Study sets matching "hiv"

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Study sets matching "hiv"

67 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Antivirals (HIV, flu)
Maraviroc drug class
Enfuvirtide drug class
Dolutegravir drug class
Elvitegravir drug class
Fusion inhibitor
Fusion inhibitor
Integrase inhibitor
Integrase inhibitor
Maraviroc drug class
Fusion inhibitor
Enfuvirtide drug class
Fusion inhibitor
36 termscreated on January 20, 2017
viruses algorithm
norovirus
hepatitis A
hepatitis E
rotovirus
calici fam... ss(+)RNA... naked
ss(+)RNA... naked... pico
ss(+)RNA... naked... hepe
reo fam... ds(+)RNA... naked
norovirus
calici fam... ss(+)RNA... naked
hepatitis A
ss(+)RNA... naked... pico
1,700 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Random step 3 Buzzwords
pemphigus vulgaris
bullous pemphigoid
prophyria cutanea tarda
drug hypersensitivity
thin and fragile, Nikolsky (+)
bullae intact, thick, immunofluorescent antibodies
1. photosensitivity 2. phelbotomy
1. Urticaria 2. morbilliform rashes 3 erythema multiforme (ta…
pemphigus vulgaris
thin and fragile, Nikolsky (+)
bullous pemphigoid
bullae intact, thick, immunofluorescent antibodies
12 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Medical abbreviations wk.3
FDA
FOBT
Fx
g
Food and drug administration
Fecal occult blood test
Fracture
Gram
FDA
Food and drug administration
FOBT
Fecal occult blood test
15 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Science Glossary
Absorption
Acetylcholine
Acidity
Acidosis
Movement of a substance such as nutrients from the intestine…
A neurotransmitter that triggers the contraction of skeletal…
The property of having excess H+ ions
A decrease in blood PH
Absorption
Movement of a substance such as nutrients from the intestine…
Acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter that triggers the contraction of skeletal…
17 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Key Terms 18
Capsid
Bacteriophage (phage)
Lytic cycle
Lysogenic cycle
...
...
Spreads
Dormant
Capsid
...
Bacteriophage (phage)
...
25 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Viruses and Bacteria
Regressive Evolution
Cellular Origins
Independent Entities
Structure of a Virus
viruses are degenerate life-forms which have lost many functi…
sub-cellular, functional assemblies of macromolecules that es…
evolved on a parallel course to cellular organisms from the s…
range in side from 20-400 nm
Regressive Evolution
viruses are degenerate life-forms which have lost many functi…
Cellular Origins
sub-cellular, functional assemblies of macromolecules that es…
22 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Immunology
What are the 3 main types of immune re…
What is HIV?
How is HIV transmitted?
How does HIV manifest?
Immunodeficiency disorders, hypersensitivity disorders, autoi…
A progressive immunodeficiency disorder that destroys CD4+ he…
blood and blood products, body fluids such as ... blood, semen,…
malaise, fever, rapid weight loss, nausea, vomiting, and swol…
What are the 3 main types of immune re…
Immunodeficiency disorders, hypersensitivity disorders, autoi…
What is HIV?
A progressive immunodeficiency disorder that destroys CD4+ he…
25 termscreated on January 20, 2017
HESI Bioterrorism
1.
2.
3.
4.
small pox lesions develop synchronously
prodromal
CDC
manage the clients airway
1.
small pox lesions develop synchronously
2.
prodromal
25 termscreated on January 20, 2017
HESI Bioterrorism
1.
2.
3.
4.
small pox lesions develop synchronously
prodromal
CDC
manage the clients airway
1.
small pox lesions develop synchronously
2.
prodromal
17 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Community Chapter 2
Classical times 3000 to 200 BC
Babylonians
Egyptians
Greeks
devised ways to flush water , constructed drainage systems... de…
sin caused illness
used obersvation and empircal knowledge instead of magic
literature contains commmunicabel disease , health views as a…
Classical times 3000 to 200 BC
devised ways to flush water , constructed drainage systems... de…
Babylonians
sin caused illness
30 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Cancer mutation flashcards
t(12:21)
t(9:22)
t(4:11)
t(8:21)
TEL/AML1; good prognosis in B-cell ALL
1. BCR/ABL, Philadelphia chromosome; poor prognosis in B-ce…
AF4/MLL; poor prognosis in B-cell ALL... any 11q23 mutation (…
AML/ETO; AML with maturation (>10% maturing granulocytes); go…
t(12:21)
TEL/AML1; good prognosis in B-cell ALL
t(9:22)
1. BCR/ABL, Philadelphia chromosome; poor prognosis in B-ce…
73 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Exam 1
What are the three major classes of ha…
Biological (infectious) hazards
What are the most common biological ha…
Mechanical hazards
Biological (infectious)... Mechanical... Chemical
Any substance that contains enough pathogens to cause infecti…
Hep B... Hep C... HIV
Consist of sharp instruments & electrical hazards
What are the three major classes of ha…
Biological (infectious)... Mechanical... Chemical
Biological (infectious) hazards
Any substance that contains enough pathogens to cause infecti…
8 termscreated on January 20, 2017
structure and function: nucleic acids
AZT
ddI (didanosine)
acyclovir
tenofovir
nucleoside analog... lacks 3'OH... ---targets HIV... ---can reduce mot…
lacks 3'OH... targets HIV
affects viral kinase... lacks 3'OH... -----herpes simplex and varic…
nucleotide analog... competes with deoxyadenosine 5-triphosphate…
AZT
nucleoside analog... lacks 3'OH... ---targets HIV... ---can reduce mot…
ddI (didanosine)
lacks 3'OH... targets HIV
32 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Pharm 16
The ingestion and digestion of bacteri…
Some diseases for which a physician ma…
Patients with Candiada infections shou…
_____________ agents consist of a grou…
Phagocytosis
histoplasmosis, Candida infections, athlete's foot
correct handwashing procedure, proper personal hygiene, the w…
Antiretroviral
The ingestion and digestion of bacteri…
Phagocytosis
Some diseases for which a physician ma…
histoplasmosis, Candida infections, athlete's foot
49 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Onc Prolog Highlights (add from notes if there is a chance)
+ human placental lactogen staining of…
What is the most common histological f…
+ AFP in an 18 y/o. Schiller-Duval bod…
How would you describe Schiller-Duval…
Placental site trophoblastic tumor... Simple hysterectomy
Atrophic endometrium
Endodermal sinus tumor (3rd most common germ cell tumor. ... Tx:…
Loos cords of connective tissue with a blood vessel in the ce…
+ human placental lactogen staining of…
Placental site trophoblastic tumor... Simple hysterectomy
What is the most common histological f…
Atrophic endometrium
26 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Lecture 15
Ribose vs Deoxyribse
Method of how DNA/RNA polymerase catal…
How are the phosphodiester bonds catal…
What is reasonable for forming the act…
Deoxyribose lacks an OH group attached to the 2' C
Catalyze the formation of a phoshodiester bond between the 3'…
When the dNTP precursor binds to the 3'OH of the nucleotide,…
DNA ligase. (ATP is the energy source)
Ribose vs Deoxyribse
Deoxyribose lacks an OH group attached to the 2' C
Method of how DNA/RNA polymerase catal…
Catalyze the formation of a phoshodiester bond between the 3'…
33 termscreated on January 20, 2017
MT Quiz #2 (MNT 2) - Lymphatic System
Fatigue
MRI
Mediastinal
Needle Biopsy
A state of exhaustion of loss of strength
Magnetic resonance imaging: Image of the body with magnetic a…
Pertaining to the mediastinum. Mediastinum=space between the…
Removal of living tissue for microscopic examination by inser…
Fatigue
A state of exhaustion of loss of strength
MRI
Magnetic resonance imaging: Image of the body with magnetic a…
92 termscreated on January 20, 2017
OB HESI
28 year old client in active labor com…
The nurse instructs a laboring client…
When assessing a client who is at 12 w…
In developing a teaching plan for expe…
B. Extend the leg and dorsiflex the foot.
c. have the client breathe into her cupped hands.
D. At 30 weeks gestation.
D. anterior fontanel closes at 12 to 18 months and the poster…
28 year old client in active labor com…
B. Extend the leg and dorsiflex the foot.
The nurse instructs a laboring client…
c. have the client breathe into her cupped hands.
151 termscreated on January 20, 2017
2016 BASI Exam 8 - Everything
Dermis or epidermis: rete ridges
Dermis or epidermis: dermal papilla
Is the epidermis vascularized?
Is the dermis vascularized?
epidermis
dermis
no
yes
Dermis or epidermis: rete ridges
epidermis
Dermis or epidermis: dermal papilla
dermis
128 termscreated on January 20, 2017
2016 BASI Exam 10 - stuff to remember
Koplick's spots - which disease?
Rubella or rubeola - children often es…
Which is dangerous to the fetus, rubeo…
What are the three Cs of rubeola?
rubeola (measles)
rubella
rubella
coryza, cough, conjunctivitis
Koplick's spots - which disease?
rubeola (measles)
Rubella or rubeola - children often es…
rubella
31 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Neuro: Infections of the CNS; Dr.Ferreira
Bacterial infection of subarachnoid sp…
Viral infection of cereal parenchyma
Pt has fever, nuchal rigidity and head…
Reluctance to allow full extension of…
Meningntitis ... ** Un treated = 100% mortality... TQ
Encephalitis ... TQ
Meningitis
Kerning sign ... TQ
Bacterial infection of subarachnoid sp…
Meningntitis ... ** Un treated = 100% mortality... TQ
Viral infection of cereal parenchyma
Encephalitis ... TQ
27 termscreated on January 20, 2017
NESA Annual Mandatory Test
How are blood-borne pathogens spread?
What do you do if you are exposed to b…
Post-exposure treatment of blood-borne…
What is the best way to prevent the sp…
1. Pathogen present in quantity large enough to cause disease…
- Wash area with soap and water.*... - If a mucous membrane, flu…
- Anti-retroviral drugs... - Start treatment within 24 hours.***…
Standard precautions
How are blood-borne pathogens spread?
1. Pathogen present in quantity large enough to cause disease…
What do you do if you are exposed to b…
- Wash area with soap and water.*... - If a mucous membrane, flu…
67 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Respiratory Exam 2 BUGS AND DRUGS
Single largest infectious cause of dea…
Endogenous pathogen acquisition is mos…
Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Legionella…
Streptococcus pneumoniae, Mycoplasma p…
Pneumonia
Immunocompromised patients
Intracellular
Extracellular
Single largest infectious cause of dea…
Pneumonia
Endogenous pathogen acquisition is mos…
Immunocompromised patients
38 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Teas 6 /science ( immune system)
the immune system prevents
the immune system prevents the entry o…
if the barriers of the immune system f…
another function of the immune system…
entry of pathogens
having the presence of barriers composed of the skin and secr…
the adaptive immune system specifically identifies, targets a…
protect the body from pathogen attack while allowing harmless…
the immune system prevents
entry of pathogens
the immune system prevents the entry o…
having the presence of barriers composed of the skin and secr…
47 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Patho- Renal
RBC casts in urine
Renal Tubular casts in urine
WBC casts in urine
Fatty casts in urine
renal cast in nephritic syndrome
renal cast seen in renal tubular necrosis
renal cast seen in Kidney infection
renal cast seen in Nephrotic Syndrome
RBC casts in urine
renal cast in nephritic syndrome
Renal Tubular casts in urine
renal cast seen in renal tubular necrosis
18 termscreated on January 20, 2017
13. subversion of host responses
Antigenic variation
Strep. pneumo. antigenic variation mec…
Influenza virus uses 2 forms of antige…
Influenza virus antigenic drift
- display of new/altered antigens by a pathogen... - lets pathog…
- 84 distinct serotypes that differ in structure of capsular…
- antigenic drift... - antigenic shift
- influenza makes 2 surface proteins: neuraminidase and hemag…
Antigenic variation
- display of new/altered antigens by a pathogen... - lets pathog…
Strep. pneumo. antigenic variation mec…
- 84 distinct serotypes that differ in structure of capsular…
16 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Health Occ Midterm Reproductive System
what does abstinence mean
what are some problems abstinence can…
what percent of new HIV infections occ…
how do you most young people who get i…
no sexual intercourse
cervical cancer, STDs, UTIs, unplanned pregnancy
50%
protected sex
what does abstinence mean
no sexual intercourse
what are some problems abstinence can…
cervical cancer, STDs, UTIs, unplanned pregnancy
25 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Week 2 Abbreviations
CPK
CRF
CSF
CT
creatine phosphokinase
chronic renal failure
cerebrospinal fluid
computerized tomography
CPK
creatine phosphokinase
CRF
chronic renal failure
19 termscreated on January 20, 2017
RN Infection & HIV
Localized Infection
Disseminated Infection
Systemic Infection
When are Standard Precautions Used
Limited to a small area
Spread to areas of the body beyond the initial site of the in…
Spread extensively throughout the body, often via the blood
-Care for all patients in hospitals or other health care faci…
Localized Infection
Limited to a small area
Disseminated Infection
Spread to areas of the body beyond the initial site of the in…
11 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Bio 304 Set 1
What is microevolution?
What are key forms of microevolution?
What is macroevolution?
What are zoonoses?
Processes within species and populations. Happening now.
Mutation, Selection, Genetic drift, migration, and non-random…
Conditions and processes that give rise to species (speciation)
Diseases that can transfer between species
What is microevolution?
Processes within species and populations. Happening now.
What are key forms of microevolution?
Mutation, Selection, Genetic drift, migration, and non-random…
21 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Special Topics in Speech Language pathology
client centered theory of counseling
behavioral theory
cognitive behavioral theory
common defense mechanisms
clients need acceptance and positive unconditional regard in…
focus on what is osbervable, with an emphasis on enviironment…
clients thoughts are key to his feelings and action. clinicia…
rationaliszation- providing a logical but untrue explanation…
client centered theory of counseling
clients need acceptance and positive unconditional regard in…
behavioral theory
focus on what is osbervable, with an emphasis on enviironment…
10 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Therapeutic Areas/Studies
What is abacavir for?
What is a side effect of abacavir?
What is Trastuzumab?
What is a side effect of Trastuzumab?
infectious disease, treat HIV
Hypersensitivity with patients with HLA-B*5701 screening.
Oncology drug, used to treat breast, stomach, and esophageal…
-5% risk of cardiomyopathy via Cardiotoxicity in Ile655Val va…
What is abacavir for?
infectious disease, treat HIV
What is a side effect of abacavir?
Hypersensitivity with patients with HLA-B*5701 screening.
38 termscreated on January 20, 2017
1/20 Kang Platelets
Platelets (lifespan, place of destruct…
What are the main organelles of platel…
What does the Dense tubule system serv…
What does GPIa bind to?
- Lifespan is around 9-10 days... - Platelets are destroyed by t…
- Dense tubule system... - Cytoskeleton... - Platelet granules
- Serves to store calcium, and is a site for the synthesis of…
collagen
Platelets (lifespan, place of destruct…
- Lifespan is around 9-10 days... - Platelets are destroyed by t…
What are the main organelles of platel…
- Dense tubule system... - Cytoskeleton... - Platelet granules
179 termscreated on January 20, 2017
AP Biology final exam
diabetes mellitus type 1 or juvenile d…
the cell mediated response is often pa…
plasma cells are
which components of the eye are areas…
to increase a persons blood glucose levels
body cell infected with pathogen-tcr on t cell-activated cyto…
cells that make copious amounts of antibodies
antigens
diabetes mellitus type 1 or juvenile d…
to increase a persons blood glucose levels
the cell mediated response is often pa…
body cell infected with pathogen-tcr on t cell-activated cyto…
27 termscreated on January 20, 2017
What do I have - Cariopulmonary
Pulses decreased to absent... Pain is bru…
Inflammatory diseaes of small artierie…
Inappropriate elevation of blood gluco…
Mostly female... Spasm of small arteries…
Occlusive Peripheral Arterial disease
Burger's Disesea
Diabetic Angiography
Raynaud's
Pulses decreased to absent... Pain is bru…
Occlusive Peripheral Arterial disease
Inflammatory diseaes of small artierie…
Burger's Disesea
27 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Infectious diseases
What causes infectious diseases?
What is another name for a infectious…
How many people do infectious diseases…
Signs & symptoms
Caused by microorganisms living in or on himans animals of pl…
Communicable disease- because they can be transmitted from on…
17 million
-fever... -change in skin color ... -altered breath ... -abnormal puls…
What causes infectious diseases?
Caused by microorganisms living in or on himans animals of pl…
What is another name for a infectious…
Communicable disease- because they can be transmitted from on…
34 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Yoost- Asepsis and Infection control ch 26
infection
asepsis
normal flora
second line of defense
establishment of a pathogen in a host
freedom from and prevention of disease causing contamination
non disease causing microorganisms that live on/in body... fo…
inflammatory rsps- local rsp to to cellular injury or infecti…
infection
establishment of a pathogen in a host
asepsis
freedom from and prevention of disease causing contamination
13 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Wound Care MOD 2B: Diseases & Healing
Which disease alters the micro & macro…
Which disease treatment is to maximize…
Which disease suppresses collagen synt…
True or False: In HIV the absence of…
b diabetes
b diabetes
c. HIV
True
Which disease alters the micro & macro…
b diabetes
Which disease treatment is to maximize…
b diabetes
60 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Infectious Disease
HIV transmission
course of HIV
primary HIV infection
asymptomatic HIV infection
- usually sexual or parenteral... - other than semen and blood,…
typically:... - primary infection... - asx infection... - symptomatic…
- mononucleosis-like syndrome about 2 to 4 weeks after exposu…
- seropositive but no clinical evidence... - CD4 counts are norm…
HIV transmission
- usually sexual or parenteral... - other than semen and blood,…
course of HIV
typically:... - primary infection... - asx infection... - symptomatic…
15 termscreated on January 20, 2017
IMM11: MHC Genetics
Frequency dependent selection
Heterozygote advantage
Allele
Allelotypes
Individual with the rarest allele has the best chance of surv…
Individual with more alleles/MHC structures can present more,…
Alternative form of a gene found in different individuals
Different/alternative protein forms encoded by alleles
Frequency dependent selection
Individual with the rarest allele has the best chance of surv…
Heterozygote advantage
Individual with more alleles/MHC structures can present more,…
23 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Anti-Virals
Maraviroc
Enfuviritide
Amantadine
Rimantidine
CCR5R antagonist, prevents virus entry into the cell. Used fo…
prevents HIV binding to receptors and viral absorption into t…
blocks virus uncoating, used for type A flu, must be administ…
blocks virus uncoating, used for type A flu, must be administ…
Maraviroc
CCR5R antagonist, prevents virus entry into the cell. Used fo…
Enfuviritide
prevents HIV binding to receptors and viral absorption into t…
10 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chapter 20: Quiz
Plasmid
Lytic Cycle
Halophile
Retrovirus
Accessory rings of DNA in bacterium
Phage causes host cell to produce and release more phage part…
Archaea that thrive in high salt concentrations
Cause HIV and some cancers
Plasmid
Accessory rings of DNA in bacterium
Lytic Cycle
Phage causes host cell to produce and release more phage part…
23 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Antiviral Drugs
Acyclovir and Valacyclovir
Famciclovir --> Prodrug of Penciclovir
Valganciclovir --> Prodrug of Ganciclo…
Cidofovir
Major drug for acute zoster (VZV) and oral & genital herpes (…
Use: VZV; orolabial and genital HSV in HIV+ ... MOA: similar to…
Use: Life threatening CMV disease in immunocompromised host... A…
Use: CMV retinitis. IV must be administered with probenecid w…
Acyclovir and Valacyclovir
Major drug for acute zoster (VZV) and oral & genital herpes (…
Famciclovir --> Prodrug of Penciclovir
Use: VZV; orolabial and genital HSV in HIV+ ... MOA: similar to…
50 termscreated on January 20, 2017
9-10 Study Guide
If you find a job through an internet…
A resignation letter must state a reas…
It is not appropriate to include a vol…
The AIDS virus causes HIV
False
False
False
False
If you find a job through an internet…
False
A resignation letter must state a reas…
False
112 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chp. 8 Infection and Defects in Mechanisms of Defense
communicability
measles and pertussis
HIV
infectivity
ability to spread from one individual to others and cause dis…
two examples of high communicability (spread easily)
low communicability
ability of pathogen to invade and multiply in the host; invol…
communicability
ability to spread from one individual to others and cause dis…
measles and pertussis
two examples of high communicability (spread easily)
175 termscreated on January 20, 2017
abbreviations
AIDS
ASD
ASCVD
ASHD
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
atrial septal defect
arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease
arteriosclerotic heart disease
AIDS
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
ASD
atrial septal defect
6 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Antivirals
Foscarnet -class, MOA, use, tox
Cidofovir
Acyclovir
Lamivudine
Viral DNA/RNA polymerase inhibitor & HIV reverse transcriptas…
Viral DNa polymerase ihibitor. Does not need viral kinase... CMV…
use: HSV... Tox: crystal nephropathy and nuerotoxicity (delirium…
nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor... use: HIV... Tox: peri…
Foscarnet -class, MOA, use, tox
Viral DNA/RNA polymerase inhibitor & HIV reverse transcriptas…
Cidofovir
Viral DNa polymerase ihibitor. Does not need viral kinase... CMV…
28 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Pharmacology: Immune Systems
active immunity
Passive Immunity
Contraindications:
Side effets
Administration of an antigen to induce antibody formation... Vac…
serum from immune people ... Immune globulin products
immunosuppressant treatment, immunodeficiency states hematolo…
Pain at injection site... Fever, malaise, muscle ache... Anaphylaxis
active immunity
Administration of an antigen to induce antibody formation... Vac…
Passive Immunity
serum from immune people ... Immune globulin products
38 termscreated on January 20, 2017
The Immune System
What are antigens?
Where are antigens discovered and what…
What is a phagocyte
Phagocytosis process
Molecules that can generate an immune response when detected
On the surface of cells and are used to identify pathogens, a…
White blood cell found in tissues and are the first to respon…
Phagocyte recognises the foreign antigens on a pathogen. Phag…
What are antigens?
Molecules that can generate an immune response when detected
Where are antigens discovered and what…
On the surface of cells and are used to identify pathogens, a…
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