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Study sets matching "honors biology freshman"

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Study sets matching "honors biology freshman"

29 terms
Freshman Honors Biology Midterms
Atom
Proton
Neutron
Electron
Basic unit of matter.
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge.
Atom
Basic unit of matter.
Proton
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
36 terms
Honors Biology Midterm Freshman
Define ecosystem
Define population
Define community
Define biosphere
a biological community of interacting organisms and their phy…
Group of organisms all of the same species, which interbreed…
Collection of several interacting population that inhabit a c…
Portion of the earth that supports life; extends from high at…
Define ecosystem
a biological community of interacting organisms and their phy…
Define population
Group of organisms all of the same species, which interbreed…
87 terms
Freshman Honors Biology Final
Dependent Variable
Independent Variable
Control Group
Constant
Variable that changes and depends on the independent variable
A variable that can stand alone and does not depend on other…
Does not change and is used to measure changes of other items
Variable that doesn't change
Dependent Variable
Variable that changes and depends on the independent variable
Independent Variable
A variable that can stand alone and does not depend on other…
191 terms
Honors Freshman Biology Final
Which atom in water attracts more nega…
Name properties of water that are impo…
What is cohesion?
What does cohesion produce when one wa…
Oxygen
1. cohesion; 2. adhesion ; 3. High Specific Heat ; 4. High He…
Attraction between particles of the same substance
Surface Tension
Which atom in water attracts more nega…
Oxygen
Name properties of water that are impo…
1. cohesion; 2. adhesion ; 3. High Specific Heat ; 4. High He…
Freshman Honors Biology -2015
What is a cell?
What three statements make up the cell…
How did the invention of the microscop…
How do microscopes work?
The basic unit of life
All living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
The invention of the microscope revealed tiny small structure…
Most microscopes use lenses to magnify the image of an object…
What is a cell?
The basic unit of life
What three statements make up the cell…
All living things are made up of cells, cells are the basic u…
46 terms
Honors Biology Freshman
simplest particle of an element that r…
atom or molecule with an electrical ch…
attractive force between a hydrogen mo…
protein or RNA molecule that speeds up…
atom
ion
hydrogen bond
enzyme
simplest particle of an element that r…
atom
atom or molecule with an electrical ch…
ion
118 terms
Freshman Biology Honors
Characteristics of living things
Why study chemistry in biology class?
What is chemistry?
All life processes involve chemical ch…
Breathes ... Grows ... Responds to it's environment ... Metabolizes en…
the structure and function of all living things are governed…
the study of composition, structure, properties, and reaction…
digestion --enzymes ... reproduction -- hormones ... growth -- buil…
Characteristics of living things
Breathes ... Grows ... Responds to it's environment ... Metabolizes en…
Why study chemistry in biology class?
the structure and function of all living things are governed…
129 terms
Freshman Biology Honors
Characteristics of living things
Why study chemistry in biology class?
What is chemistry?
All life processes involve chemical ch…
Breathes ... Grows ... Responds to it's environment ... Metabolizes en…
the structure and function of all living things are governed…
the study of composition, structure, properties, and reaction…
digestion --enzymes ... reproduction -- hormones ... growth -- buil…
Characteristics of living things
Breathes ... Grows ... Responds to it's environment ... Metabolizes en…
Why study chemistry in biology class?
the structure and function of all living things are governed…
171 terms
Freshman Honors Biology Final
Central dogma
Gene
Transcription
Translation
Process of transcription and translation from DNA to proteins
Region of DNA that codes for a specific protein
Process of transforming a region of DNA code into mRNA
Process of assembling protein molecules from a mRNA code
Central dogma
Process of transcription and translation from DNA to proteins
Gene
Region of DNA that codes for a specific protein
142 terms
Honors Freshman Biology Final
Which atom in water attracts more nega…
Name properties of water that are impo…
What is cohesion?
What does cohesion produce when one wa…
Oxygen
1. cohesion; 2. adhesion ; 3. High Specific Heat ; 4. High He…
Attraction between particles of the same substance
Surface Tension
Which atom in water attracts more nega…
Oxygen
Name properties of water that are impo…
1. cohesion; 2. adhesion ; 3. High Specific Heat ; 4. High He…
35 terms
Freshman Midterm (Biology Honors)
Name the three subatomic particles, th…
Know how to calculate the mass number
What are isotopes?
What is a covalent bond?
Protons (+) inside nucleus ... Electrons (-) outside nucleus (or…
Atomic mass = protons + neutrons
When the number of neutrons changes.
Equal sharing of electrons.
Name the three subatomic particles, th…
Protons (+) inside nucleus ... Electrons (-) outside nucleus (or…
Know how to calculate the mass number
Atomic mass = protons + neutrons
117 terms
Honors Biology Exam Freshman
biology
reproduce, genetic code,made of cells,…
observation, questioning, hypothesis,…
control
the study of he living world
8 characteristics of life
steps of the scientific methods
no change, don't have variable
biology
the study of he living world
reproduce, genetic code,made of cells,…
8 characteristics of life
27 terms
Biology Honors Freshman
Element
Molecule
Atoms
Monomer
Group of the same kind of atoms which have specific properties
Two or more different atoms held together by covalent bonds
The basic unit of a chemical element
One subunit
Element
Group of the same kind of atoms which have specific properties
Molecule
Two or more different atoms held together by covalent bonds
240 terms
Freshman Honors Biology Final (Magrino)
What is the plasma membrane most commo…
What are plasma membranes composed of?
What is selective permeability?
Glycoproteins are:
A fluid mosaic
A bi-layer of phospholipids with embedded and attached protei…
When membranes allow some substances to pass through more eas…
A protein with one or more short chains of sugars attached to…
What is the plasma membrane most commo…
A fluid mosaic
What are plasma membranes composed of?
A bi-layer of phospholipids with embedded and attached protei…
155 terms
Freshman Biology Honors Exam Review
Aerobic
Aerobic respiration
Age Structure Graph
Alleles
Process that requires oxygen
Catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant a…
A graph that shows the proportion of people in different age…
The different forms of a gene
Aerobic
Process that requires oxygen
Aerobic respiration
Catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant a…
36 terms
Freshman Year: Honors Biology: Meiosis
Somatic Cells
Gametes
n
Male gamete
"body" cells and contain the normal number of chromosomes...c…
"sex" cells and contain only 1/2 the normal number of chromos…
number of chromosomes in the set...2n means 2 chromosomes
the sperm and is produced in the male gonad the testes
Somatic Cells
"body" cells and contain the normal number of chromosomes...c…
Gametes
"sex" cells and contain only 1/2 the normal number of chromos…
34 terms
Freshman Year: Honors Biology: Classification
Classification
Taxonomy
Aristotle (384-322 BC)
Aristotle's classification, plants
The grouping of objects or information based similarities
The branch of biology that groups and names organisms based o…
Developed the first system of biological classification
Herbs, shrubs, trees
Classification
The grouping of objects or information based similarities
Taxonomy
The branch of biology that groups and names organisms based o…
281 terms
Freshman Honors .1 Biology Final Exam
Chapter 7 - Transport Systems... Transpo…
Chapter 7 - Transport Systems... Homeost…
Chapter 7 - Transport Systems... Insects
Chapter 7 - Transport Systems... Earthworm
Maintain homeostasis by giving nutrients and eliminating wastes
Internal Balance
Open circulatory system (mix of oxygenated and de-oxygenated…
Closed circulatory system (Blood vessels)
Chapter 7 - Transport Systems... Transpo…
Maintain homeostasis by giving nutrients and eliminating wastes
Chapter 7 - Transport Systems... Homeost…
Internal Balance
8 terms
Freshman Honors Biology chapter 2
Atomic number
Neutron
Electron
Atomic mass
Total protons in an atom
Same size as a proton
About 1/1840 the mass of a proton--participates in chemical b…
Roughly the mass of all protons in an atom's nucleus plus the…
Atomic number
Total protons in an atom
Neutron
Same size as a proton
24 terms
Root Words- Honors Biology (Freshman)
a, an-
ab-
ac-, ad-
-acues; aceous
no; lacking; none
away from, out from
to; toward
of or pertaining to
a, an-
no; lacking; none
ab-
away from, out from
33 terms
Freshman Honors Biology chapter 7
cell wall
centriole
chloroplast
cytoplasm
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane
structure in animal cell that helps to organize cell division
found in plants captures energy from sun turns it into chemic…
fluid portion of the cell outside the nucleus
cell wall
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane
centriole
structure in animal cell that helps to organize cell division
33 terms
Freshman Honors Biology chapter 7
cell wall
centriole
chloroplast
cytoplasm
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane
structure in animal cell that helps to organize cell division
found in plants captures energy from sun turns it into chemic…
fluid portion of the cell outside the nucleus
cell wall
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane
centriole
structure in animal cell that helps to organize cell division
43 terms
Freshman Honors Biology- Chapter 3
All contain the element carbon and at…
May contain carbon but generally don't…
Most important inorganic compound
It has oppositly charged ends or poles…
Organic
Inorganic
Water
Polarity
All contain the element carbon and at…
Organic
May contain carbon but generally don't…
Inorganic
13 terms
IHA Freshman Biology Honors-Transport
lipid bilayer
hypertonic
hypotonic
isotonic
structure of membrane, two sheets of lipid molcules with tail…
having a higher concentration of solute than another solution
when comparing two solutions, the solution with the lesser co…
used of solutions) having the same or equal osmotic pressure
lipid bilayer
structure of membrane, two sheets of lipid molcules with tail…
hypertonic
having a higher concentration of solute than another solution
240 terms
Freshman Honors Biology Final DOYLE
What is the plasma membrane most commo…
What are plasma membranes composed of?
What is selective permeability?
Glycoproteins are:
A fluid mosaic
A bi-layer of phospholipids with embedded and attached protei…
When membranes allow some substances to pass through more eas…
A protein with one or more short chains of sugars attached to…
What is the plasma membrane most commo…
A fluid mosaic
What are plasma membranes composed of?
A bi-layer of phospholipids with embedded and attached protei…
27 terms
freshman Honors Biology Chapter 18 - Classification
binomial nomenclature
genus
systematics
taxa
classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
group of similar species
the science of naming and grouping organisms
group or level of organization into which organisms are class…
binomial nomenclature
classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
genus
group of similar species
34 terms
Honors freshman biology- chapter 12- DNA
Griffith
Griffith
Chargaff
Hershey and Chase
Used pneumonia causing bacteria on mice
concluded that transformation changed harmless bacteria into…
Determined that the percents in adenine are equal to thymine
tested protein vs. DNA with bacteriophages
Griffith
Used pneumonia causing bacteria on mice
Griffith
concluded that transformation changed harmless bacteria into…
42 terms
Honors Biology MKHS Freshman Year '15-'16
sudan III
iodine
Benedict's solution
Biuret reagent
this stain is used to test for lipids and will form a bright…
this solution will turn from yellow brown to blue&black in th…
this solution will turn from blue to: green, yellow, orange,…
changes from yellow to blue-violet in presence of protein
sudan III
this stain is used to test for lipids and will form a bright…
iodine
this solution will turn from yellow brown to blue&black in th…
56 terms
Freshman Honors Biology // Chapter 3 Biochemistry
Organic Compound
Inorganic Compound
Water
Polarity
these all contain the elements Carbon and Hydrogen
these generally don't include Carbon, but may
the most important inorganic compound
oppositely charged ends of a water molecule, where the oxygen…
Organic Compound
these all contain the elements Carbon and Hydrogen
Inorganic Compound
these generally don't include Carbon, but may
46 terms
Freshman Honors Biology // Chapter 2 Basic Chemistry
Matter
Mass
Weight
Atom
anything that has volume and has mass
a measure of the quantity of matter (does not vary due to out…
measure of gravitational pull on a mass
the fundamental units of all matter
Matter
anything that has volume and has mass
Mass
a measure of the quantity of matter (does not vary due to out…
44 terms
Freshman Honors Biology // Chapter 4 Cell Anatomy
Robert Hooke
Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
Theodore Schwann
observed dead empty cork cells which reminded him of Monk roo…
first to observe information on living cells
botanist who concluded that all plants are composed of cells
zoologist who concluded that all animals are composed of cells
Robert Hooke
observed dead empty cork cells which reminded him of Monk roo…
Leeuwenhoek
first to observe information on living cells
32 terms
Freshman Honors Biology // Chapter 10 Nucleic Acids
Griffith
2 Strains of Bacteria Grown by Griffith
Transformation
Avery
in 1928, he attempted to develop a pneumonia vaccine by growi…
S-strain and R-strain
the passing of the dead S-strain DNA that changed the previou…
in 1940, he used enzymes to destroy proteins, lipids, carbs,…
Griffith
in 1928, he attempted to develop a pneumonia vaccine by growi…
2 Strains of Bacteria Grown by Griffith
S-strain and R-strain
127 terms
Honors biology freshman year final study set
Information overload of the cell
Why is cell size limited
Define cell division
Define asexual reproduction
-Living cells store critical information in a molecule known…
It's limited because the cell membrane can only allow so much…
The process in which a cell divides into two daughter cells…
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
Information overload of the cell
-Living cells store critical information in a molecule known…
Why is cell size limited
It's limited because the cell membrane can only allow so much…
12 terms
Freshman Year: Honors Biology: Primate Evolution
Primate
Primate Characteristics (8)
How do scientists figure out primate o…
Types of Strepsirrhines
A group of mammals that includes lemurs, monkeys, apes, and h…
1. Large brain to body size... 2. Arboreal (live in trees)... 3. Fl…
Use fossil evidence, comparative anatomy, and genatic and bio…
Lemurs, lorises, pottos, galagos, aye ayes
Primate
A group of mammals that includes lemurs, monkeys, apes, and h…
Primate Characteristics (8)
1. Large brain to body size... 2. Arboreal (live in trees)... 3. Fl…
28 terms
Freshman Honors Biology // Chapter 5 Homeostasis and Transport
Homeostasis
Simple Diffusion
Diffusion
Concentration Gradient
maintaining steady, constant internal conditions
the simplest method by which homeostasis is maintained
the movement of substances down from areas of high concentrat…
the difference in concentration of a substance across a space…
Homeostasis
maintaining steady, constant internal conditions
Simple Diffusion
the simplest method by which homeostasis is maintained
47 terms
Freshman Year: Honors Biology: Chapters 14-15
Spontaneous Generation
Biogenesis
Redi
Pasteur
meat made maggots... mud produced fish... grain made mice
Living organisms only come from living organisms
Disproved spontaneous generation of large organisms
Disproved spontaneous generation of microorganisms
Spontaneous Generation
meat made maggots... mud produced fish... grain made mice
Biogenesis
Living organisms only come from living organisms
63 terms
Freshman Honors Biology (Lahser; Semester 1 Final)
Scientific Method
Variable
Hypothesis
Theory
a series of steps followed to solve problems including collec…
A factor that can change in an experiment
possible explanation for a set of observations or possible an…
idea that explains something and is supported by data, but no…
Scientific Method
a series of steps followed to solve problems including collec…
Variable
A factor that can change in an experiment
144 terms
LWE Freshman Honors Biology - Semester 1 Vocab
Ecology
Biosphere
Species
Population
The scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
Part of Earth in which life exists, including land, water, an…
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
A group of individuals of the same species that live in the s…
Ecology
The scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
Biosphere
Part of Earth in which life exists, including land, water, an…
43 terms
Biology Honors Freshman GBS DNA and Protein Synthesis
Nucleus
Ribosome
Endoplasmic Recticulum
Golgi apparatus
Inside of cell
Site of protein Synthesis
Where ribosomes are before exiting cell
Where proteins go when they need to exit the cell
Nucleus
Inside of cell
Ribosome
Site of protein Synthesis
20 terms
LWE Freshman Honors Biology-Semester 1 Trivia
Cell, Tissue, Organ, Organ System, Org…
8
1) Made of cells. 2) Have internal org…
Growth is how an organism increase in…
What are the levels or organization from smallest to biggest?
How many characteristics of life are there?
Name all characteristics of life.
What is the difference between growth and development?
Cell, Tissue, Organ, Organ System, Org…
What are the levels or organization from smallest to biggest?
8
How many characteristics of life are there?
26 terms
Freshman Honors Biology // Chapter 10 Nucleic Acids
Griffith
2 Strains of Bacteria Grown by Griffith
Transformation
Avery
in 1928, he attempted to develop a pneumonia vaccine by growi…
S-strain and R-strain
the passing of the dead S-strain DNA that changed the previou…
in 1940, he used enzymes to destroy proteins, lipids, carbs,…
Griffith
in 1928, he attempted to develop a pneumonia vaccine by growi…
2 Strains of Bacteria Grown by Griffith
S-strain and R-strain
24 terms
Freshman Honors Biology // Chapter 8 Cell Reproduction
2 reasons cells cell division occurs
Cell Cycle
3 major events in the cell cycle
Interphase
- to replace cells that are injured due to a break, cut, etc.…
the sequence of events that occur in the life of a cell from…
- interphase... - mitosis... - cytokinesis
mainly a period of cell growth and DNA replication. a cell sp…
2 reasons cells cell division occurs
- to replace cells that are injured due to a break, cut, etc.…
Cell Cycle
the sequence of events that occur in the life of a cell from…
32 terms
Freshman Honors Biology // Chapter 5 Homeostasis and Transport
Homeostasis
Simple Diffusion
Diffusion
Concentration Gradient
maintaining steady, constant internal conditions
the simplest method by which homeostasis is maintained
the movement of substances down from areas of high concentrat…
the difference in concentration of a substance across a space…
Homeostasis
maintaining steady, constant internal conditions
Simple Diffusion
the simplest method by which homeostasis is maintained
35 terms
Westlake high school/ /Freshman //Honors Biology/ /evolution test
evolution
natural selection
fossils
transitional forms
the process by which different kinds of living organisms are…
the process whereby organisms better adapted to their environ…
the remains or impression of a prehistoric organism preserved…
Fossils or organisms that show the intermediate states betwee…
evolution
the process by which different kinds of living organisms are…
natural selection
the process whereby organisms better adapted to their environ…
148 terms
Semester 2- Freshman Honors Biology Final
What are the four main biogeochemical…
Are living organisms that affect other…
Although we use sunlight to synthesize…
Do all the biogeochemical cycles invol…
water, nitrogen, phosphorous, carbon
biotic
yes
yes
What are the four main biogeochemical…
water, nitrogen, phosphorous, carbon
Are living organisms that affect other…
biotic
41 terms
freshman honors biology semester 2 final
what is purine? pyrimidine?
what are the parts of a nucleotide?
what discoveries did watson and crick…
what discoveries did franklin make?
purine - large A and G... pyrimidine - small C and T
phosphate, deoxyribose sugar and nitrogen containing base
double helix ... read pictures taken by franklin... built models of…
used x - ray diffraction to take a picture and see the shape…
what is purine? pyrimidine?
purine - large A and G... pyrimidine - small C and T
what are the parts of a nucleotide?
phosphate, deoxyribose sugar and nitrogen containing base
12 terms
9th Grade Freshman Honors Biology Final Guide
Classification
What are the 6 Kingdoms?
What are the 3 Domains?
What is the order of the classificatio…
The grouping of organism or objects based on a set of criteria.
Animalia, Archaea, Eubacteria, Fungi, Plantae, & Protists
Archae, Bacteria, and Eukarya
Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, and Spe…
Classification
The grouping of organism or objects based on a set of criteria.
What are the 6 Kingdoms?
Animalia, Archaea, Eubacteria, Fungi, Plantae, & Protists
24 terms
Biology honors freshman evolution ( stared ones first)
**What is embryology and how does it s…
**Give 3 examples of homologous struct…
**How do DNA similarities support the…
**Draw a timeline. Label present day,…
Embryology is the study of... development from zygote (when spe…
Front limb of a monkey, human, cat, dog, whale, bat,... turtle,…
Organisms that share a more recent... common ancestor share mor…
The X should be at the VERY far end of the timeline, on the p…
**What is embryology and how does it s…
Embryology is the study of... development from zygote (when spe…
**Give 3 examples of homologous struct…
Front limb of a monkey, human, cat, dog, whale, bat,... turtle,…
Unit 2, Atoms, Vocabulary Words: Biology Honors, Freshman
Matter
Mass
Element
Atom
anything that occupies space and has mass
the quantity of matter an object has
substances that cannot be broken down chemically into simpler…
simplest particle of a element that retains all the propertie…
Matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
Mass
the quantity of matter an object has
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