Study sets matching "honors biology 4"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "honors biology 4"

38 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
light microscope
cell theory
electron microscope
scanning electron microscope
microscope that uses a beam of light passing through one or m…
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
microscope that forms an image by focusing beams of electrons…
A microscope that uses an electron beam to study the surface…
light microscope
microscope that uses a beam of light passing through one or m…
cell theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
Honors Biology - Ch 4
Light microscope
Micrograph
Magnification
Resolving power
an optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
A photograph taken through a microscope.
an increase in the apparent size of an object.
a measure of the clarity of an image; the ability of an optic…
Light microscope
an optical instrument with lenses that refract (bend) visible…
Micrograph
A photograph taken through a microscope.
36 terms
Honors biology Capter 4
Weather
Climate
Microclimates
Solar energy being trapped (it's a tra…
The day-to-day condition of Earth's atmosphere.
Refers to average conditions over a long period of time. A re…
Environmental conditions can vary over small distances.
Global climate factors include these.
Weather
The day-to-day condition of Earth's atmosphere.
Climate
Refers to average conditions over a long period of time. A re…
46 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
light microscope
micrograph
cell theory
electron microscope
scientific instrument used to magnify an image (up to 1000x)…
a photograph taken through a microscope
developed by Anton van Leeuwenhoek... 1. all cells arise from ex…
a scientific instrument used to magnify an image (up to 100,0…
light microscope
scientific instrument used to magnify an image (up to 1000x)…
micrograph
a photograph taken through a microscope
206 terms
Biology Honors - Unit 4
Molecular biology
Bacteriophages
Nulceotides
Polynucleotide
What is the study of heredity at the molecular level?
What are viruses that only affect bacteria?
What are the monomers that make up nucleic acids?
What is a polymer of nucleotides?
Molecular biology
What is the study of heredity at the molecular level?
Bacteriophages
What are viruses that only affect bacteria?
45 terms
Chapter 4 Biology Honors
Types of Microscopes
Cells surface area
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic cells
- Light microscope (LM) ... - Transmission electron microscope (…
is important for carrying out the cell's functions, such as a…
Bacteria and Archaea. Have no distinct nucleus and no true or…
Animals, plants, fungi, protozoa, and algae. Have a membrane-…
Types of Microscopes
- Light microscope (LM) ... - Transmission electron microscope (…
Cells surface area
is important for carrying out the cell's functions, such as a…
20 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
Cell wall
Cilia
Flagella
Plasma Membrane/Cell Membrane
protects and supports the cell
move the cell through fluid or move fluid past the cell surface
move the cell through the fluid
isolates the cell contents from the environment; regulates mo…
Cell wall
protects and supports the cell
Cilia
move the cell through fluid or move fluid past the cell surface
65 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
Cells
Cell
Robert Hooke
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
all living things are made up of one or more
is the smallest unit that can carry on all the processes of l…
discovered cells in slices of corks... named them after "cells"…
the first to observe livings cells in microorganisms... created…
Cells
all living things are made up of one or more
Cell
is the smallest unit that can carry on all the processes of l…
39 terms
Honors Biology Unit 4
Micrograph
LM,EM,SEM, & TEM
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
A photograph taken through a microscope.
Types of Microscopes
Small, simple, no nucleus, no membrane-bound organelles, sing…
Contain a nucleus and other organelles that are bound by memb…
Micrograph
A photograph taken through a microscope.
LM,EM,SEM, & TEM
Types of Microscopes
chapter 4 honors biology
ATP
ADP
chemosynthesis
photosynthesis
a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
a lower energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
a process by which some organisms use chemical energy instead…
a process that captures energy from sunlight to make sugars t…
ATP
a molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food m…
ADP
a lower energy molecule that can be converted into ATP by the…
45 terms
Chapter 4 Biology Honors
Types of Microscopes
Electron Microscope (EM)
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic cells
- Light microscope (LM) ... - Transmission electron microscope (…
very powerful microscope to view the ultrastructure of the ce…
Bacteria and Archaea. Have no distinct nucleus and no true or…
Animals, plants, fungi, protozoa, and algae. Have a membrane-…
Types of Microscopes
- Light microscope (LM) ... - Transmission electron microscope (…
Electron Microscope (EM)
very powerful microscope to view the ultrastructure of the ce…
14 terms
Biology Honors Unit 4
Active Transport
Contractile Vacuole
Diffusion
Endocytosis
Energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell me…
The cell structure that collects extra water from the cytopla…
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
A process in which a cell engulfs extracellular material thro…
Active Transport
Energy-requiring process that moves material across a cell me…
Contractile Vacuole
The cell structure that collects extra water from the cytopla…
Honors Biology Ch. 4
Light microscope
Electron Microscope
Scanning electron microscope
Transmission electron microscope
beam of light, focused with a lense, specimen can be alive, $…
beam of electrons, focused with a magnet, organism must be de…
Used to study the surface details of a cell or other specimens
Used to study the details of internal cell structure
Light microscope
beam of light, focused with a lense, specimen can be alive, $…
Electron Microscope
beam of electrons, focused with a magnet, organism must be de…
48 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
Cell Theory
Cell Wall
Cellular Metabolism
Central Vacuole
The theory that all living things are comprised of cells and…
A protective layer external to the plasma membrane in plant c…
All the chemical activities of a cell.
In a plant cell, a large membranous sac with diverse roles in…
Cell Theory
The theory that all living things are comprised of cells and…
Cell Wall
A protective layer external to the plasma membrane in plant c…
7 terms
Biology honors 4
diplo
domino
dys
echinos
double
ruling
bad, abnormal
spine
diplo
double
domino
ruling
63 terms
Honors Biology Chapters 4
cell
cell theory
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
basic unit of structure AND function in every living thing
1) all living organisms are made up of cells... 2) cells are the…
English 1600s (Inspired Microscopic Observations) ... First to r…
Dutch 1600s (Inspired Microscopic Observations)... first to revi…
cell
basic unit of structure AND function in every living thing
cell theory
1) all living organisms are made up of cells... 2) cells are the…
36 terms
Biology Honors Unit 4: DNA
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
Nucleotide
Griffith
Watson and Crick
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
Scientist that showed a "transforming factor" can be passed f…
The scientists credited with establishing the structure of DNA.
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)
A complex molecule containing the genetic information that ma…
Nucleotide
A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar co…
chapter 4 for biology honors
cell theory
Robert hook
Anton von leeuwenhoek
Matthias scheiden
1. cells are basic building blocks of organisms ... 2.cells are…
put a cork under the microscope... named the cell
created the first microscope... first microbiologist
said all plants are made of cells
cell theory
1. cells are basic building blocks of organisms ... 2.cells are…
Robert hook
put a cork under the microscope... named the cell
51 terms
Chapter 4 Biology Honors
Robert Hooke
Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek
Cells on the Move
Types of Microscopes
in 1665 established the cell theory, "that is, all living thi…
later described cells that could move (animalcules). He viewe…
not all cells move. However, the cellular parts are actively…
- Light microscope (LM) ... - Transmission electron microscope (…
Robert Hooke
in 1665 established the cell theory, "that is, all living thi…
Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek
later described cells that could move (animalcules). He viewe…
97 terms
Honors Biology : Chapter 4
organic compound
inorganic compound
organic chemistry
hydrocarbons
contains C and H and sometimes O and N ; in nature they are f…
do not contain C and H ; no stored energy which includes: H2O…
the chemistry of carbon compounds frequently found in living…
C and H compound ; besides sharing e with other C and H, they…
organic compound
contains C and H and sometimes O and N ; in nature they are f…
inorganic compound
do not contain C and H ; no stored energy which includes: H2O…
24 terms
Honors Biology 4.4
genes
nuclear envelope
chromatin
chromosome
a portion of DNA that has the instructions for making a polyp…
a double membrane with pores, inside the nucleus
DNA found in loose, uncoiled form
DNA found in a tightly coiled fashion, happens when cell is a…
genes
a portion of DNA that has the instructions for making a polyp…
nuclear envelope
a double membrane with pores, inside the nucleus
biology honors 4
protien
reactant
product
activation energy
a class of nutients that builds body tissues and supplies ene…
Something that reacts; a substance that undergoes a change in…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
protien
a class of nutients that builds body tissues and supplies ene…
reactant
Something that reacts; a substance that undergoes a change in…
102 terms
Q4 honors biology
Bowman's capsule
Excretion
Filtrate
Filtration
Surrounds Glomerulus; cup-shaped; filtrate flows into it
Disposal or removal of metabolic wastes
Filtered water, dissolved solutes, and urea
Extraction of filtrate from the blood using nephrons
Bowman's capsule
Surrounds Glomerulus; cup-shaped; filtrate flows into it
Excretion
Disposal or removal of metabolic wastes
Biology Honors (Set #4)
Osmosis
Active Transport
Diffusion
Facilitated Diffusion
passive diffusion of water from high to low concentration
uses energy (ATP) to move molecules "uphill" against a concen…
passive movement of particles from high to low concentration
passive diffusion of particles through a transport protein fr…
Osmosis
passive diffusion of water from high to low concentration
Active Transport
uses energy (ATP) to move molecules "uphill" against a concen…
77 terms
Biology Honors Ch. 4
They break down sugars to produce usab…
Organisms on Earth could not survive.
ATP
polysaccharide
Why do cells break down sugars?
What would happen if organisms that made sugars didn't exist?
Which chemical energy is used for most cell processes?
Which type of saccharide is a starch molecule?
They break down sugars to produce usab…
Why do cells break down sugars?
Organisms on Earth could not survive.
What would happen if organisms that made sugars didn't exist?
22 terms
Honors Biology
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Monomer
Polymer
Attracts water molecules
Avoids water molecules
A chemical part that serves as a building block of a polymer
A compound consisting of repeated linked monomers.
Hydrophilic
Attracts water molecules
Hydrophobic
Avoids water molecules
33 terms
Honors Biology 4
Magnification
Resolution
Simple microscope
Compound microscope
Increase in the apparent size of an object
A measure of the clarity of an image
One lens only
Two lenses
Magnification
Increase in the apparent size of an object
Resolution
A measure of the clarity of an image
Honors biology vocab (4)
Osmosis
Active transport
Diffusion
Facilitated diffusion
The passive diffusion of wayer from high to low conventration
Uses energy (ATP) to move molecules "uphill" against a concen…
The passive transport of particles from high to low concentra…
Passive diffusion of particles through a transport protein fr…
Osmosis
The passive diffusion of wayer from high to low conventration
Active transport
Uses energy (ATP) to move molecules "uphill" against a concen…
Honors Biology - Chapter 4 Energy
ATP
Biofeul
C4 Photosynthesis
Calvin Cycle
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
Energy sources derived from plants or animals. Throughout the…
A method of photosynthesis where am additional step of carbon…
Reactions of photosynthesis in which energy from ATP and NADP…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
Biofeul
Energy sources derived from plants or animals. Throughout the…
7 terms
Honors Biology 12.4
mutation
point mutation
mutagen
substitution
are changes on DNA or mRNA sequence
a change in one or few nucleotides coding for gene
that damage DNA
one nucleotide is replace by another nucleotides
mutation
are changes on DNA or mRNA sequence
point mutation
a change in one or few nucleotides coding for gene
21 terms
Biology Honors 6.4
Straight Chain Molecule
Branched Molecules
Ring Molecules
Macromolecules (Polymers)
Carbon atom compounds in a straight line
Carbon atom compounds with connected but scattered atoms
Carbon atom compounds shaped in a ring
Large molecules formed by the joining of smaller molecules
Straight Chain Molecule
Carbon atom compounds in a straight line
Branched Molecules
Carbon atom compounds with connected but scattered atoms
88 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
ATP
ADP
Chemosynthesis
What do all cells use for energy?
molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food mol…
lower- energy molecule that cane be converted back to ATP by…
processes where organisms use chemical energy instead of ligh…
ATP
ATP
molecule that transfers energy from the breakdown of food mol…
ADP
lower- energy molecule that cane be converted back to ATP by…
124 terms
honors biology
uni/mono
di
tri
mer
one
two
three
molecules
uni/mono
one
di
two
78 terms
Honors Biology Set #4
iso-
-ist
-itis
-ium
equal, same
person who deals with
inflammation, disease
refers to a part of the body
iso-
equal, same
-ist
person who deals with
Honors Biology Ch. 4
Endomembrane System
cytoplasm
DNA
RNA
a group of membranes and organelles in eukaryotic cells that…
consists of fluid and structures in the plasma membrane but o…
genetic material in cells
uses the DNA blueprint to construct proteins
Endomembrane System
a group of membranes and organelles in eukaryotic cells that…
cytoplasm
consists of fluid and structures in the plasma membrane but o…
31 terms
Biology Honors Unit 4
Hooke
Leeuwenhoek
Cell Theory
cell membrane
first to use the term "cell", observed dead cork cells, and f…
the father of microbiology, was the first to observe living c…
All organisms are composed of one or more cells, cells are th…
the outer boundary of a cell; separates the cell from the ext…
Hooke
first to use the term "cell", observed dead cork cells, and f…
Leeuwenhoek
the father of microbiology, was the first to observe living c…
Honors Biology quiz #4
modification that makes an animal suit…
it allows organisms to survive a chang…
changes in fur coat with seasons
it could eventually create a new species
what is adaptation
what does adaptation over a short period of time allow?
what is an example of adaptation over a short period of time
what does adaptation over a long period of time in organisms…
modification that makes an animal suit…
what is adaptation
it allows organisms to survive a chang…
what does adaptation over a short period of time allow?
31 terms
Honors Biology Terms 4
Diffusion
Simple Diffusion
Facilitated Diffusion
Hypertonic
the process by which solutes move from an area of higher conc…
solutes diffuse through the phospholipid bilayer of the cell…
diffusion of specific molecules through a cell membrane but t…
has a higher solute concentration
Diffusion
the process by which solutes move from an area of higher conc…
Simple Diffusion
solutes diffuse through the phospholipid bilayer of the cell…
13 terms
Honors biology 4 test
Population growth
Linear growth
exponential growth
Infinitely
An increase in the size of a population over a period time
Populations do not grow in this way (hourly wage)
Populations typically grow in this way
A population can't grow _________
Population growth
An increase in the size of a population over a period time
Linear growth
Populations do not grow in this way (hourly wage)
33 terms
Honors Biology 1.4
Identify three of the seven characteri…
Identify the four unifying principles…
List two different types of interactio…
Outline the formation of modern evolut…
1. are built of structures called cells... 2. grow and change... 3.…
cell theory, evolution, genetics and homeostasis.
1. symbiosis ... 2. competition
Darwinian natural selection was combined with Mendelian inher…
Identify three of the seven characteri…
1. are built of structures called cells... 2. grow and change... 3.…
Identify the four unifying principles…
cell theory, evolution, genetics and homeostasis.
39 terms
Honors Biology Unit 4
Micrograph
LM,EM,SEM, & TEM
Prokaryotic Cells
Eukaryotic Cells
A photograph taken through a microscope.
Types of Microscopes
Small, simple, no nucleus, no membrane-bound organelles, sing…
Contain a nucleus and other organelles that are bound by memb…
Micrograph
A photograph taken through a microscope.
LM,EM,SEM, & TEM
Types of Microscopes
20 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
Cell wall
Cilia
Flagella
Plasma Membrane/Cell Membrane
protects and supports the cell
move the cell through fluid or move fluid past the cell surface
move the cell through the fluid
isolates the cell contents from the environment; regulates mo…
Cell wall
protects and supports the cell
Cilia
move the cell through fluid or move fluid past the cell surface
50 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
cell theory
body tube, nosepiece, objectives, stag…
power ocular lens x power of objective
as you increase the power of magnifica…
the theory that all living things are composed of cells and t…
label this microscope
how do you calculate the power of magnification?
what happens to our view of an image as you increase the powe…
cell theory
the theory that all living things are composed of cells and t…
body tube, nosepiece, objectives, stag…
label this microscope
72 terms
Honors Biology BUA #4
law of superposition
law of included fragments
law of cross cutting relationships
fossils, extinct
older layers deeper
fossil older than rock its found in
water is younger than than the rock it cuts through
Darwin studied ______ and concluded that certain species have…
law of superposition
older layers deeper
law of included fragments
fossil older than rock its found in
9 terms
Honors Biology pt. 4
Cnidaruans
Flatworms
Roundworms
Segmented worms
Sea anemone, coral, hydra, jellyfish, man if war
Planarians, flukes, tapeworms
Pinworms, hookworms, heart worms
Tube Worms, earthworms, witellum
Cnidaruans
Sea anemone, coral, hydra, jellyfish, man if war
Flatworms
Planarians, flukes, tapeworms
56 terms
Honors Biology Stems #4
hipp-
hist-
holo-
homo-
horse
tissue
entire; whole
man
hipp-
horse
hist-
tissue
72 terms
Honors Biology Topic 4
cell theory
cyclosis
light microscope
electron microscope
All living things are made of cells, all cells come from pree…
the movement of chloroplasts inside of plant cells
light passes through a specimen then through glass lenses int…
used to view the ultrastructure of cells; can resolve biologi…
cell theory
All living things are made of cells, all cells come from pree…
cyclosis
the movement of chloroplasts inside of plant cells
Unit 4: HONORS BIOLOGY
genetics
allele
homozygous
heterozygous
science of heredity.
alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
organism with two of the same alleles for a specific trait.
organism with two different alleles for a specific trait.
genetics
science of heredity.
allele
alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
Honors Biology 42.4
primary productivity
gross primary production
net primary production
net ecosystem production
the rate at which producers capture and store energy in their…
all energy initially trapped by producers
fraction of trapped energy that producers funnel into growth…
gross primary production minus the energy that producers, det…
primary productivity
the rate at which producers capture and store energy in their…
gross primary production
all energy initially trapped by producers
47 terms
Honors Biology Assessment 4
passive transport
osmosis
things that affect osmosis
facilitated transport
the movement of molecules thru a membrane without an energy s…
the movement of water thru a membrane from areas of high conc…
gradient slope, mass of molecules, temperature, density of so…
movement of a molecule thru a membrane with the help of anoth…
passive transport
the movement of molecules thru a membrane without an energy s…
osmosis
the movement of water thru a membrane from areas of high conc…
1 of 10