Study sets matching "hd prelim"

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Study sets matching "hd prelim"

158 terms
HD 3490 Prelim 3
Defn: Social Identity
Defn: Contingencies of Social Identity
Defn: Mindlessness
Self-consciousness disappears and sens…
The part of our personal identity that comes from our group m…
The cues within particular settings that tell people they are…
Characterized by: ... -An entrapment in old categories. -Automat…
you are in a state of flow
Defn: Social Identity
The part of our personal identity that comes from our group m…
Defn: Contingencies of Social Identity
The cues within particular settings that tell people they are…
78 terms
HD 1150 Prelim 2
Piaget's Object Permanence Theory
At what stage does Piaget's Theory dis…
Stages 1 and 2
Stage 3
if the infants cannot see the object, the object does not exist
stage 4
infants won't follow an object that disappears
anticipatory looking, reaches for partially covered object
Piaget's Object Permanence Theory
if the infants cannot see the object, the object does not exist
At what stage does Piaget's Theory dis…
stage 4
HD Prelim 1
Pavlov
Classical Conditioning
Behaviorism
Skinner
Set the foundation for classical conditioning
It is possible to create an association between two irrelevan…
Environment plays a huge role ... Says nothing about knowledge,…
Came up with theory of operant conditioning
Pavlov
Set the foundation for classical conditioning
Classical Conditioning
It is possible to create an association between two irrelevan…
97 terms
HD 3490 Prelim 1
What was the main finding from the nun…
Martin Seligman
What's the Duchenne smile?
What's the adaptive value of negative…
Nuns were asked to write personal essays reflecting on their…
Founder (named) positive psychology; Chairman of the APA. Pre…
Shows genuine happiness (as opposed to a fake smile). Smiling…
Lead to very specific reactions. Fear leads to escape; anger…
What was the main finding from the nun…
Nuns were asked to write personal essays reflecting on their…
Martin Seligman
Founder (named) positive psychology; Chairman of the APA. Pre…
HD 3620 Prelim 1
Majpr Histocompatibility Complex
What is Oxytocin?
When does Oxytocin increase?
Secondary Drive Theory- When was it po…
someone with a different immunity at the genetic level is mor…
important hormone in both infant and romantic partners
When you cuddle; helps you form an attachment
Before 1950
Majpr Histocompatibility Complex
someone with a different immunity at the genetic level is mor…
What is Oxytocin?
important hormone in both infant and romantic partners
166 terms
HD 3490 Prelim 2
Define: Social Integration
Define: Social Support
What are the three types of social sup…
Define: Negative Social Relationships
Participation in a broad range of social relationships
social network's provision of psychological and material reso…
-Instrumental... -Informational... -Emotional
Conflicts, loss, isolation, betrayal, loneliness
Define: Social Integration
Participation in a broad range of social relationships
Define: Social Support
social network's provision of psychological and material reso…
161 terms
HD Prelim 2
Sensorimotor Stage
Schemes
Adaptation
Assimilation
spans the first two years of life. piaget believed that infan…
specific psychological structures--organized ways of making s…
involves building schemes through direct interaction with the…
we use our current schemes to interpret the external world
Sensorimotor Stage
spans the first two years of life. piaget believed that infan…
Schemes
specific psychological structures--organized ways of making s…
94 terms
HD Prelim 3
basic emotions
social smile
stranger anxiety
secure base
happiness, interest, surprise, fear, anger, sadness, and disg…
seen between six and ten weeks, evoked by parent's communicat…
most frequent expression of fear, in response to unfamiliar a…
infants use the familiar caregiver as this, serves as a point…
basic emotions
happiness, interest, surprise, fear, anger, sadness, and disg…
social smile
seen between six and ten weeks, evoked by parent's communicat…
129 terms
HD 1150 Prelim One
child development
developmental science
theory
continuous development
area of study devoted to understanding constancy and change f…
includes all changes we experience throughout the lifespan
an orderly, integrated set of statements that describes, expl…
a process of gradually adding more of the same type of skills…
child development
area of study devoted to understanding constancy and change f…
developmental science
includes all changes we experience throughout the lifespan
72 terms
HD 1170 prelim 2
What is autonomy?
Define emotional autonomy, behavioral…
Explain how psychoanalytical theorists…
Is the healthy development of emotiona…
Freedom from external control or influence; independence ... -ab…
Emotional autonomy: establishment of more adult like and less…
anna freud... -physical changes of puberty disrupt family system…
Yes close family relations, authoritative
What is autonomy?
Freedom from external control or influence; independence ... -ab…
Define emotional autonomy, behavioral…
Emotional autonomy: establishment of more adult like and less…
100 terms
HD 1150 PRELIM 2
Accommodation
Adaptation
A-not-B search error
Assimilation
in Piaget's theory, that part of adaptation in which new sche…
in Piaget's theory, the process of building schemes through d…
the error made by 8- to 12- month olds who, after reaching se…
the part of adaptation in which the external world is interpr…
Accommodation
in Piaget's theory, that part of adaptation in which new sche…
Adaptation
in Piaget's theory, the process of building schemes through d…
HD 1150 Prelim 3
Explicit Race Attitudes
Implicit Race Attitudes
Three Ideas about origins of social ca…
Familiarity
Explicit intergroup attitudes: decreases from 6 year olds to…
Stays relatively constant
Familiarity, Relevance, Priorities
The "contact" hypothesis. Social group conflict can be attenu…
Explicit Race Attitudes
Explicit intergroup attitudes: decreases from 6 year olds to…
Implicit Race Attitudes
Stays relatively constant
95 terms
HD 2200 prelim 1
acetylcholine
acetylcholinesterase
action potential
agonists
neurotransmitter that plays an important role in overall arou…
enzyme that divides the neurotransmitter acetylcholine into i…
sequence of events occurring when a neuron fires: reversal el…
chemicals that mimic or facilitate the effect of a neurotrans…
acetylcholine
neurotransmitter that plays an important role in overall arou…
acetylcholinesterase
enzyme that divides the neurotransmitter acetylcholine into i…
HD 2800 - Prelim 1
WIERD
ethnocentrism
Concrete vs. abstract culture
General Psych vs. Cult Psych
Western, Industrialized, Educated, Rich, Democratic
perception of ones culture as the standard of comparison
concrete is symbolic mediation, abstract is transmission of c…
CPU: General universal from computer perspective... Shaped by co…
WIERD
Western, Industrialized, Educated, Rich, Democratic
ethnocentrism
perception of ones culture as the standard of comparison
HD 1150 Prelim #2
Object Permanance
Object Perception
Baillargeon's measure: Violation of Ex…
Infant Expectations about the physical…
Piaget... Stages 1+2 (0-4 months):... -Won't follow object that dis…
-might be present from the beginning of life... evidence:... -cont…
The rationale is that if infants possess the belief being tes…
-Objects exist beyond our immediate perception... -*Objects ob…
Object Permanance
Piaget... Stages 1+2 (0-4 months):... -Won't follow object that dis…
Object Perception
-might be present from the beginning of life... evidence:... -cont…
HD 3510 - Prelim 2
Race
Ethnicity
Acculturation
Enculturation
Socially constructed groupings based on physical characterist…
Socially constructed and transmitted aspects of one's culture…
Changes in the cultural attitudes, values, and behaviors due…
Socialization to and maintenance of the norms of one's indige…
Race
Socially constructed groupings based on physical characterist…
Ethnicity
Socially constructed and transmitted aspects of one's culture…
HD 1170 Prelim 1
Time Period: Early Adolescence
Time Period: Middle Adolescence
Time Period: Late Adolescence
Adolescent fathers v adult fathers
10-13 years
14-17 years
18-21
Adolescent fathers report higher levels of negative attitudes…
Time Period: Early Adolescence
10-13 years
Time Period: Middle Adolescence
14-17 years
168 terms
HD 1150 Prelim 3
infants have emotions
emotion has three interrelated compone…
emotions are fundamentally _______
children can use language to tell stor…
able to show facial expressions, visible anger, etc.
physiological, cognitive, behavioral
relational, because they provide a way to connect with other…
these stories contain a lot of emotional components
infants have emotions
able to show facial expressions, visible anger, etc.
emotion has three interrelated compone…
physiological, cognitive, behavioral
60 terms
HD 1150 - Prelim 3
Dweck's "Mindsets" measure?
fixed vs. growth mindset
4 Pre-literacy skills
What causes increased risk in adolesce…
student's responses to challenge, failure, and frustration
Fixed mindset: intelligence and talent are fixed at birth... Gro…
direction of text left → right (dependent upon which language…
Nucleus accambens mature early and faster... this region distrib…
Dweck's "Mindsets" measure?
student's responses to challenge, failure, and frustration
fixed vs. growth mindset
Fixed mindset: intelligence and talent are fixed at birth... Gro…
39 terms
HD 1170 Prelim 1
adolescence
early adolescence
middle adolescence
late adolescence
second decade of life; a period of transitions
period spanning roughly ages 10-13, corresponding roughly to…
period spanning roughly ages 14-17, corresponding to high sch…
period spanning roughly ages 18-21, corresponding approximate…
adolescence
second decade of life; a period of transitions
early adolescence
period spanning roughly ages 10-13, corresponding roughly to…
44 terms
HD2800 Prelim 2
Self-Enhancement
self serving biases
External attribution
Discounting
The motivation to view oneself positively
tendency to overstate one's attributes
attributing failures to external factors (environment) rather…
downplaying the importance or value of the attribute
Self-Enhancement
The motivation to view oneself positively
self serving biases
tendency to overstate one's attributes
67 terms
HD 2800 Prelim 1
Phychology is WEIRD
Definition of Culture
Characteristics of Culture
Wilhelm Wundt
Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, Democratic... ex) 68% p…
Dynamic group sof individuals that share similar contexts, ex…
Multi-faceted... Manifests differently across different life doa…
1921, Recognized that cultural products have effect on mental…
Phychology is WEIRD
Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, Democratic... ex) 68% p…
Definition of Culture
Dynamic group sof individuals that share similar contexts, ex…
HD 2800 Prelim 2
What does Analytic Thinking involve
What does Holistic Thinking involve
Field dependence is characteristic of…
Field independence is characteristic o…
SBURT: ... Separating objects from each other... Breaking down obje…
OAPRT (or PAROT):... Orienting to entire scene... Attending to rela…
Holistic thinkers
Analytic thinkers
What does Analytic Thinking involve
SBURT: ... Separating objects from each other... Breaking down obje…
What does Holistic Thinking involve
OAPRT (or PAROT):... Orienting to entire scene... Attending to rela…
67 terms
HD 1170 Prelim 2
Emotional Autonomy
Behavioral autonomy
Cognitive (Value) autonomy
Anna Freud
Gaining emotional independence in relationships with others,…
Making independent decisions and following through on them
Developing an independent set of beliefs and principles, resi…
-Physical changes of puberty disrupt the family system... -Resur…
Emotional Autonomy
Gaining emotional independence in relationships with others,…
Behavioral autonomy
Making independent decisions and following through on them
51 terms
HD 1150 Prelim 1
1) Scientists believe that 2 month old…
2) Jake is a shy and quiet child who p…
3) John B. Watson conducted an experim…
4) Which of the following is NOT true?…
A
C
B
B
1) Scientists believe that 2 month old…
A
2) Jake is a shy and quiet child who p…
C
HD 1170 Prelim 2
Emotional Autonomy
Behavioral autonomy
Cognitive (Value) autonomy
Anna Freud
Gaining emotional independence in relationships with others,…
Making independent decisions and following through on them
Developing an independent set of beliefs and principles, resi…
-Physical changes of puberty disrupt the family system... -Resur…
Emotional Autonomy
Gaining emotional independence in relationships with others,…
Behavioral autonomy
Making independent decisions and following through on them
43 terms
HD 3620 Prelim 1
What are primary drives?
what are secondary drives?
What is the ethological attachment the…
Attachment Behavioral System: If attac…
innate drives/reward systems (ex: no on has to teach you that…
motivations that are taught and are somehow connected to a pr…
Bowlby's theory that children come into the world biologicall…
separation distress causes anxiety and fear and then signal d…
What are primary drives?
innate drives/reward systems (ex: no on has to teach you that…
what are secondary drives?
motivations that are taught and are somehow connected to a pr…
25 terms
HD Prelim Chap 3
Conception
blastocyst
embryonic disk
trophoblast,
Once every 28 days, an ovum bursts from one of a woman's ovar…
a hollow fluid filled ball that forms on the 4th day during t…
The cells on the inside of the blastocyst that will become th…
The thin outer ring of cells that will become the structures…
Conception
Once every 28 days, an ovum bursts from one of a woman's ovar…
blastocyst
a hollow fluid filled ball that forms on the 4th day during t…
48 terms
HD Prelim Chap 1
Child Development-
Developmental Science-
Theory-
Continuous-
an area of study devoted to understanding constancy and chang…
all the changes we experience throughout the lifespan
orderly, integrated set of statements that describes, explain…
process of gradually adding more of the same types of skills…
Child Development-
an area of study devoted to understanding constancy and chang…
Developmental Science-
all the changes we experience throughout the lifespan
42 terms
HD Prelim Chap 2
phenotype
genotype
Chromosomes
genes
directly observable characteristics, is a product of two things
the complex blend of genetic info that determines our species…
rodlike structures within the cell nucleus, contain our hered…
segments of DNA
phenotype
directly observable characteristics, is a product of two things
genotype
the complex blend of genetic info that determines our species…
84 terms
HD Prelim 3
EMOTIONS
Basic emotions
Social Smile
When does Laughter appear
...
Basic Emotions: Happiness, interest, surprise, fear, anger, s…
A broad grin that the parent's communication evokes, appears…
Laughter appears around 3 to 4 months
EMOTIONS
...
Basic emotions
Basic Emotions: Happiness, interest, surprise, fear, anger, s…
117 terms
HD 3300 Prelim 2
Baron-Cohen's hypothesis
Rene Spitz (1945)
Anaclitic depression
Depression in preschool
-one cause of autism might be related to excessive exposure t…
Observed that some infants (particularly those in institution…
the impairment of an infant's physical, social, and intellect…
-Somber, tearful, lack exuberance and bounce... -clingy/whiny... -*…
Baron-Cohen's hypothesis
-one cause of autism might be related to excessive exposure t…
Rene Spitz (1945)
Observed that some infants (particularly those in institution…
124 terms
HD Prelim 1
Child Development:
Theory:
Normative Approach:
Psychoanalytic perspective:
understanding constancy & ∆ from conception through adolescence
integrated set of statements that describes, explains and pre…
measures of behavior are taken on many individuals and age re…
kids move through stages with conflicts btw biological drives…
Child Development:
understanding constancy & ∆ from conception through adolescence
Theory:
integrated set of statements that describes, explains and pre…
52 terms
HD Prelim 2
Chapter 6
"Other Race Effect" (ORE)
Adaptation
assimilation
...
Adults are more susceptible to recognition errors when a targ…
(building schemes thru direct interaction with the environmen…
using current schemes to interpret external world
Chapter 6
...
"Other Race Effect" (ORE)
Adults are more susceptible to recognition errors when a targ…
114 terms
HD 1150 Prelim 2
sensorimotor stage
schemes
adaptation
assimilation
first 2 years of life. Infants and toddlers "think" with thei…
specific psychological structures -- organized ways of making…
involves building schemes through direct interaction with the…
use current schemes to interpret the external world
sensorimotor stage
first 2 years of life. Infants and toddlers "think" with thei…
schemes
specific psychological structures -- organized ways of making…
66 terms
HD 1150 Prelim 3
Basic emotions
Social smile
Stranger anxiety
Secure base
happiness, interest, surprise, fear, anger, sadness, and disg…
between 6 and 10 weeks, the parent's communication evokes thi…
the most frequent expression of fear is to unfamiliar adults
familiar caregivers, or a point from which to explore, ventur…
Basic emotions
happiness, interest, surprise, fear, anger, sadness, and disg…
Social smile
between 6 and 10 weeks, the parent's communication evokes thi…
70 terms
HD 1150 Prelim 3
Basic emotions
Social smile
Stranger anxiety
Secure base
happiness, interest, surprise, fear, anger, sadness, and disg…
between 6 and 10 weeks, the parent's communication evokes thi…
the most frequent expression of fear is to unfamiliar adults
familiar caregivers, or a point from which to explore, ventur…
Basic emotions
happiness, interest, surprise, fear, anger, sadness, and disg…
Social smile
between 6 and 10 weeks, the parent's communication evokes thi…
136 terms
HD 2200 Prelim 1
Anterior
Posterior
Superior
inferior
(also called rostral - think "nostril") - front of the brain
(also called caudal) - back of the brain
(also called dorsal) above/ towards the head
(also called inferior) below/ towards the feet
Anterior
(also called rostral - think "nostril") - front of the brain
Posterior
(also called caudal) - back of the brain
44 terms
HD PRELIM 3 (notes)
negativity bias
emotional cognition
empathy
sympathy
tendency to respond more powerfully and consistently to negat…
"picking up" on other people's emotions by 6 months, especial…
distress when others are distressed from birth
helping, sharing, comforting, cooperating
negativity bias
tendency to respond more powerfully and consistently to negat…
emotional cognition
"picking up" on other people's emotions by 6 months, especial…
57 terms
HD 1150 prelim 2
information processing
object permanence
causality
quantity
children's general ability for statistical learning to make s…
the idea that objects out of sight still exist
objects obey physical laws
objects are distinct and can be counted
information processing
children's general ability for statistical learning to make s…
object permanence
the idea that objects out of sight still exist
66 terms
HD PRELIM 3
basic emotions
social smile
stranger anxiety
secure base
Emotions such as happiness, interest, surprise, fear, anger,…
The infant's broad grin evolved by the parent's communication…
most frequent expression of fear to unfamiliar adults
Role of the familiar caregivers a point from which the infant…
basic emotions
Emotions such as happiness, interest, surprise, fear, anger,…
social smile
The infant's broad grin evolved by the parent's communication…
HD 1150 Prelim 1
Nativism
Empiricism
Cognitive Development
Theory
certain skills and abilities that you are born with in your b…
knowledge that is derived entirely from experience
changes in intellectual abilities like attention, memory, aca…
an orderly, integrated set of statements that describes, expl…
Nativism
certain skills and abilities that you are born with in your b…
Empiricism
knowledge that is derived entirely from experience
144 terms
HD 2600 Personality prelim
Lay theory
scientific theory of personality... Scie…
Definition of personality
Areas/approaches
-Specific beliefs (self, significant others, known others)... -G…
-Explicitly describes assumptions and beliefs... -Systematic inv…
Psychological structures and processes of a person that accou…
Three areas... Human nature - shared psychological makeup... Indi…
Lay theory
-Specific beliefs (self, significant others, known others)... -G…
scientific theory of personality... Scie…
-Explicitly describes assumptions and beliefs... -Systematic inv…
HD prelim 2
Cephalocaudal trend
proximodistal trend
neurons
synapses
from the Latin for "head to tail" during the prenatal period,…
-second growth patter... -growth process, literally, from "near…
- nerve cells that stores and transmit information
between them are tiny gaps, - where fibers from different neu…
Cephalocaudal trend
from the Latin for "head to tail" during the prenatal period,…
proximodistal trend
-second growth patter... -growth process, literally, from "near…
HD 3510 Prelim 1
Tight vs. Loose Societies
Individualize
default individualization
developmental individualization
States differ systematically on whether they are "tight"—have…
taking initiative to form working personal relationships, to…
involves a life course dictated by circumstances and impulse,…
involves a life course of continual and deliberate growth. ... I…
Tight vs. Loose Societies
States differ systematically on whether they are "tight"—have…
Individualize
taking initiative to form working personal relationships, to…
171 terms
HD 1150 PRELIM 1
child development
developmental science
theory
continuous
an area of study devoted to understanding constancy and chang…
includes all changes we experiences throughout the lifespan
an orderly, integrated set of statements that describes, expl…
a process of gradually adding more of the same types of skill…
child development
an area of study devoted to understanding constancy and chang…
developmental science
includes all changes we experiences throughout the lifespan
46 terms
HD Prelim #3
Child Rearing Styles
Authoritative Child-Rearing Styles
Authoritarian Child-rearing styles
Permissive Child-Rearing styles
combos of parent behaviors that occur over a wide range of si…
Most successful approach. High acceptance and involvement, ad…
Low acceptance and involvement, high coercive control (random…
warm and accepting yet uninvolved. Allow children to make own…
Child Rearing Styles
combos of parent behaviors that occur over a wide range of si…
Authoritative Child-Rearing Styles
Most successful approach. High acceptance and involvement, ad…
129 terms
HD Prelim 1
What is a theory?
Name and explain three basic issues in…
What four factors has research on resi…
How were children viewed in medieval E…
An orderly, integrated set of statements that describes, expl…
Continuous vs. discontinuous, Nature vs. nurture,
Personal characteristics, Warm parental relationship, social…
Separate period of life (vulnerable beings)
What is a theory?
An orderly, integrated set of statements that describes, expl…
Name and explain three basic issues in…
Continuous vs. discontinuous, Nature vs. nurture,
HD 2800 PRELIM 2
ACCULTURATION
CULTURAL DISTANCE
CULTURAL FIT
INTEGRATION
people learn new culture (U-shaped curve)
how much cultures differ in way of life
how much one is similar to new culture
most successful acculturation
ACCULTURATION
people learn new culture (U-shaped curve)
CULTURAL DISTANCE
how much cultures differ in way of life
13 terms
HD 1150 Prelim 3
Explicit Ingrouping
Implicit Ingrouping
Emotional Contagion
Social Referencing
who do you like more? changes with age
how quickly do you associate 2 things together, same with age
emotions spread through social interactions
other people's emotions tell the baby how they should feel, t…
Explicit Ingrouping
who do you like more? changes with age
Implicit Ingrouping
how quickly do you associate 2 things together, same with age
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