Study sets matching "honors biology 2"

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Study sets matching "honors biology 2"

20 terms
Honors Biology 7.2
chromatin
chromosome
nucleolus
nuclear envelope
granular material visible within the nucleus; consists of DNA…
distinct, threadlike structures containing the genetic inform…
controls most cells processes and contains the hereditary inf…
double-membrane layer that surrounds the nucleus of a cell
chromatin
granular material visible within the nucleus; consists of DNA…
chromosome
distinct, threadlike structures containing the genetic inform…
Honors Biology 2.3
Organic Chemistry
4
Chains and rings
Carbon
The study of compounds with bonds between carbon atoms
Carbon atoms have ________ valence electrons, allowing them t…
One carbon atom can bond to another to form _______ and _____…
_________ can form millions of different large and complex st…
Organic Chemistry
The study of compounds with bonds between carbon atoms
4
Carbon atoms have ________ valence electrons, allowing them t…
23 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2
elements
atom
nucleus
nucleus
substances that cannot be broken down chemically into simpler…
the simplest particle of an element that retains all of the p…
the central region of an atom that makes up the bulk of the m…
contains protons and neutrons
elements
substances that cannot be broken down chemically into simpler…
atom
the simplest particle of an element that retains all of the p…
60 terms
Honors Biology Unit 2 Biochemistry
Dehydration synthesis
Hydrolysis
Functions of Carbohydrates
Elements of Carbohydrates
- Anabolic... - Buildup process... - Creates new bonds... - Gives of H…
- Catabolic... - Breakdown Process... - Breaks Bonds... - Requires H2O…
- Provide energy and regulate blood Glucose... - Spare the usage…
Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen
Dehydration synthesis
- Anabolic... - Buildup process... - Creates new bonds... - Gives of H…
Hydrolysis
- Catabolic... - Breakdown Process... - Breaks Bonds... - Requires H2O…
20 terms
Honors Biology Vocab 2
fluid mosaic model
concentration gradient
diffusion
facilitated transport
a model of the structure of the plasma membrane as a mosaic o…
an area of high concentration across from an area of low conc…
a passive process of transport of low-molecular weight materi…
a process by which material moves down a concentration gradie…
fluid mosaic model
a model of the structure of the plasma membrane as a mosaic o…
concentration gradient
an area of high concentration across from an area of low conc…
11 terms
Honors Biology 9.2
Incomplete Dominance
Codominance
Sickle cells
Multi alleles
2 homo offspring mix color
2 hetero offspring share color
Sickled cells cannot transport oxygen right clog vessels
Traits determined by more than 2 alleles
Incomplete Dominance
2 homo offspring mix color
Codominance
2 hetero offspring share color
42 terms
Biology Honors Ch. 2
atom
Proton
Neutron
Electron
smallest basic unit of matter
positive charge, found in nucleus
neutral/no charge, found in nucleus
negative charge, outside nucleus
atom
smallest basic unit of matter
Proton
positive charge, found in nucleus
15 terms
Biology honors vocab 2
En-, endo-
Exo
Eu-
Hyper-
Inside, within
Outside
True
Over or above
En-, endo-
Inside, within
Exo
Outside
Honors Biology Unit 2: Ecology
Population Ecology
Population
Population Density
Dispersion Pattern
The study of populations in relation to the environment, incl…
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
Number of individuals of a species per unit area
the way individuals are spaced within their area
Population Ecology
The study of populations in relation to the environment, incl…
Population
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
23 terms
Honors Biology 12.2
Recessive disorder
Carrier
Cystic fibrosis
Albinism
Disorder with aa
Hetero, Aa doesn't express trait
Recessive, mucus clogs pancreas
Recessive, no melanin production
Recessive disorder
Disorder with aa
Carrier
Hetero, Aa doesn't express trait
biology honors 2
carbohydrate
structure
function
lipid
a group of compounds made of sugars
an arrangement of parts to form something
to serve a purpose
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
carbohydrate
a group of compounds made of sugars
structure
an arrangement of parts to form something
36 terms
Honors Biology Ch. 2
chemistry
matter
atom
proton
the study of matter
anything that has volume and mass
the fundamental building a block of matter
positive, nucleus, heavy
chemistry
the study of matter
matter
anything that has volume and mass
Biology Honors Vocab 2
Organelle
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
Mitochondria
Any of a number of organized or specialized structures within…
A microscopic single-celled organism that has neither a disti…
An organism consisting of a cell or cells in which the geneti…
An organelle found in large numbers in most cells, in which t…
Organelle
Any of a number of organized or specialized structures within…
Prokaryote
A microscopic single-celled organism that has neither a disti…
Honors Biology Vocab (2)
Homeostasis
Nucleic acid
Enzyme
Amino acids
An organisms ability to regulate its internal environment so…
The molecule that contains the genetic information
Proteins that speed up the rate of a reactions by lowering th…
Building blocks (monomers) or proteins
Homeostasis
An organisms ability to regulate its internal environment so…
Nucleic acid
The molecule that contains the genetic information
22 terms
Honors Biology 2
Matter
Element
Isotope
Polarity
Anything that occupies space and had mass.
Cannot be broken down into other substances (excluding nuclea…
Elements that have the same numbers of protons and electrons…
A molecule with an unequal distribution of charge.
Matter
Anything that occupies space and had mass.
Element
Cannot be broken down into other substances (excluding nuclea…
Honors Biology Vocab. 2
Light microscope
Magnification
Resolution
Electron microscope
Most common microscope. In large objects and provide like con…
How much larger an object is compared to its real size
smallest distance between two objects such that the two objec…
nounPHYSICS... a microscope with high magnification and resoluti…
Light microscope
Most common microscope. In large objects and provide like con…
Magnification
How much larger an object is compared to its real size
10 terms
Honors Biology 10.2
Semi conservative replication
DNA helicase
Ssb
RNA primase
S phase, parental strand unzips
... enzyme unzips strand
... coats and prevents dna from rejoining
... adds rna strand for polymerase to copy
Semi conservative replication
S phase, parental strand unzips
DNA helicase
... enzyme unzips strand
Biology Honors (Set #2)
Homeostasis
Nucleic Acid
Enzyme
Amino Acids
organism's ability to regulate it's internal environment as t…
molecule that contains the genetic information
proteins that speed up the rate of reactions by lowering the…
building blocks (monomers) of proteins
Homeostasis
organism's ability to regulate it's internal environment as t…
Nucleic Acid
molecule that contains the genetic information
42 terms
Honors Biology Vocab 2
Adhesion
Base
Element
Hydrogen Bond
When a water molecule can attract to other molecules.
A compound that removes Hydrogen ions from a solution.
A substance made up of the same kind of atom that can't be br…
The weak attraction between opposite ends of water molecules.
Adhesion
When a water molecule can attract to other molecules.
Base
A compound that removes Hydrogen ions from a solution.
21 terms
Honors Biology 11.2
Recessive Disorders
Carrier
Cystic Fibrosis
Albinism
Trait is only expressed when the individual is homozygous rec…
An individual who is heterozygous for a trait // they carry,…
Mucus clogs the lungs and pancreas // can live to early child…
Melanin pigment not created in eyes or skin // UV damage and…
Recessive Disorders
Trait is only expressed when the individual is homozygous rec…
Carrier
An individual who is heterozygous for a trait // they carry,…
39 terms
Honors Biology Ch. 2
matter
element
trace elements
compound
anything that takes up space and has mass
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
essential, but only in small quantities
a substance containing two or more elements in a fixed ratio
matter
anything that takes up space and has mass
element
a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
27 terms
Biology Honors 2.1
Atom
protons, neutrons, and electrons
Protons and neutrons
Electrons
smallest basic unit of mater
Atom consist of three types of smaller particles:
form the dense center of an atom- the atomic nucleus
are much smaller particles outside of the nucleus
Atom
smallest basic unit of mater
protons, neutrons, and electrons
Atom consist of three types of smaller particles:
Quiz #2 Honors Biology
cholestrol surronded by high density l…
Cholesterol, estradiol, and testostorone
a lipid that contains a 4 ring structure
make up cell membranes
What is HDL?
What are some examples of steroids?
What are steroids?
what are phospholipids?
cholestrol surronded by high density l…
What is HDL?
Cholesterol, estradiol, and testostorone
What are some examples of steroids?
13 terms
Honors Biology 9.2
Incomplete Dominance
Codominance
Sickle-cell Disease
Multiple alleles
the heterozygous phenotype is an intermediate phenotype betwe…
both alleles present in the heterozygous phenotype are expres…
a disease of the blood cells that adopt a sickle shape // the…
traits are determined by more than two alleles
Incomplete Dominance
the heterozygous phenotype is an intermediate phenotype betwe…
Codominance
both alleles present in the heterozygous phenotype are expres…
30 terms
Biology Honors Semester 2
xxy
xxx
trisomy 18
trisomy 13
Klinefelters syndrome
triple x syndrome
edwards syndrome
patau
xxy
Klinefelters syndrome
xxx
triple x syndrome
Honors Biology 2.3
Polar
Hydrogen Bond
Cohesion
Surface Tension
Uneven distribution of charge, water is called a _____ compou…
The force of attraction between a hydrogen molecule with a pa…
An attractive force that holds molecules of a single substanc…
The cohesive forces in water resulting from hydrogen bonds ca…
Polar
Uneven distribution of charge, water is called a _____ compou…
Hydrogen Bond
The force of attraction between a hydrogen molecule with a pa…
74 terms
Honors Biology Ch. 2
Atoms
Atoms
Element
Protons
Living things consist of _______ of diffient elements
The smallest basic unit of matter; consists of protons, neutr…
A particular type of atom that can't be broken down further b…
Determine the characteristic of the element
Atoms
Living things consist of _______ of diffient elements
Atoms
The smallest basic unit of matter; consists of protons, neutr…
Honors Biology Test #2
Simple/Compound
Light/Electron
Binocular/Stereoscope
SEM/TEM
Simple: One lens... Compound: More than two Lens
Light: A lamp for magnification... Electron: Electrons for magni…
Both: The same (synonyms)
SEM: ... Scans... Gives 2D... Surface... TEM: ... Trasmission... Gives 3D... Goes…
Simple/Compound
Simple: One lens... Compound: More than two Lens
Light/Electron
Light: A lamp for magnification... Electron: Electrons for magni…
18 terms
Honors Biology 8.2 Vocabulary
formula for sa
formula for volume
Sa:v calculation and meaning
processes accomplished w/ cell reprodu…
l x w x #ofsides
l x w x h
v grows faster than sa
new cells, sa:v issue
formula for sa
l x w x #ofsides
formula for volume
l x w x h
14 terms
Winter Honors Biology 2
DNA
mRNA
Nucleic Acid
Nucleotide
A nucleic acid that carries the genetic information in the ce…
A long, usually single-stranded, chain of alternating phospha…
Any of a group of long, linear macromolecules, either DNA or…
Any of a group of molecules that, when linked together, form…
DNA
A nucleic acid that carries the genetic information in the ce…
mRNA
A long, usually single-stranded, chain of alternating phospha…
7 terms
Honors Biology 11.2
incomplete dominance
codominance
multiple alleles
epistasis
no dominant allele exist
two dominant alleles are expresses at the same time
traits controlled by more than two alleles
the allele of one gene hides the effect of an allele of anoth…
incomplete dominance
no dominant allele exist
codominance
two dominant alleles are expresses at the same time
Honors Biology: Unit 2 Macromolecules
Polar molecule
Hydrogen bond
Hydrophobic
Hydrophilic
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
A weak bond formed by the attraction of slightly positive and…
"Fear of Water" A molecule that will not mix with water.
"Love of Water" A molecule that will mix with water.
Polar molecule
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
Hydrogen bond
A weak bond formed by the attraction of slightly positive and…
177 terms
Honors Biology Semester 2 Vocabulary
Cell Cycle
Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a dividing eukar…
The process that distributes a copy of each chromosome to eac…
The stage in mitosis during which replicated strands of chrom…
The stage in mitosis and meiosis in which chromosomes move to…
Cell Cycle
An ordered sequence of events in the life of a dividing eukar…
Mitosis
The process that distributes a copy of each chromosome to eac…
143 terms
Biology Honors Unit 2
Life
Cellular Organization
Simplest Organisms
Complex Organisms
Defined by a group of characteristics
molecules, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organism
one-celled (unicellular)
multi-celled with differentiation (cell specialization)
Life
Defined by a group of characteristics
Cellular Organization
molecules, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organism
Honors biology vocab 2
cell
cell theory
prokaryote
eukaryote
basic unit of all forms of life
biological concept that all living things are composed of cells
unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus
organism whose cells contains a nucleus
cell
basic unit of all forms of life
cell theory
biological concept that all living things are composed of cells
9 terms
Honors Biology 12.2
DNA replication
semiconservative replication
DNA helicase
DNA polymerase
process of making a copy of DNA
parental strands of DNA separate and serve as templates for n…
unwind the double helix
move along each DNA strand
DNA replication
process of making a copy of DNA
semiconservative replication
parental strands of DNA separate and serve as templates for n…
Honors Biology: Quiz #2
Element
Compound
Isotope
Bohr Model
A substance thats made of only ONE type of atom
A substance made of TWO or more elements
Same kind of atom having different number of neutrons, thus d…
1st ring: 2 electrons 2nd: 8 electrons 3rd: 8 electrons
Element
A substance thats made of only ONE type of atom
Compound
A substance made of TWO or more elements
honors biology pt. 2
science
7 steps of the scientific method
observation
hypothesis
observes the world objectively and systematically
1. observation ... 2. hypothesis... 3. prediction... 4. test predictio…
always the first step of scientific method and should generat…
"educated" answer to your question
science
observes the world objectively and systematically
7 steps of the scientific method
1. observation ... 2. hypothesis... 3. prediction... 4. test predictio…
129 terms
Biology (2-3; Honors)
system
root system
shoot system
organ
a group of structures designed to function together as a unit…
the part of the plant that is ordinarily underground, anchori…
the part of the plant that is usually found above ground, hol…
a structure within a system that has a definite form and perf…
system
a group of structures designed to function together as a unit…
root system
the part of the plant that is ordinarily underground, anchori…
10 terms
Honors Biology 10.2
Semiconservative Replication
DNA Helicase
Single-Strand Binding Proteins (SSBs)
RNA Primase
Occurs during the "S" phase of interphase... Parental strand is…
Enzyme responsible for unwinding and unzipping the double helix
Proteins that keep the two single DNA strands separate from e…
Adds a short RNA strand that acts like a primer, allowing DNA…
Semiconservative Replication
Occurs during the "S" phase of interphase... Parental strand is…
DNA Helicase
Enzyme responsible for unwinding and unzipping the double helix
Biology Honors Study Set #2
Observation
Inference
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Involves the act of noticing and describing events or process…
A logical interpretation based on what scientists already know.
The variable that is changed in an experiment.
The variable that changes in response to the independent vari…
Observation
Involves the act of noticing and describing events or process…
Inference
A logical interpretation based on what scientists already know.
Honors Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Elements
Atom
Periodic table of elements
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Pure substances that cannot be broken down into simpler subst…
Smallest unit of an element.
An arrangement of the elements according to the structure of…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Elements
Pure substances that cannot be broken down into simpler subst…
12 terms
Honors biology 9.2
Semiconservative Replication
Helicase
Replication Fork
DNA Polymerase
the method used to replicate DNA in which the double-stranded…
an enzyme that helps to open up the DNA helix during DNA repl…
the Y-shaped structure formed during the initiation of replic…
an enzyme that synthesizes a new strand of DNA complementary…
Semiconservative Replication
the method used to replicate DNA in which the double-stranded…
Helicase
an enzyme that helps to open up the DNA helix during DNA repl…
74 terms
Honors Biology Set #2
centi-
centr-
cephal-
cerat-
hundredth
center
head
horn
centi-
hundredth
centr-
center
Honors Biology, Chapter 2
_____ speed up a reaction by reducing…
_____ are protein catalysts
Is water polar or non-polar?
_____ means the electrons spend more t…
catalysts
enzymes
polar
polarity
_____ speed up a reaction by reducing…
catalysts
_____ are protein catalysts
enzymes
21 terms
Biology 2 Honors: Bacteria
Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya. The ki…
Mitochondria and Chloroplasts.
It refers to one species living with a…
Methanogens- live in anaerobic environ…
Name the three domains and the kingdom(s) for each.
What are the two oraganelles involved in the endosymbiosis?
Explain the theory behind endosymbiosis.
Name and describe the three groups of Archaebacteria.
Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya. The ki…
Name the three domains and the kingdom(s) for each.
Mitochondria and Chloroplasts.
What are the two oraganelles involved in the endosymbiosis?
Honors Biology Chapter 2
carbohydrate
lipid
protein
carbohydrate
Classify as a carbohydrate, protein, or lipid: Disaccharide
Classify as a carb, protein, or lipid: Long Term Energy Storage
Classify as a carb, protein, or lipid: Contains C, H, O, and N
Classify as a carb, protein, or lipid: Cellulose
carbohydrate
Classify as a carbohydrate, protein, or lipid: Disaccharide
lipid
Classify as a carb, protein, or lipid: Long Term Energy Storage
102 terms
Biology Honors S2 Final
Limnology
Green Lake Project
Lotic
Lentic
The study of inland aquatic ecosystems
A study conducted by our class on the limnology of Green Lake
Water is flowing (ex. River)
Water is standing (ex. Lake)
Limnology
The study of inland aquatic ecosystems
Green Lake Project
A study conducted by our class on the limnology of Green Lake
68 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2
matter
element
atom
nucleus
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
The basic unit of a chemical element.
Center of an atom
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
element
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
30 terms
Honors Biology Assessment 2
Classification of Organisms ... (Biggest…
More similar
Domain
Kingdoms
Domain... Kingdom... Phylum... Class... Order... Family... Genus... Species
the smaller you go
archae - archaebacteria... bacteria - eubacteria... eukarya - proti…
archaebacteria, eubacteria, protists, fungi, plants, animals
Classification of Organisms ... (Biggest…
Domain... Kingdom... Phylum... Class... Order... Family... Genus... Species
More similar
the smaller you go
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