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Study sets matching "honors biology 2"

34 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2
catalyst
enzyme
substrate
endothermic
A substance that decreases the activation energy needed to st…
Catalysts for chemical reactions in living organisms.
The specific reactants that an enzyme can act on.
A chemical reaction that absorbs more energy than it releases.
catalyst
A substance that decreases the activation energy needed to st…
enzyme
Catalysts for chemical reactions in living organisms.
28 terms
Honors Biology: Unit 2 Macromolecules
Polar molecule
Hydrogen bond
Hydrophobic
Hydrophilic
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
A weak bond formed by the attraction of slightly positive and…
"Fear of Water" A molecule that will not mix with water.
"Love of Water" A molecule that will mix with water.
Polar molecule
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
Hydrogen bond
A weak bond formed by the attraction of slightly positive and…
43 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Trace Elements
Compound
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
An element that is essential for life but required in extemel…
A substance containing two or more elements in a fixed ratio.…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
74 terms
Honors Biology Unit 2
Nile Perch
Cichlid/ Ngege
Population Ecology
Lake Victoria
a large predatory fish found in lakes and rivers in northeast…
a perchlike freshwater fish of a family that is widely distri…
sub-field of ecology that deals with the dynamics of species…
the largest lake in Africa
Nile Perch
a large predatory fish found in lakes and rivers in northeast…
Cichlid/ Ngege
a perchlike freshwater fish of a family that is widely distri…
42 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2
matter
element
trace element
compound
that which has mass and occupies space
any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur…
an element that occurs at very small quantities in the body b…
a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements…
matter
that which has mass and occupies space
element
any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur…
88 terms
Unit 2-Honors Biology
Hydroxyl
Carbonyl
Carboxyl
Amino
-OH functional group makes alcohols
A functional group consisting of C=O makes Aldehydes and Keto…
-COOH functional group that makes Carboxylic acids.
Functional group that makes Amines
Hydroxyl
-OH functional group makes alcohols
Carbonyl
A functional group consisting of C=O makes Aldehydes and Keto…
338 terms
Biology Honors Trimester 2
Multiple Alleles
Polygenic Characteristics
Effects of the Environment on Phenotypes
Genes
Genes that have multiple or more than two alleles... Ex: ABO Blo…
Characteristics that are controlled by more than gene, and th…
Exposure to more ultraviolet rays can increase the amount of…
Units of heredity passed from parents to offspring ( up to 22…
Multiple Alleles
Genes that have multiple or more than two alleles... Ex: ABO Blo…
Polygenic Characteristics
Characteristics that are controlled by more than gene, and th…
honors biology sem#2
messenger rna
covalent bonds
one new strand and one old strand
proteins
the coded material that migrates from a cell nucleus to a rib…
what holds the sugar phosphate backbone together
dna replication results in 2 dna molecules
dna holds the instruction for making
messenger rna
the coded material that migrates from a cell nucleus to a rib…
covalent bonds
what holds the sugar phosphate backbone together
29 terms
Honors Biology Semester 2
Photosynthesis
Plant Structures
Leaves
Transport
Process in which plants use the energy of sunlight to convert…
Vein : transports water, molecules, & nutrients around ... plan…
pigments : light absorbing molecules... chlorophyll : plant's pr…
Root pressure, Capillary Action, and Transpiration... adhesion…
Photosynthesis
Process in which plants use the energy of sunlight to convert…
Plant Structures
Vein : transports water, molecules, & nutrients around ... plan…
15 terms
Honors Biology Unit 2
amino acid
carbohydrate
disaccharide
element
Building blocks of protein
Broken down to simple sugar
A double sugar, consisting of two monosaccharides joined by d…
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
amino acid
Building blocks of protein
carbohydrate
Broken down to simple sugar
30 terms
Biology Honors Unit 2
Monomer of DNA
3 pieces of nucleotide
4 bases in DNA
Base Pairing Rule
Nucleotides, or nucleic acids
Phosphate group, sugar, Nitrogenous base
Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, Thymine
Adenine pairs with Thymine, Guanine pairs with Cytosine
Monomer of DNA
Nucleotides, or nucleic acids
3 pieces of nucleotide
Phosphate group, sugar, Nitrogenous base
35 terms
biology 2 honors
anatomy
physiology
cell
organelles
examines the structures or morphology of the body parts, thei…
considers the functions of body parts- what they do and how t…
the BASIC UNIT of structure and function in all organisms, in…
a structure in cells that carry on specific activities
anatomy
examines the structures or morphology of the body parts, thei…
physiology
considers the functions of body parts- what they do and how t…
77 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2
How does a single covalent bond form?
A single covalent carbon atom can form…
H2O
activation energy
when they share two electrons
4
2 covalent bonds
energy that is needed to get a reaction started
How does a single covalent bond form?
when they share two electrons
A single covalent carbon atom can form…
4
81 terms
Honors Biology Unit 2
Matter
Atomic Structure
Elements
Compounds
Anything that occupies space and has mass
the structure of an atom, theoretically consisting of a posit…
Cannot be broken down to other substances by ordinary chemica…
When 2 or more chemical elements are chemically bonded togeth…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Atomic Structure
the structure of an atom, theoretically consisting of a posit…
31 terms
honors biology chapter 2
chemistry
Atoms
Nucleus
Protons
The study of matter
The building blocks of matter
...
Positive charge
chemistry
The study of matter
Atoms
The building blocks of matter
56 terms
Biology Honors Unit 2
Acid pH
Neutral pH
Basic pH
Chemical Reaction
pH<7, H+ions
7, H2O
non acidic pH 8-12, OH- ions
a process in which one or more substances are changed into ot…
Acid pH
pH<7, H+ions
Neutral pH
7, H2O
78 terms
unit 2 - honors biology
Organic compounds
Carbon is chemically ______.
4 valence electron = 4 ________ _____
Carbon skeletons
carbon-based molecules
unique
covalent bonds
long chains of C-C bonds
Organic compounds
carbon-based molecules
Carbon is chemically ______.
unique
69 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2
atom
atomic number
bond
chemical reaction
Smallest particle of an element
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
An attractive force acting between atoms
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
atom
Smallest particle of an element
atomic number
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
155 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2
carbohydrate
lipid
protein
carbohydrate
Classify as a carbohydrate, protein, or lipid: Disaccharide
Classify as a carb, protein, or lipid: Long Term Energy Storage
Classify as a carb, protein, or lipid: Contains C, H, O, and N
Classify as a carb, protein, or lipid: Cellulose
carbohydrate
Classify as a carbohydrate, protein, or lipid: Disaccharide
lipid
Classify as a carb, protein, or lipid: Long Term Energy Storage
Honors Biology Unit 2
Light Microscope
Electron Microscope
Eukaryotic cell
Prokaryotic cell
shows close color to subject
kills the the organism
Contains a membrane bound nucleus
does not contain a membrane bound nucleus
Light Microscope
shows close color to subject
Electron Microscope
kills the the organism
50 terms
Unit 2 Honors Biology
Cell Theory
Role of microscope in the development…
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
all living things are made up of one or more cells, cells are…
scientists were given the ability to see things that couldn't…
looked at a piece of cork under the microscope and discovered…
discovered living cells under a microscope created by himself
Cell Theory
all living things are made up of one or more cells, cells are…
Role of microscope in the development…
scientists were given the ability to see things that couldn't…
56 terms
Unit 2 Honors Biology
Cell Theory
Role of microscope in the development…
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
all living things are made up of one or more cells, cells are…
scientists were given the ability to see things that couldn't…
looked at a piece of cork under the microscope and discovered…
discovered living cells under a microscope created by himself
Cell Theory
all living things are made up of one or more cells, cells are…
Role of microscope in the development…
scientists were given the ability to see things that couldn't…
25 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 2
Matter
Elements
Who found atoms
Atoms
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Living or nonliving, *cannot be broken down to simpler substa…
John Dalton
Smallest part of element that displays the properties of the…
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Elements
Living or nonliving, *cannot be broken down to simpler substa…
46 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Trace elements
Compound
defined as anything that occupies space and has mass. Found o…
is a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
are essential, but only in minute quantities. ... - Like iron, a…
substance consisting of two or more different elements combin…
Matter
defined as anything that occupies space and has mass. Found o…
Element
is a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances…
94 terms
honors biology pt. 2
science
7 steps of the scientific method
observation
hypothesis
observes the world objectively and systematically
1. observation ... 2. hypothesis... 3. prediction... 4. test predictio…
always the first step of scientific method and should generat…
"educated" answer to your question
science
observes the world objectively and systematically
7 steps of the scientific method
1. observation ... 2. hypothesis... 3. prediction... 4. test predictio…
100 terms
Honors Biology Unit 2
Prokaryote
What organelles are in a prokaryote?
Eukaryote
What organelles are in a eukaryote?
Single-celled organism that does not contain a nucleus, evolv…
Plasma membrane, cell wall, ribosomes, cytoplasm, DNA
Single-celled organism that does contain a nucleus, membrane-…
All
Prokaryote
Single-celled organism that does not contain a nucleus, evolv…
What organelles are in a prokaryote?
Plasma membrane, cell wall, ribosomes, cytoplasm, DNA
35 terms
Honors Biology chapter 2
Nutrients
Heterotrophs
Autotrophs
Photoautotrophs
is needed to make molecules grow... * labels on back of foods sh…
organisms that take energy from others... *can take energy from…
organisms that gather energy from things that are non-living.…
Organisms that use photosynthesis... *photo=light (greek)
Nutrients
is needed to make molecules grow... * labels on back of foods sh…
Heterotrophs
organisms that take energy from others... *can take energy from…
Biology Honors Final: Sem. 2
What is DNA made up of?
What is the backbone of DNA made up of?
What is the double helix structure of…
What is the anti-parallel structure of…
Dna is made up of chains of nucleotides which include PHOSPHA…
Phosphate group that is bonded to a sugar from another nucleo…
two strands that are held together by hydrogen bonds and are…
one strand is going up and the other is going down
What is DNA made up of?
Dna is made up of chains of nucleotides which include PHOSPHA…
What is the backbone of DNA made up of?
Phosphate group that is bonded to a sugar from another nucleo…
155 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2
carbohydrate
lipid
protein
carbohydrate
Classify as a carbohydrate, protein, or lipid: Disaccharide
Classify as a carb, protein, or lipid: Long Term Energy Storage
Classify as a carb, protein, or lipid: Contains C, H, O, and N
Classify as a carb, protein, or lipid: Cellulose
carbohydrate
Classify as a carbohydrate, protein, or lipid: Disaccharide
lipid
Classify as a carb, protein, or lipid: Long Term Energy Storage
85 terms
Biology Honors 2.01 chemistry of life
polymers
There are four categories of biologica…
Monosaccharides
Which monosaccharide is important for…
polymers are large molecules composed of many identical or si…
Carbohydrates... lipids... proteins... nucleic acid
monosaccharides is the smallest type of carbohydrates
Glucose
polymers
polymers are large molecules composed of many identical or si…
There are four categories of biologica…
Carbohydrates... lipids... proteins... nucleic acid
37 terms
Honors Biology: Unit 2
Polar molecule
Hydrogen bond
Hydrophobic
Hydrophilic
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
A weak bond formed by the attraction of slightly positive and…
"Fear of Water" A molecule that will not mix with water.
"Love of Water" A molecule that will mix with water.
Polar molecule
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
Hydrogen bond
A weak bond formed by the attraction of slightly positive and…
4.2 Honors Biology
Two Types of Cells
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Plasma membrane
Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic
-Bacteria and Archae... -An organism whose cells do not have an…
A cell characterized by the presence of a nucleus and other m…
cells are bounded by a selective barrier called
Two Types of Cells
Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic
Prokaryotic
-Bacteria and Archae... -An organism whose cells do not have an…
45 terms
Honors Biology Ch. 2
Biochemistry
Different types of matter and their pr…
Matter
Element
Study of chemicals
Solid - Atoms are close together and don't move much; Definit…
anything that takes up space and has mass
cannot be broken down any further, pure substance
Biochemistry
Study of chemicals
Different types of matter and their pr…
Solid - Atoms are close together and don't move much; Definit…
285 terms
Honors Biology Semester 2
relative dating
sedimentary rock
fossil
acquired characteristic
Determining the evolutionary history of a fossil based on its…
where most fossils form
trace of a long dead organism
not determined by DNA. Arises during an organism's lifetime.
relative dating
Determining the evolutionary history of a fossil based on its…
sedimentary rock
where most fossils form
85 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2
ionic bond
ion
covalent bond
molecule
ionic compounds held together by an attraction between opposi…
when an atom either gains or loses an electron, it becomes an…
result of two atoms sharing electrons in a way that each atom…
formed when two or more atoms bond together covalently
ionic bond
ionic compounds held together by an attraction between opposi…
ion
when an atom either gains or loses an electron, it becomes an…
153 terms
Honors Biology Semester 2
Punett square
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Dominant
Term used to refer to an organism that has two identical alle…
Term used to refer to an organism that has two different alle…
Traits that are expressed or seen when a heterozygous genotyp…
Punett square
Homozygous
Term used to refer to an organism that has two identical alle…
53 terms
Honors Biology 2
Kingdom
Cladistics
Class
Phylogeny
Group of related phyla
Classification system based on phylogeny
Group of related orders
Evolutionary history of a species
Kingdom
Group of related phyla
Cladistics
Classification system based on phylogeny
12 terms
Honors Biology 11.2
carrying capacity
demographic transition
emigration
exponential growth
Largest number of individuals of a population that a environm…
change in a population from high birth and death rates to low…
Migration from a location
Growth pattern in which the individuals in a population repro…
carrying capacity
Largest number of individuals of a population that a environm…
demographic transition
change in a population from high birth and death rates to low…
268 terms
Biology Honors | Semester 2
nucleotides
polynucleotide
sugar-phosphate backbone
thymine (T)
nucleic acids consisting of long chains of chemical units
a polymer made up of many nucleotides covalently bonded toget…
the alternating chain of sugar and phosphate to which the DNA…
a single-ring nitrogenous base found in DNA
nucleotides
nucleic acids consisting of long chains of chemical units
polynucleotide
a polymer made up of many nucleotides covalently bonded toget…
58 terms
honors biology ch. 2 chemistry
Atom
Proton
Neutron
Electron
base unit of matter made up of protons, neutrons, and electrons
positive charge found in the nucleus
neutral charge found in the nucleus
has a negative charge and is much smaller than the other two…
Atom
base unit of matter made up of protons, neutrons, and electrons
Proton
positive charge found in the nucleus
Biology II Honors Chapter 2
Isotope
Potential Energy
Covalent Bonds
Polar Covalent Bond
forms of an element with the same atomic number, but differen…
Stored energy that matter has because of its location or stru…
Electrons are shared between atoms. Strong bond. Sugars, fats…
Electrons are shared unevenly between atoms. There is a sligh…
Isotope
forms of an element with the same atomic number, but differen…
Potential Energy
Stored energy that matter has because of its location or stru…
42 terms
Biology 2 Honors: Test #4
Microscope
Cell Theory
Light Microscope
Electron Microscope
Invented by Lauwenhook... Using a microscope, Robert Hook, disco…
All living the things are made of cells
Enables us to see the overall shape & structure of a cell
They use beam of electrons instead of light... The greater resol…
Microscope
Invented by Lauwenhook... Using a microscope, Robert Hook, disco…
Cell Theory
All living the things are made of cells
30 terms
Biology Honors Semester 2
xxy
xxx
trisomy 18
trisomy 13
Klinefelters syndrome
triple x syndrome
edwards syndrome
patau
xxy
Klinefelters syndrome
xxx
triple x syndrome
36 terms
Honors Biology 2.2
State the function of monosaccharides,…
Why do molecules of saturated and unsa…
What determines the primary structure…
Identify the three parts of a nucleoti…
Carbohydrates all consist of one or more smaller units called…
Saturated fatty acids do not contain any other groups except…
Amino Acids
a base (containing nitrogen)... a sugar (ribose in RNA, deoxyrib…
State the function of monosaccharides,…
Carbohydrates all consist of one or more smaller units called…
Why do molecules of saturated and unsa…
Saturated fatty acids do not contain any other groups except…
57 terms
Honors Biology Unit 2
abiotic
aquatic
biome
biosphere
Non-living factors that affect living organisms and the funct…
Animal or plant that lives in marine or freshwater environment
An entire community of living organisms adapted to an distinc…
The part of the earth and its atmosphere in which organisms a…
abiotic
Non-living factors that affect living organisms and the funct…
aquatic
Animal or plant that lives in marine or freshwater environment
148 terms
Honors Biology Unit 2
malaria
chloroquine
artemisinin
Aristotle
•disease... •in 1960s, the World Health Organization (WHO) launc…
•at the same time that DDT was being celebrated in the war ag…
•most effective antimalarial drug ... •a compound extracted from…
•384-322 B.C.... •the "Great Change of Being"... •low to top order-…
malaria
•disease... •in 1960s, the World Health Organization (WHO) launc…
chloroquine
•at the same time that DDT was being celebrated in the war ag…
43 terms
Honors Biology Unit 2
Anabolic
Catabolic
Metabolism
Endergonic
Building larger molecules from smaller ones
Reactions that break down larger molecules into smaller ones
Both anabolic and catabolic reactions
Input of energy (reactant)
Anabolic
Building larger molecules from smaller ones
Catabolic
Reactions that break down larger molecules into smaller ones
60 terms
Honors Biology Unit 2 Biochemistry
Dehydration synthesis
Hydrolysis
Functions of Carbohydrates
Elements of Carbohydrates
- Anabolic... - Buildup process... - Creates new bonds... - Gives of H…
- Catabolic... - Breakdown Process... - Breaks Bonds... - Requires H2O…
- Provide energy and regulate blood Glucose... - Spare the usage…
Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen
Dehydration synthesis
- Anabolic... - Buildup process... - Creates new bonds... - Gives of H…
Hydrolysis
- Catabolic... - Breakdown Process... - Breaks Bonds... - Requires H2O…
33 terms
Honors Biology- Unit 2
Daughter Cells
Importance of the Cell Cycle (Mitosis)
Autosomes
Sex Chromosomes
aka two identical cells
Renews cells that die
44 out of 46 pairs of chromosomes. Homologous, each member in…
Last two pairs of chromosomes. Labeled X or Y. Not necessaril…
Daughter Cells
aka two identical cells
Importance of the Cell Cycle (Mitosis)
Renews cells that die
177 terms
Honors Biology Semester 2 Vocabulary
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a dividing eukar…
The process that distributes a copy of each chromosome to eac…
The stage in mitosis during which replicated strands of chrom…
The stage in mitosis and meiosis in which chromosomes move to…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a dividing eukar…
Mitosis
The process that distributes a copy of each chromosome to eac…
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