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Study sets matching "honors biology lab digestive system"

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Study sets matching "honors biology lab digestive system"

21 terms
Honors Biology: The Digestive System
Amylase
Pharynx
Esophagus
Peristalsis
enzyme released by salivary glands into oral cavity, begin to…
cavity at back of mouth that propels food down
muscular tube with cartilage rings that pushes the food (bolu…
rhythmic contraction of smooth (involuntary) muscle that forc…
Amylase
enzyme released by salivary glands into oral cavity, begin to…
Pharynx
cavity at back of mouth that propels food down
34 terms
Honors Biology: The Digestive System
Salivary Amylase
Pharynx
Esophagus
Peristalsis
enzyme released by salivary glands into oral cavity, digests…
where the food enters when we swallow;back of mouth that prop…
little to no digestion; connects the pharynx to the stomach;…
wave like contractions of smooth (involuntary) muscle that co…
Salivary Amylase
enzyme released by salivary glands into oral cavity, digests…
Pharynx
where the food enters when we swallow;back of mouth that prop…
12 terms
Honors Biology - Digestive System
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Where does chemical and mechanical dig…
What are the four aspects of nutrition…
to use teeth, saliva, and mucus to break down foods
when enzymes convert it to substances easy for the body to ab…
the stomach and mouth
ingestion- to take in... digestion- breaking down chemically... abs…
Mechanical Digestion
to use teeth, saliva, and mucus to break down foods
Chemical Digestion
when enzymes convert it to substances easy for the body to ab…
25 terms
Honors Biology Digestive system quiz
Teeth
Salivary Glands
Gall Bladder
Liver
Start of Mechanical Digestion
Softens food, PRODUCES ENZYMES that break down carbs
Stores Bile to break down lipids
Produces Bile and detoxifies blood
Teeth
Start of Mechanical Digestion
Salivary Glands
Softens food, PRODUCES ENZYMES that break down carbs
21 terms
Honors Biology Digestive System
Salivary Amylase
Carbohydrates
Mouth
Chemical and mechanical
Enzyme made in the salivary gland
Action of salivary amylase
Salivary amylase delivered to...
Digestion type in the mouth
Salivary Amylase
Enzyme made in the salivary gland
Carbohydrates
Action of salivary amylase
26 terms
honors biology digestive system
oral cavity
teeth
tongue
taste buds
where are the teeth and tongue located
what has different shapes that serve to slice and grind food
what contains taste buds
what detects chemicals in the food that is eaten
oral cavity
where are the teeth and tongue located
teeth
what has different shapes that serve to slice and grind food
26 terms
Honors Biology: Digestive system
autotroph
heterotroph
photosynthesis
chemosynthesis
synthesize nutrients from inorganic substances
cannot make their own food
plants use the sun's energy to make glucose
use chemicals to synthesize energy
autotroph
synthesize nutrients from inorganic substances
heterotroph
cannot make their own food
20 terms
Honors Biology: Digestive System
Teeth
Salivary Glands
Gall Bladder
Liver
mechanical digestion
softens food, produces enzymes
stores bile
proiduces bile, detoxifies blood
Teeth
mechanical digestion
Salivary Glands
softens food, produces enzymes
19 terms
Honors Biology Digestive Systems
The mouth/ general
The salivary gland/carbs
The stomach/general
The stomach/protein
Mechanically breaks up food
Turns starch into disaccharides with salivary amalayse
Secretes HCL which kills bacteria and breaks open cells. It a…
Converts HCL and pepsinogen into pepsin. Pepsin changes prote…
The mouth/ general
Mechanically breaks up food
The salivary gland/carbs
Turns starch into disaccharides with salivary amalayse
51 terms
Honors Biology: Digestive System Vocabulary
autotroph
chemosynthesis
heterotroph
ingestion
animals that synthesize nutrients from inorganic substances
bacteria that use chemicals to create energy
animals that can't make their own food
1st stage of digestion; food is brought into the body by eati…
autotroph
animals that synthesize nutrients from inorganic substances
chemosynthesis
bacteria that use chemicals to create energy
31 terms
Honors Biology Digestive System Review
Nutrient
Digestion
Calorie
Vitamins
A substance the body needs for energy, growth, repair and mai…
Process of breaking down food into molecules the body can use
Amount of heat energy required to raise the temperature of 1g…
Organic substances that are necessary, in trace amounts, for…
Nutrient
A substance the body needs for energy, growth, repair and mai…
Digestion
Process of breaking down food into molecules the body can use
19 terms
Biology Honors Digestive System terms
function
4 phases
ingestion
digestion
converts food into small molecules that can be used by cells
ingestion, digestion, absorption, elimination
the process of taking food into the digestive system
the breakdown of food (either mechanically or chemically) in…
function
converts food into small molecules that can be used by cells
4 phases
ingestion, digestion, absorption, elimination
27 terms
Honors Biology: Human Digestive System
Digestions is...
Lipids monomer are...
Proteins monomer are...
Carbohydrates monomer are...
Hydrolysis of organic molecules.
Fatty Acids.
Amino Acids.
Monosaccharides.
Digestions is...
Hydrolysis of organic molecules.
Lipids monomer are...
Fatty Acids.
9 terms
Honors Biology-the human digestive system
Mouth (oral cavity)
Esophagus
Epiglottis
Stomach
*ingestion of food... *physical digestion... *beginning of carbohyd…
*tube off the pharynx that contracts (called peristalsis) to…
*flap to cover trachea or airway
*breaks down food into a paste-like consistency... *contains hyd…
Mouth (oral cavity)
*ingestion of food... *physical digestion... *beginning of carbohyd…
Esophagus
*tube off the pharynx that contracts (called peristalsis) to…
127 terms
The Digestive System-- Champagne Biology Honors
Humans obtain _____ from food.
Food is raw material that the body use…
What are the 6 types of nutrients in f…
________ are polymers constructed from…
nutrients
tissue, cellular
carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, water
carbohydrates
Humans obtain _____ from food.
nutrients
Food is raw material that the body use…
tissue, cellular
44 terms
Digestive System: Honors Biology 2
In the capillary bed, the ______ relea…
In the capillary bed, the ______ absor…
The cells on the Arteriole side consum…
_____ __________ is expressed as parti…
arteriole, arterioles
venule
oxygen, carbon dioxide
Gas Concentration
In the capillary bed, the ______ relea…
arteriole, arterioles
In the capillary bed, the ______ absor…
venule
57 terms
Digestive and Respiratory System - Honors Biology
Describe chemical and mechanical diges…
Where does the GI tract begin?
What is the GI tract?
Which organs does the food NOT pass th…
Mechanical digestion is when food is physically chewed and br…
At the mouth and then winds through the body to the anus.
A long tube with an opening at each end that makes the digest…
The liver and pancreas
Describe chemical and mechanical diges…
Mechanical digestion is when food is physically chewed and br…
Where does the GI tract begin?
At the mouth and then winds through the body to the anus.
36 terms
Honors Bio Digestive system
Chemical digestion
Mechanical digestion
Tongue
uvula
Enzymes break down food into smaller molecules
Physical breakdown of large pieces of food into smaller pieces
moves food over teeth
prevents food from entering nasal cavity
Chemical digestion
Enzymes break down food into smaller molecules
Mechanical digestion
Physical breakdown of large pieces of food into smaller pieces
24 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 30.3: The Digestive System
Ingestion
Digestion
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
getting food into the system thorugh the mouth
Breaking down food
Physical breakdown of food into smaller piecs (easier to proc…
nzymes break don food into small molecules that the body can…
Ingestion
getting food into the system thorugh the mouth
Digestion
Breaking down food
18 terms
Honors Spencer Digestive System
Function of Digestive System
Amylase
Mouth
Esophagus
Help convert foods into simpler molecules that can be absorbe…
Enzyme found in the saliva
Where carbohydrates BEGIN to break down
Tube that connects the mouth to the stomach
Function of Digestive System
Help convert foods into simpler molecules that can be absorbe…
Amylase
Enzyme found in the saliva
65 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 30: Digestive and Excretory Systems
What is the pricipal role of the excre…
Excretion
Skin
Lungs
The excretory system excretes metabolic wastes from the body
The process by which metabolic wates are eliminated from the…
excretes excess wate, salt, and very small amounts of urea
blood transports CO2 to the lungs, which exhale it (along wit…
What is the pricipal role of the excre…
The excretory system excretes metabolic wastes from the body
Excretion
The process by which metabolic wates are eliminated from the…
30 terms
Honors Biology- Digestive System Study Guide
Amylase
Protease
Lipase
Liver
Converts starches to simple sugars, breaks down carbohydrates
Enzyme that breaks down proteins
Enzyme that breaks down lipids
Produces bile, which helps break down fats
Amylase
Converts starches to simple sugars, breaks down carbohydrates
Protease
Enzyme that breaks down proteins
21 terms
Honors Biology Lap 4 The Digestive System
What are the four phases of digestion
Mouth
Salivary Glands
Pharynx
ingestion digestion absorption elimination
mechanical digestion- chewing with teeth... chemical digestion-…
secretes saliva
The area at the back of your throat
What are the four phases of digestion
ingestion digestion absorption elimination
Mouth
mechanical digestion- chewing with teeth... chemical digestion-…
33 terms
Digestive System and Cells Test-Honors Biology
Lipids>>>>>>>>>>>
Proteins>>>>>>>>>
Carbohydrates>>>>>>>>>>
Parts of the Digestive Tract
fatty acids
amino acids
monosaccharides
stomach, small intestine, large intestine
Lipids>>>>>>>>>>>
fatty acids
Proteins>>>>>>>>>
amino acids
58 terms
Honors Biology: Nutrition, the Digestive system, and the Excretory System
Major catogories of nutrients which we…
By which nutrients is most energy prov…
Energy in nutrients is measured in?
What do Carbohydrates provide
Carbohydrates... Proteins... Fats... Vitamins... Minerals... Water
Carbohydrates and fats
Calories
Quick energy
Major catogories of nutrients which we…
Carbohydrates... Proteins... Fats... Vitamins... Minerals... Water
By which nutrients is most energy prov…
Carbohydrates and fats
19 terms
Honors Biology Digestive System/Cells Study
Know how to name parts of the body whe…
Who discovered cells?
Who was the first person to see a livi…
What are all living things made out of?
...
Robert Hooke
Anton Van Leewenhoek
Cells
Know how to name parts of the body whe…
...
Who discovered cells?
Robert Hooke
20 terms
ND Honors Biology - Digestive System Vocabulary
Visceral pleura
Peritoneal cavity
Parietal Peritoneum
Mesentery
The lungs are covered in a thin serous membrane known as the…
The potential space between the parietal and the visceral per…
The portion of the largest serous membrane in the body that l…
A membranous fold attaching an organ to the body wall.
Visceral pleura
The lungs are covered in a thin serous membrane known as the…
Peritoneal cavity
The potential space between the parietal and the visceral per…
13 terms
Honors Biology 1 chapter 48 DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
Digestion
Gastrointestinal tract
Saliva
Pharynx
The process of breaking down food into molecules the body can…
Digestion occurs in the __________________ ________, or diges…
Salivary glands produce __________, a mixture of water, mucus…
The _________, an open area that begins at the back of the mo…
Digestion
The process of breaking down food into molecules the body can…
Gastrointestinal tract
Digestion occurs in the __________________ ________, or diges…
20 terms
ND Honors Biology - Digestive System Vocabulary
Visceral pleura
Peritoneal cavity
Parietal Peritoneum
Mesentery
The lungs are covered in a thin serous membrane known as the…
The potential space between the parietal and the visceral per…
The portion of the largest serous membrane in the body that l…
A membranous fold attaching an organ to the body wall.
Visceral pleura
The lungs are covered in a thin serous membrane known as the…
Peritoneal cavity
The potential space between the parietal and the visceral per…
20 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 30.3: The Digestive System
Digestion
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Absorption
Breaking down food
Physical breakdown of food into smaller piecs (easier to proc…
nzymes break don food into small molecules that the body can…
absorption of molecules by the small intestines
Digestion
Breaking down food
Mechanical digestion
Physical breakdown of food into smaller piecs (easier to proc…
61 terms
Honors Bio: Digestive System
Pepsinogen is secreted by the stomach…
Pepsin and hydrochloric acid begin the…
Where are the proteins, carbohydrates,…
What is the function of the pancreas?
Pepsin
Proteins
Small Intestine
- Produce hormones that regulate the blood sugar levels... - Pro…
Pepsinogen is secreted by the stomach…
Pepsin
Pepsin and hydrochloric acid begin the…
Proteins
12 terms
ND Honors Biology - Pig Practical - Digestive System
Function of the Digestive System
Ingestion
Digestions
Absorption
• Converts food into small molecules that can be used by cell…
‣ Process of putting food into the mouth... • Opening to digesti…
‣ Breaking down of food... • Done in 2 ways... ◦ Mechanical Digesti…
‣ Small molecules are absorbed into the cells of small intest…
Function of the Digestive System
• Converts food into small molecules that can be used by cell…
Ingestion
‣ Process of putting food into the mouth... • Opening to digesti…
86 terms
Biology Honors: Digestive, Circulatory, and Respiration Systems
ingestion
digestion
absorbtion
elimination
the act of eating, or taking in food
the breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the bod…
the cells lining the digestive tract take up the small molecu…
the passage of undigested material out of the digestive tract
ingestion
the act of eating, or taking in food
digestion
the breakdown of food into molecules small enough for the bod…
23 terms
Biology Honors topic 20- the digestive system
3 categories of notritional modes
Peristalsis
Pathway of food down the body
Purpose of chewing
Herbavores, Carnivores, omnivores
Rythmic contractions of muscles in canal wall to push food do…
Mouth -pharynx-esophagus -stomach-small intestine - large int…
Easier swallow, increases surface area for chemical digesting
3 categories of notritional modes
Herbavores, Carnivores, omnivores
Peristalsis
Rythmic contractions of muscles in canal wall to push food do…
62 terms
Digestive System Honors Bio
autotroph
heterotrophs
digestion, process in humans
4 stages of digestion
synthesize nutrients from inorganic substances... i.e., photosy…
can't make their own food... herbivore, carnivore, omnivore.
food molecules are broken down into a usable form... breakdown…
1. Ingestion--food is brought into the body (eating, phagocyt…
autotroph
synthesize nutrients from inorganic substances... i.e., photosy…
heterotrophs
can't make their own food... herbivore, carnivore, omnivore.
40 terms
Digestive System Honors
Nutrition
Organic Nutrients
Inorganic Nutrients
Nutrients
The process by which organisms eat food and break it down so…
Proteins, carbohydrates, fats and vitamins
Minerals and water
Substances that provide energy and materials needed for metab…
Nutrition
The process by which organisms eat food and break it down so…
Organic Nutrients
Proteins, carbohydrates, fats and vitamins
17 terms
honors bio digestive system
esophagus
teeth
salivary glands
small intestine
muscular tube that connects/carries food from mouth to stomach
bony structures that grind and crush food mechanically
glands that produce solution that contains amylase
organ where most of chemical digestion and absorption takes p…
esophagus
muscular tube that connects/carries food from mouth to stomach
teeth
bony structures that grind and crush food mechanically
57 terms
Honors Bio: "Digestive System"
digestive system
gastrovascular cavity
1. thin and water: wet food 2. thick:…
sublingual
the inner tube
the internal body cavity of a cnidarian
2 types of saliva
salivary gland below the tongue
digestive system
the inner tube
gastrovascular cavity
the internal body cavity of a cnidarian
9 terms
Honors Bio Digestive System
Mouth
Esophogus
Stomach
Small intestine
Prepares food fir entey to the GI tract
Connects pharynx to stomach
Breaks down protein
Absorption of nutrients into blood
Mouth
Prepares food fir entey to the GI tract
Esophogus
Connects pharynx to stomach
38 terms
Bio Honors Digestive System Quiz
nutrition
ingestion
digestion
absorption
the process of obtaining raw materials from food (Concept 29.1)
the act of eating food or drinking; the first stage of food p…
mechanical and chemical breakdown of food into molecules smal…
uptake of small nutrient molecules; the third stage of food p…
nutrition
the process of obtaining raw materials from food (Concept 29.1)
ingestion
the act of eating food or drinking; the first stage of food p…
154 terms
Honors A&P Digestive System
What are the two main groups that the…
What are the organs of the alimentary…
What are the accessory organs?
Once food is received into the mouth,…
alimentary canal and accessory organs
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large in…
salivary glands, teeth, pancreas, liver, gallbladder
mechanical and chemical digestion
What are the two main groups that the…
alimentary canal and accessory organs
What are the organs of the alimentary…
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large in…
72 terms
Digestive System (Honors)
peristalsis
epiglottis
uvula
pharynx
the muscle contractions that push food through the digestive…
the thin flap of tissue that prevents food from entering the…
dangling thing on the soft palate that catches dirt and bacte…
between the mouth and esophagus
peristalsis
the muscle contractions that push food through the digestive…
epiglottis
the thin flap of tissue that prevents food from entering the…
18 terms
Honors Biology Key Terms "The Digestive System" (T17)
Pharynx
Epiglottis
Bolus
Peristalsis
...
...
...
...
Pharynx
...
Epiglottis
...
10 terms
Honors Bio: Digestive system
Intracellular
Extracellular
5 Phases of Food Processings
Where does carbohydrate digestion begin?
Occurs- within the cell; Plants
Occurs outside the cell; Animals and Fungi
Ingestion - Eat... Digestion - Break Down... Absorption - Diffuse... A…
Oral Cavity
Intracellular
Occurs- within the cell; Plants
Extracellular
Occurs outside the cell; Animals and Fungi
72 terms
HONORS ANATOMY: Digestive system
Oral Cavity
salivary glands
Tongue
Pharynx
cavity that receives food for digestion
secretes amylase and lingual lipase (both enzymes in saliva)
(accessory to digestion) aids in swallowing
An area in the vertebrate throat where air and food passages…
Oral Cavity
cavity that receives food for digestion
salivary glands
secretes amylase and lingual lipase (both enzymes in saliva)
67 terms
Honors Anatomy Digestive System
2 functions of digestive system
2 Main groups of Digestive Organs
What are the accessory organs?(5)
What organs are in the GI tract?(7)
-digestion ... -absorption
-GI Tract... -Accessory Organ
-Teeth... -salivary glands... -pancreas ... -liver ... -gallbladder
-mouth ... -esophagus ... -stomach ... -small intestine ... -large intest…
2 functions of digestive system
-digestion ... -absorption
2 Main groups of Digestive Organs
-GI Tract... -Accessory Organ
52 terms
Honors Biology I Chapter 48 Test: Digestive and Excretory System
Monosaccharide
Dehydration
Polysaccharide
Essential
Fructose, glucose, and galactose are examples of this nutrient
Process when water is drawn from the cells and the cytoplasm…
Starch and cellulose are examples of this nutrient
These types of amino acids must be obtained from foods; body…
Monosaccharide
Fructose, glucose, and galactose are examples of this nutrient
Dehydration
Process when water is drawn from the cells and the cytoplasm…
49 terms
Digestive System Honors Bio
Enzyme properties and functions
Activation energy
Substrate
Active Site
Made of proteins, serve as catalysts to speed up reactions, a…
The energy needed to start a chemical reaction
The reactant, or the thing the enzyme is acting upon to change
A highly specific part of the enzyme that only works on one t…
Enzyme properties and functions
Made of proteins, serve as catalysts to speed up reactions, a…
Activation energy
The energy needed to start a chemical reaction
34 terms
honors bio- digestive system
ingestion
digestion
absorption
elimination
first stage of food processing
mechanical and chemical breakdown of food
the uptake of small nutrient molecules
undigested material passes out of digestive track
ingestion
first stage of food processing
digestion
mechanical and chemical breakdown of food
37 terms
Honors Bio Digestive System
Active sites change due to:
Reaction speed:
Endothermic reaction
Exothermic reaction
Temperature or pH changes so substrate can't bind
Increased by increasing temperature or concentration
aka Anabolic(synthesis) combines small to large, uses free en…
aka Catabolic... (decomposition) large to small, releases free e…
Active sites change due to:
Temperature or pH changes so substrate can't bind
Reaction speed:
Increased by increasing temperature or concentration
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