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Study sets matching "heredity environment"

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Study sets matching "heredity environment"

20 terms
Heredity and Environment
eohippus
ancestors
biological parent
chromosome
a person related to you who lived a long time ago
The parents that gave birth to you
Cell structures that carry the genetic material that is copie…
eohippus
ancestors
a person related to you who lived a long time ago
23 terms
heredity and environment
chromosomes
gene
number of genes in humans
normative gene effects
consist of DNA molecules, 23 chromosome pairs
a section of a chromosome; produces specific proteins
about 20,000
gender, phyical apperance, temperament, tendencies for addict…
chromosomes
consist of DNA molecules, 23 chromosome pairs
gene
a section of a chromosome; produces specific proteins
10 terms
Heredity and environment
Heredity
Genes
Nature vs. nurture
Fraternal twins
Genetic trans mission of characteristics from parents to thei…
The basic building blocks of the body's physical structures
The debate over the role of inherited factors in environmenta…
Results from two different eggs fertilized by two different s…
Heredity
Genetic trans mission of characteristics from parents to thei…
Genes
The basic building blocks of the body's physical structures
25 terms
Heredity and Environment
gene
chromosomes
DNA
genetic code
basic unit of genetic code
molecules of DNA; each human has 46, 23 from each parent (gam…
molecule that contains chemical instructions for cells to man…
directs development, behavior, form
gene
basic unit of genetic code
chromosomes
molecules of DNA; each human has 46, 23 from each parent (gam…
28 terms
Heredity & Environment
Nature
Maturation
Nurture
How Heredity Works
refers to the biological and genetic foundation of an individ…
is the genetic process that guides the development of an indi…
has to do with the environmental factors that influence an in…
Cells are the fundamental building blocks of life. Within eac…
Nature
refers to the biological and genetic foundation of an individ…
Maturation
is the genetic process that guides the development of an indi…
10 terms
Heredity and environment
Heredity
Genes
Nature vs. nurture
Fraternal twins
Genetic trans mission of characteristics from parents to thei…
The basic building blocks of the body's physical structures
The debate over the role of inherited factors in environmenta…
Results from two different eggs fertilized by two different s…
Heredity
Genetic trans mission of characteristics from parents to thei…
Genes
The basic building blocks of the body's physical structures
10 terms
Environment and Heredity
heredity
offspring
inheritance
genes
process by which characteristics are passed on genetically fr…
the young of a person, animal, or plant born due to the repro…
something that is or may be acquired or obtained from your pa…
part of a chromosome containing DNA that determines the chara…
heredity
process by which characteristics are passed on genetically fr…
offspring
the young of a person, animal, or plant born due to the repro…
17 terms
Heredity and Environment
Acquired Trait
Inherited Trait
Genes
Environment
A characteristic you get from your environment. The way you w…
A characteristic you are born with. Your eye/hair color, etc.
The determiners of heredity.
Your environment are all of the influences affecting a person…
Acquired Trait
A characteristic you get from your environment. The way you w…
Inherited Trait
A characteristic you are born with. Your eye/hair color, etc.
13 terms
Heredity and Environment
DNA
Chromosomes
Gene
Gamete
The molecular basis of heredity, constructed of a double heli…
Each molecule of DNA is called a chromosome. A carrier of gen…
The basic unit for the transmission of heredity
Reproductive cells (sperm and ova)
DNA
The molecular basis of heredity, constructed of a double heli…
Chromosomes
Each molecule of DNA is called a chromosome. A carrier of gen…
86 terms
Heredity and Environment
DNA
chromosome
gene
allele
the chemical composition of the molecules that contain genes
one of 46 molecules of DNA (in pairs) that virtually each cel…
the basic unit for the transmission of heredity
a variation that makes a gene different in some ways from oth…
DNA
the chemical composition of the molecules that contain genes
chromosome
one of 46 molecules of DNA (in pairs) that virtually each cel…
18 terms
Heredity and Environment
zygote
XX
XY
genotype
The single cell formed from the union of two gametes, a sperm…
Female
male
n organism's entire genetic inheritance, or genetic potential…
zygote
The single cell formed from the union of two gametes, a sperm…
XX
Female
19 terms
Heredity and Environment
Gamete
Zygote
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
Chromosome
- Reproductive cell... - Ex: Sperm & Ova; contain half of genome…
- Single cell that is the combination of two gametes (usually…
- Chemical composition of molecules that contain genes
- Molecule of DNA contained within a cell... - In humans, there…
Gamete
- Reproductive cell... - Ex: Sperm & Ova; contain half of genome…
Zygote
- Single cell that is the combination of two gametes (usually…
24 terms
heredity and environment
DNA
chromosome
gene
allele
composition of all molecules that contain genes, which are th…
one of the 46 molecules of DNA that each cell of the human bo…
a small section of a chromosome
a variation that makes a gene different in some way from othe…
DNA
composition of all molecules that contain genes, which are th…
chromosome
one of the 46 molecules of DNA that each cell of the human bo…
30 terms
Heredity and Environment
Gamete
Zygote
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Chromosome
A reproductive cell; that is, a sperm or ovum that can produc…
The single cell formed from the union of two gametes, a sperm…
The chemical composition of the molecules that contain the ge…
One of the 46 molecules of DNA (in 23 pairs) that virtually e…
Gamete
A reproductive cell; that is, a sperm or ovum that can produc…
Zygote
The single cell formed from the union of two gametes, a sperm…
Heredity & Environment
Nature
Maturation
Nurture
How Heredity Works
refers to the biological and genetic foundation of an individ…
is the genetic process that guides the development of an indi…
has to do with the environmental factors that influence an in…
Cells are the fundamental building blocks of life. Within eac…
Nature
refers to the biological and genetic foundation of an individ…
Maturation
is the genetic process that guides the development of an indi…
10 terms
Environment and Heredity
Characteristics
Chromosomes
Generation
Genes
Quality or feature that is typical of or serves to distinguis…
46 tiny structures in nuclei of plank and animal cells they c…
Group of individuals born at the same time
Part of a chromosome contains DNA that determines the charact…
Characteristics
Quality or feature that is typical of or serves to distinguis…
Chromosomes
46 tiny structures in nuclei of plank and animal cells they c…
10 terms
Heredity and Environment
Heredity
Identical Twins
Genes
Fraternal Twins
The genetic transmission of characteristics from parents to t…
Twins who come from on fertilized egg; twins having the same…
The basic building blocks of heredity.
Twins who come from from two different eggs fertilized by two…
Heredity
The genetic transmission of characteristics from parents to t…
Identical Twins
Twins who come from on fertilized egg; twins having the same…
17 terms
Heredity and Environment
Genetic Code
Zygote:
DNA:
Human many chromosomes does a person u…
what makes you, you
a combination of 1 sperm and 1 ovum
the chemical composition of molecules that contain genes
46 chromosomes; 23 pairs
Genetic Code
what makes you, you
Zygote:
a combination of 1 sperm and 1 ovum
Heredity and Environment
The basic unit for the transmission of…
An organism's entire genetic inheritan…
A person's sex is determined by:
What research advantage is present whe…
the gene
genotype
the 23rd pair of chromosomes.
Since the twins have identical genotypes at birth, behavioral…
The basic unit for the transmission of…
the gene
An organism's entire genetic inheritan…
genotype
47 terms
Heredity and the Environment
Genes
DNA
Chromosomes
Protein
all living things composed of cells that promote growth and s…
chemical instructions for cells to manufacture proteins, prom…
molecules of DNA
long string of amino acids
Genes
all living things composed of cells that promote growth and s…
DNA
chemical instructions for cells to manufacture proteins, prom…
11 terms
Chapter 14 Living Environment Human Heredity
Genome
Karyotype
Sex chromosomes
Autosomes
The full set of genetic information that an organism carries…
Shows the complete diploid set of chromosomes grouped togethe…
Chromosomes that determine an individual's sex.
The remaining 44 human chromosomes that are not sex chromosom…
Genome
The full set of genetic information that an organism carries…
Karyotype
Shows the complete diploid set of chromosomes grouped togethe…
19 terms
organisms, environment, and heredity
competition
niche
adaptation
instinct
where one organism works against another to get what it needs…
job or role an organism has in a ecosystem. Includes what an…
"to adapt" to change or adjust. Special characteristic that h…
A way of acting that an animal is born with. It is NOT learne…
competition
where one organism works against another to get what it needs…
niche
job or role an organism has in a ecosystem. Includes what an…
31 terms
Heredity and Environment Chapter 3
23rd Pair
Allele
Assisted reproductive technology (ART)
Carrier
The chromosome pair that, in humans, determines sex. The othe…
A variation that makes a gene different in some way from othe…
A general term for the techniques designed to help infertile…
A person whose genotype includes a gene that is not expressed…
23rd Pair
The chromosome pair that, in humans, determines sex. The othe…
Allele
A variation that makes a gene different in some way from othe…
23 terms
Ch. 3: Heredity and Environment
DNA
Human Chromosomes
Genes
Human Genes
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
23 pairs (46 total)
chromosomes in specific locations
18,000 to 23,000
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Human Chromosomes
23 pairs (46 total)
28 terms
Heredity and Environment (Beta)
inherited
offspring
heredity
no
The reason we have our parents smile and other traits or char…
When parents have children, they are called ______.
The order of parents handing down their traits is called ____…
Are all of our traits inherited from our parents?
inherited
The reason we have our parents smile and other traits or char…
offspring
When parents have children, they are called ______.
43 terms
Chapter 2: Heredity and the Environment
chromosomes
DNA
gene
fertilization
strands of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecules that contain…
two strands of molecules that twist around each other like a…
a segment of DNA that provides an instruction for a particula…
the union of the father's sperm cell with the mother's egg, y…
chromosomes
strands of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecules that contain…
DNA
two strands of molecules that twist around each other like a…
16 terms
Heredity - Environment - Endocrine System
Heredity
Chromosomes
46
23
Process by which parents pass characteristcs on to their chil…
Structures come in pairs - part of the cell that contains the…
Number of chromosomes in most cells
Number of chromosomes in reproductive cells
Heredity
Process by which parents pass characteristcs on to their chil…
Chromosomes
Structures come in pairs - part of the cell that contains the…
17 terms
Heredity and Environment 6th
inherited
offspring
heredity
genes
The reason we have our parents smile and other traits or char…
When parents have children, they are called ______.
The order of parents handing down their traits is called ____…
All of us have packets of instructions within our cells that…
inherited
The reason we have our parents smile and other traits or char…
offspring
When parents have children, they are called ______.
21 terms
Jess Living Environment - Heredity
heredity
DNA
template
sexual reproduction
the passing of traits from parent to offspring
(deoxyribonucleic acid) the material found in all cells that…
the pattern for a new molecule
a method of reproduction that involves two parents to produce…
heredity
the passing of traits from parent to offspring
DNA
(deoxyribonucleic acid) the material found in all cells that…
21 terms
Genetics, Heredity and the Environment
What does DNA stand for?
What is DNA?
Who pioneered the discovery of DNA and…
Zygote
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Complex protein code of genetic information that directs the…
James Watson, Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins in 1953.
A one-celled organism formed by the union of a sperm and an e…
What does DNA stand for?
Deoxyribonucleic acid
What is DNA?
Complex protein code of genetic information that directs the…
Chapter 3 - Heredity & Environment
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
chromosome
gene
allele
the chemical composition of the molecules that contain the ge…
one of the 46 molecules of DNA (in 23 pairs) that virtually e…
a small section of a chromosome; the basic unit for the trans…
a variation that makes a gene different in some way from othe…
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
the chemical composition of the molecules that contain the ge…
chromosome
one of the 46 molecules of DNA (in 23 pairs) that virtually e…
25 terms
Chapter 3 Heredity & Environment
Chromosomes
Gamete
Zygote
Genes
where DNA is found (23 pairs=46)
Reproductive cell
1 sperm+1 ovum
located on a specific spot on a particular chromosome... Direct…
Chromosomes
where DNA is found (23 pairs=46)
Gamete
Reproductive cell
40 terms
Chapter 3 Heredity & Environment
How many pairs of chromosomes and how…
gamete
zygote
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
23 pairs of chromosomes, and anywhere between 18,000-23,000 g…
a reproductive cell; that is a sperm or ovum that can produce…
the single cell formed from the union of two gametes, a sperm…
the chemical composition of the molecules that contain the ge…
How many pairs of chromosomes and how…
23 pairs of chromosomes, and anywhere between 18,000-23,000 g…
gamete
a reproductive cell; that is a sperm or ovum that can produce…
13 terms
Chapter 3: Heredity & Environment
Genotype
Homozygous
heterozygous
stem cells
An organisms entire genetic inheritance, or genetic potential
two genes of one pair that the exact same in every letter of…
two genes of a pair that differ in some way
cells from which any other specialized type of ell can form
Genotype
An organisms entire genetic inheritance, or genetic potential
Homozygous
two genes of one pair that the exact same in every letter of…
11 terms
Chapter 3 heredity and environment
DNA
Gene
Genotype
Genome
Deoxyribonucleic a self replicating material present in nearl…
A gene consists of a string of chemicals that provide instruc…
An organisms entire genetic inheritance or genetic potential
The full set of genes that are the instructions to make an in…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic a self replicating material present in nearl…
Gene
A gene consists of a string of chemicals that provide instruc…
12 terms
Ch. 3 - Heredity and Environment
chromosomes
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
genotype
phenotype
one of the 46 molecules of DNA that virtually each cell of th…
the chemical composition of the molecules that contain the ge…
an organism's entire genetic inheritance, or genetic potentia…
the observable characteristics of a person including their ap…
chromosomes
one of the 46 molecules of DNA that virtually each cell of th…
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
the chemical composition of the molecules that contain the ge…
22 terms
Chapter 3 - Heredity and Environment
Fragile X
Syndrome
Dizygotic
Environment
A genetic disorder in which part of the X chromosome is attac…
Cluster of distinct characteristics that tend to occur togeth…
Fraternal twins.
All the nongenetic factors that can affect development.
Fragile X
A genetic disorder in which part of the X chromosome is attac…
Syndrome
Cluster of distinct characteristics that tend to occur togeth…
23 terms
Chapter 3: Heredity and Environment
gamete
zygote
DNA
chromosome
reproductive cell (sperm or ovum)
single cell formed from sperm and ovum
chemical composition of molecules with genes
made up of DNA, humans have 23 pairs = 46
gamete
reproductive cell (sperm or ovum)
zygote
single cell formed from sperm and ovum
32 terms
Chapter 3- Heredity and Environment
DNA
Chromosomes
Genes
Alleles
molecule that contains the genetic information
one of the 46 molecules of DNA that each cell of the human bo…
consist of a particular set of instructions to make a type of…
variation in a gene that makes it different from other genes…
DNA
molecule that contains the genetic information
Chromosomes
one of the 46 molecules of DNA that each cell of the human bo…
9 terms
Ch. 3 Heredity & Environment
Zygote
Stem Cell
Differentiation
Genotype
Sperm + Ovum... -23(mom chromosomes) + 23(dada chromosome) = 46…
unspecialized cells that are able to renew themselves for lon…
When the cells specialize, taking different forms/roles and r…
Genes based on intrinsic factors... -Cant see... -nature/can't chan…
Zygote
Sperm + Ovum... -23(mom chromosomes) + 23(dada chromosome) = 46…
Stem Cell
unspecialized cells that are able to renew themselves for lon…
17 terms
Genetics, Heredity, Environment
DNA
chromosome
gene
allele
chemical composition of molecules
one of 46 molecules in DNA (23 pairs)
basic unit for transmission of heredity
variation in a gene (though some genes never vary, while othe…
DNA
chemical composition of molecules
chromosome
one of 46 molecules in DNA (23 pairs)
30 terms
Chapter 3: Heredity and Environment
DNA
Chromosomes
Protein
Allele
Molecule that contains the chemical instructions for cells to…
Molecules of DNA, 46 chromosomes (23 pairs)
Contains sequence of chemicals consisting of long string of a…
Variation of a gene or any of the possible forms in which a g…
DNA
Molecule that contains the chemical instructions for cells to…
Chromosomes
Molecules of DNA, 46 chromosomes (23 pairs)
17 terms
Heredity, Environment, and Adaptation
Nature
Nurture
Genetics
Humans have 46 in each cell (except eg…
refers to heredity, the influence of inherited characteristic…
the influence of the environment on personality, physical gro…
the science of heredity
How many chromosomes do we have?
Nature
refers to heredity, the influence of inherited characteristic…
Nurture
the influence of the environment on personality, physical gro…
19 terms
IQ heredity and environment
R(squared)
job performace
Creativity
Health+wellbeing
Tells us the varience predicted from one measure to another =…
9-25% of varience is related to IQ... Many other factors contrib…
Not highly correlated with IQ or accademic performance
Higher IQ correlated with longevity, less likley to die of ca…
R(squared)
Tells us the varience predicted from one measure to another =…
job performace
9-25% of varience is related to IQ... Many other factors contrib…
27 terms
360 Heredity & Environment
Genes and Chromosomes
Homologous chromosomes
genotype vs phenotype
karyotype
All normal human somatic cells contain 46 chromosomes arrange…
except the X and Y chromosomes) have the same number and arra…
Genotype-total genetic make-up of the individual (bb)... Phenoty…
The pictorial analysis of the number, form, and size of an in…
Genes and Chromosomes
All normal human somatic cells contain 46 chromosomes arrange…
Homologous chromosomes
except the X and Y chromosomes) have the same number and arra…
30 terms
Chapter 3: Heredity and Environment
Gamete
Zygote
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Chromosome
A reproductive cell; that is, a sperm or ovum that can produc…
The single cell formed from the union of two gametes, a sperm…
The chemical composition of the molecules that contain the ge…
One of the 46 molecules of DNA (in 23 pairs) that virtually e…
Gamete
A reproductive cell; that is, a sperm or ovum that can produc…
Zygote
The single cell formed from the union of two gametes, a sperm…
25 terms
Chapter 3- Heredity and Environment
conception begins...
what is a zygote?of two gametes, a spe…
duplication
division
development
the single cell formed from the union
cells duplicate themselves
duplicated cells divide and become single cells
conception begins...
development
what is a zygote?of two gametes, a spe…
the single cell formed from the union
49 terms
Ch 3- Heredity and Environment
Chapter 3 Outline
Human beginnings
Gamete
Zygote
The Genetic Code... The Beginnings of Life... From Genotype to Phen…
Gamete & Zygote
reproductive cell
cell created by the union of two gametes (sperm and ovum)
Chapter 3 Outline
The Genetic Code... The Beginnings of Life... From Genotype to Phen…
Human beginnings
Gamete & Zygote
85 terms
Chapter 2: Heredity and the Environment
Abstract
Introduction
Method
Results
Mini-summary for the entire article
Background and rationale for current research
Information as to how the study was conducted (includes subse…
Numerical description of study findings
Abstract
Mini-summary for the entire article
Introduction
Background and rationale for current research
49 terms
Heredity & Environment PSY Review
behavioral genetics
polygenetic inheritance
monozygotic twins
dizygotic twins
the branch of genetics concerned with determining the impact…
many different genes contribute to the phenotype of a behavior
identical twins; they come from a single fertilized egg that…
fraternal twins; come from two separate eggs fertilized by tw…
behavioral genetics
the branch of genetics concerned with determining the impact…
polygenetic inheritance
many different genes contribute to the phenotype of a behavior
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