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Study sets matching "health chapter 2 nutrition public"

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Study sets matching "health chapter 2 nutrition public"

31 terms
Nutrition and Public Health Chapter 2
Adequacy
Balance
Energy Control
Nutrient Density
providing all essential nutrients in amounts sufficient to ma…
providing foods in proportion to each other and to the body's…
management of energy (kcal) intake
nutrition/kcal of food
Adequacy
providing all essential nutrients in amounts sufficient to ma…
Balance
providing foods in proportion to each other and to the body's…
8 terms
public health nutrition chapter 2
what are the 7 steps of community need…
what are typically the nutritional pro…
set the parameters of the assessment
collect data
1.define the nutritional problem... 2.set the parameters of the…
-infants at nutritional risk... -obesity... -low-birthweight infant…
-define community... -determine the purpose of the needs assessm…
-collect data about the community (qualitative,quantitative)…
what are the 7 steps of community need…
1.define the nutritional problem... 2.set the parameters of the…
what are typically the nutritional pro…
-infants at nutritional risk... -obesity... -low-birthweight infant…
25 terms
Public Health Chapter 2
Incidence
Prevalence
Incidence Rate
Prevalence Rate
measures the chances of individuals to develop a disease duri…
measures the proportion of individuals who have the disease a…
# of new cases of a disease over a period of time/ # of peopl…
# living with a particular disease /# in the at-risk populati…
Incidence
measures the chances of individuals to develop a disease duri…
Prevalence
measures the proportion of individuals who have the disease a…
53 terms
Public Health: Chapter 2
What do today's communities need to im…
What are the 10 Essential Public Healt…
How are Community Organizations classi…
What are the major types of Community…
In need of better long-term planning and community organizing…
• Monitor health status to identify community health problems…
sources of funding, responsibilities, & organizational struct…
• Governmental ... • Quasi-governmental (partial government fund…
What do today's communities need to im…
In need of better long-term planning and community organizing…
What are the 10 Essential Public Healt…
• Monitor health status to identify community health problems…
53 terms
Public Health: Chapter 2
What do today's communities need to im…
What are the 10 Essential Public Healt…
How are Community Organizations classi…
What are the major types of Community…
In need of better long-term planning and community organizing…
• Monitor health status to identify community health problems…
sources of funding, responsibilities, & organizational struct…
• Governmental ... • Quasi-governmental (partial government fund…
What do today's communities need to im…
In need of better long-term planning and community organizing…
What are the 10 Essential Public Healt…
• Monitor health status to identify community health problems…
45 terms
Public Health Chapter 2:
P.E.R.I.E.
burden of disease
morbidity
incidence rate
Approach to public health issues: problem, etiology, recommen…
genetically an analysis of the morbidity and mortality produc…
frequency of impairments or disability produced by a disease…
measures chances of occurrence of a disease or other conditio…
P.E.R.I.E.
Approach to public health issues: problem, etiology, recommen…
burden of disease
genetically an analysis of the morbidity and mortality produc…
8 terms
Chapter 2 - Public Health
Broad Social Movement
market justice
Social justice
sources of controversy
"public health should be a way of doing justice, a way of ass…
- emphasize individual responsibility and minimal obligation…
- views health care as a social resource... - ability to pay is…
- economic liberty... - individual liberty... - moral and religious…
Broad Social Movement
"public health should be a way of doing justice, a way of ass…
market justice
- emphasize individual responsibility and minimal obligation…
25 terms
Public Health Chapter 2: Public Health Systems
bilateral agency
Department of Health and Human Services
health disparities
Healthy People 2020
Refers to two agencies that conduct business within one country
U.S. branch of government responsible for health and welfare…
Difference in the quality of healthcare delivered or obtainab…
A U.S. national consensus plan with specific health goals.
bilateral agency
Refers to two agencies that conduct business within one country
Department of Health and Human Services
U.S. branch of government responsible for health and welfare…
28 terms
Public Health chapter 2
Epidemiology
Epidemiology
Epidemiology
Epidemiology contributions to public h…
Is concerned with the distribution and determinants of health…
The branch of medicine that deals with the study all of the c…
The study of diseases and health conditions(occurring in the…
- Concern with populations... - Use of observational data... - Meth…
Epidemiology
Is concerned with the distribution and determinants of health…
Epidemiology
The branch of medicine that deals with the study all of the c…
52 terms
Public Health Chapter 2
PERIE Process
Burden of Disease
Morbidity
Mortality
a mnemonic that comes from the first letters in the steps of…
an analysis of the morbidity and mortality produced by diseas…
the frequency of impairments or disability produced by a dise…
frequency of deaths produced by a disease or other condition
PERIE Process
a mnemonic that comes from the first letters in the steps of…
Burden of Disease
an analysis of the morbidity and mortality produced by diseas…
51 terms
Public Health Chapter 2
PERIE process
Burden of disease
morbidity
course of a disease
this circular process. ... Problem: what is the health problem…
the occurrence of disability and death due to a disease.
Incidence of a specific notifiable disease.
asks how often the disease occurs, how likely it is present c…
PERIE process
this circular process. ... Problem: what is the health problem…
Burden of disease
the occurrence of disability and death due to a disease.
28 terms
Public Health Chapter 2
In the past, population-centered nurse…
Public health practice is an appealing…
The Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601 is si…
Current threats to health in the Unite…
District nurses
Autonomy and independence of practice
Medicaid
HIV, H1N1 influenza, and bioterrorism
In the past, population-centered nurse…
District nurses
Public health practice is an appealing…
Autonomy and independence of practice
53 terms
Public Health: Chapter 2
What do today's communities need to im…
What are the 10 Essential Public Healt…
How are Community Organizations classi…
What are the major types of Community…
In need of better long-term planning and community organizing…
• Monitor health status to identify community health problems…
sources of funding, responsibilities, & organizational struct…
• Governmental ... • Quasi-governmental (partial government fund…
What do today's communities need to im…
In need of better long-term planning and community organizing…
What are the 10 Essential Public Healt…
• Monitor health status to identify community health problems…
31 terms
Public Health Chapter 2
TTM?
In what 3 domains of chronic care mana…
Core Constructs of TTM?
Stages of Change?
is found on stages of change, which categorize segmetns of po…
1.Personal health care (change pts behavior that is affecting…
The TTM has concentrated on 6 stages of change, 10 processes…
Precontemplation... Contemplation... Preparation... Action... Maintenence…
TTM?
is found on stages of change, which categorize segmetns of po…
In what 3 domains of chronic care mana…
1.Personal health care (change pts behavior that is affecting…
50 terms
Public Health Chapter 2
Epidemiologists
What is the key component to the desig…
P.E.R.I.E
P.E.R.I.E steps
-public health professionals who investigate patterns and cau…
-Research
-summarizes the steps in evidence based public health, emphas…
-evidence-based public health approach ... -P: Problem: What is…
Epidemiologists
-public health professionals who investigate patterns and cau…
What is the key component to the desig…
-Research
59 terms
Public Health chapter 2
The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimat…
T or F: The insurance industry's compr…
T or F: Dental hygiene is not the only…
What were dental hygienist previously…
33%... *A much higher rate than for the average for other occupa…
True
False... *it is the only one
Dental nurses... *Fones changed it to dental hygienist in the 19…
The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimat…
33%... *A much higher rate than for the average for other occupa…
T or F: The insurance industry's compr…
True
Public Health Chapter 2
What is the difference between social…
What are the sources of controversy?
Do most public health measures have a…
Why do businesses often resists public…
-The common good (social justice)... -Individual responsibility…
-Economic impact... -Individual liberty... -Moral and religious opp…
NEGATIVE
Because they affect profits
What is the difference between social…
-The common good (social justice)... -Individual responsibility…
What are the sources of controversy?
-Economic impact... -Individual liberty... -Moral and religious opp…
38 terms
Public Health Chapter 2
Burden of Disease
Morbidity
Mortality
Course of Disease
Generically, an analysis of the morbidity and mortality produ…
A public health term to describe the frequency of impairments…
A public health term to describe the frequency of deaths prod…
A description of a disease or other condition often using inc…
Burden of Disease
Generically, an analysis of the morbidity and mortality produ…
Morbidity
A public health term to describe the frequency of impairments…
25 terms
Public Health Chapter 2
Healthy people initiative
Health status improving
Shift from infectious to chronic disea…
Disparities increasing
- started in late 70s- every 10 years health goals, areas to…
Life expectancy at birth... Birth outcomes better... Years of healt…
Disease trends changing
Ethnic and racial groups... Differences among races notable, sig…
Healthy people initiative
- started in late 70s- every 10 years health goals, areas to…
Health status improving
Life expectancy at birth... Birth outcomes better... Years of healt…
53 terms
Chapter 2: Public Health
P.E.R.I.E. process
Burden of Disease
Morbidity
Mortality
A mnemonic that comes from the first letters in the steps of…
Generically, an analysis of the morbidity and mortality produ…
A public health term to describe the frequency of impairments…
A public health term to describe the frequency of death produ…
P.E.R.I.E. process
A mnemonic that comes from the first letters in the steps of…
Burden of Disease
Generically, an analysis of the morbidity and mortality produ…
13 terms
Chapter 2: Public Health Systems
Bilateral agency
Department of health and human services
Health disparities
Healthy people 2020
Agencies that conduct business with in one country
US branch of government responsible for health and welfare of…
Racial or ethnic difference in the quality of healthcare
A US national consensus plan with specific health goals
Bilateral agency
Agencies that conduct business with in one country
Department of health and human services
US branch of government responsible for health and welfare of…
19 terms
Public Health Chapter 2
American Nurses Association (ANA)
American Public Health Association
American Red Cross
Breckinridge, Mary
the national professional association of registered nurses in…
a national organization founded in 1872 to facilitate interdi…
a national organization that seeks to reduce human suffering…
a leader in public health nursing who established the Frontie…
American Nurses Association (ANA)
the national professional association of registered nurses in…
American Public Health Association
a national organization founded in 1872 to facilitate interdi…
51 terms
Public Health Chapter 2
only in the past _ years have communit…
community response is hindered by (1)…
health organizations can be classified…
some classifications of health organiz…
100
(1) centralized resources in national organizations, (2) conc…
(1) funding sources (2) responsbilities (3) organizational st…
(1) governmental (2) quasi-governmental (3) NGO
only in the past _ years have communit…
100
community response is hindered by (1)…
(1) centralized resources in national organizations, (2) conc…
34 terms
Public health chapter 2
Activites that comprise objective of p…
Private practice vs public health prac…
Private practice vs public health prac…
Private practice vs public health prac…
Education- prime objective of public health work ... Prevent…
Private: individual (dental hygienist, dentist) ... Public: tea…
Private: individual ... Public: group
Private: health and dental history's oral dental Perio exams…
Activites that comprise objective of p…
Education- prime objective of public health work ... Prevent…
Private practice vs public health prac…
Private: individual (dental hygienist, dentist) ... Public: tea…
43 terms
Public Health Chapter 2
PERIE Process
Burden of Disease
Morbidity
Mortality
5 basic questions of evidence-based public health approach... 1)…
Generically an analysis of the morbidity and mortality produc…
Disability
Death
PERIE Process
5 basic questions of evidence-based public health approach... 1)…
Burden of Disease
Generically an analysis of the morbidity and mortality produc…
41 terms
Public Health Chapter 2
PERIE
problem
etiology
recommendations
problem, etiology, recommendations, implementation, evalution
what is the health problem/burden of disease and has it chang…
how do we establish contributory cause
what works to reduce the health impacts?
PERIE
problem, etiology, recommendations, implementation, evalution
problem
what is the health problem/burden of disease and has it chang…
22 terms
Public Health Chapter 2
association
community health needs assessment
crude mortality rate
condition
the relationship between two or more events or variables
a formal approach to identifying health needs and health prob…
the total number of deaths per unit of population reported du…
a health condition is a departure from a state of physical or…
association
the relationship between two or more events or variables
community health needs assessment
a formal approach to identifying health needs and health prob…
26 terms
public health chapter 2
public health and community health are…
Federal responsibility was
Florence nightingale
William Rathbone
various social, economic, and political forces and incorporat…
limited until the 1930s, when the economic challenges of the…
designed and implemented the first program of trained nursing
Florence's contemporary, who founded the first district nursi…
public health and community health are…
various social, economic, and political forces and incorporat…
Federal responsibility was
limited until the 1930s, when the economic challenges of the…
11 terms
Chapter 2 public health
P.E.R.I.E
Problem. How can we describe a health…
Etiology
How Do we establish Cause
Problem, Etiology, Recommendations, Implementation, Evaluation
What is the Health Problem. Morbidity, Motality,
the cause, set of causes, or manner of causation of a disease…
Strength of relationship
P.E.R.I.E
Problem, Etiology, Recommendations, Implementation, Evaluation
Problem. How can we describe a health…
What is the Health Problem. Morbidity, Motality,
5 terms
Chapter 2: Public Health
Responsibilities of water treatment an…
Water Quality and Public Health
Pathogen
Aerobic vs Anaerobic microorganisms
> operate, maintain, repair, and manage water treatment and d…
> Ontario Drinking-Water Quality Standards (ODWQS), O. Reg. 1…
is a disease-causing agent
> aerobic microorganisms require oxygen to grow... > anaerobic m…
Responsibilities of water treatment an…
> operate, maintain, repair, and manage water treatment and d…
Water Quality and Public Health
> Ontario Drinking-Water Quality Standards (ODWQS), O. Reg. 1…
Public Health Chapter 2
The PERIE Approach
The burden of a disease
The course of disease
The distribution of disease
Problem, Etiology, Recommendations, Implementation, Evaluation
The occurrence of disability (morbidity) and death (mortality…
How often the disease occurs, how likely it is to be present…
Who?, When?, Where?
The PERIE Approach
Problem, Etiology, Recommendations, Implementation, Evaluation
The burden of a disease
The occurrence of disability (morbidity) and death (mortality…
50 terms
Public Health Chapter 2
at-risk population
incidence rate
true rate
etiology
the group of people who have a chance or probability of devel…
rates that measure the chances of occurrence of a disease or…
a measurement that has a numerator that is a subset of the de…
the cause of a disease or health conditiion
at-risk population
the group of people who have a chance or probability of devel…
incidence rate
rates that measure the chances of occurrence of a disease or…
118 terms
Public Health Chapter 2
what are the 5 levels of a Social Ecol…
define intrapersonal
define interpersonal
Define institutional
policy, community, institutional, inter personal, intrapersonal
Individual characteristics that influence behavior such as kn…
family, friends, and peers that provide social identity, and…
rules, and informal structure, which may constrain or promote…
what are the 5 levels of a Social Ecol…
policy, community, institutional, inter personal, intrapersonal
define intrapersonal
Individual characteristics that influence behavior such as kn…
10 terms
Public Health Chapter 2
Define PERIE
What are needed to describe a health p…
Describe distribution of disease
Group associations
Problem, Etiology, Recommendations, Implementation, Evaluation
Burden of disease, course of disease and distribution
Who gets the disease, where are they located, when does it oc…
Two factors, that occur together more often than expected by…
Define PERIE
Problem, Etiology, Recommendations, Implementation, Evaluation
What are needed to describe a health p…
Burden of disease, course of disease and distribution
28 terms
Public Health Chapter 2
In the past, population-centered nurse…
Public health practice is an appealing…
The Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601 is si…
Current threats to health in the Unite…
District nurses
Autonomy and independence of practice
Medicaid
HIV, H1N1 influenza, and bioterrorism
In the past, population-centered nurse…
District nurses
Public health practice is an appealing…
Autonomy and independence of practice
47 terms
Public Health chapter 2
Crude mortality rate for 1900
Top 3 leading causes of death, 1900
Top 3 leading causes of death, 2000
Where are there disparities among heal…
1700 deaths per 100k population
Pneumonia & Influenza, Tuberculosis, Diarrhea & Enteritits
Heart Disease, Cancer, Cerebrovascular Disease
Race & gender
Crude mortality rate for 1900
1700 deaths per 100k population
Top 3 leading causes of death, 1900
Pneumonia & Influenza, Tuberculosis, Diarrhea & Enteritits
46 terms
Chapter 2 Public Health
The beginning of the federal governmen…
The creation of the National Preventio…
The most recent set of established nat…
Each year ______ days of work are miss…
d. Social Security Act
a. Affordable Care Act
d. Healthy People 2020
d. 2.5 billion
The beginning of the federal governmen…
d. Social Security Act
The creation of the National Preventio…
a. Affordable Care Act
12 terms
Public Health Chapter 2
what is the focus of epidemiological s…
How do epidemiologists describe health…
What is a population at risk?
Difference between incidence and preva…
study the occurrence and risk of disease
investigate "person" and "place"
A group of people with similar characteristics that makes the…
Incidence is the chance of developing the disease in a certai…
what is the focus of epidemiological s…
study the occurrence and risk of disease
How do epidemiologists describe health…
investigate "person" and "place"
29 terms
Public Health: Chapter 2
District nurses
Autonomy and independence of practice
Medicaid
HIV, H1N1 influenza, and bioterrorism
In the past, population-centered nurses have been called:
Public health practice is an appealing specialty to nurses be…
The Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601 is similar to which current…
Current threats to health in the United States that community…
District nurses
In the past, population-centered nurses have been called:
Autonomy and independence of practice
Public health practice is an appealing specialty to nurses be…
48 terms
Nutrition and Public Health Chapter 3
Digestion
Challenges of Digestion
Gastrointestinal Tract
Tongue
the process by which food is broken down into absorbable units
air and food do not go to the same place; food travels from m…
digestive tract, mainly stomach and intestines; space inside…
moves food around to facilitate chewing and swallowing
Digestion
the process by which food is broken down into absorbable units
Challenges of Digestion
air and food do not go to the same place; food travels from m…
28 terms
Public Health Chapter 2
In the past, population-centered nurse…
Public health practice is an appealing…
The Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601 is si…
Current threats to health in the Unite…
District nurses
Autonomy and independence of practice
Medicaid
HIV, H1N1 influenza, and bioterrorism
In the past, population-centered nurse…
District nurses
Public health practice is an appealing…
Autonomy and independence of practice
49 terms
Chapter 2: Evidence-Based Public Health
at-risk population
incidence
prevalence rate
true rate
the group of people who have a chance or probability of devel…
rates that measure the chances of occurrence of a disease or…
a measurement of the number of individuals who have a disease…
a measurement that has a numerator that is a subset of the de…
at-risk population
the group of people who have a chance or probability of devel…
incidence
rates that measure the chances of occurrence of a disease or…
46 terms
Chapter 2 Public Health
The beginning of the federal governmen…
The creation of the National Preventio…
The most recent set of established nat…
Each year ______ days of work are miss…
d. Social Security Act
a. Affordable Care Act
d. Healthy People 2020
d. 2.5 billion
The beginning of the federal governmen…
d. Social Security Act
The creation of the National Preventio…
a. Affordable Care Act
15 terms
Health Chapter 2 (Nutrition)
Calories
Carbohydrates
Cholesterol
Fats
Units used to measure the amount of energy release when nutri…
A class of nutrients that includes sugars and starches
A waxy, fat like substance found in the cells of all animals
The class of nutrients with the highest energy content
Calories
Units used to measure the amount of energy release when nutri…
Carbohydrates
A class of nutrients that includes sugars and starches
34 terms
Public Health 101: Chapter 2
PERIE Process... (evidence-based PBH)
Burden of disease
Morbidity
Mortality
1. Problem: What is the health problem?... 2. Etiology: What is…
occurrence of disability and death due to disease
disability due to disease
death due to disease
PERIE Process... (evidence-based PBH)
1. Problem: What is the health problem?... 2. Etiology: What is…
Burden of disease
occurrence of disability and death due to disease
28 terms
health Chapter 2 nutrition
Protein
Nutrient
Vitamins
minerals
nutrient made up of amino acids that is needed for growth, to…
substance in food that helps with body processes; protein, ca…
water-soluble or fat-soluble nutrient that helps the body use…
macro or micro inorganic nutrient that regulates many of the…
Protein
nutrient made up of amino acids that is needed for growth, to…
Nutrient
substance in food that helps with body processes; protein, ca…
14 terms
Public Health Nutrition
Nutrition
Calorie
Obese
Triceps
the science or study of a proper, balanced diet to promote he…
a way of measuring the amount of energy in food;
overweight, sometimes used to refer to people who weigh 20% a…
the muscles along the back of your arm
Nutrition
the science or study of a proper, balanced diet to promote he…
Calorie
a way of measuring the amount of energy in food;
37 terms
Health and Nutrition Chapter 2
Psychological Health
Neurotransmitters
Emotions
Personality
Dynamic, becoming more positive or negative as one responds t…
chemicals that nerves release to transmit information between…
A way of communicating moods to others
Set of distinct thoughts and behaviors that characterize the…
Psychological Health
Dynamic, becoming more positive or negative as one responds t…
Neurotransmitters
chemicals that nerves release to transmit information between…
51 terms
Chapter 2: Evidence Based Public Health
Epidemiology
Distribution
Determinants
Health Related States and Events
The study of the distribution and determinants of health-rela…
Analysis by time, place, and classes of people
All physical, biological, social, cultural, and behavioral as…
Diseases, causes of death, certain behaviors (such as tobacco…
Epidemiology
The study of the distribution and determinants of health-rela…
Distribution
Analysis by time, place, and classes of people
28 terms
Public Health Chapter 2
In the past, population-centered nurse…
Public health practice is an appealing…
The Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601 is si…
Current threats to health in the Unite…
District nurses
Autonomy and independence of practice
Medicaid
HIV, H1N1 influenza, and bioterrorism
In the past, population-centered nurse…
District nurses
Public health practice is an appealing…
Autonomy and independence of practice
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