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Study sets matching "history of ethics"

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Study sets matching "history of ethics"

31 terms
History of Ethics
Who is the greek god of medicine
Arete
Did hippocrates write everything credi…
What helped the hippocratic oath becom…
Asklepios, and he only has a single snake
excellence, being the best you can be
no, but he probably was a real man
it merged with christian belief
Who is the greek god of medicine
Asklepios, and he only has a single snake
Arete
excellence, being the best you can be
23 terms
History and Ethics
Carl W. Scheele
Valentin Ross
Mathieu Orfilla
Alphonse Bertillon
Swedish chemist, devised the testing for detecting arsenic in…
German chemist, discovered the precise method of detecting sm…
Father of Forensic Toxicology
French anthropologist, introduced the Bertillon System
Carl W. Scheele
Swedish chemist, devised the testing for detecting arsenic in…
Valentin Ross
German chemist, discovered the precise method of detecting sm…
26 terms
History and Ethics
Asclepius
Caduceus
Prehistory
Hippocrates
A single rod with a single serpent, representing medicine
A single rod with two serpents and a set of wings. Adopted as…
Average life expectancy: 20 years... Included the Egyptians, Bab…
"Father of Modern Medicine" separated medicine from superstit…
Asclepius
A single rod with a single serpent, representing medicine
Caduceus
A single rod with two serpents and a set of wings. Adopted as…
38 terms
History of Ethics
Eudaimonia
Doctrine of the Mean
Virtue
Social Justice
Translated as "happiness", it is the ultimate good, what one…
All virtues are beset on both sides by vices that are defined…
A character trait associated with good or right action. Actio…
How individuals or groups of individuals ought to treat each…
Eudaimonia
Translated as "happiness", it is the ultimate good, what one…
Doctrine of the Mean
All virtues are beset on both sides by vices that are defined…
33 terms
History & Ethics
ethics
muckrakers
libel
stamp act
a system of moral principles
journalists who who exposed political wrongdoings and corrupt…
written defamation; damaging false statements against another…
required the use of stamps and stamped paper for official doc…
ethics
a system of moral principles
muckrakers
journalists who who exposed political wrongdoings and corrupt…
19 terms
History of Medical ethics
Hippocratic Oath: Oath of Initiation S…
Hippocratic Oath Code Characteristics…
Hippocratic Code special prohibitions
Hippocratic Oath core principle
Swearing by Gods & Goddesses... Pledge loyalty to One's teacher…
Dietetics... Pharm... Surgery
surgery... deadly drugs... abortion
Apply dietetic regimen for benefit of sick according to abili…
Hippocratic Oath: Oath of Initiation S…
Swearing by Gods & Goddesses... Pledge loyalty to One's teacher…
Hippocratic Oath Code Characteristics…
Dietetics... Pharm... Surgery
19 terms
History and Ethics
Ethics is concerned with
Morality is concerned with
Which of the following can be a challe…
When having a ethical discussions its…
knowledge, the future, order
Beliefs,and actions
fear of judgement
critique the idea not the person
Ethics is concerned with
knowledge, the future, order
Morality is concerned with
Beliefs,and actions
10 terms
Ethics (history)
Absolutism
Relativism
Cultural relativism
Historical Relativism
Some things are always right and some things are always wrong
nothing is always right, nothing is always wrong because diff…
Argues different cultures have different moral codes
What used to be right, may not still be right
Absolutism
Some things are always right and some things are always wrong
Relativism
nothing is always right, nothing is always wrong because diff…
67 terms
history ethics
Abraham Maslow
APA
Applied Psychology
BF Skinner
used humanistic approach to identify behavior as a fulfilment…
Organization created to enhance psychology, offer a place to…
takes the theories and research to assist in the real world l…
another behavioral perspective psychologist who saw behavior…
Abraham Maslow
used humanistic approach to identify behavior as a fulfilment…
APA
Organization created to enhance psychology, offer a place to…
42 terms
History and Ethics
Define the profession of social work
What is the purpose of social work edu…
Why is it important for us to look at…
What is social justice
Social work is a value based profession which often requires…
The purpose of this course is to introduce students to the et…
Historical knowledge = Responsible practice for SSW... Provides…
...
Define the profession of social work
Social work is a value based profession which often requires…
What is the purpose of social work edu…
The purpose of this course is to introduce students to the et…
19 terms
History, Communication, Ethics
Camera Obscura is Latin for what phrase?
James Maxwell
Inventor of the Daguerreotype
Who founded Kodak?
Dark Room
Showed that all color hues derive from three primary colors.
Louis Daguerre
George Eastman
Camera Obscura is Latin for what phrase?
Dark Room
James Maxwell
Showed that all color hues derive from three primary colors.
32 terms
History of Journalism, Laws, and Ethics
Explain the functions and roles of the…
Define absolute privilege and qualifie…
Describe the job responsibilities of a…
Explain how the Supreme Court's decisi…
Mass communications informs its audience; in addition, it per…
Absolute privilege applies to information acquired from court…
Whether managing a radio station or a television station, sta…
School administrators needed a valid constitutional reason to…
Explain the functions and roles of the…
Mass communications informs its audience; in addition, it per…
Define absolute privilege and qualifie…
Absolute privilege applies to information acquired from court…
17 terms
Ethics - History of Radiology
William Gilbert
Robert Boyle
Isaac Newton
Michael Faraday
Electricity and magnetism
Pioneered the "scientific method"
Static generator
Induced an electric current by moving a magnet thru a coil
William Gilbert
Electricity and magnetism
Robert Boyle
Pioneered the "scientific method"
16 terms
History of Medical Ethics
What are the two types of codes in med…
What are the origins of the Hippocrati…
What is in the oath of initation secti…
The hippocractic code divides medicine…
1. Hippocratic... - those following the oath wording... - those inc…
- part of the hippocratic CORPUS (part of a whole body of wri…
- Swearing by the gods and goddesses (not relevant today)... - *…
1. DIETETICS *** most important... 2. Pharmacology... 3. Surgery (l…
What are the two types of codes in med…
1. Hippocratic... - those following the oath wording... - those inc…
What are the origins of the Hippocrati…
- part of the hippocratic CORPUS (part of a whole body of wri…
9 terms
History of Research Ethics
Nuremberg Trial (1946)
Nuremberg Code (1948)
Thalidomide (Late 1950s)
"Kefauver Amendments" (1962)
Criminal proceedings opened against 23 German physicians for…
Established in 1948 as a direct result of the trial, stating…
Approved as a sedative in Europe but not in the U.S. by the F…
Passed into law, as a direct result of the Thalidomide epidem…
Nuremberg Trial (1946)
Criminal proceedings opened against 23 German physicians for…
Nuremberg Code (1948)
Established in 1948 as a direct result of the trial, stating…
26 terms
Ethics- History of Medicine
Hippocrates
Air Humor
Fire Humor
Earth Humor
460-380 BCE; father of medicine, cataloged singes and symptom…
Blood
Yellow Bile
black bile
Hippocrates
460-380 BCE; father of medicine, cataloged singes and symptom…
Air Humor
Blood
12 terms
History of environmental ethics ONLY
Ancient Aboriginals
Ancient Greek philosopher Plato
Traditions of Christianity
Industrial Revolution =
the environment is a source of sacred teachings
"The land is our ancestral home and we must cherish it even m…
"You shall not defile the land in which you live..."
pollution
Ancient Aboriginals
the environment is a source of sacred teachings
Ancient Greek philosopher Plato
"The land is our ancestral home and we must cherish it even m…
123 terms
Ethics: Accounting Profession History
Who published the first accounting res…
The American Institute of Accountants…
The American Institute of Certified Pu…
any independent professional service t…
CAP Committee on Accounting Procedure
American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA)
The American Institute of Accountants
Assurance Service
Who published the first accounting res…
CAP Committee on Accounting Procedure
The American Institute of Accountants…
American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA)
19 terms
History of research ethics
Nuremberg Code history
Nuremberg Code
Kefauver Amendments history
Kefauver Amendments
thousands of concentration camp prisoners were experimented o…
the voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely esse…
thalidomide was prescribed to patients for sleep/nausea probl…
passed into law to ensure drug efficacy and greater drug safety
Nuremberg Code history
thousands of concentration camp prisoners were experimented o…
Nuremberg Code
the voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely esse…
24 terms
history and score of professional/ ethics
mission statement: provide access to t…
basic belief... -the service we provide c…
standard of responsibility: we are obl…
professional code of ethics
code of ethics... establish to give guidelines professional cond…
fundamental principle:... -universality: if one individual judge…
Core values... -autonomy: freedom to make decisions, inform cons…
designed in a rule making format... direct decision making of an…
mission statement: provide access to t…
code of ethics... establish to give guidelines professional cond…
basic belief... -the service we provide c…
fundamental principle:... -universality: if one individual judge…
45 terms
Computer Science History & Ethics
Abacus
Computing
Jacquard
What were punch cards invented for?
First "computing" device, invented by Chinese about 2600 BC.
Calculating
Punch cards
Program looms
Abacus
First "computing" device, invented by Chinese about 2600 BC.
Computing
Calculating
26 terms
History of Biotechnology and Ethics
biotechnology uses
Ancient biotech
classical biotech
modern biotech
using different scientific methods with organisms to produce…
food and shelter, domestication
fermentation, medicines, breeding
genetic engineering
biotechnology uses
using different scientific methods with organisms to produce…
Ancient biotech
food and shelter, domestication
10 terms
Environmental Ethics and History
What happened at the Stockholm Convent…
How did the Industrial Revolution impa…
What is the Kyoto Protocol?
What was the first federal land restor…
it produced a list of 12 chemicals ("dirty dozen") that were…
shift from renewable wood to nonrenewable fuel, increased hab…
international treaty that sets binding obligations on industr…
Tennessee Valley Authority
What happened at the Stockholm Convent…
it produced a list of 12 chemicals ("dirty dozen") that were…
How did the Industrial Revolution impa…
shift from renewable wood to nonrenewable fuel, increased hab…
21 terms
Philosophers and History of Ethics
Socrates
Plato
Aristotle
Democritus
All we do it for the purpose of finding happiness; ignorance…
"Summum Bonum" or absolute good; need virtue ; citizens are t…
Founder of systematic ethics; he separated plant and animal l…
cheerful disposition
Socrates
All we do it for the purpose of finding happiness; ignorance…
Plato
"Summum Bonum" or absolute good; need virtue ; citizens are t…
18 terms
History of Medical Ethics
What are the 2 types of codes?
The Hippocratic Oath divides medicine…
What are the 3 special prohibitions in…
What is the core principle of the Hipp…
-Hippocratic codes... -Non-Hippocratic codes
-Dietetics... -Pharmacology... -Surgery
-Prohibition on surgery... -Prohibition on giving deadly drugs... -…
Apply dietetic regimen for the BENEFIT of the sick according…
What are the 2 types of codes?
-Hippocratic codes... -Non-Hippocratic codes
The Hippocratic Oath divides medicine…
-Dietetics... -Pharmacology... -Surgery
7 terms
Ethics, Natural Sciences and History
TOK Ethics
TOK Ethics 2
TOK Ethics 3
TOK: Fallacies in Thinking
Van deLagemaat... - 'Ethics' and 'Morals' are words that origina…
- Self Interest Theory: Humans are always selfish; Occasional…
- Duty Ethics... Duties and Responsibilities vs Rights.... Immanu…
Michael Shermer... - Science: Touchstone of truth... [Science can s…
TOK Ethics
Van deLagemaat... - 'Ethics' and 'Morals' are words that origina…
TOK Ethics 2
- Self Interest Theory: Humans are always selfish; Occasional…
History of Medical Ethics
What are the 2 types of codes?
The Hippocratic Oath divides medicine…
What are the 3 special prohibitions in…
What is the core principle of the Hipp…
-Hippocratic codes... -Non-Hippocratic codes
-Dietetics... -Pharmacology... -Surgery
-Prohibition on surgery... -Prohibition on giving deadly drugs... -…
Apply dietetic regimen for the BENEFIT of the sick according…
What are the 2 types of codes?
-Hippocratic codes... -Non-Hippocratic codes
The Hippocratic Oath divides medicine…
-Dietetics... -Pharmacology... -Surgery
9 terms
History of Psychology and Ethics
Empiricism
Physiology
Psychophysics
William Wundt
the senses acquire knowledge (1650-1800) Locke & Reid
Speed of the neural impulse. Senses are fallible (cannot be t…
measure relationships between experience of senses and extern…
Focused on introspection and indentifying elements of conscio…
Empiricism
the senses acquire knowledge (1650-1800) Locke & Reid
Physiology
Speed of the neural impulse. Senses are fallible (cannot be t…
49 terms
History Ethics Terms
altar
animism
atonement
atman
a table of worship
everything has a spirit
forgiveness from god
what Hindu's call the soul
altar
a table of worship
animism
everything has a spirit
8 terms
Ethics and history in sport
Ethics
Ethics are NOT!
five sources of ethical standards
The utilitarian approach
standards of behavior that tell us how human beings ought to…
- Ethics is not the same as feelings ... - Ethics is not religio…
1) The utilitarian approach ... 2) The rights approach ... 3) The f…
the ethical action is the one that provides the most good or…
Ethics
standards of behavior that tell us how human beings ought to…
Ethics are NOT!
- Ethics is not the same as feelings ... - Ethics is not religio…
100 terms
History of Dentistry - OUCOD Ethics
First AfAm to receive dental degree, g…
First female AfAm to receive dental de…
____________ received honorary DDS deg…
GV Blacks 2 major contributions:
Dr. Freeman, Harvard
Dr. Rollins, Michigan
GV Black
extension for prevention and standard classification of caries
First AfAm to receive dental degree, g…
Dr. Freeman, Harvard
First female AfAm to receive dental de…
Dr. Rollins, Michigan
15 terms
History, Globalization, and Ethics
Henri Fayol
Frederick Winslow Taylor
Frank and Lillian Moller Gilbreth
Peter Drucker
Fayol was one of the most influential contributors to modern…
Developer of scientific management, which deals with the effi…
Associates of Taylor also interested in standardization of wo…
A prolific management guru and the first scholar to write abo…
Henri Fayol
Fayol was one of the most influential contributors to modern…
Frederick Winslow Taylor
Developer of scientific management, which deals with the effi…
39 terms
Ethics -- History/Professionalism/Scope
What are the earliest roots of the PA…
What is a Feldsher?
What are Barefoot Doctors?
Describe the history of the PA profess…
Russian Feldsher in Russia and Barefoot Doctors in China (180…
Russian military practitioners who later settled in small rur…
A physician substitute originating in 1965; functioned indepe…
1930s: former corpsmen began receiving OTJ training to extend…
What are the earliest roots of the PA…
Russian Feldsher in Russia and Barefoot Doctors in China (180…
What is a Feldsher?
Russian military practitioners who later settled in small rur…
14 terms
History and Ethics Review
Trust in people
commitment to self awareness
Positive outlook
Respect for diversity
client self determination... believing people know whats best fo…
you must know your values, assumptions, and beliefs
positive change is a marathon, not a sprint
must believe that diversity makes society stronger... more than…
Trust in people
client self determination... believing people know whats best fo…
commitment to self awareness
you must know your values, assumptions, and beliefs
11 terms
History - Ethics and Design
Games by NAMCO
Games by Atari
Games by Konami
Games by Nintendo
Pac-Man, Galaga, Ms. Pac-Man, Tekkeb, Dig Dug, Soulcalibur
Pong
Bomberman, Yu-Gi-Oh, DDR, Frogger, Metal Gear, Castlevania, S…
Pokemon, Donkey Kong, Mario, Cruis'n, Legend of Zelda, Star F…
Games by NAMCO
Pac-Man, Galaga, Ms. Pac-Man, Tekkeb, Dig Dug, Soulcalibur
Games by Atari
Pong
18 terms
History & Ethics Vocab
biological (neurobiological / physiolo…
learning / behaviorism and sociolcultu…
cognitive (social cultural) perspective
Plato + Aristotle
genetically hardwired to be a problem solver to ensure surviv…
been trained by past experiences to believe of reward for sol…
You made a conscious decision to participate in activity. Rec…
Greek Plato believed senses can't be trusted because easily d…
biological (neurobiological / physiolo…
genetically hardwired to be a problem solver to ensure surviv…
learning / behaviorism and sociolcultu…
been trained by past experiences to believe of reward for sol…
35 terms
Environmental History, Law, Ethics
17th and 18th cent frontier attitude
audobon
thoreau
marsh
natural resources seemed inexhaustible, widespread destruction
painted nature, 19th cent
naturalist, author, 19th cent
writer, 19th cent
17th and 18th cent frontier attitude
natural resources seemed inexhaustible, widespread destruction
audobon
painted nature, 19th cent
39 terms
History, Globalization and Ethics
Henri Fayol
Frederick Taylor
Specialization/ Division of Labor
Authority/ Responsibility
mining engineer ... Fayol's 14 principles
scientific management ... times studies
narrowing the scope of the workers activities to gain product…
authority to issue commands but are responsible for getting w…
Henri Fayol
mining engineer ... Fayol's 14 principles
Frederick Taylor
scientific management ... times studies
History, Perspectives, and Ethics
Describe the use of mentally impaired…
Hysteria
Jean-Martin Charcot and Pierre Janet,…
G. Stanley Hall, Psychologist
Wundt and Titchener (structuralists) dismissed the use of men…
Cognitive and motor impairment caused by past emotional trauma
Reported blindness, paralysis, and memory loss without physic…
Functionalist; believed the various stages of childhood devel…
Describe the use of mentally impaired…
Wundt and Titchener (structuralists) dismissed the use of men…
Hysteria
Cognitive and motor impairment caused by past emotional trauma
15 terms
World History: Ethics, Law, and Religion
Oral Torah
Code of Hammurabi
Pliny the Elder
Pythagoras
The teachings passed down to Moses from God. Eventually writt…
Produced by the Babylonian King Hammurabi around 1700 BC. It…
Roman author, compiled the first encyclopedia. Died in 79 BC
Greek mathmatician and pholosopher in the sixth century BC.
Oral Torah
The teachings passed down to Moses from God. Eventually writt…
Code of Hammurabi
Produced by the Babylonian King Hammurabi around 1700 BC. It…
15 terms
History Fallacies and Ethics
Ethics
Metaethics
Normative Ethics
Applied Ethics
the study of how we ought to live, what is right and wrong?
A culture's fundamental values are its:
an ethical approach that attempts to prescribe what ethical b…
The actual use of moral standards of behavior in making decis…
Ethics
the study of how we ought to live, what is right and wrong?
Metaethics
A culture's fundamental values are its:
37 terms
Ethics-Social Impact/ History
1980
Three stages of mobile music
GPS
1984
IBM PC
Sony walkman-Mp3-iphone
global positioning system... driving and navigating... tracking(pac…
powerpoint
1980
IBM PC
Three stages of mobile music
Sony walkman-Mp3-iphone
20 terms
Environmental History and Ethics
Frontier Attitude
John James Audubon (1785-1851)
Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862)
George Perkins Marsh (1801-1882)
Natural Resources (land, timber soil, water) seemed inexhaust…
Painted birds and other animals in their natural surroundings…
Naturalist author on simplifying life. He wrote Walden, empha…
Wrote Man and Nature. which recognized the interrelatedness o…
Frontier Attitude
Natural Resources (land, timber soil, water) seemed inexhaust…
John James Audubon (1785-1851)
Painted birds and other animals in their natural surroundings…
15 terms
Journalism-History and Media Ethics
First paper shut down
1st Amendment
Penny Press
Yellow Journalism
Publick Occurences
States that, "Congress shall make no law abridging freedom of…
Wrote by Benjamin Day-costs only a penny
refers to stories, altered photos and screaming headlines
First paper shut down
Publick Occurences
1st Amendment
States that, "Congress shall make no law abridging freedom of…
27 terms
History Ethics and Logical Fallacies
Red Herring
Ad Hominem
Appeal to Popularity
Appeal to Tradition
An argument given in reply to an original issue in order to d…
An argument that attacks the character of the arguer instead…
This argument that suggests an idea must be true simply becau…
A claim that a point of view is correct because it has always…
Red Herring
An argument given in reply to an original issue in order to d…
Ad Hominem
An argument that attacks the character of the arguer instead…
53 terms
BHS Veatch History of Medical Ethics
Hippocratic Oath Origins
Hippocratic Oath Characteristics (3)
What model did the British Medical Ass…
Hippocratic Code Divides Medicine into…
Probably from Hippocratic "school" in the 4th century BCE
1) Swearing by the Gods and Goddesses... 2) Pledge loyalty to On…
Hippocratic Oath
Dietetics, pharmacology, and surgery
Hippocratic Oath Origins
Probably from Hippocratic "school" in the 4th century BCE
Hippocratic Oath Characteristics (3)
1) Swearing by the Gods and Goddesses... 2) Pledge loyalty to On…
37 terms
history/ethics/research methods
overall, __ is a better predictor of d…
the best romantic predictor is
why do we need psychology?
we view the world through a biased fil…
similarity (values initially/personalities eventually)
spacial proximity
our common sense has limitations
confirmation bias
overall, __ is a better predictor of d…
similarity (values initially/personalities eventually)
the best romantic predictor is
spacial proximity
8 terms
Intro into the history of ethics
ethics
Dictionary definition of ethics
A set of principles that governs peopl…
What's the difference between facts an…
"manners" or "customs." Theoretical, critical reflection on h…
• Theory or a system of moral values ... • Set of principles of…
1. Social Consensus Ethics: rules binding on all members of s…
Facts = concern what is the case, and ... Ethics = concerns what…
ethics
"manners" or "customs." Theoretical, critical reflection on h…
Dictionary definition of ethics
• Theory or a system of moral values ... • Set of principles of…
45 terms
Computer Science History & Ethics
Abacus
Computing
Jacquard
What were punch cards invented for?
First "computing" device, invented by Chinese about 2600 BC.
Calculating
Punch cards
Program looms
Abacus
First "computing" device, invented by Chinese about 2600 BC.
Computing
Calculating
30 terms
History of Ethical Abuses in Research
What is scientific research?
What is the Nuremberg Code?
What is the Declaration of Helsinki?
What is the fundamental principle of t…
it is based on the empirical testing of ideas, formulated as…
The Nuremberg Code is a set of research ethics principles for…
It was developed by the World Medical Association (WMA) as a…
Respect for the individual's right to self determination and…
What is scientific research?
it is based on the empirical testing of ideas, formulated as…
What is the Nuremberg Code?
The Nuremberg Code is a set of research ethics principles for…
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