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Study sets matching "health physiology"

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Study sets matching "health physiology"

98 terms
Physiology and Health
Endothelium
Arteries carry blood
Vasoconstriction
Vasodilate
Lines central lumen of blood vessels
Away from heart
Reduce blood flow
Increase blood flow
Endothelium
Lines central lumen of blood vessels
Arteries carry blood
Away from heart
47 terms
physiology and health
PULMONARY EMBOLISM
ATHEROSCLEROSIS
ATHEROMA
ATHEROSCLEROSIS CAN LEAD TO:
a blood clot is transported via the vena cava and heart chamb…
the formation of plaque called atheroma's beneath the inner l…
plaque in artery walls
stroke & heart attack
PULMONARY EMBOLISM
a blood clot is transported via the vena cava and heart chamb…
ATHEROSCLEROSIS
the formation of plaque called atheroma's beneath the inner l…
19 terms
Physiology and Health
Name the 4 different valves in the hea…
Where are the AV valves?
Where are the SL valves?
What is the equation for cardiac output?
-The AV (Atrio - ventricular valves) allows blood to flow fro…
Atrio-Ventricular valves are in between the atria and ventric…
Semi-Lunar valves are in the origins of the pulmonary artery…
Cardiac Output = Heart Rate X Stroke Volume
Name the 4 different valves in the hea…
-The AV (Atrio - ventricular valves) allows blood to flow fro…
Where are the AV valves?
Atrio-Ventricular valves are in between the atria and ventric…
23 terms
Health and Physiology
Alimentary Canal
Accessory Organs
Absorption
Assimilation
Contains organs through which the food actually passes (esoph…
Organs that assist in digestion but no food passes through th…
The movement of a fluid or dissolved substances across a memb…
The conversion of nutrients into fluid or solid parts of an o…
Alimentary Canal
Contains organs through which the food actually passes (esoph…
Accessory Organs
Organs that assist in digestion but no food passes through th…
29 terms
Physiology and Health
Pituitary gland releases
FSH stimulates ovary to secrete
LH triggers
LH brings about development of
FSH and ICSH in men. FSH and LH in women.
Oestrogen
Ovulation
Corpus luteum
Pituitary gland releases
FSH and ICSH in men. FSH and LH in women.
FSH stimulates ovary to secrete
Oestrogen
19 terms
health physiology
what is the #1 cause of death?
holistic model
depression and
what is stress
your own behavior
look at notes
physical illness are often comorbid
a pattern of behavioral and physiological responses to events…
what is the #1 cause of death?
your own behavior
holistic model
look at notes
88 terms
Topic 6: Health and Physiology
Why is digestion of large food molecul…
Why are enzymes needed for digestion?
human digestive system
Function of the stomach
Most food is solid and in the form of large complex molecules…
-Enzymes are biological catalysts which speed up the rate of…
alimentary canal: contains organs through which the food actu…
-The stomach acts as a temporary storage tank and is where pr…
Why is digestion of large food molecul…
Most food is solid and in the form of large complex molecules…
Why are enzymes needed for digestion?
-Enzymes are biological catalysts which speed up the rate of…
24 terms
Physiological Health
Mental Disorder
When do Anxiety Disorder begin
When do Mood disorders begin
When do substance use disorders begin
Behavioral or psychological syndrome associated with distress…
late childhood
Late Adolescence
Early 20's
Mental Disorder
Behavioral or psychological syndrome associated with distress…
When do Anxiety Disorder begin
late childhood
111 terms
Health and Physiology + Further Physiology - Digestion
Why is digestion of large food molecul…
Food was synthesised by other organism…
What needs to happen to large molecules
What can happen with smaller molecules
Most food is solid and in the form of large complex molecules…
that food contains materials not suitable for human tissue -…
Large molecules need to be broken down into smaller molecules…
Small molecules can be reassembled into new products (e.g. am…
Why is digestion of large food molecul…
Most food is solid and in the form of large complex molecules…
Food was synthesised by other organism…
that food contains materials not suitable for human tissue -…
13 terms
Vocal Health & Physiology
lungs
diaphragm
larynx
intercostal muscles
inside the ribcage, holds air for sound production
muscle underneath the lungs that helps in the breathing process
voice box, where sound is produced
Muscles between the ribs
lungs
inside the ribcage, holds air for sound production
diaphragm
muscle underneath the lungs that helps in the breathing process
25 terms
Human Health and Physiology
Large Food Molecules and Digestion
Enzymes in Digestion
Conditions for Amylase
Conditions for Protease
The food we eat is made up of many compounds which are not su…
Enzymes act as biological catalysts that are able to break th…
The enzyme is salivary amylase. Source is the salivary glands…
Enzyme is pepsin. Source is the chief cells in the stomach li…
Large Food Molecules and Digestion
The food we eat is made up of many compounds which are not su…
Enzymes in Digestion
Enzymes act as biological catalysts that are able to break th…
45 terms
Human health and physiology
6.1.1 Explain why digestion of large f…
6.1.2 Explain the need for enzymes in…
6.1.3 State the source, substrate, pro…
6.1.4 Draw and label a diagram of the…
There are two reasons why the digestion of large food molecul…
Enzymes are needed in the process of digestion as they are th…
6.1.1 Explain why digestion of large f…
There are two reasons why the digestion of large food molecul…
6.1.2 Explain the need for enzymes in…
Enzymes are needed in the process of digestion as they are th…
83 terms
Human Health & Physiology
Annotate structure of digestive system
Structure & functions of organs in dig…
Structure of wall of small intestine
Peristalsis: The contraction of circul…
-Mouth - voluntary control of chewing & swallowing - mechanic…
-Identification of tissue layers in tranverse sections of the…
-The contraction of circular and longitudinal muscle of the s…
Annotate structure of digestive system
Structure & functions of organs in dig…
-Mouth - voluntary control of chewing & swallowing - mechanic…
Bio: Human Health & Physiology
Pancreas
Villi
Digestion
Peristalsis
a large gland behind the stomach that secretes digestive enzy…
any of numerous minute elongated projections set closely toge…
the process of breaking down food by mechanical and enzymatic…
is a series of wave-like muscle contractions that moves food…
Pancreas
a large gland behind the stomach that secretes digestive enzy…
Villi
any of numerous minute elongated projections set closely toge…
104 terms
Human Health & Physiology
Absorption
Peristalsis
Assimilation
Heart valves
Nutrient must pass through cell membrane
A series of wave-like muscle contractions that moves food thr…
Chemical alteration of substances in the blood stream... - liver…
Two atrioventricular valves (aortic semilunar & pulmonary sem…
Absorption
Nutrient must pass through cell membrane
Peristalsis
A series of wave-like muscle contractions that moves food thr…
67 terms
Human Health and Physiology
Explain why digestion of large food mo…
Explain the need for enzymes in digest…
State the source, substrate, product a…
Draw and label a diagram of the human…
Most food is solid and in the form of large complex molecules…
◾Enzymes are biological catalysts which speed up the rate of…
◾Alimentary Canal: Contains organs through which the food act…
Explain why digestion of large food mo…
Most food is solid and in the form of large complex molecules…
Explain the need for enzymes in digest…
◾Enzymes are biological catalysts which speed up the rate of…
43 terms
Physiology and Health - Cardiovascular System
Describe the pathway of blood through…
Describe the structure and function of…
Describe the structure and function of…
Describe the structure and function of…
Blood circulates from the heart through blood vessels called…
-They have thick walls and a narrow central lumen... - The outer…
-They have a lumen and very thin walls made up of only the en…
They have an outer wall containing elastic fibers, but a much…
Describe the pathway of blood through…
Blood circulates from the heart through blood vessels called…
Describe the structure and function of…
-They have thick walls and a narrow central lumen... - The outer…
59 terms
Topic 6 Human health and physiology
digestion
absorption
assimilation
1. shows dendrites 2 and 5, myelin she…
the breakdown of large complex food molecules into smaller su…
when small food molecules are transported through the cell me…
examples are when amino acids are joined to make polypetides,…
digestion
the breakdown of large complex food molecules into smaller su…
absorption
when small food molecules are transported through the cell me…
10 terms
Physiology of Normal Bone Health
cortical bone
trabecular bone
bone made of
articular cartilage (hyaline)
outer dense wall
network of connecting plates
hydroxyapatite
some chondrocytes... surface for articulation... type 2 collagen... no…
cortical bone
outer dense wall
trabecular bone
network of connecting plates
45 terms
Human Health and Physiology (HL)
Describe the process of blood clotting
Outline the principle of Challenge and…
Outline the principle of Clonal Select…
Outline the principle of memory cells
Clotting (haemostasis) is a mechanism that prevents the loss…
When the body is challenged by a foreign pathogen it will res…
Each B lymphocyte has a specific antibody on its surface that…
Because the adaptive immune response is dependent on clonal e…
Describe the process of blood clotting
Clotting (haemostasis) is a mechanism that prevents the loss…
Outline the principle of Challenge and…
When the body is challenged by a foreign pathogen it will res…
21 terms
Human health & physiology
Explain the need for enzymes
Source, substrate & products and pH fo…
Digestive system... Esophagus, stomach, r…
Distinguish between absorption & assim…
Lower activation energy... help break down the food... help break d…
Amylase: ... source-mouth, substrate-starch, product-maltose, pH…
Absorption- the uptake of those molecules into the blood... Assi…
Explain the need for enzymes
Lower activation energy... help break down the food... help break d…
Source, substrate & products and pH fo…
Amylase: ... source-mouth, substrate-starch, product-maltose, pH…
52 terms
Physiology and Health - Cardiovascular System
Describe the pathway of blood through…
Describe the structure and function of…
Describe the structure and function of…
Describe the structure and function of…
Blood circulates from the heart through blood vessels called…
- thick walls and a narrow central lumen... - outer wall is made…
- have a lumen and very thin walls made up of only the endoth…
- outer wall containing elastic fibers, but a much thinner wa…
Describe the pathway of blood through…
Blood circulates from the heart through blood vessels called…
Describe the structure and function of…
- thick walls and a narrow central lumen... - outer wall is made…
167 terms
Human Health and Physiology
Zygote
White Blood Cell
Voluntary Action
Vitamin
The first cell produced when the sperm fertilises the egg.
Blood cell of the immune system
Action which involves thinking by the brain
Nutrients needed in small quantities for healthy growth
Zygote
The first cell produced when the sperm fertilises the egg.
White Blood Cell
Blood cell of the immune system
13 terms
Health Psych, Stress Physiology
Walter Cannon
Sympatho-Adreno-Medullary System
Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenocortical…
Hypercortisolism
first identified the fight/flight response to stress and that…
The body's initial, rapid-acting response to stress, involvin…
Delayed response to stress, involving the secretion corticost…
Too many steriods.
Walter Cannon
first identified the fight/flight response to stress and that…
Sympatho-Adreno-Medullary System
The body's initial, rapid-acting response to stress, involvin…
11 terms
Sorg - Health _ Physiology of Blood
We can give blood to anyone and we do…
Whole Blood
Plasma (liquid part)
Formed Elements
...
55% Plasma (liquid part). 45% Formed elements
91% water, Inorganic Salts NaC1,KC1, CaC1, Lipids-Fats, Enzym…
1.Red Blood Cells-Erythrocytes, 2.Platelets, 3.White Blood Ce…
We can give blood to anyone and we do…
...
Whole Blood
55% Plasma (liquid part). 45% Formed elements
19 terms
Exercise physiology ( Health & Fitness)
Physical activity
Exercise
Factors of the Dose-Response Relations…
response is
is any form of muscular activity
represents a subset of physical activity that is planned, wit…
- Potency - Slope - Maximal effect - Variability - Side effect
The effect
Physical activity
is any form of muscular activity
Exercise
represents a subset of physical activity that is planned, wit…
69 terms
Health Intro to Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy is
Physiology is
What is anatomical position?
Gross Anatomy
structure
function
The body is erect. The person is facing forward with arms at…
can be seen by the naked eye
Anatomy is
structure
Physiology is
function
10 terms
Human Health & Physiology
Carbohydrase
Capillaries
Allele
ADH
Enzyme which digests carbohydrate
A blood vessel which is only one cell thick
A version of a particular gene
Anti Diuretic Hormone
Carbohydrase
Enzyme which digests carbohydrate
Capillaries
A blood vessel which is only one cell thick
43 terms
Muscle Physiology & Health
ligaments
tendons
types of muscle
smooth muscle
connect bone to bone or bone to cartilage
connect muscle to bone
skeletal, smooth, and cardiac
lines internal organs and moves food
ligaments
connect bone to bone or bone to cartilage
tendons
connect muscle to bone
8 terms
Physiology / Tests of Health Components
Maximum Strength
Body Composition
VO2 Max/Aerobic Capactiy
Static Strength
Dynamometer
Skin-fold Measurement
Multistage Fitness Test
No Tests
Maximum Strength
Dynamometer
Body Composition
Skin-fold Measurement
11 terms
Physiology of Exercise and Health - Introduction
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY DEFINITION
EXERCISE DEFINITION
HEALTH DEFINITION (WHO 1946)
3 Key Health Trends
Any bodily moment brought about via skeletal muscle contracti…
A sub category of PA. Leisure time PA characterized by planne…
WHO - A state of complete physical, mental and social well be…
Aging population ... Increasing Obesity ... Childhood inactivity
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY DEFINITION
Any bodily moment brought about via skeletal muscle contracti…
EXERCISE DEFINITION
A sub category of PA. Leisure time PA characterized by planne…
66 terms
health science Anatomy and physiology
anatomy
Leonardo de vinci
word anatomy comes from the Greek lang…
anatomy is divided into two main areas :
the study of internal and external structures of plants and a…
earliest anatomist
"cut apart"
microscopic and macroscopic
anatomy
the study of internal and external structures of plants and a…
Leonardo de vinci
earliest anatomist
37 terms
Health Psych: Physiology
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (CNS)
----cerebellum
----brain stem
----spinal cord
brain & spinal cord... -forebrain, cerebrum (cognition), limbic…
smooth & coordinate movements
reticular activating system (attention) ... pons (bridge) facial…
(limb activity)
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (CNS)
brain & spinal cord... -forebrain, cerebrum (cognition), limbic…
----cerebellum
smooth & coordinate movements
31 terms
Health Careers 2 Anatomy and Physiology - Joints
Flexion
Extension
Hyperextension
Dorsiflexion
Involves bending a joint so as to decrease the angle of the j…
Straightening a joint so as to increase the angle between the…
The extreme extension of a joint beyond its normally straight…
Involves moving the toes upward
Flexion
Involves bending a joint so as to decrease the angle of the j…
Extension
Straightening a joint so as to increase the angle between the…
Health Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
Kinesiology
Strucutral Kinesiology
The study of organisms and their parts
the scientific study of normal functions in living things
The study of anatomy, physiology and mechanics in the human b…
The study of muscles, bones and joints
Anatomy
The study of organisms and their parts
Physiology
the scientific study of normal functions in living things
Human Health and Physiology
Carbohydrase
Protease
Lipase
Absorbtion
Amylase- Salivary gland- starch- maltose- 7.2
Pepsin- Stomach wall- Protesin- peptides- 2
Pancreatic lipase- pancreas-lipid- glycerol fatty acids-8
The movement of the end products of digestion from the gut in…
Carbohydrase
Amylase- Salivary gland- starch- maltose- 7.2
Protease
Pepsin- Stomach wall- Protesin- peptides- 2
20 terms
Physiology and Allied Health
Physiology
Levels of Structural Organization
4 primary tissues
survival needs
The study of function at many levels
Chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organism, organ system, or…
muscle, nervous, epithelial, connective
Nutrients, oxygen (ATP production), water, normal body temper…
Physiology
The study of function at many levels
Levels of Structural Organization
Chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organism, organ system, or…
37 terms
Topic 11 Health and Physiology
Process of blood clotting
Principle of challenge and response
Principle of clonal selection
Principle of memory cells
Clotting is a mechanism of preventing blood loss from a broke…
When the body is challenged with a foreign pathogen, it will…
Each B lymphocyte has a specific antibody on its surface capa…
When a B cell divides and becomes antibody-producing plasma c…
Process of blood clotting
Clotting is a mechanism of preventing blood loss from a broke…
Principle of challenge and response
When the body is challenged with a foreign pathogen, it will…
24 terms
Human Health and Physiology Vocab
Absorption
Assimilation
Stomach
Small Intestine
Process where food is passed through a layer of cell and into…
Happens after and is the conversion of nutrients where the fo…
Digestion of proteins.... Acidity helps kill bacteria and allows…
Enzymes secreted on the wall help complete digestion.... End pro…
Absorption
Process where food is passed through a layer of cell and into…
Assimilation
Happens after and is the conversion of nutrients where the fo…
33 terms
Unit 8: Health and Physiology
Digestive tract
Ingestion
Digestion
Enzymes (what they do in digestion)
The whole gut (so from the mouth to the anus)
Taking food into you body
Breaking down molecules from food using enzymes
They speed up the rate of digestion... They are specific to cert…
Digestive tract
The whole gut (so from the mouth to the anus)
Ingestion
Taking food into you body
151 terms
Physiology and Allied Health
Physiology
Levels of Structural Organization
4 Primary Tissues
5 survival needs
The study of function at many levels. The flow not the know
chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
muscle, nervous, epithelial, connective
nutrients, water, oxygen, atmospheric pressure, normal body t…
Physiology
The study of function at many levels. The flow not the know
Levels of Structural Organization
chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
24 terms
human health & physiology 6
physiology
anatomy
heterotrophic nutrition
enzymes
how and why the parts of the body function the way they do
the study of structure
feeding on complex, ready-made foods
biological catalysts made of protein, produced by cells to br…
physiology
how and why the parts of the body function the way they do
anatomy
the study of structure
Health Science- Anatomy & Physiology
Anatomy
Cell
Cell membrane
Centrosome
The study of the structure of an organism
Mass of protoplasm the basic unit of structure of all animals…
Outer protective semipermeable covering of a cell
That area of cell cytoplasm that contains two centrioles impo…
Anatomy
The study of the structure of an organism
Cell
Mass of protoplasm the basic unit of structure of all animals…
21 terms
Physiology and Health - CVD
Atherosclerosis
Atheroma
Hardening of the arteries
Coronary Heart Disease
The formation of plaques called atheromas beneath the endothe…
Plaque that is mainly composed of cholesterol, fibrous materi…
Large plaques hardened by deposits of calcium cause arterial…
A restriction or blockage of the blood supply to the heart mu…
Atherosclerosis
The formation of plaques called atheromas beneath the endothe…
Atheroma
Plaque that is mainly composed of cholesterol, fibrous materi…
25 terms
Human Health and Physiology
Coronary arteries
Blood
Substances transported by blood
Pathogen
Supply heart muscle with oxygen and nutrients
Composed of plasma, erythrocytes, leucocytes (phagocytes and…
Nutrients, oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, antibodies, urea…
An organism or virus that causes a disease
Coronary arteries
Supply heart muscle with oxygen and nutrients
Blood
Composed of plasma, erythrocytes, leucocytes (phagocytes and…
71 terms
Human health and physiology
Digestion
Role of enzymes
Examples of digestive enzymes
Accessory Organs
The breaking down of food into their smallest components.
1. Increasing the rate of digestion at body temperature... 2. Lo…
1. Salivary Amylase ... 2. Pepsin... 3. Pancreatic lipase
Organs that assist in digestion but no food passes through th…
Digestion
The breaking down of food into their smallest components.
Role of enzymes
1. Increasing the rate of digestion at body temperature... 2. Lo…
43 terms
Topic Six: Health & Physiology
Explain the Need For Enzymes in Digest…
Alimentary Canal
Accessory Organs
Absorption
1. Enzymes are biological catalysts which speed up the rate o…
Contains organs through which the food actually passes (esoph…
Organs that assist in digestion but no food passes through th…
The movement of a fluid or dissolved substances across a memb…
Explain the Need For Enzymes in Digest…
1. Enzymes are biological catalysts which speed up the rate o…
Alimentary Canal
Contains organs through which the food actually passes (esoph…
17 terms
Health care physiology review
Body organization
Function of the circulatory system
Function of the rispirtory system
Function of the skeletal system
Cell 》tissue 》organs 》systems
A system that transports material within the body.
1.) Supply oxygen... 2.)remove carbon... 3.)regulate blood ph
Provides the body's framework, allow it to move ,and protect…
Body organization
Cell 》tissue 》organs 》systems
Function of the circulatory system
A system that transports material within the body.
45 terms
Topic 6 : Health and Physiology
Explain why digestion of large food mo…
Explain the need for enzymes in digest…
State the source, substrate, product a…
Draw and label a diagram of the human…
Most food is solid and in the form of large complex molecules…
Enzymes are biological catalysts which speed up the rate of a…
...
...
Explain why digestion of large food mo…
Most food is solid and in the form of large complex molecules…
Explain the need for enzymes in digest…
Enzymes are biological catalysts which speed up the rate of a…
29 terms
Human Health and Physiology
Alimentary canal
Accessory organs
Absorption
Assimilation
Contains organs through which the food actually passes
Organs that assist in digestion but no food passes through them
The movement of a fluid or dissolved substances across a memb…
The conversion of nutrients into fluid or solid parts of an o…
Alimentary canal
Contains organs through which the food actually passes
Accessory organs
Organs that assist in digestion but no food passes through them
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