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Study sets matching "honors biology 4"

38 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
light microscope
cell theory
electron microscope
scanning electron microscope
microscope that uses a beam of light passing through one or m…
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
microscope that forms an image by focusing beams of electrons…
A microscope that uses an electron beam to study the surface…
light microscope
microscope that uses a beam of light passing through one or m…
cell theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Honors Biology - Ch 4
Light microscope
Micrograph
Magnification
Resolving power
an optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
A photograph taken through a microscope.
an increase in the apparent size of an object.
a measure of the clarity of an image; the ability of an optic…
Light microscope
an optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
Micrograph
A photograph taken through a microscope.
63 terms
Honors Biology Chapters 4
cell
cell theory
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
basic unit of structure AND function in every living thing
1) all living organisms are made up of cells... 2) cells are the…
English 1600s (Inspired Microscopic Observations) ... First to r…
Dutch 1600s (Inspired Microscopic Observations)... first to revi…
cell
basic unit of structure AND function in every living thing
cell theory
1) all living organisms are made up of cells... 2) cells are the…
28 terms
Honors Biology Ch. 4
Microscopy
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwehhoek
Robert Brown
the study of things using a microscope
1665... First to recognize cells when studying cork using a comp…
1674... Netherlands... Textile merchant who created a microscope to…
Brownian Motion... When objects move under a microscope bc of k…
Microscopy
the study of things using a microscope
Robert Hooke
1665... First to recognize cells when studying cork using a comp…
36 terms
Honors biology Capter 4
Weather
Climate
Microclimates
Solar energy being trapped (it's a tra…
The day-to-day condition of Earth's atmosphere.
Refers to average conditions over a long period of time. A re…
Environmental conditions can vary over small distances.
Global climate factors include these.
Weather
The day-to-day condition of Earth's atmosphere.
Climate
Refers to average conditions over a long period of time. A re…
29 terms
Honors Biology Unit 4
Humans have...
Alleles
Sexual Production
Asexual Production
46 chromosomes (23 homologous chromosomes)
Different forms of a gene(2 for each trait, one from each par…
Production of offspring through meiosis and the union of a sp…
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Humans have...
46 chromosomes (23 homologous chromosomes)
Alleles
Different forms of a gene(2 for each trait, one from each par…
47 terms
Honors Biology Assessment 4
passive transport
osmosis
things that affect osmosis
facilitated transport
the movement of molecules thru a membrane without an energy s…
the movement of water thru a membrane from areas of high conc…
gradient slope, mass of molecules, temperature, density of so…
movement of a molecule thru a membrane with the help of anoth…
passive transport
the movement of molecules thru a membrane without an energy s…
osmosis
the movement of water thru a membrane from areas of high conc…
45 terms
Chapter 4 Biology Honors
Types of Microscopes
Cells surface area
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic cells
- Light microscope (LM) ... - Transmission electron microscope (…
is important for carrying out the cell's functions, such as a…
Bacteria and Archaea. Have no distinct nucleus and no true or…
Animals, plants, fungi, protozoa, and algae. Have a membrane-…
Types of Microscopes
- Light microscope (LM) ... - Transmission electron microscope (…
Cells surface area
is important for carrying out the cell's functions, such as a…
20 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
Cell wall
Cilia
Flagella
Plasma Membrane/Cell Membrane
protects and supports the cell
move the cell through fluid or move fluid past the cell surface
move the cell through the fluid
isolates the cell contents from the environment; regulates mo…
Cell wall
protects and supports the cell
Cilia
move the cell through fluid or move fluid past the cell surface
39 terms
Honors Biology Unit 4
Micrograph
LM,EM,SEM, & TEM
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
A photograph taken through a microscope.
Types of Microscopes
Small, simple, no nucleus, no membrane-bound organelles, sing…
Contain a nucleus and other organelles that are bound by memb…
Micrograph
A photograph taken through a microscope.
LM,EM,SEM, & TEM
Types of Microscopes
65 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
Cells
Cell
Robert Hooke
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
all living things are made up of one or more
is the smallest unit that can carry on all the processes of l…
discovered cells in slices of corks... named them after "cells"…
the first to observe livings cells in microorganisms... created…
Cells
all living things are made up of one or more
Cell
is the smallest unit that can carry on all the processes of l…
11 terms
chapter 4 honors biology
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
a lower energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
a process by which some organisms use chemical energy instead…
a process that captures energy from sunlight to make sugars t…
ATP
a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
ADP
a lower energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
45 terms
Chapter 4 Biology Honors
Types of Microscopes
Electron Microscope (EM)
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic cells
- Light microscope (LM) ... - Transmission electron microscope (…
very powerful microscope to view the ultrastructure of the ce…
Bacteria and Archaea. Have no distinct nucleus and no true or…
Animals, plants, fungi, protozoa, and algae. Have a membrane-…
Types of Microscopes
- Light microscope (LM) ... - Transmission electron microscope (…
Electron Microscope (EM)
very powerful microscope to view the ultrastructure of the ce…
54 terms
Honors Biology Ch. 4
Light microscope
Electron Microscope
Scanning electron microscope
Transmission electron microscope
beam of light, focused with a lense, specimen can be alive, $…
beam of electrons, focused with a magnet, organism must be de…
Used to study the surface details of a cell or other specimens
Used to study the details of internal cell structure
Light microscope
beam of light, focused with a lense, specimen can be alive, $…
Electron Microscope
beam of electrons, focused with a magnet, organism must be de…
4.2 Honors Biology
Two Types of Cells
Prokaryotic
Eukaryotic
Plasma membrane
Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic
-Bacteria and Archae... -An organism whose cells do not have an…
A cell characterized by the presence of a nucleus and other m…
cells are bounded by a selective barrier called
Two Types of Cells
Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic
Prokaryotic
-Bacteria and Archae... -An organism whose cells do not have an…
36 terms
Biology Honors Unit 4: DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Nucleotide
Griffith
Watson and Crick
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
Scientist that showed a "transforming factor" can be passed f…
The scientists credited with establishing the structure of DNA.
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
Nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
42 terms
chapter 4 for biology honors
cell theory
Robert hook
Anton von leeuwenhoek
Matthias scheiden
1. cells are basic building blocks of organisms ... 2.cells are…
put a cork under the microscope... named the cell
created the first microscope... first microbiologist
said all plants are made of cells
cell theory
1. cells are basic building blocks of organisms ... 2.cells are…
Robert hook
put a cork under the microscope... named the cell
51 terms
Chapter 4 Biology Honors
Robert Hooke
Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek
Cells on the Move
Types of Microscopes
in 1665 established the cell theory, "that is, all living thi…
later described cells that could move (animalcules). He viewe…
not all cells move. However, the cellular parts are actively…
- Light microscope (LM) ... - Transmission electron microscope (…
Robert Hooke
in 1665 established the cell theory, "that is, all living thi…
Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek
later described cells that could move (animalcules). He viewe…
97 terms
Honors Biology : Chapter 4
organic compound
inorganic compound
organic chemistry
hydrocarbons
contains C and H and sometimes O and N ; in nature they are f…
do not contain C and H ; no stored energy which includes: H2O…
the chemistry of carbon compounds frequently found in living…
C and H compound ; besides sharing e with other C and H, they…
organic compound
contains C and H and sometimes O and N ; in nature they are f…
inorganic compound
do not contain C and H ; no stored energy which includes: H2O…
53 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
Life Processes of the cell
Ability to cause matter to move or cha…
Energy conversion
Energy of motion
1. Growth... 2.Reproduction... 3.Movement... 4.Transportation
Energy
mechanical energy/heat
Kinetic energy
Life Processes of the cell
1. Growth... 2.Reproduction... 3.Movement... 4.Transportation
Ability to cause matter to move or cha…
Energy
14 terms
Honors Biology Ch. 4
nucleus
nucleolus
rough endoplasmic reticulum
RIBOSOME
...
...
...
...
nucleus
...
nucleolus
...
11 terms
Biology 1 honors Vocab 4
Cell
Nucleus
Eukaryote
Prokaryote
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
the central and most important part of an object, movement, o…
an organism consisting of a cell or cells in which the geneti…
a microscopic single-celled organism that has neither a disti…
Cell
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
Nucleus
the central and most important part of an object, movement, o…
45 terms
Chapter 4 Biology Honors
Types of Microscopes
Cells surface area
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic cells
- Light microscope (LM) ... - Transmission electron microscope (…
is important for carrying out the cell's functions, such as a…
Bacteria and Archaea. Have no distinct nucleus and no true or…
Animals, plants, fungi, protozoa, and algae. Have a membrane-…
Types of Microscopes
- Light microscope (LM) ... - Transmission electron microscope (…
Cells surface area
is important for carrying out the cell's functions, such as a…
10 terms
Honors Biology 4.4
3 things that plant cells have
cell wall
central vacuole
plastids
cell wall, large central vaculole
rigid layer that lies outside the cell's plasma membrane
a large fluid filled organelle that stores water, enzymes, wa…
organelles are surrounded by a double membrane and contain th…
3 things that plant cells have
cell wall, large central vaculole
cell wall
rigid layer that lies outside the cell's plasma membrane
42 terms
Biology 2 Honors: Test #4
Microscope
Cell Theory
Light Microscope
Electron Microscope
Invented by Lauwenhook... Using a microscope, Robert Hook, disco…
All living the things are made of cells
Enables us to see the overall shape & structure of a cell
They use beam of electrons instead of light... The greater resol…
Microscope
Invented by Lauwenhook... Using a microscope, Robert Hook, disco…
Cell Theory
All living the things are made of cells
24 terms
Honors Biology 4.4
genes
nuclear envelope
chromatin
chromosome
a portion of DNA that has the instructions for making a polyp…
a double membrane with pores, inside the nucleus
DNA found in loose, uncoiled form
DNA found in a tightly coiled fashion, happens when cell is a…
genes
a portion of DNA that has the instructions for making a polyp…
nuclear envelope
a double membrane with pores, inside the nucleus
20 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
Cell wall
Cilia
Flagella
Plasma Membrane/Cell Membrane
protects and supports the cell
move the cell through fluid or move fluid past the cell surface
move the cell through the fluid
isolates the cell contents from the environment; regulates mo…
Cell wall
protects and supports the cell
Cilia
move the cell through fluid or move fluid past the cell surface
14 terms
Biology Honors Unit 4
Active Transport
Contractile Vacuole
Diffusion
Endocytosis
Energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell me…
The cell structure that collects extra water from the cytopla…
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
A process in which a cell engulfs extracellular material thro…
Active Transport
Energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell me…
Contractile Vacuole
The cell structure that collects extra water from the cytopla…
100 terms
Biology Honors: Unit 4
1928, Griffith
Vaccine
Smooth strain
Rough Strain
In ____, ___ was trying to prepare a vaccine against strep pn…
A substance made up of weaken or dead organisms that is used…
Contained a capsule that protects the organism
Lacked the capsule
1928, Griffith
In ____, ___ was trying to prepare a vaccine against strep pn…
Vaccine
A substance made up of weaken or dead organisms that is used…
69 terms
Biology Honors: Unit 4
1928, Griffith
Vaccine
Smooth strain
Rough Strain
In ____, ___ was trying to prepare a vaccine against strep pn…
A substance made up of weaken or dead organisms that is used…
Contained a capsule that protects the organism
Lacked the capsule
1928, Griffith
In ____, ___ was trying to prepare a vaccine against strep pn…
Vaccine
A substance made up of weaken or dead organisms that is used…
10 terms
Biology Honors (Set #4)
Osmosis
Active Transport
Diffusion
Facilitated Diffusion
passive diffusion of water from high to low concentration
uses energy (ATP) to move molecules "uphill" against a concen…
passive movement of particles from high to low concentration
passive diffusion of particles through a transport protein fr…
Osmosis
passive diffusion of water from high to low concentration
Active Transport
uses energy (ATP) to move molecules "uphill" against a concen…
18 terms
Unit 4: HONORS BIOLOGY
genetics
allele
homozygous
heterozygous
science of heredity.
alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
organism with two of the same alleles for a specific trait.
organism with two different alleles for a specific trait.
genetics
science of heredity.
allele
alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
37 terms
Honors biology chapter 4
autotroph
heterotroph
ATP
ADP
An organism that makes its own food
An organism that depends on other organisms for food
a compound that serves as a temporary energy storage molecule…
the molecule that is produced when ATP is split to yield energy
autotroph
An organism that makes its own food
heterotroph
An organism that depends on other organisms for food
9 terms
biology honors 4
protien
reactant
product
activation energy
a class of nutients that builds body tissues and supplies ene…
Something that reacts; a substance that undergoes a change in…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
protien
a class of nutients that builds body tissues and supplies ene…
reactant
Something that reacts; a substance that undergoes a change in…
101 terms
Biology Honors Term 4
What are somatic cells?
What are gamete cells?
What's a diploid?
What's a haploid?
Somatic cells are for example body and brain cells.
Gamete cells are sex cells.
Full set of chromosomes.
Half a set of chromosomes.
What are somatic cells?
Somatic cells are for example body and brain cells.
What are gamete cells?
Gamete cells are sex cells.
21 terms
Biology Honors 6.4
Straight Chain Molecule
Branched Molecules
Ring Molecules
Macromolecules (Polymers)
Carbon atom compounds in a straight line
Carbon atom compounds with connected but scattered atoms
Carbon atom compounds shaped in a ring
Large molecules formed by the joining of smaller molecules
Straight Chain Molecule
Carbon atom compounds in a straight line
Branched Molecules
Carbon atom compounds with connected but scattered atoms
102 terms
Q4 honors biology
Bowman's capsule
Excretion
Filtrate
Filtration
Surrounds Glomerulus; cup-shaped; filtrate flows into it
Disposal or removal of metabolic wastes
Filtered water, dissolved solutes, and urea
Extraction of filtrate from the blood using nephrons
Bowman's capsule
Surrounds Glomerulus; cup-shaped; filtrate flows into it
Excretion
Disposal or removal of metabolic wastes
33 terms
Honors Biology 4
Magnification
Resolution
Simple microscope
Compound microscope
Increase in the apparent size of an object
A measure of the clarity of an image
One lens only
Two lenses
Magnification
Increase in the apparent size of an object
Resolution
A measure of the clarity of an image
304 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
a group of cells organized to form a f…
3
ground tissue, vascular tissue, dermal…
in the leaves, stems, and roots of pla…
What is a tissue?
How many tissue systems do plants have?
What are the tissue systems of plants?
All three tissues can be found where?
a group of cells organized to form a f…
What is a tissue?
3
How many tissue systems do plants have?
10 terms
Honors biology vocab (4)
Osmosis
Active transport
Diffusion
Facilitated diffusion
The passive diffusion of wayer from high to low conventration
Uses energy (ATP) to move molecules "uphill" against a concen…
The passive transport of particles from high to low concentra…
Passive diffusion of particles through a transport protein fr…
Osmosis
The passive diffusion of wayer from high to low conventration
Active transport
Uses energy (ATP) to move molecules "uphill" against a concen…
31 terms
Honors Biology Terms 4
Diffusion
Simple Diffusion
Facilitated Diffusion
Hypertonic
the process by which solutes move from an area of higher conc…
solutes diffuse through the phospholipid bilayer of the cell…
diffusion of specific molecules through a cell membrane but t…
has a higher solute concentration
Diffusion
the process by which solutes move from an area of higher conc…
Simple Diffusion
solutes diffuse through the phospholipid bilayer of the cell…
42 terms
Unit 4 Biology Honors
Chlorophyll
Oxygen
Potential Energy
An open area thylakoids are stacked in
What absorbs sunlight?
What is the byproduct of photosynthesis?
Energy available for the cell to use
What is the stroma?
Chlorophyll
What absorbs sunlight?
Oxygen
What is the byproduct of photosynthesis?
97 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 4
Characteristics of a Light Microscope
What can a Light Microscope do that an…
What is the purpose of the objective l…
Electron Microscopes are powered by...
Visible light rays, with multiple lenses. Magnifies up to 1000x
View live specimens
It magnifies.
beams of electrons
Characteristics of a Light Microscope
Visible light rays, with multiple lenses. Magnifies up to 1000x
What can a Light Microscope do that an…
View live specimens
30 terms
honors biology: chapters 4
hypertonic
hypotonic
isotonic
active transport
-more solute than the cell... -cell gets smaller (dehydrated, sh…
-less solute than the cell... -cell gets bigger (may burst)... -cyt…
-solute is equal to that of the cell
-cell does expend energy... -direction of transport UP THE CONCE…
hypertonic
-more solute than the cell... -cell gets smaller (dehydrated, sh…
hypotonic
-less solute than the cell... -cell gets bigger (may burst)... -cyt…
72 terms
Honors Biology Topic 4
cell theory
cyclosis
light microscope
electron microscope
All living things are made of cells, all cells come from pree…
the movement of chloroplasts inside of plant cells
light passes through a specimen then through glass lenses int…
used to view the ultrastructure of cells; can resolve biologi…
cell theory
All living things are made of cells, all cells come from pree…
cyclosis
the movement of chloroplasts inside of plant cells
78 terms
Honors Biology Set #4
iso-
-ist
-itis
-ium
equal, same
person who deals with
inflammation, disease
refers to a part of the body
iso-
equal, same
-ist
person who deals with
56 terms
Honors Biology Stems #4
hipp-
hist-
holo-
homo-
horse
tissue
entire; whole
man
hipp-
horse
hist-
tissue
Prefix/Suffix 4 - Honors Biology
post-
pro-
pseud-
psych-
after
before
false
mind
post-
after
pro-
before
8 terms
Honors Biology quiz #4
modification that makes an animal suit…
it allows organisms to survive a chang…
changes in fur coat with seasons
it could eventually create a new species
what is adaptation
what does adaptation over a short period of time allow?
what is an example of adaptation over a short period of time
what does adaptation over a long period of time in organisms…
modification that makes an animal suit…
what is adaptation
it allows organisms to survive a chang…
what does adaptation over a short period of time allow?
13 terms
Honors biology 4 test
Population growth
Linear growth
exponential growth
Infinitely
An increase in the size of a population over a period time
Populations do not grow in this way (hourly wage)
Populations typically grow in this way
A population can't grow _________
Population growth
An increase in the size of a population over a period time
Linear growth
Populations do not grow in this way (hourly wage)
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