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Study sets matching "honors bio 3 ib biology"

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Study sets matching "honors bio 3 ib biology"

142 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 3: BioChem
what makes carbon so important?
all biochemical molecules contain
Carbon is the ____ for all biochemistry
carbon engages in ____ chemical bonds
its unique properties
C, O, & H (and some contain N, S, and P)
backbone element
carbon engages in 4 chemical bonds. single, double, or triple…
what makes carbon so important?
its unique properties
all biochemical molecules contain
C, O, & H (and some contain N, S, and P)
60 terms
Honors Biology- BioChem
What do organic compounds always conta…
What are the four types of macromolecu…
What is a carbohydrate's job?
What are the three types of carbohydra…
Carbon
Carbohydrates ... Lipids ... Proteins ... Nucleic Acids
To give QUICK energy
Monosaccharides... Disaccharides ... Polysaccharides
What do organic compounds always conta…
Carbon
What are the four types of macromolecu…
Carbohydrates ... Lipids ... Proteins ... Nucleic Acids
49 terms
Biology Honors-Bio Chemistry
Cohesion
Adhesion
Surface Tension
Heat vs. Temperature
the tendency for molecules to stick together
the clinging of one substance to another
a measure of how difficult it is the stretch or break the sur…
the amount of energy associated with the movement of atoms an…
Cohesion
the tendency for molecules to stick together
Adhesion
the clinging of one substance to another
11 terms
Biotech Vocab (IB HONORS BIO)
Biotechnology
Cloning
Gel electrophoresis
Transgenic organisms
The use of genetic engineering to find solutions to problems.
Replicate (a fragment of DNA placed in an organsim) so that t…
Process that involved using electric current to separate cert…
Organisms genetically engineered by inserting a gene from ano…
Biotechnology
The use of genetic engineering to find solutions to problems.
Cloning
Replicate (a fragment of DNA placed in an organsim) so that t…
45 terms
Honors Biology: Bio-molecules
Covalent bonds
Hydrogen bonds
Why is water a polar molecule?
Weak attractions
hold the hydrogen atoms to the oxygen atoms
an attraction with the hydrogen atoms since the charges betwe…
The oxygen atom is more negatively charged because the electr…
are formed between oxygen and hydrogen atoms
Covalent bonds
hold the hydrogen atoms to the oxygen atoms
Hydrogen bonds
an attraction with the hydrogen atoms since the charges betwe…
11 terms
Mendelian genetics (IB HONORS BIO)
Law of segregation
Dominant
Recessive
Homozygous
Mendelian's law stating that two alleles for each trait durin…
Mendel's name for a specific trait that appeared in the F1 ge…
Mendel's name for a specific trait hidden or masked in the F1…
Organism with two of the same alleles for a specific trait
Law of segregation
Mendelian's law stating that two alleles for each trait durin…
Dominant
Mendel's name for a specific trait that appeared in the F1 ge…
45 terms
Honors Biology: Bio-molecules
Covalent bonds
Hydrogen bonds
Why is water a polar molecule?
Weak attractions
hold the hydrogen atoms to the oxygen atoms
an attraction with the hydrogen atoms since the charges betwe…
The oxygen atom is more negatively charged because the electr…
are formed between oxygen and hydrogen atoms
Covalent bonds
hold the hydrogen atoms to the oxygen atoms
Hydrogen bonds
an attraction with the hydrogen atoms since the charges betwe…
33 terms
IB Biology Molecular bio practice
4 most occurring elements in nature
Other essential elements
Use of sulfur:
Use of calcium:
Carbon... Nitrogen... Oxygen... Hydrogen
Sulfur ... Calcium... Phosphorous... Iron... Sodium
In proteins (amino acids)
For muscles
4 most occurring elements in nature
Carbon... Nitrogen... Oxygen... Hydrogen
Other essential elements
Sulfur ... Calcium... Phosphorous... Iron... Sodium
28 terms
classification of bio diversity ib biology 5.3
binomial nomenclature
taxonomy
domain
human
a naming system for organisms (2 naming system). first word i…
domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
bacteria, eukaryote, archaea
K animalia, P chordata, C mamalia, O primates, F hominids, G…
binomial nomenclature
a naming system for organisms (2 naming system). first word i…
taxonomy
domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
57 terms
IB Bio: Plant Biology
Importance of plants
Characteristics of all plants
Characteristics of land plants
Rhizoids
Food source... Produce oxygen... Source of fibres (used for clothin…
Organisms that lack mobility.... Eukaryotes.... Multiple organell…
Support and anchorage... Vascular tissue to conduct nutrients/wa…
Hair-like structures on mosses and ferns... Act like roots to an…
Importance of plants
Food source... Produce oxygen... Source of fibres (used for clothin…
Characteristics of all plants
Organisms that lack mobility.... Eukaryotes.... Multiple organell…
35 terms
Honors Biology- BioBasics
What is the most important rule of lab…
___ eating or drinking in the lab
______ wear protective lab ware if nee…
List three examples of protective lab…
Tell the teacher
No
Always
Gloves, goggles, apron
What is the most important rule of lab…
Tell the teacher
___ eating or drinking in the lab
No
10 terms
IB Bio 1.1 Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Functions of Life
Kingdom Protista
Differentiation
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
Unicellular organisms (Paramecium and Chollera)
Cells become specialized for certain things and functions
Cell Theory
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Functions of Life
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
40 terms
IB biology: cell bio
7 functions of life
cell theory
Hooke
vanLeewenhoek
metabolism... growth... reproduction... response... homeostasis... nutrition…
cells are the smallest unit of life ... all living things are co…
looked at cork under microscope, he named and discovered cells
father of microscopy, first to observe and describe single ce…
7 functions of life
metabolism... growth... reproduction... response... homeostasis... nutrition…
cell theory
cells are the smallest unit of life ... all living things are co…
41 terms
[WHS - BIO H] Unit 3 Biology Honors Test
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Chemical Energy
Photoautotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating org…
an organism that is able to form nutritional organic substanc…
Energy available in molecules for release in a chemical react…
organism that uses energy from sunlight to convert carbon dio…
Heterotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating org…
Autotroph
an organism that is able to form nutritional organic substanc…
60 terms
Honors Biology Unit 3 BioChem
Organisms are made of four kinds of mo…
What are macromolecules?
Polymer
What is a monomer?
Proteins... Nucleic Acids... Carbohydrates... Lipids
(Proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids)... Constitu…
A bunch of monomers bonded together
The building blocks of molecules
Organisms are made of four kinds of mo…
Proteins... Nucleic Acids... Carbohydrates... Lipids
What are macromolecules?
(Proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids)... Constitu…
79 terms
Honors Biology Unit 3 BioChem 2
Organisms are made of four kinds of mo…
What are macromolecules?
Polymer
What is a monomer?
Proteins... Nucleic Acids... Carbohydrates... Lipids
(Proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids)... Constitu…
A bunch of monomers bonded together
The building blocks of molecules
Organisms are made of four kinds of mo…
Proteins... Nucleic Acids... Carbohydrates... Lipids
What are macromolecules?
(Proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids)... Constitu…
Bio Chemistry (Biology Honors)- Messina
carbon
organic chemistry
carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
nitrogen, phosphorus and sulfur
all living things are made of
the study of the compounds in all living things
what are the 3 elements found in all living things
what are 3 important elements often found in living things (n…
carbon
all living things are made of
organic chemistry
the study of the compounds in all living things
19 terms
IB Bio - 3.3 Meiosis
Prophase 1 (early)
Prophase 1 (late)
Metaphase 1
Anaphase 1
DNA condenses, chromosomes become visible.
Homologous chromosomes (each with 2 chromatids) pair up and f…
Homologous chromosomes (Tetrads) line up alone equator
Spindle fibres separate each of the homologous chromosomes to…
Prophase 1 (early)
DNA condenses, chromosomes become visible.
Prophase 1 (late)
Homologous chromosomes (each with 2 chromatids) pair up and f…
30 terms
IB Biology Molecular Bio (2.1, 2.2, & 2.3)
Define Molecular Biology.
What makes Carbon so unique?
What are the molecules of life?
What is Metabolism?
Explanation of the living processes in terms of chemical reac…
Carbon atoms can form four covalent bonds allowing a diversit…
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, and Nucleic Acids
The web of all the enzyme-catalyzed reactions in a cell or or…
Define Molecular Biology.
Explanation of the living processes in terms of chemical reac…
What makes Carbon so unique?
Carbon atoms can form four covalent bonds allowing a diversit…
48 terms
BIO HONORS // CELL BIOLOGY
Amphiphilic
Cholesterol (in the membrane)
Glycocalyx
Tissue transplant rejection
Phospholipids are _____ meaning they have both hydrophobic an…
Lipid found in the membrane which helps regulate the fluidity…
"sugar coat" formed by branching carbohydrate chains on integ…
Often cause by the large variation of glycocalyx (differences…
Amphiphilic
Phospholipids are _____ meaning they have both hydrophobic an…
Cholesterol (in the membrane)
Lipid found in the membrane which helps regulate the fluidity…
60 terms
Honors Bio Ch 1 Biology: Exploring Life
domain
eukaryotic cell
control
biosphere
largest category of organization for living things
cell possessing a nucleus
factors in an experiment that remain constant in order to ins…
sum of all Earth's living ecosystems
domain
largest category of organization for living things
eukaryotic cell
cell possessing a nucleus
26 terms
Honors Bio- Branches of biology
anatomy
anthropology
bacteriology
biochemistry
body structures
history of man (human evolution/ culture)
study of bacteria
chemical compounds and reactions in living things
anatomy
body structures
anthropology
history of man (human evolution/ culture)
17 terms
Bio Honors: The Language of Biology
a-
ab-
alb-
angio-
lacking; none; not; negative
away fron; out from; abstinence
white
vessels
a-
lacking; none; not; negative
ab-
away fron; out from; abstinence
15 terms
IB Bio 3.3
Diploid
Haploid
Reduction Division
Meiosis
Two sets of each chromosome present
One set of each chromosome present
Going from 1 haploid cell into 4 diploid cells
The process by which reduction from a diploid cell to a haplo…
Diploid
Two sets of each chromosome present
Haploid
One set of each chromosome present
10 terms
IB Bio 1.1 Cell Biology
Cell Theory
Functions of Life
Kingdom Protista
Differentiation
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
Unicellular organisms (Paramecium and Chollera)
Cells become specialized for certain things and functions
Cell Theory
All cells come from pre-existing cells... All organisms are made…
Functions of Life
Movement... Reproduction... Sensitivity... Homeostasis... Growth... Respirat…
13 terms
5.3 IB Biology
U5.3.1 The Binomial system of names fo…
U5.3.2 When species are discovered the…
U5.3.3 Taxonomists classify species us…
U5.3.4 All organisms are classified in…
Carl Linnaeus originally published Systema Natura in 1758 in…
The Binomial system was developed by Carl Linnaeus a Swedish…
The principal taxa for classifying eukaryotes are kingdom, ph…
These domains are the Archaea Domain, the Eubacteria Domain,…
U5.3.1 The Binomial system of names fo…
Carl Linnaeus originally published Systema Natura in 1758 in…
U5.3.2 When species are discovered the…
The Binomial system was developed by Carl Linnaeus a Swedish…
21 terms
Bio Honors Biology/Ecology
energy
water
living space
stable internal conditions
autotroph vs heterotroph
55%-75% of your body
leads to competition
homeostasis; warm blooded vs cold blooded
energy
autotroph vs heterotroph
water
55%-75% of your body
34 terms
Bio honors~Biology Molecules
Adenosine Triphosphate(ATP)
Amino Acid
Carbohydrates
Cellulose
Energy carrier
Monomer of a protein
Sugars. Starches. And fibers.
Carbohydrates
Adenosine Triphosphate(ATP)
Energy carrier
Amino Acid
Monomer of a protein
69 terms
IB Biology Topic 3
chromosome
genes
alleles
gene locus
made of DNA and protein; contains genes; structural units tha…
heritable factors that control specific characteristics; vari…
different forms of a specific gene
specific position of a gene on a chromosome
chromosome
made of DNA and protein; contains genes; structural units tha…
genes
heritable factors that control specific characteristics; vari…
50 terms
IB Bio - Cell Biology & Genetics
The Cell Theory
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
Endosymbiotic Theory
All living things are made of one or more cells... The cell is t…
Cells without a nucleus... Their DNA is a single,... circular chrom…
Cells with a true nucleus... Their DNA is composed of many linea…
The theory is that a large host cell ingested small cells (po…
The Cell Theory
All living things are made of one or more cells... The cell is t…
Prokaryotic Cells
Cells without a nucleus... Their DNA is a single,... circular chrom…
69 terms
Honors Biology, Chapter 3
Isomers
macromolecules
polymerization
monomers
Molecules with the same molecular formula but different struc…
"Giant molecules" made from thousands or even hundreds of tho…
Process by which smaller units--monomers--are joined together…
The name for the smaller units that can be joined together to…
Isomers
Molecules with the same molecular formula but different struc…
macromolecules
"Giant molecules" made from thousands or even hundreds of tho…
26 terms
Honors biology branches of bio
Anatomy
Anthropology
Bacteriology
Biochemistry
Study of body structures
Study of the history of man
Study of bacteria
Study of chemical compounds and reactions present in living t…
Anatomy
Study of body structures
Anthropology
Study of the history of man
31 terms
Honors Bio Language of Biology
-ology
macro-
homo-/homeo-
endo-
study of
large
same
in
-ology
study of
macro-
large
19 terms
IB Bio Plant Biology
Transpiration
Mesophyl
Epidermis
Why are pores needed in the epidermis
The loss of water vapour from the stems and leaves of plants.…
Spongy cells with moist cell walls that are located in the lo…
Secretes wax to form a waterproof coating to the leaf. Preven…
Needed for CO2 to enter the leaf and O2 to leave
Transpiration
The loss of water vapour from the stems and leaves of plants.…
Mesophyl
Spongy cells with moist cell walls that are located in the lo…
55 terms
IB Bio Plant Biology
Does phytochrome promote or inhibit tr…
The hormone auxin is responsible for _…
Why do evergreens have a cone shape?
What is the role of adhesion in transp…
Promote
Elongating (NOT MULTIPLYING)
The bottom of the tree has low levels of auxin which promotes…
Adhesion causes water molecules to stick to the inside of the…
Does phytochrome promote or inhibit tr…
Promote
The hormone auxin is responsible for _…
Elongating (NOT MULTIPLYING)
84 terms
Unit 3 Honors Bio
Macromolecules
Dehydration Synthesis
Protiens - Primary Structure
Protiens - Secondary Structure
Protien... Carbohydrates... Nucleic Acids... Lipids
Formation of water during bonding... Losing water, forming bond
Order of amino acids... DNA decides it
Hydrogen bonding... Either adjacent Oxygen and Hydrogens, which…
Macromolecules
Protien... Carbohydrates... Nucleic Acids... Lipids
Dehydration Synthesis
Formation of water during bonding... Losing water, forming bond
49 terms
Honors Bio chapter 3
Methyl group
carboxyl group
aldehyde group
ketone
carbonyl group between 2 carbon atoms
Methyl group
carboxyl group
48 terms
Chapter 3 honors biology
Organic chemistry
Functional groups
Monomers
Polymer
-chemistry of organisms... -covalent bonding
specific combo of atoms that always react in the same way reg…
molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to f…
Molecule that consists of repeated linked units
Organic chemistry
-chemistry of organisms... -covalent bonding
Functional groups
specific combo of atoms that always react in the same way reg…
146 terms
Topic 2 - Molecular biology (IB Bio 2014)
Amino acid
Anabolism
Carbohydrates
Catabolism
building block of proteins that consists of a basic amino gro…
the synthesis of complex molecules from simpler molecules, in…
organic compounds with the general formula (CH2O)n, including…
the breakdown of complex molecules into simpler molecules, in…
Amino acid
building block of proteins that consists of a basic amino gro…
Anabolism
the synthesis of complex molecules from simpler molecules, in…
23 terms
IB Bio 1.3
plasma membrane
hydrophilic/polar
hydrophobic/nonpolar
amphipathic
microscopic membrane of lipids & proteins that:... -forms the ex…
___________/_____ molecules are attracted to water
___________/________ molecules are repelled by water
when part of a molecule is hydrophilic and part is hydrophobic
plasma membrane
microscopic membrane of lipids & proteins that:... -forms the ex…
hydrophilic/polar
___________/_____ molecules are attracted to water
54 terms
Honors Bio Ch 3
alpha helix
amines
amino acids
amino group
the spiral shape resulting from the coiling of a polypeptide…
Organic compounds characterized by the presence of an amino g…
Monomer of Proteins
A functional group that consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to…
alpha helix
the spiral shape resulting from the coiling of a polypeptide…
amines
Organic compounds characterized by the presence of an amino g…
14 terms
Cell Biology IB Bio SL
Features of all cells
Cell Theory
7 characteristics of life
Metabolism
- DNA... - Cytoplasm... - Cell/plasma membrane... - Ribosomes
1. Cells are building blocks of structure in living things... 2.…
1. Metabolism... 2. Growth... 3. Response... 4. Homeostasis... 5. Nutriti…
chemical reactions
Features of all cells
- DNA... - Cytoplasm... - Cell/plasma membrane... - Ribosomes
Cell Theory
1. Cells are building blocks of structure in living things... 2.…
34 terms
IB Bio Topic 3
amino acids
anticodon
base-pairing rules
coding strand
organic molecule containing a carboxyl group and an amino gro…
on a tRNA molecule, a specific sequence of 3 nucleotides that…
Cytosine-Guanine... Adenine-Thymine (replaceable with Uracil in…
a DNA strand that complements the base sequence for RNA
amino acids
organic molecule containing a carboxyl group and an amino gro…
anticodon
on a tRNA molecule, a specific sequence of 3 nucleotides that…
IB Bio: CelL Biology
Cell theory
Robert Hooke
Antoine Van Leevwenhoek
Schleiden & Schwann
- Smallest unit of life... - All living things are made of cells…
Made the word "cell"
Master microscope maker, used the term "animalcules", becomes…
Disproves "spontaneous generation"
Cell theory
- Smallest unit of life... - All living things are made of cells…
Robert Hooke
Made the word "cell"
11 terms
honors bio molecular biology
Study of heredity at molecular level
Virus that infects bacteria
Why couldnt they use radioactive carbo…
What are the components of a nucleotide
Molecular biology
Bacteriophages
B/c they bith contain carbon
A phosphate group... A pentose sugar... A nitrogen base
Study of heredity at molecular level
Molecular biology
Virus that infects bacteria
Bacteriophages
19 terms
HONORS BIOLOGY: Intro to Bio Vocabulary
Abiotic
Adaptation
Aerobic Respiration
Anaerobic Respiration
non-living
any alteration in the structure or function of an organism by…
the use of oxygen in the breakdown of foodstuffs to create en…
the breakdown of sugar or other organic compounds in the abse…
Abiotic
non-living
Adaptation
any alteration in the structure or function of an organism by…
132 terms
IB BIO 2 - Molecular biology (For 12th Final)
Urea
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Protein
Comes from urine... When we have TOO MUCH amino acids in our bod…
organic compounds... - general formula (CH2O)n, (including sugar…
organic compounds (fats, oils, waxes, sterols, and triglyceri…
organic molecule made of chains of amino acids... -all contain C…
Urea
Comes from urine... When we have TOO MUCH amino acids in our bod…
Carbohydrates
organic compounds... - general formula (CH2O)n, (including sugar…
114 terms
Topic 1- Cell Biology (IB Bio 2014)
Cell theory
Centi-
Coarse focus
Differentiation
theory that states that all organisms are composed of cells,…
metric prefix 1/100th or 1 10-2.
dial used to initially focus a light microscope on a specimen.
the alteration of a cell's morphology and physiology through…
Cell theory
theory that states that all organisms are composed of cells,…
Centi-
metric prefix 1/100th or 1 10-2.
Honors Biology - Ch 3
Organic compounds
Isomers
Hydrocarbons
Functional groups
A chemical compound containing the element carbon and usually…
Organic compounds with the same molecular formula but differe…
A chemical compound composed only of the elements carbon and…
The groups of atoms that usually participate in chemical reac…
Organic compounds
A chemical compound containing the element carbon and usually…
Isomers
Organic compounds with the same molecular formula but differe…
47 terms
IB Bio 2.3
Carbohydrates subunit
function of saccharides (2)
3 types of carbohydrates
monosaccharides
simple sugars (monomer) OR saccharides
energy use (glucose)... energy storage (glycogen)
monosaccharides, disaccharides, polysaccharides
one sugar... glucose, ribose, fructose
Carbohydrates subunit
simple sugars (monomer) OR saccharides
function of saccharides (2)
energy use (glucose)... energy storage (glycogen)
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