Study sets matching "honors ap chemistry"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "honors ap chemistry"

12 terms
TPS Pre-AP Honors Chemistry - Chapter 3
stoichiometry
chemical formula
molecular compound
ionic compound
numerical relationships between elements and compounds
symbolic representations that specify the elements present in…
made of molecules (groups of two or more atoms linked togethe…
made of ions (electrically charged particles)
stoichiometry
numerical relationships between elements and compounds
chemical formula
symbolic representations that specify the elements present in…
12 terms
TPS Pre-AP Honors Chemistry - Chapter 4
chemical reaction
chemical equation
reactants
products
chemical change caused by collisions between atoms or molecules
symbolic representation of a chemical reaction
substances that react with each other in a chemical reaction
substances that are produced in a chemical reaction
chemical reaction
chemical change caused by collisions between atoms or molecules
chemical equation
symbolic representation of a chemical reaction
23 terms
TPS Pre-AP Honors Chemistry - Chapter 5
kinetic theory of matter (kinetic-mole…
ideal gas
variables
direct proportion
1) gas molecules are in constant, rapid motion, moving in str…
gas that exactly obeys the assumptions of the kinetic theory
measurable properties that may be varied
relation in which the value of one variable depends directly…
kinetic theory of matter (kinetic-mole…
1) gas molecules are in constant, rapid motion, moving in str…
ideal gas
gas that exactly obeys the assumptions of the kinetic theory
33 terms
TPS Pre-Ap Honors Chemistry - Ch 1
chemistry
physical chemistry
organic chemistry
inorganic chemistry
the branch of science that deals with the study of the compos…
deals with applying the theories of physics to the study of r…
deals with substances that are compounds of carbon
deals with substances that are chemical combinations of eleme…
chemistry
the branch of science that deals with the study of the compos…
physical chemistry
deals with applying the theories of physics to the study of r…
48 terms
TPS Pre-AP Honors Chemistry - Ch 2
matter
kinetic energy
solid
liquid
anything that occupies space and has mass
the energy of motion
matter that has a definite shape, has definite volume, is dif…
matter that takes the shape of its container, has a definite…
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
kinetic energy
the energy of motion
12 terms
Honors/Pre-AP Chemistry
hydroxide
ammonium
acetate
bicarbonate
OH-
NH4+
CH3COO-
HCO3-
hydroxide
OH-
ammonium
NH4+
18 terms
Honors AP Chemistry LAP 2
Ka
Ka equation
stronger
Common Ion Effect
acid ionization constant - the equilibrium constant for the i…
[H+][A-]/[HA]
The larger the Ka the _______ the acid
the behavior of a solution in which the same ion is produced…
Ka
acid ionization constant - the equilibrium constant for the i…
Ka equation
[H+][A-]/[HA]
18 terms
Honors Chemistry
Quantum numbers
Hunds Rule
Ground State
Excited State
Address system for electrons
Everybody wants some
Lowest energy state of an atom
A state in which an atom has higher potential energy than gro…
Quantum numbers
Address system for electrons
Hunds Rule
Everybody wants some
28 terms
Honors Chemistry
Valence Electrons
Oxidation numbers
Cations
Anions
e- located on the outer most energy lvl
Charge of an atom will obtain in a chemical change
lose e-
gain e-
Valence Electrons
e- located on the outer most energy lvl
Oxidation numbers
Charge of an atom will obtain in a chemical change
76 terms
Honors Chemistry
matter
element
compounds
What is O2?
particles that make up the universe atomic fundamental unbrea…
substance consisting of atoms which all have the same number…
combine 2 or more different elements (H2O, Co2, NaHCO3)
a molecule not a compound
matter
particles that make up the universe atomic fundamental unbrea…
element
substance consisting of atoms which all have the same number…
Honors Chemistry
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
H
Helium
He
32 terms
Honors/AP Chemistry: Elements and Ions Group 2
Chromium
Iron
Cobalt
Copper
Cr
Fe
Co
Cu
Chromium
Cr
Iron
Fe
SJA Pre-AP Honors Chemistry Lab Equipment
Filter paper
Crucible tongs
crucible and cover
serological pipette
Filter paper
Crucible tongs
58 terms
TPS Pre-AP Honors Chemistry - Ions and nonmetals and metals
1+
2+
3+
3-
Group 1 (H, Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Fr)
Group 2 (Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Ra)
Group 13 (Al only)
Group 15 (N, P)
1+
Group 1 (H, Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Fr)
2+
Group 2 (Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Ra)
Pre-AP/Honors Chemistry Midterm Review
What are the different branches of che…
What is the difference between a theor…
What are extensive properties and what…
What are intensive properties and what…
Organic, Inorganic, Physical, Analytical, Theoretical, and Bi…
A theory is a broad generalization that explains a body of fa…
Extensive properties are properties that depend on the quanti…
Intensive properties are properties that are independent of t…
What are the different branches of che…
Organic, Inorganic, Physical, Analytical, Theoretical, and Bi…
What is the difference between a theor…
A theory is a broad generalization that explains a body of fa…
22 terms
Honors/AP Chemistry: Elements and Ions Group 1
Lithium
Sodium
Potassium
Rubidium
Li
Na
K
Rb
Lithium
Li
Sodium
Na
17 terms
(Not AP/Honors) Chemistry Chapter 3
Chemical Reaction
Law of Definite Proportions
Law of Multiple Proportions
Dalton's Theory
transformation of a substance/substances into one or more new…
Chemical compound has the same elements in same proportions d…
if 2 or more compounds use the same elements, then the ratio…
All matter is made of atoms... Atoms of the same element are exa…
Chemical Reaction
transformation of a substance/substances into one or more new…
Law of Definite Proportions
Chemical compound has the same elements in same proportions d…
22 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Periodic table
Periodic law
group
family
Arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
Natural law that states that the physical and chemical proper…
Vertical column of the periodic table that contains elements…
Vertical column of the periodic table that contains elements…
Periodic table
Arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
Periodic law
Natural law that states that the physical and chemical proper…
339 terms
Honors Chemistry Midterm Quizlet
Matter
Chemistry
Areas of chemistry:
inorganic chemistry
anything that has mass and occupies space
study of the composition of matter and the changes that matte…
inorganic... organic... biochemistry... analytical... physical ... pure... appl…
study of chemicals that do NOT contain carbon
Matter
anything that has mass and occupies space
Chemistry
study of the composition of matter and the changes that matte…
33 terms
SJA Pre-AP Honors Chemistry Lab Equipment
Filter paper
Crucible tongs
crucible and cover
serological pipette
Filter paper
Crucible tongs
Honors Pre AP Chemistry Ions Exam
Ammonium
Hydronium
Nitrite
Nitrate
Ammonium
Hydronium
221 terms
Honors chemistry
Analysis
Coefficient
Control
Conversion Factor
The step in the scientific notation where data is used to sol…
The number in front of a formula.
Conditions which remain constant during the experiment.
A number or ratio (in factor form) that is used to convert fr…
Analysis
The step in the scientific notation where data is used to sol…
Coefficient
The number in front of a formula.
109 terms
TPS Pre-AP Honors Chemistry - Chapter 11 Vocab
metals: properties (4)
semimetals: properties (4)
metallurgy
ore
1) high electrical and thermal conductivity... 2) electrical con…
1) intermediate electrical and thermal conductivity... 2) electr…
the science of extracting metals from their naturally occurri…
a naturally occurring material containing a metal in sufficie…
metals: properties (4)
1) high electrical and thermal conductivity... 2) electrical con…
semimetals: properties (4)
1) intermediate electrical and thermal conductivity... 2) electr…
9 terms
TPS Pre-AP Honors Chemistry - Chapter 14 pt 2
equilibrium constant expression
equilibrium constant
pure liquids and pure solids do not ap…
K indicates . . .
the ratio of product concentrations to reactant concentration…
K (depends only on the reaction and the temperature)
. . . their molarity stays the same when temperature and pres…
. . . how far a reaction progresses
equilibrium constant expression
the ratio of product concentrations to reactant concentration…
equilibrium constant
K (depends only on the reaction and the temperature)
20 terms
Honors Chemistry
Hydrogen
Calcium
Potassium
Argon
H
Ca
K
Ar
Hydrogen
H
Calcium
Ca
Honors Chemistry Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Law of Conservation of Mass
Law of Definite Proportions
Law of Multiple Proportions
Atom
The law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
The law that states that a chemical compound always contains…
The law that states that when two elements combine to form tw…
The smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
Law of Conservation of Mass
The law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
Law of Definite Proportions
The law that states that a chemical compound always contains…
42 terms
Honors Chemistry Lab Equipment
Erlenmeyer flasks
beakers
reaction plates
graduated cylinders
contain liquids
contain liquids
contain small amounts of liquids and solids
measure liquid volume
Erlenmeyer flasks
contain liquids
beakers
contain liquids
46 terms
Honors-AP Chemistry Unit One Test
Substance
What are the two types of substances?
Mixture
Element
Has a fixed or definite composition
Elements and compounds
Has a variable composition
The simplest form of matter that has a unique set of properti…
Substance
Has a fixed or definite composition
What are the two types of substances?
Elements and compounds
28 terms
Honors Chemistry
Valence Electrons
Oxidation numbers
Cations
Anions
e- located on the outer most energy lvl
Charge of an atom will obtain in a chemical change
lose e-
gain e-
Valence Electrons
e- located on the outer most energy lvl
Oxidation numbers
Charge of an atom will obtain in a chemical change
Honors Chemistry Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Scientific Method
System
Hypothesis
Model
a series of steps followed to solve problems, including colle…
A set of particles or interacting components considered to be…
An explanation that is based on prior scientific research or…
A pattern, plan, representation, or descriptive designed to s…
Scientific Method
a series of steps followed to solve problems, including colle…
System
A set of particles or interacting components considered to be…
Ch. 5 Study Guide Pre-AP Honors Chemistry
Valence Electrons
Period
Group
Main Group Elements
an electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
rows of periodic table
columns of periodic table
...
Valence Electrons
an electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom a…
Period
rows of periodic table
65 terms
Honors Chemistry
4 Elements
Difference: Scientists and Alchemists
Boil
Volta
Earth, Water, Fire, Air
Tell People Ideas: Don't Tell Anyone
...
dissected frog with 2 different metals and frog was in salt w…
4 Elements
Earth, Water, Fire, Air
Difference: Scientists and Alchemists
Tell People Ideas: Don't Tell Anyone
41 terms
Honors Chemistry
Plastic wash bottle
Platform balance
Ring stand
Rubber stoppers
Flexible plastic; squeeze sides to dispense water.
Also known as a triple beam balance
Metal rod fixed upright in a heavy base; has many uses as a s…
Several sizes
Plastic wash bottle
Flexible plastic; squeeze sides to dispense water.
Platform balance
Also known as a triple beam balance
160 terms
Chemistry Honors
Significant Figures
Scientific Notation
Chemistry
English System
-All the digits that can be known precisely in a measurement,…
A method of writing or displaying numbers in terms of a decim…
the study of matter and how it changes
Also referred to as the U.S. Customary system
Significant Figures
-All the digits that can be known precisely in a measurement,…
Scientific Notation
A method of writing or displaying numbers in terms of a decim…
Honors Chemistry
Soluble
Insoluble
Oxidation-Reduction
Precipitation Reaction (Double Displac…
Completely falls apart
Forms solid
Transfer of electrons; metal and nonmetal
AB + CD -> AD + CB
Soluble
Completely falls apart
Insoluble
Forms solid
22 terms
Honors/AP Chemistry: Elements and Ions Group 1
Lithium
Sodium
Potassium
Rubidium
Li
Na
K
Rb
Lithium
Li
Sodium
Na
54 terms
Chemistry Honors
Binary Compounds
Binary Ionic Compounds
Binary Covalent Compounds
positive cations, negative anions.
Composed of two elements
Metal—nonmetal
Nonmetal—nonmetal
Binary ionic compounds contain_____________ ______________ an…
Binary Compounds
Composed of two elements
Binary Ionic Compounds
Metal—nonmetal
Honors Chemistry
macroscopic
microscopic
system
mass
stuff you can directly see
stuff you use diagrams to represent
specific area and the matter contained within it
stays constant if nothing enters or leaves the system
macroscopic
stuff you can directly see
microscopic
stuff you use diagrams to represent
61 terms
Chemistry Honors
solid
liquid
gas
add energy
def. volume and shape, particles vibrate/rotate in place, arr…
def. volume but not shape, particles slip around
not def. volume or shape, particles fly around, loosest attra…
molecules speed up, unorganized
solid
def. volume and shape, particles vibrate/rotate in place, arr…
liquid
def. volume but not shape, particles slip around
28 terms
Polyatomic Ions for Honors Chemistry
dihydrogen phosphate
acetate
hydrogen sulfite
hydrogen sulfate
H₂PO₄⁻
C₂H₃O₂⁻
HSO₃⁻
HSO₄⁻
dihydrogen phosphate
H₂PO₄⁻
acetate
C₂H₃O₂⁻
32 terms
Honors/AP Chemistry: Elements and Ions Group 2
Chromium
Iron
Cobalt
Copper
Cr
Fe
Co
Cu
Chromium
Cr
Iron
Fe
AP Chemistry Chapter 4
aqueous solution
solution
solvent
solute
a solution in which the water is the dissolving medium
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
substance present in the greatest quantity and the one the di…
the substances in a solution that are being dissolved (of the…
aqueous solution
a solution in which the water is the dissolving medium
solution
homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
Chemistry Honors Final Exam
an oxyacid contains
An acid ending with the suffix -ic pro…
Arrhenius theorized that an acid is a…
A substance that ionizes nearly comple…
oxygen, hydrogen and one other element
suffix -ate
increases the concentration of hydrogen ions when dissolved i…
strong acid
an oxyacid contains
oxygen, hydrogen and one other element
An acid ending with the suffix -ic pro…
suffix -ate
14 terms
Common AP/Honors Chemistry Polyatomic Ions - Formulas and Names
Ammonium (Cation)
Acetate
Carbonate
Chlorite
NH₄+
CH₃CO₂ -
CO₃ ²-
CIO₂ -
Ammonium (Cation)
NH₄+
Acetate
CH₃CO₂ -
48 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Law of Constant Composition
Chemical Formula
Empirical Formula
Molecular Formula
States that elements combine in fixed proportions to form com…
A form of writing a compound which indicates the elements pre…
The simplest whole-number ratio of atoms of each element in a…
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule of t…
Law of Constant Composition
States that elements combine in fixed proportions to form com…
Chemical Formula
A form of writing a compound which indicates the elements pre…
68 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Max Planck
Albert Einstein
Photons
Neils Bohr
1900: Studying radiation... -Explained every form of energy has…
1905: Described the photoelectric effect... -Said light is emitt…
A quantum of light; a discrete bundle of electromagnetic ener…
1913: Studied the emission spectra and found that each elemen…
Max Planck
1900: Studying radiation... -Explained every form of energy has…
Albert Einstein
1905: Described the photoelectric effect... -Said light is emitt…
Honors Chemistry Quantum Numbers
Principle Quantum Number
Orbital Quantum Number
Magnetic Quantum Number
Spin Quantum Number
describes the main energy level of electron. symbol is n
describes type or shape of orbital occupied by the electron.…
describes axis of orientation of electron
describes the direction of rotation of electron
Principle Quantum Number
describes the main energy level of electron. symbol is n
Orbital Quantum Number
describes type or shape of orbital occupied by the electron.…
175 terms
Honors Chemistry Semester 1 Final
beaker
buret
erlenmeyer flask
spatula
beaker
buret
216 terms
CHEMISTRY HONORS MIDTERM
extensive property
intensive property
extensive
extensive
used to describe matter; depends on the AMOUNT of matter in t…
used to describe matter; depends on the TYPE of matter, not t…
Extensive or intensive? Mass
Extensive or intensive? Volume
extensive property
used to describe matter; depends on the AMOUNT of matter in t…
intensive property
used to describe matter; depends on the TYPE of matter, not t…
106 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 4
Physical and Chemical
12
58
Dobereiner
Chemists categorized elements based on their similarities in…
How many elements were known before 1700
How many elements were known by 1850?
Classified elements into triads.
Physical and Chemical
Chemists categorized elements based on their similarities in…
12
How many elements were known before 1700
1 of 10