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Study sets matching "honors biology cells structure"

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Study sets matching "honors biology cells structure"

20 terms
Honors Biology : Cell structure
Eukaryotes
Prokaryotes
Nucleus
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Membrane bound structures called organelles and cytoskeleton.…
No internal membrane bound structures like a nucleus.Can't ca…
Manages cellular function and stores DNA
System of folded sacs and interconnected chemical reactions o…
Eukaryotes
Membrane bound structures called organelles and cytoskeleton.…
Prokaryotes
No internal membrane bound structures like a nucleus.Can't ca…
19 terms
Biology Honors Cell Structure
cytoskeleton
nucleus
ribosome
endoplasmic reticulum
network of proteins that is constantly changing to meet the n…
"brain of the cell"
link amino acids together to form proteins
"cellular highway"
cytoskeleton
network of proteins that is constantly changing to meet the n…
nucleus
"brain of the cell"
38 terms
Honors Biology cell structure
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Nucleolus
Mitochondria
Big sphere control center holds DNA
Squiggly things made of DNA in nucleus helps cell to grow and…
Smaller ball in the nucleus
Powerhouse of the cell provides all the energy like a furnace
Nucleus
Big sphere control center holds DNA
Chromosomes
Squiggly things made of DNA in nucleus helps cell to grow and…
18 terms
Honors biology cell structure
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Plasma membrane
Cytoplasm
Cells without a nuclues or membrane bound organelles
Cell that contains nucleus and membrane bound organelles
The flexible sell boundary made of phospholipids function equ…
The semi fluid environment inside the plasma membrane
Prokaryotes
Cells without a nuclues or membrane bound organelles
Eukaryotes
Cell that contains nucleus and membrane bound organelles
38 terms
Cell Structure Honors Biology
Cells Test on ______
Covers information in chapter 7
• Review from Textbook
• Cell City Analogies
...
...
...
...
Cells Test on ______
...
Covers information in chapter 7
...
32 terms
Cell Structure and Function (Honors Biology)
All living things are made of ________…
What are the three parts to Cell Theory?
Why are cells small?
What is the structure of prokaryotic c…
cells
-cells are the basic unit of life... -all cells come from preexi…
surface area to volume ratio, rate of diffusion, and their ge…
simple, small, no nucleus, have no membrane organelles and th…
All living things are made of ________…
cells
What are the three parts to Cell Theory?
-cells are the basic unit of life... -all cells come from preexi…
45 terms
Biology Honors Cell Structure/Function
Cytoplasm
Prokaryote, Eukaryote, Plant, Animal
Nucleus
Eukaryote, Plant, Animal
Fluid outside of the nucleus holds organelles
What cells have cytoplasm in them?
Contains DNA
What cells have a nucleus?
Cytoplasm
Fluid outside of the nucleus holds organelles
Prokaryote, Eukaryote, Plant, Animal
What cells have cytoplasm in them?
20 terms
Cell structure- Biology 1 Honors
Cell theory states:
Prokaryotes and eukaryotes
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
1. All organisms are made up of one or more cells... 2. Cells ar…
the two types of cells
-oldest cells... -no membrane-bound organelles... -no true nucleus…
-youngest cells... -has membrane-bound organelles... -true nucleus…
Cell theory states:
1. All organisms are made up of one or more cells... 2. Cells ar…
Prokaryotes and eukaryotes
the two types of cells
50 terms
Honors Biology The Cell: Structure and Function
prokaryote
prokaryote
prokaryote
prokaryote
no nucleus, genetic material not in nucleus
smaller/simpler than eukaryote
grow, reproduce, respond to environment
do not have membrane bound organells
prokaryote
no nucleus, genetic material not in nucleus
prokaryote
smaller/simpler than eukaryote
12 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 7 - Cell Structure and Function
cell
diffusion
tissue
nucleus
Basic unit of structure and function in living things
process by which molecules tend to move from an area where th…
group of similar cells that perform a particular function
organelle that controls all the activities of a cell and cont…
cell
Basic unit of structure and function in living things
diffusion
process by which molecules tend to move from an area where th…
22 terms
Honors Biology Cell Structure and Function
Organelles
Nucleus
Chromatin (chromosomes)
Nucleolus
Structures within a cell that carry out specific life functions
Controls cell activities (contains chromatin/chromosomes)
DNA wrapped around proteins-contains instructions for making…
Makes ribosomes
Organelles
Structures within a cell that carry out specific life functions
Nucleus
Controls cell activities (contains chromatin/chromosomes)
35 terms
Cell Structure and Function (Biology Honors)
Cell
Discovery of Cells
Antonie Van
Cell Theory
Smallest living unit... Most are Mircoscopic... Cytology- Study of…
Robret Hooke... Observed Silver of Cork... Saw " row of empty boxes…
First to observe unicellular organisms
(1839) Theodor Schwann and Matthias Schledian ... " All Livings…
Cell
Smallest living unit... Most are Mircoscopic... Cytology- Study of…
Discovery of Cells
Robret Hooke... Observed Silver of Cork... Saw " row of empty boxes…
43 terms
honors biology cell structure test 4
cell theory
1) all living things are composed of c…
prokaryotes and eukaryotes
small , simple cells that do not have…
the observations and conclusions of early biologists as well…
what are the components to the cell theory?
what are the two types of cells
what are prokaryotic cells
cell theory
the observations and conclusions of early biologists as well…
1) all living things are composed of c…
what are the components to the cell theory?
9 terms
Biology Honors: Cell Structure and Function
Cells come in all--
Cell specialization
Stem cells
Tissue specific stem cells
different shapes and sizes
cells are often suited to perform a particular function withi…
undifferentiated cells in animal tissue that can divide to pr…
every major tissue have these
Cells come in all--
different shapes and sizes
Cell specialization
cells are often suited to perform a particular function withi…
113 terms
Honors Biology - Cell Structure & Function
Cristae
Inclusions
Chloroplasts
Micro tubules
small folds in the mitochondria that increase surface area
Organelles that help the normal functioning of special cells;…
Green organelles in plants that are the "engines" of photosyn…
Hollow protein cylinders used to give the cell a cytoskeleton…
Cristae
small folds in the mitochondria that increase surface area
Inclusions
Organelles that help the normal functioning of special cells;…
48 terms
Honors Biology Cell Structure study
Robert Hooke
Leeuwenhoek
Robert Brown
Charles Spencer
Said that organisms were made of cells
First person to see living microscopic organisms
Discovered a cell's nucleus
Greatly improved magnification of the microscope
Robert Hooke
Said that organisms were made of cells
Leeuwenhoek
First person to see living microscopic organisms
29 terms
Honors Biology: Cell Structure and Function
state the three parts of the cell theory
what is the smallest unit that can car…
describe the major contributions of Ho…
identify the advance that enabled Leeu…
all living organisms are composed of one or more cells, cells…
cell
Hooke- discovered and named the first cells; Leeuwenhoek- the…
his microscope
state the three parts of the cell theory
all living organisms are composed of one or more cells, cells…
what is the smallest unit that can car…
cell
27 terms
Biology Honors- Cell Structure and Function
Leeuwenhoek
Hooke
cytology
cell
first discovered the cell; makes first microscope
first person to name them "Cells" after the living quarters o…
science of the study of cells
smallest unit of living matter
Leeuwenhoek
first discovered the cell; makes first microscope
Hooke
first person to name them "Cells" after the living quarters o…
25 terms
Honors Biology Fall Terms--Cell Structure and Function
cell
unified cell theory
prokaryote (prokaryotic cell)
common components of all cells
basic unit of all forms of life
all living things are composed of one or more cells, that the…
a unicellular organism that lacks a nucleus or membrane-bound…
1) a plasma membrane, an outer covering that separates the ce…
cell
basic unit of all forms of life
unified cell theory
all living things are composed of one or more cells, that the…
55 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 7- Cell Structure and Function
Cell theory
Cell membrane
Fluid Mosaic Model
Nucleus
All living things are composed of cells... Cells are the basic u…
Made of phospholipids, a fluid shifting bi-layer
The idea that cell membrane is a fluid, shifting bi-layer con…
Contains DNA, surrounded by nuclear envelope, and has nucleolus
Cell theory
All living things are composed of cells... Cells are the basic u…
Cell membrane
Made of phospholipids, a fluid shifting bi-layer
13 terms
Honors Biology cells types and structure
Prokaryotic cells
Eukaryotic cells
All cells have
Plasama membrane
...
...
Plasma... Semi fluid cytosol... Chromosomes(carry genes)... Ribosomes
Cell membrane ... It protects cell selectively permeable ... It con…
Prokaryotic cells
...
Eukaryotic cells
...
55 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 7- Cell Structure and Function
Cell theory
Cell membrane
Fluid Mosaic Model
Nucleus
All living things are composed of cells... Cells are the basic u…
Made of phospholipids, a fluid shifting bi-layer
The idea that cell membrane is a fluid, shifting bi-layer con…
Contains DNA, surrounded by nuclear envelope, and has nucleolus
Cell theory
All living things are composed of cells... Cells are the basic u…
Cell membrane
Made of phospholipids, a fluid shifting bi-layer
36 terms
Honors Biology: Cell Structure and Theory
What are the three parts of the Cell T…
What did Robert Hooke discover?
What did he say the cells looked like?
What was Anton Von Leeuwenhoek the fir…
1. All known living things are made up of one or more cells.…
He discovered cells
He said they looked like empty, box-like structures
He was the first to observe living cells while looking at a s…
What are the three parts of the Cell T…
1. All known living things are made up of one or more cells.…
What did Robert Hooke discover?
He discovered cells
Honors Biology - Chapter 6, Cell Structure
Cell Wall Composition
Cell Wall Function
Nucleus composition
nucleus function
Contains cellulose fibrils
helps the cell keep structure
nuclear envelope surrounding nucleoplasm, chromatin and nucle…
storage of genetic information (dna)
Cell Wall Composition
Contains cellulose fibrils
Cell Wall Function
helps the cell keep structure
20 terms
Honors Biology 9: Cells Structure and Function
How does a virus reproduce?
How are Plant and animal cells differe…
What is the cell membrane's function?
what is the cell wall's function?
Extracts DNA into cell and reproduces using cell functions.
Plant cells have a cell wall while animal cells don't.
Regulates what goes in/out of the cell
Protects and supports the cell
How does a virus reproduce?
Extracts DNA into cell and reproduces using cell functions.
How are Plant and animal cells differe…
Plant cells have a cell wall while animal cells don't.
20 terms
Cell Structure / CellsAlive - Honors Biology
Cell Membrane
Chromosomes
Cytosol
Nucleolus
This structure controls the passage of materials into and out…
Contains the hereditary information of the cell; found in the…
This watery 'soup' fills the space between the nucleus and ce…
This structure produces ribosomes by re-writing ribosomal RNA
Cell Membrane
This structure controls the passage of materials into and out…
Chromosomes
Contains the hereditary information of the cell; found in the…
87 terms
Cell Structure Biology Honors Chapter 7
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leuuwenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
Theodor Schwann
looked at cork through a compound microscope. observed cell w…
called living cells around him 'animalcules'
said all plants are made of cells
said all animal parts are made of cells
Robert Hooke
looked at cork through a compound microscope. observed cell w…
Anton van Leuuwenhoek
called living cells around him 'animalcules'
8 terms
Chapter 7 Cell Structure and Function ~ Biology Honors
Compound Light Microscope
Cells
Electron Microscope
Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM)
A microscope that use lenses and light to magnify images ( we…
basic unit of all living things
Ability to see something 1 millionth of a meter (makes viruse…
allows to see structures
Compound Light Microscope
A microscope that use lenses and light to magnify images ( we…
Cells
basic unit of all living things
53 terms
Honors Biology- Cell Reproduction and Structure Test Questions
During cytokinesis, plant cells have t…
Which of the following is a product of…
What is the phase where the cell synth…
How does a stem cell have potential me…
Cell Plate
a. Carbon Dioxide
Interphase
Because it does not have a structure and function.
During cytokinesis, plant cells have t…
Cell Plate
Which of the following is a product of…
a. Carbon Dioxide
26 terms
Honors Biology Ch 4 -- Cell Structure & Function
DNA
cell membrane
ribosomes
cytoplasm
genetic information that stores instructions for building pro…
thin flexible layer around the cytoplasm that isolates the ce…
links amino acids to create proteins, either floating in cyto…
site of all internal cell structures & metabolic activities
DNA
genetic information that stores instructions for building pro…
cell membrane
thin flexible layer around the cytoplasm that isolates the ce…
12 terms
Biology Honors BTS Quiz (Cell Structure)
Cell membrane
Nucleus
Ribosome
Centriole
Controls the movement of substances in and out of the cell
Houses majority of genetic material (DNA)
Makes protein by joining amino acids
Helps in cell division with animal cells
Cell membrane
Controls the movement of substances in and out of the cell
Nucleus
Houses majority of genetic material (DNA)
17 terms
Honors biology set 4 ( cell structure and function)
Cells are considered to be the basic u…
Henri Dutrochet
All living organisms are composed of c…
Theodore Schwann
Part 1 of the cell theory
Part 1 of the cell theory was proposed by:
Part 2 of the cell theory
Part 2 of the cell theory was proposed by :
Cells are considered to be the basic u…
Part 1 of the cell theory
Henri Dutrochet
Part 1 of the cell theory was proposed by:
22 terms
Honors Biology: Cell Structure and Activity: Unit 7
Active Transport
ATP
Chemical Energy
Diffusion
the movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
adenosine triphosphate; a nucleotide found in the mitochondri…
energy stored in the bonds of chemical compounds (atoms and m…
the intermingling of substances by the natural movement of th…
Active Transport
the movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
ATP
adenosine triphosphate; a nucleotide found in the mitochondri…
14 terms
Honors Biology-7.2 Vocabulary-Cell Structure
Cytoplasm
Organelle
Vacuole
Lysosome
The portion of the cell outside of the nucleus
Specialized structure that performs important cellular functi…
Cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, pr…
Cell organelle that breaks down lipids, carbohydrate, and pro…
Cytoplasm
The portion of the cell outside of the nucleus
Organelle
Specialized structure that performs important cellular functi…
75 terms
Biology Honors: Chapter 7- Cell Structure and Function
Prokaryotic; eukaryotic
Bacteria
Yeast, Amoeba, Paramecium
One
Unicellular organism can be ________________ or _____________…
What is an example of prokaryotic cells?
What are 3 examples of unicellular eukaryotic cells?
In a unicellular organism, _______ cell(s) performs all funct…
Prokaryotic; eukaryotic
Unicellular organism can be ________________ or _____________…
Bacteria
What is an example of prokaryotic cells?
28 terms
Structure and Function of the Cell- Chapter 4 Honors Biology
Cells
Robert Hooke (1665)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek (1673)
Cell Theory
the smallest unit of matter that carry on all processes of life
examined a slice of cork with a microscope and saw tiny boxes…
Dutch microscope maker who observed the first living cell.
1. all living things are made up of cells... 2. cells are the ba…
Cells
the smallest unit of matter that carry on all processes of life
Robert Hooke (1665)
examined a slice of cork with a microscope and saw tiny boxes…
65 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 4: Cell Structure
Cell
Observation
Hypothesis
Variable or treatment
Smallest unit of life
leads to a question
a proposed explanation that leads to an experiment or an obse…
test only ONE at a time
Cell
Smallest unit of life
Observation
leads to a question
42 terms
Honors Biology - Unit Three: Cell Structure and Function
microscope
resolution
ocular lens
objective lens
produce an enlarged image of an object due to magnification o…
the clearness of a microscope image
lens that you look through at the top of a microscope
lenses on the revolving nosepiece
microscope
produce an enlarged image of an object due to magnification o…
resolution
the clearness of a microscope image
34 terms
honors biology cell structure and function 9.1
cell
cell theory
cell membrane
cell wall
structure that makes up every living thing
cells are the basic unit of life ... all living things are made…
flexible barrier that regulates what enters and leaves the cell
layer around the membrane that protects the cell
cell
structure that makes up every living thing
cell theory
cells are the basic unit of life ... all living things are made…
9 terms
Honors Biology: Final Review Cell Structure and Function
Which type of microscope shows the gre…
Mitochondria
Ribosomes
Lysosomes
the electron microscope
a structure that produces cellular energy
structures responsible for protein synthesis
they contain enzymes used for cellular digestion
Which type of microscope shows the gre…
the electron microscope
Mitochondria
a structure that produces cellular energy
30 terms
Honors Biology - Cell Structure & Function Unit
microscope
ribosome
chloroplast
Golgi apparatus
Makes very small objects visible.
Site of protein production in cells; may be "free-floating" o…
Green organelle where photosynthesis produces food for a plant.
"Shipping center;" Packages, modifies, and ships materials re…
microscope
Makes very small objects visible.
ribosome
Site of protein production in cells; may be "free-floating" o…
Honors Biology - Cells Unit
microscope
ribosome
chloroplast
carbohydrate
Makes very small objects visible.
Site of protein production in cells; may be "free-floating" o…
Green organelle where photosynthesis produces food for a plant.
Component of the cell membrane; "I.D. Card" that allows cells…
microscope
Makes very small objects visible.
ribosome
Site of protein production in cells; may be "free-floating" o…
40 terms
Cell Structure to Function Honors Biology Connie Richards
Nucleus Function:
Nucleus Structure:
RNA is used to make
Nucleolus Function:
Controls what genes on DNA get turned on and off, so it contr…
Genetic Material inside, Nuclear Envelope, Nucleolus
a protein
ribosome synthesis
Nucleus Function:
Controls what genes on DNA get turned on and off, so it contr…
Nucleus Structure:
Genetic Material inside, Nuclear Envelope, Nucleolus
108 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 7: Cell Structure and Function
Who created the name "cell"?
Who discovered bacteria by looking at…
Definition of cells
Who concluded that all plants are made…
Robert Hooke
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
The basic units of life
Matthias Schleidan
Who created the name "cell"?
Robert Hooke
Who discovered bacteria by looking at…
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
23 terms
Cell Membrane Structure and Transport [Honors Biology]
Osmosis
Isotonic
Hypertonic
Hypotonic
Movement of water across a semi-permable membrane towarss a h…
Same amount of solutes
More solutes
Less solutes
Osmosis
Movement of water across a semi-permable membrane towarss a h…
Isotonic
Same amount of solutes
37 terms
Honors Biology Cells And Their Structures Unit
Nucleus
Example of a nucleus
Ribosomes
Examples of Ribosomes
Function:... Stores genetic information... Assembly of ribosome sub…
every cell in your body
Function: Protein synthesis
car factory
Nucleus
Function:... Stores genetic information... Assembly of ribosome sub…
Example of a nucleus
every cell in your body
31 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 7: Cell Structure and Function
Cell
Cell Theory
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
basic unit of all forms of life
fundamental concept of biology that states that all living th…
thin, flexible barrier that surrounds all cells; regulates wh…
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
Cell
basic unit of all forms of life
Cell Theory
fundamental concept of biology that states that all living th…
20 terms
Honors Cell Structure and Function
Nucleus
Nuclear envelope
Chromosomes
Chromatin
Double-layer membrane with pores ... Storage of genetic informa…
Double-layer membrane with pores... Regulates entry in and exit…
Condensed chromatin: DNA and histone proteins ... ... Genetic info…
DNA bound to histone proteins ... Genetic information
Nucleus
Double-layer membrane with pores ... Storage of genetic informa…
Nuclear envelope
Double-layer membrane with pores... Regulates entry in and exit…
47 terms
Learning Targets - Cell Structure, Biology I Honors
Active Transport
Adenosine TriPhosphate (ATP)
Carbohydrate Chains
Carrier Protein
The movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
A compound present in all living tissue that provides energy…
Carbohydrates with one or more covalently linked oligosacchar…
A multiunit transmembrane protein that possesses specific bin…
Active Transport
The movement of ions or molecules across a cell membrane into…
Adenosine TriPhosphate (ATP)
A compound present in all living tissue that provides energy…
33 terms
Chapter 4 Cell Structures & functions Biology Honors
cell
cell theory
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells…
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
or cell membrane, the cell's outer boundary
the region of the cell within the membrane that includes the…
cell
the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells…
cell theory
the theory that states that all living things are made up of…
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