Study sets matching "hiv"

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Study sets matching "hiv"

31 terms
HIV
Worldwide
Statistics in U.S.
Info to know about HIV
Basics of HIV
> 34 million have HIV/AIDS... 2011→... (new HIV infected pts. = 2.5…
Living w/HIV→ >1 million & >13 yrs./old⇒ 20% of them are unaw…
HIV-1→... HIV-2→... Related viruses⇒... SIV→ "simian immunodeficiency…
This Retrovirus Has 2 types⇒... 1. HIV-1→ leads to AIDS... 2. HIV-2…
Worldwide
> 34 million have HIV/AIDS... 2011→... (new HIV infected pts. = 2.5…
Statistics in U.S.
Living w/HIV→ >1 million & >13 yrs./old⇒ 20% of them are unaw…
55 terms
HIV
Recommended INSTI- based regimen for t…
Recommended PI- based regimen for the…
Recommended regimens for HIV-1 infecte…
Abacavir
1.) Dolutegravir/Abacavir/Lamivudine (Triumeq)... 2.)Dolutegravi…
Darunavir + ritonavir + emtricitabine/tenofovir (Prezista & N…
2 NRTIs... - abacavir/lamivudine (Epzicom) OR... - tenofovir/emtric…
Ziagen
Recommended INSTI- based regimen for t…
1.) Dolutegravir/Abacavir/Lamivudine (Triumeq)... 2.)Dolutegravi…
Recommended PI- based regimen for the…
Darunavir + ritonavir + emtricitabine/tenofovir (Prezista & N…
HIV
What does the primary infection of HIV…
What family of viruses does HIV belong…
the flu like syndrome that people get…
What immune cells does HIV tend to inf…
acute-flu like syndrome
retroviruses
acute retroviral syndrome
CD4+ T helper cells and monocytes/macrophages
What does the primary infection of HIV…
acute-flu like syndrome
What family of viruses does HIV belong…
retroviruses
46 terms
HIV
AIDs... profound immunosuppression... -cau…
retrovirus ... -process of infection... - m…
what do aids patients usually die from…
types of HIV
-oppotunistic infections... -malignacies... -wasting... -CNS degen.
long term latent infection... integrate genome into host DNA or…
opportunistic pathogens or tumors
-HIV 1= US... -HIV 2= west africa... HIV 1 more common
AIDs... profound immunosuppression... -cau…
-oppotunistic infections... -malignacies... -wasting... -CNS degen.
retrovirus ... -process of infection... - m…
long term latent infection... integrate genome into host DNA or…
67 terms
HIV
What is the most common CMV released i…
What are the three structural proteins…
Which HIV regulatory genes are require…
What is important about gag gene?
Retinitis (chorioretinitis)
Gag... Pol... Env
Tat (transcription)... Rev
iT HAS P24 PROTEIN, ANTIGEN IDENTIFIED IN serology test
What is the most common CMV released i…
Retinitis (chorioretinitis)
What are the three structural proteins…
Gag... Pol... Env
32 terms
HIV
What is AIDS, how is HIV spread, what'…
what's the current state of treatments?
how is it usually transmitted in the U…
HIV-1 vs. HIV-2
• HIV-1: Most common human retrovirus... • HIV-2: Not as virulen…
What is AIDS, how is HIV spread, what'…
what's the current state of treatments?
98 terms
HIV
What family and genus does the HIV vir…
What kind of virus is HIV?
Which HIV virus is responsible for mos…
Which group of HIV-1 is divided in sub…
Retrovirus family; Lentivirus genus
enveloped RNA virus
HIV-1
Group M
What family and genus does the HIV vir…
Retrovirus family; Lentivirus genus
What kind of virus is HIV?
enveloped RNA virus
32 terms
HIV
stages in HIV
primary HIV infection symptoms (from m…
Neuro, primary HIV complications
which OI appear above 200 CD4
1. transmission ... 2. primary HIV infection ... 3. clinical latent…
1. fever ... 2. adenopathy ... 3. pharyngitis ... 4. rash ... 5. ulcerati…
- meningoencephalitis ... - peripheral neuropathy ... - VII nerve p…
herpes zoster/shingles>TB>oral candidasis
stages in HIV
1. transmission ... 2. primary HIV infection ... 3. clinical latent…
primary HIV infection symptoms (from m…
1. fever ... 2. adenopathy ... 3. pharyngitis ... 4. rash ... 5. ulcerati…
39 terms
HIV
adenine
guanine
cytosine
thymine
adenine
guanine
18 terms
HIV
Enfuvirtide
Maraviroc
Nucleoside RT inhibitors... Non-nucleosid…
Raltegravir
Attachment and fusion
Chemokine and CD4 receptors
Reverse transcription
Integrase ... -transport double stranded unintegrated DNA into t…
Enfuvirtide
Attachment and fusion
Maraviroc
Chemokine and CD4 receptors
44 terms
HIV
Describe the HIV particle
gag gene results in 6 products
pol gene results in enzymes
env gene results in 2 viral enveloped…
Lentivirus and retrovirus. 2 single copies of RNA. Reverse tr…
encodes for a gag protein that is cleaved into different prod…
encodes for a protein that, when cleaved into different produ…
encodes for an env protein, which, when cleaved, results in t…
Describe the HIV particle
Lentivirus and retrovirus. 2 single copies of RNA. Reverse tr…
gag gene results in 6 products
encodes for a gag protein that is cleaved into different prod…
HIV
how is HIV transmitted
how to reduce transmission
high risk for HIV transmission
s/sx's of primary HIV infxn (list from…
blood ... semen ... vaginal secretion... breast milk... sex... needles ... birth
limit partners... get tested ... latex condoms (*polyurethane/polyi…
very high risk - pre-exposure prophylaxis... gays... discordant c…
non-specific... fever... lethargy... myalgias... rash... headache... pharyngi…
how is HIV transmitted
blood ... semen ... vaginal secretion... breast milk... sex... needles ... birth
how to reduce transmission
limit partners... get tested ... latex condoms (*polyurethane/polyi…
30 terms
HIV
Countries with highest HIV
Populations with highest incidence in…
Statistics 2015
HIV: Virus enters what type of lymph t…
#1 Africa; #2 USSR/South Asia; #3 South America (less treatme…
MSM and African American
36 million live w/HIV. 17 mil ppl treatment. 70% of mom recie…
Helper T cell (lymphs) through the CD4 receptor
Countries with highest HIV
#1 Africa; #2 USSR/South Asia; #3 South America (less treatme…
Populations with highest incidence in…
MSM and African American
82 terms
HIV
how is HIV transmitted
how to reduce transmission
high risk for HIV transmission
s/sx's of primary HIV infxn (list from…
blood ... semen ... vaginal secretion... breast milk... sex... needles ... birth
limit partners... get tested ... latex condoms (*polyurethane/polyi…
very high risk - pre-exposure prophylaxis... gays... discordant c…
non-specific... fever... lethargy... myalgias... rash... headache... pharyngi…
how is HIV transmitted
blood ... semen ... vaginal secretion... breast milk... sex... needles ... birth
how to reduce transmission
limit partners... get tested ... latex condoms (*polyurethane/polyi…
11 terms
HIV
CDC classification of HIV
Symptomatic HIV dz
AIDS defining illness
CD4 < 100
asymp HIV... Symp HIV without AIDS... AIDS
Mod-to-severe cervical dysplasia (CIN II, CIN III or CIS)... bac…
CD4+ < 200 or ... Candidiasis of the esophagus, lungs, or trache…
Toxoplasmosis PROPHYLAXIS: ... -First Line: TMP-SMX ... -Second lin…
CDC classification of HIV
asymp HIV... Symp HIV without AIDS... AIDS
Symptomatic HIV dz
Mod-to-severe cervical dysplasia (CIN II, CIN III or CIS)... bac…
37 terms
HIV
Immunodeficiency Diseases
HIV Type I
HIV Type II
Seroconversion
-Lack of one or more components of the immune system results…
responsible for most HIV infections worldwide
endemic in many countries in West Africa; rare is other parts…
the development of evidence of antibody response to a disease…
Immunodeficiency Diseases
-Lack of one or more components of the immune system results…
HIV Type I
responsible for most HIV infections worldwide
14 terms
HIV
HIV
AIDS case definition
HIV Etiology
Opportunistic Infections
-Retrovirus (changes viral RNA → DNA via reverse transcriptas…
1) Definitive AIDS diagnoses (w/ or w/o laboratory evidence o…
-Like other retroviruses, depends on a unique enzyme, reverse…
HIV
-Retrovirus (changes viral RNA → DNA via reverse transcriptas…
AIDS case definition
1) Definitive AIDS diagnoses (w/ or w/o laboratory evidence o…
22 terms
HIV
Sources of Transmission of HIV
CD4 Cells
AIDS CD4 Cell Count
Opportunistic Infection
-Blood products/transfusions before 1985... -Pregnancy, birth, b…
A type of white blood cell that's specifically targeted and d…
Less than 200
Nonpathogenic infection that becomes pathogenic because of a…
Sources of Transmission of HIV
-Blood products/transfusions before 1985... -Pregnancy, birth, b…
CD4 Cells
A type of white blood cell that's specifically targeted and d…
18 terms
HIV
Epidemiology
Risk Factors for HIV/AIDS
Screening for HIV
Diagnosis of HIV
The epidemic is still growing but at a lower rate than before…
MSM... IV drug users... Unprotected sex w/ >1 partner ... Unprotected…
Pts in health-care settings unless pt opts-out ... *Pregnant w…
HIV-1 and HIV-2 Immunoassay (4th generation Ag/Ab assay) used…
Epidemiology
The epidemic is still growing but at a lower rate than before…
Risk Factors for HIV/AIDS
MSM... IV drug users... Unprotected sex w/ >1 partner ... Unprotected…
33 terms
HIV
HIV 1
HIV-2
tat
rev
crossed the species barrier 3 times... 3 subgroups (M, O, N)... Gro…
prevalent in West Africa... less virulent than HIV-1... 7-8 subtype…
transactivates transcription of HIV genes
regulates RNA splicing & promotes export of mRNA to the cytop…
HIV 1
crossed the species barrier 3 times... 3 subgroups (M, O, N)... Gro…
HIV-2
prevalent in West Africa... less virulent than HIV-1... 7-8 subtype…
5 terms
HIV
HIV
gp120 binds to CD4
CCR5 Mutation
Diagnosis
Mutation of SIV... -Enveloped, positive single stranded RNA viru…
People exposed but do not become infected
Involves detecting antibodies against HIV
HIV
Mutation of SIV... -Enveloped, positive single stranded RNA viru…
gp120 binds to CD4
HIV Genome
HIV Structural Genes
Reverse Transcriptase
Viral Binding to Host
+ssRNA, diploid, linear... enveloped... icosahedral capsid
gp120 (Env) = attachment to CD4 host... gp41 (Env) = fusion and…
synthesizes dsDNA from genomic RNA... dsDNA then integrates into…
Virus binds CD4 and a coreceptor... Macrophage = early infection…
HIV Genome
+ssRNA, diploid, linear... enveloped... icosahedral capsid
HIV Structural Genes
gp120 (Env) = attachment to CD4 host... gp41 (Env) = fusion and…
HIV
...
...
HIV 1
...
HIV :... - Family: Retroviridae... - Genus: Lentivirus... Is an…
HIV 1 and HIV 2 are superficially similar, but each contain…
The MCC of HIV disease throughout the world and US is?
Characteristics of HIV 2 infections:... - immunodeficiency pro…
...
HIV :... - Family: Retroviridae... - Genus: Lentivirus... Is an…
...
HIV 1 and HIV 2 are superficially similar, but each contain…
HIV
Steps in HIV Replication (7)
gp120
gp41
Lipid membrane
1) Attach to host cell surface using host cell receptor... 2) Pe…
Docking glycoprotein
Transmembrane Glycoprotein
lipid bilayer
Steps in HIV Replication (7)
1) Attach to host cell surface using host cell receptor... 2) Pe…
gp120
Docking glycoprotein
9 terms
HIV
HIV: progression of disease
HIV transmission
Prevention of HIV infections
Retroviridae
Acute infection (2-4 weeks post-infection); Most people will…
Found in blood, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk of…
HIV screening; Medical care, treatment, and supportive servic…
Icosahedral; Enveloped, spherical to pleomorphic; Medium (80-…
HIV: progression of disease
Acute infection (2-4 weeks post-infection); Most people will…
HIV transmission
Found in blood, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk of…
24 terms
HIV
HIV (retrovirus)
HIV structural proteins
HIV regulatory proteins
HIV Life cycle
(+)ssRNA -(rT)-> DNA, enveloped, diploid. incorporated into h…
Gag-Pol precursor --> ... - gag - includes p24 (capsid protein)…
Tat - viral transcription factor ... Rev - promotes nuclear expo…
1. Tropism: ... - GP120 binds to CD4 and CCR5 --> p41 unfolds --…
HIV (retrovirus)
(+)ssRNA -(rT)-> DNA, enveloped, diploid. incorporated into h…
HIV structural proteins
Gag-Pol precursor --> ... - gag - includes p24 (capsid protein)…
76 terms
HIV
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Three main mechanisms for lowered CD4+…
Life expectancy is ________ for HIV pa…
Rank the following Countries from high…
- Infects human immune cells... --- Helper T cells (CD4+ cells)…
1. Direct viral killing of infected cells... 2. Increased rate o…
A. increasing ... Due to effectiveness of ART in treatment of HI…
1. Sub-Saharan Africa (23.5 million, Most in the world)... 2. So…
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
- Infects human immune cells... --- Helper T cells (CD4+ cells)…
Three main mechanisms for lowered CD4+…
1. Direct viral killing of infected cells... 2. Increased rate o…
82 terms
HIV
how is HIV transmitted
how to reduce transmission
high risk for HIV transmission
s/sx's of primary HIV infxn (list from…
blood ... semen ... vaginal secretion... breast milk... sex... needles ... birth
limit partners... get tested ... latex condoms (*polyurethane/polyi…
very high risk - pre-exposure prophylaxis... gays... discordant c…
non-specific... fever... lethargy... myalgias... rash... headache... pharyngi…
how is HIV transmitted
blood ... semen ... vaginal secretion... breast milk... sex... needles ... birth
how to reduce transmission
limit partners... get tested ... latex condoms (*polyurethane/polyi…
21 terms
HIV
HIV transmission
Species of HIV
HIV life cycle
Pathophysiology of HIV
-Blood borne pathogen... Unprotected sex, especially anal sex... -I…
HIV 1- originated from one or more cross-species of chimps. M…
HIV connects with C4 receptor... Then fuses with host cell membr…
HIV produces cellular immune deficiency... -HIV kills T cell (cd…
HIV transmission
-Blood borne pathogen... Unprotected sex, especially anal sex... -I…
Species of HIV
HIV 1- originated from one or more cross-species of chimps. M…
37 terms
HIV
Life Cycle
Preferred Regimens
NRTI side effects
Protease Inhibitors side effects
1. HIV attaches to host CD4 receptor and a co-receptor (CCR5…
NNRTI-based regimen... - Efavirenz/tenofovir/emtricitabine (ATR…
Boxed warnings for:... -lactic acidosis... -severe hepatomegaly w/…
-hyperglycemia, insulin resistance... -lipohypertrophy... -hyperlip…
Life Cycle
1. HIV attaches to host CD4 receptor and a co-receptor (CCR5…
Preferred Regimens
NNRTI-based regimen... - Efavirenz/tenofovir/emtricitabine (ATR…
HIV
Pathophysiology of HIV
Subjective Assessment
Objective Assessment
Risk for infection
Structure of HIV-1. ... A glycoprotein envelope surrounds the vi…
Spiritual: ... Keep focus on the present as unknowns of the futu…
Physical - Acute infection/OI's/Adherence to treatment/medica…
Many problems with OI's - needs individualized treatment plan…
Pathophysiology of HIV
Structure of HIV-1. ... A glycoprotein envelope surrounds the vi…
Subjective Assessment
Spiritual: ... Keep focus on the present as unknowns of the futu…
61 terms
HIV
what is HIV?
HIV vs AIDS
where is HIV most prevalent
HIV in US
-retrovirus- RNA that must be converted to DNA in order to…
-HIV is retrovirus that infects CD4 and T helper cells... -AIDS…
Sub-saharan Africa
->1.2 million, 14% unaware of inf... -MSM, esp young black MSM m…
what is HIV?
-retrovirus- RNA that must be converted to DNA in order to…
HIV vs AIDS
-HIV is retrovirus that infects CD4 and T helper cells... -AIDS…
10 terms
HIV
HIV Structure
The Virus
Why is the replication cycle of the vi…
Tat and rev genes
a.) HIV is a retrovirus within the group of lentavirus (slow…
a.) after integration of the provirus so that the infection r…
a.) function as transactivating factors and can increase prod…
HIV Structure
The Virus
a.) HIV is a retrovirus within the group of lentavirus (slow…
HIV
What does the primary infection of HIV…
What family of viruses does HIV belong…
the flu like syndrome that people get…
What immune cells does HIV tend to inf…
acute-flu like syndrome
retroviruses
acute retroviral syndrome
CD4+ T helper cells and monocytes/macrophages
What does the primary infection of HIV…
acute-flu like syndrome
What family of viruses does HIV belong…
retroviruses
49 terms
HIV
Fusion/Entry inhibitors work by....
Integrase Inhibitors (INSTI's) work by…
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors... (RTI)
Nucleoside/nucleotide RTI... (NRTI)
preventing the HIV virion from binding to the surface of a CD…
inhibiting the enzyme integrase which inserts viral DNA into…
1. NRTI... 2. NNRTI
Structured similar to nucleosides, so are *incorporated into…
Fusion/Entry inhibitors work by....
preventing the HIV virion from binding to the surface of a CD…
Integrase Inhibitors (INSTI's) work by…
inhibiting the enzyme integrase which inserts viral DNA into…
65 terms
HIV
What does the primary infection of HIV…
What family of viruses does HIV belong…
the flu like syndrome that people get…
What immune cells does HIV tend to inf…
acute-flu like syndrome
retroviruses
acute retroviral syndrome
CD4+ T helper cells and monocytes/macrophages
What does the primary infection of HIV…
acute-flu like syndrome
What family of viruses does HIV belong…
retroviruses
33 terms
HIV
Resting Memory T lymphocytes... what are…
Effector T lymphocytes(Activated T lym…
Macrophages what are the markers... what…
Resting T Lymphocytes ... what are the ma…
•Have been activated by Ag presentation and co-stimulation,... a…
•Have been activated by Ag presentation and co-stimulation... •C…
•Are receptive to Ag uptake... •Can be infected by R5-tropic, as…
most abundent... •Have not yet been exposed to Ag... •Can be infec…
Resting Memory T lymphocytes... what are…
•Have been activated by Ag presentation and co-stimulation,... a…
Effector T lymphocytes(Activated T lym…
•Have been activated by Ag presentation and co-stimulation... •C…
34 terms
HIV
Gold standard HIV diagnostic test
OTC HIV test kits
HIV labs to monitor
Full therapy
HIV ELISA
• OraQuick In-Home HIV Test... • Express HIV-1 Test System
• CD4+ ... • HIV viral load (aim for undetectable)... • HIV resista…
3 active antiretroviral agents... • NRTI... + NRTI... + NNRTI, INSTI,…
Gold standard HIV diagnostic test
HIV ELISA
OTC HIV test kits
• OraQuick In-Home HIV Test... • Express HIV-1 Test System
31 terms
HIV
HIV
Retroviruses
Human T-cell Lymphotrophic virus (HTLV…
HTLV-2,3,4
Human Immunodeficiency Virus causes *Acquired Immune Defici…
Reverse Transcriptase- (RT) Unique enzyme... -Transforms Singl…
1st Human Retrovirus, then (HTLV-2,3,4)... -Most significant-…
HTLV-2 also a human pathogen, milder than 1... HTLV-3 & 4 No spe…
HIV
Human Immunodeficiency Virus causes *Acquired Immune Defici…
Retroviruses
Reverse Transcriptase- (RT) Unique enzyme... -Transforms Singl…
58 terms
HIV
Clinical condition + CD4+ T lymphocyte…
HIV infection stage 0
HIV infection stage 1
HIV infection stage 2
CDC Classifications
negative HIV test w/in 6 months of first HIV infection diagno…
6 months after diagnosis + CD4 T+ lymphocyte count > 500 cell…
CD4 T+ lymphocyte count 200-399 cells/uL
Clinical condition + CD4+ T lymphocyte…
CDC Classifications
HIV infection stage 0
negative HIV test w/in 6 months of first HIV infection diagno…
19 terms
HIV
HIV Charac
HIV surface proteins important for att…
gag gene
pol gene
RNA retrovirus ... 2 identical +ssRNA ... needs to integrate into h…
gp120--> binds CD4 and CCr5... gp41--> fusion/internalization
core proteins ... matrix proteins
RT transcriptase ... protease ... integrase enzyme
HIV Charac
RNA retrovirus ... 2 identical +ssRNA ... needs to integrate into h…
HIV surface proteins important for att…
gp120--> binds CD4 and CCr5... gp41--> fusion/internalization
HIV
Characteristic of HIV
HIV replication generates a ___________
HIV-1
How many times have HIV-1 crossed the…
*reterovirus ... *RNA ... *enveloped ... *DNA provirus
DNA provirus
related to chimpanzee strains (SIV)... *responsible for most ca…
3 times!... *3 subgroups (M,O, N)
Characteristic of HIV
*reterovirus ... *RNA ... *enveloped ... *DNA provirus
HIV replication generates a ___________
DNA provirus
HIV/AIDS definition
CD4 clinical categories
Category B Symptoms & Opportunistic in…
Category C Symptoms & Opportunistic in…
HIV: An RNA virus that invades an individual's CD4 cells and…
• Bacillary angiomatosis... • Oropharyngeal candidiasis (thrush)…
• Bacterial pneumonia, recurrent (two or more episodes in 12…
HIV/AIDS definition
HIV: An RNA virus that invades an individual's CD4 cells and…
CD4 clinical categories
HIV
Does having a STI increase risk for HIV
What is the top four long term medical…
what does lentiviruses for HIV encode…
What type of RNA virus is HIV
YES immune system increases WBC's both the target and source…
CMV... Fetal Alcohol syndrome... down syndrome... spina bifida, anence…
GAG: group specific antigen (core and capsid)... Pol: polymeras…
Class VI ss + RNA virus ... RNA genome that uses a Reverse Tran…
Does having a STI increase risk for HIV
YES immune system increases WBC's both the target and source…
What is the top four long term medical…
CMV... Fetal Alcohol syndrome... down syndrome... spina bifida, anence…
17 terms
HIV
b/c it starts with it's viral RNA and…
-occurs 2-6 weeks after the initial in…
it's the production of HIV antibodies…
point where the pt is HIV viremic and…
why is HIV considered a retrovirus? HIV-1 vs HIV-2. which one…
what symptoms do ppl exposed to HIV have during the acute ill…
what is seroconversion? when does it occur?
what's the window period?
b/c it starts with it's viral RNA and…
why is HIV considered a retrovirus? HIV-1 vs HIV-2. which one…
-occurs 2-6 weeks after the initial in…
what symptoms do ppl exposed to HIV have during the acute ill…
149 terms
HIV
Region of U.S. with highest rates of H…
What is a key challenge to HIV prevent…
Age group in Alabama with the highest…
Two most common modes of HIV Transmiss…
South
Poverty of money, education, and health literacy
13-29 age
MSM (#1) and Heterosexual (#2)
Region of U.S. with highest rates of H…
South
What is a key challenge to HIV prevent…
Poverty of money, education, and health literacy
5 terms
HIV
CRISPR
exit from host cell
Normal T cell vs. HIV
AIDS
clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeats
While emerging from the host cell, the new viruses are coated…
Normal: Helper T cell count is 600 to 1,200 cells/μL.... HIV: He…
HIV + opportunistic infections ... Pneumocystis pneumonia, herp…
CRISPR
clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeats
exit from host cell
While emerging from the host cell, the new viruses are coated…
24 terms
HIV
HIV 1 & 2 what family? what pathologies?
Steps for HIV
Enfuviritide
Maraviroc
lentivirus-a/w IS and neuro
Binding & Fusion... RT ssRNA: dsDNA... Integration: Integrase: prov…
binds gp41
Fusion inhibitor CCR5
HIV 1 & 2 what family? what pathologies?
lentivirus-a/w IS and neuro
Steps for HIV
Binding & Fusion... RT ssRNA: dsDNA... Integration: Integrase: prov…
56 terms
HIV
definition
modes of transmission
timeline
receptive vs. insertive anal intercourse
opportunistic infections and malignancies that rarely occur i…
MSM (81%)... injection drug use (M: 5%, F: 13%)... heterosexual con…
1. exposure at mucosal surface... 2. day 0-2: virus collected by…
between 1:100 and 1:30 RECEPTIVE... 1:1000 INSERTIVE
definition
opportunistic infections and malignancies that rarely occur i…
modes of transmission
MSM (81%)... injection drug use (M: 5%, F: 13%)... heterosexual con…
Innate Immunity (1-12 hrs)
Adaptive Immunity
Primary Infection
Dendritic Cells take HIVe where?
already in our body. (first line, epithelial/muucousa barrier…
More sophisticated, powerful.... 1.Naive T Cell (get presented t…
1. Starts in Mucousal tissues (Infects CD4+T cells)... -
Lymph
Innate Immunity (1-12 hrs)
already in our body. (first line, epithelial/muucousa barrier…
Adaptive Immunity
More sophisticated, powerful.... 1.Naive T Cell (get presented t…
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