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Study sets matching "heredity chapter 1"

16 terms
Cells and Heredity Chapter 1
unicellular
multicellular
microscope
bacteria
organisms made of a single cell
composed of several or many cells.
an instrument which makes an obje
a large group of one-celled organisms that sometimes cause di…
unicellular
organisms made of a single cell
multicellular
composed of several or many cells.
20 terms
Human Heredity Chapter 1
Genetics
Trait
DNA
Transmission genetics
The scientific study of heredity.
Any observable property of an organism.
A helical molecule consisting of two strands of nucleotides t…
The branch of genetics concerned with the mechanisms by which…
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity.
Trait
Any observable property of an organism.
15 terms
Chapter 1 heredity
Inherit
Genetics
Offsprings
Allele
To receive something from someone who came before you
The scientific study of inheritance. The field of genetics se…
They are children from male and female parents
One of two or more alternate forms of a gene found at the sam…
Inherit
To receive something from someone who came before you
Genetics
The scientific study of inheritance. The field of genetics se…
34 terms
Heredity Chapter 1
genetics
Gregor Mendel
pea plants
assexual reproduction
the study of the passing on of characteristics from an organi…
the father of genetics
What Mendel studied to find many genetic principles
reproduction of an organism without sex (budding, clippings)
genetics
the study of the passing on of characteristics from an organi…
Gregor Mendel
the father of genetics
68 terms
Heredity, Chapter 1
Cell Cycle, Interphase
Stages of Interphase
Cell Cycle, Prophase
Cell Cycle, Metaphase
- Cell grows, develops, and prepares for cell division... - Mito…
G1 - Cell growth, proteins necessary for cell division... G1/S C…
- Most eventful... - Chromatin condenses coils... - Centrioles migr…
- Genetic material line up in the middle of equator - chromos…
Cell Cycle, Interphase
- Cell grows, develops, and prepares for cell division... - Mito…
Stages of Interphase
G1 - Cell growth, proteins necessary for cell division... G1/S C…
11 terms
Cells & Heredity Chapter 1
unicellular
multicellular
prokaryotic
eukaryotic
organisms made of a single cell
organisms made of many cells cells
cells with no nucleus
cells with a nucleus
unicellular
organisms made of a single cell
multicellular
organisms made of many cells cells
15 terms
Chapter 1 Heredity
Inherit
Genetics
Offspring
Allele
Is to receive something from someone who came before you. We…
Is the study of inheritance. The field of genetics seeks to e…
Children from male and female parents
One of two or more alternative forms of a gene found at the s…
Inherit
Is to receive something from someone who came before you. We…
Genetics
Is the study of inheritance. The field of genetics seeks to e…
34 terms
Cells & Heredity- Chapter 1
cell
microscope
cell theory
Robert Hooke
Basic unit of structure and function in living things
An instrument that makes small objects look larger
"The theory that all living things are made of cells, that ce…
1st person to observe cells using compound microscope
cell
Basic unit of structure and function in living things
microscope
An instrument that makes small objects look larger
30 terms
Cells and Heredity - Chapter 1
cell
microscope
cell theory
organelle
the basic unit of structure and function in a living thing
an instrument that makes small objects look larger.
explanation of the relationship between cells and living thin…
tiny structure that carries out a specific function within th…
cell
the basic unit of structure and function in a living thing
microscope
an instrument that makes small objects look larger.
15 terms
Chapter 1 Heredity
Inherit
Genetics
Offspring
Allele
To receive something from someone who came before you. We inh…
Is the study of inheritance. The field of genetics seeks to e…
Are children from male and female parents.
One of two or more alternate forms of a gene found at the sam…
Inherit
To receive something from someone who came before you. We inh…
Genetics
Is the study of inheritance. The field of genetics seeks to e…
15 terms
Chapter 1 Heredity
Inherit
Genetics
Offspring
Allele
To receive something from someone that came before you. We in…
The study of inheritance. The field of genetics seeks to expl…
Children from male and female parents.
One of two or more alternative forms of a gene found at the s…
Inherit
To receive something from someone that came before you. We in…
Genetics
The study of inheritance. The field of genetics seeks to expl…
37 terms
Chapter 1 - Cells & Heredity
Sugar molecules can combine with one a…
the invention of the microscope made i…
which organelles store food and other…
enzymes are important because they....
starches
cells
vacuoles
speed up chemical reactions
Sugar molecules can combine with one a…
starches
the invention of the microscope made i…
cells
24 terms
Cells & Heredity Chapter 1 vocabulary
Cells
Cell Theory
Cell Wall
Cell Membrane
The basic unit of structure and function in living things.
A widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cel…
A rigid supporting layer that surrounds the cells of plants a…
A thin, flexible barrier that surrounds a cell and controls w…
Cells
The basic unit of structure and function in living things.
Cell Theory
A widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cel…
37 terms
Cells and Heredity, Chapter 1
element
compound
carbohydrate
lipid
any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
when two or more elements combine chemically
energy rich organic compounds made of the elements carbon, hy…
fats, oils, and waxes - compounds that are made mostly of car…
element
any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
compound
when two or more elements combine chemically
11 terms
Heredity Chapter 1 Vocabulary
genetics
gene
dominant
recessive
THE SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF HEREDITY
A FACTOR THAT CONTROLS A TRAIT; unit of heredity.
THE TRAIT ALWAYS SHOWS UP IN THE ORGANISM
An organism that has genes that are different for a trait
genetics
THE SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF HEREDITY
gene
A FACTOR THAT CONTROLS A TRAIT; unit of heredity.
23 terms
Heredity chapter 1
genes
deoxyribonucleic acid
genome
DNA structure
the units of heredity... biochenical instructions that tell t…
DNA
the complete set of genetic instructions characteristic of an…
DNA is a double helix in shape... sugar/phosphate backbone...…
genes
the units of heredity... biochenical instructions that tell t…
deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA
20 terms
Cells and Heredity - Chapter 1.2
Multi-cellular organisms
Osmosis
Diffusion
Passive transport
Cells are different from each other; have specialized cells
When water molecules move through a selectively permeable mem…
Moving from area of higher concentration to an area of lower…
When materials move through a cell membrane without using the…
Multi-cellular organisms
Cells are different from each other; have specialized cells
Osmosis
When water molecules move through a selectively permeable mem…
30 terms
Cells and Heredity, Chapter 1
element
compound
carbohydrate
lipid
any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
when two or more elements combine chemically
energy rich organic compounds made of the elements carbon, hy…
fats, oils, and waxes - compounds that are made mostly of car…
element
any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
compound
when two or more elements combine chemically
44 terms
cells and heredity chapter 1
cell wall
magnification
molecule
cell membrane
boundaries on the outside that surrounds the cell membrane on…
the ability to make something look bigger
the smallest unit of most compounds
the cell structure that controls what enters and leaves the c…
cell wall
boundaries on the outside that surrounds the cell membrane on…
magnification
the ability to make something look bigger
7 terms
Cells and Heredity Chapter 1, Lesson 4
selectively permeable
passive transport
diffusion
osmosis
some substances can cross the cell membrane and some cannot
the movement of dissolved materials across a cell membrane wi…
the process by which molecules move from an area of higher co…
diffusion of water molecules across a selectively permeable m…
selectively permeable
some substances can cross the cell membrane and some cannot
passive transport
the movement of dissolved materials across a cell membrane wi…
10 terms
Cells and Heredity, Chapter 1, Lesson 3
element
compound
carbohydrate
lipid
any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
when two or more elements combine chemically
energy rich organic compounds made of the elements carbon, hy…
fats, oils, and waxes - compounds that are made mostly of car…
element
any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
compound
when two or more elements combine chemically
13 terms
Cells & Heredity Chapter 1
prokaryotic
eukaryotic
cell membrane
cell wall
cells with no nucleus
cells with a nucleus
a protective covering enclosing a cell
a rigid protective covering in plant cells
prokaryotic
cells with no nucleus
eukaryotic
cells with a nucleus
23 terms
Human Heredity Chapter 1
sex selection
secondary sex characteristics
X chromosome
Y chromosome
a method of predetermining the sex of a child by using prefer…
changes in the body that occur in early teens that relate to…
the sex chromosome present in organisms (including humans) wh…
the sex chromosome present in organisms (including humans) wh…
sex selection
a method of predetermining the sex of a child by using prefer…
secondary sex characteristics
changes in the body that occur in early teens that relate to…
24 terms
Cells and Heredity Chapter 1 Vocabulary
Organism
Unicellular
Multicellular
Microscope
an individual living thing made up of one or many cells that…
organism that is made up of a single cell
organism that is made of many types of cells
instrument that uses glass lenses to magnify an object.
Organism
an individual living thing made up of one or many cells that…
Unicellular
organism that is made up of a single cell
13 terms
Cells & Heredity Chapter 1
prokaryotic
eukaryotic
cell membrane
cell wall
cells with no nucleus
cells with a nucleus
a protective covering enclosing a cell
a rigid protective covering in plant cells
prokaryotic
cells with no nucleus
eukaryotic
cells with a nucleus
20 terms
Cells & Heredity (Chapter 1)
Cell Theory
Cells
Organelles
Mitochondria
states that all living things are made of cells, cells are ba…
"building blocks" of which all living things are made
tiny structures that are found in a cell
produce energy in the cell by using oxygen to change nutrient…
Cell Theory
states that all living things are made of cells, cells are ba…
Cells
"building blocks" of which all living things are made
41 terms
Cells & Heredity - Chapter 1
cell
microscope
compound microscope
cell theory
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
an instrument that makes small objects look larger
a light microscope that has more than one lens
a widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cel…
cell
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
microscope
an instrument that makes small objects look larger
17 terms
Cells and Heredity, Chapter 1, Lesson 2
cell wall
cell membrane
nucleus
organelle
rigid layer that surrounds the cells of plants and some other…
controls which substances pass into and out of a cell
a large oval structure that acts as a cell's control center,…
tiny cell structures that carry out specific functions within…
cell wall
rigid layer that surrounds the cells of plants and some other…
cell membrane
controls which substances pass into and out of a cell
20 terms
Cells and Heredity Chapter 1 Section 1 & 2
Cell
Microscope
Compound microscope
Cell Theory
The basic unit of structure and function in living things.
An instrument that makes small objects look larger.
A light microscope that has more than one lens.
A widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cel…
Cell
The basic unit of structure and function in living things.
Microscope
An instrument that makes small objects look larger.
24 terms
Cells & Heredity Chapter 1
cells
were alive
part of the cell theory
different sizes and shapes
The microscope allowed Hooke to see "tiny rectangular rooms,"…
cells that Leeuwenhoek observed
All cells are produced from other cells. Cells are produced f…
cells in a many-celled organism often have this
cells
The microscope allowed Hooke to see "tiny rectangular rooms,"…
were alive
cells that Leeuwenhoek observed
32 terms
Chapter 1 Cells and Heredity
Cell
Cell Theory
Cell wall
Cell membrane
The basic unit of structure and function in living things
A widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cel…
A rigid supporting layer that surrounds the cells of plants a…
A thin flexible barrier that surrounds a cell and controls wh…
Cell
The basic unit of structure and function in living things
Cell Theory
A widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cel…
13 terms
Cells and Heredity Chapter 1.2
Nucleus
cell wall
cell membrane
chromatin
control center of cell. Brain of the cell.
a stiff layer of nonliving material that goes around the cell…
a cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
material in cells that contains DNA and carries genetic infor…
Nucleus
control center of cell. Brain of the cell.
cell wall
a stiff layer of nonliving material that goes around the cell…
16 terms
Cells and Heredity Chapter 1
multicellular
unicellular
microscope
bacteria
organisms made up of many cells
organisms made up of only one cell
an instrument which makes an object appear bigger than it is
tiny, single-celled organisms
multicellular
organisms made up of many cells
unicellular
organisms made up of only one cell
15 terms
Chapter 1 heredity
Inherit
Genetics
Offspring
Allele
Is to receive something from someone who came before you. We…
Is the study of inheritance explains how they passed down fro…
Are children from make and female parents
One of two or more alternative forms of a gene found out the…
Inherit
Is to receive something from someone who came before you. We…
Genetics
Is the study of inheritance explains how they passed down fro…
19 terms
Chapter 1: Human Heredity
Genetics
Inherited Traits
What does DNA contain?
What do genes instruct?
The study of inherited variation and traits.
Those controlled by genes
Genes
Cells
Genetics
The study of inherited variation and traits.
Inherited Traits
Those controlled by genes
16 terms
Heredity chapter 1
Inherit
Genetics
Offspring
Allele
The process in which genetic material is passed from parents…
The study of heredity and the variation of inherited characte…
Product of reproduction, a new organism produced by one or mo…
An alternative form of a gene.
Inherit
The process in which genetic material is passed from parents…
Genetics
The study of heredity and the variation of inherited characte…
15 terms
Chapter 1 Heredity
Inherit
Genetics
Offspring
Allele
inherit is to receive something from someone who came before…
is the study of inheritance. The field of genetics seeks to e…
Are children male and female parents
One of two or more alternative forms of a gene found the same…
Inherit
inherit is to receive something from someone who came before…
Genetics
is the study of inheritance. The field of genetics seeks to e…
26 terms
Chapter 1 Heredity
Probability
Heterozygous
Hybrid
Mendel
The likelihood that an event will or won't take place.
Another word meaning hybrid.
An organism that has two different genes for a trait.
The man who studied pea plants and the genetic traits.
Probability
The likelihood that an event will or won't take place.
Heterozygous
Another word meaning hybrid.
Chapter 1 Terms - Human Heredity
genetics
gene
genome
phenotype
the study of inherited variation
a sequence of DNA that instructs a cell to produce a particul…
the complete set of genetic instructions in the cells of a pa…
the expression of a gene in traits or symptoms
genetics
the study of inherited variation
gene
a sequence of DNA that instructs a cell to produce a particul…
15 terms
Chapter 1 Heredity
Inherit
Genetics
Offspring
Allele
to receive something from someone who came before you.
the study of inheritance. The field of genetics seeks to expl…
one plant's sex cells combine with another plant's sex cells.…
One of two or more alternative forms of a gene found at the s…
Inherit
to receive something from someone who came before you.
Genetics
the study of inheritance. The field of genetics seeks to expl…
15 terms
Chapter 1 Heredity
Inherit
Genetics
Offspring
Allele
To relieve something from someone who comes before you.
The study of inheritance
Children from male and female parents.
1 of 2 or more alternative forms of a gene found At the same…
Inherit
To relieve something from someone who comes before you.
Genetics
The study of inheritance
15 terms
Chapter 1 heredity
Inherit
Genetics
Offspring
Alleles
To revive something from something from someone who came befo…
Is the study of inheritance the field of genetics seeks to ex…
Are children from male and female parents
One of two or more alternative forms of genes found at the sa…
Inherit
To revive something from something from someone who came befo…
Genetics
Is the study of inheritance the field of genetics seeks to ex…
16 terms
Chapter 1 Heredity
Inherit
Genetics
Offspring
Allele
To recive something from someone who came before you.
Is the study of inheritance. The field of genetics seeks to e…
When male and femal animals mate.
One of two or more alternative forms of urgent found at the A…
Inherit
To recive something from someone who came before you.
Genetics
Is the study of inheritance. The field of genetics seeks to e…
15 terms
Chapter 1 heredity
Inheret
Genetics
Offspring
Allele
To receive something from someone who came before you we inhe…
The study of inheretence the field of genetics seeks to expla…
Are children from ale and female parents
One of two or more alternative forms of a gene found at the s…
Inheret
To receive something from someone who came before you we inhe…
Genetics
The study of inheretence the field of genetics seeks to expla…
15 terms
Chapter 1 Heredity
Inherit
Genetics
Offspring
Allele
To receive something from someone who came before you.
The study of inheritance. This field seeks to explain how tra…
The children of male and female parents.
One of two or more forms of a gene found on the same chromoso…
Inherit
To receive something from someone who came before you.
Genetics
The study of inheritance. This field seeks to explain how tra…
25 terms
Chapter 1- Cells Reproduction and Heredity
Chloroplast
Cell Wall
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Found only in plant cells , makes plant food (sugar) in photo…
A stiff outer layer that surrounds, protects and gives shape…
A cell's control center, controls all cell processes.
Found in the nucleus, carries an organism's genetic informati…
Chloroplast
Found only in plant cells , makes plant food (sugar) in photo…
Cell Wall
A stiff outer layer that surrounds, protects and gives shape…
31 terms
Cells and Heredity Chapter 1 Vocabulary and Review
an individual living thing made up of…
organism that is made up of a single c…
organism that is made up of many cells
instrument that uses glass lenses to m…
Organism
Unicellular
Multicellular
Microscope
an individual living thing made up of…
Organism
organism that is made up of a single c…
Unicellular
41 terms
Cells & Heredity chapter 1 study guide
What did Hooke observe?
What did Leeuwenhoek observe?
What did Schwann discover?
What did Schleiden discover?
Observed cork and gave cells their name
Observed living things that moved, first discovered bacteria
Found that all animals are made of cells
Found that all plants are made of cells
What did Hooke observe?
Observed cork and gave cells their name
What did Leeuwenhoek observe?
Observed living things that moved, first discovered bacteria
10 terms
Chapter 1: What is Heredity?
Heredity
Trait
Genetics
Fertilization
The passing of physical characteristics from parent to offspr…
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
The scientific study of heredity.
A new organism begins to form when egg and sperm cells join i…
Heredity
The passing of physical characteristics from parent to offspr…
Trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
15 terms
Chapter 1 heredity
Inherit
Genetics
Offspring
Allele
To receive something from someone who came before you.
Is the study of inheritance the field of this seeks to explai…
As a result of one sex cell combining with another sex cell a…
One of the two or more alternative form of a gene found at th…
Inherit
To receive something from someone who came before you.
Genetics
Is the study of inheritance the field of this seeks to explai…
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