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Study sets matching "honors ap chemistry"

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Study sets matching "honors ap chemistry"

13 terms
Chemistry (AP / Honors): VSEPR
Linear
Trigonal Planar
Bent
Tetrehedral
# of electron pairs: 2... 2 bonds. 0 L.P... 180 degree bond angle
# of electron pairs: 3... 3 bonds. 0 L.P... 120 degree bond degree
# of electron pairs: 3... 2 bonds. 1 L.P... <120 degree bond angle.…
4 electron pairs... 4 bonds. 0 L.P... 109.5 degree bond angle
Linear
# of electron pairs: 2... 2 bonds. 0 L.P... 180 degree bond angle
Trigonal Planar
# of electron pairs: 3... 3 bonds. 0 L.P... 120 degree bond degree
12 terms
TPS Pre-AP Honors Chemistry - Chapter 3
stoichiometry
chemical formula
molecular compound
ionic compound
numerical relationships between elements and compounds
symbolic representations that specify the elements present in…
made of molecules (groups of two or more atoms linked togethe…
made of ions (electrically charged particles)
stoichiometry
numerical relationships between elements and compounds
chemical formula
symbolic representations that specify the elements present in…
12 terms
TPS Pre-AP Honors Chemistry - Chapter 4
chemical reaction
chemical equation
reactants
products
chemical change caused by collisions between atoms or molecules
symbolic representation of a chemical reaction
substances that react with each other in a chemical reaction
substances that are produced in a chemical reaction
chemical reaction
chemical change caused by collisions between atoms or molecules
chemical equation
symbolic representation of a chemical reaction
23 terms
TPS Pre-AP Honors Chemistry - Chapter 5
kinetic theory of matter (kinetic-mole…
ideal gas
variables
direct proportion
1) gas molecules are in constant, rapid motion, moving in str…
gas that exactly obeys the assumptions of the kinetic theory
measurable properties that may be varied
relation in which the value of one variable depends directly…
kinetic theory of matter (kinetic-mole…
1) gas molecules are in constant, rapid motion, moving in str…
ideal gas
gas that exactly obeys the assumptions of the kinetic theory
33 terms
TPS Pre-Ap Honors Chemistry - Ch 1
chemistry
physical chemistry
organic chemistry
inorganic chemistry
the branch of science that deals with the study of the compos…
deals with applying the theories of physics to the study of r…
deals with substances that are compounds of carbon
deals with substances that are chemical combinations of eleme…
chemistry
the branch of science that deals with the study of the compos…
physical chemistry
deals with applying the theories of physics to the study of r…
48 terms
TPS Pre-AP Honors Chemistry - Ch 2
matter
kinetic energy
solid
liquid
anything that occupies space and has mass
the energy of motion
matter that has a definite shape, has definite volume, is dif…
matter that takes the shape of its container, has a definite…
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
kinetic energy
the energy of motion
32 terms
SJA Pre-AP Honors Chemistry Lab Equipment
Filter paper
Crucible tongs
crucible and cover
serological pipette
Filter paper
Crucible tongs
22 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Periodic table
Periodic law
group
family
Arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
Natural law that states that the physical and chemical proper…
Vertical column of the periodic table that contains elements…
Vertical column of the periodic table that contains elements…
Periodic table
Arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
Periodic law
Natural law that states that the physical and chemical proper…
15 terms
Honors Pre AP Chemistry Ions Exam
Ammonium
Hydronium
Nitrite
Nitrate
Ammonium
Hydronium
61 terms
Honors Chemistry
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
H
Helium
He
33 terms
SJA Pre-AP Honors Chemistry Lab Equipment
Filter paper
Crucible tongs
crucible and cover
serological pipette
Filter paper
Crucible tongs
109 terms
TPS Pre-AP Honors Chemistry - Chapter 11 Vocab
metals: properties (4)
semimetals: properties (4)
metallurgy
ore
1) high electrical and thermal conductivity... 2) electrical con…
1) intermediate electrical and thermal conductivity... 2) electr…
the science of extracting metals from their naturally occurri…
a naturally occurring material containing a metal in sufficie…
metals: properties (4)
1) high electrical and thermal conductivity... 2) electrical con…
semimetals: properties (4)
1) intermediate electrical and thermal conductivity... 2) electr…
32 terms
Honors/AP Chemistry: Elements and Ions Group 2
Chromium
Iron
Cobalt
Copper
Cr
Fe
Co
Cu
Chromium
Cr
Iron
Fe
22 terms
Honors/AP Chemistry: Elements and Ions Group 1
Lithium
Sodium
Potassium
Rubidium
Li
Na
K
Rb
Lithium
Li
Sodium
Na
17 terms
(Not AP/Honors) Chemistry Chapter 3
Chemical Reaction
Law of Definite Proportions
Law of Multiple Proportions
Dalton's Theory
transformation of a substance/substances into one or more new…
Chemical compound has the same elements in same proportions d…
if 2 or more compounds use the same elements, then the ratio…
All matter is made of atoms... Atoms of the same element are exa…
Chemical Reaction
transformation of a substance/substances into one or more new…
Law of Definite Proportions
Chemical compound has the same elements in same proportions d…
42 terms
Honors Chemistry Lab Equipment
Erlenmeyer flasks
beakers
reaction plates
graduated cylinders
contain liquids
contain liquids
contain small amounts of liquids and solids
measure liquid volume
Erlenmeyer flasks
contain liquids
beakers
contain liquids
28 terms
Polyatomic Ions for Honors Chemistry
dihydrogen phosphate
acetate
hydrogen sulfite
hydrogen sulfate
H₂PO₄⁻
C₂H₃O₂⁻
HSO₃⁻
HSO₄⁻
dihydrogen phosphate
H₂PO₄⁻
acetate
C₂H₃O₂⁻
14 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Law of Conservation of Mass
Law of Definite Proportions
Law of Multiple Proportions
Atom
The law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
The law that states that a chemical compound always contains…
The law that states that when two elements combine to form tw…
The smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
Law of Conservation of Mass
The law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
Law of Definite Proportions
The law that states that a chemical compound always contains…
58 terms
TPS Pre-AP Honors Chemistry - Ions and nonmetals and metals
1+
2+
3+
3-
Group 1 (H, Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Fr)
Group 2 (Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Ra)
Group 13 (Al only)
Group 15 (N, P)
1+
Group 1 (H, Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Fr)
2+
Group 2 (Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Ra)
18 terms
Honors Chemistry
Quantum numbers
Hunds Rule
Ground State
Excited State
Address system for electrons
Everybody wants some
Lowest energy state of an atom
A state in which an atom has higher potential energy than gro…
Quantum numbers
Address system for electrons
Hunds Rule
Everybody wants some
20 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Scientific Method
System
Hypothesis
Model
a series of steps followed to solve problems, including colle…
A set of particles or interacting components considered to be…
An explanation that is based on prior scientific research or…
A pattern, plan, representation, or descriptive designed to s…
Scientific Method
a series of steps followed to solve problems, including colle…
System
A set of particles or interacting components considered to be…
28 terms
Honors Chemistry
Valence Electrons
Oxidation numbers
Cations
Anions
e- located on the outer most energy lvl
Charge of an atom will obtain in a chemical change
lose e-
gain e-
Valence Electrons
e- located on the outer most energy lvl
Oxidation numbers
Charge of an atom will obtain in a chemical change
20 terms
Honors Chemistry Polyatomic Ions
ammonium
acetate
bicarbonate or hydrogen carbonate
bisulfate or hydrogen sulfate
NH₄ ⁺¹
C₂H₃O₂ ⁻¹
HCO₃ ⁻¹
HSO₄ ⁻¹
ammonium
NH₄ ⁺¹
acetate
C₂H₃O₂ ⁻¹
46 terms
Honors-AP Chemistry Unit One Test
Substance
What are the two types of substances?
Mixture
Element
Has a fixed or definite composition
Elements and compounds
Has a variable composition
The simplest form of matter that has a unique set of properti…
Substance
Has a fixed or definite composition
What are the two types of substances?
Elements and compounds
28 terms
Ch. 5 Study Guide Pre-AP Honors Chemistry
Valence Electrons
Period
Group
Main Group Elements
an electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
rows of periodic table
columns of periodic table
...
Valence Electrons
an electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
Period
rows of periodic table
41 terms
Honors Chemistry
Plastic wash bottle
Platform balance
Ring stand
Rubber stoppers
Flexible plastic; squeeze sides to dispense water.
Also known as a triple beam balance
Metal rod fixed upright in a heavy base; has many uses as a s…
Several sizes
Plastic wash bottle
Flexible plastic; squeeze sides to dispense water.
Platform balance
Also known as a triple beam balance
19 terms
Honors Chemistry
2 parts of a balanced equation
Law of conservation of matter
Types of reaction
1 mole is equal to
reactants, products
the mass of the system must remain constant over time, as sys…
Synthesis-Combination... Single Displacement... Double Displacement…
6.022 x 10^23
2 parts of a balanced equation
reactants, products
Law of conservation of matter
the mass of the system must remain constant over time, as sys…
Honors Chemistry
macroscopic
microscopic
system
mass
stuff you can directly see
stuff you use diagrams to represent
specific area and the matter contained within it
stays constant if nothing enters or leaves the system
macroscopic
stuff you can directly see
microscopic
stuff you use diagrams to represent
20 terms
Honors Chemistry
Hydrogen
Calcium
Potassium
Argon
H
Ca
K
Ar
Hydrogen
H
Calcium
Ca
131 terms
Chemistry Honors
Significant Figures
Scientific Notation
Chemistry
English System
-All the digits that can be known precisely in a measurement,…
A method of writing or displaying numbers in terms of a decim…
the study of matter and how it changes
Also referred to as the U.S. Customary system
Significant Figures
-All the digits that can be known precisely in a measurement,…
Scientific Notation
A method of writing or displaying numbers in terms of a decim…
9 terms
TPS Pre-AP Honors Chemistry - Chapter 14 pt 2
equilibrium constant expression
equilibrium constant
pure liquids and pure solids do not ap…
K indicates . . .
the ratio of product concentrations to reactant concentration…
K (depends only on the reaction and the temperature)
. . . their molarity stays the same when temperature and pres…
. . . how far a reaction progresses
equilibrium constant expression
the ratio of product concentrations to reactant concentration…
equilibrium constant
K (depends only on the reaction and the temperature)
203 terms
Honors Chemistry
What is science... What do they ask
Fully describe the 7 part scientific m…
Define matter
Define element
Science is about discovery. Scientists ask "If i do ____what…
1. Observe something in the world... 2. Hypothesis... 3. Set up exp…
Anything that is stuff or substance physically present
Smallest single structural unit of matter that contains the u…
What is science... What do they ask
Science is about discovery. Scientists ask "If i do ____what…
Fully describe the 7 part scientific m…
1. Observe something in the world... 2. Hypothesis... 3. Set up exp…
22 terms
Honors/AP Chemistry: Elements and Ions Group 1
Lithium
Sodium
Potassium
Rubidium
Li
Na
K
Rb
Lithium
Li
Sodium
Na
32 terms
Honors/AP Chemistry: Elements and Ions Group 2
Chromium
Iron
Cobalt
Copper
Cr
Fe
Co
Cu
Chromium
Cr
Iron
Fe
15 terms
Chapter 6 Honors Chemistry
Anion
Binary compound
Cation
Chemical formula
any atom or group of atoms with a negative charge
A compound composed of two elements; NaCl and A₂O₃
any atom or group of atoms with a positive charge
shows the number and types of atoms present in the smallest r…
Anion
any atom or group of atoms with a negative charge
Binary compound
A compound composed of two elements; NaCl and A₂O₃
AP Chemistry Chapter 4
aqueous solution
solution
solvent
solute
a solution in which the water is the dissolving medium
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
substance present in the greatest quantity and the one the di…
the substances in a solution that are being dissolved (of the…
aqueous solution
a solution in which the water is the dissolving medium
solution
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
106 terms
Honors Chemistry Exam Review
atomic number
mass number
isotopes
Avogadro's number
The same as the number of protons in the nucleus of an elemen…
The sum of an atom's neutrons and protons
Atoms of an element with different numbers of neutrons
6.022×10²³ particles per one mole
atomic number
The same as the number of protons in the nucleus of an elemen…
mass number
The sum of an atom's neutrons and protons
28 terms
Honors Chemistry
C₂H₃O₂¹⁻
NH₄¹⁺
AsO₄³⁻
C₆H₅COO¹⁻
acetate ion
ammonium ion
arsenate ion
benzoate ion
C₂H₃O₂¹⁻
acetate ion
NH₄¹⁺
ammonium ion
54 terms
Chemistry Honors
Binary Compounds
Binary Ionic Compounds
Binary Covalent Compounds
positive cations, negative anions.
Composed of two elements
Metal—nonmetal
Nonmetal—nonmetal
Binary ionic compounds contain_____________ ______________ an…
Binary Compounds
Composed of two elements
Binary Ionic Compounds
Metal—nonmetal
165 terms
Honors Chemistry Midterm Review
1. An example of an intensive physical…
2. An example of an extensive physical…
3. The state of matter in which a mate…
4. The state of matter in which a mate…
density, scent - properties that are independent of amount
length, volume, mass - properties that are DEPENDENT on the a…
liquid
solid state
1. An example of an intensive physical…
density, scent - properties that are independent of amount
2. An example of an extensive physical…
length, volume, mass - properties that are DEPENDENT on the a…
165 terms
Chemistry Honors Final Exam
an oxyacid contains
An acid ending with the suffix -ic pro…
Arrhenius theorized that an acid is a…
A substance that ionizes nearly comple…
oxygen, hydrogen and one other element
suffix -ate
increases the concentration of hydrogen ions when dissolved i…
strong acid
an oxyacid contains
oxygen, hydrogen and one other element
An acid ending with the suffix -ic pro…
suffix -ate
33 terms
Honors Chemistry - Lab Equipment
Erlenmeyer flask
safety goggles
Bunsen burner
pipestem triangle
Erlenmeyer flask
safety goggles
48 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Law of Constant Composition
Chemical Formula
Empirical Formula
Molecular Formula
States that elements combine in fixed proportions to form com…
A form of writing a compound which indicates the elements pre…
The simplest whole-number ratio of atoms of each element in a…
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule of t…
Law of Constant Composition
States that elements combine in fixed proportions to form com…
Chemical Formula
A form of writing a compound which indicates the elements pre…
14 terms
Common AP/Honors Chemistry Polyatomic Ions - Formulas and Names
Ammonium (Cation)
Acetate
Carbonate
Chlorite
NH₄+
CH₃CO₂ -
CO₃ ²-
CIO₂ -
Ammonium (Cation)
NH₄+
Acetate
CH₃CO₂ -
14 terms
Chemistry 10H: Honors Bonding
VSEPR Theory
2 total 0 unbonded
3 total 0 unbonded
3 total 1 unbonded
Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory, minimizes the r…
linear 180°
trigonal planar 120°
bent <120°
VSEPR Theory
Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory, minimizes the r…
2 total 0 unbonded
linear 180°
216 terms
CHEMISTRY HONORS MIDTERM
extensive property
intensive property
extensive
extensive
used to describe matter; depends on the AMOUNT of matter in t…
used to describe matter; depends on the TYPE of matter, not t…
Extensive or intensive? Mass
Extensive or intensive? Volume
extensive property
used to describe matter; depends on the AMOUNT of matter in t…
intensive property
used to describe matter; depends on the TYPE of matter, not t…
68 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Max Planck
Albert Einstein
Photons
Neils Bohr
1900: Studying radiation... -Explained every form of energy has…
1905: Described the photoelectric effect... -Said light is emitt…
A quantum of light; a discrete bundle of electromagnetic ener…
1913: Studied the emission spectra and found that each elemen…
Max Planck
1900: Studying radiation... -Explained every form of energy has…
Albert Einstein
1905: Described the photoelectric effect... -Said light is emitt…
43 terms
Honors Chemistry Lab Equipment
Erlenmeyer flasks
beakers
reaction (well) plates
graduated cylinders
contain liquids
contain liquids
contain small amounts of liquids and solids
measure liquid volume
Erlenmeyer flasks
contain liquids
beakers
contain liquids
42 terms
Honors Chemistry
Bunsen Burner
Clay Triangle
Ring Stand
Evaporation Dish
Used for heat
Supports the crucible
Holds equipment (supports rings and clamp)
Evaporates solvents
Bunsen Burner
Used for heat
Clay Triangle
Supports the crucible
39 terms
HONORS CHEMISTRY
Ammonium
Acetate
Hydroxide
Nitrate
NH₄⁺
C₂H₃O₂⁻
OH⁻
NO₃⁻
Ammonium
NH₄⁺
Acetate
C₂H₃O₂⁻
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