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Study sets matching "hematological disorders"

34 terms
Hematological Disorders
Hemoglobin: Genetics
Components of Hemoglobin Subtypes
Globin Genes & Development
Pre- and Postnatal Globin Synthesis
• HbA: α2 β2... • HbF: α2 γ2... - Present in fetal life... • Hb…
Hemoglobin: Genetics
Components of Hemoglobin Subtypes
• HbA: α2 β2... • HbF: α2 γ2... - Present in fetal life... • Hb…
90 terms
hematological disorders
what causes red blood cells to be prod…
what does anemia do to the body?
what are the 4 primary causes of anemia?
Examples of blood loss... acute vs chronic
We make RBCs in bone marrow... When we use them up (RBCs contai…
lowers the capacity to carry O2 throughout the body
BLOOD LOSS... DEFICIENT ERYTHROPOEISIS... HEMOLYSIS... DEFECTIVE HE…
Acute: hemorrhage, menstruation... Chronic: ulcers, slow GI ble…
what causes red blood cells to be prod…
We make RBCs in bone marrow... When we use them up (RBCs contai…
what does anemia do to the body?
lowers the capacity to carry O2 throughout the body
50 terms
hematological disorders
what is the function of RBCs, WBCs & p…
what is anemia?
what are the 3 causes of anemia?
The amount of oxygen carried to the ti…
RBCs = O2 to tissues & take away CO2... WBCs = IMS; protection f…
a deficiency of red blood cells or of hemoglobin in the blood…
blood loss (acute or chronic)... lack of RBC production... increase…
Available O2... # of RBCs ... Ability of cardiovascular system to d…
what is the function of RBCs, WBCs & p…
RBCs = O2 to tissues & take away CO2... WBCs = IMS; protection f…
what is anemia?
a deficiency of red blood cells or of hemoglobin in the blood…
55 terms
Hematological Disorders
Erythropoiesis
Erythropoiesis regulation
Functions of Red Blood Cells:
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR)
the process of producing red blood cells by the stem cells in…
Transport... •O2, CO2, metabolic wastes, nutrients, heat & hormo…
-The sedimentation rate (sed rate) blood test measures how qu…
Erythropoiesis
the process of producing red blood cells by the stem cells in…
Erythropoiesis regulation
11 terms
Hematological disorders
Acute Myeloid
Chronic Myeloid
s/s of Acute myeloid
Complication of Acute Myeloid
Defect hematologic stem cell
Mutation in the myeloid cells with uncontrolled proliferation…
fever, Infection, weakness, Fatigue anemia bone pain
Bleeding and Infection
Acute Myeloid
Defect hematologic stem cell
Chronic Myeloid
Mutation in the myeloid cells with uncontrolled proliferation…
14 terms
Hematological Disorders
Steps in coagulation
Hemophilia, Type A
Hemophilia Type B
VonWillebrand Disease
1. Blood vessel constricts... 2. Platelets stick to patch area... 3…
X-linked (F8)... Joint bleeding, prolonged bleeding, muscle hema…
"Christmas disease"... X-Linked recessive (F9)... <30% activity of…
Most common inherited bleeding disorder... Dominant>Recessive... Ea…
Steps in coagulation
1. Blood vessel constricts... 2. Platelets stick to patch area... 3…
Hemophilia, Type A
X-linked (F8)... Joint bleeding, prolonged bleeding, muscle hema…
190 terms
Hematological Disorders
Leukemia
Immature WBC's
Ionizing Radiation, exposure to chemic…
Anemia
A group of malignant disorders affecting the blood and blood-…
What is there an over production of in Leukemia?
Name several causes and risk factors for getting Leukemia.
The overproduction of immature WBC's will crowd out the other…
Leukemia
A group of malignant disorders affecting the blood and blood-…
Immature WBC's
What is there an over production of in Leukemia?
46 terms
Hematological Disorders
Anemia
Anemia Pathophysiology
Iron Deficiency Anemia
Iron deficiency anemia causes
Deficiency of RBC's or insufficient Hb within the RBC's... B/C H…
Impaired production of RBC's i.e. aplastic anemia and nutriti…
Most common nutrient deficiency in the world... occurs when the…
insufficient intake of iron, excessive blood loss or persiste…
Anemia
Deficiency of RBC's or insufficient Hb within the RBC's... B/C H…
Anemia Pathophysiology
Impaired production of RBC's i.e. aplastic anemia and nutriti…
50 terms
hematological disorders
what is the function of RBCs, WBCs & p…
what is anemia?
what are the 3 causes of anemia?
The amount of oxygen carried to the ti…
RBCs = O2 to tissues & take away CO2... WBCs = IMS; protection f…
a deficiency of red blood cells or of hemoglobin in the blood…
blood loss (acute or chronic)... lack of RBC production... increase…
Available O2... # of RBCs ... Ability of cardiovascular system to d…
what is the function of RBCs, WBCs & p…
RBCs = O2 to tissues & take away CO2... WBCs = IMS; protection f…
what is anemia?
a deficiency of red blood cells or of hemoglobin in the blood…
90 terms
hematological disorders
what causes red blood cells to be prod…
what does anemia do to the body?
what are the 4 primary causes of anemia?
Examples of blood loss... acute vs chronic
We make RBCs in bone marrow... When we use them up (RBCs contai…
lowers the capacity to carry O2 throughout the body
BLOOD LOSS... DEFICIENT ERYTHROPOEISIS... HEMOLYSIS... DEFECTIVE HE…
Acute: hemorrhage, menstruation... Chronic: ulcers, slow GI ble…
what causes red blood cells to be prod…
We make RBCs in bone marrow... When we use them up (RBCs contai…
what does anemia do to the body?
lowers the capacity to carry O2 throughout the body
39 terms
Hematological Disorders
Major RBC Disorders
Anemia
Size Classification of Anemia
Pancytopenia
-Anemia... -Polycythemia... -Pancytopenia... -Thalassemia... Problem can…
Abnormally low hemoglobin concentration or *not enough heal…
-Microcytic (smaller than normal RBC)... -Macrocytic (larger tha…
Deficiency of all three blood cell types.... -Characteristic o…
Major RBC Disorders
-Anemia... -Polycythemia... -Pancytopenia... -Thalassemia... Problem can…
Anemia
Abnormally low hemoglobin concentration or *not enough heal…
31 terms
Hematological Disorders
What s/s will your patient portray if…
What synthetic hormone stimulates the…
In Aplastic anemia the patient has a l…
What is the appropriate nursing care f…
Yellowing of eyes/skin, fainting, chest pain, angina, heart a…
Epoetin alfa (Procrit)
Pancytopenia (WBC, RBC, platelets)
Apply pressure for 10-15 minutes, frequent vitals, apply a pr…
What s/s will your patient portray if…
Yellowing of eyes/skin, fainting, chest pain, angina, heart a…
What synthetic hormone stimulates the…
Epoetin alfa (Procrit)
50 terms
Hematological Disorders
A patient develops hemolytic anemia af…
A 32-year-old male of Mediterranean de…
What is the most common cause of micro…
What is the most common physical exam…
Answer: C. Supportive treatment... Explanation: Hemolytic anemi…
Answer: A. Hemolytic... Explanation: Sulfa medications can caus…
Answer: A. Iron deficiency... Explanation: All of the answers l…
Answer: D. Conjunctival pallor... Explanation: Conjunctival pal…
A patient develops hemolytic anemia af…
Answer: C. Supportive treatment... Explanation: Hemolytic anemi…
A 32-year-old male of Mediterranean de…
Answer: A. Hemolytic... Explanation: Sulfa medications can caus…
23 terms
Hematological Disorders
Pediatric Considerations
Heme Assessment
Iron Deficiency Anemia
IDA Risk Factors
Children compensate well to low hemoglobin levels, fetal iron…
CBC is the most common tool (left shift usually indicates a n…
The most common nutrition disorder in US (higher in Hispanic…
Preemies (low fetal iron supply since iron is stored in the l…
Pediatric Considerations
Children compensate well to low hemoglobin levels, fetal iron…
Heme Assessment
CBC is the most common tool (left shift usually indicates a n…
52 terms
Hematological Disorders
3 types of Blood Cells
Erythrocyte Production
Anemia
CM of Anemia
erythrocytes, leukocytes, thrombocytes
regulated by 02 requirements, metabolic activity, erythropoie…
dec in # of RBC's, hematocrit, hemoglobin
CV - inc HR, angina, MI, CHF... Resp. - inc RR, dyspnea ... Neuro.…
3 types of Blood Cells
erythrocytes, leukocytes, thrombocytes
Erythrocyte Production
regulated by 02 requirements, metabolic activity, erythropoie…
9 terms
Hematological disorders
anemia
iron-deficiency anemia
pernicious anemia
aplastic anemia
causes a reduction in O2 transport: basic problem is a hemogl…
insufficient iron impairs hemoglobin synthesis. Caused by: lo…
vitamin b12 deficiency, due to lack of intrinsic factor. larg…
impairment or failure of bone marrow; often idiopathic (rando…
anemia
causes a reduction in O2 transport: basic problem is a hemogl…
iron-deficiency anemia
insufficient iron impairs hemoglobin synthesis. Caused by: lo…
Hematological Disorders
Common hemtological disorders
RBCs
Anemia
Acute or Chronic Loss of Blood
Anemia... Cancer of the blood... Platelet disorders
Fromed in flat bones... 1/2 life-120 days... Removed by spleen... Orga…
Reduced Hemoglobin... Causes-loss of erythrocytes, hemolysis, de…
Hemorrahage... Excessive menstration... Bleeding hemorrhoids... GI ble…
Common hemtological disorders
Anemia... Cancer of the blood... Platelet disorders
RBCs
Fromed in flat bones... 1/2 life-120 days... Removed by spleen... Orga…
68 terms
Hematological Disorders
Bone Marrow
Blood Cell Types
Spleen role
Lymph System
Blood forming tissue
Erythrocytes... Leukocytes... Platelets
production and removal of blood cells, forming part of the im…
lymphatic capillaries, ducts, lymph nodes
Bone Marrow
Blood forming tissue
Blood Cell Types
Erythrocytes... Leukocytes... Platelets
33 terms
Hematological Disorders
erythropoiesis
erythropoietin
RBC production requirements (5)
average lifespan of a RBC
erythrocyte production
released by the kidneys in response to hypoxemia (low O2 leve…
iron... folate... B12... erythropoietin... functional stem cells
100-120 days
erythropoiesis
erythrocyte production
erythropoietin
released by the kidneys in response to hypoxemia (low O2 leve…
52 terms
Hematological Disorders
Hematopoiesis
Blood cell production per day
Colony stimulating factor
Erythropoiesis
Creation of blood cells ... Derived from stem cells and producti…
The human body requires production of 100 billion blood cells…
Stimulate the proliferation of progenitor cells... Necessary for…
The development of the specific red blood cell... Requires iron,…
Hematopoiesis
Creation of blood cells ... Derived from stem cells and producti…
Blood cell production per day
The human body requires production of 100 billion blood cells…
48 terms
Hematological disorders
RBC primary role
RBC stimulus
RBC are produced where?
Immature cell in 1%of circulating RBC
Oxygenation, acid-base balance
Erythropoeitin (kidney), cytokines
Bone marrow, stem cell (pluripotent)
Reticulocyte
RBC primary role
Oxygenation, acid-base balance
RBC stimulus
Erythropoeitin (kidney), cytokines
69 terms
hematological disorders
activated partial thromboplastin (aPTT)
platelet adhesion
platelet aggregation
allele
measures the activity of the intrinsic and common pathways of…
adhesion of platelets to any area with damaged blood vessel…
progressive accumulation of platelets, attracted by other pla…
one of two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise by…
activated partial thromboplastin (aPTT)
measures the activity of the intrinsic and common pathways of…
platelet adhesion
adhesion of platelets to any area with damaged blood vessel…
53 terms
Hematological Disorders
erythrocytes definition
erythrocytes function
anemia definition
causes of anemia
RBCs, biconcave disc, made by flat bones, half life is 120 da…
carry hemoglobin to transport O2, CO2 and buffer pH by attach…
reduced hemoglobin
loss of erythrocytes, hemolysis (increased destruction of ery…
erythrocytes definition
RBCs, biconcave disc, made by flat bones, half life is 120 da…
erythrocytes function
carry hemoglobin to transport O2, CO2 and buffer pH by attach…
43 terms
Hematological Disorders
Anemia
Compensation for Anemia
Stoelting's anemia values
Acute Anemia
- The reduction in the total number of RBCs in the circulatin…
Right shift in dissociation curve... Blood redistribution... Increa…
- Female Hb < 11.5 g/dL (Hct 36%)... - Male Hb < 12.5 g/dL (Hct…
Fall in Hct of > 1% / 24 hrs... - Active bleeding (usually GI)... -…
Anemia
- The reduction in the total number of RBCs in the circulatin…
Compensation for Anemia
Right shift in dissociation curve... Blood redistribution... Increa…
20 terms
Hematological Disorders
Erythrocyte functions
Leukocyte functions
Plasma functions
Hematopoiesis
Carry oxygen to tissues and remove carbon dioxide from them
Act in inflammatory & immune responses
Carries antibodies and nutrients to tissues and removes waste…
Formation of blood cells.
Erythrocyte functions
Carry oxygen to tissues and remove carbon dioxide from them
Leukocyte functions
Act in inflammatory & immune responses
33 terms
Hematological Disorders
Iron Deficiency Anemia
Iron Deficiency Anemia:... causes
Iron Deficiency Anemia:... manifestations
Iron Deficiency Anemia:... Patient Educat…
Most common nutrition deficiency ... macrocytic and hypochromic:…
decreased intake of fortified formula... excessive cow's milk co…
fatigue... pallor: "porcelain baby", "milk baby" - conjunctiva... l…
dropper/syringe usage... wipe teeth after administration... O.J. ch…
Iron Deficiency Anemia
Most common nutrition deficiency ... macrocytic and hypochromic:…
Iron Deficiency Anemia:... causes
decreased intake of fortified formula... excessive cow's milk co…
40 terms
Hematological Disorders
Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)
Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Clinical Ma…
Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL)
Acute Lymphocytic Anemia Clinical Mani…
Uncontrolled proliferation of myeloblasts and hyperplasia of…
Fatigue and weakness, headache, mouth sores, anemia, bleeding…
Immature small lymphocytes proliferate in the bone marrow; mo…
Fever, pallor, bleeding, anorexia, fatigue and weakness. Bone…
Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)
Uncontrolled proliferation of myeloblasts and hyperplasia of…
Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Clinical Ma…
Fatigue and weakness, headache, mouth sores, anemia, bleeding…
7 terms
Hematological Disorders
Nutritional anemia, megaloblastic, mic…
Megaloblastic anemia
Microcytic anemia
Iron depletion
The most common form of anemia, further classified as _______…
Large, irregular, oval shaped RBC with decreased capacity to…
Small, hypochromic, pale RBC, with impaired heme synthesis re…
Subclinical phase, there is increased transferrin iron-bindin…
Nutritional anemia, megaloblastic, mic…
The most common form of anemia, further classified as _______…
Megaloblastic anemia
Large, irregular, oval shaped RBC with decreased capacity to…
17 terms
Hematological Disorders
Sickle Cell Anemia
Lab tests for Sickle Cell
Manifestations of Sickle Cell
Sickle Cell Crisis
Disorder of hemoglobin production... Normal HbA is partly or com…
-Newborn Screen-includes a test for SCA... -CBC... -Sickledex(sickl…
Sx's not present until 4-6 mos. d/t high HbgF... General Sx's... -…
Acute exacerbations of the disease... Triggers:... Dehydration... Inf…
Sickle Cell Anemia
Disorder of hemoglobin production... Normal HbA is partly or com…
Lab tests for Sickle Cell
-Newborn Screen-includes a test for SCA... -CBC... -Sickledex(sickl…
28 terms
Hematological Disorders
Hgb
Hemaglobinopathies
Thalassemias
Similarities between Hemaglobinopathie…
Tetramer made of two pairs of unlike globin chains. 95% is Hg…
Caused by abnormal structure of globins.
Caused by abnormal low amounts of normal globins.
Genetic... Effect globin... Manifestations can be similar
Hgb
Tetramer made of two pairs of unlike globin chains. 95% is Hg…
Hemaglobinopathies
Caused by abnormal structure of globins.
99 terms
Hematological Disorders
3 components of blood
thrombocyte =
oxygen binds to ___________
RBC are responsible for _____________
RBC... WBC... platelets
platelets
hemoglobin
oxygenation
3 components of blood
RBC... WBC... platelets
thrombocyte =
platelets
8 terms
Hematological Disorders
Anemia of acute blood loss
Normal RBC
Anemia of chronic blood loss
Sickle cell
Causes- trauma, birth, GI bleed... S&S- tachycardia, hypotension…
F- 4.0-4.9 million cells/microliter... M- 4.5-5.5 million cells/…
Causes- gradual bleeding by GI tract or excessive menstrual l…
Causes- genetic disorder... S&S- hypoxia, decreased O2... Labs- dec…
Anemia of acute blood loss
Causes- trauma, birth, GI bleed... S&S- tachycardia, hypotension…
Normal RBC
F- 4.0-4.9 million cells/microliter... M- 4.5-5.5 million cells/…
Hematological disorders
Red Marrow
Lymph
Thymus
Spleen
blood cells are formed here
White cell function
T cell maturation
extra red cells, has immunity, destroys old red cells
Red Marrow
blood cells are formed here
Lymph
White cell function
18 terms
hematological disorders
an increased number of erythrocytes in…
normal HCT for men and women----normal…
__________ polycythemia is a myeloprol…
SS: from increased blood _________= He…
polycythemia vera, 60, 18.5, 16.5
40-50, 36-40, 12-18, 12-16
primary, hypercellular, elevated, spleen, enlarges, fibrotic…
PV, volume, viscosity, uric acid, histamine, water, erythomel…
an increased number of erythrocytes in…
polycythemia vera, 60, 18.5, 16.5
normal HCT for men and women----normal…
40-50, 36-40, 12-18, 12-16
62 terms
Hematological Disorders
RBC disorders
Decreased RBC Production
Increased RBC destruction
Blood loss
Reduction in the number of RBCs, reduction in the amount of h…
Iron deficiency... Vitamin B12 deficiency... Folic acid deficiency…
Sickle cell anemia ... Antibodies... Infection... Toxins
Acute and Chronic
RBC disorders
Reduction in the number of RBCs, reduction in the amount of h…
Decreased RBC Production
Iron deficiency... Vitamin B12 deficiency... Folic acid deficiency…
51 terms
Hematological Disorders
elevated red blood cells
decreased red blood cells
increased white blood cells
decreased white blood cells
polycythemia
anemia
infection
pancytopenia/leukopenia
elevated red blood cells
polycythemia
decreased red blood cells
anemia
42 terms
Hematological Disorders
Occurs when the body does not have eno…
Irritability, headache, dizziness, wea…
o Decreased H & H... o Microcytosis ... o Hy…
o Infant formulas fortified with iron.…
Iron deficiency Anemia
Nursing assessment of a child with iron deficiency anemia
Labs & Diagnostics indicating iron deficiency anemia
Nursing management of iron deficient anemia.
Occurs when the body does not have eno…
Iron deficiency Anemia
Irritability, headache, dizziness, wea…
Nursing assessment of a child with iron deficiency anemia
74 terms
Hematological Disorders
Anemia
System specific assessments for anemia
Signs of severe anemia
RBC count
abnormally low amount of circulating red blood cells, hemoglo…
- pallor... - fatigue... - irritability ... - numbness/tingling in ext…
chest pain, angina, heart attack, dizziness and fainting
Male 4.7 - 6.1 ... Female 4.2 - 5.4
Anemia
abnormally low amount of circulating red blood cells, hemoglo…
System specific assessments for anemia
- pallor... - fatigue... - irritability ... - numbness/tingling in ext…
78 terms
Hematological Disorders
Composition of Blood... Blood is compose…
Blood Clotting
Describe steps of Hemostasis (blood cl…
______ breaks down the blood clot
PLASMA... CELLULAR COMPONENTS: Erythrocytes (RBCs), Leukocytes (…
Hemostasis
1. Vasconstriction or vascular spasm after injury... 2. Platelet…
Plasmin
Composition of Blood... Blood is compose…
PLASMA... CELLULAR COMPONENTS: Erythrocytes (RBCs), Leukocytes (…
Blood Clotting
Hemostasis
Hematological disorders
Erythrocytes
Anemia
Loss of erythrocytes
Sickle Cell disease
RBC... 1/2 life-120 days... Removed by spleen... Organelles-plasmalemm…
Reduced hemoglobin... Causes-loss of erythrocytes, hemolysis, de…
Acute or chronic loss of blood... Mechanical or autoimmune hemol…
AA more common... Hemoglobin sickles... The flat red blood cell sic…
Erythrocytes
RBC... 1/2 life-120 days... Removed by spleen... Organelles-plasmalemm…
Anemia
Reduced hemoglobin... Causes-loss of erythrocytes, hemolysis, de…
12 terms
Hematological disorders
Iron-deficiency anemia
Aplastic Anemia
Pernicious anemia
Blood transfusions
=small-cell anemia (microcytic); d/t chronic blood loss or la…
=normal cell (normacytic) anemia, d/t acute blood loss or che…
= large cell (megaloblastic) anemia, d/t B12 or folic acid de…
1. Physician order + patient consent signed... 2. Pt blood types…
Iron-deficiency anemia
=small-cell anemia (microcytic); d/t chronic blood loss or la…
Aplastic Anemia
=normal cell (normacytic) anemia, d/t acute blood loss or che…
45 terms
Hematological Disorders
Rationale for the use of Heparin for DVT
Embolus
Intrinsic Coagulation Pathway
Extrinsic Coagulation Pathway
used to minimize further consumption of clotting factors. The…
- Embolus from left ventricle- ischemic stroke or distal arte…
initiated when blood comes into contact with altered vascular…
begins when the vascular wall is traumatized (crush injury)... -…
Rationale for the use of Heparin for DVT
used to minimize further consumption of clotting factors. The…
Embolus
- Embolus from left ventricle- ischemic stroke or distal arte…
14 terms
Hematological Disorders
Cresent shaped
Platelet count less than 100,000
DIC
Mononucleosis
Sickle cell
...
...
...
Cresent shaped
Sickle cell
Platelet count less than 100,000
...
28 terms
Hematological Disorders
Anemia-Nursing Care
Pernicious Anemia- Nursing Care
Aplastic Anemia- Nursing Care
WBC range
decrease in the number of RBC or decrease in the capability t…
Intrinsic factor missing resulting in an inability to absorb…
body stops producing enough new blood cells- S/S: Leukopenia…
5,000 - 10,000
Anemia-Nursing Care
decrease in the number of RBC or decrease in the capability t…
Pernicious Anemia- Nursing Care
Intrinsic factor missing resulting in an inability to absorb…
36 terms
Hematological Disorders
RBC's
WBC
Platelets... (thrombocytes)
hematopoiesis
3.5-6.7... last 120 days
5-10K... 13-20 days
150-400K... 5-7 days
continual process of replenishing blood supply... formation and…
RBC's
3.5-6.7... last 120 days
WBC
5-10K... 13-20 days
25 terms
Hematological Disorders
Iron Deficiency Anemia
B12 Deficiency
Folate Deficiency
Hemolytic Anemia
Pallor, fatigability, weakness, dizziness, irritability... Pagop…
Megaloblastic Anemia... Presents with:... 1) methylmalonyl acidem…
Homocysteineremia... megaloblastic anemia... related to diet... Assoc…
Primary (Congenital) vs. Secondary (acquired)... Indirect Signs…
Iron Deficiency Anemia
Pallor, fatigability, weakness, dizziness, irritability... Pagop…
B12 Deficiency
Megaloblastic Anemia... Presents with:... 1) methylmalonyl acidem…
52 terms
Hematological Disorders
lymphoid
myeloid
reticulocyte
extramedullary hematopoiesis
This type of progenitor gives rise to lymphocytes and natural…
This type of progenitor gives rise to all WBCs other than lym…
The formation of the _______ is toward the end of erythropoie…
This type of "blood generation" occurs outside of the bone; u…
lymphoid
This type of progenitor gives rise to lymphocytes and natural…
myeloid
This type of progenitor gives rise to all WBCs other than lym…
31 terms
Hematological Disorders
Components of Blood
Functions of Blood
Hematopoiesis
Red Blood Cell Production
Plasma (55%)... RBC's (45%)... WBC's and platelets (<1%)
Erythrocytes carry oxygen to tissues and remove carbon dioxid…
Formation of blood cells
Origin in bone marrow ... Regulated by oxygen demand and the blo…
Components of Blood
Plasma (55%)... RBC's (45%)... WBC's and platelets (<1%)
Functions of Blood
Erythrocytes carry oxygen to tissues and remove carbon dioxid…
119 terms
Hematological Disorders
what makes up the hematological system
what is blood composed of
what does the RES produce
what are the three primary blood cell…
blood, bone marrow and RES
plasma and other cells
macrophages, bone marrow, lymph, and blood cells
erythrocytes, leukocytes, thrombocytes
what makes up the hematological system
blood, bone marrow and RES
what is blood composed of
plasma and other cells
29 terms
Hematological Disorders
Food Allergies That Children Usually O…
Food Allergies That Persist Throughout…
Allergic Response
Atopy
Egg, soy, milk, wheat
Shellfish, fish, tree nuts, peanut
IgE antibodies respond, mast cells activated, histamine relea…
Allergic reactions not life threatening (eczema, allergic rhi…
Food Allergies That Children Usually O…
Egg, soy, milk, wheat
Food Allergies That Persist Throughout…
Shellfish, fish, tree nuts, peanut
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