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Study sets matching "honors biology i chemistry"

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Study sets matching "honors biology i chemistry"

29 terms
biology 1 (honors) : chapter 6 : chemistry in biology
atoms
where are neutrons and protons located ?
protons
neutrons
the building blocks of matter
in the center of the atom... (nucleus)
positively changed particles
particles that have no charge
atoms
the building blocks of matter
where are neutrons and protons located ?
in the center of the atom... (nucleus)
36 terms
Biology 1 Honors: Chemistry
What are the 4 organic compounds
What is the monomer for carbohydrates
What is the function of carbohydrates
What is the caloric value for lipids
Proteins... Lipids... Carbohydrates... Nucleic Acids
Monosaccharides
Structure plant cells, fungal cells, some animals use carbohy…
9 calories
What are the 4 organic compounds
Proteins... Lipids... Carbohydrates... Nucleic Acids
What is the monomer for carbohydrates
Monosaccharides
85 terms
Honors Biology Chemistry Quizlet
Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
The stuff of the universe
has a definite shape and volume
has a definite volume and changeable shape
no definite shape and volume
Matter
The stuff of the universe
Solid
has a definite shape and volume
58 terms
Honors Biology 1: Organic Chemistry
Organic chemistry
Macromolecule
Monomer
Polymer
The branch of chemistry that focuses on carbon-based molecules
Large complex organic molecules
single molecule
2 or more monomers
Organic chemistry
The branch of chemistry that focuses on carbon-based molecules
Macromolecule
Large complex organic molecules
74 terms
Organic Chemistry Biology Honors 1
Inorganic Compounds and Natural Elements
Sponch Elements
Trace Elements
Trace elements play a vital importance…
are the raw substances from witch living organisms build the…
Most common elements needed by living things.... "Building blocks"
:Minerals, Small quantities
(Metabolism) regulation of body functions
Inorganic Compounds and Natural Elements
are the raw substances from witch living organisms build the…
Sponch Elements
Most common elements needed by living things.... "Building blocks"
36 terms
Honors Biology- Chapter 1 Chemistry
organisms
biochemistry
atoms
molecules
living things were found to be composed of chemicals, underst…
the chemistry of living organisms
the simplest unit of an element that still has chemical prope…
made of atoms that are chemically combined... Ex: O2, H2
organisms
living things were found to be composed of chemicals, underst…
biochemistry
the chemistry of living organisms
36 terms
Honors Biology- Chapter 1 Chemistry
organisms
Biochemistry
atoms
molecules
living things were found to be composed of chemicals, underst…
the chemistry of living organisms
the simplest unit of an element that still has chemical prope…
made of atoms that are chemically combined... Ex: O2, H2
organisms
living things were found to be composed of chemicals, underst…
Biochemistry
the chemistry of living organisms
17 terms
Biology Honors Test #1 (Organic & Inorganic Chemistry)
Organic
Methane
Ethane
Alkanes
It's ____________ if it's carbon-based and biological.
The formula for ____________ is CH4.
The formula for ____________ is C2H6.
____________ have single bonds with carbon.
Organic
It's ____________ if it's carbon-based and biological.
Methane
The formula for ____________ is CH4.
45 terms
Biology Honors Test 1 (Chemistry Review)
Molar Mass
Ammonium
Acetate
Perchlorate
To find the __________ of a polyatomic atom you have to do th…
NH4+1
C2H3O2-1
ClO4-1
Molar Mass
To find the __________ of a polyatomic atom you have to do th…
Ammonium
NH4+1
49 terms
Biology Honors-Bio Chemistry
Cohesion
Adhesion
Surface Tension
Heat vs. Temperature
the tendency for molecules to stick together
the clinging of one substance to another
a measure of how difficult it is the stretch or break the sur…
the amount of energy associated with the movement of atoms an…
Cohesion
the tendency for molecules to stick together
Adhesion
the clinging of one substance to another
Biology 1 Honors: Quiz 2 - Chemistry Concepts
H₂O
O₂
H₂
HCL
Water
Oxygen Gas
Hydrogen Gas
Hydraulic Acid
H₂O
Water
O₂
Oxygen Gas
85 terms
Honors Biology Chemistry Quizlet
Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
The stuff of the universe
has a definite shape and volume
has a definite volume and changeable shape
no definite shape and volume
Matter
The stuff of the universe
Solid
has a definite shape and volume
109 terms
Biology Honors Unit 1: The Chemistry of Life
Trace Element
Free Energy
Atoms
Molecules
needed in small quantities by all living organisms for health…
energy within the system
smallest unit of matter retaining the properties of its respe…
two or more atoms bonded together
Trace Element
needed in small quantities by all living organisms for health…
Free Energy
energy within the system
31 terms
Basic Chemistry-Biology Honors
Element
Symbols
Most Common Elements in Living Things…
Atom
A single substance that cannot be broken down into any other…
each element is represented by a symbol
Carbon C ... Hydrogen H... Oxygen O... Nitrogen N... Phosphorous P... Sulfur S
the smallest unit (particle) of a substance
Element
A single substance that cannot be broken down into any other…
Symbols
each element is represented by a symbol
41 terms
Chemistry of Life - Honors Biology
atom
subatomic particles
element
compound
the smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down by che…
protons, neutrons, and electrons
a pure substance made of only one kind of atom and represente…
substances made up of two or more atoms of different elements
atom
the smallest unit of matter that cannot be broken down by che…
subatomic particles
protons, neutrons, and electrons
46 terms
HONORS BIOLOGY: ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Saturated
Lactose
Carbohydrate
Hydrolysis
Type of fatty acid; single bonds making them solid at room te…
Milk sugar
*Consists of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; includes polysacch…
*Addition of water molecules... *Used to disassemble polymers in…
Saturated
Type of fatty acid; single bonds making them solid at room te…
Lactose
Milk sugar
121 terms
Honors Biology: The Chemistry of Life (Ch. 1)
Molecule
Element
Atom
Subatomic
The smallest unit of a compound; composed of atoms convalentl…
A substance composed of atoms that are chemically identical,…
The smallest particle of an element that retains the properti…
Referring to small particles that make up atoms, including pr…
Molecule
The smallest unit of a compound; composed of atoms convalentl…
Element
A substance composed of atoms that are chemically identical,…
31 terms
Biology I Honors: Chemistry Review #1
Atom
Element
About how many elements are in the per…
What is the human body composed of?
Basic unit of matter
Made of many identical atoms
118
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
Atom
Basic unit of matter
Element
Made of many identical atoms
31 terms
Honors Biology Chemistry Vocabulary
Acids
Adhesion
Atom
Atomic Number
a molecule or other entity that can donate a proton or accept…
an abnormal union of membranous surfaces due to inflammation…
The basic unit of a chemical element
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom,which determi…
Acids
a molecule or other entity that can donate a proton or accept…
Adhesion
an abnormal union of membranous surfaces due to inflammation…
85 terms
Honors Biology Chemistry Quizlet
Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
The stuff of the universe
has a definite shape and volume
has a definite volume and changeable shape
no definite shape and volume
Matter
The stuff of the universe
Solid
has a definite shape and volume
21 terms
Biology Honors - Chemistry of Life
atom
chemical compound
chemical reaction
chemical substance
The smallest particle of an element that still characterizes…
Unique substance with a fixed composition that forms when ato…
A process that changes some chemical substances into other ch…
A material that has a definite chemical composition; may be a…
atom
The smallest particle of an element that still characterizes…
chemical compound
Unique substance with a fixed composition that forms when ato…
Honors Biology 1- Chemistry Quiz #1
Matter
Element
What do all elements have and what are…
Energy
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A substance made up of only one type of atom and cannot be br…
Unique characteristics; determined largely by the type of ato…
Ability to do work
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Element
A substance made up of only one type of atom and cannot be br…
32 terms
Honors Biology Chemistry Review
Atom
Element
Molecular Compound
Ionic Compound
Basic unit of matter ex: hydrogen atom
A pure substance that only contains one type of atom ex: hydr…
A compound without a metal ex: H2O
A compound with a metal ex: FeBr3
Atom
Basic unit of matter ex: hydrogen atom
Element
A pure substance that only contains one type of atom ex: hydr…
58 terms
Honors Biology Unit 3 Chemistry
Matter
Element
Trace Elements
Compound
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
an element indispensable for life but required in extremely m…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
34 terms
Biology Honors Chemistry Labs
Molecule
Electrons
Protons
Neutrons
Two or more atoms sharing electrons (Travel around the nucleu…
Have a negative charge and orbit around the protons and neutr…
Positively charged... Inside nucleus... Have mass: 1 AMU
No charge... Inside Nucleus... Have mass: 1 AMU
Molecule
Two or more atoms sharing electrons (Travel around the nucleu…
Electrons
Have a negative charge and orbit around the protons and neutr…
85 terms
Biology Honors 2.01 chemistry of life
polymers
There are four categories of biologica…
Monosaccharides
Which monosaccharide is important for…
polymers are large molecules composed of many identical or si…
Carbohydrates... lipids... proteins... nucleic acid
monosaccharides is the smallest type of carbohydrates
Glucose
polymers
polymers are large molecules composed of many identical or si…
There are four categories of biologica…
Carbohydrates... lipids... proteins... nucleic acid
47 terms
Honors Bio 1 Chemistry
Democritus
Protons
Neutrons
Electrons
Developed an atomic theory of the universe
Positively charged particle located within the nucleus
Neutrally charged particle located within the nucleus
Very small, negatively charged particle found outside the nuc…
Democritus
Developed an atomic theory of the universe
Protons
Positively charged particle located within the nucleus
150 terms
honors biology biochemistry/chemistry
element?
what are the 4 main elements that make…
trace elements
what are the top true trace elements?
a pure substance that can not be broken down into other subst…
hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon
vital to life, but need less than 1%
calcium and phosphorus
element?
a pure substance that can not be broken down into other subst…
what are the 4 main elements that make…
hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon
55 terms
Biology Honors Unit 1.2 BioChemistry
Matter
Mass
Atom
Proton
anything which has mass and occupies space
measure the amount of matter
smallest amount of an element that can exist
positively charged, found in the nucleus, 1amu
Matter
anything which has mass and occupies space
Mass
measure the amount of matter
58 terms
honors biology ch. 2 chemistry
Atom
Proton
Neutron
Electron
base unit of matter made up of protons, neutrons, and electrons
positive charge found in the nucleus
neutral charge found in the nucleus
has a negative charge and is much smaller than the other two…
Atom
base unit of matter made up of protons, neutrons, and electrons
Proton
positive charge found in the nucleus
16 terms
Honors Biology - Chemistry
Element
Atomic Number
Compounds
Subatomic Particles
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
= number of protons = number of electrons
Consists of 2 or more different elements combined in fixed ra…
Protons, neutrons, and electrons. Contributes to the reactivi…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
Atomic Number
= number of protons = number of electrons
28 terms
Unit 1: Science skills & Chemistry of life Honors Biology
1. Observation
2. Hypothesis
3. Independent variable
4. Dependent variable
orderly, direct information gathering about a natural phenome…
testable explanation of a situation.
the one factor that can be changed in a controlled experiment…
factor being measured in a controlled experiment; its value c…
1. Observation
orderly, direct information gathering about a natural phenome…
2. Hypothesis
testable explanation of a situation.
107 terms
Semester 1 Biology Review (Honors)
monomer
polymer
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
one part
many parts
monomer of a carbohydrate
polymer of a carbohydrate
monomer
one part
polymer
many parts
21 terms
Honors Biology Chemistry Vocab
Atom
Atomic Mass
Atomic Number
Bohr Model
The smallest unit of a chemical element. It is a neutral subs…
The number of protons plus the number of neutrons. P + N = At…
The number of protons in an atom (also electrons)
Diagrams that show the protons, neutrons, and electrons in en…
Atom
The smallest unit of a chemical element. It is a neutral subs…
Atomic Mass
The number of protons plus the number of neutrons. P + N = At…
21 terms
Honors Biology: Intro to Chemistry
Atom
Subatomic Particles
Element
Compound
The smallest unit of matter
Smaller particles inside an atom; protons, neutrons and elect…
A pure substance made of 1 type of atom
Pure substance in which 2 or more elements are chemically com…
Atom
The smallest unit of matter
Subatomic Particles
Smaller particles inside an atom; protons, neutrons and elect…
23 terms
Honors Biology- Chemistry Review
Atoms
Nucleus
protons
electrons
most basic unit of matter that retain chemical properties
center of atom made up of protons and neutrons
positively charged subatomic particle of the nucleus
negatively charged particles in constant motion around the nu…
Atoms
most basic unit of matter that retain chemical properties
Nucleus
center of atom made up of protons and neutrons
183 terms
Honors Biology Chemistry Vocab
solid
liquid
gas
atom
object that has definite volume and shape
object that has definite volume but shape changes
substance that has no shape or volume, particles not linked a…
basic building block of matter; smallest particle that retain…
solid
object that has definite volume and shape
liquid
object that has definite volume but shape changes
132 terms
Honors Biology Unit 3 Chemistry
chemicals
what are the lowest level of biologica…
how is life's chemistry tied to water?
matter
raw materials that make up our bodies, the bodies of other or…
atoms and molecules
•life first evolved in water... •all living organisms require wa…
•anything that occupies space and has mass (weight)... •composed…
chemicals
raw materials that make up our bodies, the bodies of other or…
what are the lowest level of biologica…
atoms and molecules
31 terms
Honors Biology-Chemistry
Acids
Atoms
Bases
Buffers
Usually taste sour, turns litmus paper red, reacts with metal…
The actual basic unit of matter, composed of protons, neutron…
Almost always ends OH because of the excess of hydroxide ions…
When pH is beyond normal limits, weak acids and bases are int…
Acids
Usually taste sour, turns litmus paper red, reacts with metal…
Atoms
The actual basic unit of matter, composed of protons, neutron…
24 terms
Honors Biology- Chemistry Unit
monomers
polymers
dehydration synthesis
monosaccharides
one sugar
several repeating subunits of monomers
1. HO-1-2-3-H HO-4-H = H2O... 2. HO-1-2-3-4-H... -make and break p…
-carbohydrate monomer (single unit sugar)... -glucose, fructose,…
monomers
one sugar
polymers
several repeating subunits of monomers
78 terms
HONORS BIOLOGY TEST CHEMISTRY
Element
Atom
Atom
Atom
Simplest form of a substance- cannot be broken down any furth…
The actual basic unit of matter- composed of protons, neutron…
Just like cells are the basic unit of life, the ___ is the ba…
They are very small. If placed side by side one million would…
Element
Simplest form of a substance- cannot be broken down any furth…
Atom
The actual basic unit of matter- composed of protons, neutron…
34 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2 Chemistry
Atom
Element
Name the trace elements
Compound
the smallest object that retains properties of an elelment
substance consisting of atoms which all have the same number…
Iron, Maganese, Zinc, Copper, Iodine
substance formed when two or maore chemical elements are chem…
Atom
the smallest object that retains properties of an elelment
Element
substance consisting of atoms which all have the same number…
78 terms
HONORS BIOLOGY TEST CHEMISTRY
Element
Atom
Atom
Atom
Simplest form of a substance- cannot be broken down any furth…
The actual basic unit of matter- composed of protons, neutron…
Just like cells are the basic unit of life, the ___ is the ba…
They are very small. If placed side by side one million would…
Element
Simplest form of a substance- cannot be broken down any furth…
Atom
The actual basic unit of matter- composed of protons, neutron…
17 terms
Honors Biology: Chemistry of Life
matter
atoms
elements
atomic number
anything that occupies space
smallest unit of matter
made of one type of atom
number of protons in nucleus; 1/2 mass
matter
anything that occupies space
atoms
smallest unit of matter
48 terms
HONORS BIOLOGY TEST: CHEMISTRY
Acids
Sour
Red
Acids
Always (almost) begin with the letter H because the excess of…
Acids usually taste _____.
Acids turn litmus paper _____.
Usually have a pH level below 7.
Acids
Always (almost) begin with the letter H because the excess of…
Sour
Acids usually taste _____.
16 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2 - The Chemistry of Life
enzyme
protein
lipid
carbohydrate
specialized proteins that act as catalysts to speed up chemic…
an organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
an organic compound, including fats, phospholipids, and stero…
organic compound made of sugar molecules
enzyme
specialized proteins that act as catalysts to speed up chemic…
protein
an organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
35 terms
Biology Honors Basic Chemistry
matter
chemical elements
compounds
relative size, location, and electrica…
anything that occupies space and has mass
substances that cannot be broken down into other substances.
substances that contain 2 or more elements in a fixed ratio.
about the same size of a neutron, positive, nucleus
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
chemical elements
substances that cannot be broken down into other substances.
75 terms
The Chemistry of Life Honors Biology
Matter
Element
Life elements
Isotopes
All things with mass are composed of this. Made up of atoms,…
Pure substance made of one type of atom
The two dozen elements found in living things. 96% of cells a…
Atoms of the same element differing in number of neutrons, th…
Matter
All things with mass are composed of this. Made up of atoms,…
Element
Pure substance made of one type of atom
46 terms
Honors Biology: Chemistry of Life
matter
mass
element
protons
anything thay occupies space and has mass (touch, taste, feel…
quantity of matter an object has
made of a single kind of atom and cannot be broken down by ch…
positively charged
matter
anything thay occupies space and has mass (touch, taste, feel…
mass
quantity of matter an object has
Bio Chemistry (Biology Honors)- Messina
carbon
organic chemistry
carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
nitrogen, phosphorus and sulfur
all living things are made of
the study of the compounds in all living things
what are the 3 elements found in all living things
what are 3 important elements often found in living things (n…
carbon
all living things are made of
organic chemistry
the study of the compounds in all living things
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