Study sets matching "honors biology freshman"

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Study sets matching "honors biology freshman"

36 terms
Honors Biology Midterm Freshman
Define ecosystem
Define population
Define community
Define biosphere
a biological community of interacting organisms and their phy…
Group of organisms all of the same species, which interbreed…
Collection of several interacting population that inhabit a c…
Portion of the earth that supports life; extends from high at…
Define ecosystem
a biological community of interacting organisms and their phy…
Define population
Group of organisms all of the same species, which interbreed…
29 terms
Freshman Honors Biology Midterms
Atom
Proton
Neutron
Electron
Basic unit of matter.
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
A subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in…
A subatomic particle that has a negative charge.
Atom
Basic unit of matter.
Proton
A subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is f…
87 terms
Freshman Honors Biology Final
Dependent Variable
Independent Variable
Control Group
Constant
Variable that changes and depends on the independent variable
A variable that can stand alone and does not depend on other…
Does not change and is used to measure changes of other items
Variable that doesn't change
Dependent Variable
Variable that changes and depends on the independent variable
Independent Variable
A variable that can stand alone and does not depend on other…
119 terms
Honors Biology Freshman Final
Cell
Dna
Matter
Elements Properties
Basic unit of an organism
Transmits heritable information
Consists of chemical elements in its pure form
Protons, Neutrons, Electrons
Cell
Basic unit of an organism
Dna
Transmits heritable information
46 terms
Honors Biology Freshman
simplest particle of an element that r…
atom or molecule with an electrical ch…
attractive force between a hydrogen mo…
protein or RNA molecule that speeds up…
atom
ion
hydrogen bond
enzyme
simplest particle of an element that r…
atom
atom or molecule with an electrical ch…
ion
92 terms
honors biology freshman year
hypothesis
theory
data
experiment
an educated guess or prediction
an idea that is formed to explain something
facts and statistics collected together for reference or anal…
a scientific procedure which is used to make a discovery or t…
hypothesis
an educated guess or prediction
theory
an idea that is formed to explain something
118 terms
Freshman Biology Honors
Characteristics of living things
Why study chemistry in biology class?
What is chemistry?
All life processes involve chemical ch…
Breathes ... Grows ... Responds to it's environment ... Metabolizes en…
the structure and function of all living things are governed…
the study of composition, structure, properties, and reaction…
digestion --enzymes ... reproduction -- hormones ... growth -- buil…
Characteristics of living things
Breathes ... Grows ... Responds to it's environment ... Metabolizes en…
Why study chemistry in biology class?
the structure and function of all living things are governed…
129 terms
Freshman Biology Honors
Characteristics of living things
Why study chemistry in biology class?
What is chemistry?
All life processes involve chemical ch…
Breathes ... Grows ... Responds to it's environment ... Metabolizes en…
the structure and function of all living things are governed…
the study of composition, structure, properties, and reaction…
digestion --enzymes ... reproduction -- hormones ... growth -- buil…
Characteristics of living things
Breathes ... Grows ... Responds to it's environment ... Metabolizes en…
Why study chemistry in biology class?
the structure and function of all living things are governed…
171 terms
Freshman Honors Biology Final
Central dogma
Gene
Transcription
Translation
Process of transcription and translation from DNA to proteins
Region of DNA that codes for a specific protein
Process of transforming a region of DNA code into mRNA
Process of assembling protein molecules from a mRNA code
Central dogma
Process of transcription and translation from DNA to proteins
Gene
Region of DNA that codes for a specific protein
35 terms
Freshman Midterm (Biology Honors)
Name the three subatomic particles, th…
Know how to calculate the mass number
What are isotopes?
What is a covalent bond?
Protons (+) inside nucleus ... Electrons (-) outside nucleus (or…
Atomic mass = protons + neutrons
When the number of neutrons changes.
Equal sharing of electrons.
Name the three subatomic particles, th…
Protons (+) inside nucleus ... Electrons (-) outside nucleus (or…
Know how to calculate the mass number
Atomic mass = protons + neutrons
117 terms
Honors Biology Exam Freshman
biology
reproduce, genetic code,made of cells,…
observation, questioning, hypothesis,…
control
the study of he living world
8 characteristics of life
steps of the scientific methods
no change, don't have variable
biology
the study of he living world
reproduce, genetic code,made of cells,…
8 characteristics of life
27 terms
Biology Honors Freshman
Element
Molecule
Atoms
Monomer
Group of the same kind of atoms which have specific properties
Two or more different atoms held together by covalent bonds
The basic unit of a chemical element
One subunit
Element
Group of the same kind of atoms which have specific properties
Molecule
Two or more different atoms held together by covalent bonds
Freshman Honors Biology Final (Magrino)
What is the plasma membrane most commo…
What are plasma membranes composed of?
What is selective permeability?
Glycoproteins are:
A fluid mosaic
A bi-layer of phospholipids with embedded and attached protei…
When membranes allow some substances to pass through more eas…
A protein with one or more short chains of sugars attached to…
What is the plasma membrane most commo…
A fluid mosaic
What are plasma membranes composed of?
A bi-layer of phospholipids with embedded and attached protei…
Freshman Biology Honors Exam Review
Aerobic
Aerobic respiration
Age Structure Graph
Alleles
Process that requires oxygen
Catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant a…
A graph that shows the proportion of people in different age…
The different forms of a gene
Aerobic
Process that requires oxygen
Aerobic respiration
Catabolic pathway in which oxygen is consumed as a reactant a…
36 terms
Freshman Year: Honors Biology: Meiosis
Somatic Cells
Gametes
n
Male gamete
"body" cells and contain the normal number of chromosomes...c…
"sex" cells and contain only 1/2 the normal number of chromos…
number of chromosomes in the set...2n means 2 chromosomes
the sperm and is produced in the male gonad the testes
Somatic Cells
"body" cells and contain the normal number of chromosomes...c…
Gametes
"sex" cells and contain only 1/2 the normal number of chromos…
34 terms
Freshman Year: Honors Biology: Classification
Classification
Taxonomy
Aristotle (384-322 BC)
Aristotle's classification, plants
The grouping of objects or information based similarities
The branch of biology that groups and names organisms based o…
Developed the first system of biological classification
Herbs, shrubs, trees
Classification
The grouping of objects or information based similarities
Taxonomy
The branch of biology that groups and names organisms based o…
121 terms
Honors Biology final Freshman year
what are subatomic particles?
if an atom contains 3 protons, 4 neutr…
Isotopes are atoms of the same element…
A substance formed by the chemical joi…
particles that are smaller than an atom
7
neutrons
compound
what are subatomic particles?
particles that are smaller than an atom
if an atom contains 3 protons, 4 neutr…
7
Freshman Honors Biology-Chapter 9
Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Green or yellow
Purple of white
The science of inheritance or heredity
Father of genetics
Seed color variations
Flower color variations
Genetics
The science of inheritance or heredity
Gregor Mendel
Father of genetics
Freshman Honors .1 Biology Final Exam
Chapter 7 - Transport Systems... Transpo…
Chapter 7 - Transport Systems... Homeost…
Chapter 7 - Transport Systems... Insects
Chapter 7 - Transport Systems... Earthworm
Maintain homeostasis by giving nutrients and eliminating wastes
Internal Balance
Open circulatory system (mix of oxygenated and de-oxygenated…
Closed circulatory system (Blood vessels)
Chapter 7 - Transport Systems... Transpo…
Maintain homeostasis by giving nutrients and eliminating wastes
Chapter 7 - Transport Systems... Homeost…
Internal Balance
24 terms
Root Words- Honors Biology (Freshman)
a, an-
ab-
ac-, ad-
-acues; aceous
no; lacking; none
away from, out from
to; toward
of or pertaining to
a, an-
no; lacking; none
ab-
away from, out from
8 terms
Freshman Honors Biology chapter 2
Atomic number
Neutron
Electron
Atomic mass
Total protons in an atom
Same size as a proton
About 1/1840 the mass of a proton--participates in chemical b…
Roughly the mass of all protons in an atom's nucleus plus the…
Atomic number
Total protons in an atom
Neutron
Same size as a proton
33 terms
Freshman Honors Biology chapter 7
cell wall
centriole
chloroplast
cytoplasm
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane
structure in animal cell that helps to organize cell division
found in plants captures energy from sun turns it into chemic…
fluid portion of the cell outside the nucleus
cell wall
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane
centriole
structure in animal cell that helps to organize cell division
Freshman Honors Biology chapter 7
cell wall
centriole
chloroplast
cytoplasm
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane
structure in animal cell that helps to organize cell division
found in plants captures energy from sun turns it into chemic…
fluid portion of the cell outside the nucleus
cell wall
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane
centriole
structure in animal cell that helps to organize cell division
43 terms
Freshman Honors Biology- Chapter 3
All contain the element carbon and at…
May contain carbon but generally don't…
Most important inorganic compound
It has oppositly charged ends or poles…
Organic
Inorganic
Water
Polarity
All contain the element carbon and at…
Organic
May contain carbon but generally don't…
Inorganic
240 terms
Freshman Honors Biology Final DOYLE
What is the plasma membrane most commo…
What are plasma membranes composed of?
What is selective permeability?
Glycoproteins are:
A fluid mosaic
A bi-layer of phospholipids with embedded and attached protei…
When membranes allow some substances to pass through more eas…
A protein with one or more short chains of sugars attached to…
What is the plasma membrane most commo…
A fluid mosaic
What are plasma membranes composed of?
A bi-layer of phospholipids with embedded and attached protei…
Honors Freshman Biology- Protein Synthesis
protein synthesis
purine
pyrimidine
ribosome
the process of making proteins
one kind of nitrogen-containing base that consist of a six-me…
one kind of nitrogen-containing base that have only a six-mem…
they bind mRNA and tRNA to synthesize proteins
protein synthesis
the process of making proteins
purine
one kind of nitrogen-containing base that consist of a six-me…
freshman Honors Biology Chapter 18 - Classification
binomial nomenclature
genus
systematics
taxa
classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
group of similar species
the science of naming and grouping organisms
group or level of organization into which organisms are class…
binomial nomenclature
classification system in which each species is assigned a two…
genus
group of similar species
34 terms
Honors freshman biology- chapter 12- DNA
Griffith
Griffith
Chargaff
Hershey and Chase
Used pneumonia causing bacteria on mice
concluded that transformation changed harmless bacteria into…
Determined that the percents in adenine are equal to thymine
tested protein vs. DNA with bacteriophages
Griffith
Used pneumonia causing bacteria on mice
Griffith
concluded that transformation changed harmless bacteria into…
42 terms
Honors Biology MKHS Freshman Year '15-'16
sudan III
iodine
Benedict's solution
Biuret reagent
this stain is used to test for lipids and will form a bright…
this solution will turn from yellow brown to blue&black in th…
this solution will turn from blue to: green, yellow, orange,…
changes from yellow to blue-violet in presence of protein
sudan III
this stain is used to test for lipids and will form a bright…
iodine
this solution will turn from yellow brown to blue&black in th…
23 terms
Freshman Honors Biology // Chapter 9 Mendelian Genetics
Gregor Mendel
2 reasons pea plants were a good subje…
Self-pollinating
Purebred
a scientist from the 1800's who studied genetics and heredity…
- they exhibited 7 visible characteristics... - each characteris…
plants that fertilize themselves / this process allows for pu…
plants that self-pollinate to produce an offspring with the s…
Gregor Mendel
a scientist from the 1800's who studied genetics and heredity…
2 reasons pea plants were a good subje…
- they exhibited 7 visible characteristics... - each characteris…
56 terms
Freshman Honors Biology // Chapter 3 Biochemistry
Organic Compound
Inorganic Compound
Water
Polarity
these all contain the elements Carbon and Hydrogen
these generally don't include Carbon, but may
the most important inorganic compound
oppositely charged ends of a water molecule, where the oxygen…
Organic Compound
these all contain the elements Carbon and Hydrogen
Inorganic Compound
these generally don't include Carbon, but may
46 terms
Freshman Honors Biology // Chapter 2 Basic Chemistry
Matter
Mass
Weight
Atom
anything that has volume and has mass
a measure of the quantity of matter (does not vary due to out…
measure of gravitational pull on a mass
the fundamental units of all matter
Matter
anything that has volume and has mass
Mass
a measure of the quantity of matter (does not vary due to out…
honors freshman biology final exam review
science
observation
hypothesis
controlled experiment
an organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural…
the process of gathering information about events or processe…
possible explanation for a set of observations or possible an…
an experiment in which only one variable is manipulated at a…
science
an organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural…
observation
the process of gathering information about events or processe…
44 terms
Freshman Honors Biology // Chapter 4 Cell Anatomy
Robert Hooke
Leeuwenhoek
Matthias Schleiden
Theodore Schwann
observed dead empty cork cells which reminded him of Monk roo…
first to observe information on living cells
botanist who concluded that all plants are composed of cells
zoologist who concluded that all animals are composed of cells
Robert Hooke
observed dead empty cork cells which reminded him of Monk roo…
Leeuwenhoek
first to observe information on living cells
35 terms
Westlake high school/ /Freshman //Honors Biology/ /evolution test
evolution
natural selection
fossils
transitional forms
the process by which different kinds of living organisms are…
the process whereby organisms better adapted to their environ…
the remains or impression of a prehistoric organism preserved…
Fossils or organisms that show the intermediate states betwee…
evolution
the process by which different kinds of living organisms are…
natural selection
the process whereby organisms better adapted to their environ…
51 terms
Freshman Honors Biology // Chapter 8 Cell Reproduction
2 reasons cells cell division occurs
Cell Cycle
3 major events in the cell cycle
Interphase
- to replace cells that are injured due to a break, cut, etc.…
the sequence of events that occur in the life of a cell from…
- interphase... - mitosis... - cytokinesis
mainly a period of cell growth and DNA replication. a cell sp…
2 reasons cells cell division occurs
- to replace cells that are injured due to a break, cut, etc.…
Cell Cycle
the sequence of events that occur in the life of a cell from…
32 terms
Freshman Honors Biology // Chapter 10 Nucleic Acids
Griffith
2 Strains of Bacteria Grown by Griffith
Transformation
Avery
in 1928, he attempted to develop a pneumonia vaccine by growi…
S-strain and R-strain
the passing of the dead S-strain DNA that changed the previou…
in 1940, he used enzymes to destroy proteins, lipids, carbs,…
Griffith
in 1928, he attempted to develop a pneumonia vaccine by growi…
2 Strains of Bacteria Grown by Griffith
S-strain and R-strain
127 terms
Honors biology freshman year final study set
Information overload of the cell
Why is cell size limited
Define cell division
Define asexual reproduction
-Living cells store critical information in a molecule known…
It's limited because the cell membrane can only allow so much…
The process in which a cell divides into two daughter cells…
The production of genetically identical offspring from a sing…
Information overload of the cell
-Living cells store critical information in a molecule known…
Why is cell size limited
It's limited because the cell membrane can only allow so much…
216 terms
honors freshman biology final exam review
science
observation
hypothesis
controlled experiment
an organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural…
the process of gathering information about events or processe…
possible explanation for a set of observations or possible an…
an experiment in which only one variable is manipulated at a…
science
an organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural…
observation
the process of gathering information about events or processe…
GHS- Freshman: Biology Honors Semester Exam 2016
A theory is a general principle or bod…
Steps to the Scientific method
Independent variable
Dependent variable
What is the difference between theory, law, and hypothesis
Purpose/question, research, hypothesis, experiment, data/anal…
A variable whose variation does not depend on that of another
A variable who value depends on that of another
A theory is a general principle or bod…
What is the difference between theory, law, and hypothesis
Steps to the Scientific method
Purpose/question, research, hypothesis, experiment, data/anal…
143 terms
Freshman Honors Biology Semester 1 Exam
hypothesis
Dependent (Responding) Variables
Independent (Manipulated) Variables
Control Groups
Forms of educated guesses that may help in the future
the variable that changes according to the independent variable
The variable that is changed in an experiment- controlled by…
The group that doesn't get changed it shows how much the othe…
hypothesis
Forms of educated guesses that may help in the future
Dependent (Responding) Variables
the variable that changes according to the independent variable
12 terms
Freshman Year: Honors Biology: Primate Evolution
Primate
Primate Characteristics (8)
How do scientists figure out primate o…
Types of Strepsirrhines
A group of mammals that includes lemurs, monkeys, apes, and h…
1. Large brain to body size... 2. Arboreal (live in trees)... 3. Fl…
Use fossil evidence, comparative anatomy, and genatic and bio…
Lemurs, lorises, pottos, galagos, aye ayes
Primate
A group of mammals that includes lemurs, monkeys, apes, and h…
Primate Characteristics (8)
1. Large brain to body size... 2. Arboreal (live in trees)... 3. Fl…
Biology Honors Freshman GBS DNA and Protein Synthesis
Nucleus
Ribosome
Endoplasmic Recticulum
Golgi apparatus
Inside of cell
Site of protein Synthesis
Where ribosomes are before exiting cell
Where proteins go when they need to exit the cell
Nucleus
Inside of cell
Ribosome
Site of protein Synthesis
63 terms
Freshman Honors Biology (Lahser; Semester 1 Final)
Scientific Method
Variable
Hypothesis
Theory
a series of steps followed to solve problems including collec…
A factor that can change in an experiment
possible explanation for a set of observations or possible an…
idea that explains something and is supported by data, but no…
Scientific Method
a series of steps followed to solve problems including collec…
Variable
A factor that can change in an experiment
28 terms
Freshman Honors Biology // Chapter 5 Homeostasis and Transport
Homeostasis
Simple Diffusion
Diffusion
Concentration Gradient
maintaining steady, constant internal conditions
the simplest method by which homeostasis is maintained
the movement of substances down from areas of high concentrat…
the difference in concentration of a substance across a space…
Homeostasis
maintaining steady, constant internal conditions
Simple Diffusion
the simplest method by which homeostasis is maintained
47 terms
Freshman Year: Honors Biology: Chapters 14-15
Spontaneous Generation
Biogenesis
Redi
Pasteur
meat made maggots... mud produced fish... grain made mice
Living organisms only come from living organisms
Disproved spontaneous generation of large organisms
Disproved spontaneous generation of microorganisms
Spontaneous Generation
meat made maggots... mud produced fish... grain made mice
Biogenesis
Living organisms only come from living organisms
LWE Freshman Honors Biology - Semester 1 Vocab
Ecology
Biosphere
Species
Population
The scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
Part of Earth in which life exists, including land, water, an…
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
A group of individuals of the same species that live in the s…
Ecology
The scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
Biosphere
Part of Earth in which life exists, including land, water, an…
LWE Freshman Honors Biology-Semester 1 Trivia
Cell, Tissue, Organ, Organ System, Org…
8
1) Made of cells. 2) Have internal org…
Growth is how an organism increase in…
What are the levels or organization from smallest to biggest?
How many characteristics of life are there?
Name all characteristics of life.
What is the difference between growth and development?
Cell, Tissue, Organ, Organ System, Org…
What are the levels or organization from smallest to biggest?
8
How many characteristics of life are there?
26 terms
Freshman Honors Biology // Chapter 10 Nucleic Acids
Griffith
2 Strains of Bacteria Grown by Griffith
Transformation
Avery
in 1928, he attempted to develop a pneumonia vaccine by growi…
S-strain and R-strain
the passing of the dead S-strain DNA that changed the previou…
in 1940, he used enzymes to destroy proteins, lipids, carbs,…
Griffith
in 1928, he attempted to develop a pneumonia vaccine by growi…
2 Strains of Bacteria Grown by Griffith
S-strain and R-strain
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