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Study sets matching "heart failure drugs"

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Study sets matching "heart failure drugs"

10 terms
Heart Failure and Heart Failure Drugs
Cardiac Glycoside
How does Digoxin work?
S/S Digoxin Toxicity
Antidote to Digoxin Toxicity
Digoxin
Increases force of contraction, reduces the heart rate, which…
yellow halo around visual field, nausea, vomiting, anorexia,…
Digifab
Cardiac Glycoside
Digoxin
How does Digoxin work?
Increases force of contraction, reduces the heart rate, which…
34 terms
Drugs Used in Heart Failure
1. Stage A... 2. Stage D... 3. Stage C... 4. St…
1. Class III... 2. Class II... 3. Class I... 4.…
Heart failure... Untreated coronary arte…
Systolic failure - this is a problem w…
According to the AHA, what category/stage of HF do the follow…
According to the NYHA heart failure symptom classification sy…
What is the the following:... When cardiac output is inadequate…
There are two types of failure in patients with heart failure…
1. Stage A... 2. Stage D... 3. Stage C... 4. St…
According to the AHA, what category/stage of HF do the follow…
1. Class III... 2. Class II... 3. Class I... 4.…
According to the NYHA heart failure symptom classification sy…
44 terms
Heart Failure Drugs
Inotropic drugs
Positive Inotropics
Negative Inotropics
Chronotropics
affect the force of myocardial contraction
(e.g., digoxin) increase the force of contractions
(e.g., beta blockers, calcium channel blockers) decrease myoc…
affect heart rate per minute
Inotropic drugs
affect the force of myocardial contraction
Positive Inotropics
(e.g., digoxin) increase the force of contractions
15 terms
Heart Failure Drugs
Define the concepts of preload, myocar…
Explain the difference between systoli…
List some of the positive and negative…
Explain the rationale for the use of d…
Increased afterload causes concentric hypertrophy of ventricl…
a) for systolic dysfxn, there is a decreased ESV, thus the bo…
1. Increase HR to compensate a decreased SV (thus will try to…
Corrects fluid retention in advanced HF; restores normal volu…
Define the concepts of preload, myocar…
Increased afterload causes concentric hypertrophy of ventricl…
Explain the difference between systoli…
a) for systolic dysfxn, there is a decreased ESV, thus the bo…
41 terms
Heart Failure Drugs
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
Compensatory Mechanisms in Heart Failure
Biological Responses Mediated by Adren…
Angiotensin converting enzyme ... (2 acti…
*The inability of the heart to deliver enough blood to periph…
Increase sympathetic discharge ... -Increased neuro-hormonal a…
-Positive inotropic effect... -Positive chronotropic effect
-Converts Angiotensin I --> Angiotensin II ... -Converts Bradyki…
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
*The inability of the heart to deliver enough blood to periph…
Compensatory Mechanisms in Heart Failure
Increase sympathetic discharge ... -Increased neuro-hormonal a…
10 terms
Drugs for Heart Failure
positive inotropic effect
Frank Starling Law
cardiac output
preload
drug that increases contractility
The more fibers are stretched, the more forcefully they will…
the amount of blood pumped by each ventricle per minute
the degree to which the myocardial fibers are stretched just…
positive inotropic effect
drug that increases contractility
Frank Starling Law
The more fibers are stretched, the more forcefully they will…
8 terms
Heart Failure Drugs
Heart failure
Digoxin
Dobutamine... Dopamine
Inamrinone... Milrinone
Defect in contractility... Decreased CO... Drugs to:... - decrease pr…
Positive Inotrope... - Inhibition of cardiac Na/K ATPase... - incre…
Sympathomimetics... - Use: acute CHF only... - Beta blocker (dobuta…
PDE inhibitors... - Use: CHF only... - blocking PDE will increase c…
Heart failure
Defect in contractility... Decreased CO... Drugs to:... - decrease pr…
Digoxin
Positive Inotrope... - Inhibition of cardiac Na/K ATPase... - incre…
41 terms
Heart Failure Drugs
Risk Factors for CHF
Heart Failure Classification
NYHA HF Classification
Systolic HF
- Hypertension, CAD... -MI... -diabetes mellitus... -obesity
A: high risk (HTN, diabetes, CAD, family history)... B: asx HF (…
I) no sx limitation with ordinary physical activity... II) ordin…
-mechanical pumping action (contractility) and ejection fract…
Risk Factors for CHF
- Hypertension, CAD... -MI... -diabetes mellitus... -obesity
Heart Failure Classification
A: high risk (HTN, diabetes, CAD, family history)... B: asx HF (…
54 terms
Heart failure drugs
Treatment of acute heart failure:
Digoxin
How does Digoxin affect membrane ion t…
Clinical use of digoxin
These agents treat symptoms of HF: ... 1. Digoxin --> does *N…
Cardiac glycoside ... Directly inhibits of Na+/K+ ATPase in…
Na+ which then activates the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger ---> increase…
HF (increase contractility) ... A-fib (decreases conduction at A…
Treatment of acute heart failure:
These agents treat symptoms of HF: ... 1. Digoxin --> does *N…
Digoxin
Cardiac glycoside ... Directly inhibits of Na+/K+ ATPase in…
26 terms
Heart Failure Drugs
Heart Failure: Left Sided
Left Sided Heart Failure: Causes
Right-Sided Heart Failure: Symptoms
Right Sided Heart Failure: Causes
More Common than Right Sided... Symptoms:... Decreased CO... Incre…
Ischemic Heart Disease [Scars do not conduct]... HTN... ... Cardiomy…
- Fluid Retention:... - Pitting Edema of legs... - Hepatic Conges…
Left-Sided Heart Failure... Pulmonary disease - Fibrosis: Cor Pu…
Heart Failure: Left Sided
More Common than Right Sided... Symptoms:... Decreased CO... Incre…
Left Sided Heart Failure: Causes
Ischemic Heart Disease [Scars do not conduct]... HTN... ... Cardiomy…
35 terms
Heart Failure Drugs
ACE inhibitors mechanism of action
ACE inhibitors clinical indication
Metopropolol
Bisoprolol
-decrease Ang II levels, increase bradykinin levels, reduce N…
-Stages A-D of heart failure... Stage A = patients at risk for H…
B1 selective blocker
B1 selective blocker
ACE inhibitors mechanism of action
-decrease Ang II levels, increase bradykinin levels, reduce N…
ACE inhibitors clinical indication
-Stages A-D of heart failure... Stage A = patients at risk for H…
34 terms
Heart Failure Drugs
Chronotropic Drugs
Dromotropic Drugs
Ejection Fraction
Inotropic Drugs
influence the rate of the heartbeat... Positive Chronotropic--in…
Drugs that influence the conduction of the electrical impulse…
The proportion of blood that is ejected during each ventricul…
Influence the force of muscular contractions, particularly co…
Chronotropic Drugs
influence the rate of the heartbeat... Positive Chronotropic--in…
Dromotropic Drugs
Drugs that influence the conduction of the electrical impulse…
18 terms
Drugs for Heart Failure
Digoxin
Digoxin effects
bigeminy
digoxin toxicity
Positive Inotropic drug approved for use in the US. Works by…
IN HF, underlying tone is sympathetic, so drug will potentiat…
seen with digoxin toxicity
hypokalemia: diuretics, diarrhea... B-antagonists: Decreased SA…
Digoxin
Positive Inotropic drug approved for use in the US. Works by…
Digoxin effects
IN HF, underlying tone is sympathetic, so drug will potentiat…
47 terms
Heart Failure Drugs
Ways to alter cardiac output
Captopril Action
Captopril Use
Captopril Problems/Misc
Contractility ... Preload... Afterload ... Remodeling processes
ACE Inhibitor... Increasing Ang I and bradykinin... Vasodilation, d…
CHF
-Hyperkalemia... -Hypotension, angioedema, teratogenic, cough
Ways to alter cardiac output
Contractility ... Preload... Afterload ... Remodeling processes
Captopril Action
ACE Inhibitor... Increasing Ang I and bradykinin... Vasodilation, d…
Drugs Treating Heart Failure
Management of CHF includes what classe…
Digoxin dose is based on?
What action does digoxin have on the h…
Digoxin toxicity electrolytes affected
ACE Inhibitors, Diuretics, Positive Inotropic agents.
Lean body mass
Positive inotropic, negative dromotropic, and negative chrono…
Hypokalemia, Hypomagnesaemia, Hypercalcemia
Management of CHF includes what classe…
ACE Inhibitors, Diuretics, Positive Inotropic agents.
Digoxin dose is based on?
Lean body mass
21 terms
Pharm: Drugs for Heart Failure
Overview of CHF mechanism & Drugs used…
CHF Pathophysiology
Goals of CHF Therapy
Diuretics
Compensation mechanisms will eventually lead to volume overlo…
1. Improve hemodynamics: reduce volume overload, preload & af…
Reduce congestive symptoms by ↓ preload → ↓ ventricular wall…
Overview of CHF mechanism & Drugs used…
CHF Pathophysiology
Compensation mechanisms will eventually lead to volume overlo…
6 terms
Heart Failure Drugs
hydralazine/isosorbide dinitrate
dobutamine
B-Type Natriuretic Peptide
BNP mechs of action
first drug approved specifically for African Americans; 37.5…
beta1-selective vasoactive adrenergic drug; increases cardiac…
nesiritide... substance secreted from the ventricles of the hear…
has vasodilating effects of both arteries and veins in the he…
hydralazine/isosorbide dinitrate
first drug approved specifically for African Americans; 37.5…
dobutamine
beta1-selective vasoactive adrenergic drug; increases cardiac…
12 terms
Heart Failure Drugs
Digoxin (Lanoxin)
Inamrinone (Inocor)
Milrinone (Primacor)
Dopamine (Intropin)
Cardiac Glycoside to tx heart failure. Inc. inotropy by block…
cAMP phosphodiesterase isozyme inhibitors --> inc. cAMP -->di…
cAMP phosphodiesterase isozyme inhibitors --> inc. cAMP -->di…
Direct positive inotrophic effect. Sympathomimetic. Inc CO, r…
Digoxin (Lanoxin)
Cardiac Glycoside to tx heart failure. Inc. inotropy by block…
Inamrinone (Inocor)
cAMP phosphodiesterase isozyme inhibitors --> inc. cAMP -->di…
16 terms
Heart Failure Drugs/Facts
Inotropic Agents
Inamrinone
Milrinone
Dobutamine
Agents that increase contractility of the heart... -improve myoc…
Bipyridines
Bipyridines
Beta-adrenergic receptor agonists
Inotropic Agents
Agents that increase contractility of the heart... -improve myoc…
Inamrinone
Bipyridines
17 terms
Drugs-Chronic heart failure
Cardiac Glycoside-Mechanism
Digoxin
Digitoxin
Ouabain
Inhibit Na-K ATPase pump... Increase Intracellular Na... Reduce dri…
Cardiac Glycoside... Commonly Used
Cardiac Glycoside... Commonly used
Cardiac Glycoside... Experimentally used
Cardiac Glycoside-Mechanism
Inhibit Na-K ATPase pump... Increase Intracellular Na... Reduce dri…
Digoxin
Cardiac Glycoside... Commonly Used
71 terms
Heart failure drugs
What is the point of HF drugs?... A) Cur…
T/F you can cure HF
What drug treats symptoms but DOESN'T…
How do you treat:... Stage A... Stage B... Sta…
B) increase quality of life
Flase; its a progressive disease; you can't cure HF but you c…
Digoxin
A B c D... Stage A: Ace or Arb (ace DOC)... Stage B: Ace or ARB +…
What is the point of HF drugs?... A) Cur…
B) increase quality of life
T/F you can cure HF
Flase; its a progressive disease; you can't cure HF but you c…
37 terms
Drugs for heart failure
What is heart failure?
Chronic SNS activity in HF
Four main stimuli are able to activate…
Feature of myocardial Hypertrophy:... Wha…
Heart failure can be defined as a condition where the heart i…
From the internet just for context: er. It also allows more o…
increased preload (makes sense b/c trying to get more volume…
A preferential synthesis of mitochondria and an augmented myo…
What is heart failure?
Heart failure can be defined as a condition where the heart i…
Chronic SNS activity in HF
From the internet just for context: er. It also allows more o…
45 terms
Drugs for Heart Failure
Diuretics examples
Diuretics mechanism of action
Diuretics caution
Aldosterone antagonists
Thiazides, furosemide
Reduce preload and cardiac size by decreasing plasma volume
Potassium depleting agents ... Hypokalemia predisposes to digox…
Spironolactone, eplerenone
Diuretics examples
Thiazides, furosemide
Diuretics mechanism of action
Reduce preload and cardiac size by decreasing plasma volume
22 terms
Drugs: Congestive Heart Failure
Captopril
Enalapril
Lisinopril
Candesartan
ACE Inhibitor
ACE Inhibitor
ACE Inhibitor
Angiotensin II Receptor Blocker
Captopril
ACE Inhibitor
Enalapril
ACE Inhibitor
65 terms
Drugs used in Heart Failure
Drug Chart
What does inotropic mean?
Inotropic drugs
Drugs affecting renin-angiotensin-aldo…
Force of contraction
-Digoxin... -Dobutamine... -Dopamine... -Milrinone... -Inamrinone
-Captopril... -Enalaprilat... -Losartan... -Spironolactone... -Eplerenone
Drug Chart
What does inotropic mean?
Force of contraction
18 terms
Heart Failure Therapy Drugs
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibito…
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibito…
Angiotensin Receptor Blockers
Lisinopril (Prinivil)... Enalapril (Vasotec)
↓ BP and ↓ afterload... Relieves signs and symptoms of HF... Preven…
Observe for symptomatic hypotension, increased serum K+, coug…
Valsartan (Diovan)... Losartan (Cozaar)
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
Lisinopril (Prinivil)... Enalapril (Vasotec)
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibito…
↓ BP and ↓ afterload... Relieves signs and symptoms of HF... Preven…
21 terms
Drugs for Heart Failure
Classes of drugs used to treat HF (6):
lisinopril (Zestril)... Class:
lisinopril (Zestril)... Action:
lisinopril (Zestril)... TE:
1. vasodilators ... 2. adrenergic blockers... 3. ACE inhibitors and…
ACE inhibitor
vasodilates
HF- decrease BP and increase CO
Classes of drugs used to treat HF (6):
1. vasodilators ... 2. adrenergic blockers... 3. ACE inhibitors and…
lisinopril (Zestril)... Class:
ACE inhibitor
50 terms
Congestive Heart Failure Drugs
Digitalis glycosides
Diuretics
Aldosterone Antagonists (K sparing diu…
Direct Arterial Vasodilators
digoxin
furosemide... metolazone
Spironolactone... Eplerenone
Hydralazine
Digitalis glycosides
digoxin
Diuretics
furosemide... metolazone
17 terms
HEART FAILURE DRUGS
digoxin (Lanoxin)
nesiritide (Natrector)
nitrates (NTG)
antianginal drugs (vasodilators)
for chf; dysrhythmias... higher influx of Ca in the cells... SE: ac…
human B type naturiuretic peptide (BNP)... for acute heart failu…
**drug of choice for angina... anginal drug (vasodilator)... reduce…
used to treat hypertension, angina, peripheral vascular disease
digoxin (Lanoxin)
for chf; dysrhythmias... higher influx of Ca in the cells... SE: ac…
nesiritide (Natrector)
human B type naturiuretic peptide (BNP)... for acute heart failu…
49 terms
Heart Failure Drugs
How does diuretic help animals with he…
What is the general side effect of usi…
What is the target of Thiazides?
What is the target of Loop Diuretics?
- decrease preload... - decrease BV... - decrease cardiac workload…
- dehydration... - decrease CO (combined with other CHF drugs th…
- Na/Cl symporter at DCT (distal convoluted tubular)
- Na/K/2Cl symporter at mTAL
How does diuretic help animals with he…
- decrease preload... - decrease BV... - decrease cardiac workload…
What is the general side effect of usi…
- dehydration... - decrease CO (combined with other CHF drugs th…
38 terms
Drugs for Heart Failure
What is understood by the terms compen…
What are the two neuroendocrine mechan…
What happens the Ca+ levels in the Sac…
Pressure overload causes _________ hyp…
It is an adaptive mechanism which can maintain a normal cardi…
1. Sympathetic activation... 2. RAAS
It decreases
1. Pressure overload = concentric hypertrophy (more pronounce…
What is understood by the terms compen…
It is an adaptive mechanism which can maintain a normal cardi…
What are the two neuroendocrine mechan…
1. Sympathetic activation... 2. RAAS
37 terms
Heart Failure Drugs
Goals of Treating HF
Diuretics
Thiazides
Fuorsimide
1. Correct underlying problem (valve, CAD... etc)... 2. Reduce c…
Goal: Reduce pulmonay/systemic congestion & edema... Little eff…
Diuretic that works on the distal tubule. Used occasionally i…
Loop diuretic. Strongest diuretic. Most commonly used in trea…
Goals of Treating HF
1. Correct underlying problem (valve, CAD... etc)... 2. Reduce c…
Diuretics
Goal: Reduce pulmonay/systemic congestion & edema... Little eff…
76 terms
Drugs for heart failure
In HF, the heart is unable to
HF is characterized by s/s of
In HF, blood backs up in the ______ le…
Chronic disease requires
pump sufficient blood to meet tissue metabolic need
inadequate tissue perfusion
ventricles; venous distension, pulmonary and peripheral edema.
lifetime treatment
In HF, the heart is unable to
pump sufficient blood to meet tissue metabolic need
HF is characterized by s/s of
inadequate tissue perfusion
21 terms
Pharm: Drugs for Heart Failure
Overview of CHF mechanism & Drugs used…
CHF Pathophysiology
Goals of CHF Therapy
Diuretics
Compensation mechanisms will eventually lead to volume overlo…
1. Improve hemodynamics: reduce volume overload, preload & af…
Reduce congestive symptoms by ↓ preload → ↓ ventricular wall…
Overview of CHF mechanism & Drugs used…
CHF Pathophysiology
Compensation mechanisms will eventually lead to volume overlo…
12 terms
Heart Failure Drugs
Digoxin
Dobutamine
Pimobendan
Metoprolol
Use: Heart failure, atrial fibrillation... MOA: Inhibits Na+/K+…
Use: Acute Tx of severe heart failure... MOA: B1 agonist... Effect:…
Use: Heart failure... MOA: Phosphodiesterase inhibitor in heart…
Use: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy... MOA: Slows HR and relaxes ve…
Digoxin
Use: Heart failure, atrial fibrillation... MOA: Inhibits Na+/K+…
Dobutamine
Use: Acute Tx of severe heart failure... MOA: B1 agonist... Effect:…
21 terms
CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE DRUGS
furosemide
spironolactone
bendroflumethiazide
amiloride
congestive heart failure... - diuretic (loop diuretic)
congestive heart failure... - diuretic (aldosterone antagonist)
congestive heart failure... - diuretic (thiazide diuretic)
congestive heart failure... - diuretic (potassium sparing diuret…
furosemide
congestive heart failure... - diuretic (loop diuretic)
spironolactone
congestive heart failure... - diuretic (aldosterone antagonist)
34 terms
Drugs Used in Heart Failure
1. Stage A... 2. Stage D... 3. Stage C... 4. St…
1. Class III... 2. Class II... 3. Class I... 4.…
Heart failure... Untreated coronary arte…
Systolic failure - this is a problem w…
According to the AHA, what category/stage of HF do the follow…
According to the NYHA heart failure symptom classification sy…
What is the the following:... When cardiac output is inadequate…
There are two types of failure in patients with heart failure…
1. Stage A... 2. Stage D... 3. Stage C... 4. St…
According to the AHA, what category/stage of HF do the follow…
1. Class III... 2. Class II... 3. Class I... 4.…
According to the NYHA heart failure symptom classification sy…
11 terms
Heart Failure Drugs
Captopril, Enalapril, Lisinopril, Rami…
Losartan, Valsartan, Candesartan, Irbe…
Carvedilol
Metoprolol, Bisoprolol
ACE inhibitors
ARBs
Blocks B1/B2/A1 receptors
Selective B1 blockers
Captopril, Enalapril, Lisinopril, Rami…
ACE inhibitors
Losartan, Valsartan, Candesartan, Irbe…
ARBs
14 terms
Antianginal and Heart Failure Drugs
Nitroglycerine
Isosorbide Mononitrate
Propranolol
Atenolol
Nitrate... -Given sublingually in emergent situations... -Relaxes v…
-Nitrate... -Oral drug used as anginal PREVENTION... -Bypasses firs…
-Non-selective Beta blocker
-Selective Beta blocker
Nitroglycerine
Nitrate... -Given sublingually in emergent situations... -Relaxes v…
Isosorbide Mononitrate
-Nitrate... -Oral drug used as anginal PREVENTION... -Bypasses firs…
14 terms
Drugs Used in Heart Failure
Furosemide
Hydrochlorothiazide
Spironolactone
ACE inhibitors
- diuretic... - MOA: loop diuretic: decreases NaCl and KCl reabs…
- diuretic... - MOA: decreases NaCl reabsorption in the distal c…
- aldosterone antagonists... - MOA: blocks cytoplasmic aldostero…
- i.e. Captopril... - angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibi…
Furosemide
- diuretic... - MOA: loop diuretic: decreases NaCl and KCl reabs…
Hydrochlorothiazide
- diuretic... - MOA: decreases NaCl reabsorption in the distal c…
82 terms
Drugs Used in Heart Failure
High risk for developing heart failure
Asymptomatic heart failure
Symptomatic heart failure
Refractory end-stage heart failure
What is Stage A heart failure?
What is Stage B heart failure?
What is Stage C heart failure?
What is Stage D heart failure?
High risk for developing heart failure
What is Stage A heart failure?
Asymptomatic heart failure
What is Stage B heart failure?
35 terms
Heart Failure Drugs
diastolic HF... HFpEF
systolic HF... HFrEF
American Heart Association/America Col…
New York Heart Association classes
-stiff ventricles --> restricted diastolic filling... - *> 40%…
-increased preload... -dilated cardio myopathy... - < 40% EF... -L…
-A: high risk, no structural heart dz or sx... -B: structural he…
-I: sx only upon levels of exertion that would limit normal i…
diastolic HF... HFpEF
-stiff ventricles --> restricted diastolic filling... - *> 40%…
systolic HF... HFrEF
-increased preload... -dilated cardio myopathy... - < 40% EF... -L…
94 terms
Heart failure drugs
Edema
Edema
Renal dysfunction... Heart failure
Pulmonary edema
Fluid overload in vascular compartment and spills into inters…
What do diuretics primarily treat?
What are two main causes of edema?
What type of edema forms in left heart failure?
Edema
Fluid overload in vascular compartment and spills into inters…
Edema
What do diuretics primarily treat?
12 terms
Heart Failure Drugs
Hydrochlorothiazide
Furosemide, Torsemide
Dobutamine
Digoxin
Diuretic... MoA: inhibit the Na/Cl symporter in the distal convo…
Diuretic... MoA: inhibits NKCC2 in the thick ascending limb of t…
Selective Beta-1 Agonist... ID: inotropic support in short-term…
Cardiac Glycoside... MoA: inhibits Na/K ATPase, increases intrac…
Hydrochlorothiazide
Diuretic... MoA: inhibit the Na/Cl symporter in the distal convo…
Furosemide, Torsemide
Diuretic... MoA: inhibits NKCC2 in the thick ascending limb of t…
46 terms
Heart Failure Drugs
Loop Diuretics
Thiazide Diuretics
Furosemide
Bumatemide
Reduce congestion, don't lower CHF mortality, cause hypokalemia
Lower blood pressure, cause hyponatremia
Loop diuretic
Loop diuretic
Loop Diuretics
Reduce congestion, don't lower CHF mortality, cause hypokalemia
Thiazide Diuretics
Lower blood pressure, cause hyponatremia
34 terms
Drugs Used in Heart Failure
1. Stage A... 2. Stage D... 3. Stage C... 4. St…
1. Class III... 2. Class II... 3. Class I... 4.…
Heart failure... Untreated coronary arte…
Systolic failure - this is a problem w…
According to the AHA, what category/stage of HF do the follow…
According to the NYHA heart failure symptom classification sy…
What is the the following:... When cardiac output is inadequate…
There are two types of failure in patients with heart failure…
1. Stage A... 2. Stage D... 3. Stage C... 4. St…
According to the AHA, what category/stage of HF do the follow…
1. Class III... 2. Class II... 3. Class I... 4.…
According to the NYHA heart failure symptom classification sy…
34 terms
Drugs Used in Heart Failure
1. Stage A... 2. Stage D... 3. Stage C... 4. St…
1. Class III... 2. Class II... 3. Class I... 4.…
Heart failure... Untreated coronary arte…
Systolic failure - this is a problem w…
According to the AHA, what category/stage of HF do the follow…
According to the NYHA heart failure symptom classification sy…
What is the the following:... When cardiac output is inadequate…
There are two types of failure in patients with heart failure…
1. Stage A... 2. Stage D... 3. Stage C... 4. St…
According to the AHA, what category/stage of HF do the follow…
1. Class III... 2. Class II... 3. Class I... 4.…
According to the NYHA heart failure symptom classification sy…
51 terms
Drugs Used in Heart Failure
INTRO
What is the ultimate goal of decreased…
List the risk factors associated with…
According to the AHA, what *category/s…
...
increase CO - ensures rest of body is not effected.... Example:…
1. HTN... 2. Coronary Artery D+... 3. MI... 4. DM... 5. Family history of…
1. Stage A... 2. Stage D... 3. Stage C... 4. Stage B... Stage C ... S…
INTRO
...
What is the ultimate goal of decreased…
increase CO - ensures rest of body is not effected.... Example:…
25 terms
4 - Drugs in Heart Failure
What two major attributes of the heart…
What are the two types of HF?
What are the attributes in systolic dy…
What are the attributes in diastolic d…
The ability of the heart to fill with blood & the ability to…
Systolic dysfunction (inability to pump)... Diastolic dysfunctio…
EF < 45% (normal is ~60%)... Thin walls & Big chambers (contract…
Thickened, stiff ventricle walls... EF same but reduced preload,…
What two major attributes of the heart…
The ability of the heart to fill with blood & the ability to…
What are the two types of HF?
Systolic dysfunction (inability to pump)... Diastolic dysfunctio…
33 terms
Drugs for angina and heart failure
When does unstable angina occur?
Prinzmetal angina is also know as what?
What are the 3 common drugs used to tr…
Beta blockers have what suffix?
Happens at rest, more predictive of MI
vasospastic angina
CCB's, beta blockers, nitrates/nitrites
"-olol"
When does unstable angina occur?
Happens at rest, more predictive of MI
Prinzmetal angina is also know as what?
vasospastic angina
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