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Study sets matching "honors anatomy physiology system biology tissue"

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Study sets matching "honors anatomy physiology system biology tissue"

11 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology: Tissues
Loose Connective Tissue: Areolar Conne…
Loose Connective Tissue: Adipose Conne…
Blood
Bone
Function: Wraps and cushions organs, macrophages phagocytize…
Function: Stores reserve food energy, insulates against heat…
Function: Transport respiratory gases, nutrients, wastes, and…
Function: supports, protects, provides levers for muscles to…
Loose Connective Tissue: Areolar Conne…
Function: Wraps and cushions organs, macrophages phagocytize…
Loose Connective Tissue: Adipose Conne…
Function: Stores reserve food energy, insulates against heat…
12 terms
Honors Anatomy and physiology tissues
Cancellous bone
Compact bone
Fibrocartilage
Elastic Cartilage
●Location: Inside bone... ●Function: Scaffolding ... ●Cell type: Os…
●Location: Outside of bone... ●Function: Hard... ●Cell type: Osteoc…
●Location: I.V. Disc... ●Function: Pressure... ● Cell type: Chondro…
●Location: Ear ... ●Function: Flexibility ... ●Cell type: Chondrocy…
Cancellous bone
●Location: Inside bone... ●Function: Scaffolding ... ●Cell type: Os…
Compact bone
●Location: Outside of bone... ●Function: Hard... ●Cell type: Osteoc…
75 terms
Biology Honors: Anatomy and Physiology
Ingestion
Digestion
Mechanically, Chemically
Absorption
act of eating or taking in food
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
Digestion is __________ first, ___________ second.
Cells lining digestive track take up small molecules from dig…
Ingestion
act of eating or taking in food
Digestion
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
43 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - Tissue Review
Collagen
Elastic Fibers
Epidermis
Dermis
give skin strength; binds water (hydrate skin)
stretch-recoil properties of skin
keratinized stratified squamous epithelium
fibrous connective tissue
Collagen
give skin strength; binds water (hydrate skin)
Elastic Fibers
stretch-recoil properties of skin
75 terms
Biology Honors: Anatomy and Physiology
Ingestion
Digestion
Digestion is __________ first, _______…
Absorption
act of eating or taking in food
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
Mechanically, Chemically
Cells lining digestive track take up small molecules from dig…
Ingestion
act of eating or taking in food
Digestion
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
34 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology Tissue Test
epithelium
connective
muscle
nerve
covers all body surfaces and is avascular
most abundant tissue
has ability to shorten and contract
transmits impulses
epithelium
covers all body surfaces and is avascular
connective
most abundant tissue
75 terms
Biology Honors: Anatomy and Physiology
Ingestion
Digestion
Digestion is __________ first, _______…
Absorption
act of eating or taking in food
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
Mechanically, Chemically
Cells lining digestive track take up small molecules from dig…
Ingestion
act of eating or taking in food
Digestion
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
75 terms
Biology Honors: Anatomy and Physiology
Ingestion
Digestion
Digestion is __________ first, _______…
Absorption
act of eating or taking in food
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
Mechanically, Chemically
Cells lining digestive track take up small molecules from dig…
Ingestion
act of eating or taking in food
Digestion
breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the body to…
46 terms
Honors anatomy/physiology chapter 4 test, tissues
simple squamous epithelium
simple cuboidal epithelium
simple columnar epithelium
pseudostratified ciliated epithelium
one layer of flattened epithelial cells; diffuses, absorbs, a…
one layer of cube-shaped epithelial cells; covers and lines g…
one layer of rectangular-shaped epithelial cells; lines cavit…
one layer of ciliated epithelial cells that look like more th…
simple squamous epithelium
one layer of flattened epithelial cells; diffuses, absorbs, a…
simple cuboidal epithelium
one layer of cube-shaped epithelial cells; covers and lines g…
127 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology: Neural Tissue (Chapter 12)
Nervous System
Neurons
Neuroglia
Central Nervous System
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
The basic functional unit of the nervous system. They are exc…
A type of nerve cells that separates and protects the neurons…
Consists of the brain and spinal cord. Its responsibilities a…
Nervous System
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Neurons
The basic functional unit of the nervous system. They are exc…
12 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - Systems
Integumentary
Skeletal
Muscular
Nervous
This system includes the skin and its appendages (hair, nails…
This system includes bones and related tissues such as cartil…
This system makes movement possible and generates the heat re…
This system is composed of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves…
Integumentary
This system includes the skin and its appendages (hair, nails…
Skeletal
This system includes bones and related tissues such as cartil…
66 terms
Honors Biology Anatomy and Physiology
Red Marrow/Yellow Marrow
Spongy Bone/Compact Bone
Hinge Joint/Fixed Joint
Myofibril/Myofibrilament
The first is a type of marrow that produces red blood cells,…
The first is a type of bone that is light and porous. The sec…
The first is a type of joint that is able to move back and fo…
The first is a basic rod like unit of a muscle.
Red Marrow/Yellow Marrow
The first is a type of marrow that produces red blood cells,…
Spongy Bone/Compact Bone
The first is a type of bone that is light and porous. The sec…
172 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Tissues & The Integumentary System (Chapter 3 & 4 Workbook & 4 & 5 Worksheets) (Second TEST)
Forms mucous, serous, and epidermal me…
Allows for organ movements within the…
Transmits electrochemical impulses
Supports body organs
Epithelium
Muscle
Nervous
Connective
Forms mucous, serous, and epidermal me…
Epithelium
Allows for organ movements within the…
Muscle
121 terms
The Nervous System - Honors Anatomy & Physiology
Olfactory Nerve
Optic Nerve
Oculomotor Nerve
Trochlear Nerve
"On"... Cranial nerve I... Sensory nerve that transmits impulses as…
"On"... Cranial nerve II... Sensory nerve that transmits impulses a…
"On"... Cranial nerve III... Motor nerve that transmits impulses to…
"They"... Cranial nerve IV... Motor nerve that transmits impulses t…
Olfactory Nerve
"On"... Cranial nerve I... Sensory nerve that transmits impulses as…
Optic Nerve
"On"... Cranial nerve II... Sensory nerve that transmits impulses a…
135 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology Types of Body Tissue
What are the 4 major types of tissue?
Each epithelial tissue is given 2 name…
What are the 2 sub-names for the layer…
Simple Epithelial
epithelial ... connective... muscle... nervous
how many layers a cell has... basic shape of the cells
simple epithelial ... stratified epithelial
one layer
What are the 4 major types of tissue?
epithelial ... connective... muscle... nervous
Each epithelial tissue is given 2 name…
how many layers a cell has... basic shape of the cells
11 terms
Systems honors anatomy and physiology
Integumentary
Skeletal
Muscular
Nervous
Hair, skin, nails, physical protection, temperature regulatio…
Bones, cartilage, structure=allows movement, storage=calcium+…
Muscles: skeletal (voluntary), cardiac and smooth (involuntary)
Nerves, spinal cord, brain takes and processes= response
Integumentary
Hair, skin, nails, physical protection, temperature regulatio…
Skeletal
Bones, cartilage, structure=allows movement, storage=calcium+…
89 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology- Cells and Tissue Unit
cell theory
prokaryotes
eukaryotes
small cell lung cancer
All living things are made up of cells ... Cells are the basic u…
No nucleus ... No organelles except ribosomes ... Example: Bacteria
Have a nucleus ... Have organelles... Example: Human cells
More aggressive ... Spreads quicker ... Strongly tied to cigarette…
cell theory
All living things are made up of cells ... Cells are the basic u…
prokaryotes
No nucleus ... No organelles except ribosomes ... Example: Bacteria
61 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - Endocrine System
Growth Hormone (GH)
Prolactin (PRL)
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
Encourages body growth by stimulating both cell division and…
Stimulates and maintains milk production
Controls thyroid gland secretions
Instructs adrenal cortex to make cortisol
Growth Hormone (GH)
Encourages body growth by stimulating both cell division and…
Prolactin (PRL)
Stimulates and maintains milk production
55 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - The Lymphatic System
lymphatic system functions
lymphatic vessels
lymphatic nodes
lymphatic capillaries
regulates pressure; filter/regulator of water
run parallel to capillary bed; valves to prevent backflow
specialized organs that filter lymph, make WBCs
extend into interstitial spaces, parallel to blood capillarie…
lymphatic system functions
regulates pressure; filter/regulator of water
lymphatic vessels
run parallel to capillary bed; valves to prevent backflow
53 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Tissues and Systems
Skeletal system is made up of:
Function of the Skeletal System
Bone
Periosteum
Skeletal... Cartilage... Ligaments... Connective tissue to stabilize t…
Support... Storage of Minerals... Blood Cell production... Leverage... Pr…
Osseous Tissue
Outer lining of the bone... Actively participates in bone growth…
Skeletal system is made up of:
Skeletal... Cartilage... Ligaments... Connective tissue to stabilize t…
Function of the Skeletal System
Support... Storage of Minerals... Blood Cell production... Leverage... Pr…
72 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - Cardiovascular System
Transportation
Epicardium
Myocardium
Endocardium
Main function
Outer layer; pericardium
Cardiac muscle
endothelium lines chamber
Transportation
Main function
Epicardium
Outer layer; pericardium
61 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Nervous System
functions of the nervous system
central nervous system is what and per…
soma-
what does somatic control
sensory, integration, and motor
CNS - brain and spinal cord... PNS - everything after
body
skeletal muscles (vision, hearing, touch)
functions of the nervous system
sensory, integration, and motor
central nervous system is what and per…
CNS - brain and spinal cord... PNS - everything after
70 terms
nervous system - anatomy & physiology honors
functions of the nervous system (3)
what is the sensory input? (function o…
what is integration? (function of NS)
what is the motor output? (function)
1) sensory input... 2) integration... 3) motor output
gathers information to monitor changes in stimuli inside and…
processes and interprets sensory input and decides if action…
a response to the stimuli by activating muscles or glands
functions of the nervous system (3)
1) sensory input... 2) integration... 3) motor output
what is the sensory input? (function o…
gathers information to monitor changes in stimuli inside and…
37 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 5 (Connective Tissue)
Connective Tissue
Extracellular Matrix
Ground Substance
Fixed Cells
Most abundant tissue by weight. Bind, support and protect. Fr…
Composed of protein fibers and ground substances. Fluid/semis…
Binds, supports and provides a medium for transferring.
Reside in specific connective tissue type for an extended per…
Connective Tissue
Most abundant tissue by weight. Bind, support and protect. Fr…
Extracellular Matrix
Composed of protein fibers and ground substances. Fluid/semis…
68 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Integumentary System
Resistance to internal trauma and infe…
Vitamin D synthesis
Sensation
thermoregulation
function of the integumentary system
function of the integumentary system
function of the integumentary system
function of the integumentary system
Resistance to internal trauma and infe…
function of the integumentary system
Vitamin D synthesis
function of the integumentary system
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Honors Chapter 4: Tissues
adhesions
adenoma
adipocytes
apocrine
the fusion of two mesenterial layers after damage or irritati…
a benign tumor formed from glandular structures
a fat cell
mode of exocytosis secretion where the apex pinches off
adhesions
the fusion of two mesenterial layers after damage or irritati…
adenoma
a benign tumor formed from glandular structures
41 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - Digestive System
What are the functions of the digestiv…
What are 2 types of digestion?
What is the pathway of food as it trav…
What is mastication?
Propulsion... Absorption... Digestion... Defecation... Ingestion
Mechanical... Chemical
Mouth... Pharynx... Esophagus... Stomach... Small Intestine... Large Intesti…
Chewing
What are the functions of the digestiv…
Propulsion... Absorption... Digestion... Defecation... Ingestion
What are 2 types of digestion?
Mechanical... Chemical
21 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - Skeletal System
What are the functions of the skeleton?
How do you distinguish the axial and a…
What are the shapes/classifications of…
What is an epiphyseal plate? How does…
support, movement, protection, formation of blood cells, stor…
The axial skeleton makes up our central axis and consists of…
Long bones: Longer than they are wide (e.g. femur, metacarpal…
An epiphyseal plate is a hyaline cartilage plate (growth plat…
What are the functions of the skeleton?
support, movement, protection, formation of blood cells, stor…
How do you distinguish the axial and a…
The axial skeleton makes up our central axis and consists of…
7 terms
Tissues Chapter 5 Honors Anatomy and Physiology
Intercellular junctions
Tight junction
Desmosomes
Gap junction
Tightly packed structures
One type of intercellular junction where the membranes of adj…
Type of intercellular junction rivets or "spot welds" skin ce…
Tubular channels that link the cytoplasm of adjacent cells an…
Intercellular junctions
Tightly packed structures
Tight junction
One type of intercellular junction where the membranes of adj…
106 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Nervous System
functions of the nervous system
neuron
branches of the nervous system
somatic nervous system
sensory, integration, motor.
sends information and receives information
nervous system includes the central nervous system and the pe…
under the peripheral nervous system--have control over body m…
functions of the nervous system
sensory, integration, motor.
neuron
sends information and receives information
29 terms
Skeletal System - Anatomy and Physiology Honors
central canals
lacunae
lamellae
osteoblasts
located in the center of the osteon; contains blood vessels
little spaces that house the bone cells
concentric layers of bone; means "thin plates" in latin
bone cells that maintain bone and help release calcium from b…
central canals
located in the center of the osteon; contains blood vessels
lacunae
little spaces that house the bone cells
37 terms
honors anatomy & physiology - muscular system
epimysium
perimysium
endomysium
aponeurosis
outermost layer, surrounds entire muscle
separates and surrounds fascicles
surrounds each individual muscle fiber
fibrous membranous sheet connecting a muscle and the part it…
epimysium
outermost layer, surrounds entire muscle
perimysium
separates and surrounds fascicles
102 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System (Chapter 6)
Skeleton
Skeletal System
Bone Markings
Long Bones
Made up of bone for support and cartilage for flexibility. It…
Makes up 14% of a person's body weight. There are 300 bones i…
Surface features of bones that can determine the size, age, s…
Long and slender bones. They have three parts the epiphysis (…
Skeleton
Made up of bone for support and cartilage for flexibility. It…
Skeletal System
Makes up 14% of a person's body weight. There are 300 bones i…
20 terms
Cardiovascular System Anatomy and Physiology Honors
Anemia
Angina Pectoris
Ischemia
Fibrillation
Lack of blood
Chest pains caused by oxygen deprivation
Restriction in blood supply to tissues causing oxygen/glucose…
Rapid, uncoordinated, shuttering of the heart muscle
Anemia
Lack of blood
Angina Pectoris
Chest pains caused by oxygen deprivation
144 terms
Honors Anatomy and Physiology: Integumentary System (Chapter 5)
Integumentary System
Cutaneous Membrane
Accessory Structures
Hypodermis/Subcutaneous Layer
The body system that accounts for 16% of body weight. It is t…
A component of the integumentary system that contains the der…
A component of the integumentary system. Examples include hai…
The connective tissue found below the integumentary system. I…
Integumentary System
The body system that accounts for 16% of body weight. It is t…
Cutaneous Membrane
A component of the integumentary system that contains the der…
22 terms
Honors Anatomy/Physiology Unit 5: Tissues
Tissue
Epithelial tissue
Simple squamous epithelium
Simple cuboidal epithelium
A group of cells working together to perform a specific funct…
A type of tissue that covers all body surfaces, always has a…
A type of epithelium that is single-layered, thin for diffusi…
A type of epithelium that is a single layer of cube-shaped ce…
Tissue
A group of cells working together to perform a specific funct…
Epithelial tissue
A type of tissue that covers all body surfaces, always has a…
26 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology - The Urinary System
What are the functions of the urinary…
Which organs are involved in the urina…
How does the male urethra differ from…
Regions of the Kidney
1. Elimination of waste products... 2. Regulate aspects of homeo…
1. Kidneys... 2. Ureters... 3. Urinary Bladder... 4. Urethra
The male urethra is longer than that of the female and can pa…
1. Renal Cortex (outer region)... 2. Renal Medulla (inside the c…
What are the functions of the urinary…
1. Elimination of waste products... 2. Regulate aspects of homeo…
Which organs are involved in the urina…
1. Kidneys... 2. Ureters... 3. Urinary Bladder... 4. Urethra
53 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Honors Chapter 4: Tissues Vocabulary
adhesions
adipocytes
apocrine
apondeuroses
the fusion of two mesenterial layers after damage or irritati…
a fat cell
a mode of secretion in which the glandular cell sheds portion…
broad tendinous sheets that may serve as the origin or insert…
adhesions
the fusion of two mesenterial layers after damage or irritati…
adipocytes
a fat cell
46 terms
Honors anatomy and physiology chapter 3 tissues
Tissues
Histology
4 functions of epithelial tissue
Simple Epithelium
Groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
The study of tissues and their functions
Secretion, protection, absorption, filtration (SPAF)
Consists of one layer of cells
Tissues
Groups of cells that are similar in structure and function
Histology
The study of tissues and their functions
29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology Systems
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
29 terms
Biology Anatomy and Physiology, Systems
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
Consists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to…
A conglomeration of billions of cells specifically designed t…
Integumentary System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Creates a waterproof protecti…
Skeletal System
Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework th…
60 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 24 Digestive System
alimentary canal
accessory organs
mechanical digestion
mastication
gastrointestinal tract (GI tract), oral cavity, pharynx, esop…
teeth, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder
mastication, peristalsis, and segmentation
chewing
alimentary canal
gastrointestinal tract (GI tract), oral cavity, pharynx, esop…
accessory organs
teeth, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder
60 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 24 Digestive System
alimentary canal
accessory organs
mechanical digestion
mastication
gastrointestinal tract (GI tract), oral cavity, pharynx, esop…
teeth, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder
mastication, peristalsis, and segmentation
chewing
alimentary canal
gastrointestinal tract (GI tract), oral cavity, pharynx, esop…
accessory organs
teeth, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder
39 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Body Systems and Orientation
Atoms
Cells
Tissues
Organ
tiny building blocks of matter, combine to form molecules suc…
the smallest units of all living things
groups of similar cells that have a common function
a structure composed of two or more tissue types that perform…
Atoms
tiny building blocks of matter, combine to form molecules suc…
Cells
the smallest units of all living things
Honors Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 7: The Nervous System
sensory input
integration
motor output
Central Nervous System (CNS)
gathering info, monitor changes in and outside the body... *chan…
process & interpret input & decide on action
response to stimuli, activates muscles or glands
brain and spinal cord
sensory input
gathering info, monitor changes in and outside the body... *chan…
integration
process & interpret input & decide on action
24 terms
Ch. 10// The Muscular System// Honors Anatomy & Physiology
1. Prime mover or agonist
2. Antagonist
3. Synergists
4. Fixators
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
Muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement are an…
Synergists help muscle movement by either adding a little ext…
When synergists immobilize a bone, or a muscle's origin so th…
1. Prime mover or agonist
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
2. Antagonist
Muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement are an…
36 terms
Honors Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 26 Urinary System
functions of the urinary system
anatomy of the urinary system
kidneys
renal anatomy
regulate blood pressure, regulate ions--Na+ K+ Cl- H+ Ca++, h…
kidneys, ureters, bladder, left kidney is more cranial.
retroperitoneal; kidneys have their own pouch.
cortex, medulla, and renal pelvis; hilus, major and minor cal…
functions of the urinary system
regulate blood pressure, regulate ions--Na+ K+ Cl- H+ Ca++, h…
anatomy of the urinary system
kidneys, ureters, bladder, left kidney is more cranial.
23 terms
Anatomy & physiology ,Tissue & Skeletal System
What is the difference between systemi…
Please describe the four main planes o…
What are the four basic types of tissu…
What are three common feature of all e…
Systemic- how the body works together... Topographic - study of…
-median plane - devides the body into equal halfs... - sagittal…
- epithelial ... - connective ... - muscle ... - nervous
1) consist entirey of cells... 2) no blood vessel... 3) most capabl…
What is the difference between systemi…
Systemic- how the body works together... Topographic - study of…
Please describe the four main planes o…
-median plane - devides the body into equal halfs... - sagittal…
Anatomy & Physiology- Tissues and the Integumentary System
What are tissues formed from?
What is the study of tissues called?
Name the 4 general tissue types and th…
Epithelial tissue is divided into 2 ba…
Tissues are formed from cells
Histology
Epithelial= covers and lines the body as well as forms glands…
Epithelial and Glands. ... Epithelial= covers exposed surfaces a…
What are tissues formed from?
Tissues are formed from cells
What is the study of tissues called?
Histology
24 terms
Ch. 10// The Muscular System// Honors Anatomy & Physiology
1. Prime mover or agonist
2. Antagonist
3. Synergists
4. Fixators
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
Muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement are an…
Synergists help muscle movement by either adding a little ext…
When synergists immobilize a bone, or a muscle's origin so th…
1. Prime mover or agonist
A muscle that has the major responsibility for producing a sp…
2. Antagonist
Muscles that oppose, or reverse, a particular movement are an…
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