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Study sets matching "holt physical science"

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Study sets matching "holt physical science"

31 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter 3
states of matter
solid
liquid
gas
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
the state of matter that has a definite volume but not a defi…
the form of matter that does not have a definite volume or sh…
states of matter
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
solid
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
21 terms
Holt Physical Science - Chapter 3
States of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
the physical forms in which a substance can exist; states inc…
the state in which matter has a definite shape and volume
the state in which matter take the shape of its container and…
the state in which matter changes in both shape and volume
States of Matter
the physical forms in which a substance can exist; states inc…
Solid
the state in which matter has a definite shape and volume
36 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter 3
states of matter
solid
liquid
viscosity
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
the state of matter that has a definite volume but not a defi…
the resistance of a gas or liquid to flow
states of matter
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
solid
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
14 terms
Holt Physical Science Ch 4
Element
Pure Substance
Metals
Nonmetals
Pure substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances
Substance in which there is only one type of particle
Group of elements that are shiny, conduct heat energy and ele…
Group of elements that do not conduct heat or electric curren…
Element
Pure substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances
Pure Substance
Substance in which there is only one type of particle
13 terms
Holt Physical Science Ch 1
Process of gathering knowledge about t…
Study of matter and energy
Ways in which scientists answer questi…
Any use of the senses to gather inform…
Science
Physical Science
Scientific methods
Observation
Process of gathering knowledge about t…
Science
Study of matter and energy
Physical Science
42 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter 3
states of matter
solid
liquid
viscosity
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
the state of matter that has a definite volume but not a defi…
the resistance of a gas or liquid to flow
states of matter
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
solid
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
15 terms
Holt Physical Science - Chapter 1
Physical Science
Scientific Method
Technology
Observation
the study of matter and energy
series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and s…
is the application of knowledge, tools, and materials to solv…
is any use of the senses to gather information
Physical Science
the study of matter and energy
Scientific Method
series of steps that scientists use to answer questions and s…
16 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter 3
states of matter
solid
liquid
gas
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
the state of matter that has a definite volume but not a defi…
the form of matter that does not have a definite volume or sh…
states of matter
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
solid
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
11 terms
Holt Physical Science Ch 2
Anything that has mass and takes up sp…
Amount of space taken up or occupied b…
Curve at the surface of a liquid
Amount of matter in an object
Matter
Volume
Meniscus
Mass
Anything that has mass and takes up sp…
Matter
Amount of space taken up or occupied b…
Volume
17 terms
Holt Physical Science Ch 3
States of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Surface Tension
Physical forms in which a substance can exist
State of matter that has definite shape and volume
State of matter that has definite volume but takes the shape…
Force that acts on the particles at the surface of a liquid
States of Matter
Physical forms in which a substance can exist
Solid
State of matter that has definite shape and volume
17 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter 15
sound wave
pitch
infrasound
Ultrasound
a longitudinal wave that is caused by vibrations and that tra…
a measure of how high or low a sound is perceived to be depen…
slow vibrations of frequencies lower than 20 Hz
any sound wave with frequencies higher than 20,000 Hz
sound wave
a longitudinal wave that is caused by vibrations and that tra…
pitch
a measure of how high or low a sound is perceived to be depen…
36 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter 3
states of matter
solid
liquid
viscosity
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
the state of matter that has a definite volume but not a defi…
the resistance of a gas or liquid to flow
states of matter
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, ga…
solid
A form of matter that has a definite shape and volume
11 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter: 13
Temperature
Thermometer
Absolute zero
Heat
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
An instrument that measures and indicates temperature.
The temperature at which molecular energy is at a minimum (0…
The energy transferred between objects that are at different…
Temperature
A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
Thermometer
An instrument that measures and indicates temperature.
9 terms
Holt Physical Science - Chapter 13
Chemical Bonding
Chemical Bond
Valence Electrons
Ionic Bond
...
...
...
...
Chemical Bonding
...
Chemical Bond
...
13 terms
Holt Physical Science - Chapter 4
Element
Pure Substance
Metals
Nonmetals
a pure substance that cannot be separated or broken down into…
a substance in which there is only one type of particle; incl…
elements that are shiny and are good conductors of thermal en…
elements that are dull and are poor conductors of thermal ene…
Element
a pure substance that cannot be separated or broken down into…
Pure Substance
a substance in which there is only one type of particle; incl…
12 terms
Holt Physical Science - Chapter 2
Matter
Volume
Meniscus
Mass
is anything that has volume or mass
the amount of space taken up, or occupied by an object
the curve that you see at the liquid's surface
is the amount of matter that something is made of
Matter
is anything that has volume or mass
Volume
the amount of space taken up, or occupied by an object
16 terms
Holt Physical Science - Chapter 3
States of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
the physical forms in which a substance can exist; states inc…
the state in which matter has a definite shape and volume
the state in which matter take the shape of its container and…
the state in which matter changes in both shape and volume
States of Matter
the physical forms in which a substance can exist; states inc…
Solid
the state in which matter has a definite shape and volume
11 terms
Holt Physical Science - Chapter 5
Motion
Speed
Velocity
Acceleration
an object's change in position over time when compared with a…
the rate at which an object moves; speed depends on the dista…
the speed of an object in a particular direction
the rate at which velocity changes; an object accelerates if…
Motion
an object's change in position over time when compared with a…
Speed
the rate at which an object moves; speed depends on the dista…
15 terms
physical science, holt science and technology
physical science
scientific method
technology
observation
the study of matter and energy
a series of steps that a scientist follows to figure out a pr…
applied science, inventions to make life easier/better
use of senses to gather info
physical science
the study of matter and energy
scientific method
a series of steps that a scientist follows to figure out a pr…
5 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter: 6
chemical bond
chemical structure
bond length
bond angle
the attractive force that holds atoms or ions together
the arrangement of atoms in a substance
the average distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms
the angle formed by two bonds to the same atom
chemical bond
the attractive force that holds atoms or ions together
chemical structure
the arrangement of atoms in a substance
6 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter: 8
acid
indicator
electrolyte
base
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
a compound that can reversibly change color depending on the…
a substance that dissolves in water to give a solution that c…
any compound that increases the number of hydroxide ions when…
acid
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
indicator
a compound that can reversibly change color depending on the…
8 terms
HOLT Physical Science Chapter 12
gravity
weight
mass
terminal velocity
a force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
a measure of the gravitational force exerted on an object; it…
a measure of the amount of matter in an object (TOOL:balance)
the constant velocity of a falling object when the force of a…
gravity
a force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
weight
a measure of the gravitational force exerted on an object; it…
11 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter 15
spectrum
apparent magnitude
absolute magnitude
light year
The band of colors produced when white light passes through a…
The brightness of a star as seen from earth.
The brightness that a star would have at a distance of 32.6 l…
The distance that light travels in one year; about 94.6 trill…
spectrum
The band of colors produced when white light passes through a…
apparent magnitude
The brightness of a star as seen from earth.
16 terms
Holt Physical Science - Chapter 8
Work
Joule
Power
Watt
the action that results when a force causes an object to move…
the unit used to express work and energy; equivalent to the n…
the rate at which work is done
the unit used to express power; equivalent to joules per seco…
Work
the action that results when a force causes an object to move…
Joule
the unit used to express work and energy; equivalent to the n…
13 terms
Holt Physical Science - Chapter 4
Element
Pure Substance
Metals
Nonmetals
a pure substance that cannot be separated or broken down into…
a substance in which there is only one type of particle; incl…
elements that are shiny and are good conductors of thermal en…
elements that are dull and are poor conductors of thermal ene…
Element
a pure substance that cannot be separated or broken down into…
Pure Substance
a substance in which there is only one type of particle; incl…
18 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter 2
Melting Point
Boiling point
Density
Reactivity
the temperature and pressure at which a solid becomes a liquid
the temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to…
Ratio of the mass of a substance to the substance
The capacity of a substance to combine chemically with anothe…
Melting Point
the temperature and pressure at which a solid becomes a liquid
Boiling point
the temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to…
11 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter 14
temperature
thermometer
absolute zero
heat
a measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
an instrument that measures and indicates temperature
the temperature at which molecular energy is at a minimum (0…
the energy transferred between objects that are at different…
temperature
a measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
thermometer
an instrument that measures and indicates temperature
71 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter: 7
Radioactivity
Radon
Nuclear Decay
Nuclear Radiation
Process by which an unstable nucleus emits one or more partic…
Changes through radioactivity; affects lungs; found in houses…
Unstable nuclei (go thru change) → emit particles/ release en…
charged particles or energy emitted by an unstable nucleus (r…
Radioactivity
Process by which an unstable nucleus emits one or more partic…
Radon
Changes through radioactivity; affects lungs; found in houses…
34 terms
Holt physical Science Chapter 5
An element is made up of only one type…
An element is a pure substance that ca…
Every element has a unique property, i…
Characteristic properties like boiling…
What is an element made up of?
What is an element?
What does every element have?
What does a characteristic property depend on?
An element is made up of only one type…
What is an element made up of?
An element is a pure substance that ca…
What is an element?
16 terms
Holt Physical Science - Chapter 8
Work
Joule
Power
Watt
the action that results when a force causes an object to move…
the unit used to express work and energy; equivalent to the n…
the rate at which work is done
the unit used to express power; equivalent to joules per seco…
Work
the action that results when a force causes an object to move…
Joule
the unit used to express work and energy; equivalent to the n…
11 terms
Holt Physical Science - Chapter 9
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Mechanical Energy
the ability to do work
the energy of motion, kinetic energy depends of speed and mass
the energy of position of shape
the total energy of motion and position of an object
Energy
the ability to do work
Kinetic Energy
the energy of motion, kinetic energy depends of speed and mass
18 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter 16
electric charge
electrical conductor
electrical insulator
electrical field
an electrical property of matter that creates electric and ma…
a material that can transfer electricity
a material that resists the transfer of electricity
a region in space around a charged object that causes a stati…
electric charge
an electrical property of matter that creates electric and ma…
electrical conductor
a material that can transfer electricity
21 terms
Chap. 17 Physical Science/Holt
Law of electric charges
Electric Force
Electric Field
Friction
Law that states that like charges repel and opposite charges…
The force of attraction or repulsion on a charged particle th…
Space around a charged object in which another charged object…
When electrons are wiped out from one object onto another.
Law of electric charges
Law that states that like charges repel and opposite charges…
Electric Force
The force of attraction or repulsion on a charged particle th…
12 terms
Holt Physical Science - Chapter 7
Fluid
Pressure
Pascal
Atmospheric Pressure
any material that can flow and that takes the shape of its co…
the amount of force exerted on a given area; expressed in pas…
the SI unit of pressure; equal to the force of 1 N exerted ov…
the pressure caused by the weight of the atmosphere
Fluid
any material that can flow and that takes the shape of its co…
Pressure
the amount of force exerted on a given area; expressed in pas…
17 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter 15
sound wave
pitch
infrasound
Ultrasound
a longitudinal wave that is caused by vibrations and that tra…
a measure of how high or low a sound is perceived to be depen…
slow vibrations of frequencies lower than 20 Hz
any sound wave with frequencies higher than 20,000 Hz
sound wave
a longitudinal wave that is caused by vibrations and that tra…
pitch
a measure of how high or low a sound is perceived to be depen…
15 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter: 9
When a heavy nucleus decays, it may em…
A neutron decays to form a proton and…
Alpha particles ....
Beta particles ....
Alpha particles, beta particles, and gamma rays
Beta particle
Are too massive to pass through paper.
Are actually electrons emitted from a decayed neutron.
When a heavy nucleus decays, it may em…
Alpha particles, beta particles, and gamma rays
A neutron decays to form a proton and…
Beta particle
8 terms
Holt Physical Science - Chapter 12
Periodic
Periodic Law
Period
Group
...
...
...
...
Periodic
...
Periodic Law
...
17 terms
Chap. 8 Physical Science/Holt
Work... Formula= F (force) X d (distance)
Joule
Power ... P = W/t
Watt
Transfer of energy to an object by using force that causes th…
Unit used to express energy; equivalent to the amount of work…
The rate at which work is done or energy is transformed.
The unit used to express power; equivalent to joules per seco…
Work... Formula= F (force) X d (distance)
Transfer of energy to an object by using force that causes th…
Joule
Unit used to express energy; equivalent to the amount of work…
17 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter: 2
reactivity
matter
element
atom
the capacity of a substance to combine chemically with anothe…
anything that has mass and takes up space
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
reactivity
the capacity of a substance to combine chemically with anothe…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
11 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter 14
temperature
thermometer
absolute zero
heat
a measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
an instrument that measures and indicates temperature
the temperature at which molecular energy is at a minimum (0…
the energy transferred between objects that are at different…
temperature
a measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a…
thermometer
an instrument that measures and indicates temperature
7 terms
Holt Physical Science Ch 2
Anything that has mass and takes up sp…
Amount of space taken up or occupied b…
Amount of matter in an object
Measure of the gravitational force exe…
Matter
Volume
Mass
Weight
Anything that has mass and takes up sp…
Matter
Amount of space taken up or occupied b…
Volume
20 terms
Holt Physical Science - Chapter 3
States of Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
the physical forms in which a substance can exist; states inc…
the state in which matter has a definite shape and volume
the state in which matter take the shape of its container and…
the state in which matter changes in both shape and volume
States of Matter
the physical forms in which a substance can exist; states inc…
Solid
the state in which matter has a definite shape and volume
16 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter: 6
chemical bond
chemical structure
bond length
bond angle
the attractive force that holds atoms or ions together
the arrangement of atoms in a substance
the average distance between the nuclei of two bonded atoms
the angle formed by two bonds to the same atom
chemical bond
the attractive force that holds atoms or ions together
chemical structure
the arrangement of atoms in a substance
11 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter: 10
If you jog for 1 h and travel 10 km, 1…
_________ is a speed in a certain dire…
An object's speed is a measure of ....
A car travels a distance of 210 mi in…
Average speed
Velocity
How fast the object is moving
Average speed
If you jog for 1 h and travel 10 km, 1…
Average speed
_________ is a speed in a certain dire…
Velocity
8 terms
HOLT Physical Science Chapter 12
gravity
weight
mass
terminal velocity
a force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
a measure of the gravitational force exerted on an object; it…
a measure of the amount of matter in an object (TOOL:balance)
the constant velocity of a falling object when the force of a…
gravity
a force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
weight
a measure of the gravitational force exerted on an object; it…
14 terms
Chap. 20-Physical Science/Holt
Wave
Medium
Transverse Wave
Longitudinal wave
A periodic disturbance in a solid, liquid, or gas as energy i…
A physical environment in which phenomena occur.
A wave in which the particles of the medium move perpendicula…
A wave in which the particles of the medium vibrate parallel…
Wave
A periodic disturbance in a solid, liquid, or gas as energy i…
Medium
A physical environment in which phenomena occur.
14 terms
Chap. 7-Physical Science/Holt
Fluid
Pressure
Pressure Formula
Pascal
A nonsolid state of matter in which the atoms or molecules ar…
The amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface.
force/area
The SI Unit of pressure (symbol, Pa)
Fluid
A nonsolid state of matter in which the atoms or molecules ar…
Pressure
The amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface.
18 terms
holt physical science chapter 6 and 7
atom
electron
nucleus
electron cloud
the smallest particle of an element that still has the proper…
negatively charged particle, its mass is not counted in the m…
center of the atom
region of the atom where electrons are found
atom
the smallest particle of an element that still has the proper…
electron
negatively charged particle, its mass is not counted in the m…
15 terms
Holt Physical Science Chapter: 9
When a heavy nucleus decays, it may em…
A neutron decays to form a proton and…
Alpha particles ....
Beta particles ....
Alpha particles, beta particles, and gamma rays
Beta particle
Are too massive to pass through paper.
Are actually electrons emitted from a decayed neutron.
When a heavy nucleus decays, it may em…
Alpha particles, beta particles, and gamma rays
A neutron decays to form a proton and…
Beta particle
11 terms
Chapter 6/Physical Science-Holt
Acceleration - a=F/M, or F= m x a
Air resistance
Terminal Velocity
Free Fall
Rate at which velocity changes over time.
The force that opposes the motion of objects through air.
The constant velocity of a falling object when the force of a…
The motion of a body when only the force of gravity is acting…
Acceleration - a=F/M, or F= m x a
Rate at which velocity changes over time.
Air resistance
The force that opposes the motion of objects through air.
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