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Study sets matching "history chapter 12"

20 terms
History Chapter 12
The First estate was composed of
______ endured the reign of terror in…
France was predominately a ___________…
the tennis court oath was taken in
Clergy
France
Catholic
France
The First estate was composed of
Clergy
______ endured the reign of terror in…
France
17 terms
US History Chapter 12 Vocab
Herbert Hoover
speculation
Black Tuesday
business cycle
31st President of the United States, Republican candidate who…
practice of making high-risk investments in hopes of obtainin…
October 29, 1929, when stock prices fell sharply in the Great…
periodic growth and contraction of the economy
Herbert Hoover
31st President of the United States, Republican candidate who…
speculation
practice of making high-risk investments in hopes of obtainin…
9 terms
History Chapter 12
desert
sahara
Kalahari
rainforest
region with little rainfall and few plants
in northern africa
in southern Africa
a tropical area near the equator with huge trees and vines
desert
region with little rainfall and few plants
sahara
in northern africa
29 terms
US HISTORY CHAPTER 12
Cost-Plus Contracts
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
Liberty Ships
War Production Board
Government incentive to pay cost plus a percent in order to e…
Goverment agency that gave money to business that made things…
Cargo Ships- made in Richmond Rosie the Riverters
Determined who got what for the war- controlled all military…
Cost-Plus Contracts
Government incentive to pay cost plus a percent in order to e…
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
Goverment agency that gave money to business that made things…
41 terms
AMSCO AP US History Chapter 12
manifest destiny
Texas
Stephen Austin
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
The belief that the United States had a divine mission to ext…
The Republic of Texas was an independent nation, it's annexat…
Known as the Father of Texas, led the second and ultimately s…
A Mexican general and dictator, who dominated Mexican politic…
manifest destiny
The belief that the United States had a divine mission to ext…
Texas
The Republic of Texas was an independent nation, it's annexat…
10 terms
History Chapter 12- Oregon Fever!
Oregon Country
Rendezvous
Annex
Tejanos
today includes Oregon, Washington, Idaho, parts of Wyoming, M…
a meeting of Mountain Men and fur traders
to add
Mexicans who lived in Texas
Oregon Country
today includes Oregon, Washington, Idaho, parts of Wyoming, M…
Rendezvous
a meeting of Mountain Men and fur traders
Chapter 12 The History of Life
Relative Dating
Radiometric Dating
Isotope
Half Life
Estimates the time during which an organism lived by comparin…
A technique that uses the natural decay rate of unstable isot…
Atoms of an element that have the same number of protons but…
The amount of time it takes for half of the isotope in a samp…
Relative Dating
Estimates the time during which an organism lived by comparin…
Radiometric Dating
A technique that uses the natural decay rate of unstable isot…
37 terms
AP History: Chapter 12 Terms
Amistad
Charles Grandison Finney
Edgar Allan Poe
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Ship on which Spanish captured slaves seized command of the v…
An evangelist preacher who emphasized the conversion experien…
"The Raven"; helped create the genres of detective fiction an…
A founder and leader of the American woman suffrage movement…
Amistad
Ship on which Spanish captured slaves seized command of the v…
Charles Grandison Finney
An evangelist preacher who emphasized the conversion experien…
42 terms
AMSCO AP US History Chapter 12
manifest destiny
Elias Howe
Samuel F. B. Morse
railroads
The belief that the United States had a divine mission to ext…
The U.S. inventor of the sewing machine, which moved much of…
In 1844, he invented the electric telegraph which allowed com…
In the 1840s and the 1850s this industry expanded very quickl…
manifest destiny
The belief that the United States had a divine mission to ext…
Elias Howe
The U.S. inventor of the sewing machine, which moved much of…
Chapter 12: The History of Life
Relative Dating
Radiometric dating
Isotope
index fossil
Method of determining the age of a fossil by comparing its pl…
the process of measuring the absolute age of geologic materia…
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
a fossil known to have lived in a particular geologic age tha…
Relative Dating
Method of determining the age of a fossil by comparing its pl…
Radiometric dating
the process of measuring the absolute age of geologic materia…
26 terms
History Alive Chapter 12 & 13 - Africa
matrilineal
headdress
porter
deposit
based on a woman's family line
a decorative covering worn on the head, often as a sign of rank
a person who is hired to carry loads
a layer or mass of a material found in rock or in the ground
matrilineal
based on a woman's family line
headdress
a decorative covering worn on the head, often as a sign of rank
32 terms
History Chapter 12
J. Gresham Machen
William Jennings Bryan
Calvin Coolidge
Lusitania
Who is the professor who gave radio talks about the truth of…
Who is the lawyer who one the Scopes trial against evolution?
Who said, "The strength of the nation depends upon the charac…
Over 100 Americans die when the British sand which passenger…
J. Gresham Machen
Who is the professor who gave radio talks about the truth of…
William Jennings Bryan
Who is the lawyer who one the Scopes trial against evolution?
35 terms
World History - Chapter 12
Sui Dynasty
Grand Canal
Xi'an
Zen
Started the building of the Grand Canal
World's largest and oldest canal
Capital of Tang; had 2 million people
Famous sect of Buddhism
Sui Dynasty
Started the building of the Grand Canal
Grand Canal
World's largest and oldest canal
17 terms
AP US History Chapter 12
coastal trade
inland system
Chattel principle
benevolent masters
The domestic slave trade with routes along the Atlantic coast…
The slave trade system in the interior of the country that fe…
A system of bondage in which a slave has the legal status of…
Slave owners who considered themselves committed to the welfa…
coastal trade
The domestic slave trade with routes along the Atlantic coast…
inland system
The slave trade system in the interior of the country that fe…
42 terms
History Chapter 12
Era of Reform
social reform
Second Great Awakening
Charles Finney
period of widespread social activism and political reform
attempts to improve conditions of life
new change of religious ideas
held the first religious revivals
Era of Reform
period of widespread social activism and political reform
social reform
attempts to improve conditions of life
20 terms
Chapter 12 of American History
republican
inauguration
ceremony
reduce
n.共和党人
n.就职典礼
n.典礼,仪式
v.减少
republican
n.共和党人
inauguration
n.就职典礼
13 terms
World History Chapter 12
satellite state
policy of containment
arms race
deterrence
a country that is economically and politically dependent on a…
a plan to keep something, such as communism, within its exist…
building up armies and stores of weapons to keep up with an e…
security policy which holds that if two sides in a political…
satellite state
a country that is economically and politically dependent on a…
policy of containment
a plan to keep something, such as communism, within its exist…
45 terms
AMSCO AP US History Chapter 12
manifest destiny
industrial technology
Elias Howe
Samuel F. B. Morse
The belief that the United States had a divine mission to ext…
After 1840, industrialization spread rapidly throughout most…
The U.S. inventor of the sewing machine, which moved much of…
In 1844, he invented the electric telegraph which allowed com…
manifest destiny
The belief that the United States had a divine mission to ext…
industrial technology
After 1840, industrialization spread rapidly throughout most…
57 terms
History Chapter 12 Georgia Highlands
Romanticism
Nationalism
Romanticism in American Painting
Walt Whitman
19th-century western European artistic and literary movement;…
A sense of unity binding the people of a state together; devo…
The Hudson River School; a movement in the arts and literatur…
American poet and transcendentalist who was famous for his be…
Romanticism
19th-century western European artistic and literary movement;…
Nationalism
A sense of unity binding the people of a state together; devo…
75 terms
Chapter 12 History
What does Renaissance mean?
Many people who lived in Italy between…
Who created the modern concept of Rena…
What book did Jacob Burckhardt write?
Rebirth
Greco-Roman civilization
Jacob Burckhardt
The Civilization of the Renaissance
What does Renaissance mean?
Rebirth
Many people who lived in Italy between…
Greco-Roman civilization
21 terms
History: Chapter 12
______ is the act of refusing to use,…
_____ means to lie under oath.
A _______ is a group of people who sha…
_________ is the amount of money that…
boycott
perjury
political party
National Debt
______ is the act of refusing to use,…
boycott
_____ means to lie under oath.
perjury
27 terms
Nate - Chapter 12 History Review
Andrew Jackson
Tom Thumb
Seneca Falls Convention
Who ruled Florida?
..., The seventh President of the United States (1829-1837),…
a small but powerful locomotive built by Peter Cooper in 1830…
(1848) the first national women's rights convention at which…
Spain ruled it along with a vast region from Texas to Califor…
Andrew Jackson
..., The seventh President of the United States (1829-1837),…
Tom Thumb
a small but powerful locomotive built by Peter Cooper in 1830…
11 terms
History Alive ! Medieval History Chapter 12- Ghana
Ghana
matrilineal
trans-Saharan trade
What is Silent Bartering?
West African state that supplied the majority of the world's…
tracing ancestry through mother's line rather than father's
exchange of goods across the Sahara Desert
In silent bartering, first the muslim trader puts his goods b…
Ghana
West African state that supplied the majority of the world's…
matrilineal
tracing ancestry through mother's line rather than father's
17 terms
History vocabulary chapter 12
Incas
Andes
Cuzco
Census
People of a powerful South American empire during the 1400s a…
A mountain chain of western south america
The Capitol city of the of the Incan empire located in presen…
An official count of people in a certain place at certain time
Incas
People of a powerful South American empire during the 1400s a…
Andes
A mountain chain of western south america
40 terms
History - Chapter 12
archbishops and bishops
religious and political authority
Risorgimento
Napoleon's
Who were the First Estate's members?
The French revolution was against
What was a nationalistic movement in Italy?
European forces defeated ________________ army at Leipzig, Ge…
archbishops and bishops
Who were the First Estate's members?
religious and political authority
The French revolution was against
29 terms
10th U.S. History Chapter 12 Flashcard Terms
War of 1812
Battle of New Orleans
Congress of Vienna
Treaty of Ghent
(1812-1815): Fought between Britain and the United States ove…
(January 1815): Resounding victory of American forces against…
(1814-1815): Convention of major European powers to redraw th…
(1815): Ended the War of 1812 in a virtual draw, restoring pr…
War of 1812
(1812-1815): Fought between Britain and the United States ove…
Battle of New Orleans
(January 1815): Resounding victory of American forces against…
31 terms
History Chapter 12
Voltaire
First Estate
Second Estate
wrote volumes of literature to describe and endorse Enlighten…
included the clergy; made up 10% of the country
included nobles and aristocrats who owned or controlled about…
Voltaire
wrote volumes of literature to describe and endorse Enlighten…
First Estate
included the clergy; made up 10% of the country
45 terms
AMSCO AP US History Chapter 12
manifest destiny
industrial technology
Elias Howe
Samuel F. B. Morse
The belief that the United States had a divine mission to ext…
After 1840, industrialization spread rapidly throughout most…
The U.S. inventor of the sewing machine, which moved much of…
In 1844, he invented the electric telegraph which allowed com…
manifest destiny
The belief that the United States had a divine mission to ext…
industrial technology
After 1840, industrialization spread rapidly throughout most…
16 terms
chapter 12 history vocab
Interdepended
Sectionalism
Tariff
Sovereign
dependent on one another for various needs
placing sectional interest above nation ones
a tax that one country places on goods imported
subject to no high power except for powers specifically grant…
Interdepended
dependent on one another for various needs
Sectionalism
placing sectional interest above nation ones
13 terms
History chapter 12
gladiator
colosseum
martyrs
catacombs
armed men
outdoor arena
Christians willing to give up their lives
underground cemeteries
gladiator
armed men
colosseum
outdoor arena
25 terms
American History Chapter 12 Key Terms and People
Industrial Revolution
Textiles
Richard Arkwright
Samuel Slater
A period of rapid growth in the use of machinery to make goods.
cloth items
1767 Englishman invented a large spinning machine called the…
Skilled British mechanic, immigrated to U.S. after carefully…
Industrial Revolution
A period of rapid growth in the use of machinery to make goods.
Textiles
cloth items
25 terms
chapter 12 history
Oasis
Caravan
Muhammad
Islam
A wet, fertile area in a desert
A group of traders that travel together
Brought a new religion to arabia called islam
The messages Muham-mad believed he received form the basis of…
Oasis
A wet, fertile area in a desert
Caravan
A group of traders that travel together
29 terms
U.S. History Chapter 12 Vocab
Polio
Gold Standard
Bank Holiday
Fireside Chats
Highly infectious disease that causes inflammation of the ner…
A monetary system in which paper money and coins are equal to…
in an attempt to restore trust in the nation's banks, FDR clo…
During the depression years of the 1930s, President Roosevelt…
Polio
Highly infectious disease that causes inflammation of the ner…
Gold Standard
A monetary system in which paper money and coins are equal to…
20 terms
Oklahoma history Chapter 12
Peyote
Indian prophet Wovoka
Second trail of Tears
Buffalo Soldiers
Substance that when chewed or drunk in tea, produces a feelin…
He said if Indians could dance and pray properly they would o…
The forced migration of 15,000 western and southern plains In…
Provided 2 decades of service to the United States cavalry. T…
Peyote
Substance that when chewed or drunk in tea, produces a feelin…
Indian prophet Wovoka
He said if Indians could dance and pray properly they would o…
37 terms
American History - Chapter 12
Reforms
2nd Great Awakening
Revivals
Temperance Movement
Age of Jackson was encouraging them; Most states dropped the…
Religious Movement that believed sin was avoidable and you we…
Held in open fields and were gatherings of religious preaching
Movement to limit alcohol; Reforms didn't not like it, but th…
Reforms
Age of Jackson was encouraging them; Most states dropped the…
2nd Great Awakening
Religious Movement that believed sin was avoidable and you we…
17 terms
Chapter 12 Latin American History
Aqueduct
Campesino
Caudillo
Conquistador
a pipe or channel used to carry water from a distant source t…
a farmer who usually owns a little land
military officers who ruled very strictly
a Spanish conqueror of Mexico, Peru, or other part of Latin A…
Aqueduct
a pipe or channel used to carry water from a distant source t…
Campesino
a farmer who usually owns a little land
12 terms
History Chapter 12
Clermont
Morse Code
Trade Unions
Interchangeable Parts
First full-sized commercial steamboat in the United States
Communication system used that was made up of different combi…
Groups that tried to improve pay and working conditions
Parts of a machine that were identical
Clermont
First full-sized commercial steamboat in the United States
Morse Code
Communication system used that was made up of different combi…
23 terms
History Chapter 12
strait
tundra
permafrost
taiga
a narrow waterway connecting two larger bodies of water
a vast, treeless plain in the northern parts of Asia, Europe,…
permanently frozen earth a few feet below ground level
forests that stretch along the Arctic Ocean from the Baltic S…
strait
a narrow waterway connecting two larger bodies of water
tundra
a vast, treeless plain in the northern parts of Asia, Europe,…
30 terms
History Chapter 12
Marcus Garvey
Alvin York
Woodrow Wilson
Trench Warfare
Promoted the idea of universal black nationalism and organize…
killed 25 machine-gunners and captured 132 German soldiers wh…
(1856-1924) President of the United States (1913-1921) and th…
Fighting with trenches, mines, and barbed wire. Horrible livi…
Marcus Garvey
Promoted the idea of universal black nationalism and organize…
Alvin York
killed 25 machine-gunners and captured 132 German soldiers wh…
63 terms
Abeka History 5, Chapter 12
The Apostle Paul
Emperor Nero
Gladiators
Colosseum
The first great missionary of the Christian Church
The fifth emperor of the Roman Empire. Made it a crime to be…
One of Rome's favorite sports that involved fighting and kill…
A huge outdoor arena
The Apostle Paul
The first great missionary of the Christian Church
Emperor Nero
The fifth emperor of the Roman Empire. Made it a crime to be…
10 terms
Chapter 12 History
Samuel Adams
Thomas Paine
Patrick Henry
Common Sense
Born in Boston... could write well, and think well, but really w…
The great writer - "magician with words" COMMON SENSE - persu…
Was a great speaker - compared to a famous Greek Orator who s…
Pamphlet written by Thomas Paine... Outlined three important rea…
Samuel Adams
Born in Boston... could write well, and think well, but really w…
Thomas Paine
The great writer - "magician with words" COMMON SENSE - persu…
22 terms
Chapter 12- The History of Life
relative dating
radiometric dating
isotopes
half-life
estimates the time during which an organism lived by comparin…
a technique that uses the natural decay rate of unstable isot…
atoms of an element that have the same number of protons but…
the amount of time it takes for half of the isotope in a samp…
relative dating
estimates the time during which an organism lived by comparin…
radiometric dating
a technique that uses the natural decay rate of unstable isot…
20 terms
American history I - Chapter 12
reconstruction
Radical Republicans
Thaddeus Stevens
Freedmen's Bureau
the period after the Civil War from 1865-1877 in the United S…
After the Civil War, a group that believed the South should b…
A Radical Republican who believed in harsh punishments for th…
1865 - Agency set up to aid former slaves in adjusting themse…
reconstruction
the period after the Civil War from 1865-1877 in the United S…
Radical Republicans
After the Civil War, a group that believed the South should b…
40 terms
Chapter 12 - US History
FDR
public works
fireside chats
Eleanor Roosevelt
32nd President of the United States
structures (such as highways or schools or bridges or docks)…
informal talks given by FDR over the radio; sat by White Hous…
FDR's Wife and New Deal supporter. Was a great supporter of c…
FDR
32nd President of the United States
public works
structures (such as highways or schools or bridges or docks)…
15 terms
Chapter 12 History
Republican Party
Thaddeus Stevens
Confederacy
Emancipation Proclamation
One of the two largest parties in the U.S.
a member of the United States House of Representatives from P…
alliance of 11 southern states that sought to secede from the…
order made by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln in 1863 that fre…
Republican Party
One of the two largest parties in the U.S.
Thaddeus Stevens
a member of the United States House of Representatives from P…
28 terms
history chapter 12
life expectancy
Mary Bethune
pledge of allegiance
Dwight L. Moody
number of years that a group of people can be expected to liv…
first black woman to head a federal agency
published by Francis Bellamy in 1892
great revivalist
life expectancy
number of years that a group of people can be expected to liv…
Mary Bethune
first black woman to head a federal agency
35 terms
AMERICAN HISTORY - Chapter 12
telegraph
American-Asian trade
child labor
slavery in the South
invented by Samuel F. B. Morse; major function was to coordin…
American ships that traded with Asia helped U.S. claim Pacifi…
very common in early American factories
most Southerners did not own slaves in the 1800's; promoted b…
telegraph
invented by Samuel F. B. Morse; major function was to coordin…
American-Asian trade
American ships that traded with Asia helped U.S. claim Pacifi…
23 terms
US HISTORY Chapter 12
Militarism
Kaiser
Plebiscite
Emancipation
Reliance on military strength
German for "caesar," the title of emperors of the Second Germ…
A popular vote
The act of setting free
Militarism
Reliance on military strength
Kaiser
German for "caesar," the title of emperors of the Second Germ…
16 terms
History Chapter 12
Who wrote the national anthem?
Who was President during the Mexican W…
In which battle did he Texans defeat S…
Over 180 brave men died fighting for T…
Francis Scott Key
James K Polk
San Jacinto
the Alamo
Who wrote the national anthem?
Francis Scott Key
Who was President during the Mexican W…
James K Polk
16 terms
World History Chapter 12
apprentice
fallow
guild
harness
people who learn a trade under a master... such as a squire or…
land not used for farming during a season... resting, or not in…
a medieval organization formed to protect the interests of wo…
leather straps that fasten a horse to a plow, cart, or wagon
apprentice
people who learn a trade under a master... such as a squire or…
fallow
land not used for farming during a season... resting, or not in…
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