Study sets matching "honoors physical science"

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Study sets matching "honoors physical science"

25 terms
Physical Science
Atmosphere
Atmospheric pressure
Barometer
mmHg
The mass of air surrounding a planet
The pressure exerted by the atmosphere on all objects within…
An instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure
millimeters of mercury
Atmosphere
The mass of air surrounding a planet
Atmospheric pressure
The pressure exerted by the atmosphere on all objects within…
Physical Science
Atomic number
Atomic mass
group number
protons
equal to the number of protons
equal to the number of protons and neutrons
equal to the number of valence electrons
positive charge, found in nucleus
Atomic number
equal to the number of protons
Atomic mass
equal to the number of protons and neutrons
15 terms
Physical Science
Matter
Mass
Volume
Weight
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
A measure of the amount of matter in an object.
Amount of space an object takes up.
A measure of the force of gravity on an object.
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Mass
A measure of the amount of matter in an object.
12 terms
Physical Science
observing
Inference
prediction
chemistry
using one or more of your senses to gather information
a logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and observa…
making a statement about the future
the study of the properties of matter and how matter changes
observing
using one or more of your senses to gather information
Inference
a logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and observa…
26 terms
Physical Science
frame of Reference
motion
Reference Point
Relative Motion
the perspective from which an object is viewed or its motion…
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
movement in relation to frame of reference
frame of Reference
the perspective from which an object is viewed or its motion…
motion
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
72 terms
Physical Science
Conduction
Convection
Radiation
Convection Current
Heat transfer through direct contact
Heat transfer through fluids (liquids or gases) moving
Heat transfer through heat waves
The circular flow of a fluid
Conduction
Heat transfer through direct contact
Convection
Heat transfer through fluids (liquids or gases) moving
26 terms
Physical Science
Physical Properties
Sink
Float
Matter
The look, feel,taste, sound, or smell of an object
To drop below the surface level of a liquid
To stay on the surface level of a liquid
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Physical Properties
The look, feel,taste, sound, or smell of an object
Sink
To drop below the surface level of a liquid
physical science
physical change
chemical change
physical properties
chemical properties
A change in a substance that does not involve a change in the…
A change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
The characteristics of a substance that can be observed or me…
Characteristics of a substance that determine how it will rea…
physical change
A change in a substance that does not involve a change in the…
chemical change
A change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
21 terms
Physical Science
Hypothesis
Variable
Dependent variable
Independent variable
possible explanation for a problem
a factor that can change the results of an experiment
it's values change according to the change in other variables
the variable you change to see how it affects the others
Hypothesis
possible explanation for a problem
Variable
a factor that can change the results of an experiment
73 terms
Physical Science
Mass
Volume
Density
Physical Property
The amount of matter in an object.
The amount of space occupied by an object.
The mass per unit volume of a material.
A quality or condition of a substance that can be observed or…
Mass
The amount of matter in an object.
Volume
The amount of space occupied by an object.
27 terms
Physical Science
matter
substance
chemical property
atom
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
A single kind of matter that is pure and has a specific set o…
A characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
The basic particle from which all elements are made.
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
substance
A single kind of matter that is pure and has a specific set o…
28 terms
Physical Science
Net force
Zero Net Force
Friction
Applied Force
The combination of all forces acting on an object
a balanced force resulting in an object remaining at rest or…
A force that opposes motion between two surfaces that are in…
a force which is applied to an object by a person or another…
Net force
The combination of all forces acting on an object
Zero Net Force
a balanced force resulting in an object remaining at rest or…
28 terms
Physical Science
speed
velocity
acceleration
momentum
how quickly an object moves a distance ... speed = distance/ time
how quickly and object moves a distance in a certain direction.
rate of change of velocity of an object.... Acc = change in spee…
is the product of the mass and velocity of an object.... m = mas…
speed
how quickly an object moves a distance ... speed = distance/ time
velocity
how quickly and object moves a distance in a certain direction.
25 terms
Physical Science
speed
velocity
m/s
m/s North
distance/time
speed with direction
speed
velocity
speed
distance/time
velocity
speed with direction
Physical Science
mass
states of matter
magnetism
relative density
amount of matter in an object; measure with a triple beam bal…
matter can be a solid, liquid, or gas
an object''s ability to be attracted to a magnet; steel, iron…
if an object floats or sinks in water or compared to another…
mass
amount of matter in an object; measure with a triple beam bal…
states of matter
matter can be a solid, liquid, or gas
40 terms
Physical Science
Acceleration
Amplitude
Boiling point
Chemical change
the rate at which velocity is changing
the maximum absolute variation of any periodic function
the temperature at which a liquid changes to a gas
the change of a substance into a new substance
Acceleration
the rate at which velocity is changing
Amplitude
the maximum absolute variation of any periodic function
18 terms
Physical Science
Matter
Properties of Matter
Mass
Volume
anything that has mass and volume
1. Specific- color, odor, size, shape, texture,brittleness... 2.…
The amount of matter in an object... basic unit of mass = gram (g)
The amount of space taken up by an object... basic unit of volum…
Matter
anything that has mass and volume
Properties of Matter
1. Specific- color, odor, size, shape, texture,brittleness... 2.…
23 terms
physical science
atom
electron
nucleolus
protons
is the smallest particle of an element
the negatively charged particles
positively charged particle
positively charged particles
atom
is the smallest particle of an element
electron
the negatively charged particles
72 terms
Science MSA - Physical Science
chemical change
chemical property
compound
density
A change where substances are changed into entirely new subst…
A property that describes a substance's ability to change int…
two or more atoms chemically bonded together
mass divided by volume
chemical change
A change where substances are changed into entirely new subst…
chemical property
A property that describes a substance's ability to change int…
25 terms
Physical Science Chapter 1
Science
Technology
Scientific law
Scientific theory
Observing, studying and experimenting to find the nature of t…
the application of science for practical uses
describes a process in nature that can be tested by repeated…
an explanation of how a natural process works
Science
Observing, studying and experimenting to find the nature of t…
Technology
the application of science for practical uses
24 terms
Physical Science Chapter 1
Scientific Method
independent variable
dependent variable
model
an organized set of investigative procedures
the variable that is changed
what changed because of the experiment
represents an idea, event, or object and helps people better…
Scientific Method
an organized set of investigative procedures
independent variable
the variable that is changed
25 terms
Chapter 12 Physical Science
Mass Number
Proton
Neutron
Electron
-equal to the number of subatomic particles in the nucleus... =…
Subatomic particle in nucleus.... Positive charge.... Adds to mass…
Subatomic particle in nucleus.... Neutral charge.... Adds to mass o…
Subatomic particle in energy levels around the nucleus.... Negat…
Mass Number
-equal to the number of subatomic particles in the nucleus... =…
Proton
Subatomic particle in nucleus.... Positive charge.... Adds to mass…
42 terms
Chapter 2 Physical Science
pure substance
element
atom
compound
a sample of matter, either a single element or a single compo…
any of the more than 118 known substances (of which 92 occur…
(physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element…
a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements…
pure substance
a sample of matter, either a single element or a single compo…
element
any of the more than 118 known substances (of which 92 occur…
16 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
Dalton's Theory
nucleus
Subatomic Particles
proton
All matter is made up of individual particles, called atoms,…
the central core of the atom
Three types of tiny particles that make up an atom
one of the POSITIVELY charged particles in an atom's nucleus
Dalton's Theory
All matter is made up of individual particles, called atoms,…
nucleus
the central core of the atom
47 terms
Physical Science Chapter 3
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Plasma
Name the state of matter: ... Particles are in a fixed position…
Name the state of matter:... Particles are close together but mo…
Name the state of matter:... Particles are in constant motion an…
Name the state of matter:... Particles are electrically charged…
Solid
Name the state of matter: ... Particles are in a fixed position…
Liquid
Name the state of matter:... Particles are close together but mo…
8 terms
Physical Science Chapter 18
octet rule
electronegativity
covalent bond
Lewis structure
States that atoms lose, gain or share electrons in order to a…
(chemistry) the tendency of an atom or radical to attract ele…
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
A structural formula in which electrons are represented by do…
octet rule
States that atoms lose, gain or share electrons in order to a…
electronegativity
(chemistry) the tendency of an atom or radical to attract ele…
5 terms
Physical Science (Laws of Science)
Law of Conservation of Mass
Law of Conservation of Energy
Newton's First Law of Motion (Inertia)
Newton's Second Law of Motion
Matter is neither created nor destroyed only transformed.
Energy cannot be created or destroyed only transferred or tra…
An object at rest will stay at rest, unless acted on by a for…
Force causes an object to accelerate, while the objects mass…
Law of Conservation of Mass
Matter is neither created nor destroyed only transformed.
Law of Conservation of Energy
Energy cannot be created or destroyed only transferred or tra…
Physical Science
inertia
friction
force
speed
An object in motion will stay in motion and and object that's…
a force that slows down moving objects.
a push or a pull.
How fast an object is moving. (how far something goes in an a…
inertia
An object in motion will stay in motion and and object that's…
friction
a force that slows down moving objects.
Physical Science Chapter 2
matter
substance
physical property
chemical property
anything that has mass and takes up space
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
a characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
a characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
substance
a single kind of matter that is pure, meaning it always has a…
Physical Science Vocabulary
Water
oxygen
carbon dioxide
atom
2 hydrogen atoms + 1 oxygen atom
The eighth element on the periodic table is a colorless, odor…
Also known as CO2, it is a colorless, odorless gas that is pr…
The smallest unit of an element, that has the properties of t…
Water
2 hydrogen atoms + 1 oxygen atom
oxygen
The eighth element on the periodic table is a colorless, odor…
Circuits :: Physics :: Physical Science
electrical circuit
electric current
open circuit
closed circuit
A pathway of conductors that lets electricity flow through it.
The flow of electricity through a conductor.
A broken pathway. Electricity cannot flow through an open cir…
A complete pathway. Electricity can flow through a closed cir…
electrical circuit
A pathway of conductors that lets electricity flow through it.
electric current
The flow of electricity through a conductor.
Energy :: Physics :: Physical Science
energy
electrical energy
mechanical energy
light energy
What you need to move or change things. The ability to do work.
A form of energy made by the flow of electrical charge throug…
A form of energy made by the movement of an object or its pos…
A form of energy that travels through space and can be seen b…
energy
What you need to move or change things. The ability to do work.
electrical energy
A form of energy made by the flow of electrical charge throug…
Physical Science Ch.7
elements
molecules
molecular mass
2 (1.008u) + 16.00u = 18.02u
The most basic components of the physical world that are comp…
Groups of two or more atoms linked by chemical bonds to form…
The types and number of atoms in a molecule; the sum of the a…
What is the molecular mass of a water molecule?
elements
The most basic components of the physical world that are comp…
molecules
Groups of two or more atoms linked by chemical bonds to form…
Physical Science
frame of Reference
motion
Reference Point
Relative Motion
the perspective from which an object is viewed or its motion…
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
A place or object used for comparison to determine if an obje…
movement in relation to frame of reference
frame of Reference
the perspective from which an object is viewed or its motion…
motion
An object's change in position relative to a reference point.
10 terms
Physical Science
Nuclear Reactions
Protons
Neutrons
Protons + Neutrons are called...
Combining or splitting the nuclei of atoms
In the nucleus of an atom(positively charged)
the particles of the nucleus that have no charge
Nucleons
Nuclear Reactions
Combining or splitting the nuclei of atoms
Protons
In the nucleus of an atom(positively charged)
26 terms
Physical Science
Physical Properties
Sink
Float
Matter
The look, feel,taste, sound, or smell of an object
To drop below the surface level of a liquid
To stay on the surface level of a liquid
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Physical Properties
The look, feel,taste, sound, or smell of an object
Sink
To drop below the surface level of a liquid
10 terms
Atoms 2 Physical Science
Antoine La Vosier
John Dalton
J.J. Thomson
Aristotle
Gave us the Law of Conservation of Matter, was later beheaded…
An English School Teacher who took the knowledge of his time…
He discovered the electron by working with cathode tubes
He was an early Greek philosopher who believed that matter wa…
Antoine La Vosier
Gave us the Law of Conservation of Matter, was later beheaded…
John Dalton
An English School Teacher who took the knowledge of his time…
11 terms
Physical Science Chapter 4
mixture
heterogeneous mixture
homogeneous mixture
colloid
matter that consists of two or more substances mixed together…
a mixture that does not appear to be the same throughout
a mixture that appears to be the same throughout
a homogeneous mixture with particles permanently suspended
mixture
matter that consists of two or more substances mixed together…
heterogeneous mixture
a mixture that does not appear to be the same throughout
34 terms
Physical Science Vocabulary
attract
circuit
conductors
effort
(magnetically) draw or pull, unlike poles together
the path electricity takes as it flows through a material
material that can carry an electric current
force required to move a load
attract
(magnetically) draw or pull, unlike poles together
circuit
the path electricity takes as it flows through a material
37 terms
physical science
physical science
lemonade
dissolve
evaporate
physical science
lemonade
10 terms
Physical Science
straight
curvy
fast
slow
straight
curvy
Physical Science Vocabulary
motion
frame of reference
displacement
speed
an objects change in position relative to a reference point
a system for specifying the precise location of objects in sp…
the change in position of an object
the distance traveled divided by the time interval which the…
motion
an objects change in position relative to a reference point
frame of reference
a system for specifying the precise location of objects in sp…
Physical Science Ch. 4
joule
kinetic energy, potential energy, radi…
kinetic energy
whole body kinetic energy
the SI unit for energy; 1 newton x 1 meter
What are the three main forms of energy?
energy in motion; can be the motion of part of an object or t…
the energy of an entire object moving; part of an object's me…
joule
the SI unit for energy; 1 newton x 1 meter
kinetic energy, potential energy, radi…
What are the three main forms of energy?
Physical Properties (Physical Science)
Physical Properties
Examples of Physical Properties are:
Mass and Volume are Physical Propertie…
Matter
A characteristic of a substance that can be observed and meas…
Color, Shape, Size, Texture
changing the mass or volume of a substance does not change th…
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Physical Properties
A characteristic of a substance that can be observed and meas…
Examples of Physical Properties are:
Color, Shape, Size, Texture
52 terms
Physical Science Physics Review
Frame of Reference
Relative Motion
Distance
Vector
A system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
Movement in relation to a frame of reference
The length of a path between two points
A quantity that has a magnitude and a direction
Frame of Reference
A system of objects that are not moving with respect to one a…
Relative Motion
Movement in relation to a frame of reference
Physical Science
troposphere
temperature inversion
greenhouse effect
jet stream
a layer extended an average of 12km above Earth's surface.
occurs when air temperature increases with altitude and the a…
a natural process in which certain gases in the atmosphere wa…
a narrow band of fast-moving, high-altitude air.
troposphere
a layer extended an average of 12km above Earth's surface.
temperature inversion
occurs when air temperature increases with altitude and the a…
13 terms
Physical Science Chapter 2
matter
properties
mass
inertia
anything that has mass and takes up space
characteristics of matter
the amount of matter in an object
the resistance of an object to changes in its motion
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
properties
characteristics of matter
Physical Science Ch. 6
1. every element consists of tiny part…
chemistry
elements
compounds
What are the five points of Dalton's Atomic Theory?
the organized study of the composition and interactions of ma…
substances composed of a single type of atom
substances composed of more than one type of atom linked toge…
1. every element consists of tiny part…
What are the five points of Dalton's Atomic Theory?
chemistry
the organized study of the composition and interactions of ma…
49 terms
Physical Science
Science
Quantitative
Qualitative
Observation
Knowledge about or study of the natural world based on facts…
numeric measurements. tative
descriptions in words of what is being observed. tative
Information gathered by using one or more of the five senses…
Science
Knowledge about or study of the natural world based on facts…
Quantitative
numeric measurements. tative
11 terms
Physical Science
Boiling Point
Chemical Properties
Heterogeneous
Homogeneous
The temperature at which a liquid changes to a gas. The boili…
Characteristics of substances that describe their composition…
A type of mixture in which different parts can be easily dist…
A type of mixture in which the different parts are blended ev…
Boiling Point
The temperature at which a liquid changes to a gas. The boili…
Chemical Properties
Characteristics of substances that describe their composition…
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