Study sets matching "heredity environment"

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Study sets matching "heredity environment"

20 terms
Heredity and Environment
eohippus
ancestors
biological parent
chromosome
a person related to you who lived a long time ago
The parents that gave birth to you
Cell structures that carry the genetic material that is copie…
eohippus
ancestors
a person related to you who lived a long time ago
23 terms
heredity and environment
chromosomes
gene
number of genes in humans
normative gene effects
consist of DNA molecules, 23 chromosome pairs
a section of a chromosome; produces specific proteins
about 20,000
gender, phyical apperance, temperament, tendencies for addict…
chromosomes
consist of DNA molecules, 23 chromosome pairs
gene
a section of a chromosome; produces specific proteins
61 terms
Heredity and Environment
gamete
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
chromosome
zygote
A reproductive cell; that is, a sperm or ovum that can produc…
The chemical composition of the molecules that contain the ge…
one of the 46 molecules of DNA, in 23 pairs, that virtually e…
the single cell formed from the union of 2 gametes, a sperm a…
gamete
A reproductive cell; that is, a sperm or ovum that can produc…
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
The chemical composition of the molecules that contain the ge…
37 terms
Heredity and Environment
Foundations of human development
DNA
Chromosomes
Gene
heredity & environment
deoxyribonucleic acid; carries the genetic instructions for m…
23 pairs; store and transmit DNA
A small section of a chromosome that contains genetic informa…
Foundations of human development
heredity & environment
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid; carries the genetic instructions for m…
10 terms
Heredity and environment
Heredity
Genes
Nature vs. nurture
Fraternal twins
Genetic trans mission of characteristics from parents to thei…
The basic building blocks of the body's physical structures
The debate over the role of inherited factors in environmenta…
Results from two different eggs fertilized by two different s…
Heredity
Genetic trans mission of characteristics from parents to thei…
Genes
The basic building blocks of the body's physical structures
Heredity and Environment
zygote
XX
XY
genotype
The single cell formed from the union of two gametes, a sperm…
Female
male
n organism's entire genetic inheritance, or genetic potential…
zygote
The single cell formed from the union of two gametes, a sperm…
XX
Female
13 terms
Heredity and Environment
DNA
Chromosomes
Gene
Gamete
The molecular basis of heredity, constructed of a double heli…
Each molecule of DNA is called a chromosome. A carrier of gen…
The basic unit for the transmission of heredity
Reproductive cells (sperm and ova)
DNA
The molecular basis of heredity, constructed of a double heli…
Chromosomes
Each molecule of DNA is called a chromosome. A carrier of gen…
25 terms
Heredity and Environment
gene
chromosomes
DNA
genetic code
basic unit of genetic code
molecules of DNA; each human has 46, 23 from each parent (gam…
molecule that contains chemical instructions for cells to man…
directs development, behavior, form
gene
basic unit of genetic code
chromosomes
molecules of DNA; each human has 46, 23 from each parent (gam…
6 terms
Heredity and Environment
Genes
Monozygotic twins
Dizygotic twins
heritability
instruction on chromosomes containing a recipe for making a s…
Originate from one zygote that splits apart very early in dev…
Formed when two separate ova are fertilized by two separate s…
what % of variation in particular trait can be traced to gene…
Genes
instruction on chromosomes containing a recipe for making a s…
Monozygotic twins
Originate from one zygote that splits apart very early in dev…
24 terms
heredity and environment
DNA
chromosome
gene
allele
composition of all molecules that contain genes, which are th…
one of the 46 molecules of DNA that each cell of the human bo…
a small section of a chromosome
a variation that makes a gene different in some way from othe…
DNA
composition of all molecules that contain genes, which are th…
chromosome
one of the 46 molecules of DNA that each cell of the human bo…
28 terms
Heredity & Environment
Nature
Maturation
Nurture
How Heredity Works
refers to the biological and genetic foundation of an individ…
is the genetic process that guides the development of an indi…
has to do with the environmental factors that influence an in…
Cells are the fundamental building blocks of life. Within eac…
Nature
refers to the biological and genetic foundation of an individ…
Maturation
is the genetic process that guides the development of an indi…
Heredity and environment
Heredity
Genes
Nature vs. nurture
Fraternal twins
Genetic trans mission of characteristics from parents to thei…
The basic building blocks of the body's physical structures
The debate over the role of inherited factors in environmenta…
Results from two different eggs fertilized by two different s…
Heredity
Genetic trans mission of characteristics from parents to thei…
Genes
The basic building blocks of the body's physical structures
Heredity and Environment
Gamete
Zygote
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Chromosome
A reproductive cell; that is, a sperm or ovum that can produc…
The single cell formed from the union of two gametes, a sperm…
The chemical composition of the molecules that contain the ge…
One of the 46 molecules of DNA (in 23 pairs) that virtually e…
Gamete
A reproductive cell; that is, a sperm or ovum that can produc…
Zygote
The single cell formed from the union of two gametes, a sperm…
Heredity and Environment
Heredity
Identical Twins
Genes
Fraternal Twins
The genetic transmission of characteristics from parents to t…
Twins who come from on fertilized egg; twins having the same…
The basic building blocks of heredity.
Twins who come from from two different eggs fertilized by two…
Heredity
The genetic transmission of characteristics from parents to t…
Identical Twins
Twins who come from on fertilized egg; twins having the same…
10 terms
Environment and Heredity
Characteristics
Chromosomes
Generation
Genes
Quality or feature that is typical of or serves to distinguis…
46 tiny structures in nuclei of plank and animal cells they c…
Group of individuals born at the same time
Part of a chromosome contains DNA that determines the charact…
Characteristics
Quality or feature that is typical of or serves to distinguis…
Chromosomes
46 tiny structures in nuclei of plank and animal cells they c…
17 terms
Heredity and Environment
Genetic Code
Zygote:
DNA:
Human many chromosomes does a person u…
what makes you, you
a combination of 1 sperm and 1 ovum
the chemical composition of molecules that contain genes
46 chromosomes; 23 pairs
Genetic Code
what makes you, you
Zygote:
a combination of 1 sperm and 1 ovum
40 terms
Heredity and Environment
Heredity and Environment
Genotype
Phenotype
DNA
the foundations of human development
a person's entire genetic inheritance, or genetic potential
a person's directly observable characteristics resulting from…
- deoxyribonucleic acid... - carries the genetic instructions fo…
Heredity and Environment
the foundations of human development
Genotype
a person's entire genetic inheritance, or genetic potential
Environment and Heredity
heredity
offspring
inheritance
genes
process by which characteristics are passed on genetically fr…
the young of a person, animal, or plant born due to the repro…
something that is or may be acquired or obtained from your pa…
part of a chromosome containing DNA that determines the chara…
heredity
process by which characteristics are passed on genetically fr…
offspring
the young of a person, animal, or plant born due to the repro…
47 terms
Heredity and the Environment
Genes
DNA
Chromosomes
Protein
all living things composed of cells that promote growth and s…
chemical instructions for cells to manufacture proteins, prom…
molecules of DNA
long string of amino acids
Genes
all living things composed of cells that promote growth and s…
DNA
chemical instructions for cells to manufacture proteins, prom…
Heredity and Environment
The basic unit for the transmission of…
An organism's entire genetic inheritan…
A person's sex is determined by:
What research advantage is present whe…
the gene
genotype
the 23rd pair of chromosomes.
Since the twins have identical genotypes at birth, behavioral…
The basic unit for the transmission of…
the gene
An organism's entire genetic inheritan…
genotype
Heredity and Environment
What are chromosomes?
What is DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) ?
What is a protein?
What is allele?
Molecules of DNA... Consists of 46 chromosomes arranged in 23 p…
Molecule that contains the chemical instructions for cells to…
Contains sequence of chemicals consisting of long string of a…
Variation of a gene or any of the possible forms in which a g…
What are chromosomes?
Molecules of DNA... Consists of 46 chromosomes arranged in 23 p…
What is DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) ?
Molecule that contains the chemical instructions for cells to…
17 terms
Heredity and Environment
Acquired Trait
Inherited Trait
Genes
Environment
A characteristic you get from your environment. The way you w…
A characteristic you are born with. Your eye/hair color, etc.
The determiners of heredity.
Your environment are all of the influences affecting a person…
Acquired Trait
A characteristic you get from your environment. The way you w…
Inherited Trait
A characteristic you are born with. Your eye/hair color, etc.
19 terms
Heredity and Environment
Gamete
Zygote
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
Chromosome
- Reproductive cell... - Ex: Sperm & Ova; contain half of genome…
- Single cell that is the combination of two gametes (usually…
- Chemical composition of molecules that contain genes
- Molecule of DNA contained within a cell... - In humans, there…
Gamete
- Reproductive cell... - Ex: Sperm & Ova; contain half of genome…
Zygote
- Single cell that is the combination of two gametes (usually…
Heredity & Environment
Nature
Maturation
Nurture
How Heredity Works
refers to the biological and genetic foundation of an individ…
is the genetic process that guides the development of an indi…
has to do with the environmental factors that influence an in…
Cells are the fundamental building blocks of life. Within eac…
Nature
refers to the biological and genetic foundation of an individ…
Maturation
is the genetic process that guides the development of an indi…
Chapter 14 Living Environment Human Heredity
Genome
Karyotype
Sex chromosomes
Autosomes
The full set of genetic information that an organism carries…
Shows the complete diploid set of chromosomes grouped togethe…
Chromosomes that determine an individual's sex.
The remaining 44 human chromosomes that are not sex chromosom…
Genome
The full set of genetic information that an organism carries…
Karyotype
Shows the complete diploid set of chromosomes grouped togethe…
19 terms
organisms, environment, and heredity
competition
niche
adaptation
instinct
where one organism works against another to get what it needs…
job or role an organism has in a ecosystem. Includes what an…
"to adapt" to change or adjust. Special characteristic that h…
A way of acting that an animal is born with. It is NOT learne…
competition
where one organism works against another to get what it needs…
niche
job or role an organism has in a ecosystem. Includes what an…
Ch. 3: Heredity and Environment
DNA
Human Chromosomes
Genes
Human Genes
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
23 pairs (46 total)
chromosomes in specific locations
18,000 to 23,000
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid
Human Chromosomes
23 pairs (46 total)
Heredity - Environment - Endocrine System
Heredity
Chromosomes
46
23
Process by which parents pass characteristcs on to their chil…
Structures come in pairs - part of the cell that contains the…
Number of chromosomes in most cells
Number of chromosomes in reproductive cells
Heredity
Process by which parents pass characteristcs on to their chil…
Chromosomes
Structures come in pairs - part of the cell that contains the…
31 terms
Heredity and Environment Chapter 3
23rd Pair
Allele
Assisted reproductive technology (ART)
Carrier
The chromosome pair that, in humans, determines sex. The othe…
A variation that makes a gene different in some way from othe…
A general term for the techniques designed to help infertile…
A person whose genotype includes a gene that is not expressed…
23rd Pair
The chromosome pair that, in humans, determines sex. The othe…
Allele
A variation that makes a gene different in some way from othe…
91 terms
Chapter 2 - Heredity and the Environment
Chromosomes
DNA
How many chromosomes are contained wit…
How do chromosomes operate?
Strands of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecules that contain…
Two strands of molecules that twist around each other like a…
46 chromosomes
They operate in pairs. ... 46 chromosomes - 23 pairs. ... 22 of th…
Chromosomes
Strands of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecules that contain…
DNA
Two strands of molecules that twist around each other like a…
17 terms
Heredity and Environment 6th
inherited
offspring
heredity
genes
The reason we have our parents smile and other traits or char…
When parents have children, they are called ______.
The order of parents handing down their traits is called ____…
All of us have packets of instructions within our cells that…
inherited
The reason we have our parents smile and other traits or char…
offspring
When parents have children, they are called ______.
21 terms
Jess Living Environment - Heredity
heredity
DNA
template
sexual reproduction
the passing of traits from parent to offspring
(deoxyribonucleic acid) the material found in all cells that…
the pattern for a new molecule
a method of reproduction that involves two parents to produce…
heredity
the passing of traits from parent to offspring
DNA
(deoxyribonucleic acid) the material found in all cells that…
28 terms
Heredity and Environment (Beta)
inherited
offspring
heredity
no
The reason we have our parents smile and other traits or char…
When parents have children, they are called ______.
The order of parents handing down their traits is called ____…
Are all of our traits inherited from our parents?
inherited
The reason we have our parents smile and other traits or char…
offspring
When parents have children, they are called ______.
Chapter 3 - Heredity & Environment
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
chromosome
gene
allele
the chemical composition of the molecules that contain the ge…
one of the 46 molecules of DNA (in 23 pairs) that virtually e…
a small section of a chromosome; the basic unit for the trans…
a variation that makes a gene different in some way from othe…
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
the chemical composition of the molecules that contain the ge…
chromosome
one of the 46 molecules of DNA (in 23 pairs) that virtually e…
Chapter 3 Heredity & Environment
Chromosomes
Gamete
Zygote
Genes
where DNA is found (23 pairs=46)
Reproductive cell
1 sperm+1 ovum
located on a specific spot on a particular chromosome... Direct…
Chromosomes
where DNA is found (23 pairs=46)
Gamete
Reproductive cell
21 terms
Genetics, Heredity and the Environment
What does DNA stand for?
What is DNA?
Who pioneered the discovery of DNA and…
Zygote
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Complex protein code of genetic information that directs the…
James Watson, Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins in 1953.
A one-celled organism formed by the union of a sperm and an e…
What does DNA stand for?
Deoxyribonucleic acid
What is DNA?
Complex protein code of genetic information that directs the…
Chapter 3 Heredity & Environment
How many pairs of chromosomes and how…
gamete
zygote
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
23 pairs of chromosomes, and anywhere between 18,000-23,000 g…
a reproductive cell; that is a sperm or ovum that can produce…
the single cell formed from the union of two gametes, a sperm…
the chemical composition of the molecules that contain the ge…
How many pairs of chromosomes and how…
23 pairs of chromosomes, and anywhere between 18,000-23,000 g…
gamete
a reproductive cell; that is a sperm or ovum that can produce…
13 terms
Chapter 3: Heredity & Environment
Genotype
Homozygous
heterozygous
stem cells
An organisms entire genetic inheritance, or genetic potential
two genes of one pair that the exact same in every letter of…
two genes of a pair that differ in some way
cells from which any other specialized type of ell can form
Genotype
An organisms entire genetic inheritance, or genetic potential
Homozygous
two genes of one pair that the exact same in every letter of…
Chapter 2: Heredity and the Environment
chromosomes
DNA
gene
fertilization
strands of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecules that contain…
two strands of molecules that twist around each other like a…
a segment of DNA that provides an instruction for a particula…
the union of the father's sperm cell with the mother's egg, y…
chromosomes
strands of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecules that contain…
DNA
two strands of molecules that twist around each other like a…
18 terms
Heredity vs. Environment
Color of hair
Color of eyes
Color of skin
General health of the baby
Heredity
Heredity
Heredity
Heredity and environmental
Color of hair
Heredity
Color of eyes
Heredity
Chapter 3: Heredity and Environment
Gamete
Zygote
DNA
Chromosome
A reproductive cell; that is, a sperm or ovum that can produc…
The single cell formed from the union of two gametes, a sperm…
The chemical composition of the molecules that contain the ge…
One of the 46 molecules of DNA (in 23 pairs) that virtually e…
Gamete
A reproductive cell; that is, a sperm or ovum that can produc…
Zygote
The single cell formed from the union of two gametes, a sperm…
Chapter 1: Heredity and Environment
Chromosomes
Genes
Normative Genetic Effects
Abnormalities
Consists of DNA molecules
A section on chromosomes. They produce specific proteins.
gender... physical appearance ... temperament... tendencies of addiction
down syndrome (trisomy-21) = 3 copies of chromosome 21... fragil…
Chromosomes
Consists of DNA molecules
Genes
A section on chromosomes. They produce specific proteins.
Chapter 3 heredity and environment
DNA
Gene
Genotype
Genome
Deoxyribonucleic a self replicating material present in nearl…
A gene consists of a string of chemicals that provide instruc…
An organisms entire genetic inheritance or genetic potential
The full set of genes that are the instructions to make an in…
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic a self replicating material present in nearl…
Gene
A gene consists of a string of chemicals that provide instruc…
32 terms
Chapter 3: Heredity and Environment
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Chromosomes
Genes
Allele
-Molecule that contains the chemical instructions for cells t…
Molecules of DNA.
Segments of DNA which contain instructions for stringing toge…
Variation of a gene, or any of the possible forms in which a…
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
-Molecule that contains the chemical instructions for cells t…
Chromosomes
Molecules of DNA.
Chapter 18 Heredity and the Environment
Complex Traits
Quantitative
Concordance
Higher Concordance in Identical than F…
-affected by multiple genes as well as the enviornment
-measured rather than an all or nothing phenotype... -Ex: height…
-percent of twin pairs that both show a trait, of twins where…
-genetic effect
Complex Traits
-affected by multiple genes as well as the enviornment
Quantitative
-measured rather than an all or nothing phenotype... -Ex: height…
26 terms
Heredity and Environment Ch 3
Genes can be turned on and off
Genes are just part of how we become w…
All the genes a person has show up as…
Alcoholism is inherited
True
True
False
False
Genes can be turned on and off
True
Genes are just part of how we become w…
True
12 terms
Ch. 3 - Heredity and Environment
chromosomes
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
genotype
phenotype
one of the 46 molecules of DNA that virtually each cell of th…
the chemical composition of the molecules that contain the ge…
an organism's entire genetic inheritance, or genetic potentia…
the observable characteristics of a person including their ap…
chromosomes
one of the 46 molecules of DNA that virtually each cell of th…
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
the chemical composition of the molecules that contain the ge…
22 terms
Chapter 3 - Heredity and Environment
Fragile X
Syndrome
Dizygotic
Environment
A genetic disorder in which part of the X chromosome is attac…
Cluster of distinct characteristics that tend to occur togeth…
Fraternal twins.
All the nongenetic factors that can affect development.
Fragile X
A genetic disorder in which part of the X chromosome is attac…
Syndrome
Cluster of distinct characteristics that tend to occur togeth…
23 terms
Chapter 3: Heredity and Environment
gamete
zygote
DNA
chromosome
reproductive cell (sperm or ovum)
single cell formed from sperm and ovum
chemical composition of molecules with genes
made up of DNA, humans have 23 pairs = 46
gamete
reproductive cell (sperm or ovum)
zygote
single cell formed from sperm and ovum
13 terms
Chapter Three: Heredity and Environment
In heredity and environment...
The genetic code...
Beginning of life:
Monozygotic twins:
Look at how nature and nurture work together, not separate.
DNA: deoxyribonucleic acid; chemical composition of molecules…
Gamete: a reproductive cell; that is, a sperm or ovum that ca…
Identical twins
In heredity and environment...
Look at how nature and nurture work together, not separate.
The genetic code...
DNA: deoxyribonucleic acid; chemical composition of molecules…
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