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Study sets matching "historiography"

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Study sets matching "historiography"

10 terms
Historiography
History
Analysis
Primary Source
BC/BCE
A chronological narrative of events
A detailed examination of the elements or structure of someth…
An original source that informs directly, not through another…
BC="Before Christ"... BCE= Before Common Era"
History
A chronological narrative of events
Analysis
A detailed examination of the elements or structure of someth…
12 terms
Historiography
Amateur
Professional
Puritans 1630-1700
Patricians 1700-1870
not paid, interest or hobby of history, not always educated…
higher educations, makes living off history, becomes availabl…
mindset-"God wanted it to happen"... Puritans are God's "chosen…
decline of focus on church in America, rejecting supernatural…
Amateur
not paid, interest or hobby of history, not always educated…
Professional
higher educations, makes living off history, becomes availabl…
12 terms
Historiography
Hisoriography
Primary Source
Secondary Source
Authenticity
Different perspectives that people took on history
1st hand account, unfiltered, person or thing that was there
A filtered source that uses primary sources to draw a conclus…
Real or fake? Is it authentic?
Hisoriography
Different perspectives that people took on history
Primary Source
1st hand account, unfiltered, person or thing that was there
17 terms
Historiography
Historicism
Historicism application and style
accidentalist
accidentalist application and style
scientific approach to study of history based on objective an…
empiricism (science), positivism (embracing)
accidents are main driving force of change
nihilism, narrative
Historicism
scientific approach to study of history based on objective an…
Historicism application and style
empiricism (science), positivism (embracing)
Historiography
History
Karl Marx
ultimate history
aesthetic
The past and an account of the past
father of scientific socialism; predicted the beginnings of c…
a paradigm made by Lord Acton in which our historiography or…
a set of principles underlying and guiding the work of a part…
History
The past and an account of the past
Karl Marx
father of scientific socialism; predicted the beginnings of c…
10 terms
historiography
Puritan
Professional neo-conservative
Professional scientific
Professional progressives
-driven by religion... -1st school (1600s)
-emphasized consensus rather than conflict
-inspired by Darwin
-emphasized conflict between classes
Puritan
-driven by religion... -1st school (1600s)
Professional neo-conservative
-emphasized consensus rather than conflict
23 terms
Historiography
Description
Narrative
Analytical
Auguste Comte
striving to create their readers the illusion of direct exper…
story telling. It can take the reader anywhere up a blind all…
history is studied analytically more now as it has become a s…
the most influential positivist philosopher of the 19th century
Description
striving to create their readers the illusion of direct exper…
Narrative
story telling. It can take the reader anywhere up a blind all…
10 terms
historiography!
the history of historical writing
puritan
patrician
patrician 3 stages
historiography
no edu... v influenced by religion ... no science ... triumphs and dis…
amateur... 1700-1870... decline of church... enlightenment... man can inf…
Newtonian science... nationalism... romantic
the history of historical writing
historiography
puritan
no edu... v influenced by religion ... no science ... triumphs and dis…
62 terms
Historiography
Reasons - Kolb
Reasons - Carr
Reasons - Lee
Reasons - Eb & Scheidemann
Partly latent and partly manifest.
"As the old order crumbled away under the strain of war and d…
references that the clash of contemporary, popular liberalist…
argued that war and the prospect of defeat increased the stra…
Reasons - Kolb
Partly latent and partly manifest.
Reasons - Carr
"As the old order crumbled away under the strain of war and d…
22 terms
Historiography
K. Pyle
W. Beasley
P. J. Bailey
P. J. Bailey 2
Conservatives felt Japan had a duty to have a strong military…
1880s onwards, Western ideas should not be adopted just for b…
Yuan's failure to create support for modernisation under the…
1916-1928, Pure Warlordism.
K. Pyle
Conservatives felt Japan had a duty to have a strong military…
W. Beasley
1880s onwards, Western ideas should not be adopted just for b…
10 terms
Historiography
Napoleon influence
Patriotism in the 19th century
German Confederation
Carlsbad Decree
Carr; 'Napoleon is rightly regarded as one of the makers of m…
Carr; 'a sturdy regional patriotism flourished in the 19th ce…
-Carr; 'the German Confederation of 1815 was essentially a mo…
Carr; 'The Carlsbad Decree succeeded in keeping Germany quiet…
Napoleon influence
Carr; 'Napoleon is rightly regarded as one of the makers of m…
Patriotism in the 19th century
Carr; 'a sturdy regional patriotism flourished in the 19th ce…
11 terms
Historiography
Hagen Schulze
Karl Bracher
A.J.P Taylor
Hans Mommsen
WEIMAR: 'Vicious Cycle' - weak coalitions led to radicalisati…
Main Problem with the constitution was the relationship betwe…
Reparations were damaging because of the 'resentment' they ca…
Brüning's use of Article 48 was as much the cause of collapse…
Hagen Schulze
WEIMAR: 'Vicious Cycle' - weak coalitions led to radicalisati…
Karl Bracher
Main Problem with the constitution was the relationship betwe…
12 terms
Historiography
they did live in a genuine Volksgemein…
a demagogic dictator
unprecedented strain of a world econom…
accident when a river flows into the sea
Hues on the people's community... "large numbers of Germans b…
AJP Taylor "the Germans were enthusiastic for....
William Carr "it is inconceivable that Hitler could ever have…
AJP Taylor "it was no more a mistake for the German people to…
they did live in a genuine Volksgemein…
Hues on the people's community... "large numbers of Germans b…
a demagogic dictator
AJP Taylor "the Germans were enthusiastic for....
19 terms
Historiography
Richard Cust (2006)
Hutton (1999)... Hut =
Young (1997)
Morrill (1988)
King was unable to provide strong leadership that was needed…
= local community... It was the local community, not parliament…
Charles was in a strong bargaining position, did not wish to…
Referring to Charles I and James I as 'one of the greatest st…
Richard Cust (2006)
King was unable to provide strong leadership that was needed…
Hutton (1999)... Hut =
= local community... It was the local community, not parliament…
11 terms
Historiography
James Simms (Comment on Witte's reform)
Alexander Gerschenkron (Comment on Wit…
Alexander Gerschenkron (Russia's state…
Orlando Figes (Russia's sate in 1914)
Since peasant tax revenues were rising; peasant sector must h…
The government forced industrialisation with little regard fo…
Tsardom could have continued because Russia's industrial prog…
War or no war - the system the Tsar tried to preserve could n…
James Simms (Comment on Witte's reform)
Since peasant tax revenues were rising; peasant sector must h…
Alexander Gerschenkron (Comment on Wit…
The government forced industrialisation with little regard fo…
29 terms
Historiography
Sydney Bradshaw Fay
A.J.P Taylor - WW1
Fritz Fischer
Martel
Larger forces in Europe (Nationalism, Imperialism) led to WW1
German ambitions and the alliance system led to WW1
German ambitions and militarism led to WW1
The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand was the final straw i…
Sydney Bradshaw Fay
Larger forces in Europe (Nationalism, Imperialism) led to WW1
A.J.P Taylor - WW1
German ambitions and the alliance system led to WW1
48 terms
Historiography
Service on treaty of brest- litovsk
Pipes on treaty of brest
Figes on NEP/Tambov
Quote on 1921 strikes in Petrograd & M…
"Nearly tore the part asunder"
"highly unpopular"
Bolsheviks "surrendered to the peasantry"
Escalated into a "volatile threat" -Ryan
Service on treaty of brest- litovsk
"Nearly tore the part asunder"
Pipes on treaty of brest
"highly unpopular"
47 terms
Historiography
Service on treaty of brest- litovsk
Pipes on treaty of brest
Figes on NEP/Tambov
Quote on 1921 strikes in Petrograd & M…
"Nearly tore the part asunder"
"highly unpopular"
Bolsheviks "surrendered to the peasantry"
Escalated into a "volatile threat" -Ryan
Service on treaty of brest- litovsk
"Nearly tore the part asunder"
Pipes on treaty of brest
"highly unpopular"
33 terms
Historiography
McCauley 1
Hart 1
Hart 2
McCauley 2
Fundimentally hostile, merely tempered by co operation when d…
The Cold War was caused by the military expansionism of Stali…
The American response was basically a defensive reaction
It's security needs led it to seek governments in states whic…
McCauley 1
Fundimentally hostile, merely tempered by co operation when d…
Hart 1
The Cold War was caused by the military expansionism of Stali…
17 terms
Historiography
thesis
historiography
authenticity
credibility
answer to EQ that is clear, concise, significant, and debatea…
the history of history
is info/evidence real/fake
is info believable/any expertise
thesis
answer to EQ that is clear, concise, significant, and debatea…
historiography
the history of history
14 terms
Historiography
historiography
a. Personal biases
b. Unconscious transference
c. short term memory is limited
the study of how events are reported differently (especially…
an opinion born with or learned early on from other people th…
unconsciously adding in information (from others that seem co…
our ability to remember little things right after they occur…
historiography
the study of how events are reported differently (especially…
a. Personal biases
an opinion born with or learned early on from other people th…
18 terms
Historiography
• What is Historiography?
• Why is history important?
• Why is history on-going?
• What constitutes a strong thesis sta…
the study of historical writings
to explain the past as a key to an understanding of the prese…
people see events from different perspectives so everyone fee…
Debatable Evidence Argument
• What is Historiography?
the study of historical writings
• Why is history important?
to explain the past as a key to an understanding of the prese…
25 terms
Historiography
Why study history?
Elements of history
Social Sciences
Primary Sources
History is not final... Different points of view (bias)... Conflict…
Time dimension... Collection of information about human experien…
Economics... Political Science... Psychology... Sociology... Geography... An…
Firsthand accounts of the past... Ex: Artifacts, maps, images, s…
Why study history?
History is not final... Different points of view (bias)... Conflict…
Elements of history
Time dimension... Collection of information about human experien…
9 terms
Historiography
historiography
school of thought
TULIP
Puritan
the study of the development of history as a discipline
a movement of people united by a certain belief
Total depravity (ppl=bad), Unconditional elect (chosen ones),…
god's will, TULIP; William Bradford was the governor of the n…
historiography
the study of the development of history as a discipline
school of thought
a movement of people united by a certain belief
Historiography
define historiography
what is factors play a role in the evo…
how were the schools of historiography…
what were the amateur schools of histo…
history of historical writing
history/biography of historians, context in which historians…
amateur, professional
puritans, patricians
define historiography
history of historical writing
what is factors play a role in the evo…
history/biography of historians, context in which historians…
25 terms
Historiography
Kett's rebellion 'Government hatred ca…
somerset was one of the most able gove…
Edward rather than northumberland crea…
Sterile
MacCulloch
Hoak
Hoak
Pollard
Kett's rebellion 'Government hatred ca…
MacCulloch
somerset was one of the most able gove…
Hoak
36 terms
Historiography
Mustafa Ali - Counsel for Sultans (1581)
Goldish, Jewish responsa
Woodhead
Brill
Warns against dangers of taxfarming
Jewish life in Ottoman empire
Braude and Lewis cited as 'believers' in Millet system. Abuse…
Government saw Ottoman conversion as a positive thing
Mustafa Ali - Counsel for Sultans (1581)
Warns against dangers of taxfarming
Goldish, Jewish responsa
Jewish life in Ottoman empire
6 terms
Historiography
What is Historiography?
What is a School of Thought?
Puritan School of Thought
Patrician School of Thought
The study of a school of thought
How history was viewed by a group of historians during a cert…
Writings dominated by ministers and political leaders; Events…
influenced by European Enlightenment; God was "creator" but d…
What is Historiography?
The study of a school of thought
What is a School of Thought?
How history was viewed by a group of historians during a cert…
29 terms
Historiography
Why Nicholas Cage is a poor example fo…
Lucian of Samosata
Thomas Blundevill
Citing Sources
He did no research prior to doing something. He put in no res…
rejection of Homeric history and advocated accurate, non-bias…
Tell things as they were done. With accuracy.
Herodotus gets sources from Persian Library... Richard White, en…
Why Nicholas Cage is a poor example fo…
He did no research prior to doing something. He put in no res…
Lucian of Samosata
rejection of Homeric history and advocated accurate, non-bias…
14 terms
Historiography
-Narrative... 1. Preserve memory of the p…
-Theologian not historian... -Chronologic…
-Chronological... -Critically analyzing w…
-Goal of history is to end up with God…
Herodotus
I Samuel
Thucydides
St. Augustine
-Narrative... 1. Preserve memory of the p…
Herodotus
-Theologian not historian... -Chronologic…
I Samuel
21 terms
Historiography
Mainichi Daily News Staff (Tokyo newsp…
Nobuya Bamba (professor, book), 1972 #1
Theodore Roosevelt
Ozaki Yukio (MP)
No one questioned the Emperor of Japan
Japanese people were nationalistic and wanting revenge for th…
Japanese people are very fierce fighters, though they have tw…
Japan cut spending on the military by 500 million yen and the…
Mainichi Daily News Staff (Tokyo newsp…
No one questioned the Emperor of Japan
Nobuya Bamba (professor, book), 1972 #1
Japanese people were nationalistic and wanting revenge for th…
35 terms
Historiography
Pearson - Stalin GPW
Figes - Stalin GPW
Harrison - Stalin GPW
Zhukov - Stalin GPW
Stalin's secure grip on government, party apparatus and econo…
No one can deny the extraordinary courage and sacrifice of th…
If WW2 was a test, then the Soviet economy passed
Would not have won the war without allied support
Pearson - Stalin GPW
Stalin's secure grip on government, party apparatus and econo…
Figes - Stalin GPW
No one can deny the extraordinary courage and sacrifice of th…
8 terms
historiography
structuralist
determinists
marxists
liberals
believe that large economic, political, cultural, etc. struct…
are extreme versions of structuralists. both groups overlappe…
emphasize social class and economic patterns in determining h…
not in the sense of people on the political left, believe tha…
structuralist
believe that large economic, political, cultural, etc. struct…
determinists
are extreme versions of structuralists. both groups overlappe…
13 terms
Historiography
What is unconscious transference?
What is personal bias?... didn't remember…
Limited Short Term Memory... "annoying bl…
Memory Fading... "ohhhhhhh"
When unsure of everything that happened, one adds information…
Personal bias affects one's perception of an event, issue, et…
(5-7 items 20 seconds max) When activities are going on you a…
If you don't access the information often it is likely that y…
What is unconscious transference?
When unsure of everything that happened, one adds information…
What is personal bias?... didn't remember…
Personal bias affects one's perception of an event, issue, et…
13 terms
Historiography
Peter Bourne Fidel (1986)
Peter Bourne Fidel (1986)
Leycester Coltman The Real Fidel Castr…
Leycester Coltman The Real Fidel Castr…
Largely unappreciated in the United States was the fact that…
After the Revolution either they could accept that Fidel was…
By 1985 Castro felt the cold wind from Moscow. Many Western o…
The 1991 Party Congress had virtually killed off all hopes th…
Peter Bourne Fidel (1986)
Largely unappreciated in the United States was the fact that…
Peter Bourne Fidel (1986)
After the Revolution either they could accept that Fidel was…
12 terms
Historiography
History
Analytical Approach
Thesis
Evidence
The way people look at or interpret the meaning of facts abou…
Focuses on history as interpretation. A historian makes a str…
A short statement, usually one sentence, that summarizes the…
That which tends to prove or disprove something; grounds for…
History
The way people look at or interpret the meaning of facts abou…
Analytical Approach
Focuses on history as interpretation. A historian makes a str…
8 terms
Historiography
AJP Taylor; Hitler and Foreign policy
Kershaw; Hitler
Shirer; Ideology
Hildebrand; Soviets
Hitler consisted of Opportunism and improvisation, Functional…
Hitler Lazy Dictator, Functionalist. Didn't think allies woul…
Nazism was logical phase in Germany's development, Determinist
External events such as Munich pact 1938 caused the Nazi Sovi…
AJP Taylor; Hitler and Foreign policy
Hitler consisted of Opportunism and improvisation, Functional…
Kershaw; Hitler
Hitler Lazy Dictator, Functionalist. Didn't think allies woul…
16 terms
Historiography
historiography
Progressive
Progressive
Progressive
a study of changing historical interpretations, shifting emph…
1900-1940s
Charles Beard "An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution…
hoped for social and political betterment of society of their…
historiography
a study of changing historical interpretations, shifting emph…
Progressive
1900-1940s
14 terms
Historiography
Chronicle
Economics
Politics
Psycology
A record of events in the order in which occurred.
Study of economy, money
Study of government
Study of human brain, behavior
Chronicle
A record of events in the order in which occurred.
Economics
Study of economy, money
19 terms
Historiography
Historiography
Puritans
Patricians
Deism
the study of groups of historians or schools of thought
write history through a religious point of view (a function o…
(late 17th century/18th) began writing history based off of "…
a creator (deity) creates the orderly universe and does not i…
Historiography
the study of groups of historians or schools of thought
Puritans
write history through a religious point of view (a function o…
Historiography
"Stalin always appeared to be going al…
"Stalin sincerely regarded himself as…
"had luck on his side, had Lenin not d…
Lenin "approved the ban on factions an…
Intro, Ch4
Pipes, Ch4, P1
McCauley, Ch4, P1
Westwood, Ch4, P1
"Stalin always appeared to be going al…
Intro, Ch4
"Stalin sincerely regarded himself as…
Pipes, Ch4, P1
8 terms
Historiography
Puritains, 1630-1700
Patrician, 1700-1870
Scientific (Prof.) 1870-1910
Progressive (Prof.) 1910-1945
Very religous, thought they were the chosen people, God based
Influenced by the Enlightenment. Men can make their own desti…
History is science not literature. We evolve and adapt
Liberals. Upper class> lower class. Influenced by reform move…
Puritains, 1630-1700
Very religous, thought they were the chosen people, God based
Patrician, 1700-1870
Influenced by the Enlightenment. Men can make their own desti…
34 terms
Historiography
Period 1
Period 2
Period 3
Period 4
1491-1607
1607-1754
1754-1800
1800-1848
Period 1
1491-1607
Period 2
1607-1754
21 terms
Historiography
* How did the historical methods of He…
* Based on the ideas of ancient people…
How were certain cultural traditions u…
* Who was the "Father" of the positivi…
Tacitus's historical writing focused on the rise of tyrannica…
Unlike historians before them, Herodotus and Thucydides focus…
The creation of sacred tales and fables of culture or religio…
auguste comte
* How did the historical methods of He…
Tacitus's historical writing focused on the rise of tyrannica…
* Based on the ideas of ancient people…
Unlike historians before them, Herodotus and Thucydides focus…
12 terms
Historiography
C. Carpenter on Henry's usurpation
G. Elton on rebellions
Francis Bacon on the nobility
G. Elton on the church
'Henry had the enormous advantage of replacing a king who had…
'The Simnel plot was a major threat'
'He kept a strong hand on his nobility'
'The state of the church was widely believed to be rotten'
C. Carpenter on Henry's usurpation
'Henry had the enormous advantage of replacing a king who had…
G. Elton on rebellions
'The Simnel plot was a major threat'
31 terms
Historiography
8 Schools of History
Providential
Progressive
Cyclical
1. Provedential... 2. Progressive ... 3. Cyclical ... 4. Marxism... 5 Eth…
the course of history is determined by devine force
humans have been making progress due to human ability
history repeats itself
8 Schools of History
1. Provedential... 2. Progressive ... 3. Cyclical ... 4. Marxism... 5 Eth…
Providential
the course of history is determined by devine force
10 terms
Historiography
Nationalist School (1890's)
States Rights School (1890's)
Progressive School (1900-1920's)
Revisionists (1920's)
James Ford Rhodes - Slavery cause disunion, "slave power cons…
Southern historians - war was to preserve Southern way of life
Charles Beard - not fought for slavery, economic reasons: tar…
James Randall Ramsdell - Civil War was caused by politicians…
Nationalist School (1890's)
James Ford Rhodes - Slavery cause disunion, "slave power cons…
States Rights School (1890's)
Southern historians - war was to preserve Southern way of life
14 terms
Historiography
Workers were the vanguard
The driving force behind the revolutio…
Protest against the autocratic regime…
A series of disasters
CPSU (workers) 1905/Feb 1917
E.H.Carr (workers) 1905/Feb 1917
Shapiro (middle class) 1905/Feb 1917
Fitzpatrick (war disasters) 1905/Feb 1917
Workers were the vanguard
CPSU (workers) 1905/Feb 1917
The driving force behind the revolutio…
E.H.Carr (workers) 1905/Feb 1917
28 terms
historiography
frank stenton has left images of
Susan...
ridyard argued prejudice against saint…
evidence suggests lanfranc never placed
bigoted norman churchmen
ridyard shows norman churchmen accepted their new saints
foolish
relics within the main body of the church
frank stenton has left images of
bigoted norman churchmen
Susan...
ridyard shows norman churchmen accepted their new saints
10 terms
Historiography
Subjective
Objective
Narrative
Account
Based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or feeli…
Not influenced by personal feelings or prejudice based on fac…
A story or account of events weather true or fictitious.
An oral or written description of particular events or situat…
Subjective
Based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or feeli…
Objective
Not influenced by personal feelings or prejudice based on fac…
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