Study sets matching "honors biology 2"

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Study sets matching "honors biology 2"

34 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2
catalyst
enzyme
substrate
endothermic
A substance that decreases the activation energy needed to st…
Catalysts for chemical reactions in living organisms.
The specific reactants that an enzyme can act on.
A chemical reaction that absorbs more energy than it releases.
catalyst
A substance that decreases the activation energy needed to st…
enzyme
Catalysts for chemical reactions in living organisms.
43 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Trace Elements
Compound
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
An element that is essential for life but required in extemel…
A substance containing two or more elements in a fixed ratio.…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
28 terms
Honors Biology: Unit 2 Macromolecules
Polar molecule
Hydrogen bond
Hydrophobic
Hydrophilic
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
A weak bond formed by the attraction of slightly positive and…
"Fear of Water" A molecule that will not mix with water.
"Love of Water" A molecule that will mix with water.
Polar molecule
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
Hydrogen bond
A weak bond formed by the attraction of slightly positive and…
42 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2
matter
element
trace element
compound
that which has mass and occupies space
any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur…
an element that occurs at very small quantities in the body b…
a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements…
matter
that which has mass and occupies space
element
any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur…
155 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2
carbohydrate
lipid
protein
carbohydrate
Classify as a carbohydrate, protein, or lipid: Disaccharide
Classify as a carb, protein, or lipid: Long Term Energy Storage
Classify as a carb, protein, or lipid: Contains C, H, O, and N
Classify as a carb, protein, or lipid: Cellulose
carbohydrate
Classify as a carbohydrate, protein, or lipid: Disaccharide
lipid
Classify as a carb, protein, or lipid: Long Term Energy Storage
338 terms
Biology Honors Trimester 2
Multiple Alleles
Polygenic Characteristics
Effects of the Environment on Phenotypes
Genes
Genes that have multiple or more than two alleles... Ex: ABO Blo…
Characteristics that are controlled by more than gene, and th…
Exposure to more ultraviolet rays can increase the amount of…
Units of heredity passed from parents to offspring ( up to 22…
Multiple Alleles
Genes that have multiple or more than two alleles... Ex: ABO Blo…
Polygenic Characteristics
Characteristics that are controlled by more than gene, and th…
honors biology sem#2
messenger rna
covalent bonds
one new strand and one old strand
proteins
the coded material that migrates from a cell nucleus to a rib…
what holds the sugar phosphate backbone together
dna replication results in 2 dna molecules
dna holds the instruction for making
messenger rna
the coded material that migrates from a cell nucleus to a rib…
covalent bonds
what holds the sugar phosphate backbone together
Honors Biology Semester 2
Photosynthesis
Plant Structures
Leaves
Transport
Process in which plants use the energy of sunlight to convert…
Vein : transports water, molecules, & nutrients around ... plan…
pigments : light absorbing molecules... chlorophyll : plant's pr…
Root pressure, Capillary Action, and Transpiration... adhesion…
Photosynthesis
Process in which plants use the energy of sunlight to convert…
Plant Structures
Vein : transports water, molecules, & nutrients around ... plan…
honors biology unit 2 vocab
atom
element
compound
ion
the smallest basic unit of matter
one particular type of atom and it cannot be broken down into…
a substance made of atoms of different elements bonded togeth…
an atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons
atom
the smallest basic unit of matter
element
one particular type of atom and it cannot be broken down into…
22 terms
Honors Biology
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Monomer
Polymer
Attracts water molecules
Avoids water molecules
A chemical part that serves as a building block of a polymer
A compound consisting of repeated linked monomers.
Hydrophilic
Attracts water molecules
Hydrophobic
Avoids water molecules
85 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2
ionic bond
ion
covalent bond
molecule
ionic compounds held together by an attraction between opposi…
when an atom either gains or loses an electron, it becomes an…
result of two atoms sharing electrons in a way that each atom…
formed when two or more atoms bond together covalently
ionic bond
ionic compounds held together by an attraction between opposi…
ion
when an atom either gains or loses an electron, it becomes an…
Biology Honors Unit 2
Monomer of DNA
3 pieces of nucleotide
4 bases in DNA
Base Pairing Rule
Nucleotides, or nucleic acids
Phosphate group, sugar, Nitrogenous base
Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, Thymine
Adenine pairs with Thymine, Guanine pairs with Cytosine
Monomer of DNA
Nucleotides, or nucleic acids
3 pieces of nucleotide
Phosphate group, sugar, Nitrogenous base
Honors Biology Unit 2
amino acid
carbohydrate
disaccharide
element
Building blocks of protein
Broken down to simple sugar
A double sugar, consisting of two monosaccharides joined by d…
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
amino acid
Building blocks of protein
carbohydrate
Broken down to simple sugar
Honors Biology Unit 2
Matter
Atomic Structure
Elements
Compounds
Anything that occupies space and has mass
the structure of an atom, theoretically consisting of a posit…
Cannot be broken down to other substances by ordinary chemica…
When 2 or more chemical elements are chemically bonded togeth…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Atomic Structure
the structure of an atom, theoretically consisting of a posit…
Honors Biology Unit 2
Nile Perch
Cichlid/ Ngege
Population Ecology
Lake Victoria
a large predatory fish found in lakes and rivers in northeast…
a perchlike freshwater fish of a family that is widely distri…
sub-field of ecology that deals with the dynamics of species…
the largest lake in Africa
Nile Perch
a large predatory fish found in lakes and rivers in northeast…
Cichlid/ Ngege
a perchlike freshwater fish of a family that is widely distri…
77 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2
How does a single covalent bond form?
A single covalent carbon atom can form…
H2O
activation energy
when they share two electrons
4
2 covalent bonds
energy that is needed to get a reaction started
How does a single covalent bond form?
when they share two electrons
A single covalent carbon atom can form…
4
honors biology chapter 2
chemistry
Atoms
Nucleus
Protons
The study of matter
The building blocks of matter
...
Positive charge
chemistry
The study of matter
Atoms
The building blocks of matter
69 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2
atom
atomic number
bond
chemical reaction
Smallest particle of an element
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
An attractive force acting between atoms
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
atom
Smallest particle of an element
atomic number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
78 terms
unit 2 - honors biology
Organic compounds
Carbon is chemically ______.
4 valence electron = 4 ________ _____
Carbon skeletons
carbon-based molecules
unique
covalent bonds
long chains of C-C bonds
Organic compounds
carbon-based molecules
Carbon is chemically ______.
unique
Honors Biology Chapter 2
acids
bases
pH scale
macromolecules
acids have more hydrogen ions than pure water... -pH value BELOW 7
bases have less hydrogen ions than pure water... -pH value ABOVE 7
indicates the concentration of HYDROGEN IONS in a solution... -r…
very large molecules made up of smaller ones
acids
acids have more hydrogen ions than pure water... -pH value BELOW 7
bases
bases have less hydrogen ions than pure water... -pH value ABOVE 7
50 terms
Unit 2 Honors Biology
Cell Theory
Role of microscope in the development…
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
all living things are made up of one or more cells, cells are…
scientists were given the ability to see things that couldn't…
looked at a piece of cork under the microscope and discovered…
discovered living cells under a microscope created by himself
Cell Theory
all living things are made up of one or more cells, cells are…
Role of microscope in the development…
scientists were given the ability to see things that couldn't…
155 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2
carbohydrate
lipid
protein
carbohydrate
Classify as a carbohydrate, protein, or lipid: Disaccharide
Classify as a carb, protein, or lipid: Long Term Energy Storage
Classify as a carb, protein, or lipid: Contains C, H, O, and N
Classify as a carb, protein, or lipid: Cellulose
carbohydrate
Classify as a carbohydrate, protein, or lipid: Disaccharide
lipid
Classify as a carb, protein, or lipid: Long Term Energy Storage
46 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Trace elements
Compound
defined as anything that occupies space and has mass. Found o…
is a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
are essential, but only in minute quantities. ... - Like iron, a…
substance consisting of two or more different elements combin…
Matter
defined as anything that occupies space and has mass. Found o…
Element
is a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
Honors Biology Unit 2
Prokaryote
What organelles are in a prokaryote?
Eukaryote
What organelles are in a eukaryote?
Single-celled organism that does not contain a nucleus, evolv…
Plasma membrane, cell wall, ribosomes, cytoplasm, DNA
Single-celled organism that does contain a nucleus, membrane-…
All
Prokaryote
Single-celled organism that does not contain a nucleus, evolv…
What organelles are in a prokaryote?
Plasma membrane, cell wall, ribosomes, cytoplasm, DNA
Biology Honors Final: Sem. 2
What is DNA made up of?
What is the backbone of DNA made up of?
What is the double helix structure of…
What is the anti-parallel structure of…
Dna is made up of chains of nucleotides which include PHOSPHA…
Phosphate group that is bonded to a sugar from another nucleo…
two strands that are held together by hydrogen bonds and are…
one strand is going up and the other is going down
What is DNA made up of?
Dna is made up of chains of nucleotides which include PHOSPHA…
What is the backbone of DNA made up of?
Phosphate group that is bonded to a sugar from another nucleo…
25 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 2
Matter
Elements
Who found atoms
Atoms
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Living or nonliving, *cannot be broken down to simpler substa…
John Dalton
Smallest part of element that displays the properties of the…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Elements
Living or nonliving, *cannot be broken down to simpler substa…
36 terms
Honors Biology 2.2
State the function of monosaccharides,…
Why do molecules of saturated and unsa…
What determines the primary structure…
Identify the three parts of a nucleoti…
Carbohydrates all consist of one or more smaller units called…
Saturated fatty acids do not contain any other groups except…
Amino Acids
a base (containing nitrogen)... a sugar (ribose in RNA, deoxyrib…
State the function of monosaccharides,…
Carbohydrates all consist of one or more smaller units called…
Why do molecules of saturated and unsa…
Saturated fatty acids do not contain any other groups except…
124 terms
honors biology
uni/mono
di
tri
mer
one
two
three
molecules
uni/mono
one
di
two
57 terms
Honors Biology Unit 2
abiotic
aquatic
biome
biosphere
Non-living factors that affect living organisms and the funct…
Animal or plant that lives in marine or freshwater environment
An entire community of living organisms adapted to an distinc…
The part of the earth and its atmosphere in which organisms a…
abiotic
Non-living factors that affect living organisms and the funct…
aquatic
Animal or plant that lives in marine or freshwater environment
Biology II Honors Chapter 2
Isotope
Potential Energy
Covalent Bonds
Polar Covalent Bond
forms of an element with the same atomic number, but differen…
Stored energy that matter has because of its location or stru…
Electrons are shared between atoms. Strong bond. Sugars, fats…
Electrons are shared unevenly between atoms. There is a sligh…
Isotope
forms of an element with the same atomic number, but differen…
Potential Energy
Stored energy that matter has because of its location or stru…
Honors Biology - Ranges (2)
Range of Tolerance
R Species
Fly, really most types of bugs
K Species
range of specific conditions in which species survive
a species that has characteristics including a short maturati…
Give an example of an r species.
a species that has characteristics including long maturation,…
Range of Tolerance
range of specific conditions in which species survive
R Species
a species that has characteristics including a short maturati…
37 terms
Honors Biology: Unit 2
Polar molecule
Hydrogen bond
Hydrophobic
Hydrophilic
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
A weak bond formed by the attraction of slightly positive and…
"Fear of Water" A molecule that will not mix with water.
"Love of Water" A molecule that will mix with water.
Polar molecule
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
Hydrogen bond
A weak bond formed by the attraction of slightly positive and…
Honors Biology - Bioaccumulation (2)
DDT
PCB's
Mercury
10x
non-degrading pesticide in the environment that is stored in…
Non-degrading chemical by product in the environment that is…
non-degrading industrial waste in the environment that is sto…
In bioaccumulation, the next trophic level receives _____ mor…
DDT
non-degrading pesticide in the environment that is stored in…
PCB's
Non-degrading chemical by product in the environment that is…
61 terms
2.3 Honors Biology
carbon
CHON
trace elements
macromolecules
element of life, versatile atom, 4 valence electrons that can…
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen (96% of body)
smaller % of elements in body
large molecules used by all polymers which are made up of mon…
carbon
element of life, versatile atom, 4 valence electrons that can…
CHON
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen (96% of body)
153 terms
Honors Biology Semester 2
Punett square
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Dominant
Term used to refer to an organism that has two identical alle…
Term used to refer to an organism that has two different alle…
Traits that are expressed or seen when a heterozygous genotyp…
Punett square
Homozygous
Term used to refer to an organism that has two identical alle…
Biology 2 Honors (review)
The science of living things
Membrane protein with sugars attached…
Double stranded nucleic acid that stor…
Maintaining stable internal conditions…
Biology
...
...
...
The science of living things
Biology
Membrane protein with sugars attached…
...
Honors Biology - Conservation (2)
Habitat Degration
Habitat Loss
1. Deforestation... 2. Development
Habitat Fragmentation
the process of degrading the environment, polluting the envir…
complete loss of habitat... -deforestation... -development
What are two things that can lead to habitat loss?
breaking the habitat into pieces ... -buildings... -dams... -roads... -tu…
Habitat Degration
the process of degrading the environment, polluting the envir…
Habitat Loss
complete loss of habitat... -deforestation... -development
58 terms
honors biology ch. 2 chemistry
Atom
Proton
Neutron
Electron
base unit of matter made up of protons, neutrons, and electrons
positive charge found in the nucleus
neutral charge found in the nucleus
has a negative charge and is much smaller than the other two…
Atom
base unit of matter made up of protons, neutrons, and electrons
Proton
positive charge found in the nucleus
Honors Biology 2
Population Dynamics
Aphotic Zone
Landscape Ecology
Immigration
The study of how complex interactions between biotic and abio…
The part of an ocean or lake beneath the photic zone, where l…
The study of how the spatial arrangement of habitat types aff…
The influx of new individuals into a population from other ar…
Population Dynamics
The study of how complex interactions between biotic and abio…
Aphotic Zone
The part of an ocean or lake beneath the photic zone, where l…
Honors Biology 2
Kingdom
Cladistics
Class
Phylogeny
Group of related phyla
Classification system based on phylogeny
Group of related orders
Evolutionary history of a species
Kingdom
Group of related phyla
Cladistics
Classification system based on phylogeny
285 terms
Honors Biology Semester 2
relative dating
sedimentary rock
fossil
acquired characteristic
Determining the evolutionary history of a fossil based on its…
where most fossils form
trace of a long dead organism
not determined by DNA. Arises during an organism's lifetime.
relative dating
Determining the evolutionary history of a fossil based on its…
sedimentary rock
where most fossils form
85 terms
Biology Honors 2.01 chemistry of life
polymers
There are four categories of biologica…
Monosaccharides
Which monosaccharide is important for…
polymers are large molecules composed of many identical or si…
Carbohydrates... lipids... proteins... nucleic acid
monosaccharides is the smallest type of carbohydrates
Glucose
polymers
polymers are large molecules composed of many identical or si…
There are four categories of biologica…
Carbohydrates... lipids... proteins... nucleic acid
12 terms
Honors Biology 11.2
carrying capacity
demographic transition
emigration
exponential growth
Largest number of individuals of a population that a environm…
change in a population from high birth and death rates to low…
Migration from a location
Growth pattern in which the individuals in a population repro…
carrying capacity
Largest number of individuals of a population that a environm…
demographic transition
change in a population from high birth and death rates to low…
268 terms
Biology Honors | Semester 2
nucleotides
polynucleotide
sugar-phosphate backbone
thymine (T)
nucleic acids consisting of long chains of chemical units
a polymer made up of many nucleotides covalently bonded toget…
the alternating chain of sugar and phosphate to which the DNA…
a single-ring nitrogenous base found in DNA
nucleotides
nucleic acids consisting of long chains of chemical units
polynucleotide
a polymer made up of many nucleotides covalently bonded toget…
53 terms
Honors Biology Roots 2
extra
fimb
follic
fov
outside
fringe
small bag, hair
pit
extra
outside
fimb
fringe
8 terms
2-3 Honors Biology
Monosaccharide
Amino acid
Fatty acid
Nucleotide
Monomer of a carbohydrate
Monomer of a protein
Monomer of a lipid
Monomer of a nucleic acid
Monosaccharide
Monomer of a carbohydrate
Amino acid
Monomer of a protein
Honors Biology Vocabulary #2
acetabul-
adip-
agglutin-
aliment-
vinegar cup
fat
to glue together
food
acetabul-
vinegar cup
adip-
fat
39 terms
Honors Biology Ch. 2
Atom
Compound
Nucleus
Element
The basic unit of matter
Substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
The center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
Pure substance that consists entirely of one type of atom
Atom
The basic unit of matter
Compound
Substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more e…
46 terms
Honors Biology Vocab 2
matter
mass
element
atom
anything that occupies space and has mass
the quantity of matter an object has
substances that cannot be broken down chemically into simpler…
the simplest particle of an atom that retains all of the prop…
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
mass
the quantity of matter an object has
Unit 2-Honors Biology
Hydroxyl
Carbonyl
Carboxyl
Amino
-OH functional group makes alcohols
A functional group consisting of C=O makes Aldehydes and Keto…
-COOH functional group that makes Carboxylic acids.
Functional group that makes Amines
Hydroxyl
-OH functional group makes alcohols
Carbonyl
A functional group consisting of C=O makes Aldehydes and Keto…
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