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Study sets matching "history the evolution"

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Study sets matching "history the evolution"

59 terms
History- evolution
paleolithic
neolithic
salt and pepper
evolution
old stone age
new stone age
settled; surplus; specialization ;social classes; size increa…
gradual change over a long period of time
paleolithic
old stone age
neolithic
new stone age
Evolution - History of Evolution
principal of original horizontality
law of superposition
George Cuvier
uniformitarianism
rocks are laid down flat, any deviation of this are the resul…
younger rock layers lay ontop of older ones
showed that species went extinct; 1769-1832
observable processes produce small changes that accumulate ov…
principal of original horizontality
rocks are laid down flat, any deviation of this are the resul…
law of superposition
younger rock layers lay ontop of older ones
15 terms
History of Evolution
Aristotle
Fossil Study
Jean Baptiste Lamark
Charles Lyell
384-322 BC thought species were perfect and permanent
Mid 1700s- scientists started describing the fossil record an…
French Biologist who had the idea of use it or lose it for or…
British Geologist who came up with idea of uniformitarianism
Aristotle
384-322 BC thought species were perfect and permanent
Fossil Study
Mid 1700s- scientists started describing the fossil record an…
21 terms
Evolution: Life History Evolution
What are the 5 life history characters?
Rate of living Theory
What predictions does the Rate of livi…
What two tests have proven the Rate of…
1. Age at first reproduction... 2. Total life span... 3. Mode and f…
Theory for why organisms die. States that aging is caused by…
1. Lifespan should correlate negatively with metabolic rate... 2…
1. Bats live long and have fast metabolisms, Marsupials live…
What are the 5 life history characters?
1. Age at first reproduction... 2. Total life span... 3. Mode and f…
Rate of living Theory
Theory for why organisms die. States that aging is caused by…
History of Evolution
Evolution
Spontaneous generation
Biogenesis
Carolus Linnaeus
change over time
the idea that life could arise from non-living matter
the idea that life can only come from pre-existing life
father of taxonomy
Evolution
change over time
Spontaneous generation
the idea that life could arise from non-living matter
13 terms
History of Evolution
Andreas Vesailius
William Harvey and William Paley
Nicholas Steno
Carolus Linnaeus
Born 1514. Opposed Galen and introduced comparitive anatomy b…
1578, discovered the circulatory system. 1743, inspired by di…
2 fisherman caught a shark in 1666, Steno noticed the teeth r…
Born 1707. Classified life into nested hierarchies. Darwin pr…
Andreas Vesailius
Born 1514. Opposed Galen and introduced comparitive anatomy b…
William Harvey and William Paley
1578, discovered the circulatory system. 1743, inspired by di…
8 terms
The history of evolution
Linnaeous
Buffon
Hutton
Lyell
Taxonomy. Classification of species
Dissected organisms and noticed homologous structures.
Gradualism
Uniformitarianism... Old Earth
Linnaeous
Taxonomy. Classification of species
Buffon
Dissected organisms and noticed homologous structures.
13 terms
History of Evolution
Andreas Vesalius
William Harvey and William Paley
Nicholas Steno
Carolus Linnaeus
Comparative Anatomy... Born: 1514... Fabrica (7 Books) ... Galen (False)
Observation and Natural Theology... Born: 1578... Body Systems (Mec…
Fossils/Paleotology... Born: 1638... Tongue Stones... Law of Superposi…
Organizational Hierarchies... Born: 1707... Systema Naturae
Andreas Vesalius
Comparative Anatomy... Born: 1514... Fabrica (7 Books) ... Galen (False)
William Harvey and William Paley
Observation and Natural Theology... Born: 1578... Body Systems (Mec…
18 terms
The History of Evolution
Hadean Eon (time)
Hadean Eon (place)
Archean Eon (time)
Archean Eon (place)
4.5 to 4 BYA
There was constant bombardment by meteors, which attributed t…
4 to 2.5 BYA
Volcanoes are still common, but oceans appear. The atmosphere…
Hadean Eon (time)
4.5 to 4 BYA
Hadean Eon (place)
There was constant bombardment by meteors, which attributed t…
43 terms
History of Evolution
Evolution
Jean baptist lamarck
Charles Darwin (1809-1882)
Adaptation
Population cahnge over time and all organisms come from a com…
Proposed that organisms had acquired traits and that the trai…
In 1831 began a five year journey and collected and observed…
A physical or behavioral trait that an organism ability to su…
Evolution
Population cahnge over time and all organisms come from a com…
Jean baptist lamarck
Proposed that organisms had acquired traits and that the trai…
History of Pre-evolution and evolution
What is meant when scientists say Evol…
What is Teleology?
What is intelligent design?
What is creationism?
It was not a brand new idea that came out of nowhere, it buil…
A philosophical account that says that a final cause exists i…
A theory that features of the universe and of living things a…
A religious belief that humanity, life, the Earth and univers…
What is meant when scientists say Evol…
It was not a brand new idea that came out of nowhere, it buil…
What is Teleology?
A philosophical account that says that a final cause exists i…
10 terms
Evolution - History of Evolution
Al-Jahiz
Spencer
Darwin
Malthus
Assumed Divine creation, worked with spider and mosquito, und…
Believed there to be an endpoint to evolution, coined the ter…
Nature unconsciously selects individuals
Mentions struggle for existence, applies struggle for existen…
Al-Jahiz
Assumed Divine creation, worked with spider and mosquito, und…
Spencer
Believed there to be an endpoint to evolution, coined the ter…
17 terms
History of Evolution
Plato
Essentialism
Judeo Christian Culture
Natural Theology
Greek philosopher who believed in a real, ideal world and ess…
things have set characteristics that makes them what they arer
Believed in a natural theology, essentialist dogma
wanting to understand what purpose god had for each species h…
Plato
Greek philosopher who believed in a real, ideal world and ess…
Essentialism
things have set characteristics that makes them what they arer
27 terms
Population Evolution & Evolution History
Gene Pool
Relative Frequency
Genetic Variation
Mutations
All the genes in a population including all the different all…
The number of times the allele occurs in the populations (exp…
differences between individuals or to differences between pop…
An alteration in the DNA that is permanent and can be passed…
Gene Pool
All the genes in a population including all the different all…
Relative Frequency
The number of times the allele occurs in the populations (exp…
14 terms
Evolution History
Aristotle (300 BCE)
Linnaeus (Mid 1700s)
Leclerc (Late 1700s)
Erasmus Darwin
Thought species were perfect and unchanging
Taxonomy, classification of organisms
Said living things change over time
All life came from one common ancestor
Aristotle (300 BCE)
Thought species were perfect and unchanging
Linnaeus (Mid 1700s)
Taxonomy, classification of organisms
20 terms
History Of Evolution
Evolution
Natural Selection
Charles Darwin
Speciation
The change in a species as a whole over time.
"Survival of the fittest" organisms that are best suited for…
The man who voyaged to the Galapagos and developed the idea o…
The emergence of a new species due to natural selection.
Evolution
The change in a species as a whole over time.
Natural Selection
"Survival of the fittest" organisms that are best suited for…
11 terms
History of Evolution
18th Century ... First French Revolution
18th Century ... Second French Revolution
18th Century ... Beginning of first revol…
18th century
-Destruction of Royal Absolutism ... -want a constitutional mona…
-Abolition of the monarchy ... -Formation of the French Republic
-immediate cause was major economic crisis that bankrupted mo…
-1787: King proposed new taxation system that would put a dir…
18th Century ... First French Revolution
-Destruction of Royal Absolutism ... -want a constitutional mona…
18th Century ... Second French Revolution
-Abolition of the monarchy ... -Formation of the French Republic
20 terms
History Evolution
What was the religion created by Marti…
Which step was the split in the Roman…
In which step did the Christian church…
What religion did Henry VIII create?
Lutheranism
Step 2
Step 3
Anglican
What was the religion created by Marti…
Lutheranism
Which step was the split in the Roman…
Step 2
15 terms
Evolution/History
evolution
directional selection
stabilizing selection
sexual selection
-"descent with modification" from a common ancestor, resultin…
form of natural selection when individuals at one end of a di…
intermediate forms are favored over extreme forms ... ex: weight…
female preference and "honest advertising"
evolution
-"descent with modification" from a common ancestor, resultin…
directional selection
form of natural selection when individuals at one end of a di…
14 terms
History of Evolution
Evolution
Aristotle
Linneaus
Charles Lyell & Hutten
The change in allele frequencies... Change in characteristics of…
384-322... Variations in organisms caused by imperfections of "e…
1707-1778... Set to classify god's creation, published Systema N…
Lyell wrote Principles of Geology about Hutten's law of unifo…
Evolution
The change in allele frequencies... Change in characteristics of…
Aristotle
384-322... Variations in organisms caused by imperfections of "e…
10 terms
History of Evolution
Empedocles
René Descartes
James Hutton
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
-(5th Century BC)... -All living things formed by chance... combina…
-(1596-1650)... -World is formed according to mechanical laws... -…
-(1726-1797)... -"Uniformitarianism" - the geological forces see…
-(1744-1829)... -Subscribed to the idea of the "Great Chain of... B…
Empedocles
-(5th Century BC)... -All living things formed by chance... combina…
René Descartes
-(1596-1650)... -World is formed according to mechanical laws... -…
9 terms
History of Evolution
Thales
Aristotle
Carolus Linnaeus
George Cuvier
600 BC proposed origin of life from gradual change
-All living things could be placed on a scale of nature... -the…
-Swedish botanist that tried to classify all of life... -thought…
-father of paleontology... -deeper he found fossils the more dis…
Thales
600 BC proposed origin of life from gradual change
Aristotle
-All living things could be placed on a scale of nature... -the…
30 terms
Evolution: History
Anaximander
Empedocles
Aristotle
Thomas of Aquinas
Theory of aquatic descent (man from fish)... Proposed a mechanis…
Cosmogeny (origin of the cosmos)... First inklings of natural se…
Empiricism... Ptolemaic thinking (Geocentrist)... Ladder of life
Natural theologian: ladder of life with angels
Anaximander
Theory of aquatic descent (man from fish)... Proposed a mechanis…
Empedocles
Cosmogeny (origin of the cosmos)... First inklings of natural se…
26 terms
History of Evolution
Aristotle
Creationism
Carolus Linnaeus
Systema Naturae
Essentialism... • All "imperfect" forms have a "true"... essence... •…
Each organism was specifically... created
Systema naturae (1735-... 1767)... - An attempt to document all... liv…
System... of nature through the three... kingdoms of nature, accord…
Aristotle
Essentialism... • All "imperfect" forms have a "true"... essence... •…
Creationism
Each organism was specifically... created
40 terms
Evolution History
Anaxemander
Empedocles
Aristotle
Induction
Early greek philosopher who proposed mechanistic view of heav…
Early greek philosopher who proposed an origin of Eart, the m…
Argued that hypothesis must be tested against fact to ensure…
Use data to construct an explaination
Anaxemander
Early greek philosopher who proposed mechanistic view of heav…
Empedocles
Early greek philosopher who proposed an origin of Eart, the m…
16 terms
history of evolution
evolution
strata
Georges Cuvier
catastrophism
the development of new types of organisms over time or a heri…
rock layers that are newly formed over time
spent years reconstructing the appearance of unique organisms…
the idea that sudden geologic catastrophes caused the extinct…
evolution
the development of new types of organisms over time or a heri…
strata
rock layers that are newly formed over time
9 terms
History of Evolution
Lamarkian Evolution
Vestigal Organs
Decent with Modification
Evolution
characteristics acquired by individuals throughout their life…
Organs or body parts that were once used, but are no longer n…
Changes in species were slow as offspring were modified versi…
Process of change which new species develop from pre-existing…
Lamarkian Evolution
characteristics acquired by individuals throughout their life…
Vestigal Organs
Organs or body parts that were once used, but are no longer n…
8 terms
History of Evolution
Linnaeus
Buffon
Erasmus Darwin
Lamarck
He believed that some species come from hybridization.
He proposed that species shared ancestors instead of rising s…
He proposed that all living things were descendant from a com…
Proposed that all organisms evolved toward perfection and com…
Linnaeus
He believed that some species come from hybridization.
Buffon
He proposed that species shared ancestors instead of rising s…
9 terms
Evolution- History
Heraclitus
Aristotle
Cuvier
Linnaeus
The universe changes
Spontaneous generation, Essentialism, Scala naturae
Species do not change, but extinction can happen
Classified species based on fixed traits
Heraclitus
The universe changes
Aristotle
Spontaneous generation, Essentialism, Scala naturae
16 terms
History of Evolution
What is evolution?
Lamarck-1809
Thomas Malthus-1798
Hutton and Lyell
-descent with modification... -changes of gene frequency... -chan…
-tried to develop "how" evolution occurred... -inheritance of ac…
-Struggle for existence... -left unchecked human population will…
-say that earth was formed millions of years ago rather than…
What is evolution?
-descent with modification... -changes of gene frequency... -chan…
Lamarck-1809
-tried to develop "how" evolution occurred... -inheritance of ac…
22 terms
history of evolution
Aristotle developed what?
What is the ladder of life?
Aristotle thought what about relations…
George Cuiver was a ? `
The ladder of life
it arranged all living things on a scale of increasing comple…
that a wing and fin were similar because they have the same p…
geologist
Aristotle developed what?
The ladder of life
What is the ladder of life?
it arranged all living things on a scale of increasing comple…
19 terms
History Of Evolution
Natural Selection
Charles Darwin
Speciation
Co-Evolution
"survival of the fittest" organisms that are best suited for…
the man who voyaged to the galapagos and developed the idea o…
the emergence of a new species due to natural selection
occurs when two or populations evolve at the same time
Natural Selection
"survival of the fittest" organisms that are best suited for…
Charles Darwin
the man who voyaged to the galapagos and developed the idea o…
64 terms
History of evolution
Evolution
Biological evolution
Example of biological evolution
As in the past
means gradual change
-refers to gradual change of populations or organisms over ti…
while it appears that the sheep blowfly populations evolved q…
new species are formed and others go extinct.
Evolution
means gradual change
Biological evolution
-refers to gradual change of populations or organisms over ti…
History of evolution
Species
Genus
Last common ancestor (LCA)
Morphology
A group of organisms that can, and do... interbreed
a groups of similar species, often... sharing certain common for…
a species two (or... more) species have descended from. For exam…
form and structure of an organism
Species
A group of organisms that can, and do... interbreed
Genus
a groups of similar species, often... sharing certain common for…
20 terms
History of Evolution
Evolution
Natural Selection
Charles Darwin
Speciation
The change in a species as a whole over time
"Survival of the fittest" organisms that are best suited for…
The man who voyaged to the Galapagos and developed the idea o…
The emergence of a new species due to natural selection
Evolution
The change in a species as a whole over time
Natural Selection
"Survival of the fittest" organisms that are best suited for…
19 terms
History of Evolution
natural selection
charles darwin
speciation
co-evolution
"survival of the fittest" organisms that are best suited fpr…
the man who voyaged to the galapagos and developed the idea o…
the emergence of a new species due to natural selection
occurs when two or more populations evolve at the same time
natural selection
"survival of the fittest" organisms that are best suited fpr…
charles darwin
the man who voyaged to the galapagos and developed the idea o…
19 terms
History Of Evolution
Natural Selection
Charles Darwin
Speciation
Co-Evolution
"survival of the fittest" organisms that are best suited for…
the man who voyaged to the galapagos and developed the idea o…
the emergence of a new species due to natural selection
occurs when two or populations evolve at the same time
Natural Selection
"survival of the fittest" organisms that are best suited for…
Charles Darwin
the man who voyaged to the galapagos and developed the idea o…
20 terms
History of Evolution
Evolution
Natural Selection
Charles Darwin
speciation
The change in a species as a whole over time
"survival if the fittest" organisms that are best suited for…
the man who voyaged to the Galapagos and developed the idea o…
The emergence of a new species due to natural selection
Evolution
The change in a species as a whole over time
Natural Selection
"survival if the fittest" organisms that are best suited for…
13 terms
History of Evolution
Adaptation
Ancestor
Common Descent
Evolution
characteristic that makes an organism well suited for its env…
the organism from with later kinds evolved from
principle that all living things share a common ancestor
change in genetic makeup of a population over time
Adaptation
characteristic that makes an organism well suited for its env…
Ancestor
the organism from with later kinds evolved from
9 terms
History of Evolution
Linnaeus (1707-1778)
Cuvier (1769-1832)
Hutton (1726-1797)
Lyell (1797-1875)
genus species nomenclature system and hierarchical phylogeny…
catastrophism and mass extinctions caused by "biblical" floods
gradualism
uniformitarianism, shaped Darwin's view of a "dynamic" Earth
Linnaeus (1707-1778)
genus species nomenclature system and hierarchical phylogeny…
Cuvier (1769-1832)
catastrophism and mass extinctions caused by "biblical" floods
24 terms
History of Evolution
Essentialism
Scala Naturae
Carolus Linnaeus
Leclerc
the physical world and its life forms are fixed. all members…
the "great chain of being". life arranged hierarchically, cul…
Systema Naturae: binomial nomeclature. hierarchial taxonomy e…
recognized that differences between related species living in…
Essentialism
the physical world and its life forms are fixed. all members…
Scala Naturae
the "great chain of being". life arranged hierarchically, cul…
14 terms
History of Evolution
Plato and Aristotle
Erasmus Darwin
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
Georges Cuvier
species were individually designed and therefore fixed... simila…
Charles Darwin's grandfather... leading intellectual of 18th-cen…
did a stint in the Army, Bank clerk in Paris, and began study…
French paleontologist... "father of paleontology"... first to study…
Plato and Aristotle
species were individually designed and therefore fixed... simila…
Erasmus Darwin
Charles Darwin's grandfather... leading intellectual of 18th-cen…
29 terms
History of Evolution
Essentialism
Scala Naturae
Carolus Linnaeus
Binomial Nomenclature
The physical world & its life forms are fixed... Members of a c…
The "great chain of being"... Life arranges hierarchically, cul…
Father of modern taxonomy... Systema Naturae (1735) : binomial…
Naming system for oragnisms
Essentialism
The physical world & its life forms are fixed... Members of a c…
Scala Naturae
The "great chain of being"... Life arranges hierarchically, cul…
13 terms
History of Evolution
Fixity of Species
Arch Bishop James Ussher
Linnaeus
Lamarck
God created everything and there is no evolution
First Day of Creation: October 23, 4004
Father of taxonomy; created nomenclature
"inheritance of acquired characteristics"... Environment changes…
Fixity of Species
God created everything and there is no evolution
Arch Bishop James Ussher
First Day of Creation: October 23, 4004
17 terms
History of Evolution
Evolution
Species
1.) variation exits in all species... 2.)…
variation, overproduction, adaption, d…
is the process of change in the inherited characterisitics wi…
a group of organisms that can reproduce and have fertile offs…
Theory of Natural Selection
What are the four main principles to the theory of natural se…
Evolution
is the process of change in the inherited characterisitics wi…
Species
a group of organisms that can reproduce and have fertile offs…
9 terms
History of Evolution
Living systems must do what three thin…
Buffon (1753)
Hutton- Age of Earth
Catastrophism & Cuvier
attain energy, defend themselves & replicate
Similarities between organisms, common ancestors, power of na…
Geology, gradualism
Fossils & fossil record
Living systems must do what three thin…
attain energy, defend themselves & replicate
Buffon (1753)
Similarities between organisms, common ancestors, power of na…
10 terms
History of Evolution
Plato
Aristotle
Linneaus
Curvier
"idea fixed" (no change)
hierarchy of all living things ("scala naturae")
"system naturae" characterization (genus, species, etc)
paleontologist - studied extinction
Plato
"idea fixed" (no change)
Aristotle
hierarchy of all living things ("scala naturae")
8 terms
History of evolution
Aristotle
Buffon
Lamarck
Curvier
viewed organisms as fixed or unchanged
species change over time either bc of chance or bacon environ…
use of tissue of body parts is an inherited trait; inheritanc…
Said Lamarck was wrong, claimed animals could go extinct
Aristotle
viewed organisms as fixed or unchanged
Buffon
species change over time either bc of chance or bacon environ…
8 terms
history of evolution
early religious logic
scale naturae
who created the system naturae? whats…
lamarcks law
god is perfect... denial of existence of gods idea would represe…
reflects progression of creation... -biologist goal to fill it
-by carlos linnaeus... -formal taxonomy of living things... -precur…
the principle of use and disuse
early religious logic
god is perfect... denial of existence of gods idea would represe…
scale naturae
reflects progression of creation... -biologist goal to fill it
History of Evolution
Biodiversity
Divine Creation/Creationaism Theory
Eugenics
Fit/Fittest/Fitness
The range of animal and plant life within an environment, mos…
The belief that the Earth and the rest of the Universe, toget…
Active promotion of the fittest offspring i humans. The Engli…
Being well adapted or suited to conditions. In the evolutiona…
Biodiversity
The range of animal and plant life within an environment, mos…
Divine Creation/Creationaism Theory
The belief that the Earth and the rest of the Universe, toget…
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