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Study sets matching "hominids evolution"

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Study sets matching "hominids evolution"

8 terms
Evolution of hominids
Ardipithecus
Australopithecus afarensis
Australopithecus africanus
Homo habilis
"Ardi."... - One of earliest hominids,... - Mixture between primate…
"Lucy."... - Early hominid,... - Bipedal, but toe and finger length…
- Early hominid,... - Taller and slimmer than Lucy,... - Larger bra…
"Handy man."... - Early Homo genus hominid,... - Larger brain size,…
Ardipithecus
"Ardi."... - One of earliest hominids,... - Mixture between primate…
Australopithecus afarensis
"Lucy."... - Early hominid,... - Bipedal, but toe and finger length…
17 terms
Evolution Hominids
Primates
Prosimians
Hominoids
Hominids
-around 65 million years old... -oldest fossils found in North A…
-diverged first... -adapted to arboreal lfie
-split from Old World Monkeys... -includes apes and hominids
-evolved around 6 MYA... -H. sapiens only extant species
Primates
-around 65 million years old... -oldest fossils found in North A…
Prosimians
-diverged first... -adapted to arboreal lfie
10 terms
Evolution of hominids
1
Australopithecus afarensis
2
Homo Habilis
Australopithecus afarensis
started to walk upright and had simple tools (lucy)
Homo Habilis (2 mil yrs ago)
more complex tools and speech
1
Australopithecus afarensis
Australopithecus afarensis
started to walk upright and had simple tools (lucy)
8 terms
Hominid evolution
Ardipithecus ramidus
Australopithecus afarensis
Paranthropus
Homo habilis
4 myo ancestral hominid... discovered in Ethiopia... link between h…
35 myo human ancestor... discovered in Ethiopia... found remarkably…
2.7 - 1.2 myo, "robust austrolopithecus"... discovered in South…
the "able" or "handy" man, referring to use of stone tools (O…
Ardipithecus ramidus
4 myo ancestral hominid... discovered in Ethiopia... link between h…
Australopithecus afarensis
35 myo human ancestor... discovered in Ethiopia... found remarkably…
15 terms
Hominid Evolution
Primates
Hominids
Hominins
Bipedalism
Hands and feet adapted for grasping, flattened nails instead…
the group consisting of all modern and extinct Great Apes ( m…
includes all humans, chimpanzees and bonobos, and the ancesto…
Ability to walk upright on two legs
Primates
Hands and feet adapted for grasping, flattened nails instead…
Hominids
the group consisting of all modern and extinct Great Apes ( m…
16 terms
Hominid Evolution
Hominidae
Gorilla (Gorilla)
Chimp & Bonobo (Pan)
Early hominins
Gorilla (Gorilla)... Chimp & Bonobo (Pan)... Human (Homo)
Only in Africa
Only in Africa
Sahelanthropus (7-6 Ma)... forman magnum... canine tooth... Ardipit…
Hominidae
Gorilla (Gorilla)... Chimp & Bonobo (Pan)... Human (Homo)
Gorilla (Gorilla)
Only in Africa
11 terms
Hominid Evolution
Hominidae
Early hominins
Sahelanthropus
Ardipithecus
Gorilla (Gorilla)... Chimp & Bonobo (Pan)... Human (Homo)
Sahelanthropus... Ardipithecus... Australopithecus... Paranthropus
forman magnum -> bipedalism
reduced k9s, bipedal, long arms/curved fingers -> tree dweller
Hominidae
Gorilla (Gorilla)... Chimp & Bonobo (Pan)... Human (Homo)
Early hominins
Sahelanthropus... Ardipithecus... Australopithecus... Paranthropus
12 terms
Hominid Evolution
Species
Polygenic
Fossil
Bipedal
Organisms that can breed and produce fretile offspting
Traits that are controlled by two or more poly genes eg. Eye…
Evidence or remains of organisms that lived long ago
Erect walking or 2 legged locomotion
Species
Organisms that can breed and produce fretile offspting
Polygenic
Traits that are controlled by two or more poly genes eg. Eye…
10 terms
Hominid Evolution
Homo sapiens
Homo erectus
Homo habilis
Paranthropus boisei
50,000-10,000
1.8 m- 300,000
2.5 m- 1.5
1.8 m- 1.4 m
Homo sapiens
50,000-10,000
Homo erectus
1.8 m- 300,000
18 terms
Hominid Evolution
Australopithecus
Ramidus
Anamensis
Afarensis
southern ape from Africa
Oldest known hominid (4.4 million)
1st Biped
"Lucy", Don Johanson (3.2 million)
Australopithecus
southern ape from Africa
Ramidus
Oldest known hominid (4.4 million)
13 terms
Hominid Evolution
Lucy/Afarenis
Homo habilis
Homo erectus
Neanderthal
3.2 million years
2 million years
1 million years
300,000 years
Lucy/Afarenis
3.2 million years
Homo habilis
2 million years
21 terms
Hominid Evolution
1st Bipedal Primate
Ardipithecus ramidus
Australopithecus afarensis
Australopithecus africanus
-Sometime between 6-8 mya?... -Thought to be Australopithecines…
-Discovered 16 years ago and finally published 3 years ago... -4…
-4-2.9 mya... -Arboreal capable... -Herbivores... -Left Laetoli footpr…
-"southern ape from Africa"... -3.3 - 2.3 mya... -"Taung" Baby... -1st…
1st Bipedal Primate
-Sometime between 6-8 mya?... -Thought to be Australopithecines…
Ardipithecus ramidus
-Discovered 16 years ago and finally published 3 years ago... -4…
19 terms
Hominid Evolution
Hominidae
Gorilla (Gorilla)
Chimp and Bonobo (Pan)
Human (Homo)
Gorilla, Pan, Homo sapiens (in addition to extinct hominins)
africa, closest relative to Pan and Homo
africa, closest relatives to Homo
Hominins
Hominidae
Gorilla, Pan, Homo sapiens (in addition to extinct hominins)
Gorilla (Gorilla)
africa, closest relative to Pan and Homo
34 terms
Hominid Evolution
Acheulian
Ape
Australopithecus
Biological evolution
Tool culture of Homo erectus and archaic H. Sapiens. Tear-dro…
Includes gorilla, orang-utan, gibbon and chimpanzee. No tail,…
Group of extinct omnivorous bipedal hominins. Includes A. ana…
Evolution of bone, muscle, physiology and inherited behaviour…
Acheulian
Tool culture of Homo erectus and archaic H. Sapiens. Tear-dro…
Ape
Includes gorilla, orang-utan, gibbon and chimpanzee. No tail,…
55 terms
Hominid Evolution
hominid
hominin
evolutionary timeframe of hominids
Hominid traits
-extinct and living bipedal primates... -hominidae... -humanlike be…
-evolutionary taxonomy... -humans and human ancestors... -based on…
-miocene: 7.5-5 mya... -pliocene: 5-1.8 mya... -pleistocene: 1.8-0.…
-bipedalism... -non-honing canine
hominid
-extinct and living bipedal primates... -hominidae... -humanlike be…
hominin
-evolutionary taxonomy... -humans and human ancestors... -based on…
23 terms
Hominid Evolution
Australopithecus
A. ramidus
A. anamesis
A. afarensis
southern ape from Africa
oldest known hominid of the time
first bipedal
discovered by Don Johnson in 1974, 3.2 million years old, 40%…
Australopithecus
southern ape from Africa
A. ramidus
oldest known hominid of the time
28 terms
Hominid evolution
Lucy
Australopithecus afarensus (age)
Ardipithecus (age)
Australopithecus garhi (trait)
famous Australopithecus afarensus
4-3mya
5mya
first tool-making hominids known. Probably not a direct ances…
Lucy
famous Australopithecus afarensus
Australopithecus afarensus (age)
4-3mya
29 terms
Hominid evolution
Tends in Hominid evolution
Anatomy of bipedalism
Sahelantropus Tchadenis
Orrorin Tugenensis
-Bipedal locomotion... -increase in body size... -increased brain t…
-foramen magnum... -pelvis... -femur
(7-6 mya)... -bipedal... -small brain(320-350cc)... -apelike dentitian
(ca. 6 mya)... -molars resemble hominins... -other teeth are apelik…
Tends in Hominid evolution
-Bipedal locomotion... -increase in body size... -increased brain t…
Anatomy of bipedalism
-foramen magnum... -pelvis... -femur
Hominid Evolution
Ethiopia
Louis & Mary Leakey
Tanzania 1978
Lucy
Where human beings are originated (country)
trail of biped footprints were found by.... the trail is name…
First biped footprints discovered in (country, year)
first major hominid skeleton
Ethiopia
Where human beings are originated (country)
Louis & Mary Leakey
trail of biped footprints were found by.... the trail is name…
37 terms
Hominid Evolution
Hominins
Hominoids
Anthropoids
Prosimians
Chimpanzees, humans
Gorillas, orangutans, humans, chimpanzees, gibbons
New world monkeys, old world monkeys, gorillas, orangutan, hu…
Tarsiers, Lemur
Hominins
Chimpanzees, humans
Hominoids
Gorillas, orangutans, humans, chimpanzees, gibbons
12 terms
Hominid Evolution
Evolutionary Groups of Primates
Prosimians
Anthropoids
Great apes
Papaya And Grapes Make Healthy Fruits
- Lemurs, lorises, and tarsiers... The earliest primate lineage
- New World Monkeys, Old World Monkeys, Apes, and humans... Adap…
- Orangutans, gorillas, chimpanzees, bonobos, and humans. Fac…
Evolutionary Groups of Primates
Papaya And Grapes Make Healthy Fruits
Prosimians
- Lemurs, lorises, and tarsiers... The earliest primate lineage
9 terms
Hominid Evolution
Prehensile Appendages
Large brain parts relative to size
Acute Colour Vision
Generalist teeth
Hands, feet, and/or tails that can grasp
Support complex skills such as using hands, interpreting visu…
Forward facing eyes allow binocular vision, depth perception,…
Many types of teeth
Prehensile Appendages
Hands, feet, and/or tails that can grasp
Large brain parts relative to size
Support complex skills such as using hands, interpreting visu…
15 terms
Hominid Evolution
Australopithecus
Ramidus
Anamensis
Afargensis
southern ape from africa
first/oldest hominid; not known if an upright walker
first biped
"lucy"; social ape man; discovered by don johnson
Australopithecus
southern ape from africa
Ramidus
first/oldest hominid; not known if an upright walker
63 terms
Hominid Evolution
hominid
hominin
evolutionary timeframe of hominids
Hominid traits
-extinct and living bipedal primates... -hominidae... -humanlike be…
-evolutionary taxonomy... -humans and human ancestors... -based on…
-miocene: 7.5-5 mya... -pliocene: 5-1.8 mya... -pleistocene: 1.8-0.…
-bipedalism... -non-honing canine
hominid
-extinct and living bipedal primates... -hominidae... -humanlike be…
hominin
-evolutionary taxonomy... -humans and human ancestors... -based on…
56 terms
Hominid Evolution
What is a hominin?
Why did hominins evolve from an apelik…
What were the first hominins?
Who is Lucy?
Hominins are defined by two obligate behaviors: bipedal locom…
Because of bipedal locomotion. This form of movement may have…
The earliest hominins were the pre-australopithecines. They l…
One of the most significant fossils: the 40% complete skeleto…
What is a hominin?
Hominins are defined by two obligate behaviors: bipedal locom…
Why did hominins evolve from an apelik…
Because of bipedal locomotion. This form of movement may have…
Hominid Evolution
Proconsul Africanus
Sahelanthropus tchadensis
Ardipithecus ramidus
Australopithecus afarensis
East Africa, 23-18 million years ago.... Warm climate in open wo…
North Africa, 6 to 7 million years ago.... Advanced skull except…
4.4 million years ago.... Mainly upright, but some climbing, low…
4-3 million years ago, East Africa.... Bipedal hominid. ... Fully e…
Proconsul Africanus
East Africa, 23-18 million years ago.... Warm climate in open wo…
Sahelanthropus tchadensis
North Africa, 6 to 7 million years ago.... Advanced skull except…
49 terms
Hominid Evolution
Humans and chimpanzees share a common…
In what ways are humans different than…
The Homini are made up of ______.
Humans have 23 chromosomes whereas ape…
3.5; African great ape
-Tool use... -Bipedalism... -Brain size... -Body proportions
Homo and Pan and their relatives
24; chromosome 2 in humans results in a fusion of two chromso…
Humans and chimpanzees share a common…
3.5; African great ape
In what ways are humans different than…
-Tool use... -Bipedalism... -Brain size... -Body proportions
11 terms
Evolution - Hominid Evolution
Hominidae
Early Hominins [EH]
EH - Sahelanthropus (7-6 Ma)
EH - Ardipithecus (5.6-4.4 Ma)
A clade in the primate group that includes the Gorilla (Goril…
Transitional species between the Chimpanzee-like ancestor and…
Forman magnum, a hole found at the base of the skull, which c…
Bipedal creature, suggesting close resemblance to hominids. T…
Hominidae
A clade in the primate group that includes the Gorilla (Goril…
Early Hominins [EH]
Transitional species between the Chimpanzee-like ancestor and…
6 terms
Human Evolution: The Hominids
Ape Foot
Hominid Foot
Ape Pelvis/ Femur
Hominid Pelvis/ Femur
Curved Phalanges... No convergent Big toe... Long Phalanges... No arches
Flat Phalanges... Convergent Big toe... Short Phalanges... Double Arches
Long/ Narrow Iliac Blade... No bowl shaped Pelvis... Straigt Femur
Short/ Wide Iliac Blade... Bowl Shaped pelvis... Angled Femur
Ape Foot
Curved Phalanges... No convergent Big toe... Long Phalanges... No arches
Hominid Foot
Flat Phalanges... Convergent Big toe... Short Phalanges... Double Arches
9 terms
hominids evolution D.3
radio carbon dating
Potassium Argon dating
Define Half-life
Features that define humans
carbon in form of 14C can be used to measure lifespan because…
40K decays into 40Ar, specifically in volcanoes, this decay c…
Half life is the time taken for a substance to lose half of i…
Forward facing eyes... apposable thumbs... larger brain... language... sh…
radio carbon dating
carbon in form of 14C can be used to measure lifespan because…
Potassium Argon dating
40K decays into 40Ar, specifically in volcanoes, this decay c…
14 terms
Hominids and Human Evolution
Evolution
Hominid
Opposable Thumb
Biped
When a species change naturally over a long period of time.
A primate of a family (Hominadae) that includes humans and th…
Thumb that can be placed opposite the fingers of the same han…
Animals that walk on 2 legs
Evolution
When a species change naturally over a long period of time.
Hominid
A primate of a family (Hominadae) that includes humans and th…
12 terms
Arky 1000 - Evolution of Hominids
Australopithecus anamensis
Australopithecus afarensis
Australopithecus africanus
Paranthropus aethiopicus
4.4 mya; East Africa;
3.5 mya; East Africa; Evidence only found in volcanic regions…
2.8 mya; South Africa; Found in limestone caves. CC larger in…
2.7-2.3 mya; East Africa; Black skull. Sagittal crest. Zygoma…
Australopithecus anamensis
4.4 mya; East Africa;
Australopithecus afarensis
3.5 mya; East Africa; Evidence only found in volcanic regions…
8 terms
Evolution of Early Hominids Presentation
If asked "what's the strangest creatur…
Another hominid trait that was affect…
The hominid braincase first started to…
In times of dramatic climate change, h…
1
2
3
4
If asked "what's the strangest creatur…
1
Another hominid trait that was affect…
2
8 terms
examples of hominid evolution
hominids
bipedalism
homo habilis
homo erectus
humans and other creatures that walk upright
the ability to walk upright on two legs
"Handy Man
"Upright man" these hominids became skillful hunters and inve…
hominids
humans and other creatures that walk upright
bipedalism
the ability to walk upright on two legs
29 terms
Evolution of laterality and language in hominids
D
D
Human
Ape
How many years ago did the monkey and human start to evolve f…
The Australopithecus was still around ... A- 10MYA ... B-6MYA... C-8MY…
Australopithecus Africanus describes origin of (ape/human)
Australopithecus robustus describes origin of (ape/human)
D
How many years ago did the monkey and human start to evolve f…
D
The Australopithecus was still around ... A- 10MYA ... B-6MYA... C-8MY…
19 terms
Cenozoic and hominid evolution and ancestry
Cenozoic
main themes of cenozoic
Cenozoic Extinctions:
Holocene
age of mammals... Follows the extinction of the dinosaurs and ma…
1. Adaptive radiation of the mammals... 2. Cooling of the earth'…
Odd-toed ungulates - horses and others... Even toed ungulates -…
age of modern humans 10kya
Cenozoic
age of mammals... Follows the extinction of the dinosaurs and ma…
main themes of cenozoic
1. Adaptive radiation of the mammals... 2. Cooling of the earth'…
17 terms
Hominid Evolution: Introduction
Opposable thumb
Binocular vision
Diurnal
Nocturnal
Primate characteristic of having a thumb that can cross the p…
The ability to merge visual images from both eyes, thereby pr…
Organisms that are active during the day and sleep at night.
Organisms that are active at night and sleep during the day.
Opposable thumb
Primate characteristic of having a thumb that can cross the p…
Binocular vision
The ability to merge visual images from both eyes, thereby pr…
22 terms
The Evolution of the Homo sapiens & the hominids
How have researches proven the similar…
What group are humans in? What other a…
How are humans the most distinct in th…
What has humans intelligence allowed t…
Scientists have used DNA, chromosomes, & blood types to prove…
Primates; chimps, gorrilas, & other large apes.
There are no enormous differences in levels of intelligence o…
Devise tools, technologies, & language skills.
How have researches proven the similar…
Scientists have used DNA, chromosomes, & blood types to prove…
What group are humans in? What other a…
Primates; chimps, gorrilas, & other large apes.
22 terms
The Evolution of the Homo sapiens & the hominids
How have researches proven the similar…
What group are humans in? What other a…
How are humans the most distinct in th…
What has humans intelligence allowed t…
Scientists have used DNA, chromosomes, & blood types to prove…
Primates; chimps, gorrilas, & other large apes.
There are no enormous differences in levels of intelligence o…
Devise tools, technologies, & language skills.
How have researches proven the similar…
Scientists have used DNA, chromosomes, & blood types to prove…
What group are humans in? What other a…
Primates; chimps, gorrilas, & other large apes.
19 terms
Lecture 12 - Hominid Evolution
Hominidae
Gorilla (Gorilla)
Chimp & Bonobo (Pan)
Human (Homo)
great apes... form a taxonomic family of primates, including: Go…
...
...
...
Hominidae
great apes... form a taxonomic family of primates, including: Go…
Gorilla (Gorilla)
...
9 terms
Hominid Evolution Terms
Bipedalism
Omnivorous
Cranial capacity
Homo Habilis
Walking on two feet rather than four.
Eating a wide range of plant and animal foods
The size of the braincase
The species of large-brained, gracile hominins 2 million year…
Bipedalism
Walking on two feet rather than four.
Omnivorous
Eating a wide range of plant and animal foods
12 terms
Hominid Evolution Vocabulary
Primate
Hominid
Bidpedal
Cerebellum
a category of mammals with flexible hands and feet, forward l…
primate that walks upright, has long lower limbs, thumbs that…
animal that walks on two legs
the part of your brain that coordinates you rmovements
Primate
a category of mammals with flexible hands and feet, forward l…
Hominid
primate that walks upright, has long lower limbs, thumbs that…
35 terms
10/ 19 hominid evolution
missing link
Last common ancestor
Hominid
hominin
would be a transitional fossil that exhibits traits common to…
instead of missing link... - ml: constantly moving target ... - de…
all great apes and humans tg ... - orang, chimp, gorillas, bono…
members of the human family ... tribe: hominini
missing link
would be a transitional fossil that exhibits traits common to…
Last common ancestor
instead of missing link... - ml: constantly moving target ... - de…
11 terms
Hominid Evolution Timeline
Ardipithecus Ramidus
Australopithecus afarensis
Australopithecus Africanus
Paranthropus boisei
5.5-4.4 mya
3.85-2.95 mya
3.3-2.1 mya
2.3-1.2 mya
Ardipithecus Ramidus
5.5-4.4 mya
Australopithecus afarensis
3.85-2.95 mya
18 terms
EEOB 3310 Hominid Evolution
Homini
Procunsul
Sahelanthropus
Ardipithecus
Homo and Pan and their relative
(22-10 Mya)... -Dryopithecus... -Extinct genus related to common an…
-considered among the earliest hominin fossils... -small canines…
(late Miocene, 5.7-4.3 Mya, Ethiopia)... -mandibular fragments,…
Homini
Homo and Pan and their relative
Procunsul
(22-10 Mya)... -Dryopithecus... -Extinct genus related to common an…
19 terms
Bio 1B: Hominid Evolution
Hominidae
Gorilla
Chimp and Bonobo (Pan)
Human (Homo)
hominid migration out of Africa, Eastern Europe, SE Asia... Gib…
...
...
...
Hominidae
hominid migration out of Africa, Eastern Europe, SE Asia... Gib…
Gorilla
...
8 terms
Arch Hominid Evolution
Bipedality
Homo Habilis
Homo Erectus
Neanderthals
walk on two feet; muscle attachment, alignment of thighs unde…
toolmaking, used to butcher scavenged meat,
first to migrate out of Africa into Asia, hunting & fire, ach…
found in caves, thousands of layers of debris, buried their d…
Bipedality
walk on two feet; muscle attachment, alignment of thighs unde…
Homo Habilis
toolmaking, used to butcher scavenged meat,
28 terms
early hominid evolution
advantages of full bipedalism
chronology, brain size, tool use
australopithicus
homo habilis
standing upright on two feet allowed for better vision/awaren…
bigger brains didn't immediately result in better tools, but…
2.5-4 mya, height increased vision, outdistanced animals, mad…
2.8-1.8 mya, made better tools with their hands, 50% increase…
advantages of full bipedalism
standing upright on two feet allowed for better vision/awaren…
chronology, brain size, tool use
bigger brains didn't immediately result in better tools, but…
Hominid Evolution Vocabulary
Anatomically Homo sapiens
Archaic Homo sapiens
Bipedalism
Foramen magnum
Refers in paleoanthropology to individual members of the spec…
Relating to or being an early form or subspecies of Homo sapi…
A form of terrestrial locomotion where an organism moves by m…
The hole in the base of the skull through which the spinal co…
Anatomically Homo sapiens
Refers in paleoanthropology to individual members of the spec…
Archaic Homo sapiens
Relating to or being an early form or subspecies of Homo sapi…
6 terms
Hominid Evolution Trends: Primates
Clasping hands
Rotating joints
Hand- eye coordination
Small litters
For climbing and securing tree branches
Greater elbow and shoulder maneuverability
Better climbing and food gathering
Longer infant dependency to learn social behavior and feeding
Clasping hands
For climbing and securing tree branches
Rotating joints
Greater elbow and shoulder maneuverability
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