Study sets matching "history 8"

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Study sets matching "history 8"

7 terms
History8
checks and balances
president
congress
federal judges
limits or balances the power of another branch goverment.
executive branch
legislative branch
judicial branch
checks and balances
limits or balances the power of another branch goverment.
president
executive branch
10 terms
History Words Week 8
diplomacy
converts
Manifest Destiny
transcendentalism
the art of conducting negotiations with other countries. Peop…
people who accept a new religion
the belief that it was America's right and duty to spread acr…
a philosophy that taught that people should "transcend" (or g…
diplomacy
the art of conducting negotiations with other countries. Peop…
converts
people who accept a new religion
History 8
militarism
mobilization
central powers
alieies
...
...
...
...
militarism
...
mobilization
...
History 8 Hindu Terms
Brahman
Atman
Samsara
Dharma
universe/ force and universal life
essential self, constant soul
cycle of death and rebirth
how you should act
Brahman
universe/ force and universal life
Atman
essential self, constant soul
World History - Vocabulary 8
feudalism
fief
knight
chivalry
Powerful local lords divided their large landholdings among t…
estate
A mounted warrior
Code of conduct for knights
feudalism
Powerful local lords divided their large landholdings among t…
fief
estate
15 terms
History Alive 8 chapter 9
Popular Sovereignty
Legislative Branch
Executive Branch
Judicial Branch
The idea that the government's authority comes from the people.
The lawmaking part of government, called the legislature. To…
The part of government that carries out, or executes the law.
The part of government, consisting of the Supreme Court and l…
Popular Sovereignty
The idea that the government's authority comes from the people.
Legislative Branch
The lawmaking part of government, called the legislature. To…
History 8
by 1776 what did the continental congr…
what was a major problem when forming…
what were the two groups that formed a…
nationalist (3)
set up a gov.which was important for trade, bigger issues etc
the delegates were divided
Nationalist and federalist
wanted a strong central gov. with power to regulate trade, co…
by 1776 what did the continental congr…
set up a gov.which was important for trade, bigger issues etc
what was a major problem when forming…
the delegates were divided
History 8
Gospel of Wealth
Social Darwinism
Advantages of a Corporation
Monopoly
idea to defend the rise of millionaires, vast accumulation of…
philosophers apply Darwin's theory of natural selection to de…
raise large amounts of capital and have protections of an ind…
Eliminating competition with complete control of industry
Gospel of Wealth
idea to defend the rise of millionaires, vast accumulation of…
Social Darwinism
philosophers apply Darwin's theory of natural selection to de…
10 terms
US History 7&8
Industrialization of the Northeast
1st American industry to industrialize
Jacksonian Democrats oppose National B…
Necessity of Missouri Compromise
rivers-water power and transportation, more workers, children…
textile
only benefited a wealthy few
slavery and issue of sectionalism
Industrialization of the Northeast
rivers-water power and transportation, more workers, children…
1st American industry to industrialize
textile
11 terms
History 8
Thomas Jefferson was the leader of the
Alexander Hamilton was the leader of the
Feared a strong central government wou…
Favored a national bank and tariffs. T…
Republicans
Federalists
Republicans
Federalists
Thomas Jefferson was the leader of the
Republicans
Alexander Hamilton was the leader of the
Federalists
History 8
Counterinsurgency
Lyndon B. Johnson
Domino Theory
Mekong Delta Campaign
Military or political action taken against the activities of…
president who succeeded Kennedy and actively supported civil…
The US theory that stated, if one country would fall to Commu…
A campaign to rid the area of all the Viet Cong that infested…
Counterinsurgency
Military or political action taken against the activities of…
Lyndon B. Johnson
president who succeeded Kennedy and actively supported civil…
History 8
Subsidy
Exports
Emigrated
Colonize
A government payment that supports a business or market
Goods and Services sold to other countries
VERB leave one's own country in order to settle permanently i…
to make settlements in a new place, to form colonies
Subsidy
A government payment that supports a business or market
Exports
Goods and Services sold to other countries
36 terms
History 8
crusade
Renaissance
line of dermarcation
NW West Passage
religious war between Islam and Christianity
rebirth
Divided the world between Portugal and spain
water trade route through America, never found
crusade
religious war between Islam and Christianity
Renaissance
rebirth
17 terms
History 8
Five Parts of Hamilton's Program & Sho…
Strict Constructionists
Jefferson Hamilton bargin
Impressment
His Long Term purpouse was to make the United States a major…
The insisted that the federal government could exercise only…
At a famous dinner in 1790 at which Jefferson brokered an agr…
Kidnapping sailors, including Americans of British origin, to…
Five Parts of Hamilton's Program & Sho…
His Long Term purpouse was to make the United States a major…
Strict Constructionists
The insisted that the federal government could exercise only…
29 terms
History 8
stewardship
rampant
redemption
integrate
job of supervising or taking care of something
spreading unchecked
action of being saved from a sin
combine with another to become whole
stewardship
job of supervising or taking care of something
rampant
spreading unchecked
History 8
Supply-side economics
Cooperative individualism
isolationism
Mass production
a macroeconomic theory that argues economic growth can be mos…
a branch of cooperative economics that promotes the ownership…
a policy of remaining apart from the affairs or interests of…
the production of large amounts of standardized products, inc…
Supply-side economics
a macroeconomic theory that argues economic growth can be mos…
Cooperative individualism
a branch of cooperative economics that promotes the ownership…
10 terms
History 8
Cabinet
Bill of Rights
Assumption
Strict Constructionalists
Department of state: Jefferson... , treasury: Alex Hamilton, ... an…
First ten ammendments
The national governments takeover on all state debts; Alexand…
Followed Constitution
Cabinet
Department of state: Jefferson... , treasury: Alex Hamilton, ... an…
Bill of Rights
First ten ammendments
history 8
The ( ) was ultimately responsible for…
The often mistreated slaves on large S…
Lands acquired after the( ) left the p…
The ( ) was made because of a desire t…
...
...
...
...
The ( ) was ultimately responsible for…
...
The often mistreated slaves on large S…
...
13 terms
History 8
Popular sovereignty
Election of 1848
The Compromise of 1850
Fugitive Slave Law
the idea that people living in the state of territory should…
Zachary Tyler and Martin Van Buren
Henry Clay
Requiring northern states to return runaway slaves to the South
Popular sovereignty
the idea that people living in the state of territory should…
Election of 1848
Zachary Tyler and Martin Van Buren
15 terms
history 8
balance of trade
circumnavigation
Columbian Exchange
Christopher Columbus
the difference in value between a country's imports and expor…
Circumnavigation means to travel all the way around the entir…
The Columbian Exchange was the widespread transfer of animals…
Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer, navigator, colo…
balance of trade
the difference in value between a country's imports and expor…
circumnavigation
Circumnavigation means to travel all the way around the entir…
42 terms
History 8
Turning point... Affairs in europe
Developing our country and resources
Strength the growing nation
Era of good feelings 1817-1825
War of 1812 wasnt a victory for either side butnit was a ___…
Americans turned their attention to ___
War gave Americans a spirit of patriotism and united us under…
This feeling of patriotism and pride was so strong that this…
Turning point... Affairs in europe
War of 1812 wasnt a victory for either side butnit was a ___…
Developing our country and resources
Americans turned their attention to ___
History 8 vocabulary
Quaker
Pious
Martyr
toleration
religious group that called itself the Society of Friends and…
proper, sober, religious
one who would rather die than deny his or her beliefs
acceptance of different beliefs or behaviors
Quaker
religious group that called itself the Society of Friends and…
Pious
proper, sober, religious
22 terms
history 8
repeal
secession
impressment
charles l enfant
to take back a law they believed was unconstitutional
withdrawal from the union
when england wanted sailors they would kidnap them
designed washington dc
repeal
to take back a law they believed was unconstitutional
secession
withdrawal from the union
History 8
Animism
Griots
Bantu
Ge'ez
The belief that spirits are present in animals, plants, and o…
A west African storyteller
The speakers of a related group of languages who, beginning a…
Only ancient African kingdom to develop written language
Animism
The belief that spirits are present in animals, plants, and o…
Griots
A west African storyteller
History 8
Courts of appeals
Dissenting Opinion
Districts Court
Exclusive Jurisdiction
federal courts that review the process of how longer trial co…
written statement prepared by any Supreme Court justice who v…
federal courts that conduct trials of cases that have not pre…
authority held by a court to be the only court that can rule…
Courts of appeals
federal courts that review the process of how longer trial co…
Dissenting Opinion
written statement prepared by any Supreme Court justice who v…
32 terms
Year 8 History: Renaissance
Renaissance
secular
humanism
Baldassare Castiglione
an era of renewed interest and remarkable progress in art, li…
having a worldly (ordinary life) rather than spiritual (churc…
a movement that emphasized the possibilities of individual ac…
Italian aristocrat who wrote "The Courtier", which became a h…
Renaissance
an era of renewed interest and remarkable progress in art, li…
secular
having a worldly (ordinary life) rather than spiritual (churc…
history #8
Prohibition
Speakeasies
Bootleggers
Fundamentalism
Production,sale,transport of alcohol illegal
Hidden saloons, nightclubs
Snuggle alcohol from surrounding countries
Movement based on literal interpretation of bible
Prohibition
Production,sale,transport of alcohol illegal
Speakeasies
Hidden saloons, nightclubs
13 terms
History 8
1
2
3
4
French and Indian war
Stamp Act
Townshend Acts
Writs of Assistance
1
French and Indian war
2
Stamp Act
40 terms
History 8
Laissez Faire
Boston Massacre
Boston Tea Party
Valley Forge
Idea that government should play as small a role as possible…
The first bloodshed of the American Revolution (1770), as Bri…
A 1773 protest against British taxes in which Boston colonist…
Place where Washington's army spent the winter of 1777-1778,…
Laissez Faire
Idea that government should play as small a role as possible…
Boston Massacre
The first bloodshed of the American Revolution (1770), as Bri…
history 8
Massachusetts bay colony
new york
maryland
rhode island
in 1630, by john winthrop .religious freedom puritans were be…
1664 by English 1628 by dutch founded by peter minuit. fur tr…
in 1632 by celcilious cavert religious and political freedom
in 1636 by roger williams he was banished from Massachusetts…
Massachusetts bay colony
in 1630, by john winthrop .religious freedom puritans were be…
new york
1664 by English 1628 by dutch founded by peter minuit. fur tr…
History #8
Storminh of the bastille
Austria. Russia, and Britain
•return to pre-1789 boundaries... •suppor…
The unequal tax system
Fighting in the french revolution began with the
3 countries that participated in the Congress of Vienna
What three decisions were reached at the congress of vienna
Which cause of the French Revolution was made worse by the ex…
Storminh of the bastille
Fighting in the french revolution began with the
Austria. Russia, and Britain
3 countries that participated in the Congress of Vienna
History #8
national legislative body formed by th…
1- Declare war... 1- Ask each of the stat…
1- Foreign nations did not respect our…
Some small states that did not have We…
Congress of Confederation
Articles of Confederation Powers
Articles of Confederation Weaknesses
Dispute over western lands
national legislative body formed by th…
Congress of Confederation
1- Declare war... 1- Ask each of the stat…
Articles of Confederation Powers
15 terms
History 8
popular sovereignty
limited government
enumerated power
reserved power
the belief that government is subject to the will of the people
government with limited powers strictly defined by law
power specifically given Congress in the Constitution
power belonging only to the states
popular sovereignty
the belief that government is subject to the will of the people
limited government
government with limited powers strictly defined by law
Generalist 4-8 History
1529
1528-1534
1685
1688
Spanish explorer Alonso Alvarez de Pineda maps the Texas coast
Spanish explorer Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca explores Texas fo…
LaSalle established Fort St. Louis at Matagorda Bay, providin…
The French colony is massacred
1529
Spanish explorer Alonso Alvarez de Pineda maps the Texas coast
1528-1534
Spanish explorer Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca explores Texas fo…
9 terms
History 8
Estuary
Southeasterly
Lumbee
Native Americans
Salt marsh containing sea life
Coastal plain rivers flow in this direction
Most distinctive ppl in the coastal plain
This group from Robertson county form the largest population…
Estuary
Salt marsh containing sea life
Southeasterly
Coastal plain rivers flow in this direction
37 terms
history 8
confucianism
judaism
diaspora
zionism
A physiolophy of ethic, education, and public service based o…
religion with its roots in the teaching of Abraham, who is cr…
from the Greek to disperse, I term describing forceful or vol…
movement to unite the Jewish people of the diaspora and to es…
confucianism
A physiolophy of ethic, education, and public service based o…
judaism
religion with its roots in the teaching of Abraham, who is cr…
46 terms
history 8
Judicial act of 1789
how many associate justices are there
constitutional courts
constitutional courts
the first bill ever introduced in the senate , and our legisl…
nine
created by the authority of the constitution under article III
1. the subject matter of the case , 2. the parties involved c…
Judicial act of 1789
the first bill ever introduced in the senate , and our legisl…
how many associate justices are there
nine
History Unit 7 &8
All Republicans... Warden Harding, Calvin…
Departed from Progressive Era Reforms…
President 1921-23 ... New Era President
President 1923-29... New Era President
New Era Presidents
New Era Presidents
Warren Harding
Calvin Coolidge
All Republicans... Warden Harding, Calvin…
New Era Presidents
Departed from Progressive Era Reforms…
New Era Presidents
26 terms
history #8
quran
hijra
hajj
sharia
the holy book of Islam
Muhammad's journey from Mecca to Medina in 622
one of the five pillars of Islam, pilgrimage that all Muslims…
body of Islamic law that includes interpretation of the quran…
quran
the holy book of Islam
hijra
Muhammad's journey from Mecca to Medina in 622
History 8
James Madison emerged from Princeton C…
Under the Articles of Confederation, t…
Under the Articles of Confederation...
The Articles of Confederation were fin…
an exceptional scholar with no real plan for his life.
an executive and judicial branch as well as the power to levy…
each state had a single vote in Congress.
claims to western lands
James Madison emerged from Princeton C…
an exceptional scholar with no real plan for his life.
Under the Articles of Confederation, t…
an executive and judicial branch as well as the power to levy…
116 terms
US History 8-Midterm
Monarchy
Theocracy
Patriots
Loyalists
Political system in which a state is ruled by a king or queen…
Government whose leaders ruled in the name of God
Colonists who believed the colonies had a right to govern the…
Colonists who had a deep loyalty to Great Britain
Monarchy
Political system in which a state is ruled by a king or queen…
Theocracy
Government whose leaders ruled in the name of God
Chapter 7 and 8 - World History
King Minos
Minoan
Mycenaeans
Tribe
King of Crete
Group of people, named after Minos - King of Crete
Group divided into tribes and clans
Number of clans with its own Chief
King Minos
King of Crete
Minoan
Group of people, named after Minos - King of Crete
31 terms
History 8
compass
astrolabes
Renaissance
pilgrimage
an instrument that shows the direction of magnetic north
an instrument used to plan a course using the stars
a reawakening of culture and intellectual curiosity in Europe…
religious journey
compass
an instrument that shows the direction of magnetic north
astrolabes
an instrument used to plan a course using the stars
history 8
"In God we trust"
statements that describe aims for USA…
Miranda vs Arizona
Chinese revolution resulted in
Congress adopted the motto to distinguish American culture fr…
establish strong presence in space to gather information abou…
Requires police to follow procedures in order to protect righ…
China coming under communist rule
"In God we trust"
Congress adopted the motto to distinguish American culture fr…
statements that describe aims for USA…
establish strong presence in space to gather information abou…
10 terms
history 8
Dorothea Dix
gag rule
Charles Grandson
Henry David Thoreau
person called for reform in the prison system regarding metal…
a rule that limited or prevented debate about slavery in wash…
he was preacher who inspired modern televangelists and gave e…
Leader of transcendentalists movement who inspired people to…
Dorothea Dix
person called for reform in the prison system regarding metal…
gag rule
a rule that limited or prevented debate about slavery in wash…
10 terms
History Alive 8 chapter 10
Bill of Rights
warrant
Double Jeopardy
Self-incrimination
A formal listing of the basic rights of U.S. citizens.
An order from a judge that authorizes police or other officia…
Putting a person on trial more than once for the same crime.
Giving testimony that can be used against oneself.
Bill of Rights
A formal listing of the basic rights of U.S. citizens.
warrant
An order from a judge that authorizes police or other officia…
history 8
substance faming
traiangular trade
cash crop
diversty
farmers focus on growing enough food to feed themsleves and f…
a multimaterial system of trading witch a country pays for it…
a crop produced for its commerical value rather than for the…
the state of being diverse
substance faming
farmers focus on growing enough food to feed themsleves and f…
traiangular trade
a multimaterial system of trading witch a country pays for it…
8 Louisiana History Midterm
What are the 6 Historic Indian Tribes?
Who were the owners Of Louisiana?
What are the 6 state recognized tribes?
How does a Indian tribe become federal…
1. The Caddo... 2. The Attakapas... 3. The Chitimacha... 4. The Muskog…
1. French... 2. Spanish... 3. French... 4. America
1. Caddo-Adais... 2. Chocctaw-Apache... 3. Clifton Choctaw... 4. Four-…
1. Prove through historical documents that it has always exis…
What are the 6 Historic Indian Tribes?
1. The Caddo... 2. The Attakapas... 3. The Chitimacha... 4. The Muskog…
Who were the owners Of Louisiana?
1. French... 2. Spanish... 3. French... 4. America
13 terms
Church history, session 8
Saint Anthony grew up in a wealthy fam…
Benedict wrote a guide for monastic li…
Thomas Aquinas was a great theologian,…
Men or women living in religious commu…
True
False
True
True
Saint Anthony grew up in a wealthy fam…
True
Benedict wrote a guide for monastic li…
False
8 terms
History Ch. 8-1
Isolation
Expansionism
Matthew Perry
Imperialism
Non-involvement
A policy that calls for expanding a nation's boundaries.
In 1853, he steamed into Tokyo Bay with 4 warships and asked…
The actions used by one nation to exercise political or econo…
Isolation
Non-involvement
Expansionism
A policy that calls for expanding a nation's boundaries.
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