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Study sets matching "honors biology plants"

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Study sets matching "honors biology plants"

73 terms
Honors Biology Plants Review
Where did plants originate from?
Why do plants need a stem?
Types of Plants
Alternation of Generations
Originated in water- transition from water to land... -Needed a…
To hold up the leaves... -Leaves receive sunlight to carry on ph…
-Gametophytes- make gametes... -Sporophytes- make spores
-Sporophyte- meiosis- spores... -Gametophyte- mitosis- gametes... -…
Where did plants originate from?
Originated in water- transition from water to land... -Needed a…
Why do plants need a stem?
To hold up the leaves... -Leaves receive sunlight to carry on ph…
58 terms
Honors Biology Fungi and Plants
Kingdom Protista:... Eukaryote or Prokary…
Kingdom Eubacteria:... Eukaryote or Proka…
Fungi: (K. Fungi)... Decomposers:... Heterot…
Fungi:... Motile or Nonmotile?... Cell wall?…
-Eukaryote... -Heterotroph: Protozoans: single, move... -Autotroph:…
-Prokaryote... -Mostly heterotrophic... -Single celled... -Cell wall:…
-Recycle Nutrients... -Heterotrophs: external digestion by secre…
-Non-motile... -Chitin... -Classified on reproductive structure... -Th…
Kingdom Protista:... Eukaryote or Prokary…
-Eukaryote... -Heterotroph: Protozoans: single, move... -Autotroph:…
Kingdom Eubacteria:... Eukaryote or Proka…
-Prokaryote... -Mostly heterotrophic... -Single celled... -Cell wall:…
Honors Biology - Plants
Plants
Alternation of Generations
Sporophyte
Gametophyte
Multicellular eukaryotes with cell walls made of cellulose. T…
Plants reproduce his way, and they switch from diploid to hap…
Diploid stage of the alternation of generations, produces spo…
Haploid stage of the alternation of generations, produces gam…
Plants
Multicellular eukaryotes with cell walls made of cellulose. T…
Alternation of Generations
Plants reproduce his way, and they switch from diploid to hap…
44 terms
honors biology plants unit
2 organ systems
roots
root hairs
stems
root and shoot
anchors plant, absorbs water and minerals from the soil, stor…
located on the roots, increase the surface area over which th…
above the ground, supports and separates leaves, transports f…
2 organ systems
root and shoot
roots
anchors plant, absorbs water and minerals from the soil, stor…
28 terms
Plants- Biology 1 Honors
Three types of tissue systems in plants:
Types of dermal tissue and their funct…
Types of vascular tissue and function
Types of ground tissue and function
dermal, vascular, ground
Epidermis- protects the leaf and prevents water loss (top and…
Xylem-water transport ... Phloem-food transport
Parenchyma- photosynthesis, food storage, healing and tissue…
Three types of tissue systems in plants:
dermal, vascular, ground
Types of dermal tissue and their funct…
Epidermis- protects the leaf and prevents water loss (top and…
46 terms
Honors Biology Plants Review
Sieve tubes
Lateral meristem
Rhizoid
Petiole
A column of phloem cells in a plant
Growth region of a plant that provides secondary growth, incr…
A thin, rootlike structure that anchors a moss and absorbs wa…
The stalk of a leaf, which joins the leaf to a node of the stem
Sieve tubes
A column of phloem cells in a plant
Lateral meristem
Growth region of a plant that provides secondary growth, incr…
66 terms
Plants Vocab // Honors Biology
Characteristics of all plants
Sporophyte
Gametophytes
Xylem
-multicellular... -eukaryotic... -cell walls of cellulose... -develop…
the mature plant (2n), which produces the gametophytes
a part of the sporophyte plant that produces haploid sex cells
moves water up through plant
Characteristics of all plants
-multicellular... -eukaryotic... -cell walls of cellulose... -develop…
Sporophyte
the mature plant (2n), which produces the gametophytes
61 terms
Biology Honors Plants
all plants can be placed into what two…
what are the two vascular tissues of p…
what is the function of mycorrhizae
how do plants that live away from the…
vascular and non-vascular
xylem transports water and phloem transports nutrients
mutalistic association betw fungus and the... roots of plants t…
have a cuticle that covers the nonfood... above ground parts
all plants can be placed into what two…
vascular and non-vascular
what are the two vascular tissues of p…
xylem transports water and phloem transports nutrients
53 terms
Honors Biology Plants
charophyceans
air and soil
roots, stems and leaves
roots
What is the closest living relatives of plants?
From what two locations do plants get nutrients?
What structural parts of a plant supply nutrients?
What plant structure supplies anchorage and obtains water and…
charophyceans
What is the closest living relatives of plants?
air and soil
From what two locations do plants get nutrients?
Biology Honors Plants
germination
seed
seed coat
radicle
the process in which a plant emerges from a seed and begins t…
a small, embryonic plant, enclosed in a seed coat, usually wi…
protects the embryo (it is hard, it protects what is undernea…
becomes the root
germination
the process in which a plant emerges from a seed and begins t…
seed
a small, embryonic plant, enclosed in a seed coat, usually wi…
Honors Biology Plants & Photosynthesis
Characteristics of the Plant Kingdom
Non-Vascular
Vascular Plants
Plant Structure
-Cell Wall with (made of) cellulose... -Photosynthetic (chloropl…
Contain no vascular tissue (water conducting tissue) therefor…
Contain vascular tissue and therefore they can conduct water…
3 Main Organs... Roots... Stems... Leaves
Characteristics of the Plant Kingdom
-Cell Wall with (made of) cellulose... -Photosynthetic (chloropl…
Non-Vascular
Contain no vascular tissue (water conducting tissue) therefor…
37 terms
Honors Biology Plants Part 1
plants
plant ecology
plant-animal interactions
cuticle
photosynthetic organisms that are a source for organic compou…
the study of the interactions between plants and the environm…
pollinators
waxy protective covering that helped plants from drying out
plants
photosynthetic organisms that are a source for organic compou…
plant ecology
the study of the interactions between plants and the environm…
41 terms
Plants Biology Honors
What are the four types of roots?
What are the three forces that bring w…
Mycorrhizae
Dermal Tissue
aerial, taproot, prop root, fibrous
capillary actions, transpiration, and root pressure
symbiotic relationship between fungi and plants
exterior protection of a plant
What are the four types of roots?
aerial, taproot, prop root, fibrous
What are the three forces that bring w…
capillary actions, transpiration, and root pressure
19 terms
PLANTS || honors biology
traits common to all plants
what group of green algae are probably…
derived characters that set plant apar…
alternation of generation
diverged from green algae, multicellular, nutrition by photos…
coleochate
alternation of generation, walled spores in sporangia, male a…
plants alternating between sporophyte and gametophyte generat…
traits common to all plants
diverged from green algae, multicellular, nutrition by photos…
what group of green algae are probably…
coleochate
34 terms
HONORS BIOLOGY - PLANTS
Where in the plant is the anther locat…
Where in the plant is the ovary locate…
Where in the plant is the ovule locate…
Where in the plant is the petal locate…
- located in the flower, on top of the stamen... - to produce po…
- located in the flower, lower rounded area of the pistil... - b…
- located in the flower, inside ovary (there can be one or ma…
- located around the pistil and stamen... - colorful part of the…
Where in the plant is the anther locat…
- located in the flower, on top of the stamen... - to produce po…
Where in the plant is the ovary locate…
- located in the flower, lower rounded area of the pistil... - b…
17 terms
Honors Biology Plants
What adaptations do plants have for li…
What do vascular plants have that non-…
What are some general characteristics…
What advantage did each group have ove…
Adaptations: roots, waxy cuticle, stomata, vascular tissue, l…
Vascular plants have vascular tissue which allows them to liv…
Mosses - nonvascular plant that must live near water... Ferns -…
Algae... Mosses - able to live on land... Ferns - has xylem and phl…
What adaptations do plants have for li…
Adaptations: roots, waxy cuticle, stomata, vascular tissue, l…
What do vascular plants have that non-…
Vascular plants have vascular tissue which allows them to liv…
89 terms
Honors Biology Fungi & Plants Review
What are the 5 kingdoms of life?
What is the difference between a proka…
What is the only unicellular fungus we…
What structure allows fungi to reprodu…
Animalia, plantae, fungi, Protista and bacteria (eubacteria a…
Eukaryotic cells have a nucleus and other membrane-bound orga…
Yeast
Spores
What are the 5 kingdoms of life?
Animalia, plantae, fungi, Protista and bacteria (eubacteria a…
What is the difference between a proka…
Eukaryotic cells have a nucleus and other membrane-bound orga…
22 terms
Honors Biology Plant Set
Goldenrod (Solidago)
Common Ragweed
Giant Ragweed
Snakeroot (Eupatorium)
yellow clusters of small flowers, many different species; oft…
greatly dissected leaves, lacey, deeply lobed leaflets; polle…
3 or 5 palmate lobes, hairy, rough; plant up to 6' tall
Clusters of white flowers that point upwards; found on the ed…
Goldenrod (Solidago)
yellow clusters of small flowers, many different species; oft…
Common Ragweed
greatly dissected leaves, lacey, deeply lobed leaflets; polle…
55 terms
Biology Honors Plants Mrs. Messina
Dispersal
Nourishment
Dormancy
Seed
allows spread of offspring
Source of energy for new embryo; the process of the cotyledon…
Aids in synchronizing growth of a new plant with the season;…
To protect, to feed, and to aid in dispersal are all jobs of…
Dispersal
allows spread of offspring
Nourishment
Source of energy for new embryo; the process of the cotyledon…
11 terms
Plant Identification- Honors Biology
Sage Brush... Artemisia californica
Black Sage... Salvia mellifera
Buckwheat... Eriogonum fasciculatum
Brittle Bush... Encelia farinosa
Sage Brush... Artemisia californica
Black Sage... Salvia mellifera
39 terms
Honors Biology 9th: Plants
cotyledon
style
guard cells
spore
"Seed-leaf"- contains stored food for embryo pant in seeds
Stalk-like part of pistil/carpal
A pair of cells surrounding hole (stoma) on back of leaves- T…
Asexual reproductive cell (haploid- can grow into new organism)
cotyledon
"Seed-leaf"- contains stored food for embryo pant in seeds
style
Stalk-like part of pistil/carpal
20 terms
Biology Honors: Plants
when plants reproduce asexually the of…
male gameophytes are also known as ___…
how angiosperms attract pollinators to…
in angiosperms, an unusual reproductiv…
clones
pollen grains
offer nectar, colorful petals, scent
double fertilization
when plants reproduce asexually the of…
clones
male gameophytes are also known as ___…
pollen grains
53 terms
Honors Biology Plants
Botany
Fertilizer
Agriculture
Pesticide
Study of plants
A substance that promotes plant growth by supplying essential…
A form of food production in which fields are in permanent cu…
A chemical intended to kill insects and other organisms that…
Botany
Study of plants
Fertilizer
A substance that promotes plant growth by supplying essential…
24 terms
Honors Biology: Plants
Anther
Autotroph
Cell Wall
Central vacuole
Pollen-producing structure located at the tip of a flower's s…
organisms that use energy from the sun or energy stored in ch…
firm, fairly rigid structure located outside the plasma membr…
membrane-bound organelle containing water and other enzymes t…
Anther
Pollen-producing structure located at the tip of a flower's s…
Autotroph
organisms that use energy from the sun or energy stored in ch…
31 terms
Biology Honors: Plants
roots
stems
leaves
flowers
A part of a plant that grows downward into the soil, anchorin…
A part of a plant where leaves, flowers, and most develop and…
A green, flattened, lateral structure attached to the stem an…
A part of a plant that is brightly colored and provides the p…
roots
A part of a plant that grows downward into the soil, anchorin…
stems
A part of a plant where leaves, flowers, and most develop and…
28 terms
Biology Honors: Plants
Gymnosperms produce their seeds in _____
Land plants life cycle in called ______
The ________ of a non-vascular plant i…
Mosses and liverworts live in this hab…
Cones
Alteration of Generations
sporophyte/gametophyte
moist
Gymnosperms produce their seeds in _____
Cones
Land plants life cycle in called ______
Alteration of Generations
Plants and Diversity (Biology Honors)
Binomial nomenclature
Classification
Taxonomy
Host cell
two-word system developed by Carl Linnaeus to name species
grouping objects or information based on similarities
named organisms based on studies of share characteristics
living in a cell which a virus replicates
Binomial nomenclature
two-word system developed by Carl Linnaeus to name species
Classification
grouping objects or information based on similarities
89 terms
Biology Honors- Plants and Photosynthesis
sporophyte
gametophyte
alternation of generations
gymnosperms
the diploid multicellular stage in the life cycle of a plant
the haploid multicellular stage in the alternation of generat…
the fluctuation between diploid and haploid stages that occur…
a group of seed producing plants that include conifers, cycad…
sporophyte
the diploid multicellular stage in the life cycle of a plant
gametophyte
the haploid multicellular stage in the alternation of generat…
46 terms
Honors Biology - Plants Test
T or F: A plant known as monoct has fl…
T or F: The ovules are inside the ovary
T or F: When a plant first begins to g…
T or F: Pollen is produced by the anth…
True
True
True
True
T or F: A plant known as monoct has fl…
True
T or F: The ovules are inside the ovary
True
18 terms
Biology Honors Plant Vocabulary
Gymnosperm
Angiosperm
Phloem
Xylem
Its seed is said to be naked because it is not enclosed in a…
Consists of monocots and dicots. Seeds are formed when an ovu…
Carries out translocation by transporting food and nutrients…
Transports water and minerals from roots to plant's aerial pa…
Gymnosperm
Its seed is said to be naked because it is not enclosed in a…
Angiosperm
Consists of monocots and dicots. Seeds are formed when an ovu…
28 terms
Biology Honors Unit 9: Plants
Plants
Plant Needs
Cuticle
Stomata
* Multicellular... * Eukaryotes... * Cell walls with cellulose... * Ti…
* Sunlight... * Energy source... * Adaptations to best absorb lig…
An outer covering on leaves that helps keep water in the plant
Openings on underside of leaf that allow gas exchange to take…
Plants
* Multicellular... * Eukaryotes... * Cell walls with cellulose... * Ti…
Plant Needs
* Sunlight... * Energy source... * Adaptations to best absorb lig…
47 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 13 Plants
cuticle
flower
guard cells
leaf
thick, waxy layer that covers some stems and roots
colorful structures that attract pollinators for reproduction
wall around the stoma that open and close to allow gas exchange
chlorophyll filled organelles that are the main producer of p…
cuticle
thick, waxy layer that covers some stems and roots
flower
colorful structures that attract pollinators for reproduction
38 terms
Honors Biology- Plants
List benefits of plants
What do chloroplasts do?
Are plants sessile?
What does a gymnosperm seed have?
Food... Oxygen... Stabilize Soil... Habitat... Consume CO2... Lumber... Medicine
Photosynthesize
Yes, they're fixed in one spot
Embryo, food, and protective coating
List benefits of plants
Food... Oxygen... Stabilize Soil... Habitat... Consume CO2... Lumber... Medicine
What do chloroplasts do?
Photosynthesize
40 terms
Honors Biology II // Plants
Where must nutrients from phptosynthes…
Veins
Xylem and photem
Roots
Palisade layers to the rest of the plant
Vessels that water and nutrients are carried through
Specific tissues used to carry water and nutrients through th…
Anchor a plant to the ground and absorb both water and minera…
Where must nutrients from phptosynthes…
Palisade layers to the rest of the plant
Veins
Vessels that water and nutrients are carried through
38 terms
Plants Test - Honors Biology
Alternation of generations
sporophyte
bryophyte
pterophyte
life cycle that has two alternation phases - a haploid (N) ph…
spore producing plant; the multicellular diploid phase of a p…
group of plants that have specialized reproductive organs but…
in the broad interpretation of the term, are vascular plants…
Alternation of generations
life cycle that has two alternation phases - a haploid (N) ph…
sporophyte
spore producing plant; the multicellular diploid phase of a p…
38 terms
Biology Honors: Plants
what are the characteristics of plants?
what is the formula for photosynthesis?
what is alternation of generation?
a nonvascular plant:
eukaryotic, autotroph (photosynthesis), cell wall of cellulos…
6CO2+6H2O+sun --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
starts with sporophyte(2N), makes spores by meiosis (n), game…
bryophytes
what are the characteristics of plants?
eukaryotic, autotroph (photosynthesis), cell wall of cellulos…
what is the formula for photosynthesis?
6CO2+6H2O+sun --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
71 terms
Honors Biology Plant Test
Plants evolved from ______
Plants and green algae share ________
How do plants maintain moisture? (Adap…
How do plants obtain resources from 2…
Green algae
The same type of chlorophyll, the ability to perform photosyn…
Waxy cuticle prevents water loss, the opening and closing of…
the vascular system transports nutrients and water throughout…
Plants evolved from ______
Green algae
Plants and green algae share ________
The same type of chlorophyll, the ability to perform photosyn…
188 terms
Biology Honors Unit VIII: Plants
Nonvascular Plants
Vascular Plants
Alternation of Generations
Gametophyte
Plants with neither true vascular tissue nor roots, stems, or…
Plants with tissue that can move around water and nutrients a…
Life cycle where a diploid sporophyte produces haploid spores…
Multicellular plant/body that produces gametes and has haploi…
Nonvascular Plants
Plants with neither true vascular tissue nor roots, stems, or…
Vascular Plants
Plants with tissue that can move around water and nutrients a…
44 terms
Biology Honors Plant Quiz
Chemical Signals produced by living or…
Target Cells
Receptors
How quickly a plant sprouts
What is Hormone?
What are the parts of organisms that are affected by Hormones?
What are the things on target cells that directly take in the…
What is Germination?
Chemical Signals produced by living or…
What is Hormone?
Target Cells
What are the parts of organisms that are affected by Hormones?
188 terms
Biology Honors Unit VIII: Plants
Nonvascular Plants
Vascular Plants
Alternation of Generations
Gametophyte
Plants with neither true vascular tissue nor roots, stems, or…
Plants with tissue that can move around water and nutrients a…
Life cycle where a diploid sporophyte produces haploid spores…
Multicellular plant/body that produces gametes and has haploi…
Nonvascular Plants
Plants with neither true vascular tissue nor roots, stems, or…
Vascular Plants
Plants with tissue that can move around water and nutrients a…
25 terms
Plant Questions // Honors Biology
Which of the following regards root pr…
In the leaf of a plant, which cells co…
True or False:... The gametophyte generat…
True or False:... Gametes are produced b…
Correct Answer: (2) Root Pressure exists in the vascular cyli…
Correct Answer: (4) Palisade and Spongy Mesophyll
False
False
Which of the following regards root pr…
Correct Answer: (2) Root Pressure exists in the vascular cyli…
In the leaf of a plant, which cells co…
Correct Answer: (4) Palisade and Spongy Mesophyll
18 terms
Plant Unit: Honors Biology
mesophyll
palisade mesophyll
spongy mesophyll
stomata
the specialized ground tissue
under the epidermis; closely packed cells that absorb light t…
beneath the palisade mesophyll; loose tissue with many air sp…
pore like openings in the underside of the leaf that allow ca…
mesophyll
the specialized ground tissue
palisade mesophyll
under the epidermis; closely packed cells that absorb light t…
80 terms
Honors Biology Plants Part 2
plant organs
taproot
fibrous roots
adventitious roots
roots, stems, leaves
when a seed sprouts, if the primary root becomes the largest…
when the primary root doesn't become large, instead, numerous…
grow from uncommon places like stems or leaves; ex. corn, orc…
plant organs
roots, stems, leaves
taproot
when a seed sprouts, if the primary root becomes the largest…
Honors Biology Plants Part 2
plant organs
taproot
fibrous roots
adventitious roots
roots, stems, leaves
when a seed sprouts, if the primary root becomes the largest…
when the primary root doesn't become large, instead, numerous…
grow from uncommon places like stems or leaves; ex. corn, orc…
plant organs
roots, stems, leaves
taproot
when a seed sprouts, if the primary root becomes the largest…
10 terms
Plant Hormones Honors Biology
Auxin
Gibberellins
Ethylene
Cytokinins
Stimulates the lengthening of cells, causes apical dominance…
Cell elongation, cell division, dwarf plants (lack gibberelli…
Gas that ripens fruits
Increase rate of growth
Auxin
Stimulates the lengthening of cells, causes apical dominance…
Gibberellins
Cell elongation, cell division, dwarf plants (lack gibberelli…
24 terms
Honors Biology Plants and Animals Vocab
Seed
Monocot
Dicot
Gymnosperm
A plant's egg; has a seed coat, embryo, and cotyledon
1 Cotyledon, flowers in 3's, scattered bundles
2 Cotyledon, flowers in 4 or 5, circular bundles
No flowers, ex: pinecones, "naked seeds"
Seed
A plant's egg; has a seed coat, embryo, and cotyledon
Monocot
1 Cotyledon, flowers in 3's, scattered bundles
51 terms
Honors Biology Plants and Animals Unit
Plant Kingdom
Plant adaptations
Bryophytes
Pterophytas
Kingdom made up of multicellular eukaryotes, cell walls made…
Pros: sling means more photosynthesis, more sugar, more energ…
plants whose life cycles depend on water. Primitive. Lack vas…
Seedless vascular plants that have a system involving the xyl…
Plant Kingdom
Kingdom made up of multicellular eukaryotes, cell walls made…
Plant adaptations
Pros: sling means more photosynthesis, more sugar, more energ…
36 terms
Honors Biology VII Vocab - Plants
Gametophyte
Xylem
Cotyledon
Vascular Tissue
Gamete-producing plant; multicellular haploid phase of a plan…
Vascular tissue that carries water upward from the roots to e…
First leaf or first pair of leaves produced by the embryo of…
Specialized tissue in plants that carries water and nutrients
Gametophyte
Gamete-producing plant; multicellular haploid phase of a plan…
Xylem
Vascular tissue that carries water upward from the roots to e…
49 terms
Honors Biology Plant Unit
cuticle
stomata
lignin
pollen grains
wax covering that prevents water loss
usually open during the day for sunlight and gases, but close…
chemical that thickens and reinforces cell walls of some plan…
structures that contain sperm-producing cells and do not need…
cuticle
wax covering that prevents water loss
stomata
usually open during the day for sunlight and gases, but close…
25 terms
Honors Biology Plant Test
the outer surface layer of cells of a…
a leaf that has an undivided blade
in leaves, tissue between epidermal la…
a waxy or fatty watertight layer on th…
epidermis
simple leaf
mesophyll
cuticle
the outer surface layer of cells of a…
epidermis
a leaf that has an undivided blade
simple leaf
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