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Study sets matching "honors anatomy chapter 4"

96 terms
Honors Anatomy: Chapter 4
Functions of the Skeletal System
Medullary Cavity
Bone Marrow
Hematopoises
Support... Protection... Movement... Storage
a central hollow space inside majority of the long bones such…
a flexible tissue found inside of bones
blood cell formation
Functions of the Skeletal System
Support... Protection... Movement... Storage
Medullary Cavity
a central hollow space inside majority of the long bones such…
137 terms
Chapter 4 Honors Anatomy
function of body membranes
3 epithelial membranes
1 connective tissue membrane
cutaneous membrane AKA
cover surfaces, line cavities, form protective sheets around…
cutaneous, mucous, serous
synovial
skin
function of body membranes
cover surfaces, line cavities, form protective sheets around…
3 epithelial membranes
cutaneous, mucous, serous
24 terms
Honors Anatomy - Chapter 4
Smooth muscle tissue
Skeletal muscle tissue
Cardiac muscle tissue
Blast
Found in hollow internal structures (blood vessels); usually…
Connects to the bones of the skeleton. Voluntary because it c…
Makes up most of the wall around the heart; involuntary; they…
active cells that secrete fibers and ground substance (matrix)
Smooth muscle tissue
Found in hollow internal structures (blood vessels); usually…
Skeletal muscle tissue
Connects to the bones of the skeleton. Voluntary because it c…
17 terms
Chapter 4 - Honors Anatomy
cutaneous membranes
mucous membranes
serous membrane
keratin
made of stratified squamous; skin; mostly dense connective ti…
composed of epithelial resting on a loose connective tissue c…
simple squamous epithelium and areolar connective tissue; lin…
a fibrous protein forming the main structural constituent of…
cutaneous membranes
made of stratified squamous; skin; mostly dense connective ti…
mucous membranes
composed of epithelial resting on a loose connective tissue c…
27 terms
Honors Anatomy Chapter 4
metabolic processes
anabolism
catabolism
dehydration synthesis
all chemical reactions that occur in the body; two types: ana…
larger molecules are made from smaller ones, requires energy;…
larger molecules are broken down into smaller ones, releases…
type of anabolic process, used to make polysaccharides, trigl…
metabolic processes
all chemical reactions that occur in the body; two types: ana…
anabolism
larger molecules are made from smaller ones, requires energy;…
107 terms
Honors Anatomy Chapter 4 Study Guide
histology
what are cell tissues
four types of tissues
what are epithelial tissues
the study of tissues
collections of cells and cell products that perform specific…
epithelial, connective, muscle, neural
- cover exposed body surfaces ... - lines internal passageways a…
histology
the study of tissues
what are cell tissues
collections of cells and cell products that perform specific…
133 terms
honors anatomy chapter 4 test
histology
what are cell tissues
four types of tissues
what are epithelial tissues
the study of tissues
collections of cells and cell products that perform specific…
epithelial, connective, muscle, neural
- cover exposed body surfaces ... - lines internal passageways a…
histology
the study of tissues
what are cell tissues
collections of cells and cell products that perform specific…
43 terms
Chapter 4: Tissues Anatomy Honors
Tissues
4 types of tissues
Epithelial tissue function
Epithelial tissues are involved in
groups of cells performing a specialized activity
neural, epithelial, muscular, connective
covers exposed surface... lines internal passage way... forms gland…
Stratified: protection ... Simple: absorption ... filtration... excret…
Tissues
groups of cells performing a specialized activity
4 types of tissues
neural, epithelial, muscular, connective
Anatomy and Physiology Honors - Chapter 4
Pseudostratified columnar
Simple columnar
Simple cuboidal
Simple squamous
Pseudostratified columnar
Simple columnar
26 terms
Honors Anatomy Chapter 4 test
Sebaceous glands皮脂腺 are also called
Tough protein, Waterproof (Give skin s…
Blackish-brown chemical (Chemical that…
When do skin COLORATION begins
Holocrine 全分泌的
Keratin角蛋白
Melanin黑色素
25 weeks
Sebaceous glands皮脂腺 are also called
Holocrine 全分泌的
Tough protein, Waterproof (Give skin s…
Keratin角蛋白
46 terms
Honors anatomy/physiology chapter 4 test, tissues
simple squamous epithelium
simple cuboidal epithelium
simple columnar epithelium
pseudostratified ciliated epithelium
one layer of flattened epithelial cells; diffuses, absorbs, a…
one layer of cube-shaped epithelial cells; covers and lines g…
one layer of rectangular-shaped epithelial cells; lines cavit…
one layer of ciliated epithelial cells that look like more th…
simple squamous epithelium
one layer of flattened epithelial cells; diffuses, absorbs, a…
simple cuboidal epithelium
one layer of cube-shaped epithelial cells; covers and lines g…
77 terms
Chapter 4 | Honors Anatomy
cellular metabolism
intermediary metabolism
primary metabolites
secondary metabolites
the sum total of chemical reactions in the cell
refers to the processes that obtain, release, and use energy
products of metabolism essential to survival
not essential to survival, but many provide an advantage or e…
cellular metabolism
the sum total of chemical reactions in the cell
intermediary metabolism
refers to the processes that obtain, release, and use energy
Honors Anatomy Chapter 4
Tissues
Hitology
Pathology
Types of tissues
Groups of similar cells performing the same function
Study of tissues
Study for cells and tissues in a lab setting, look for change…
Based on structure and function
Tissues
Groups of similar cells performing the same function
Hitology
Study of tissues
57 terms
anatomy honors Chapter 4
dermis papilla layer
malpighian layer
stratum basale
stratum compactum
connects epidermis to dermis
melanin deposition
generates upper layers
single layer of keratinized cells
dermis papilla layer
connects epidermis to dermis
malpighian layer
melanin deposition
83 terms
Honors Anatomy Chapter 4
ABCD Rule
Malignant Melanoma
Squamous cell carcinoma
Basal Cell Carcinoma
A- Asymmetry ... Two sides of pigmented mole do not match ... B- Bo…
Most deadly of all cancer cells... Cancer of melanocytes ... Metast…
Metastasizes to lymph nodes if not removed ... Early removal all…
Least malignant ... Most common type ... Arises from the stratum ba…
ABCD Rule
A- Asymmetry ... Two sides of pigmented mole do not match ... B- Bo…
Malignant Melanoma
Most deadly of all cancer cells... Cancer of melanocytes ... Metast…
98 terms
Chapter 4 Honors Anatomy
Body Membranes
Epithelial Membranes... Connective Tissue…
Epithelial membranes
Cutaneous... Mucous... Serous
cover surface, lines body cavities, forms protective sheets a…
2 body membrane categories
covering or lining membranes
3 major epithelial membranes are
Body Membranes
cover surface, lines body cavities, forms protective sheets a…
Epithelial Membranes... Connective Tissue…
2 body membrane categories
61 terms
Chapter 4 Honors Anatomy
5 functions of epithelial tissue
Epithelial tissue and cartilage cells…
Epithelial tissue is classified by
List the three surfaces of an epitheli…
Covers organs and structures, lines cavities and passages, pr…
They lack direct blood supply
Shape and number of layers
Apical, lateral, and basal
5 functions of epithelial tissue
Covers organs and structures, lines cavities and passages, pr…
Epithelial tissue and cartilage cells…
They lack direct blood supply
37 terms
Honors Anatomy Chapter 4
Sebaceous glands are also known as
A tough protein that is waterproof
Blackish-brown chemical
When does skin coloration begin
Holocrine
Keratin
Melanin
25 weeks
Sebaceous glands are also known as
Holocrine
A tough protein that is waterproof
Keratin
16 terms
Honors Anatomy Chapter 4 Prefixes
Adip
Chondr
Cyt
Epi
Fat
Cartilage
Cell
Upon, after, in addition
Adip
Fat
Chondr
Cartilage
91 terms
Honors Anatomy Chapter 4 Notes
medullary cavity
bone marrow
hematopoiesis
osteocytes
a central hollow space inside most of the long bones, such as…
a specialized flexible tissue found inside bones
blood cell formation
mature bone cells
medullary cavity
a central hollow space inside most of the long bones, such as…
bone marrow
a specialized flexible tissue found inside bones
Honors Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
An-
Ana-
Cata-
Mut-
Without (root)
Up (root)
Down (root)
Change (root)
An-
Without (root)
Ana-
Up (root)
44 terms
Honors Anatomy chapter 4
What are the layers of the epidermis
functions and characteristics of the e…
layers of skin in the dermis
characteristics, functions of the dermis
corneum, lucidum, granulosum, spinosum, basale
-produce keratin to make skin tough... -produce melanin to give…
papillary and reticular
-hold body together... -vascular good blood supply to provide nu…
What are the layers of the epidermis
corneum, lucidum, granulosum, spinosum, basale
functions and characteristics of the e…
-produce keratin to make skin tough... -produce melanin to give…
13 terms
Honors Anatomy Chapter 4
What is the name of the gland that pro…
In hair anatomy, what is the outer lay…
The dermis portion has these two layers
What type of burn only affects the epi…
Sebaceous
Cuticle
Reticular and papillary (gives fingerprints)
First degree
What is the name of the gland that pro…
Sebaceous
In hair anatomy, what is the outer lay…
Cuticle
48 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 4
stratum basale
stratum spinosum
stratum granulosum
stratum lucidum
deepest layer of epidermis. cells are always dividing.
connects to adjacent cells
contains keratin granules
occurs only in thick skin
stratum basale
deepest layer of epidermis. cells are always dividing.
stratum spinosum
connects to adjacent cells
123 terms
honors anatomy chapter 4 test - skeletal system
-cyte
oste(o)
arthr(o)
-pathy
cell
bone
joint
disease of
-cyte
cell
oste(o)
bone
29 terms
Honors anatomy chapter 4 vocab
Gene
Dna
Rna
Genome
DNA sequence hat contains the info for making a particular po…
Info that instructs a cell to synthesize a part. Holds geneti…
Transfer of info from nucleus to cytoplasm. Single stranded.
Complete set of genetic instruction Ina cell including the ge…
Gene
DNA sequence hat contains the info for making a particular po…
Dna
Info that instructs a cell to synthesize a part. Holds geneti…
21 terms
Honors Anatomy - Chapter 4 Terms
anabolism
catabolism
metabolism
dehydration synthesis
a type of metabolic reaction; synthesizes larger molecules an…
a type of metabolic reaction; decomposes larger molecules and…
anabolism and catabolism together
occurs during anabolism; the combining of molecules leaving a…
anabolism
a type of metabolic reaction; synthesizes larger molecules an…
catabolism
a type of metabolic reaction; decomposes larger molecules and…
43 terms
Chapter 4 Honors Anatomy Vocab
Epithelial Membranes
Cutaneous Membrane
Mucous Membrane
Serous Membrane
covering and lining membranes; consist of an epithelial sheet…
Cutaneous: skin, epidermis and dermis
Lines all body cavities that directly open to the exterior an…
Lines all body cavities that are closed to the exterior
Epithelial Membranes
covering and lining membranes; consist of an epithelial sheet…
Cutaneous Membrane
Cutaneous: skin, epidermis and dermis
21 terms
Honors Anatomy Chapter 4.1
what are tissues?
what are 4 types of tissues in the hum…
What is histology
what does it mean for an microscopic s…
group of cells that are similar instructure and preform a com…
- epithelial tissue: Coverning ... - connective tissue: Support…
the study of tissues
...
what are tissues?
group of cells that are similar instructure and preform a com…
what are 4 types of tissues in the hum…
- epithelial tissue: Coverning ... - connective tissue: Support…
46 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Honors Chapter 4
tissues
histology
fixed
sections
groups of cells that are similar in structure and perform a c…
the study of tissues
preserved
slices
tissues
groups of cells that are similar in structure and perform a c…
histology
the study of tissues
54 terms
Honors Anatomy Test (Chapter 4 )
cardiac muscle Tissue
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Simple Cubodial Epithelial Tissue
Osseous Tissue
innercolated disc (PG 137)
Going to looked striped (PG 136)
Box like (PG 118)
Circular like (PG 133)
cardiac muscle Tissue
innercolated disc (PG 137)
Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Going to looked striped (PG 136)
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Honors Chapter 4: Tissues
adhesions
adenoma
adipocytes
apocrine
the fusion of two mesenterial layers after damage or irritati…
a benign tumor formed from glandular structures
a fat cell
mode of exocytosis secretion where the apex pinches off
adhesions
the fusion of two mesenterial layers after damage or irritati…
adenoma
a benign tumor formed from glandular structures
109 terms
Anatomy Ho Honors Review Chapter 4,5
Tissues
Four types of Tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Connective Tissue
structures with discrete structural and functional properties…
Epithelial Tissue, Connective Tissue, Muscle Tissue, Neural T…
covers exposed surfaces, lines internal passageways, forms gl…
Fills internal spaces, supports other tissues, transports mat…
Tissues
structures with discrete structural and functional properties…
Four types of Tissue
Epithelial Tissue, Connective Tissue, Muscle Tissue, Neural T…
29 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Honors- Chapter 4 Vocabulary
-blast
fibroblasts
adipocytes
mast cells
to bud or sprout
large flat cells with branching processes
(loose) connective tissue cells that store triglycerides (fat)
abundant alongside the blood vessels that supply connective t…
-blast
to bud or sprout
fibroblasts
large flat cells with branching processes
102 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Honors Chapter 4 (VOCAB/Notes)
Integument
Integumentary System
Inherent
Adaptive
Skin
A system of tissues and cells associated with the skin... -Inclu…
Refers to qualities a person or animal is born with
Refers to the ability of an organisms genes to respond to env…
Integument
Skin
Integumentary System
A system of tissues and cells associated with the skin... -Inclu…
Honors Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4 Review
functions of integumentary system
stratum basale
stratum spinosum
stratum granulosm
• protection... • vitamin D synthesis... • temp. regulation... • excre…
cells undergo mitosis, constant reproduction
connections to adjacent cells
granules of keratin
functions of integumentary system
• protection... • vitamin D synthesis... • temp. regulation... • excre…
stratum basale
cells undergo mitosis, constant reproduction
56 terms
Chapter 4 & 5 Honors Anatomy
Which type of skin receptor is sensiti…
Which skin receptor is very sensitive…
Which skin receptor is sensitive to pr…
What 2 receptors are stimulated by hea…
Merkel's discs
Meissner's Corpuscle
Pacinian Corpuscle
Heat= Corpuscle of Ruffini ... Cold= Bulb of Krause
Which type of skin receptor is sensiti…
Merkel's discs
Which skin receptor is very sensitive…
Meissner's Corpuscle
28 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY HONORS Chapter 4
What are the functions of body membran…
Cutaneous membrane
Superficial epidermis
Underlying dermis
Covers bidy surfaces... Lines body cavities... Forms protective she…
Skin... Dry membrane ... Outermost protective boundary
Keratinized stratified squamous epithelium
Mostly dense connective tissue
What are the functions of body membran…
Covers bidy surfaces... Lines body cavities... Forms protective she…
Cutaneous membrane
Skin... Dry membrane ... Outermost protective boundary
71 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 4 Terminology
Body Membranes
Epithelial Membranes
Cutaneous Membrane
Mucous Membrane (Mucosa)
Cover surfaces, line body cavities, and form protective (and…
Called covering and lining membrane, include the cutaneous me…
Your skin; its superficial epidermis is composed of keratiniz…
Composed of epithelium (the type varies with the site) restin…
Body Membranes
Cover surfaces, line body cavities, and form protective (and…
Epithelial Membranes
Called covering and lining membrane, include the cutaneous me…
48 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4
What are tissues?
What are epithelia?
What does epithelia cover?
What does epithelia line?
Tissues are collections of specialized cell and cell products…
Epithelia are layers of cells that cover internal or external…
Epithelia covers external and internal body surfaces
Epithelia lines internal cavities and passageways
What are tissues?
Tissues are collections of specialized cell and cell products…
What are epithelia?
Epithelia are layers of cells that cover internal or external…
44 terms
Freshman Honors Biology // Chapter 4 Cell Anatomy
Robert Hooke
Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
Theodore Schwann
observed dead empty cork cells which reminded him of Monk roo…
first to observe information on living cells
botanist who concluded that all plants are composed of cells
zoologist who concluded that all animals are composed of cells
Robert Hooke
observed dead empty cork cells which reminded him of Monk roo…
Leeuwenhoek
first to observe information on living cells
30 terms
Anatomy Honors Chapter 4 Study Guide
Diffusion
Dialysis
Osmosis
Facilitated diffusion
Refers to a natural phenomenon caused by the tendency of smal…
Diffusion of small solute particles, but not larger solute pa…
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane i…
Diffusion of particles through a membrane by means of carrier…
Diffusion
Refers to a natural phenomenon caused by the tendency of smal…
Dialysis
Diffusion of small solute particles, but not larger solute pa…
56 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 4: Cellular Metabolism
enzyme
enzyme names
cellular metabolism
intermediary metabolism
protein that catalyzes a specific biochemical reaction; contr…
reflect the substrate, have the suffix -ase
the sum total of chemical reactions in the cell
processes that obtain, release, and use energy
enzyme
protein that catalyzes a specific biochemical reaction; contr…
enzyme names
reflect the substrate, have the suffix -ase
23 terms
Honors Anatomy chapter 4 study guide
Sebaceous glands
Keratin
Melanin
When skin coloration begins
Holocrine; secretes sebum
Tough protein, waterproofs; gives skin its strength
Blackish brown chemical; chemical that colors hair
25 weeks
Sebaceous glands
Holocrine; secretes sebum
Keratin
Tough protein, waterproofs; gives skin its strength
Anatomy and Physiology Honors Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Fibroblast
Adipocytes
Mastcells
White blood cells
Large fat cells with branching processes, present in connecti…
Fat cells or adipose cells connective tissue cells that store…
Alongside blood vessels, produce histamine a chemical that di…
Migrate from connective tissues (blood)
Fibroblast
Large fat cells with branching processes, present in connecti…
Adipocytes
Fat cells or adipose cells connective tissue cells that store…
25 terms
honors anatomy ch 4
cell metabolism
anabolism
catabolism
enzymes
-the set of chemical reactions that occur in living organisms…
-chemical reactions that build large molecules from small one…
-chemical reactions that breakdown large molecules into small…
-protein ... -catalyze reactions by lowering the activation ener…
cell metabolism
-the set of chemical reactions that occur in living organisms…
anabolism
-chemical reactions that build large molecules from small one…
51 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology (HS) Chapter 4
What are the names of the two main bod…
What are the three types of Epithelial…
What is mucosa?
What is serosa?
Epithelial and Connective Membranes.
Skin, mucosa, and serosa.
A wet membrane constantly bathed with secretions. It lines al…
Lines body cavities closed to exterior.
What are the names of the two main bod…
Epithelial and Connective Membranes.
What are the three types of Epithelial…
Skin, mucosa, and serosa.
53 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Honors Chapter 4: Tissues Vocabulary
adhesions
adipocytes
apocrine
apondeuroses
the fusion of two mesenterial layers after damage or irritati…
a fat cell
a mode of secretion in which the glandular cell sheds portion…
broad tendinous sheets that may serve as the origin or insert…
adhesions
the fusion of two mesenterial layers after damage or irritati…
adipocytes
a fat cell
63 terms
Scientific Terminology | Chapter 4 | Honors Anatomy
acro
cardio
cyano
cyte
extremities
heart
blue
cell
acro
extremities
cardio
heart
35 terms
Honors Anatomy Chapter 4 Column 1
Anabolism
Catabolism
Dehydration Synthesis
hydrolysis
Provides everything a cell needs to mantain growth and repair
large molecules break into smaller ones (release energy)
joins many sugars(simple) to form larger molecules of glycogen
decomposes carbohydrates, lipids, proteins
Anabolism
Provides everything a cell needs to mantain growth and repair
Catabolism
large molecules break into smaller ones (release energy)
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