How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "honors anatomy physiology system biology 1"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "honors anatomy physiology system biology 1"

75 terms
Biology Honors: Anatomy and Physiology
Ingestion
Digestion
Mechanically, Chemically
Absorption
act of eating or taking in food
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
Digestion is __________ first, ___________ second.
Cells lining digestive track take up small molecules from dig…
Ingestion
act of eating or taking in food
Digestion
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
75 terms
Biology Honors: Anatomy and Physiology
Ingestion
Digestion
Digestion is __________ first, _______…
Absorption
act of eating or taking in food
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
Mechanically, Chemically
Cells lining digestive track take up small molecules from dig…
Ingestion
act of eating or taking in food
Digestion
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
75 terms
Biology Honors: Anatomy and Physiology
Ingestion
Digestion
Digestion is __________ first, _______…
Absorption
act of eating or taking in food
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
Mechanically, Chemically
Cells lining digestive track take up small molecules from dig…
Ingestion
act of eating or taking in food
Digestion
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
75 terms
Biology Honors: Anatomy and Physiology
Ingestion
Digestion
Digestion is __________ first, _______…
Absorption
act of eating or taking in food
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
Mechanically, Chemically
Cells lining digestive track take up small molecules from dig…
Ingestion
act of eating or taking in food
Digestion
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
12 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - Systems
Integumentary
Skeletal
Muscular
Nervous
This system includes the skin and its appendages (hair, nails…
This system includes bones and related tissues such as cartil…
This system makes movement possible and generates the heat re…
This system is composed of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves…
Integumentary
This system includes the skin and its appendages (hair, nails…
Skeletal
This system includes bones and related tissues such as cartil…
66 terms
Honors Biology Anatomy and Physiology
Red Marrow/Yellow Marrow
Spongy Bone/Compact Bone
Hinge Joint/Fixed Joint
Myofibril/Myofibrilament
The first is a type of marrow that produces red blood cells,…
The first is a type of bone that is light and porous. The sec…
The first is a type of joint that is able to move back and fo…
The first is a basic rod like unit of a muscle.
Red Marrow/Yellow Marrow
The first is a type of marrow that produces red blood cells,…
Spongy Bone/Compact Bone
The first is a type of bone that is light and porous. The sec…
11 terms
Systems honors anatomy and physiology
Integumentary
Skeletal
Muscular
Nervous
Hair, skin, nails, physical protection, temperature regulatio…
Bones, cartilage, structure=allows movement, storage=calcium+…
Muscles: skeletal (voluntary), cardiac and smooth (involuntary)
Nerves, spinal cord, brain takes and processes= response
Integumentary
Hair, skin, nails, physical protection, temperature regulatio…
Skeletal
Bones, cartilage, structure=allows movement, storage=calcium+…
61 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - Endocrine System
Growth Hormone (GH)
Prolactin (PRL)
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
Encourages body growth by stimulating both cell division and…
Stimulates and maintains milk production
Controls thyroid gland secretions
Instructs adrenal cortex to make cortisol
Growth Hormone (GH)
Encourages body growth by stimulating both cell division and…
Prolactin (PRL)
Stimulates and maintains milk production
55 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - The Lymphatic System
lymphatic system functions
lymphatic vessels
lymphatic nodes
lymphatic capillaries
regulates pressure; filter/regulator of water
run parallel to capillary bed; valves to prevent backflow
specialized organs that filter lymph, make WBCs
extend into interstitial spaces, parallel to blood capillarie…
lymphatic system functions
regulates pressure; filter/regulator of water
lymphatic vessels
run parallel to capillary bed; valves to prevent backflow
121 terms
The Nervous System - Honors Anatomy & Physiology
Olfactory Nerve
Optic Nerve
Oculomotor Nerve
Trochlear Nerve
"On"... Cranial nerve I... Sensory nerve that transmits impulses as…
"On"... Cranial nerve II... Sensory nerve that transmits impulses a…
"On"... Cranial nerve III... Motor nerve that transmits impulses to…
"They"... Cranial nerve IV... Motor nerve that transmits impulses t…
Olfactory Nerve
"On"... Cranial nerve I... Sensory nerve that transmits impulses as…
Optic Nerve
"On"... Cranial nerve II... Sensory nerve that transmits impulses a…
70 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Unit 1
Anatomy
Morphology
Physiology
Dynamic
Structure of the body parts
Form & shape, naming, location, relationships... - relates to an…
Function of the body parts... - what they do and how they work.…
Moving, action, energetic... - relates to physiology
Anatomy
Structure of the body parts
Morphology
Form & shape, naming, location, relationships... - relates to an…
72 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - Cardiovascular System
Transportation
Epicardium
Myocardium
Endocardium
Main function
Outer layer; pericardium
Cardiac muscle
endothelium lines chamber
Transportation
Main function
Epicardium
Outer layer; pericardium
44 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology Ch.1
What is the order of the levels of str…
When too high or too low, physiologica…
The abdominopelvic and thoracic caviti…
The cranial and spinal cavities are pa…
Chemicals-Cells-Tissues-Organs-Organ systems- Organism
body temperature
Ventral
Dorsal
What is the order of the levels of str…
Chemicals-Cells-Tissues-Organs-Organ systems- Organism
When too high or too low, physiologica…
body temperature
68 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Integumentary System
Resistance to internal trauma and infe…
Vitamin D synthesis
Sensation
thermoregulation
function of the integumentary system
function of the integumentary system
function of the integumentary system
function of the integumentary system
Resistance to internal trauma and infe…
function of the integumentary system
Vitamin D synthesis
function of the integumentary system
41 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - Digestive System
What are the functions of the digestiv…
What are 2 types of digestion?
What is the pathway of food as it trav…
What is mastication?
Propulsion... Absorption... Digestion... Defecation... Ingestion
Mechanical... Chemical
Mouth... Pharynx... Esophagus... Stomach... Small Intestine... Large Intesti…
Chewing
What are the functions of the digestiv…
Propulsion... Absorption... Digestion... Defecation... Ingestion
What are 2 types of digestion?
Mechanical... Chemical
21 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - Skeletal System
What are the functions of the skeleton?
How do you distinguish the axial and a…
What are the shapes/classifications of…
What is an epiphyseal plate? How does…
support, movement, protection, formation of blood cells, stor…
The axial skeleton makes up our central axis and consists of…
Long bones: Longer than they are wide (e.g. femur, metacarpal…
An epiphyseal plate is a hyaline cartilage plate (growth plat…
What are the functions of the skeleton?
support, movement, protection, formation of blood cells, stor…
How do you distinguish the axial and a…
The axial skeleton makes up our central axis and consists of…
Honors Anatomy &Physiology 1
superior (cranial)
inferior(caudal)
ventral(anterior)
dorsal(posterior)
toward the head
away from the head
toward front of the body
toward or at the back
superior (cranial)
toward the head
inferior(caudal)
away from the head
144 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology: Integumentary System (Chapter 5)
Integumentary System
Cutaneous Membrane
Accessory Structures
Hypodermis/Subcutaneous Layer
The body system that accounts for 16% of body weight. It is t…
A component of the integumentary system that contains the der…
A component of the integumentary system. Examples include hai…
The connective tissue found below the integumentary system. I…
Integumentary System
The body system that accounts for 16% of body weight. It is t…
Cutaneous Membrane
A component of the integumentary system that contains the der…
102 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System (Chapter 6)
Skeleton
Skeletal System
Bone Markings
Long Bones
Made up of bone for support and cartilage for flexibility. It…
Makes up 14% of a person's body weight. There are 300 bones i…
Surface features of bones that can determine the size, age, s…
Long and slender bones. They have three parts the epiphysis (…
Skeleton
Made up of bone for support and cartilage for flexibility. It…
Skeletal System
Makes up 14% of a person's body weight. There are 300 bones i…
61 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Nervous System
functions of the nervous system
central nervous system is what and per…
soma-
what does somatic control
sensory, integration, and motor
CNS - brain and spinal cord... PNS - everything after
body
skeletal muscles (vision, hearing, touch)
functions of the nervous system
sensory, integration, and motor
central nervous system is what and per…
CNS - brain and spinal cord... PNS - everything after
16 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Honors 1
Acetylcholine
Action Potential
All or None Law
Axon
A neurotransmitter chemical that stimulates the muscle
The electric charge produced in nerve or muscle fiber by stim…
The fibers in a given motor unit always develop maximum tensi…
A long, thin fiber connected to the motor neuron cell body
Acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter chemical that stimulates the muscle
Action Potential
The electric charge produced in nerve or muscle fiber by stim…
65 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Unit 1: Biology & Chemistry Review
Homeostatis (Receptor)
Homeostatis (Set Point)
Homeostatis (Effectors)
Homeostatis Schedule
Tells the body: What's going on? (about stimuli)
Tells the body the right value (Ex. Temperature)
Changes internal conditions to adjust what's going on
Receptor, Set Point, Control Center (compares value to normal…
Homeostatis (Receptor)
Tells the body: What's going on? (about stimuli)
Homeostatis (Set Point)
Tells the body the right value (Ex. Temperature)
56 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Honors Chapter 1
Autoregulation
Extrinsic Regulation
Receptor
Control Center
is a manifestation of the regulation of blood flow.
Homeostatic regulation which results from the activities of t…
monitors change in a controlled condition and sends input to…
info flows from receptor to control center along a pathway kn…
Autoregulation
is a manifestation of the regulation of blood flow.
Extrinsic Regulation
Homeostatic regulation which results from the activities of t…
106 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Nervous System
functions of the nervous system
neuron
branches of the nervous system
somatic nervous system
sensory, integration, motor.
sends information and receives information
nervous system includes the central nervous system and the pe…
under the peripheral nervous system--have control over body m…
functions of the nervous system
sensory, integration, motor.
neuron
sends information and receives information
29 terms
Skeletal System - Anatomy and Physiology Honors
central canals
lacunae
lamellae
osteoblasts
located in the center of the osteon; contains blood vessels
little spaces that house the bone cells
concentric layers of bone; means "thin plates" in latin
bone cells that maintain bone and help release calcium from b…
central canals
located in the center of the osteon; contains blood vessels
lacunae
little spaces that house the bone cells
37 terms
honors anatomy & physiology - muscular system
epimysium
perimysium
endomysium
aponeurosis
outermost layer, surrounds entire muscle
separates and surrounds fascicles
surrounds each individual muscle fiber
fibrous membranous sheet connecting a muscle and the part it…
epimysium
outermost layer, surrounds entire muscle
perimysium
separates and surrounds fascicles
20 terms
Cardiovascular System Anatomy and Physiology Honors
Anemia
Angina Pectoris
Ischemia
Fibrillation
Lack of blood
Chest pains caused by oxygen deprivation
Restriction in blood supply to tissues causing oxygen/glucose…
Rapid, uncoordinated, shuttering of the heart muscle
Anemia
Lack of blood
Angina Pectoris
Chest pains caused by oxygen deprivation
70 terms
nervous system - anatomy & physiology honors
functions of the nervous system (3)
what is the sensory input? (function o…
what is integration? (function of NS)
what is the motor output? (function)
1) sensory input... 2) integration... 3) motor output
gathers information to monitor changes in stimuli inside and…
processes and interprets sensory input and decides if action…
a response to the stimuli by activating muscles or glands
functions of the nervous system (3)
1) sensory input... 2) integration... 3) motor output
what is the sensory input? (function o…
gathers information to monitor changes in stimuli inside and…
26 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - The Urinary System
What are the functions of the urinary…
Which organs are involved in the urina…
How does the male urethra differ from…
Regions of the Kidney
1. Elimination of waste products... 2. Regulate aspects of homeo…
1. Kidneys... 2. Ureters... 3. Urinary Bladder... 4. Urethra
The male urethra is longer than that of the female and can pa…
1. Renal Cortex (outer region)... 2. Renal Medulla (inside the c…
What are the functions of the urinary…
1. Elimination of waste products... 2. Regulate aspects of homeo…
Which organs are involved in the urina…
1. Kidneys... 2. Ureters... 3. Urinary Bladder... 4. Urethra
18 terms
Ch.11// Fundamentals of the Nervous System// Honors Anatomy & Physiology// Part 1
1. Action potential
2. Astrocytes
3. Autonomic
4. Axon
An action potential is a brief reversal of membrane potential…
Astrocytes are the most abundant and versatile glial cells.... 1…
Autonomic means "a law unto itself," and we generally cannot…
The conducting region of the neuron (generates and transports…
1. Action potential
An action potential is a brief reversal of membrane potential…
2. Astrocytes
Astrocytes are the most abundant and versatile glial cells.... 1…
29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology Systems
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Honors Biology II Anatomy and Physiology Anatomical Terms Quiz 1
AB-
AD-
ANTE-
ANTI-
From, away
To, near, toward
Before
Against
AB-
From, away
AD-
To, near, toward
29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology, Systems
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
60 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 24 Digestive System
alimentary canal
accessory organs
mechanical digestion
mastication
gastrointestinal tract (GI tract), oral cavity, pharynx, esop…
teeth, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder
mastication, peristalsis, and segmentation
chewing
alimentary canal
gastrointestinal tract (GI tract), oral cavity, pharynx, esop…
accessory organs
teeth, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder
60 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 24 Digestive System
alimentary canal
accessory organs
mechanical digestion
mastication
gastrointestinal tract (GI tract), oral cavity, pharynx, esop…
teeth, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder
mastication, peristalsis, and segmentation
chewing
alimentary canal
gastrointestinal tract (GI tract), oral cavity, pharynx, esop…
accessory organs
teeth, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder
Honors Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7: The Nervous System
sensory input
integration
motor output
Central Nervous System (CNS)
gathering info, monitor changes in and outside the body... *chan…
process & interpret input & decide on action
response to stimuli, activates muscles or glands
brain and spinal cord
sensory input
gathering info, monitor changes in and outside the body... *chan…
integration
process & interpret input & decide on action
39 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Body Systems and Orientation
Atoms
Cells
Tissues
Organ
tiny building blocks of matter, combine to form molecules suc…
the smallest units of all living things
groups of similar cells that have a common function
a structure composed of two or more tissue types that perform…
Atoms
tiny building blocks of matter, combine to form molecules suc…
Cells
the smallest units of all living things
46 terms
Honors Biology Anatomy and Physiology 6.1-6.2
Digestive System
Circulatory System
White Blood Cells
Heart
breaks down food into a form that cells can use
transports materials to and from the cells
seek and destroy foreign invaders in the body
pumps the blood throughout the body
Digestive System
breaks down food into a form that cells can use
Circulatory System
transports materials to and from the cells
18 terms
Ch.11 Part 1// Fundamentals of the Nervous System// Honors Anatomy & Physiology
1. Action potential
2. Astrocytes
3. Autonomic
4. Axon
An action potential is a brief reversal of membrane potential…
Astrocytes are the most abundant and versatile glial cells.... 1…
Autonomic means "a law unto itself," and we generally cannot…
The conducting region of the neuron (generates and transports…
1. Action potential
An action potential is a brief reversal of membrane potential…
2. Astrocytes
Astrocytes are the most abundant and versatile glial cells.... 1…
24 terms
Ch. 10// The Muscular System// Honors Anatomy & Physiology
1. Prime mover or agonist
2. Antagonist
3. Synergists
4. Fixators
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
Muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement are an…
Synergists help muscle movement by either adding a little ext…
When synergists immobilize a bone, or a muscle's origin so th…
1. Prime mover or agonist
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
2. Antagonist
Muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement are an…
36 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 26 Urinary System
functions of the urinary system
anatomy of the urinary system
kidneys
renal anatomy
regulate blood pressure, regulate ions--Na+ K+ Cl- H+ Ca++, h…
kidneys, ureters, bladder, left kidney is more cranial.
retroperitoneal; kidneys have their own pouch.
cortex, medulla, and renal pelvis; hilus, major and minor cal…
functions of the urinary system
regulate blood pressure, regulate ions--Na+ K+ Cl- H+ Ca++, h…
anatomy of the urinary system
kidneys, ureters, bladder, left kidney is more cranial.
52 terms
Quiz #1 Honors Anatomy and Physiology
a-; an-
ab-
-able
ac-
not; without; lacking; deficient
away from; out from
capable of
to; toward
a-; an-
not; without; lacking; deficient
ab-
away from; out from
24 terms
Ch. 10// The Muscular System// Honors Anatomy & Physiology
1. Prime mover or agonist
2. Antagonist
3. Synergists
4. Fixators
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
Muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement are an…
Synergists help muscle movement by either adding a little ext…
When synergists immobilize a bone, or a muscle's origin so th…
1. Prime mover or agonist
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
2. Antagonist
Muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement are an…
98 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology Ch. 1
irritability and adaptability
all the chemical operations that occur…
growth
respiration
when organisms respond to changes and make adjustments in the…
metabolism is best defined as
differentiation of cells during development is directly relat…
the term used to refer to the absorption, transport, and use…
irritability and adaptability
when organisms respond to changes and make adjustments in the…
all the chemical operations that occur…
metabolism is best defined as
115 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Honors Chapter 1
Anatomy
Physiology
Morphoogy
Fine (microscopic) Anatomy
The structural makeup of an organism; view the body with your…
The functions of an organism
The structural makeup of an organism; referring to difference…
The study of anatomy concerned with microscopic features of t…
Anatomy
The structural makeup of an organism; view the body with your…
Physiology
The functions of an organism
98 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1
Anabolism
Catabolism
Cardiovascular system
Endocrine system
Assembly of complex molecules from simpler molecules
Breaking down molecules into simpler ones
System that carries oxygen and nutrients to the cells and rem…
System that secretes hormones that regulate processes such as…
Anabolism
Assembly of complex molecules from simpler molecules
Catabolism
Breaking down molecules into simpler ones
50 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1
Anatomy
Physiology
Chemical Level
Molecules
Studies of the structure of living organisms.
Study of the function of living organisms.
The simplest level of the structural hierarchy, level at whic…
Used to form organelles.
Anatomy
Studies of the structure of living organisms.
Physiology
Study of the function of living organisms.
Anatomy and Physiology Honors - Chapter 1
The branch of biologic science that st…
The study of the shape and structure o…
The tendency of the body's systems to…
The term that indicates all chemical r…
Physiology
Anatomy
Homeostasis
Metabolism
The branch of biologic science that st…
Physiology
The study of the shape and structure o…
Anatomy
28 terms
Chapter 1 Anatomy and Physiology Honors
Anatomical Position
Superior/cranial
Inferior/Caudal
Anterior/Ventral
standard anatomical body position. body erect facing forward
Toward the head or upper part of a structure or the body; above
Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structur…
Toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Anatomical Position
standard anatomical body position. body erect facing forward
Superior/cranial
Toward the head or upper part of a structure or the body; above
65 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Honors Ch.1
Phsiology
Macroscopic
Anatomt
Development
Concerns the function of the bodies structural machinery
Anatomy is the study of large body structures that can be see…
Is the structure of body parts and their relationship to one…
_____ Anatomy trades structural changes in an individual from…
Phsiology
Concerns the function of the bodies structural machinery
Macroscopic
Anatomy is the study of large body structures that can be see…
1 of 10