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Study sets matching "history french revolution enlightenment"

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Study sets matching "history french revolution enlightenment"

9 terms
History-Enlightenment French Revolution
Tennis Court Oath:
Great Fear:
Civil Constitution of the Clergy:
Declaration of Pillnitz:
Swore that they would continue meeting until they had a new c…
Rumors spread from village to village that foreign troops wer…
Church was formally brought under the control of the state. B…
The Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II and Frederick Will…
Tennis Court Oath:
Swore that they would continue meeting until they had a new c…
Great Fear:
Rumors spread from village to village that foreign troops wer…
9 terms
History: Enlightenment to French Revolution
Haitian Revolution
Voltaire
John Locke
Jean Jacques Rousseau
A revolution where Haitian people were inspired by the Enligh…
A French philosopher who wrote Candide. He believed in a soci…
An English philosopher who wrote Two Treatises of Government.…
A French philosopher who wrote The Social Contract. He believ…
Haitian Revolution
A revolution where Haitian people were inspired by the Enligh…
Voltaire
A French philosopher who wrote Candide. He believed in a soci…
55 terms
Enlightenment & French Revolution -History
absolutism
divine right
absolute monarch
constitutional monarch
ultimate ruler
kings and queens have a God-given right to rule and that rebe…
supreme control of military, no parliaments or congress to li…
a legal document called a constitution holds the highest lega…
absolutism
ultimate ruler
divine right
kings and queens have a God-given right to rule and that rebe…
8 terms
History- Enlightenment and French Revolution
Core beliefs of the enlightenment
change in France
events that led to the storming of Bas…
Dennis Diderot
-people should form their own opinions not because of the chu…
past: people followed the church Enlightenment: people doubte…
-2, 3 estate were frustrated bc they couldn't write the const…
-religion taught in church not school... -gov should protest peo…
Core beliefs of the enlightenment
-people should form their own opinions not because of the chu…
change in France
past: people followed the church Enlightenment: people doubte…
72 terms
History: Enlightenment- French Revolution
what were ideals of reason in the enli…
what did Thomas Hobbes do, what did he…
what does the social contract say
what did John Locke teach
scientific revolution, the lack of reason and logic in the go…
grew up during the English civil war and began to question th…
that an absolute monarch is best
the natural rights
what were ideals of reason in the enli…
scientific revolution, the lack of reason and logic in the go…
what did Thomas Hobbes do, what did he…
grew up during the English civil war and began to question th…
30 terms
History:The Enlightenment to the French Revolution
This period of enlightenment was 1715-…
The Scientific Revolution of 1500s and…
What are natural laws?
What is a social contract?
France and America
Human Reasoning
Laws that govern human nature
People gave up their freedom for an organized government to a…
This period of enlightenment was 1715-…
France and America
The Scientific Revolution of 1500s and…
Human Reasoning
20 terms
History - Enlightenment and French Revolution
What was Louis's the 14th nickname and…
what was the system of intendents?
Why did France fight the American revo…
What were the 5 basic concepts of phil…
the sun king ... because his future is so bright
people who collected taxes, admins for justice, and spied for…
They fought the American Revolution because they wanted a win…
1. Reason - truth with logical thinking... 2. Nature - naturally…
What was Louis's the 14th nickname and…
the sun king ... because his future is so bright
what was the system of intendents?
people who collected taxes, admins for justice, and spied for…
43 terms
Enlightenment and French Revolution (History H)
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
Voltaire
Baron de Montesquieu
thought that absolute monarchy was best form of government, w…
thought that constitutional government was best form of gover…
Free speech, religious tolerance
3 branches of gov. -> separation of power
Thomas Hobbes
thought that absolute monarchy was best form of government, w…
John Locke
thought that constitutional government was best form of gover…
37 terms
History - The Enlightenment and the French Revolution
What are the 3 Estates?
Who was the Clergy?
Nobility?
Everyone Else?
Clergy, Nobility, and Everyone else
faith and the church
protection
production of food and goods, most of the population
What are the 3 Estates?
Clergy, Nobility, and Everyone else
Who was the Clergy?
faith and the church
28 terms
History Enlightenment and French Revolution Terms
Philosphes
Immanuel Kant
Voltaire
Denis Diderot
Intectuals in the 18th century who advocated for many changes
enlightenment thinker... what is enlightenment
enlightenment thinker... Tolarance and reason
enlightenment thinker... Denounced the ruling of King Louis XVI
Philosphes
Intectuals in the 18th century who advocated for many changes
Immanuel Kant
enlightenment thinker... what is enlightenment
28 terms
History test - Enlightenment and French Revolution
how did the Enlightenment originate
Traits of the enlightenment
Rene Descartes
French Revolution social causes
ultimately stems from Aristotle (used logical reasoning for h…
centered mostly in Paris and London ... RATIONALISM: truth arriv…
1596-1650 ... Father of Modern Philosophy - much of subsequent W…
Rise of enlightenment ideas - especilly among Bourgeoisie ... -A…
how did the Enlightenment originate
ultimately stems from Aristotle (used logical reasoning for h…
Traits of the enlightenment
centered mostly in Paris and London ... RATIONALISM: truth arriv…
31 terms
History Vocab - Enlightenment and French Revolution
Abdicate
Bourgeoise
Enlightened despot
Legitimacy
To give up or step down from power.
The middle class
Absolute ruler who used his or her power to bring about polit…
Principle by which monarchies that had been unseated by the F…
Abdicate
To give up or step down from power.
Bourgeoise
The middle class
52 terms
World History: Enlightenment/French Revolution
The Age of Enlightenment
How Enlightenment ideas spread
Location of the Age of Enlightenment
Rationalism
Intellectual Movement in which people believed that reason an…
-literature (books, plays, newspapers)... -salons
Europe, especially in England and France
Belief that truth can be determined by logical thinking.
The Age of Enlightenment
Intellectual Movement in which people believed that reason an…
How Enlightenment ideas spread
-literature (books, plays, newspapers)... -salons
216 terms
World History Enlightenment and French Revolution
Aristotle
Ptomlemy
copernicus
Brahe
came up with the idea that earth is at the center of the univ…
expanded on Aristotle's ideas (geocentric) (old view)
came up with idea sun at center of universe, thought planets…
king Frederick II gave him $ to build 2 observatories, and wi…
Aristotle
came up with the idea that earth is at the center of the univ…
Ptomlemy
expanded on Aristotle's ideas (geocentric) (old view)
16 terms
World History French Revolution and Enlightenment
Coup d'etat
Continental system
Plebiscite
Guillotine
a forced transfer of power
Napoleon's plan for cutting off trade to enemy countries
a question put before all voters
execution device that dropped a heavy blade through the victi…
Coup d'etat
a forced transfer of power
Continental system
Napoleon's plan for cutting off trade to enemy countries
23 terms
World History-Enlightenment and French Revolution
Age of Enlightenment
French Revolution
Estates
Reign of Terror
Mid 17th-18th cenruty; "Age of Reason"; Period of. Scientists…
Turning point in European history; French citizens influenced…
Part of the old regime in France. They were societal classes…
10-month period where suspected enemies of the Revolution wer…
Age of Enlightenment
Mid 17th-18th cenruty; "Age of Reason"; Period of. Scientists…
French Revolution
Turning point in European history; French citizens influenced…
52 terms
World History: Enlightenment/French Revolution
The Age of Enlightenment
How Enlightenment ideas spread
Location of the Age of Enlightenment
Rationalism
Intellectual Movement in which people believed that reason an…
-literature (books, plays, newspapers)... -salons
Europe, especially in England and France
Belief that truth can be determined by logical thinking.
The Age of Enlightenment
Intellectual Movement in which people believed that reason an…
How Enlightenment ideas spread
-literature (books, plays, newspapers)... -salons
49 terms
History: French Revolution and Enlightenment COK
Why did Louis XVI call the meeting of…
What form of government did the Nation…
Economist Adam Smith argued that, in a…
Conservatives who supported the king:
He needed to tax the first and second estate to help relieve…
A constitutional monarchy
Supply and demand
Feuillants
Why did Louis XVI call the meeting of…
He needed to tax the first and second estate to help relieve…
What form of government did the Nation…
A constitutional monarchy
61 terms
Rustin History- Enlightenment & French Revolution
logic and reason
logic and reason
logic and reason
salons
the basis of all ideas
______ and ______ are connected to humanism because as humans…
______ and ______ are connected to the scientific revolution…
where people such as philosophers, artists, scientists, and w…
logic and reason
the basis of all ideas
logic and reason
______ and ______ are connected to humanism because as humans…
20 terms
History Vocab/enlightenment and French Revolution
Geocentric
Heliocentric
Rationalism
Scientific method
Earth-centered, a system of planetary motion in which the sun…
Sun-centered, the system of the universe in which the earth a…
A system of thought expounded by Rene Descartes based on the…
A systematic procedure for collecting and analyzing evidence…
Geocentric
Earth-centered, a system of planetary motion in which the sun…
Heliocentric
Sun-centered, the system of the universe in which the earth a…
History: Enlightenment Questions and French Revolution
What did Enlightenment thinkers want t…
Why were some enlightened thought cens…
What type of music is associated with…
What was the biggest problem for the e…
Natural Law
people felt they had a sacred order to defend the old order
Mozart (Classical), opera and ballets
they wanted to use the enlightenment but still maintain power
What did Enlightenment thinkers want t…
Natural Law
Why were some enlightened thought cens…
people felt they had a sacred order to defend the old order
15 terms
History-- Enlightenment, French Revolution, & Napoleon
Adam Smith
John Locke
Montesquieu
Hobbes
**Free market should run economy with little gov't interventi…
**Social Contract: Natural rights can't be taken away/given u…
**No absolute monarchy... **Checks and balances in gov't -> legi…
**Absolute Monarchy... **No one can revolt against King... **religi…
Adam Smith
**Free market should run economy with little gov't interventi…
John Locke
**Social Contract: Natural rights can't be taken away/given u…
52 terms
World History: Enlightenment/French Revolution
The Age of Enlightenment
How Enlightenment ideas spread
Location of the Age of Enlightenment
Rationalism
Intellectual Movement in which people believed that reason an…
-literature (books, plays, newspapers)... -salons
Europe, especially in England and France
Belief that truth can be determined by logical thinking.
The Age of Enlightenment
Intellectual Movement in which people believed that reason an…
How Enlightenment ideas spread
-literature (books, plays, newspapers)... -salons
31 terms
***history: enlightenment and French Revolution vocab.
abdicate
ancien regime
annex
baroque
to give up or step down from power
old order; system of government in pre revolution france
add a territory to an existing state or country
ornate style of art and architecture popular in the 16 and 17…
abdicate
to give up or step down from power
ancien regime
old order; system of government in pre revolution france
43 terms
Enlightenment and French Revolution (History H)
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
Voltaire
Baron de Montesquieu
thought that absolute monarchy was best form of government, w…
thought that constitutional government was best form of gover…
Free speech, religious tolerance
3 branches of gov. -> separation of power
Thomas Hobbes
thought that absolute monarchy was best form of government, w…
John Locke
thought that constitutional government was best form of gover…
16 terms
World History French Revolution and Enlightenment
Coup d'etat
Continental system
Plebiscite
Guillotine
a forced transfer of power
Napoleon's plan for cutting off trade to enemy countries
a question put before all voters
execution device that dropped a heavy blade through the victi…
Coup d'etat
a forced transfer of power
Continental system
Napoleon's plan for cutting off trade to enemy countries
43 terms
Enlightenment and French Revolution (History H)
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
Voltaire
Baron de Montesquieu
absolute monarchy - best form of government... -humans are selfish
constitutional government was best form of government... -natura…
Free speech, religious tolerance
3 branches of gov. -> separation of power
Thomas Hobbes
absolute monarchy - best form of government... -humans are selfish
John Locke
constitutional government was best form of government... -natura…
65 terms
world history enlightenment and french revolution
natural law
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
social contract
rules discover-able by reason
seventh century thinker who wrote Leviathan
seventh century thinker who wrote two treaties of government
Hobbes proposal for an organized society in which people ente…
natural law
rules discover-able by reason
Thomas Hobbes
seventh century thinker who wrote Leviathan
29 terms
History 9- Enlightenment and the French Revolution
3 Characteristics of the Enlightenment
How did the Enlightenment differ from…
What legacy did the Enlightenment leav…
What groups were ready for change
1. used methods of science to understand and improve society…
-Absolutism= king had complete control... -enlightenment = peopl…
1. belief in progress... 2. more secular outlook... 3. importance o…
3rd estate= wanted enlightenment reform
3 Characteristics of the Enlightenment
1. used methods of science to understand and improve society…
How did the Enlightenment differ from…
-Absolutism= king had complete control... -enlightenment = peopl…
127 terms
History Notes- The Enlightenment & French Revolution
Philosophy
Pre-Modern philosophy --... What is the t…
Pre- Modern philosophy --... What is the…
Pre- Modern philosophy -... What is a hum…
Study of knowledge, reality, and existence
The world is dangerous and unknowable
The world is uncertain, capricious, and dangerous
A part of a grand system (cog in wheel)
Philosophy
Study of knowledge, reality, and existence
Pre-Modern philosophy --... What is the t…
The world is dangerous and unknowable
130 terms
History Notes- The Enlightenment & French Revolution
Philosophy
Pre-Modern philosophy --... What is the t…
Pre- Modern philosophy --... What is the…
Pre- Modern philosophy -... What is a hum…
Study of knowledge, reality, and existence
The world is dangerous and unknowable
The world is uncertain, capricious, and dangerous
A part of a grand system (cog in wheel)
Philosophy
Study of knowledge, reality, and existence
Pre-Modern philosophy --... What is the t…
The world is dangerous and unknowable
32 terms
History Final Enlightenment and French Revolution
Locke (E)
Hobbes (E)
Voltaire (E)
Rousseau (E)
English philosopher / pre-Enlightenment (but considered part…
English philosopher / pre-Enlightenment (but considered part…
French philosopher of the Enlightenment (philosophe) / Somewh…
French philosophe (Enlightenment)/ believed people were natur…
Locke (E)
English philosopher / pre-Enlightenment (but considered part…
Hobbes (E)
English philosopher / pre-Enlightenment (but considered part…
38 terms
History Test- enlightenment and french revolution
what was a salon
what did Thomas Hobbes write
what did thomas hobbes say
what did jean jacques rousseau write
social gathering where people get together and discuss philos…
leviathan
government is needed to impose order- protect you from others…
the social contract
what was a salon
social gathering where people get together and discuss philos…
what did Thomas Hobbes write
leviathan
20 terms
World History: Enlightenment and French Revolution
Absolute Monarchy
The Enlightenment
Characteristics of the Three Estates
Marie Antoinette
A system in which a king or queen has complete power.c
A new intellectual movement that stressed reason and thought…
The Middle Class (1st)... The Worker Class (2nd)... The Peasant Cla…
The former queen of France who lived a very luxurious life wh…
Absolute Monarchy
A system in which a king or queen has complete power.c
The Enlightenment
A new intellectual movement that stressed reason and thought…
23 terms
history midterm - enlightenment and French revolution
Montesquieu believed that
who did the Enlightenment have little…
Robespierre tried to __________ during…
Thinkers during the Age of Reason chal…
the purpose of the separation of powers was to protect the li…
European peasants
crush all opposition to the revolution
established social order by calling for a just society based…
Montesquieu believed that
the purpose of the separation of powers was to protect the li…
who did the Enlightenment have little…
European peasants
95 terms
History Notes- The Enlightenment & French Revolution
Philosophy
Pre-Modern philosophy --... What is the t…
Pre- Modern philosophy --... What is the…
Pre- Modern philosophy -... What is a hum…
Study of knowledge, reality, and existence
The world is dangerous and unknowable
The world is uncertain, capricious, and dangerous
A part of a grand system (cog in wheel)
Philosophy
Study of knowledge, reality, and existence
Pre-Modern philosophy --... What is the t…
The world is dangerous and unknowable
73 terms
Enlightenment and French Revolution
natural law
Thomas Hobbes
John Locke
social contract
rules discoverable by reason
believed that the government exists to control people Leviath…
believed that the government should exist to protect an indiv…
an agreement by which they gave up their freedom for an organ…
natural law
rules discoverable by reason
Thomas Hobbes
believed that the government exists to control people Leviath…
47 terms
World History Enlightenment and French Revolution
Who was a composer that lived in Germa…
Who was a composer that lived in Austr…
`Who was a composer that lived in Germ…
Who was an Astrologist that lived in I…
Johann Sebastian Bach
Wolfgang Mozart
Ludwig von Beethoven
Galileo Galilei
Who was a composer that lived in Germa…
Johann Sebastian Bach
Who was a composer that lived in Austr…
Wolfgang Mozart
44 terms
Global History Enlightenment/ French Revolution/ Spanish Revolution.
Enlightenment
John Locke
Jean Jacque Rousseau
Thomas Hobbes
A popular philosophical movement of the 1700s that focused on…
17th century English philosopher who opposed the Divine Right…
A radical Enlightenment thinker who published The Social Cont…
English materialist and political philosopher who advocated a…
Enlightenment
A popular philosophical movement of the 1700s that focused on…
John Locke
17th century English philosopher who opposed the Divine Right…
30 terms
History Enlightenment Thinkers, American Revolution, French Revolution
which enlightenment thinkers explicite…
enlightenment thinkers
Montesquieu
Locke
Roussseau, hobbes, and Locke
Montesquieu, Locke, Rousseau, Wollstonecraft, Hobbes
seperate branches of government, balance of power, executive-…
protect natural rights(life, liberty, property), no longer fo…
which enlightenment thinkers explicite…
Roussseau, hobbes, and Locke
enlightenment thinkers
Montesquieu, Locke, Rousseau, Wollstonecraft, Hobbes
71 terms
History Test:Scientific Revolution+enlightenment+French revolution
Scientific revolution
Enlightenment
Describe the steps in the scientific m…
Who were the two most important schola…
Transformation in European thought and the 1500s+1600s called…
Expanded by pamphlets and normal questions. Time. Where they…
1) question... 2) research... 3) hypothesis... 4) procedure/method
René Descartes & Francis Bacon
Scientific revolution
Transformation in European thought and the 1500s+1600s called…
Enlightenment
Expanded by pamphlets and normal questions. Time. Where they…
52 terms
French Revolution, Scientific Revolution & Enlightenment
ancien regime
Estates
bourgeoisie
Louis XVI
Political and social system in France before the Revolution o…
France's traditional national assembly with representatives o…
In early modern Europe, the class of well-off town dwellers w…
King of France (1774-1792). In 1789 he summoned the Estates-G…
ancien regime
Political and social system in France before the Revolution o…
Estates
France's traditional national assembly with representatives o…
37 terms
World History Enlightenment & French Revolution Test Review
Robespierre
Napoleonic Code
Guillotine
Bourgeoisie
One of the main leaders in the Reign of Terror.
Group of laws that reflect Enlightenment principles.
Method of carrying out executions during the Reign of Terror.
French Middle Class
Robespierre
One of the main leaders in the Reign of Terror.
Napoleonic Code
Group of laws that reflect Enlightenment principles.
66 terms
World History 2: Enlightenment & French Revolution
Enlightenment
Isaac Newton
John Locke
philosophe
"Age of Reason"... philosophy movement of intellects who were im…
discovered natural laws that governed the physical world... (hum…
said we were all born with TABULA RASA (blank mind) and inali…
french philosophers/intellects of the Enlightenment... used reas…
Enlightenment
"Age of Reason"... philosophy movement of intellects who were im…
Isaac Newton
discovered natural laws that governed the physical world... (hum…
20 terms
Enlightenment & French Revolution Quiz
Estates General
Radical
Guillotine
Storming of the Bastille
France's traditional parliament with representatives of the t…
A person with extreme views, often seen as revolutionary.
A machine for beheading people, used as a means of execution…
July 14, 1789: When a mob attacked the Bastille, a fortress w…
Estates General
France's traditional parliament with representatives of the t…
Radical
A person with extreme views, often seen as revolutionary.
19 terms
Scientific Revolution, Enlightenment, French Revolution
Geocentric system; earth is center of…
Heliocentric system; sun is center of…
Telescope; mountains on moon, four moo…
Every person was born with a tabula ra…
Ptolemy
Nicolaus Copernicus
Galileo Galilei
John Locke
Geocentric system; earth is center of…
Ptolemy
Heliocentric system; sun is center of…
Nicolaus Copernicus
72 terms
Enlightenment and French Revolution - Mr. Dupuis History Honors
Scientific Revolution
What were the outcomes of the Scientif…
the Enlightenment
Nicholas Copernicus
After the Renaissance, scientists started to question the wor…
the Scientific Method and the Enlightenment
the 18th century philosophical movement based off of the disc…
had a heliocentric theory which said that the sun was the cen…
Scientific Revolution
After the Renaissance, scientists started to question the wor…
What were the outcomes of the Scientif…
the Scientific Method and the Enlightenment
49 terms
Modern European History - Enlightenment and French Revolution
1st Estate
2nd Estate
3rd Estate
Abolition of the Feudal System
-the catholic church clergymen who don't pay taxes, only 5% o…
-Nobles, 5% of society, don't pay most taxes, own 1/3 and, 1/…
-commoners, 90% society, own 1/3 land, 1/3 wealth, pay ALL ta…
-1st action by National Assembly, nobles lose power, peasants…
1st Estate
-the catholic church clergymen who don't pay taxes, only 5% o…
2nd Estate
-Nobles, 5% of society, don't pay most taxes, own 1/3 and, 1/…
24 terms
World history section 5 enlightenment / French Revolution
Catherine the Great
How did the Enlightenment threaten Eur…
John Locke
Thomas Hobbes
An enlightened monarch of Russia , followed the Enlightenment…
Because it challenges the theory of the Divine Right, and now…
Believe that all of us have three basic rights of life libert…
Believe people needed to be controlled, absolute monarchy is…
Catherine the Great
An enlightened monarch of Russia , followed the Enlightenment…
How did the Enlightenment threaten Eur…
Because it challenges the theory of the Divine Right, and now…
21 terms
History- Absolutism/ Enlightenment/ French Revolution Test {Terms}
Divine Right
Petition of Right
Habeas Corpus
Cavaliers
The right to rule comes directly from god
Not to collect loans or levy taxes without consent of parliment
Must be accused of a crime by judge
Another words for a kings
Divine Right
The right to rule comes directly from god
Petition of Right
Not to collect loans or levy taxes without consent of parliment
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