell by sharing electrons with ot…
In a molecule of methane, the ___________ shows that covalent…
The ___________ model indicates the angles of the molecule's…
organic compounds
Carbon-based molecules are called __________.
4
Carbon completes its outer shell by sharing electrons with ot…
13 terms
cell structure/ location/ function
Plasma Membrane
Lysosomes
Mitochondria
Microvilli
Location- External Boundary of the cell... Function- Confines ce…
Location- Scattered in cytoplasm ... Function- Digest ingested m…
Location- Scattered throughout the cell ... Function- Control re…
Location- Projections of plasma membrane ... Function- increase…
Plasma Membrane
Location- External Boundary of the cell... Function- Confines ce…
Lysosomes
Location- Scattered in cytoplasm ... Function- Digest ingested m…
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