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Study sets matching "head and neck anatomy supply"

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Study sets matching "head and neck anatomy supply"

25 terms
Anatomy- blood supply to head and neck
superior vena cava... inferior vena cava…
brachiocephalic trunk ... left common car…
right common carotid ... right subclavian
right atrium
name all the great vessels of the heart
name the 3 branches of the arch of the aorta
what are the branches of the brachiocephalic trunk?
what chamber of the heart does the vena caves drain into?
superior vena cava... inferior vena cava…
name all the great vessels of the heart
brachiocephalic trunk ... left common car…
name the 3 branches of the arch of the aorta
19 terms
Anatomy: Blood supply to head and neck
Locations
Chemoreceptors
Baroreceptors
External carotid artery (inferior to s…
picture in book
Carotid body... CO2 sensors that adjust blood flow to head/neck
Carotid sinus... Senses changes in blood pressure
Superior thyroid artery... Lingual artery... Facial artery... Occipita…
Locations
picture in book
Chemoreceptors
Carotid body... CO2 sensors that adjust blood flow to head/neck
17 terms
Anatomy Head & Neck: Arterial Supply
External Carotid Artery (Branches):
What are the anastomoses of the arteri…
Lingual artery it's location, structur…
Facial artery it's location, structure…
1. Superior Thyroid... 2. Lingual... 3. Facial... 4. Maxillary... 5. Supe…
Ext Carotid →Superior thyroid... Subclavian → Inferior Thyroid... B…
-Near Hyoglossus muscle (Function of hypoglossal, helps to de…
Near the angle of mandible (anterior to where the masseter mu…
External Carotid Artery (Branches):
1. Superior Thyroid... 2. Lingual... 3. Facial... 4. Maxillary... 5. Supe…
What are the anastomoses of the arteri…
Ext Carotid →Superior thyroid... Subclavian → Inferior Thyroid... B…
25 terms
Cardiovascular Anatomy: Blood Supply to the Head, Neck and Limbs
bifurcation of common carotid at
internal carotid artery
external carotid artery
grey matter in CNS
C3/4
supplies brain (circle of willis)
supplied facial muscles
cell bodies and non-myelinated axons
bifurcation of common carotid at
C3/4
internal carotid artery
supplies brain (circle of willis)
28 terms
Anatomy: Blood supply and lymphatic drainage to head and neck
Where do the arteries which supply the…
Difference between the subclavian and…
Branches of the external carotid artery?
What does recurrent laryngeal loop und…
Subclavian and carotid arteries
RHS: Aorta gives rise to brachiocephalic artery, which then s…
Some angry ladies figured out PMS... Superior thyroid... Ascending…
LHS loops under arch of aorta... RHS loops under subclavian A
Where do the arteries which supply the…
Subclavian and carotid arteries
Difference between the subclavian and…
RHS: Aorta gives rise to brachiocephalic artery, which then s…
40 terms
head and neck anatomy-Arterial supply and veous drainage
maxillary artery
15
Muscles of mastication... The teeth... T…
Inferior Alveolar Branch with Mental B…
It runs forward in the ... Infratemporal fossa where it ... crosses…
how many branches in the maxillary artery
what does the maxillary artery supply
what are the banches of the Infratemporal Fossa
maxillary artery
It runs forward in the ... Infratemporal fossa where it ... crosses…
15
how many branches in the maxillary artery
58 terms
Head and Neck Anatomy - Arterial Supply and Venous Drainage
The heart is a
Two-thirds of the heart is located to…
One-third of the heart is located to the
The heart has three layers:
hollow, cone-shaped muscle located between the lungs and behi…
left of the midline of the body.
right of the midline of the body.
1. endoderm... 2. myocardium... 3. pericardium
The heart is a
hollow, cone-shaped muscle located between the lungs and behi…
Two-thirds of the heart is located to…
left of the midline of the body.
11 terms
Anatomy (Blood Supply to Head, Neck and Brain)
Common Carotid Artery
Branches of External Carotid Artery
Vertebral Arteries
Circle of Willis
internal carotid artery = skull... external carotid artery = fac…
Superior Thyroid... Ascending Pharyngeal... Linguinal... Facial... Occipi…
division of subclavian artery... enter at intervertebral foramin…
base of the brain... internal carotid and 2 vertebral arteries (…
Common Carotid Artery
internal carotid artery = skull... external carotid artery = fac…
Branches of External Carotid Artery
Superior Thyroid... Ascending Pharyngeal... Linguinal... Facial... Occipi…
48 terms
Anatomy bloody supply to face, head, neck
What major artery supplies the face?
What supplies the tongue with blood?
Course of the external carotid
What does the external carotid supply?
External carotid artery
Lingual artery... -some blood from tonsillar branch of the facia…
-branches from common carotid at level of the upper border of…
1. Most of head and neck (except brain): face, thyroid, saliv…
What major artery supplies the face?
External carotid artery
What supplies the tongue with blood?
Lingual artery... -some blood from tonsillar branch of the facia…
28 terms
Nerve supply head and neck
Olfactory (I)
Optic (II)
Oculomotor (III)
Trochlear (IV)
Component: SVA... Exit: Cribriform plate of ethmoid... Function: sm…
Component: SSA... Exit: Optic canal... Function: Vision
Component: GSE/GVE... Exit: Superior orbital fissure... Function:... •…
Component: GSE... Exit: Superior orbital fissure... Function: GSE S…
Olfactory (I)
Component: SVA... Exit: Cribriform plate of ethmoid... Function: sm…
Optic (II)
Component: SSA... Exit: Optic canal... Function: Vision
17 terms
Blood Supply of the Head and Neck
Arteries
Veins
Major arteries of the face and oral ca…
Aorta
Blood vessels carry blood from the heart to other parts of th…
A blood vessel that carries blood that is low in oxygen from…
aorta, common carotid artery, internal carotid artery, and ex…
ascends from the left ventricle of the heart
Arteries
Blood vessels carry blood from the heart to other parts of th…
Veins
A blood vessel that carries blood that is low in oxygen from…
112 terms
Anatomy Practical Head & Neck
Sternocleidomastoid muscle
Sternocleidomastoid muscle
Anterior belly of digastric muscle
Posterior belly of digastric muscle
11?
22?
13?
20?
Sternocleidomastoid muscle
11?
Sternocleidomastoid muscle
22?
13 terms
Blood Supply To Head And Neck
Vertebral Artery (R/L)
Basilar Artery
Cerebral Artery
Internal Carotid Artery (R/L)
-branch off subclavian arteries and then move through transve…
-SUPPLIES HINDBRAIN
-branch off cerebral arterial circle... -SUPPLY THE CEREBRUM
-branch off common carotid arteries... -do NOT have any branches…
Vertebral Artery (R/L)
-branch off subclavian arteries and then move through transve…
Basilar Artery
-SUPPLIES HINDBRAIN
95 terms
Head and Neck Skeletal Anatomy
Mental Protuberance- the chins project…
Mental Foramen- Hole that transmits br…
Mandible- the jawbone (comes from the…
Alveolar process of maxilla- part of t…
Mental Protuberance- the chins project…
Mental Foramen- Hole that transmits br…
13 terms
Blood Supply to Head and Neck
What three branches come out of the ao…
What does the brachiocephalic trunk br…
What do the Common Carotid Arteries br…
What do the External Carotid Arteries…
Brachiocephalic trunk, Left Subclavian Artery, Left Common Ca…
Right Common Carotid Artery, Right Subclavian Artery
External and Internal Carotid Arteries
Supply blood to the head and neck (minus brain)
What three branches come out of the ao…
Brachiocephalic trunk, Left Subclavian Artery, Left Common Ca…
What does the brachiocephalic trunk br…
Right Common Carotid Artery, Right Subclavian Artery
23 terms
blood supply to the head and neck
vertebral artery, inferior thyroid art…
subclavian vein, internal jugular vein
right internal carotid artery, right e…
contains baroreceptors for monitoring…
branches of subclavian artery
branches of the braciocephalic vein (from right to left)
carotid arteries (from superior to inferior)
the carotid sinus
vertebral artery, inferior thyroid art…
branches of subclavian artery
subclavian vein, internal jugular vein
branches of the braciocephalic vein (from right to left)
130 terms
Blood Supply of Head and Neck
define artery
define arteriole
capillary
define venule
large blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart
smaller blood vessel associated with an artery
smaller than an arteriole; smallest blood vessel able to carr…
smaller vessel associate with a vein; carries blood away from…
define artery
large blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart
define arteriole
smaller blood vessel associated with an artery
12 terms
Blood Supply to Head & Neck
Arterial supply to head
Primary branches of external carotid
Terminal branches of external carotid
Arterial circle
From Aortic Arch... ~Brachiocephallic trunk... -R Common carotid... --…
Superior thyroid - thyroid, larynx, neck... Lingual - tongue... Fac…
Maxillary - gums, nasal cavities, teeth, masticatory muscles…
Term for arteries of brain
Arterial supply to head
From Aortic Arch... ~Brachiocephallic trunk... -R Common carotid... --…
Primary branches of external carotid
Superior thyroid - thyroid, larynx, neck... Lingual - tongue... Fac…
24 terms
Blood Supply (Head & Neck)
What is the largest artery in the body?
What are the four principle divisions…
What does the aorta give rise to?
What does the Brachiocephalic trunk di…
- Aorta
- Ascending Aorta... - Arch of the Aorta... - Thoracic Aorta... - Abdo…
- Brachiocephalic trunk
- Right subclavian ... - Right common carotid artery
What is the largest artery in the body?
- Aorta
What are the four principle divisions…
- Ascending Aorta... - Arch of the Aorta... - Thoracic Aorta... - Abdo…
48 terms
Blood supply of the Head and Neck
artery
arteriole
capillary
venule
a large blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the…
one of the small thin-walled arteries that end in capillaries
smaller than an arteriole; smallest blood vessel able to carr…
a smaller vessel that carries blood from a capillary to a vein
artery
a large blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the…
arteriole
one of the small thin-walled arteries that end in capillaries
82 terms
Head and Neck Blood Supply
What two major arteries supply the hea…
What muscle does the common carotid ar…
What is the first branch of the subcla…
Where does the vertebral artery ultima…
Common carotid and subclavian arteries
Sternocleidomastoid muscle
Vertebral artery
the brain
What two major arteries supply the hea…
Common carotid and subclavian arteries
What muscle does the common carotid ar…
Sternocleidomastoid muscle
38 terms
Arterial Supply Head and Neck
Which are the two main systems?
Which arteries compromise the carotid…
Which arteries compromise the Subclavi…
How do these two systems communicate?
1. Carotid System... 2. Subclavian system
The main carotid system divides into internal and external ca…
off the subclavian artery the vertebral branch distributes br…
The two systems communicate freely via the Circle of Willis t…
Which are the two main systems?
1. Carotid System... 2. Subclavian system
Which arteries compromise the carotid…
The main carotid system divides into internal and external ca…
13 terms
Blood Supply of Head and Neck
Where are the arterial supply of the h…
What are the branches of the Aorta Arch?
Where does the common carotid artery r…
What encloses the carotid artery and w…
Common carotid artery... Vetebral artery... subclavian artery
(Right): Branchiocephalic Artery --> Right Subclavian and Rig…
Through the neck on the borders of the thyroid cartilage, whe…
Carotid Sheath... 1. Internal Jugular Vein... 2. Vagus Nerve... 3. Lym…
Where are the arterial supply of the h…
Common carotid artery... Vetebral artery... subclavian artery
What are the branches of the Aorta Arch?
(Right): Branchiocephalic Artery --> Right Subclavian and Rig…
8 terms
Blood Supply to Head & Neck
Internal Carotid
External Carotid
Carotid Body & Sinus
Carotid Sinus
-NO branches in neck... -Supplies structures internal to skull a…
-Supplies neck... -Supplies structures of head external to skull
Located near bifurcation of common carotid
-Baroreceptor: respond to change in arterial pressure--inform…
Internal Carotid
-NO branches in neck... -Supplies structures internal to skull a…
External Carotid
-Supplies neck... -Supplies structures of head external to skull
12 terms
Blood Supply of the Head and Neck
What does the external carotoid artery…
What does the internal carotoid supply?
What do the vertebral arteries supply?
What does the internal carotoid fuse i…
Most external structures (face)
80% of the cerebrum and the orbits
Cerebellum, pons, and inner ear
Basilar artery
What does the external carotoid artery…
Most external structures (face)
What does the internal carotoid supply?
80% of the cerebrum and the orbits
22 terms
Blood Supply to the Head and Neck
What supplies most of the blood to the…
What supplies the intracranial structu…
What supplies the extracranial tissues…
The right common cartoid originates fr…
left and right common cartoid artery
internal cartoid
External Cartoid
the brachiocephalic artery
What supplies most of the blood to the…
left and right common cartoid artery
What supplies the intracranial structu…
internal cartoid
24 terms
Anatomy Muscle: head and neck
levator scapulae
Levator Scapulae
sternocleidomastoid
sternohyoid
levator scapulae
Levator Scapulae
104 terms
Head and Neck Anatomy: Neck
The superficial portion of the cervica…
The nerves of the superficial cervical…
The deep cervical plexus is primarily…
The ansa cervicalis is made up of what…
lesser occipital... great auricular... transverse cervical... supracla…
sensory
ansa cervicalis
branches of C1-C3
The superficial portion of the cervica…
lesser occipital... great auricular... transverse cervical... supracla…
The nerves of the superficial cervical…
sensory
13 terms
Blood supply to the Head and neck
endocarditis
bacteraemia
scalenus anterior joins to
branches of first part of subclavian a…
infection of the cardiac valves
bacteria in the bloodstream
rib 1
- vertebral artery... - internal thoracic artery... - thyrocervical…
endocarditis
infection of the cardiac valves
bacteraemia
bacteria in the bloodstream
212 terms
Anatomy Lab - Head and Neck
Pterion
Frontal bone
supraorbital margin
supraorbital foramen/notch
• Small circular area where sutures of frontal, parietal, tem…
supraorbital margin... supraorbital foramen/notch
supraorbital nerve (branch of the ophthalmic division of CN V)
Pterion
• Small circular area where sutures of frontal, parietal, tem…
Frontal bone
supraorbital margin... supraorbital foramen/notch
33 terms
Nerve supply of the head & neck
tensor veli palatini
vagus
V3
mandibular nerve
All the muscles of the soft palate receive their motor supply…
All the muscles of the soft palate, except one, receive their…
Unlike the other muscles of the soft palate, tensor veli pala…
V3 is more formally known as the...
tensor veli palatini
All the muscles of the soft palate receive their motor supply…
vagus
All the muscles of the soft palate, except one, receive their…
31 terms
Nerve Supply (head & neck)
reflex arc
nerve I
nerve II
nerve III
relay messages from the spinal cord to the brain
olfactory
optic
oculomotor
reflex arc
relay messages from the spinal cord to the brain
nerve I
olfactory
36 terms
Blood Supply to Head and Neck
Internal Carotid Artery comes from
External Carotid Artery comes from
Occipital Artery comes from
Facial Artery comes from
Common carotid artery
Common carotid artery
external carotid artery before passing through parotid gland
external carotid artery before passing through parotid gland
Internal Carotid Artery comes from
Common carotid artery
External Carotid Artery comes from
Common carotid artery
65 terms
Blood Supply to the Head and Neck
Anastomosis
Plexus
Atria
Ventricle
Interconnected of blood vessels branches help other branches
A network of nerves or vessels in the body with the network o…
Receives blood from external circulation and pumps into the v…
Receives blood from the atria and pumps into external circula…
Anastomosis
Interconnected of blood vessels branches help other branches
Plexus
A network of nerves or vessels in the body with the network o…
29 terms
Blood Supply to the Head and Neck
External carotid artery
Internal carotid artery
Ophthalmic artery
Middle cerebral artery
supplies blood to the esophagus, larynx, pharynx, and face
Primary blood supply to the brain
supplies the eyes
supplies mesencephalon, and lateral surface of the cerebral h…
External carotid artery
supplies blood to the esophagus, larynx, pharynx, and face
Internal carotid artery
Primary blood supply to the brain
8 terms
Head and Neck Blood Supply
External carotid artery
Internal carotid artery
Vertebral artery
Internal jugular vein
Neck and face
Anterior circulation of brain and eyes
Posterior circulation of brain and eyes
Brain, eyes, face
External carotid artery
Neck and face
Internal carotid artery
Anterior circulation of brain and eyes
14 terms
... Anatomy 1... Dr. D ... Blood Supply to the Head , The neck and the face ...
Right Common Carotid Artery
Left Common Carotid Artery
The Right Common Carotid Artery Bifurc…
The Left Common Carotid Artery Bifurca…
Comes off the Brachiocephalic Trunk ... Starts: Right Sterno Cla…
Comes off the Arch of the Aorta ... Starts: Left 2nd Costal Car…
Into the Right Internal Carotid Artery ... Into the Right Exter…
Into the Left Internal Carotid Artery ... Into the Left Externa…
Right Common Carotid Artery
Comes off the Brachiocephalic Trunk ... Starts: Right Sterno Cla…
Left Common Carotid Artery
Comes off the Arch of the Aorta ... Starts: Left 2nd Costal Car…
177 terms
Anatomy Head and Neck Studying
Nasal plane
Philtrum
Nasal Aperature
Nasal Septum
apical portion of nose... Includes nostrils... Devoid of hair
Median groove between the nostrils
Bony opening into nasal cavity
Median part of the nasal aperature... Septal cartilage ... Osseous…
Nasal plane
apical portion of nose... Includes nostrils... Devoid of hair
Philtrum
Median groove between the nostrils
163 terms
Anatomy - Head, Neck
frontalis
orbicularis oculi
nasalis
levator labii superioris
frontalis
orbicularis oculi
27 terms
Arterial Supply of Head & Neck
Arterial Supply of Larynx
Superior Laryngeal Artery
Inferior Laryngeal Artery
Superior Thyroid Artery
1) Superior Laryngeal Artery... 2) Inferior Laryngeal Artery
- supplies the larynx above the vocal fold... - a branch of the…
- supplies the larynx below the vocal fold... - a branch of the…
- the first branch of the external carotid artery... - descends…
Arterial Supply of Larynx
1) Superior Laryngeal Artery... 2) Inferior Laryngeal Artery
Superior Laryngeal Artery
- supplies the larynx above the vocal fold... - a branch of the…
147 terms
SGU Anatomy: Head and Neck
Cutaneous branches of the cervical ple…
Floor muscles of posterior neck triangle
Blood vessels in the posterior neck tr…
Nerves in the posterior neck triangle
SALT... Lesser occipital- skin behind ear... Greater Auriclular- in…
splenis capitus... levator scapulae ... scalene muscles
2 veins and 2 arteries... External Jugular vein ... subclavian arte…
1) cutaneous nerves of the cervical plexus... 2) supraclavicular…
Cutaneous branches of the cervical ple…
SALT... Lesser occipital- skin behind ear... Greater Auriclular- in…
Floor muscles of posterior neck triangle
splenis capitus... levator scapulae ... scalene muscles
13 terms
Blood Supply to the Head and Neck
Internal Carotid Artery
Vertebral Artery
Thyrocervical Trunk
Inferior Thyroid Artery
-Branches off the common carotid artery... -Supplies brain (via…
-Branch of the Subclavian Artery... -Suplies brain (via Basilar…
-Branch of the Subclavian Artery... -Supplies thyroid gland, sca…
-Branch of the Thyrocervical trunk... -Supplies thyroid gland
Internal Carotid Artery
-Branches off the common carotid artery... -Supplies brain (via…
Vertebral Artery
-Branch of the Subclavian Artery... -Suplies brain (via Basilar…
Blood Supply to the Head and Neck
Right Carotid artery and the Right Sub…
Left Carotid artery
The common Carotid arteries
Internal Carotid artery
are a branch off the Brachiocephallic trunk, that arises stra…
comes directly from the Aorta
branch into the Internal and External carotid arteries
goes into the base of the skull and enters the cranium
Right Carotid artery and the Right Sub…
are a branch off the Brachiocephallic trunk, that arises stra…
Left Carotid artery
comes directly from the Aorta
20 terms
Blood supply of the head and neck
foramen magnum basilar artery cerebellar
brachiocephalic aortic carotid triangle
carotid sinus baroreceptors glossophar…
stenosis emboli
The vertebral arteries enter the skull through _______ ______…
Remember that the RIGHT common carotid arises from the ______…
The carotid visceral sensory receptors includes the _______ _…
atherosclerotic plaque leads to carotid _______ that can cont…
foramen magnum basilar artery cerebellar
The vertebral arteries enter the skull through _______ ______…
brachiocephalic aortic carotid triangle
Remember that the RIGHT common carotid arises from the ______…
19 terms
Blood supply of the head and neck
General info about blood supply
blood vessels
Arteries vs veins
arterial and venous systems
Our brain receives 15% of our blood and consumes 20% of the b…
containers/tubes for blood... lined with ENDOTHELIAL CELLS - the…
Arteries and Veins differ by the thickness of their walls (th…
CAPILLARIES merge to give rise to VENULES... VENULES merge to gi…
General info about blood supply
Our brain receives 15% of our blood and consumes 20% of the b…
blood vessels
containers/tubes for blood... lined with ENDOTHELIAL CELLS - the…
20 terms
Blood supply to head and neck
Middle meningeal artery is branch of
Middle meningeal artery is between 2 n…
Occipital artery is damaged what nerve…
Branches of external carotid in infra…
maxillary which is branch of external carotid
auriculotemporal nerve
hypoglossal
middle meningeal ... Superior and inferior alveolar ... to mastic…
Middle meningeal artery is branch of
maxillary which is branch of external carotid
Middle meningeal artery is between 2 n…
auriculotemporal nerve
45 terms
Blood Supply of the Head and Neck
Artery
Arteriole
Capillary
Venule
large blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart
smaller blood vessel associated with an artery
smaller than an arteriole; smallest blood vessel able to carr…
smaller vessel associated with a vein; carries blood away fro…
Artery
large blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart
Arteriole
smaller blood vessel associated with an artery
112 terms
Nerve Supply to the Head and Neck
Brain and Spinal Cord
Cranium
Vertebral column
Peripheral nervous system
The central nervous system is divided into what two sections?
Where is the brain housed?
Where is the spinal cord housed?
All nerves that extend outward from brain or spinal cord are…
Brain and Spinal Cord
The central nervous system is divided into what two sections?
Cranium
Where is the brain housed?
50 terms
Head & Neck Anatomy: Nerves
Nerves of Head and Neck allows functio…
Central Nervous System (CNS) connects to
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) connec…
Spinal nerves
TMJ, Muscles, Glands
Brain & Spinal Cord
Spinal Nerves & Cranial Nerves
- 31 Nerve branches... - Innervates specific organs & regions
Nerves of Head and Neck allows functio…
TMJ, Muscles, Glands
Central Nervous System (CNS) connects to
Brain & Spinal Cord
53 terms
Chapter 9 Head and Neck Anatomy
Alveolar process
Articular disc
Articular eminence
Articular space
Portion of the maxillary bones that form the support for teet…
Cushion of dense, specialized connective tissue that divides…
Raised portion of the temporal bone just anterior to the glen…
Space between the capsular ligament and between the surfaces…
Alveolar process
Portion of the maxillary bones that form the support for teet…
Articular disc
Cushion of dense, specialized connective tissue that divides…
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