Study sets matching "holt biology"

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Study sets matching "holt biology"

holt biology
water cycle
evaporation
condensation
precipitation
the continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surf…
a process at which molecules at the surface of a liquid absor…
water vapor cools and becomes a liquid
when water in the form of ice, rain, sleet, hail, or snow, fa…
water cycle
the continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surf…
evaporation
a process at which molecules at the surface of a liquid absor…
27 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 3
light microscope
electron microscope
magnification
resolution
microscope that uses a beam of light passing through one or m…
a microscope that focuses a beam of electrons to magnify obje…
the increase of an object's apparent size by using lenses or…
in microscopes, the ability to form images with fine detail
light microscope
microscope that uses a beam of light passing through one or m…
electron microscope
a microscope that focuses a beam of electrons to magnify obje…
20 terms
Holt Biology - Chapter 04
active transport
carrier protein
concentration gradient
contractile vacuoles
The transport of a substance across the cell membrane against…
A transport protein that can bind to a specific substance on…
A difference in the concentration of a substance, such as the…
Organelles found in some unicellular eukaryotes that collect…
active transport
The transport of a substance across the cell membrane against…
carrier protein
A transport protein that can bind to a specific substance on…
35 terms
Holt Biology - Chapter 03
cell membrane
cell theory
cell wall
central vacuole
a phospholipid layer that covers a cell's surface and acts as…
The theory that statesthat all living things are made up of c…
A rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane and provid…
Alarge cavity or sac that is found in plant cells or protozoa…
cell membrane
a phospholipid layer that covers a cell's surface and acts as…
cell theory
The theory that statesthat all living things are made up of c…
19 terms
Holt Biology - Chapter 10
anticodon
codon
exon
gene expression
A region of tRNA that consists of three bases complementary t…
In DNA, a three nucleotide sequence that encodes an amino aci…
The portion of the DNA Sequence in a gene that contains the s…
The manifestation of the genetic material of an organism in t…
anticodon
A region of tRNA that consists of three bases complementary t…
codon
In DNA, a three nucleotide sequence that encodes an amino aci…
39 terms
Holt Biology - Chapter 01
biology
cancer
cells
cystic fibrosis
The study of life.
A growth defect in cells , a breakdown of the mechanism that…
Highly organized, tiny structures with thin membrane covering…
A fatal disorder in which a thick, sticky mucus clogs passage…
biology
The study of life.
cancer
A growth defect in cells , a breakdown of the mechanism that…
38 terms
Holt Biology - Chapter 16
biomass
carnivore
consumer
decomposer
The dry weight of tissue and other organic matter found in a…
Animals that eat herbivores; secondary consumers.
Organisms that eat plants or other organisms to obtain the en…
Bacteria and fungi that cause decay and releases nutrients ba…
biomass
The dry weight of tissue and other organic matter found in a…
carnivore
Animals that eat herbivores; secondary consumers.
26 terms
Holt Biology - Chapter 20
aerobic
anaerobic
antibiotic
bacillus
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
Describes a process that does not require oxygen.
A substance that can inhibit the growth or kill some microorg…
A rod-shaped bacterium.
aerobic
Describes a process that requires oxygen.
anaerobic
Describes a process that does not require oxygen.
29 terms
Holt Biology - Chapter 38
ABO blood group system
alveolus
anemia
aorta
A system used to classify human blood by antigens found on th…
Any of the tiny air cells of the lungs where oxygen and carbo…
A condition in which the oxygen-carrying ability of red blood…
The main artery in the body; it carries blood from the left v…
ABO blood group system
A system used to classify human blood by antigens found on th…
alveolus
Any of the tiny air cells of the lungs where oxygen and carbo…
32 terms
Holt Biology - Chapter 40
1° non-specific defense
2°non-specific defense
AIDS
antibody
The body's surface defenses such as skin, oil, sweat, tears,…
The four non-specific defenses of the body when it is invaded…
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is the disease caused by H…
A defensive protein produced upon exposure to a specific anti…
1° non-specific defense
The body's surface defenses such as skin, oil, sweat, tears,…
2°non-specific defense
The four non-specific defenses of the body when it is invaded…
Holt Biology Chapter 4
Passive Transport
Concentration Gradient
Equilibrium
Diffusion
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
A state of balance
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Passive Transport
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
Concentration Gradient
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
29 terms
Holt Biology - Chapter 39
amylase
anorexia nervosa
bile
body mass index (BMI)
Enzymes that begin the breakdown of carbohydrates such as sta…
An eating disorder in which people starve themselves.
A greenish fluid produced by the liver, that breaks fat globu…
A health scale determined by multiplying a person's weight in…
amylase
Enzymes that begin the breakdown of carbohydrates such as sta…
anorexia nervosa
An eating disorder in which people starve themselves.
12 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 4
community
ecosystem
habitat
biodiversity
a group of various species that live in the same habitat and…
a community of organisms and their abiotic environment
a place where an organism usually lives
the variety of organisms in a given area, the genetic variati…
community
a group of various species that live in the same habitat and…
ecosystem
a community of organisms and their abiotic environment
Holt Biology Chapter 1
Biology
Cell
reproduction
metabolism
The study of life
smallest unit capable of all life functions
process by which organisms make more of their own kind from o…
the sum of all chemical reactions carried out in an organism
Biology
The study of life
Cell
smallest unit capable of all life functions
19 terms
Holt Biology - Chapter 10
anticodon
codon
exon
gene expression
A region of tRNA that consists of three bases complementary t…
In mRNA, a three nucleotide sequence that encodes an amino ac…
The portion of the DNA Sequence in a gene that contains the s…
The manifestation of the genetic material of an organism in t…
anticodon
A region of tRNA that consists of three bases complementary t…
codon
In mRNA, a three nucleotide sequence that encodes an amino ac…
37 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 34
Stem cell
Epithelial tissue
Nervous tissue
Connective tissue
A cell that can develop into many different types of cells
Tissue that covers a body surface or lines a body cavity
Tissue of the nervous system, including neurons and their sup…
Tissue that connects and supports other tissues
Stem cell
A cell that can develop into many different types of cells
Epithelial tissue
Tissue that covers a body surface or lines a body cavity
25 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 3
light microscope
electron microscope
magnification
resolution
microscope that uses a beam of light passing through one or m…
a microscope that focuses a beam of electrons to magnify obje…
the increase of an object's apparent size by using lenses or…
in microscopes, the ability to form images with fine detail
light microscope
microscope that uses a beam of light passing through one or m…
electron microscope
a microscope that focuses a beam of electrons to magnify obje…
25 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 3
light microscope
electron microscope
magnification
resolution
microscope that uses a beam of light passing through one or m…
a microscope that focuses a beam of electrons to magnify obje…
the increase of an object's apparent size by using lenses or…
in microscopes, the ability to form images with fine detail
light microscope
microscope that uses a beam of light passing through one or m…
electron microscope
a microscope that focuses a beam of electrons to magnify obje…
26 terms
Holt Biology - Chp.1
biology
cancer
cells
control group
The study of life.
A growth defect in cells , a breakdown of the mechanism that…
Highly organized, tiny structures with thin membrane covering…
a group in an experiment that receives no experimental treatm…
biology
The study of life.
cancer
A growth defect in cells , a breakdown of the mechanism that…
13 terms
Holt Biology Ch.1 Vocabulary
biosphere
metabolism
DNA
homeostasis
all organisms and the part of Earth where they exist
all chemical process that synthesize or break down materials…
molecule that stores genetic information in all organisms
regulation and maintenance of constant internal conditions in…
biosphere
all organisms and the part of Earth where they exist
metabolism
all chemical process that synthesize or break down materials…
141 terms
Holt Biology Midterm (EOC)
Sex Cells
Homologous Chromosomes
Autosome
Sex Chromosomes
Gametes
Have same length and general appearance
Chromosomes that contain genes for characteristics not direct…
Directly control the development of sexual characteristics.
Sex Cells
Gametes
Homologous Chromosomes
Have same length and general appearance
11 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 4
Passive Transport
Concentration Gradient
Equilibrium
Diffusion
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
A state of balance
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Passive Transport
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
Concentration Gradient
A difference in the concentration of a substance across a dis…
90 terms
Holt Biology Midterm (EOC)
Sex Cells
Homologous Chromosomes
Autosome
Sex Chromosomes
Gametes
Have same length and general appearance
Chromosomes that contain genes for characteristics not direct…
Directly control the development of sexual characteristics.
Sex Cells
Gametes
Homologous Chromosomes
Have same length and general appearance
16 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 4
community
ecosystem
habitat
biodiversity
a group of various species that live in the same habitat and…
a community of organisms and their abiotic environment
a place where an organism usually lives
the variety of organisms in a given area, the genetic variati…
community
a group of various species that live in the same habitat and…
ecosystem
a community of organisms and their abiotic environment
19 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 6
gametes
binary fission
gene
chromosomes
an organism's reproductive cell, such as sperm or egg cells
A form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
A segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNA molecule
the DNA and the proteins assoicated with the DNA
gametes
an organism's reproductive cell, such as sperm or egg cells
binary fission
A form of asexual reproduction that produces identical offspr…
Chapter 1 holt biology
cells
reproduction
metabolism
unicellular
The basic unit of all living things
the process of producing offspring
set of chemical reactions through which an organism builds up…
having or consisting of a single cell
cells
The basic unit of all living things
reproduction
the process of producing offspring
12 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 4
community
ecosystem
habitat
biodiversity
a group of various species that live in the same habitat and…
a community of organisms and their abiotic environment
a place where an organism usually lives
the variety of organisms in a given area, the genetic variati…
community
a group of various species that live in the same habitat and…
ecosystem
a community of organisms and their abiotic environment
Holt Biology Chapter One
biosphere
biodiversity
species
biology
...
...
...
...
biosphere
...
biodiversity
...
29 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 41
neuron
dendrite
axon
nerves
nerve cells that transmit information throughout the body
extensions of the nerve cell body that receives information f…
long membrane-covered extensions of the cytoplasm that conduc…
bundles of axons
neuron
nerve cells that transmit information throughout the body
dendrite
extensions of the nerve cell body that receives information f…
13 terms
Holt biology chapter 9
Vaccine
Virulent
Transformation
Bacteriophage
A substance prepared from killed or weakened pathogens and in…
Describes a micro-organism or virus that causes disease
The transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments…
A virus that infects bacteria
Vaccine
A substance prepared from killed or weakened pathogens and in…
Virulent
Describes a micro-organism or virus that causes disease
26 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 1
Biology
Cell
reproduction
metabolism
The study of life
smallest unit capable of all life functions
process by which organisms make more of their own kind from o…
the sum of all chemical reactions carried out in an organism
Biology
The study of life
Cell
smallest unit capable of all life functions
16 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 17
Coevolution
Predation
Parasitism
Secondary compound
Back and forth adjustments between interacting members of a c…
one organism killing for food
one organism feeds on and usually lives on or in another, typ…
Defensive chemicals in plants
Coevolution
Back and forth adjustments between interacting members of a c…
Predation
one organism killing for food
13 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 5
population
carrying capacity
predation
coevolution
a group of organisms of the same species that live in a speci…
the largest population that an environment can support at a g…
an interaction between two organisms which one organism, the…
the evolution of tow or more species that is due to mutual in…
population
a group of organisms of the same species that live in a speci…
carrying capacity
the largest population that an environment can support at a g…
Holt Biology Chapter 4
community
ecosystem
habitat
biodiversity
a group of various species that live in the same habitat and…
a community of organisms and their abiotic environment
a place where an organism usually lives
the variety of organisms in a given area, the genetic variati…
community
a group of various species that live in the same habitat and…
ecosystem
a community of organisms and their abiotic environment
8 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 2
epidemiology
vaccination
genetics
genome
the study of distribution of diseases in populations and the…
the administration of treated microorganisms into humans or a…
the science of heredity and of the mechanisms by which traits…
the complete genetic material contained in an individual or s…
epidemiology
the study of distribution of diseases in populations and the…
vaccination
the administration of treated microorganisms into humans or a…
14 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 1
skepticism
observation
hypothesis
experiment
a habit of mind in which a person questions the validity of a…
the process of obtaining information by using the senses
a testable idea or explanation that leads to scientific inves…
a procedure that is carried out under controlled conditions t…
skepticism
a habit of mind in which a person questions the validity of a…
observation
the process of obtaining information by using the senses
27 terms
Holt Biology Ch 2
Atom
Element
Compound
Covalent Bond
smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down by chemica…
a pure substance made of only one kind of atom
a substance made of the joined atoms of two or more different…
A bond between two atoms that share an electron
Atom
smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down by chemica…
Element
a pure substance made of only one kind of atom
16 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 4
community
ecosystem
habitat
biodiversity
a group of various species that live in the same habitat and…
a community of organisms and their abiotic environment
a place where an organism usually lives
the variety of organisms in a given area, the genetic variati…
community
a group of various species that live in the same habitat and…
ecosystem
a community of organisms and their abiotic environment
Holt Biology Chapter 12
Radiometric Dating
Half Life
Miller-Urey Experiment
Bubble Model
Guessing the age of an object based on it's number of radiois…
The span in which half of a radioisotope's stuff decays.
An experiment meant to test the primordial soup theory in whi…
A theory proposed by Louis Lerman that said the processes nee…
Radiometric Dating
Guessing the age of an object based on it's number of radiois…
Half Life
The span in which half of a radioisotope's stuff decays.
23 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Holt
Passive Transport
Diffusion
Equilibrium
Diffusion across a membrane
Doesn't use energy. Movement of substances across cell membra…
Movement of molecules from high concentration to low and lead…
When the molecules become equal.
Molecules that can dissolve in lipids.
Passive Transport
Doesn't use energy. Movement of substances across cell membra…
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from high concentration to low and lead…
13 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 5
population
carrying capacity
predation
coevolution
a group of organisms of the same species that live in a speci…
the largest population that an environment can support at a g…
an interaction between two organisms which one organism, the…
the evolution of tow or more species that is due to mutual in…
population
a group of organisms of the same species that live in a speci…
carrying capacity
the largest population that an environment can support at a g…
173 terms
Holt Biology Final
Somatic Cells
Sex Cells
Homologous Chromosomes
Autosome
Body cells
Gametes
Have same length and general appearance
Chromosomes that contain genes for characteristics not direct…
Somatic Cells
Body cells
Sex Cells
Gametes
Holt Biology Chapter 21
plasmodium is a member of this phylum
general name for a type of reproductio…
type of reproduction when genetic mate…
phylum that includes the paramecium
sporozoa
asexual
sexual
ciliophora
plasmodium is a member of this phylum
sporozoa
general name for a type of reproductio…
asexual
23 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 3
cohesion
adhesion
solution
acid
the force that holds molecules of a single material together
the attractive force between two bodies of different substanc…
a homogeneous mixture throughout which two or more substances…
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
cohesion
the force that holds molecules of a single material together
adhesion
the attractive force between two bodies of different substanc…
Chapter 7 holt biology
meiosis
crossing-over
independent assortment
spermatogenesis
A process in cell division during which the number of chromos…
The exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosom…
The random distribution of the pairs of genes on different ch…
The process by which make gametes form
meiosis
A process in cell division during which the number of chromos…
crossing-over
The exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosom…
13 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 7 Vocab
cell membrane
cytoplasm
ribosome
prokaryote
phospholipid bilayer that acts as a barrier
inside of the cell, made of cytosol and organelles
organelle where proteins are made
unicellular organism; cells with no nucleus; no membrane-boun…
cell membrane
phospholipid bilayer that acts as a barrier
cytoplasm
inside of the cell, made of cytosol and organelles
17 terms
Holt Biology Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Passive Transport
Concentration Gradient
Equilibrium
Diffusion
Category of molecular movement that moves the substance ALONG…
Difference in the concentration of a substance across a space…
The concentration of a substance is equal throughout a space.
Movement of a substance down the substance's concentration gr…
Passive Transport
Category of molecular movement that moves the substance ALONG…
Concentration Gradient
Difference in the concentration of a substance across a space…
Biology Ch 13 Holt Mcdougal
Ecology
Community
Ecosystem
Biome
The study of the interactions of living organisms with one an…
A group of various species that live in the same habitat and…
A community of organisms and their abiotic environment.
A large region characterized by a specific type of climate an…
Ecology
The study of the interactions of living organisms with one an…
Community
A group of various species that live in the same habitat and…
Holt Biology Chapter 1
Biology
Cell
reproduction
metabolism
The study of life
smallest unit capable of all life functions
process by which organisms make more of their own kind from o…
the sum of all chemical reactions carried out in an organism
Biology
The study of life
Cell
smallest unit capable of all life functions
Holt Biology Chapter 5
photosynthesis
autotroph
heterotroph
cellular respiration
The process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
the process by which cells produce energy from carbohydrates;…
photosynthesis
The process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
autotroph
An organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
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