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Study sets matching "hesi med surg"

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Study sets matching "hesi med surg"

11 terms
HESI Surgeries
Laryngectomy
Thoracotomy
Pneumonectomy
Lobectomy
Larynx Cancer - monitor HYPOcalemia and HYPOthyroidism
Lung cancer for a resectable tumor
Lung cancer - removal of the entire lung ... Position pt on OPER…
Lung cancer - removal of a lob of one of the lungs;... Position…
Laryngectomy
Larynx Cancer - monitor HYPOcalemia and HYPOthyroidism
Thoracotomy
Lung cancer for a resectable tumor
153 terms
Medical Surgery
Why do patients get blood products?
List the two main functions of transfu…
What is whole blood given for and how…
PRBC's ... 1. what must you do first?... 2.…
1. anemic w/ a hgb < 8-10... 2. increase their blood volume... 3. t…
1. increase O2 carrying capacity of the blood... 2. reverse tiss…
-for shock, low blood volume, low Hgb, low Hct, hemorrhage... -5…
1. must be typed and cross matched... 2. Rh neg. gets Rh neg. ... 3…
Why do patients get blood products?
1. anemic w/ a hgb < 8-10... 2. increase their blood volume... 3. t…
List the two main functions of transfu…
1. increase O2 carrying capacity of the blood... 2. reverse tiss…
34 terms
HESI (EKG, surgery, and pain)
The P wave of an EKG represents?
The QRS complex in an EKG represents?
The T wave on an EKG represents?
The QRS complex should be how long in…
Atrial systole
Ventricular systole and atrial repolarization
Ventricular diastole (repolarization)
< 0.12 seconds
The P wave of an EKG represents?
Atrial systole
The QRS complex in an EKG represents?
Ventricular systole and atrial repolarization
158 terms
Medical Surgery
Why do patients get blood products?
List the two main functions of transfu…
What is whole blood given for and how…
PRBC's ... 1. what must you do first?... 2.…
1. anemic w/ a hgb < 8-10... 2. increase their blood volume... 3. t…
1. increase O2 carrying capacity of the blood... 2. reverse tiss…
-for shock, low blood volume, low Hgb, low Hct, hemorrhage... -5…
1. must be typed and cross matched... 2. Rh neg. gets Rh neg. ... 3…
Why do patients get blood products?
1. anemic w/ a hgb < 8-10... 2. increase their blood volume... 3. t…
List the two main functions of transfu…
1. increase O2 carrying capacity of the blood... 2. reverse tiss…
158 terms
Medical Surgery
Why do patients get blood products?
List the two main functions of transfu…
What is whole blood given for and how…
PRBC's ... 1. what must you do first?... 2.…
1. anemic w/ a hgb < 8-10... 2. increase their blood volume... 3. t…
1. increase O2 carrying capacity of the blood... 2. reverse tiss…
-for shock, low blood volume, low Hgb, low Hct, hemorrhage... -5…
1. must be typed and cross matched... 2. Rh neg. gets Rh neg. ... 3…
Why do patients get blood products?
1. anemic w/ a hgb < 8-10... 2. increase their blood volume... 3. t…
List the two main functions of transfu…
1. increase O2 carrying capacity of the blood... 2. reverse tiss…
HESI medications
-terone
-pril
-pressins
-statin
androgens
ACE inhibitors
anti-diuretic hormones
antilipemic medications
-terone
androgens
-pril
ACE inhibitors
29 terms
Medical Surgery
Dehiscence
Evisceration
Eschar
Granulation tissue
Partial or complete separation of wound
The rupturing of a wound
Hard, dry, leathery dead tissue
New tissue that grows and fills a wound
Dehiscence
Partial or complete separation of wound
Evisceration
The rupturing of a wound
38 terms
medical surgery
what is the appropiate order of steps…
what is the name of the fluis=d with h…
which statemnt are true wih regard to…
the medical assistant is changing a st…
Sanitize hands and ensure that they are completely dry.... Check…
exudate
surgidac is a polyester fiber suture the material... surgical gu…
before applying the new dressing
what is the appropiate order of steps…
Sanitize hands and ensure that they are completely dry.... Check…
what is the name of the fluis=d with h…
exudate
55 terms
HESI Hints: Medical-Surgical
Fever
Clients at high risk for pneumonia:
Pneumonia: Bronchial breath sounds
Pneumonia: HYDRATION
Fever can lead to dehydration because of excessive fluid loss…
1) altered LOC... 2) depressed or absent gag and cough reflexes…
Bronchial breath sounds are hear over areas of density or con…
HYDRATION... 1) Thins out the mucus trapped in the bronchioles a…
Fever
Fever can lead to dehydration because of excessive fluid loss…
Clients at high risk for pneumonia:
1) altered LOC... 2) depressed or absent gag and cough reflexes…
44 terms
HESI medications
-terone
-pril
-pressins
-statin
androgens
ACE inhibitors
anti-diuretic hormones
antilipemic medications
-terone
androgens
-pril
ACE inhibitors
170 terms
HESI - Medical Surgical Nursing
When describing patient education appr…
A patient expresses a strong interest…
The nurse is assessing a group of clie…
Which statement made by a nurse repres…
C. Informal teaching is individualized one on one teaching wh…
C. Cognitive theorists believe that attention, relevance, con…
C, D, E, F... clients with poor nutrition, fatigue, and multipl…
D... There is no evidence to support the idea that older adult…
When describing patient education appr…
C. Informal teaching is individualized one on one teaching wh…
A patient expresses a strong interest…
C. Cognitive theorists believe that attention, relevance, con…
52 terms
Surgery Medications
Balanced Anesthesia
Categories of anesthetics
Inhalation anesthetics
Inhalation: Gaseous
Using a variety of anesthetics because no one agent is ideal.…
1) Inhalation: gaseous, volatile ... 2) IV: hypnotics, narcotics…
Administered through respiratory tract. Dosage controlled by…
Classification: gaseous general anesthetic... Prototype: nitrous…
Balanced Anesthesia
Using a variety of anesthetics because no one agent is ideal.…
Categories of anesthetics
1) Inhalation: gaseous, volatile ... 2) IV: hypnotics, narcotics…
125 terms
Surgery (Medical Kiswahili)
kupasua
kukata
kupasuliwa
kupasulia
to operate
to operate
to be operated on
to operate (prepositional form)
kupasua
to operate
kukata
to operate
170 terms
HESI - Medical Surgical Nursing
When describing patient education appr…
A patient expresses a strong interest…
The nurse is assessing a group of clie…
Which statement made by a nurse repres…
C. Informal teaching is individualized one on one teaching wh…
C. Cognitive theorists believe that attention, relevance, con…
C, D, E, F... clients with poor nutrition, fatigue, and multipl…
D... There is no evidence to support the idea that older adult…
When describing patient education appr…
C. Informal teaching is individualized one on one teaching wh…
A patient expresses a strong interest…
C. Cognitive theorists believe that attention, relevance, con…
97 terms
Medical- Surgery Exam 2.
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
Type 1 DM Onset/ etiology
Type 2 DM Onset/etiology
absent or minimal insulin production
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
Young children, under 20/ autoimmune
Overweight, adulthood
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
absent or minimal insulin production
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
87 terms
Medical Surgery Exam 1
3 Phases of Surgery
Characteristics of calcium deficiency
Characteristics of calcium excess
Normal Calcium level
Preoperative, post operative, intraoperative
muscle cramps, hypotension, decreased Cardiac output, neuro c…
hypertension, EKG changes, muscle/ joint pain, nausea, thirst…
8.5 - 10.6
3 Phases of Surgery
Preoperative, post operative, intraoperative
Characteristics of calcium deficiency
muscle cramps, hypotension, decreased Cardiac output, neuro c…
125 terms
HESI: medical vocab *****
abrupt
abstain
access
accountable
sudden
to voluntarily refrain from something
a means to obtain or entry or a means of approach
responsible
abrupt
sudden
abstain
to voluntarily refrain from something
88 terms
Medical terminology (HESI)
Adenoma
Adenitis
Arthritis
Biology
Tumor of a gland
Inflammation of a gland
Inflammation of a joint
Study of life
Adenoma
Tumor of a gland
Adenitis
Inflammation of a gland
76 terms
medical surgical hesi
pneumonia
pulmonary aspiration
Pneumonia s/s
tachypnea
inflammation of the lower respiratory tract
A condition in which food, liquids, saliva, or vomit is breat…
- tachypnea... - fever, shaking, chills... - productive cough with…
shallow respirations
pneumonia
inflammation of the lower respiratory tract
pulmonary aspiration
A condition in which food, liquids, saliva, or vomit is breat…
227 terms
HESI Medical Terminology & Vocabulary
Acapnia
Accept
Anorchism
Anoxia
Low level of carbon dioxide in the blood.
To willingly receive something; the process of granting appro…
Absence of testis.
Deficiency of oxygen.
Acapnia
Low level of carbon dioxide in the blood.
Accept
To willingly receive something; the process of granting appro…
55 terms
HESI Hints: Medical-Surgical
Fever
Clients at high risk for pneumonia:
Pneumonia: Bronchial breath sounds
Pneumonia: HYDRATION
Fever can lead to dehydration because of excessive fluid loss…
1) altered LOC... 2) depressed or absent gag and cough reflexes…
Bronchial breath sounds are hear over areas of density or con…
HYDRATION... 1) Thins out the mucus trapped in the bronchioles a…
Fever
Fever can lead to dehydration because of excessive fluid loss…
Clients at high risk for pneumonia:
1) altered LOC... 2) depressed or absent gag and cough reflexes…
23 terms
INTRACRANEAL PRESSURE MEDICAL SURGERY
what causes intracranial pressure
what is intracranial pressure
what are the symptoms
treatment of ICP
hemorrhages... sub-dural hematomas... stroke... traumatic brain injury
is t he overall pressure inside the skull, the normal range i…
-changes in LOC... -vomiting
-mannitol... -lasix... -dexametasone... -sedative/analgesics... -stool so…
what causes intracranial pressure
hemorrhages... sub-dural hematomas... stroke... traumatic brain injury
what is intracranial pressure
is t he overall pressure inside the skull, the normal range i…
170 terms
HESI - Medical Surgical Nursing
When describing patient education appr…
A patient expresses a strong interest…
The nurse is assessing a group of clie…
Which statement made by a nurse repres…
C. Informal teaching is individualized one on one teaching wh…
C. Cognitive theorists believe that attention, relevance, con…
C, D, E, F... clients with poor nutrition, fatigue, and multipl…
D... There is no evidence to support the idea that older adult…
When describing patient education appr…
C. Informal teaching is individualized one on one teaching wh…
A patient expresses a strong interest…
C. Cognitive theorists believe that attention, relevance, con…
55 terms
HESI Hints: Medical-Surgical
Fever
Clients at high risk for pneumonia:
Pneumonia: Bronchial breath sounds
Pneumonia: HYDRATION
Fever can lead to dehydration because of excessive fluid loss…
1) altered LOC... 2) depressed or absent gag and cough reflexes…
Bronchial breath sounds are hear over areas of density or con…
HYDRATION... 1) Thins out the mucus trapped in the bronchioles a…
Fever
Fever can lead to dehydration because of excessive fluid loss…
Clients at high risk for pneumonia:
1) altered LOC... 2) depressed or absent gag and cough reflexes…
170 terms
HESI - Medical Surgical Nursing
When describing patient education appr…
A patient expresses a strong interest…
The nurse is assessing a group of clie…
Which statement made by a nurse repres…
C. Informal teaching is individualized one on one teaching wh…
C. Cognitive theorists believe that attention, relevance, con…
C, D, E, F... clients with poor nutrition, fatigue, and multipl…
D... There is no evidence to support the idea that older adult…
When describing patient education appr…
C. Informal teaching is individualized one on one teaching wh…
A patient expresses a strong interest…
C. Cognitive theorists believe that attention, relevance, con…
170 terms
HESI - Medical Surgical Nursing
When describing patient education appr…
A patient expresses a strong interest…
The nurse is assessing a group of clie…
Which statement made by a nurse repres…
C. Informal teaching is individualized one on one teaching wh…
C. Cognitive theorists believe that attention, relevance, con…
C, D, E, F... clients with poor nutrition, fatigue, and multipl…
D... There is no evidence to support the idea that older adult…
When describing patient education appr…
C. Informal teaching is individualized one on one teaching wh…
A patient expresses a strong interest…
C. Cognitive theorists believe that attention, relevance, con…
170 terms
HESI - Medical Surgical Nursing
When describing patient education appr…
A patient expresses a strong interest…
The nurse is assessing a group of clie…
Which statement made by a nurse repres…
C. Informal teaching is individualized one on one teaching wh…
C. Cognitive theorists believe that attention, relevance, con…
C, D, E, F... clients with poor nutrition, fatigue, and multipl…
D... There is no evidence to support the idea that older adult…
When describing patient education appr…
C. Informal teaching is individualized one on one teaching wh…
A patient expresses a strong interest…
C. Cognitive theorists believe that attention, relevance, con…
170 terms
HESI - Medical Surgical Nursing
When describing patient education appr…
A patient expresses a strong interest…
The nurse is assessing a group of clie…
Which statement made by a nurse repres…
C. Informal teaching is individualized one on one teaching wh…
C. Cognitive theorists believe that attention, relevance, con…
C, D, E, F... clients with poor nutrition, fatigue, and multipl…
D... There is no evidence to support the idea that older adult…
When describing patient education appr…
C. Informal teaching is individualized one on one teaching wh…
A patient expresses a strong interest…
C. Cognitive theorists believe that attention, relevance, con…
170 terms
HESI - Medical Surgical Nursing
When describing patient education appr…
A patient expresses a strong interest…
The nurse is assessing a group of clie…
Which statement made by a nurse repres…
C. Informal teaching is individualized one on one teaching wh…
C. Cognitive theorists believe that attention, relevance, con…
C, D, E, F... clients with poor nutrition, fatigue, and multipl…
D... There is no evidence to support the idea that older adult…
When describing patient education appr…
C. Informal teaching is individualized one on one teaching wh…
A patient expresses a strong interest…
C. Cognitive theorists believe that attention, relevance, con…
26 terms
HESI Medical Prefixes
A/Ah
Arthro
Carcin
Cis
without
bone joint
Cancer
on the same side of
A/Ah
without
Arthro
bone joint
40 terms
Surgery, lab, medical tests
Angiography
Angioplasty
Balloon angioplasty
Anticoagulant
X-ray technique using an injected contrast medium to visualiz…
Surgical or percutaneous reconstruction of blood vessel
Insertion of a balloon to dilate a vessel (SEE PTCA)
Any substance that removes or prevents blood from clotting
Angiography
X-ray technique using an injected contrast medium to visualiz…
Angioplasty
Surgical or percutaneous reconstruction of blood vessel
21 terms
surgery medication orders
vancomycin IV dosing
zosyn generic name
zosyn IV dosing
clindamycin PO dosing
500 mg q6h
piperacillin-tazobactam
4.5 g q6h
150 mg q6h
vancomycin IV dosing
500 mg q6h
zosyn generic name
piperacillin-tazobactam
170 terms
HESI - Medical Surgical Nursing
When describing patient education appr…
A patient expresses a strong interest…
The nurse is assessing a group of clie…
Which statement made by a nurse repres…
C. Informal teaching is individualized one on one teaching wh…
C. Cognitive theorists believe that attention, relevance, con…
C, D, E, F... clients with poor nutrition, fatigue, and multipl…
D... There is no evidence to support the idea that older adult…
When describing patient education appr…
C. Informal teaching is individualized one on one teaching wh…
A patient expresses a strong interest…
C. Cognitive theorists believe that attention, relevance, con…
38 terms
Medical Surgery Test 3
Patients fear of death
Ambulatory Center day of surgery
Genitourinary System Review prior to s…
Non Drug Allergies
can be extremely detrimental. Attitude and emotional state in…
explain to the patient events such as patient registration, p…
Consider women of childbearing age, you need to determine if…
specifically food and environmental allergies such as latex.…
Patients fear of death
can be extremely detrimental. Attitude and emotional state in…
Ambulatory Center day of surgery
explain to the patient events such as patient registration, p…
27 terms
Medical surgery and infection control
Best way to prevent spreading of disease
Reasons for contamination
Difference between aerobic and anaerob…
Steps in opening a sterile pack
hand hygiene
long fingernails, nail polish, long hair, artificial nails
aerobic requires oxygen to live and anaerobic does not
use non-sterile gloves, place on mayo stand, open away from you
Best way to prevent spreading of disease
hand hygiene
Reasons for contamination
long fingernails, nail polish, long hair, artificial nails
76 terms
medical surgical hesi
pneumonia
pulmonary aspiration
Pneumonia s/s
tachypnea
inflammation of the lower respiratory tract
A condition in which food, liquids, saliva, or vomit is breat…
- tachypnea... - fever, shaking, chills... - productive cough with…
shallow respirations
pneumonia
inflammation of the lower respiratory tract
pulmonary aspiration
A condition in which food, liquids, saliva, or vomit is breat…
31 terms
Medical Surgery - CHAPTER 7
0.9 Normal Saline (NaCl) is an example…
Provides more water than electrolytes…
Contains protein or starch (which does…
Requires frequent monitoring of BP, lu…
An Isotonic Solution
Hypotonic Solution
Colloidal Solution (Plasma Expanders)
Hypertonic Solution
0.9 Normal Saline (NaCl) is an example…
An Isotonic Solution
Provides more water than electrolytes…
Hypotonic Solution
170 terms
HESI - Medical Surgical Nursing
When describing patient education appr…
A patient expresses a strong interest…
The nurse is assessing a group of clie…
Which statement made by a nurse repres…
C. Informal teaching is individualized one on one teaching wh…
C. Cognitive theorists believe that attention, relevance, con…
C, D, E, F... clients with poor nutrition, fatigue, and multipl…
D... There is no evidence to support the idea that older adult…
When describing patient education appr…
C. Informal teaching is individualized one on one teaching wh…
A patient expresses a strong interest…
C. Cognitive theorists believe that attention, relevance, con…
29 terms
Medications Used in Ophthalmic Surgery
phenylephrine HCl... Neo-Synephrine
tropicamide... Mydriacyl... cyclopentolate…
pilocarpine HCl... Pilocar
acetylcholine HCl... Miochol
Mydriatics: Pupil dilation by paralyzing the iris sphincter—d…
Cycloplegics: Pupil dilation with inability to focus... *Catarac…
Miotics: Pupil constriction... *Cataract extraction—assists in h…
Pupil constriction:... *Cataract extraction—assists in holding t…
phenylephrine HCl... Neo-Synephrine
Mydriatics: Pupil dilation by paralyzing the iris sphincter—d…
tropicamide... Mydriacyl... cyclopentolate…
Cycloplegics: Pupil dilation with inability to focus... *Catarac…
170 terms
HESI - Medical Surgical Nursing
When describing patient education appr…
A patient expresses a strong interest…
The nurse is assessing a group of clie…
Which statement made by a nurse repres…
C. Informal teaching is individualized one on one teaching wh…
C. Cognitive theorists believe that attention, relevance, con…
C, D, E, F... clients with poor nutrition, fatigue, and multipl…
D... There is no evidence to support the idea that older adult…
When describing patient education appr…
C. Informal teaching is individualized one on one teaching wh…
A patient expresses a strong interest…
C. Cognitive theorists believe that attention, relevance, con…
170 terms
HESI - Medical Surgical Nursing
When describing patient education appr…
A patient expresses a strong interest…
The nurse is assessing a group of clie…
Which statement made by a nurse repres…
C. Informal teaching is individualized one on one teaching wh…
C. Cognitive theorists believe that attention, relevance, con…
C, D, E, F... clients with poor nutrition, fatigue, and multipl…
D... There is no evidence to support the idea that older adult…
When describing patient education appr…
C. Informal teaching is individualized one on one teaching wh…
A patient expresses a strong interest…
C. Cognitive theorists believe that attention, relevance, con…
97 terms
Medical- Surgery Exam 2.
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
Type 1 DM Onset/ etiology
Type 2 DM Onset/etiology
absent or minimal insulin production
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
Young children, under 20/ autoimmune
Overweight, adulthood
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
absent or minimal insulin production
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
119 terms
Surgery Medical Terminology
cleisis
desis
ectomy
lysis
closure, occlusion
fusion
surgical excision of
freeing of, reduction of
cleisis
closure, occlusion
desis
fusion
87 terms
Medical Surgery Exam 1
3 Phases of Surgery
Characteristics of calcium deficiency
Characteristics of calcium excess
Normal Calcium level
Preoperative, post operative, intraoperative
muscle cramps, hypotension, decreased Cardiac output, neuro c…
hypertension, EKG changes, muscle/ joint pain, nausea, thirst…
8.5 - 10.6
3 Phases of Surgery
Preoperative, post operative, intraoperative
Characteristics of calcium deficiency
muscle cramps, hypotension, decreased Cardiac output, neuro c…
97 terms
Medical- Surgery Exam 2.
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
Type 1 DM Onset/ etiology
Type 2 DM Onset/etiology
absent or minimal insulin production
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
Young children, under 20/ autoimmune
Overweight, adulthood
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
absent or minimal insulin production
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
93 terms
Medical Surgery Final Exam
Thoracentesis What Position you going…
Metabolic Acidosis Respirations
Wheezing
Abnormal Breathe sounds
Upright leaning over table to increase lung expansion
Kussmaul respirations
are short high pitched sounds made on expiratory
used to describe bronchial or bronchovesicular sounds heard i…
Thoracentesis What Position you going…
Upright leaning over table to increase lung expansion
Metabolic Acidosis Respirations
Kussmaul respirations
20 terms
Hesi medical terminology
A
Ab
Epi
Infra
Whithout or anscence of
From, away from
On,upon,over
Under below
A
Whithout or anscence of
Ab
From, away from
97 terms
Medical- Surgery Exam 2.
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
Type 1 DM Onset/ etiology
Type 2 DM Onset/etiology
absent or minimal insulin production
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
Young children, under 20/ autoimmune
Overweight, adulthood
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
absent or minimal insulin production
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
87 terms
Medical Surgery Exam 1
3 Phases of Surgery
Characteristics of calcium deficiency
Characteristics of calcium excess
Normal Calcium level
Preoperative, post operative, intraoperative
muscle cramps, hypotension, decreased Cardiac output, neuro c…
hypertension, EKG changes, muscle/ joint pain, nausea, thirst…
8.5 - 10.6
3 Phases of Surgery
Preoperative, post operative, intraoperative
Characteristics of calcium deficiency
muscle cramps, hypotension, decreased Cardiac output, neuro c…
25 terms
4. Medical Conditions and Surgeries
CAD (Coronary Artery Disease)
DM (Diabetes Mellitus)
MI (Mycoardial Infarction)
CVA (Cerebrovascular Accident)
heart disease
condition in which person has an abnormally high level of glu…
heart attack
stroke
CAD (Coronary Artery Disease)
heart disease
DM (Diabetes Mellitus)
condition in which person has an abnormally high level of glu…
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