Study sets matching "honors anatomy muscular system"

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Study sets matching "honors anatomy muscular system"

42 terms
Honors Anatomy- Muscular System
excitability
contractibility
extensibility
elasticity
property of muscle tissue; capacity of muscle to respond to s…
property of muscle tissue; ability of a muscle to shorten wit…
property of muscle tissue; ability to stretch when muscle is…
property of muscle tissue; ability of muscle to recoil to ori…
excitability
property of muscle tissue; capacity of muscle to respond to s…
contractibility
property of muscle tissue; ability of a muscle to shorten wit…
105 terms
Honors Anatomy: The Muscular System
muscle fibers
skeletal muscle fibers
striated muscle
voluntary muscle
muscle cells that make up muscle tissue
cells that make up skeletal muscles
skeletal muscle with fibers arranged in stripes
skeletal muscle that is subject to conscious control
muscle fibers
muscle cells that make up muscle tissue
skeletal muscle fibers
cells that make up skeletal muscles
40 terms
Honors Anatomy: Muscular System
Tendons
Aponeurosis
origin
insertion
connect muscle to bone
connect muscle to muscle (example: abs)
attachment of muscle that doesn't move
attachment of muscle that does move
Tendons
connect muscle to bone
Aponeurosis
connect muscle to muscle (example: abs)
76 terms
The Muscular System (Anatomy Honors)
Muscle fibers
Muscle fibers
Sarcoplasmic reticulum
Sacro
Muscle cells
Long (12" or more), thin, parallel to each other
ER of muscle cells; stores calcium ions
Flesh
Muscle fibers
Muscle cells
Muscle fibers
Long (12" or more), thin, parallel to each other
Honors Anatomy: The Muscular System
A band
I band
isometric contraction
Prime Mover
dark band- the entire length of the thick filament
light band- contains only thin filaments
contraction where the muscle is unable to shorten or produce…
muscle with the major responsibility for a certain movement
A band
dark band- the entire length of the thick filament
I band
light band- contains only thin filaments
38 terms
Honors Anatomy: Muscular System Test
Skeletal
Skeletal
Cardiac
Tendons
Only __________ muscle cells are cylindrical and multinucleat…
The muscle tissue that normally exhibits voluntary contractio…
Only __________ muscle cells possess intercalated discs.
Skeletal muscle is often attached to bone by strong, cordlike…
Skeletal
Only __________ muscle cells are cylindrical and multinucleat…
Skeletal
The muscle tissue that normally exhibits voluntary contractio…
Honors Anatomy Test: Muscular System
endomysium
epimysium
perimysium
muscle fibers
thin connective tissue wrapping that covers each muscle cell
connective tissue wrapping that covers the entire muscle cell
connective tissue wrapping that surrounds a group of cells
are elongated muscle cells
endomysium
thin connective tissue wrapping that covers each muscle cell
epimysium
connective tissue wrapping that covers the entire muscle cell
12 terms
Honors Anatomy - Muscular System Terms
actin
All-or-more principle
Antagonist
Aponeurosis
Contractile protein in the thin filaments if skeletal muscle…
An individual muscle fiber (cell) contracts to the greatest o…
A muscle that has an action that is opposite to the prime mover
broad, flat sheet of connective tissue that connects one musc…
actin
Contractile protein in the thin filaments if skeletal muscle…
All-or-more principle
An individual muscle fiber (cell) contracts to the greatest o…
Chapter 9 Muscular System, Honors Anatomy
skeletal muscle
smooth muscle
cardiac muscle
what creates striated appearance of mu…
voluntary, multinucleated 1000-2000 myofibrils
involuntary, visceral & multiunit
involuntary, 1 nucleus, high # of mitochondria
the organization of actin & myosin filaments
skeletal muscle
voluntary, multinucleated 1000-2000 myofibrils
smooth muscle
involuntary, visceral & multiunit
10 terms
Honors Anatomy - Muscular System PSR
Inter-
Myo-
Sarco-
-troph-
between (ex: intercostal - between the ribs)
muscle (ex: myocardium - heart muscle)
flesh or fleshy (ex: sarcoma - connective tissue tumor)
nourish (ex: hypertrophy - enlargement or overnourishment)
Inter-
between (ex: intercostal - between the ribs)
Myo-
muscle (ex: myocardium - heart muscle)
38 terms
Muscular system notes- Honors Anatomy
Basic muscles types
Skeletal and smooth muscle cells are...
Myo and mys are prefixes to...
Sarco is a prefix to...
Skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, smooth muscle
Elongated
Muscles
Flesh
Basic muscles types
Skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, smooth muscle
Skeletal and smooth muscle cells are...
Elongated
37 terms
honors anatomy & physiology - muscular system
epimysium
perimysium
endomysium
aponeurosis
outermost layer, surrounds entire muscle
separates and surrounds fascicles
surrounds each individual muscle fiber
fibrous membranous sheet connecting a muscle and the part it…
epimysium
outermost layer, surrounds entire muscle
perimysium
separates and surrounds fascicles
10 terms
Honors Anatomy Muscular System Midterm
Flexion
Extension
Adbuction
Adduction
decrease in the angle at the joint between articulating bones
decrease in the angle at the joint
movement away from the body's midline
movement toward the body's midline
Flexion
decrease in the angle at the joint between articulating bones
Extension
decrease in the angle at the joint
Honors Anatomy Muscular System Terms (Chapter 7)
skeletal muscles
epimysium
perimysium
fascicle
organs composed primarily of skeletal muscle tissue- they als…
a layer of collagen fibers that surrounds the entire muscle;…
connective tissue fibers that divide the skeletal muscle into…
a compartment containing a bundle of muscle fibers
skeletal muscles
organs composed primarily of skeletal muscle tissue- they als…
epimysium
a layer of collagen fibers that surrounds the entire muscle;…
46 terms
Honors Anatomy/Physiology Unit 8: Muscular System
Biceps brachii
Triceps brachii
Deltoid
Gastrocnemius
The muscle used to flex the arm.
The muscle used to extend the arm.
The muscle used to abduct the arm.
The muscle used to extend the foot (plantar flexion).
Biceps brachii
The muscle used to flex the arm.
Triceps brachii
The muscle used to extend the arm.
24 terms
Ch. 10// The Muscular System// Honors Anatomy & Physiology
1. Prime mover or agonist
2. Antagonist
3. Synergists
4. Fixators
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
Muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement are an…
Synergists help muscle movement by either adding a little ext…
When synergists immobilize a bone, or a muscle's origin so th…
1. Prime mover or agonist
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
2. Antagonist
Muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement are an…
Ch. 10// The Muscular System// Honors Anatomy & Physiology
1. Prime mover or agonist
2. Antagonist
3. Synergists
4. Fixators
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
Muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement are an…
Synergists help muscle movement by either adding a little ext…
When synergists immobilize a bone, or a muscle's origin so th…
1. Prime mover or agonist
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
2. Antagonist
Muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement are an…
Muscular System - Honors
Quadriceps
Hamstrings
Biceps Brachii
Triceps Brachii
Extend the knee and flex the hip
Flex the knee and extend the hip
Supinate and Flex the eblow
Extend the elbow
Quadriceps
Extend the knee and flex the hip
Hamstrings
Flex the knee and extend the hip
21 terms
Muscular System part 1 anatomy honors
perimysium
epimysium
sacromere
fiber
connective tissue surrounding fascicle
connective tissue ensheathing the entire muscle
contractile unit of muscle
a muscle cell
perimysium
connective tissue surrounding fascicle
epimysium
connective tissue ensheathing the entire muscle
53 terms
Honors Anatomy Chapter 8: The Muscular System
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
Functions of Skeletal muscle
* location: walls of the viscera (organs), blood vessels, bro…
* found only in the heart... * striated... * involuntary... *cardiac c…
* generally attached to bone... * voluntary muscle... * cells are l…
* produce movement... * maintain body posture... * stabilize joints…
Smooth Muscle
* location: walls of the viscera (organs), blood vessels, bro…
Cardiac Muscle
* found only in the heart... * striated... * involuntary... *cardiac c…
250 terms
muscular system // chp 10 & 11 // honors anatomy
cross at least one joint
bulk of muscle is proximal to joint cr…
there are at least 2 attachments, orig…
only pull, never push
what is one of the five golden rules of skeletal muscle activ…
what is one of the five golden rules of skeletal muscle activ…
what is one of the five golden rules of skeletal muscle activ…
what is one of the five golden rules of skeletal muscle activ…
cross at least one joint
what is one of the five golden rules of skeletal muscle activ…
bulk of muscle is proximal to joint cr…
what is one of the five golden rules of skeletal muscle activ…
204 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology: Muscular System (Chapter 10-11)
Muscular System
Skeletal Muscles
Cardiac Muscles
Smooth Muscles
Contains at least 320 paired muscles. 850 total. All cells co…
They are attached to the bones and skin. They are striated, v…
They are located at the walls of the heart. They are striated…
They are located on the walls of hollow internal structures.…
Muscular System
Contains at least 320 paired muscles. 850 total. All cells co…
Skeletal Muscles
They are attached to the bones and skin. They are striated, v…
12 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology Terms- Muscular System
Actin
All-or-none principle
Antagonist
Aponeurosis
Contractile protein in the thin filaments of skeletal muscle…
An individual muscle fiber (cell) contracts to the greatest o…
A muscle that has an action that is opposite to the prime mov…
Broad, flat sheet of connective tissue that connects one musc…
Actin
Contractile protein in the thin filaments of skeletal muscle…
All-or-none principle
An individual muscle fiber (cell) contracts to the greatest o…
18 terms
Human Anatomy Honors: Muscular System: part 1
Frontalalis
obicularis oculi
temporalis
zygomaticus
Frontalalis
obicularis oculi
Vocab. Chapter 10 - The Muscular System Anatomy and Physiology Honors
1. prime mover or agonist
2. antagonist
3.synergists
4. fixators
a muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement.... -When…
muscles that help prime movers in two ways:... 1) adding a littl…
when synergists immobilize a bone, or a muscle's origin so th…
1. prime mover or agonist
a muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
2. antagonist
muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement.... -When…
29 terms
honors anatomy unit 5 lesson 1 - intro to the muscular system
Muscular System
muscle
skeletal muscle
cardiac muscle
system composed of skeletal, smooth, and cardiac muscle tissu…
a contractile organ consisting of a bundle of muscle tissue,…
a. voluntary... b. striated... c. multinucleated... d. attaches to bon…
a. involuntary... b. striated... c. branched... d. intercalated discs…
Muscular System
system composed of skeletal, smooth, and cardiac muscle tissu…
muscle
a contractile organ consisting of a bundle of muscle tissue,…
NHS - Anatomy (Muscular System)
skeletal muscle
cardiac muscle
smooth muscle
striated
A muscle that is attached to the bones of the skeleton and pr…
Muscle of the heart
Involuntary muscle found inside many internal organs of the b…
striped
skeletal muscle
A muscle that is attached to the bones of the skeleton and pr…
cardiac muscle
Muscle of the heart
Muscular System - Honors
Quadriceps
Hamstrings
Biceps Brachii
Triceps Brachii
Extend the knee and flex the hip
Flex the knee and extend the hip
Supinate and Flex the eblow
Extend the elbow
Quadriceps
Extend the knee and flex the hip
Hamstrings
Flex the knee and extend the hip
72 terms
Honors Muscular System Allaway
skeletal muscles
percentage of body weight skeletal mus…
striations
characteristics of skeletal muscle
aka voluntary or striated
40-50
stripes
contractility, irritability, extensibility, and elastibility
skeletal muscles
aka voluntary or striated
percentage of body weight skeletal mus…
40-50
28 terms
honors human anatomy 7.1 muscular system vocabulary
skeletal muscle
contractility
excitability
extensability
tissue attached to bones
the ability to shorten in length
the ability to be stimulated by and electrical impulse
the ability to be stretched
skeletal muscle
tissue attached to bones
contractility
the ability to shorten in length
36 terms
Gross Anatomy of the Muscular System
Biceps Brachii
Brachialis
Triceps Brachii
Pronator Teres
-location: most familiar muscle of the anterior humerus becau…
-location: immediately deep to biceps brachii... -origin: distal…
-location: large fleshy muscle of posterior humerus, three he…
-location: seen in a superficial view between proximal margin…
Biceps Brachii
-location: most familiar muscle of the anterior humerus becau…
Brachialis
-location: immediately deep to biceps brachii... -origin: distal…
48 terms
Human Anatomy - Muscular System
3 Muscle Tissue Types
Skeletal Muscles
Cardiac
Smooth
Skeletal... Cardiac... Smooth
- Striated, Multinucleated, & Voluntary. Found attached to bo…
Striated, Uninucliate, involuntary... Found in myocardium of the…
Forms sheets, non-striated, involuntary, uninucliate. Found i…
3 Muscle Tissue Types
Skeletal... Cardiac... Smooth
Skeletal Muscles
- Striated, Multinucleated, & Voluntary. Found attached to bo…
37 terms
Anatomy Chapter 8 Muscular System
fascia
myofibrils
myosin and actin
sacromeres
a band or sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers, sup…
play a fundamental role in muscle contraction, composed of 2…
a type of protein filament that interacts with actin filament…
the smallest contractile unit of muscle: striations form a re…
fascia
a band or sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers, sup…
myofibrils
play a fundamental role in muscle contraction, composed of 2…
20 terms
Muscular System Anatomy
Trapezius
Frontalis
Deltoid
Pectoralis major
Trapezius
Frontalis
Vocab. Chapter 10 - The Muscular System Anatomy and Physiology Honors
1. Prime mover or Agonist
2. antagonist
3.synergists
4. fixators
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement.... -When…
muscles that help prime movers in two ways:... 1) adding a littl…
when synergists immobilize a bone, or a muscle's origin so th…
1. Prime mover or Agonist
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
2. antagonist
muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement.... -When…
106 terms
Muscular System Anatomy Review
Deltoid
Biceps Brachii
Brachialis
Brachioradialis
Deltoid
Biceps Brachii
22 terms
gross anatomy of muscular system
gluteus maximus
gluteus maximus
adductor magnus
adductor magnus
location of muscle relative to a bone or body region
relative size of muscle
action of the muscle
relative size of muscle
gluteus maximus
location of muscle relative to a bone or body region
gluteus maximus
relative size of muscle
Anatomy Muscular System unit
Skeletal Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Fascicle
striated elongated cells called fibers, these cells are multi…
Not striated structure and arranged in flat sheets and layers…
striated and arranged in branching chains in "figure 8" bundl…
bundle of muscle fibers
Skeletal Muscle
striated elongated cells called fibers, these cells are multi…
Smooth Muscle
Not striated structure and arranged in flat sheets and layers…
25 terms
Anatomy of Muscular System
Tendon
An aponeurosis
Fascicle
Perimysium
Tough fibrous tissue which connects skeletal muscle to bones.
is a flat broad area of connective tissue which allows tendon…
a group of muscle fibres
this is a covering which surrounds a fascicle( bundle) muscle…
Tendon
Tough fibrous tissue which connects skeletal muscle to bones.
An aponeurosis
is a flat broad area of connective tissue which allows tendon…
79 terms
Human Anatomy: The Muscular System
Five Skeletal muscle functions
Muscle Fiber
Epimysium
Perimysium
Movement, maintaining posture, supporting soft tissues, guard…
a single muscle cell
covers the entire muscle
divides muscles into bundles called fascicles; contains the b…
Five Skeletal muscle functions
Movement, maintaining posture, supporting soft tissues, guard…
Muscle Fiber
a single muscle cell
108 terms
Muscular System - Anatomy
Occipitalis
Frontalis
Zygomaticus minor
Levator labii superioris
Draws scalp backward
Elevates eyebrows, wrinkles skin of forehead
Draws upper lip upward and outward
Elevates upper lip
Occipitalis
Draws scalp backward
Frontalis
Elevates eyebrows, wrinkles skin of forehead
30 terms
Anatomy: Muscular System
orbicularis oculi
orbicularis oris
masseter
sternocleidomastoid
origin: Maxilla.... insertion: Around the eye.... action: blinking.
origin: maxilla.... insertion: lips.... action: closes lips.
origin: Zygomatic.... insertion: mandible.... action: elevates mand…
origin: sternum.... insertion: temporal.... action: flexes neck, el…
orbicularis oculi
origin: Maxilla.... insertion: Around the eye.... action: blinking.
orbicularis oris
origin: maxilla.... insertion: lips.... action: closes lips.
44 terms
Anatomy- muscular system
Functions
3 types of muscle fibers
How many muscles
Sliding filament theory
Movement, maintain posture, produce heat.
Voluntary- attached to bones, involuntary- found in the walls…
600+, 2/3 are voluntary
When a muscle contraction, actin slides past myosin shortenin…
Functions
Movement, maintain posture, produce heat.
3 types of muscle fibers
Voluntary- attached to bones, involuntary- found in the walls…
59 terms
Gross Anatomy of Muscular System
Buccinator
Temporalis
Masseter
Sternocleidomastoid
Helps along with masseter to close the jaw.
Fan shaped muscle that lies over parts of frontal, parietal a…
Helps along with buccinator to close the jaw. Remember "masti…
Flexion of the neck (Sternum, clavicle and mastoid process)
Buccinator
Helps along with masseter to close the jaw.
Temporalis
Fan shaped muscle that lies over parts of frontal, parietal a…
56 terms
Muscular System Anatomy
Orbicularis Super oculi
orbicularis oculi
deltoid
biceps brachii
part around the orbicularis oculi
Orbicularis Super oculi
part around the orbicularis oculi
orbicularis oculi
59 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - Muscular Unit
Frontalis
Occipitalis
Sternocleidomastoid
Trapezius
(forehead) raises eyebrows
(face) moves scalp
(neck) flexes neck, rotates head
(upper back) moves head, shrugs
Frontalis
(forehead) raises eyebrows
Occipitalis
(face) moves scalp
Anatomy Of Muscular System
Orbicularis Oculi
Nasalis
Levator Labii Superioris Alaeque Nasi
Levator Labii Superioris
little circle around eye
nasal
nasal companies
lift (lip or fold) upper
Orbicularis Oculi
little circle around eye
Nasalis
nasal
Anatomy Lecture: The Muscular System
Skeletal Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Skeletal muscles explained
Striated and voluntary ... Everything else
Striated and involuntary... heart
unstriated and involuntary ... digestive, urinary bladder, blood…
Attach to bones by tendons ... Voluntary ... Mutinucleated, striate…
Skeletal Muscle
Striated and voluntary ... Everything else
Cardiac Muscle
Striated and involuntary... heart
muscular system I honors anatomy/physiology - dr. king
striated skeletal muscle
myofilaments
sarcoplasm
endomysium
The upper end of the esophagus is made up of
The contractile proteins, actin and myosin, of muscle cells
Cytoplasm of a muscle fiber
The delicate connective tissue surrounding the individual mus…
striated skeletal muscle
The upper end of the esophagus is made up of
myofilaments
The contractile proteins, actin and myosin, of muscle cells
33 terms
Muscular System - Gross Anatomy
Skeletal Muscle Structure
Agonist
Antagonist
Synergists
Prime mover: Muscles that are responsible for producing a par…
Muscles that oppose or reverse a movement
Muscles that aid the action of antagonists either by assistin…
Skeletal Muscle Structure
Agonist
Prime mover: Muscles that are responsible for producing a par…
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