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Study sets matching "honors anatomy physiology system biology 242"

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Study sets matching "honors anatomy physiology system biology 242"

75 terms
Biology Honors: Anatomy and Physiology
Ingestion
Digestion
Mechanically, Chemically
Absorption
act of eating or taking in food
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
Digestion is __________ first, ___________ second.
Cells lining digestive track take up small molecules from dig…
Ingestion
act of eating or taking in food
Digestion
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
75 terms
Biology Honors: Anatomy and Physiology
Ingestion
Digestion
Digestion is __________ first, _______…
Absorption
act of eating or taking in food
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
Mechanically, Chemically
Cells lining digestive track take up small molecules from dig…
Ingestion
act of eating or taking in food
Digestion
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
19 terms
Biology 242 human anatomy and physiology
what are the components of the Reflex…
What are the two parts of the Central…
What are the 3 Spinal Nerves Given?
Define Amitotic
1. Stimulus, 2. Receptors, 3. Afferent(sensory), 4. Integrati…
Brain and the Spinal Cord
Autonomic Nervous System (ANS)- involuntary ... Sympathetic nerv…
Neurons cannot reproduce. no Mitosis.
what are the components of the Reflex…
1. Stimulus, 2. Receptors, 3. Afferent(sensory), 4. Integrati…
What are the two parts of the Central…
Brain and the Spinal Cord
75 terms
Biology Honors: Anatomy and Physiology
Ingestion
Digestion
Digestion is __________ first, _______…
Absorption
act of eating or taking in food
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
Mechanically, Chemically
Cells lining digestive track take up small molecules from dig…
Ingestion
act of eating or taking in food
Digestion
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
75 terms
Biology Honors: Anatomy and Physiology
Ingestion
Digestion
Digestion is __________ first, _______…
Absorption
act of eating or taking in food
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
Mechanically, Chemically
Cells lining digestive track take up small molecules from dig…
Ingestion
act of eating or taking in food
Digestion
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
12 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - Systems
Integumentary
Skeletal
Muscular
Nervous
This system includes the skin and its appendages (hair, nails…
This system includes bones and related tissues such as cartil…
This system makes movement possible and generates the heat re…
This system is composed of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves…
Integumentary
This system includes the skin and its appendages (hair, nails…
Skeletal
This system includes bones and related tissues such as cartil…
66 terms
Honors Biology Anatomy and Physiology
Red Marrow/Yellow Marrow
Spongy Bone/Compact Bone
Hinge Joint/Fixed Joint
Myofibril/Myofibrilament
The first is a type of marrow that produces red blood cells,…
The first is a type of bone that is light and porous. The sec…
The first is a type of joint that is able to move back and fo…
The first is a basic rod like unit of a muscle.
Red Marrow/Yellow Marrow
The first is a type of marrow that produces red blood cells,…
Spongy Bone/Compact Bone
The first is a type of bone that is light and porous. The sec…
11 terms
Systems honors anatomy and physiology
Integumentary
Skeletal
Muscular
Nervous
Hair, skin, nails, physical protection, temperature regulatio…
Bones, cartilage, structure=allows movement, storage=calcium+…
Muscles: skeletal (voluntary), cardiac and smooth (involuntary)
Nerves, spinal cord, brain takes and processes= response
Integumentary
Hair, skin, nails, physical protection, temperature regulatio…
Skeletal
Bones, cartilage, structure=allows movement, storage=calcium+…
61 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - Endocrine System
Growth Hormone (GH)
Prolactin (PRL)
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
Encourages body growth by stimulating both cell division and…
Stimulates and maintains milk production
Controls thyroid gland secretions
Instructs adrenal cortex to make cortisol
Growth Hormone (GH)
Encourages body growth by stimulating both cell division and…
Prolactin (PRL)
Stimulates and maintains milk production
55 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - The Lymphatic System
lymphatic system functions
lymphatic vessels
lymphatic nodes
lymphatic capillaries
regulates pressure; filter/regulator of water
run parallel to capillary bed; valves to prevent backflow
specialized organs that filter lymph, make WBCs
extend into interstitial spaces, parallel to blood capillarie…
lymphatic system functions
regulates pressure; filter/regulator of water
lymphatic vessels
run parallel to capillary bed; valves to prevent backflow
121 terms
The Nervous System - Honors Anatomy & Physiology
Olfactory Nerve
Optic Nerve
Oculomotor Nerve
Trochlear Nerve
"On"... Cranial nerve I... Sensory nerve that transmits impulses as…
"On"... Cranial nerve II... Sensory nerve that transmits impulses a…
"On"... Cranial nerve III... Motor nerve that transmits impulses to…
"They"... Cranial nerve IV... Motor nerve that transmits impulses t…
Olfactory Nerve
"On"... Cranial nerve I... Sensory nerve that transmits impulses as…
Optic Nerve
"On"... Cranial nerve II... Sensory nerve that transmits impulses a…
72 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - Cardiovascular System
Transportation
Epicardium
Myocardium
Endocardium
Main function
Outer layer; pericardium
Cardiac muscle
endothelium lines chamber
Transportation
Main function
Epicardium
Outer layer; pericardium
68 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Integumentary System
Resistance to internal trauma and infe…
Vitamin D synthesis
Sensation
thermoregulation
function of the integumentary system
function of the integumentary system
function of the integumentary system
function of the integumentary system
Resistance to internal trauma and infe…
function of the integumentary system
Vitamin D synthesis
function of the integumentary system
41 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - Digestive System
What are the functions of the digestiv…
What are 2 types of digestion?
What is the pathway of food as it trav…
What is mastication?
Propulsion... Absorption... Digestion... Defecation... Ingestion
Mechanical... Chemical
Mouth... Pharynx... Esophagus... Stomach... Small Intestine... Large Intesti…
Chewing
What are the functions of the digestiv…
Propulsion... Absorption... Digestion... Defecation... Ingestion
What are 2 types of digestion?
Mechanical... Chemical
21 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - Skeletal System
What are the functions of the skeleton?
How do you distinguish the axial and a…
What are the shapes/classifications of…
What is an epiphyseal plate? How does…
support, movement, protection, formation of blood cells, stor…
The axial skeleton makes up our central axis and consists of…
Long bones: Longer than they are wide (e.g. femur, metacarpal…
An epiphyseal plate is a hyaline cartilage plate (growth plat…
What are the functions of the skeleton?
support, movement, protection, formation of blood cells, stor…
How do you distinguish the axial and a…
The axial skeleton makes up our central axis and consists of…
61 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Nervous System
functions of the nervous system
central nervous system is what and per…
soma-
what does somatic control
sensory, integration, and motor
CNS - brain and spinal cord... PNS - everything after
body
skeletal muscles (vision, hearing, touch)
functions of the nervous system
sensory, integration, and motor
central nervous system is what and per…
CNS - brain and spinal cord... PNS - everything after
106 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Nervous System
functions of the nervous system
neuron
branches of the nervous system
somatic nervous system
sensory, integration, motor.
sends information and receives information
nervous system includes the central nervous system and the pe…
under the peripheral nervous system--have control over body m…
functions of the nervous system
sensory, integration, motor.
neuron
sends information and receives information
29 terms
Skeletal System - Anatomy and Physiology Honors
central canals
lacunae
lamellae
osteoblasts
located in the center of the osteon; contains blood vessels
little spaces that house the bone cells
concentric layers of bone; means "thin plates" in latin
bone cells that maintain bone and help release calcium from b…
central canals
located in the center of the osteon; contains blood vessels
lacunae
little spaces that house the bone cells
37 terms
honors anatomy & physiology - muscular system
epimysium
perimysium
endomysium
aponeurosis
outermost layer, surrounds entire muscle
separates and surrounds fascicles
surrounds each individual muscle fiber
fibrous membranous sheet connecting a muscle and the part it…
epimysium
outermost layer, surrounds entire muscle
perimysium
separates and surrounds fascicles
20 terms
Cardiovascular System Anatomy and Physiology Honors
Anemia
Angina Pectoris
Ischemia
Fibrillation
Lack of blood
Chest pains caused by oxygen deprivation
Restriction in blood supply to tissues causing oxygen/glucose…
Rapid, uncoordinated, shuttering of the heart muscle
Anemia
Lack of blood
Angina Pectoris
Chest pains caused by oxygen deprivation
144 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology: Integumentary System (Chapter 5)
Integumentary System
Cutaneous Membrane
Accessory Structures
Hypodermis/Subcutaneous Layer
The body system that accounts for 16% of body weight. It is t…
A component of the integumentary system that contains the der…
A component of the integumentary system. Examples include hai…
The connective tissue found below the integumentary system. I…
Integumentary System
The body system that accounts for 16% of body weight. It is t…
Cutaneous Membrane
A component of the integumentary system that contains the der…
102 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System (Chapter 6)
Skeleton
Skeletal System
Bone Markings
Long Bones
Made up of bone for support and cartilage for flexibility. It…
Makes up 14% of a person's body weight. There are 300 bones i…
Surface features of bones that can determine the size, age, s…
Long and slender bones. They have three parts the epiphysis (…
Skeleton
Made up of bone for support and cartilage for flexibility. It…
Skeletal System
Makes up 14% of a person's body weight. There are 300 bones i…
70 terms
nervous system - anatomy & physiology honors
functions of the nervous system (3)
what is the sensory input? (function o…
what is integration? (function of NS)
what is the motor output? (function)
1) sensory input... 2) integration... 3) motor output
gathers information to monitor changes in stimuli inside and…
processes and interprets sensory input and decides if action…
a response to the stimuli by activating muscles or glands
functions of the nervous system (3)
1) sensory input... 2) integration... 3) motor output
what is the sensory input? (function o…
gathers information to monitor changes in stimuli inside and…
26 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - The Urinary System
What are the functions of the urinary…
Which organs are involved in the urina…
How does the male urethra differ from…
Regions of the Kidney
1. Elimination of waste products... 2. Regulate aspects of homeo…
1. Kidneys... 2. Ureters... 3. Urinary Bladder... 4. Urethra
The male urethra is longer than that of the female and can pa…
1. Renal Cortex (outer region)... 2. Renal Medulla (inside the c…
What are the functions of the urinary…
1. Elimination of waste products... 2. Regulate aspects of homeo…
Which organs are involved in the urina…
1. Kidneys... 2. Ureters... 3. Urinary Bladder... 4. Urethra
29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology Systems
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology, Systems
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
60 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 24 Digestive System
alimentary canal
accessory organs
mechanical digestion
mastication
gastrointestinal tract (GI tract), oral cavity, pharynx, esop…
teeth, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder
mastication, peristalsis, and segmentation
chewing
alimentary canal
gastrointestinal tract (GI tract), oral cavity, pharynx, esop…
accessory organs
teeth, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder
60 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 24 Digestive System
alimentary canal
accessory organs
mechanical digestion
mastication
gastrointestinal tract (GI tract), oral cavity, pharynx, esop…
teeth, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder
mastication, peristalsis, and segmentation
chewing
alimentary canal
gastrointestinal tract (GI tract), oral cavity, pharynx, esop…
accessory organs
teeth, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder
Honors Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7: The Nervous System
sensory input
integration
motor output
Central Nervous System (CNS)
gathering info, monitor changes in and outside the body... *chan…
process & interpret input & decide on action
response to stimuli, activates muscles or glands
brain and spinal cord
sensory input
gathering info, monitor changes in and outside the body... *chan…
integration
process & interpret input & decide on action
39 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Body Systems and Orientation
Atoms
Cells
Tissues
Organ
tiny building blocks of matter, combine to form molecules suc…
the smallest units of all living things
groups of similar cells that have a common function
a structure composed of two or more tissue types that perform…
Atoms
tiny building blocks of matter, combine to form molecules suc…
Cells
the smallest units of all living things
24 terms
Ch. 10// The Muscular System// Honors Anatomy & Physiology
1. Prime mover or agonist
2. Antagonist
3. Synergists
4. Fixators
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
Muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement are an…
Synergists help muscle movement by either adding a little ext…
When synergists immobilize a bone, or a muscle's origin so th…
1. Prime mover or agonist
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
2. Antagonist
Muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement are an…
36 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 26 Urinary System
functions of the urinary system
anatomy of the urinary system
kidneys
renal anatomy
regulate blood pressure, regulate ions--Na+ K+ Cl- H+ Ca++, h…
kidneys, ureters, bladder, left kidney is more cranial.
retroperitoneal; kidneys have their own pouch.
cortex, medulla, and renal pelvis; hilus, major and minor cal…
functions of the urinary system
regulate blood pressure, regulate ions--Na+ K+ Cl- H+ Ca++, h…
anatomy of the urinary system
kidneys, ureters, bladder, left kidney is more cranial.
24 terms
Ch. 10// The Muscular System// Honors Anatomy & Physiology
1. Prime mover or agonist
2. Antagonist
3. Synergists
4. Fixators
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
Muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement are an…
Synergists help muscle movement by either adding a little ext…
When synergists immobilize a bone, or a muscle's origin so th…
1. Prime mover or agonist
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
2. Antagonist
Muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement are an…
19 terms
Chapter 5: Integumentary System (Honors Anatomy & Physiology)
basal cell carcinoma
benign
cell cycle
dermis
The least malignant and most common, accounts for nearly 80%…
not harmful... *a benign neoplasm is strictly a local affair ... *i…
series of changes a cell goes through from the time it is for…
The second major skin region, is strong, flexible connective…
basal cell carcinoma
The least malignant and most common, accounts for nearly 80%…
benign
not harmful... *a benign neoplasm is strictly a local affair ... *i…
26 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Honors Chapter 13: The Respiratory System
anoxia
apnea
bronchial sounds
cellular respiration
a deficiency of oxygen
temporary cessation of breathing, especially during sleep
breath sounds of a harsh or blowing quality, heard on auscult…
metabolic processes in which ATP is produced
anoxia
a deficiency of oxygen
apnea
temporary cessation of breathing, especially during sleep
24 terms
Biology Honors: Human Anatomy & Physiology Study Guide
In what order does blood flow through…
What structure is a maturation and sto…
Describe the path and the changes that…
What is the function of the placenta?
1. Vena Cava... 2. Right Atrium... 3. Right Ventricle... 4. Pulmonary…
The epididymus
1. Zygote- fertilized egg divides as it moves along the ovidu…
Placenta provides nutrients and oxygen to the embryo and gets…
In what order does blood flow through…
1. Vena Cava... 2. Right Atrium... 3. Right Ventricle... 4. Pulmonary…
What structure is a maturation and sto…
The epididymus
156 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7: the Skeletal System
Axial Skeleton
Cranium
frontal bone
parietal bones
The 80 bones that form the upright axis of the body; the skul…
8 bones that form the floor and case of the skill that protec…
forehead
crown of skull
Axial Skeleton
The 80 bones that form the upright axis of the body; the skul…
Cranium
8 bones that form the floor and case of the skill that protec…
25 terms
Skeletal System-Honors Human Anatomy and Physiology
skeletal System
axial Skeletal
appendicular Skeleton
compact Bone
the skeletal system includes all of the bones and joints in t…
the part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the he…
divided into six major regions: Pectoral girdles. Left and ri…
makes up 80% of the human skeleton
skeletal System
the skeletal system includes all of the bones and joints in t…
axial Skeletal
the part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the he…
23 terms
Honors Human Biology- Intro to Anatomy and Physiology
Anatomy
Physiology
The Principle of Complementarity
Integumentary System
Structure/form of body parts
Function of what the body parts do and how they do it
What a structure can do depends on its form
Forms external body covering. Protects deeper tissue from inj…
Anatomy
Structure/form of body parts
Physiology
Function of what the body parts do and how they do it
21 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology Eleven Human Organ Systems
What are the two types of skin?
What 2 systems are needed for movement?
Skeletal System
Ligaments connect ___________ to _____…
Integumentary ... Epithelial
skeletal ... muscular
provide a framework to give people shape
bone ... bone
What are the two types of skin?
Integumentary ... Epithelial
What 2 systems are needed for movement?
skeletal ... muscular
31 terms
Honors Biology 2 | Anatomy & Physiology Review Guide
calorie
Calorie
carbohydrate
fat
A measurement of energy stored in food that equals the amount…
A measurement used by scientists to measure the energy stored…
A compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms which i…
A compound called a lipid made of fatty acids and glycerol; p…
calorie
A measurement of energy stored in food that equals the amount…
Calorie
A measurement used by scientists to measure the energy stored…
31 terms
Honors Biology 2 | Anatomy & Physiology Review Guide
calorie
Calorie
carbohydrate
fat
A measurement of energy stored in food that equals the amount…
A measurement used by scientists to measure the energy stored…
A compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms which i…
A compound called a lipid made of fatty acids and glycerol; p…
calorie
A measurement of energy stored in food that equals the amount…
Calorie
A measurement used by scientists to measure the energy stored…
23 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology - Skeletal System Vocab
Epiphyses
Epiphyseal Line
Hyoid Bone
Coccyx
the end of a long bone
line seen in long bones of adults
the only bone that does not work with another bone
another word for tail bone
Epiphyses
the end of a long bone
Epiphyseal Line
line seen in long bones of adults
84 terms
Honors Anatomy/Physiology Unit 7: Skeletal System
Skull
Cranium
Mandible
Scapula
Bony enclosure for the brain; synonymous to cranium. At birth…
Bone enclosing and protecting the brain (synonymous to skull)…
The lower jawbone.
The shoulder blade that helps make up the pectoral girdle. Hu…
Skull
Bony enclosure for the brain; synonymous to cranium. At birth…
Cranium
Bone enclosing and protecting the brain (synonymous to skull)…
Honors Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 5: The Skeletal System
parts of the skeletal system
categories of the skeletal system
functions of the skeletal system
hematopoiesis
• bones... • joints... • cartilage... • ligaments
• axial... • appendicular
• support body/ framework... • protect soft organs... • movement du…
blood cell formation
parts of the skeletal system
• bones... • joints... • cartilage... • ligaments
categories of the skeletal system
• axial... • appendicular
46 terms
Honors Anatomy/Physiology Unit 8: Muscular System
Biceps brachii
Triceps brachii
Deltoid
Gastrocnemius
The muscle used to flex the arm.
The muscle used to extend the arm.
The muscle used to abduct the arm.
The muscle used to extend the foot (plantar flexion).
Biceps brachii
The muscle used to flex the arm.
Triceps brachii
The muscle used to extend the arm.
72 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 20 Cardiovascular System
function of the cardiovascular system
intercalated discs
cardiac muscle cells
cardiac muscle function
transport oxygen, nutrients, and hormones.
coordinate uniform muscle contraction.
big nuclei, many mitochondria; high glycogen; all cells conne…
pacemakers, do not fatigue, involuntary, no multiple motor un…
function of the cardiovascular system
transport oxygen, nutrients, and hormones.
intercalated discs
coordinate uniform muscle contraction.
57 terms
Honor Anatomy & Physiology Nervous system
know how nervous system divided in bot…
structures in central nervous system(C…
structures in peripheral nervous syste…
Difference between CNS & PNS and how e…
Central NS & Peripheral NS... - Brain - cranial nerve... - spinal c…
consists of Brain & spinal cord. - can NOT fix it
cranial & spina nerve- can REPAIR
...
know how nervous system divided in bot…
Central NS & Peripheral NS... - Brain - cranial nerve... - spinal c…
structures in central nervous system(C…
consists of Brain & spinal cord. - can NOT fix it
Anatomy and Physiology Honors - Chapter 5 Skeletal System
Major functions of skeletal system
Hemopoiesis
How many bones in human skeleton?
Two groups of skeletal system
- Support and protection... - body movement... - blood cell formati…
Blood cell formation
206
Axial and Appendicular
Major functions of skeletal system
- Support and protection... - body movement... - blood cell formati…
Hemopoiesis
Blood cell formation
204 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology: Muscular System (Chapter 10-11)
Muscular System
Skeletal Muscles
Cardiac Muscles
Smooth Muscles
Contains at least 320 paired muscles. 850 total. All cells co…
They are attached to the bones and skin. They are striated, v…
They are located at the walls of the heart. They are striated…
They are located on the walls of hollow internal structures.…
Muscular System
Contains at least 320 paired muscles. 850 total. All cells co…
Skeletal Muscles
They are attached to the bones and skin. They are striated, v…
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