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Study sets matching "honors biology chapter 6"

17 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6
kilocalorie
redox reaction
oxidation
reduction
A unit of heat; equals 1000 calories. Raises 1kg of water 1 d…
A chemical reaction involving the transfer of one or more ele…
The loss of electrons from a substance involved in a redox re…
The addition of electrons to a substance involved in a redox…
kilocalorie
A unit of heat; equals 1000 calories. Raises 1kg of water 1 d…
redox reaction
A chemical reaction involving the transfer of one or more ele…
35 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6
What organisms trap sunlight & store i…
What is the main energy currency of a…
Define cellular respiration.
What process begins cellular respirati…
Some organisms, such as plants, can trap the energy in sunlig…
The main energy currency of a cell is ATP.
A complex process in which cells make atp by oxidizing organi…
The process that begins cellular respiration is glycolysis an…
What organisms trap sunlight & store i…
Some organisms, such as plants, can trap the energy in sunlig…
What is the main energy currency of a…
The main energy currency of a cell is ATP.
70 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6
Protons, Neutons, Electrons
Positive
Negative
No charge
Parts of an atom
Charge of a proton
Charge of an electron
Charge of a neutron
Protons, Neutons, Electrons
Parts of an atom
Positive
Charge of a proton
48 terms
Honors Biology- Chapter 6
Glycolysis
Pyruvate
Substrate level phosphorylation
First phase of glycolysis
Means the splitting of sugar... Yields a net gain of two molecul…
ionized form of pyruvic acid
In this process, an enzyme transfers a phosphate group a subs…
Energy investment phase ... Consumes energy... Uses two molecules o…
Glycolysis
Means the splitting of sugar... Yields a net gain of two molecul…
Pyruvate
ionized form of pyruvic acid
39 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6
Biochemical Pathway
Photosynthesis
autotroph
hetertroph
a series of chemical reactions linked
the process of converting light energy from the sun into chem…
organisms that use energy from sunlight or from chemical bond…
Animals and other organisms that must get energy from food in…
Biochemical Pathway
a series of chemical reactions linked
Photosynthesis
the process of converting light energy from the sun into chem…
34 terms
Chapter 6 Biology Honors
Cellular Respiration Equation
Photosynthesis Equation
Prokaryote
Eukaryote
C6H12O6 + 6 O2 = 6 H20 + 6 CO2 + energy
light energy + 6 CO2 + 6 H20 = C6H12O6 + 6 O2
Lacks membrane-bound organelles
Has membrane-bound organelles such as the nucleus (us)
Cellular Respiration Equation
C6H12O6 + 6 O2 = 6 H20 + 6 CO2 + energy
Photosynthesis Equation
light energy + 6 CO2 + 6 H20 = C6H12O6 + 6 O2
29 terms
biology 1 (honors) : chapter 6 : chemistry in biology
atoms
where are neutrons and protons located ?
protons
neutrons
the building blocks of matter
in the center of the atom... (nucleus)
positively changed particles
particles that have no charge
atoms
the building blocks of matter
where are neutrons and protons located ?
in the center of the atom... (nucleus)
19 terms
Chapter 6 Honors Biology
Acid
Atom
Base
Compound
any substance that form hydrogen ions (H+)
the smallest particle of an elements that has the characteris…
any substance that forms hydroxide ions (OH-)
a substance that is composed of atoms of two or more differen…
Acid
any substance that form hydrogen ions (H+)
Atom
the smallest particle of an elements that has the characteris…
13 terms
Honors Biology-Chapter 6
autotroph
heterotroph
thylakoid
granum
An organism that makes its own food
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to conv…
A stack of thylakoids in a chloroplast
autotroph
An organism that makes its own food
heterotroph
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
Honors Biology Chapter 6
Cell Theory
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
Nucleus
Theory that describes the properties of cells. ... 1. the theory…
Single-celled organism lacking in all membranes ... 1. Lacking i…
An organism consisting of a cell or cells in which the geneti…
A part of the cell containing DNA + RNA and responsible for g…
Cell Theory
Theory that describes the properties of cells. ... 1. the theory…
Prokaryotes
Single-celled organism lacking in all membranes ... 1. Lacking i…
39 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6
Biochemical Pathway
Photosynthesis
autotroph
hetertroph
a series of chemical reactions linked
the process of converting light energy from the sun into chem…
organisms that use energy from sunlight or from chemical bond…
Animals and other organisms that must get energy from food in…
Biochemical Pathway
a series of chemical reactions linked
Photosynthesis
the process of converting light energy from the sun into chem…
34 terms
biology honors chapter 6
Cellular Respiration
sugars are broken down to
Metabolism
synthesis
release energy by breaking down sugars... Needs enzymes to compl…
co2 and water
two main parts: ... synthesis, Decomposition
combination of small organic molecules to form more complex m…
Cellular Respiration
release energy by breaking down sugars... Needs enzymes to compl…
sugars are broken down to
co2 and water
27 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6
Cell Theory
Light Microscope
Electron Microscope
Prokaryotic
-all living things are made of cells... -cells = basic unit of l…
uses visible light and magnifies up to 1000 times
uses beams of electrons and magnifies 1 million times
small & simple; no nucleus (only ribosomes)
Cell Theory
-all living things are made of cells... -cells = basic unit of l…
Light Microscope
uses visible light and magnifies up to 1000 times
30 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6
Wavelength
Photoautotrophs
Pigment
Chlorophyll A
The distance between each crest of a wave.
Organisms that carry out photosynthesis.
A molecule that absorbs light.
Absorbs Photon 680 in Photosystem II & light in violet-blue a…
Wavelength
The distance between each crest of a wave.
Photoautotrophs
Organisms that carry out photosynthesis.
80 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6
the father of genetics
1822-1884
discovered the basic principles of her…
P generation, F1 generation, F2 genera…
Who is Gregor Mendel?
When was Gregor Mendel born and when did he die?
What did Gregor Mendel do?
Mendel defined what different types of hybridization?
the father of genetics
Who is Gregor Mendel?
1822-1884
When was Gregor Mendel born and when did he die?
22 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6
sun
photo
synthesis
autotrophs
the original source of energy on earth
light
to make something
organisms that make all their own organic matter
sun
the original source of energy on earth
photo
light
18 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
activation energy
the capacity to do work (transfer energy to an object, causin…
(energy of movement)... -light (movement of photons), heat (move…
(stored energy)- includes chemical energy maintained in the b…
the energy "push" in chemical reactions; can be provided by t…
energy
the capacity to do work (transfer energy to an object, causin…
kinetic energy
(energy of movement)... -light (movement of photons), heat (move…
14 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 6
Somatic cell
Gamete
Homologous chromosomes
Autosomes
body cells that make up most of your body tissues and organs.
sex cells such as, ova or spermatozoa.
two chromosomes inherited from from the parents of an organis…
chromosomes not directly related to the gender of an organism…
Somatic cell
body cells that make up most of your body tissues and organs.
Gamete
sex cells such as, ova or spermatozoa.
57 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6
Chromosomal Change
Gene Mutation
Genome
Pathenogenesis
Involves either the number of chromosomes or the arrangement…
A change in the sequence of bases in a gene.
One single complete haploid set of an organism's chromosomes.
The development of an unfertilized egg.
Chromosomal Change
Involves either the number of chromosomes or the arrangement…
Gene Mutation
A change in the sequence of bases in a gene.
Chapter 6 Honors Biology
Cellular Respiration
Electron Transport Chain
Citric Acid Cycle
Oxidative Phosphorylation
The aerobic harvesting of energy from food molecules
A series of electron carrier molecules that shuttle electrons…
The part of cell respiration occurring in the mitochondrial m…
Production of ATP from electron chain; 3rd major step of cell…
Cellular Respiration
The aerobic harvesting of energy from food molecules
Electron Transport Chain
A series of electron carrier molecules that shuttle electrons…
72 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6 study guide
What type of reaction is Cellular Resp…
Is cellular respiration aerobic or ana…
What gas does cellular respiration con…
Where does Cellular respiration occur?
Exergonic
Aerobic
Oxygen (O₂), Carbon Dioxide (CO₂)
mitochondria
What type of reaction is Cellular Resp…
Exergonic
Is cellular respiration aerobic or ana…
Aerobic
78 terms
Honors Biology - Chapter 6
Chemistry
Atoms
Nucleus
Protons
the study of matter - its composition and properties
building blocks of matter (anything that has mass and takes u…
the center of an atom (where neutrons and protons are located)
positively charged particles
Chemistry
the study of matter - its composition and properties
Atoms
building blocks of matter (anything that has mass and takes u…
35 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6
What organisms trap sunlight & store i…
What is the main energy currency of a…
Define cellular respiration.
What process begins cellular respirati…
Some organisms, such as plants, can trap the energy in sunlig…
The main energy currency of a cell is ATP.
A complex process in which cells make atp by oxidizing organi…
The process that begins cellular respiration is glycolysis an…
What organisms trap sunlight & store i…
Some organisms, such as plants, can trap the energy in sunlig…
What is the main energy currency of a…
The main energy currency of a cell is ATP.
35 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6
What organisms trap sunlight & store i…
What is the main energy currency of a…
Define cellular respiration.
What process begins cellular respirati…
Some organisms, such as plants, can trap the energy in sunlig…
The main energy currency of a cell is ATP.
A complex process in which cells make atp by oxidizing organi…
The process that begins cellular respiration is glycolysis an…
What organisms trap sunlight & store i…
Some organisms, such as plants, can trap the energy in sunlig…
What is the main energy currency of a…
The main energy currency of a cell is ATP.
29 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6
Acid
Atom
Base
Compound
Any substance that forms Hydrogen ions
Smallest particle of an element that has the characteristic o…
Any substance that forms Hydroxide ions
Substance composed of atoms of 2 or more different elements t…
Acid
Any substance that forms Hydrogen ions
Atom
Smallest particle of an element that has the characteristic o…
62 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6
Acetyl CoA
coenzyme
alcohol fermentation
ATP synthase
Acetyl Coenzyme A, a compound that is synthesized by cells an…
An organic molecule serving as a cofactor (any nonprotein mol…
The conversion of pyruvate to carbon dioxide and ethyl alcohol.
Large protein that uses energy from H+ ions to bind ADP and a…
Acetyl CoA
Acetyl Coenzyme A, a compound that is synthesized by cells an…
coenzyme
An organic molecule serving as a cofactor (any nonprotein mol…
46 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6
Photosynthesis
Biochemical Pathway
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Plants and other organisms convert the radiant energy of the…
Series of linked reactions
10% of organisms ... Make their own energy... Can go through photos…
90% of organisms... Get energy from other organisms ... Cannot go t…
Photosynthesis
Plants and other organisms convert the radiant energy of the…
Biochemical Pathway
Series of linked reactions
19 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6 Vocab
caroteniod
chlorophyll
heterotroph
photosynthesis
class of pigments that are present in the thylakoid membrane…
green pigment that is present in most plant cells, that gives…
organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating other…
process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sunligh…
caroteniod
class of pigments that are present in the thylakoid membrane…
chlorophyll
green pigment that is present in most plant cells, that gives…
35 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 6
Cells
Compound Light Microscope
Electron Microscope
Cell Theory
The basic unit of living organisms
A microscope that uses a series of lenses and light to magnif…
A microscope that uses a beam of electrons to magnify objects
The observation and conclusion scientists have made concernin…
Cells
The basic unit of living organisms
Compound Light Microscope
A microscope that uses a series of lenses and light to magnif…
25 terms
Honors Biology - Chapter 6
Agriculture
Monoculture
Green Revolution
Renewable Resource
the practice of farming
large fields are planted with a single variety year after year
development of highly productive crop strains and the use of…
can regenerate if they are alive or can be replenished by bio…
Agriculture
the practice of farming
Monoculture
large fields are planted with a single variety year after year
37 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6
Two parts of PSN
Almost all energy comes from...
Autotroph
Heterotroph
Light Reactions, Calvin Cycle
the sun
Organisms that use the suns energy for food.
Organisms that eat food for energy
Two parts of PSN
Light Reactions, Calvin Cycle
Almost all energy comes from...
the sun
21 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6 and 7
Photosynthesis
Chemical formula that represents photo…
2 reactions that occur in photosynthesis
Autotroph vs. Heterotroph
raw materials: carbon dioxide and water... where it occurs: chlo…
calvin cycle and light dependent reaction
autotrophs produce their own energy... heterotrophs need to cons…
Photosynthesis
raw materials: carbon dioxide and water... where it occurs: chlo…
Chemical formula that represents photo…
31 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6/7
Heterotroph
Autotroph
Electron Transport Chain
Carotenoid
A living substance that gets its food from another organism (…
A living substance that can create its own food through photo…
The electron transport chain is the final component of aerobi…
A pigment in the chlorophyll that reflects yellow and orange…
Heterotroph
A living substance that gets its food from another organism (…
Autotroph
A living substance that can create its own food through photo…
67 terms
Honors Biology: Chapter 6
Photosythesis
-10%... -90%
Aristotle
Priestly
Plants and other organisms convert the radienr energy of the…
Approximately what percent of the world species are autotroph…
Humus theory-plants get food from the soil
Plants purify air (kill mice) involved in the exchange of gas
Photosythesis
Plants and other organisms convert the radienr energy of the…
-10%... -90%
Approximately what percent of the world species are autotroph…
honors biology chapter 6
what do all chemical reactions require?
metabolism
metabolic pathways
what do enzymes do?
activation energy
The sum of all chemical reactions occurring in a cell or orga…
Chemical reactions linked in a sequence in which the products…
speed up chemical reactions
what do all chemical reactions require?
activation energy
metabolism
The sum of all chemical reactions occurring in a cell or orga…
16 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
acetyl CoA
alcohol fermentation
ATP synthase
cellular respiration
The entry compound for the citric acid cycle in cellular resp…
The conversion of pyruvate from glycolysis to carbon dioxide…
A cluster of several membrane proteins that function in chemi…
The aerobic harvesting of energy from food molecules; the ene…
acetyl CoA
The entry compound for the citric acid cycle in cellular resp…
alcohol fermentation
The conversion of pyruvate from glycolysis to carbon dioxide…
66 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6+17
Energy
ATP and ADP are both composed of what?
ATP
ADP
The ability to do work
Nitrogen base: Adonine... 5-Carbon Sugar: Ribose = adenosine
Adenosine triphosphate; a way to store excess energy; made up…
Adenosine dihosphate; 1 molecule of adonine, one of ribose, a…
Energy
The ability to do work
ATP and ADP are both composed of what?
Nitrogen base: Adonine... 5-Carbon Sugar: Ribose = adenosine
35 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 6
Cell
Plasma Membrane
Organelles
prokaryotic cells
the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
A membrane-enclosed structure with a specialized function wit…
Small, simple, no nucleus, no membrane-bound organelles, sing…
Cell
the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms
Plasma Membrane
A selectively-permeable phospholipid bilayer forming the boun…
73 terms
Chapter 6: Honors Biology
mitochondrial structures
contrast aerobic processes and anaerob…
cellular respiration
contrast respiration and cellular resp…
-outer membrane (The larger of the two membranes of a double…
aerobic processes require oxygen available for ATP production…
the aerobic harvesting of energy from sugar by muscle cells o…
respiration-breathing, exchange of gases: an organism obtains…
mitochondrial structures
-outer membrane (The larger of the two membranes of a double…
contrast aerobic processes and anaerob…
aerobic processes require oxygen available for ATP production…
46 terms
honors biology chapter 6
what do all living things need?
autotrophs
heterotrophs
what is the ultimate source of energy…
energy
aka producers... get energy directly from an inorganic source
aka consumer... get energy indirectly
sun
what do all living things need?
energy
autotrophs
aka producers... get energy directly from an inorganic source
37 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 6
Photosynthesis
What process do humans depend on for s…
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Plants convert sunglight into CHEMICAL ENERGY in sugars/other…
Photosynthesis
Self-feeders... Lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, get sustenance…
Other feeders ... Animals Cannot make organic molecules from in…
Photosynthesis
Plants convert sunglight into CHEMICAL ENERGY in sugars/other…
What process do humans depend on for s…
Photosynthesis
22 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6
what is a chemical reaction
what do all chemical reactions require…
what is metabolism
what is a metabolic pathway
converts reactions into products
activation energy
the sum of all chemical reactions occurring in a cell(or orga…
chemical reactions linked in sequence in which the products o…
what is a chemical reaction
converts reactions into products
what do all chemical reactions require…
activation energy
35 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6
Membrane transport
Solute
Solvent
Solution
-Cell membrane acts as a gatekeeper... -Materials constantly mov…
Substance to be dissolved; in lesser amount
Substance that does the dissolving; in greater amount
Uniform mixture of two or more substances
Membrane transport
-Cell membrane acts as a gatekeeper... -Materials constantly mov…
Solute
Substance to be dissolved; in lesser amount
16 terms
Chapter 6 Honors BIology
Cell wal
Nucleolus
Plasma membrane
Nucleus
Rigid Structure surrounding eukaryotic cells
Sites were types of RNA that will become part of the cells pr…
Semi fluid cell boundary
Contains most of the cells genetic info
Cell wal
Rigid Structure surrounding eukaryotic cells
Nucleolus
Sites were types of RNA that will become part of the cells pr…
20 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6
autotrophs
photosynthesis
heterotrophs
light reactions
Organisms that are able to make their own food
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
The steps in photosynthesis that occur on the thylakoid membr…
autotrophs
Organisms that are able to make their own food
photosynthesis
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
20 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6
autotrophs
photosynthesis
heterotrophs
light reactions
Organisms that are able to make their own food
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
The steps in photosynthesis that occur on the thylakoid membr…
autotrophs
Organisms that are able to make their own food
photosynthesis
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.
18 terms
Chapter 6 Honors Biology
1. Cellular respiration
2. Electron Transport
3. Citric Acid Cycle
4. Oxidative Phosphorylation
the aerobic harvesting of glucose by muscle cells; breaking d…
Final stage of aerobic respiration. Energy from NADH and FADH…
the part of cellular respiration occurring in the mitochondri…
ATP is produced, NADH and NADH2 shuttle electrons to electron…
1. Cellular respiration
the aerobic harvesting of glucose by muscle cells; breaking d…
2. Electron Transport
Final stage of aerobic respiration. Energy from NADH and FADH…
90 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6
telomeres
cell death
cancer
prokaryotic
section at the end of the chromosome that breaks off a little…
When the telomere is gone, actual pieces of DNA break off whi…
___ cells rebuild the telomere and never figure out that it's…
single, circular strand of DNA
telomeres
section at the end of the chromosome that breaks off a little…
cell death
When the telomere is gone, actual pieces of DNA break off whi…
27 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 6 Vocabulary
Autotroph
Photosynthesis
Heterotroph
Light reacions
an organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
the process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
the initial reactions in photosynthesis, which are triggered…
Autotroph
an organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic su…
Photosynthesis
the process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sun…
Honors biology chapter 6
Monoculture
Renewable resource
Non renewable resource
Sustainable development
Farming strategy of planting a single highly productive crop…
Resource that can be produced or replaced by healthy ecosyste…
Resource that cannot be replenished by a natural process with…
Strategy for using natural resources without depleting them a…
Monoculture
Farming strategy of planting a single highly productive crop…
Renewable resource
Resource that can be produced or replaced by healthy ecosyste…
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