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Study sets matching "honors biology"

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Study sets matching "honors biology"

344 terms
Honors Biology
Endothermic
Exothermic
Characteristics of Organisms
Polar
Taking in heat(lack of heat)
Taking out heat(hot)
Cells, metabolism, homeostasis, response to stimuli, reproduc…
Positively and negatively charged(like a battery), good to st…
Endothermic
Taking in heat(lack of heat)
Exothermic
Taking out heat(hot)
41 terms
biology honors
observation
hypothesis
independent variable
dependent variable
Information obtained through the senses.
A proposed, scientifically testable explanation for an observ…
The variable that is varied or manipulated by the researcher.
The measurable effect, outcome, or response in which the rese…
observation
Information obtained through the senses.
hypothesis
A proposed, scientifically testable explanation for an observ…
59 terms
honors biology
ecology
biosphere
species
population
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
contains the combined portions of the planet in which all lif…
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
groups of individuals that belong to the same species and liv…
ecology
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
biosphere
contains the combined portions of the planet in which all lif…
Honors Biology - Cells Unit
microscope
ribosome
chloroplast
carbohydrate
Makes very small objects visible.
Site of protein production in cells; may be "free-floating" o…
Green organelle where photosynthesis produces food for a plant.
Component of the cell membrane; "I.D. Card" that allows cells…
microscope
Makes very small objects visible.
ribosome
Site of protein production in cells; may be "free-floating" o…
51 terms
Biochemistry - Honors Biology
monomers
polymers
dehydration synthesis
hydrolysis
building blocks
made of repeated links of monomers
forms large molecules by the loss of water
the breakdown of molecules be the addition of water
monomers
building blocks
polymers
made of repeated links of monomers
87 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 17
Fossils
Fossilization
Stratification
Radiometric Dating
remains and impressions of organisms that lived in the past
is a slow process that starts when an organism or traces of i…
the formation of sedimentary rock layers
a way to measure the proportions of a daughter isotope and th…
Fossils
remains and impressions of organisms that lived in the past
Fossilization
is a slow process that starts when an organism or traces of i…
48 terms
Biochemistry - Honors Biology
monomers
polymers
dehydration synthesis
hydrolysis
building blocks
made of repeated links of monomers
forms large molecules by the loss of water
the breakdown of molecules be the addition of water
monomers
building blocks
polymers
made of repeated links of monomers
25 terms
Evolution - Honors Biology
fossil
acquired characteristic
Lamarck
natural selection
trace of a long dead organism
not determined by DNA. Arises during an organism's lifetime.
said that acquired characteristics could be passed from paren…
organisms that inherit the best adaptations survive and repro…
fossil
trace of a long dead organism
acquired characteristic
not determined by DNA. Arises during an organism's lifetime.
80 terms
Honors Biology Final Review
acquired traits
derived traits
Survival of the Fittest
artificial selection
organism develops, not heritable like fat
populations exhibit, heritable like molting
natural selection (fitness)
we breed for desired traits
acquired traits
organism develops, not heritable like fat
derived traits
populations exhibit, heritable like molting
38 terms
Honors Biology - Cells
cell
cell theory
Robert Hooke
organelles
basic unit of structure and function in living things
All living things are composed of cells. Cells are the basic…
one of the first people to observe cells.
small structures inside a cell that carry out specific funtions
cell
basic unit of structure and function in living things
cell theory
All living things are composed of cells. Cells are the basic…
91 terms
Honors Biology Review
Law
theory
scientific method
hypothesis. (educated guess)
A generalization on how some aspect of the natural world beha…
is defined as a solid explanation of some aspect of the natur…
is a series of steps used to help scientists solve problems.…
When a testable statement about the natural world has been cr…
Law
A generalization on how some aspect of the natural world beha…
theory
is defined as a solid explanation of some aspect of the natur…
85 terms
Honors Biology Chemistry Quizlet
Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
The stuff of the universe
has a definite shape and volume
has a definite volume and changeable shape
no definite shape and volume
Matter
The stuff of the universe
Solid
has a definite shape and volume
Biology Honors Review for Final
Identify a diagram of DNA
What is a DNA nucleotide made of?
What is an RNA nucleotide made of?
How is RNA different from DNA
Nitogen base... Deoxyribose sugar... Phosphate group... Nucleotide
Structurally, DNA and RNA are nearly identical. However, ther…
Identify a diagram of DNA
What is a DNA nucleotide made of?
Nitogen base... Deoxyribose sugar... Phosphate group... Nucleotide
26 terms
Honors Biology Final Study Guide
Food web
Energy loss
Keystone species
Photosynthesis
A food web is a diagram showing the interconnected nature of…
This occurs as you move up the trophic levels from producers…
A species which other species in an ecosystem depend on. If i…
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.…
Food web
A food web is a diagram showing the interconnected nature of…
Energy loss
This occurs as you move up the trophic levels from producers…
344 terms
Honors Biology
Endothermic
Exothermic
Characteristics of Organisms
Polar
Taking in heat(lack of heat)
Taking out heat(hot)
Cells, metabolism, homeostasis, response to stimuli, reproduc…
Positively and negatively charged(like a battery), good to st…
Endothermic
Taking in heat(lack of heat)
Exothermic
Taking out heat(hot)
23 terms
Honors Biology cell transport
Diffusion
Concentration Gradient
Passive Transport
equilibrium
Movement of molecules from a high concentration to a low conc…
difference in concentration of molecules across a space
movement of molecules into and out of a cell that does not re…
concentration of molecules equal throughout a space
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from a high concentration to a low conc…
Concentration Gradient
difference in concentration of molecules across a space
124 terms
honors biology
uni/mono
di
tri
mer
one
two
three
molecules
uni/mono
one
di
two
15 terms
Biology Honors
Amino acid
Carbohydrate
Disaccharide
Element
Building blocks of protein
Broken down to simple sugars
A double sugar, consisting of two monosaccharides joined by d…
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Amino acid
Building blocks of protein
Carbohydrate
Broken down to simple sugars
24 terms
Honors Biology
three parts of cell theory
differences between compound light mic…
electron is used for what specimen
compound light is used for what specimen
all organisms are composed of one or more cells, the cell is…
compound light-uses light to illuminate specimens and glass l…
big
small
three parts of cell theory
all organisms are composed of one or more cells, the cell is…
differences between compound light mic…
compound light-uses light to illuminate specimens and glass l…
156 terms
Honors Biology
Gene Flow
Genetic Drift
Bottleneck Effect
Founder Effect
When individuals move between populations spreading genetic d…
In small populations chance causes increases or decreases in…
When an event greatly reduces the size of a population, thus…
Genetic drift that occurs after a small number of individuals…
Gene Flow
When individuals move between populations spreading genetic d…
Genetic Drift
In small populations chance causes increases or decreases in…
13 terms
Biology Honors
Buffers
Condensation reactions
Carbohydrates
Glucose
Help maintain a steady pH range in cells
A chemical reaction in which two or more molecules combine to…
Energy
A simple sugar or starch; the main source of energy for the b…
Buffers
Help maintain a steady pH range in cells
Condensation reactions
A chemical reaction in which two or more molecules combine to…
32 terms
Honors Biology -cell parts
Cell Theory
Organelle
Eukaryotes
Prokaryotes
1. All living things are composed of cells... 2. Cells are the b…
cell component performing a specific function (corresponds to…
cell with membrane bound nucleus & organelles ... (example- Huma…
lack membrane bound nucleus & organelles... (Example- Bacteria)
Cell Theory
1. All living things are composed of cells... 2. Cells are the b…
Organelle
cell component performing a specific function (corresponds to…
344 terms
Honors Biology
Endothermic
Exothermic
Characteristics of Organisms
Polar
Taking in heat(lack of heat)
Taking out heat(hot)
Cells, metabolism, homeostasis, response to stimuli, reproduc…
Positively and negatively charged(like a battery), good to st…
Endothermic
Taking in heat(lack of heat)
Exothermic
Taking out heat(hot)
22 terms
Honors Biology
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Monomer
Polymer
Attracts water molecules
Avoids water molecules
A chemical part that serves as a building block of a polymer
A compound consisting of repeated linked monomers.
Hydrophilic
Attracts water molecules
Hydrophobic
Avoids water molecules
344 terms
Honors Biology
Endothermic
Exothermic
Characteristics of Organisms
Polar
Taking in heat(lack of heat)
Taking out heat(hot)
Cells, metabolism, homeostasis, response to stimuli, reproduc…
Positively and negatively charged(like a battery), good to st…
Endothermic
Taking in heat(lack of heat)
Exothermic
Taking out heat(hot)
28 terms
Honors Biology
Anatomically Correct
Blue Veins
Pink Veins
Cranial, Phorastic, Abdominal, Pelvic
1) Standing tall/erect... 2) Feet shoulder width apart... 3) Palms…
Non-oxygenated, in the right atrium
Oxygenated, has gone through lungs
Four Cavities
Anatomically Correct
1) Standing tall/erect... 2) Feet shoulder width apart... 3) Palms…
Blue Veins
Non-oxygenated, in the right atrium
129 terms
Honors Biology
Quantitative Data
Biology
Organism
Biotic
Can be measured... Ex- it's 23 degrees Celsius outside
The study of life and living organisms
An individual living thing ( plant, animal, bacterium, protes…
A living thing, as an animal or plant, that affects an ecosys…
Quantitative Data
Can be measured... Ex- it's 23 degrees Celsius outside
Biology
The study of life and living organisms
18 terms
Biology Honors: Cellular Respiration
Describe the development that led to t…
explain how molecular diversity is bas…
Differentiate between eukaryotic cells…
Describe the structure of the cell mem…
...
Carbon atom has four Valance Electrons in its outermost energ…
...
...
Describe the development that led to t…
...
explain how molecular diversity is bas…
Carbon atom has four Valance Electrons in its outermost energ…
25 terms
Honors Biology transport
Hypertonic
isotonic
Hypotonic
Diffusion
Having a higher concentration of solute than another solution.
having the same or equal osmotic pressure
Having a lower concentration of solute than another solution
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Hypertonic
Having a higher concentration of solute than another solution.
isotonic
having the same or equal osmotic pressure
139 terms
honors biology
why is gregor mendel considered the fa…
define trait.
define genetics.
define gene.
he experimented with pea plants and mated them to see what th…
a distinguishing characteristic that is inherited.
the study of heredity.
a segment of dna.
why is gregor mendel considered the fa…
he experimented with pea plants and mated them to see what th…
define trait.
a distinguishing characteristic that is inherited.
Unit One- Honors Biology
Biology
Characteristics of all living things
4 Macromolecules of utmost importance
H-bonds
the study of life
Metabolize/ Use Energy... Reproduce... Made of Cells... Maintain Homeo…
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Nucleic Acid... Protiens
Polar covalent bonds with ______________ as the IMF
Biology
the study of life
Characteristics of all living things
Metabolize/ Use Energy... Reproduce... Made of Cells... Maintain Homeo…
34 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2
catalyst
enzyme
substrate
endothermic
A substance that decreases the activation energy needed to st…
Catalysts for chemical reactions in living organisms.
The specific reactants that an enzyme can act on.
A chemical reaction that absorbs more energy than it releases.
catalyst
A substance that decreases the activation energy needed to st…
enzyme
Catalysts for chemical reactions in living organisms.
194 terms
biology honors final
7 characteristics of life
homeostasis
how living things are organized
what defines a species?
organization and cells, response to stimuli, homeostasis, met…
an organisms ability to keep stable internal conditions when…
classification
a group of organisms capable of interbreeding
7 characteristics of life
organization and cells, response to stimuli, homeostasis, met…
homeostasis
an organisms ability to keep stable internal conditions when…
Biology honors Unit 1
1. Observation
2. Hypothesis
3. Independent Variable
4 .Dependent Variable
Orderly, direct information gathering about a natural phenome…
Testable explanation of a situation.
The one factor that can be controlled in a experiment; is the…
factor being measured in a controlled experiment; it's value…
1. Observation
Orderly, direct information gathering about a natural phenome…
2. Hypothesis
Testable explanation of a situation.
28 terms
Honors Biology: Unit 2 Macromolecules
Polar molecule
Hydrogen bond
Hydrophobic
Hydrophilic
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
A weak bond formed by the attraction of slightly positive and…
"Fear of Water" A molecule that will not mix with water.
"Love of Water" A molecule that will mix with water.
Polar molecule
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
Hydrogen bond
A weak bond formed by the attraction of slightly positive and…
91 terms
Honors Biology Review
Law
theory
scientific method
hypothesis. (educated guess)
A generalization on how some aspect of the natural world beha…
is defined as a solid explanation of some aspect of the natur…
is a series of steps used to help scientists solve problems.…
When a testable statement about the natural world has been cr…
Law
A generalization on how some aspect of the natural world beha…
theory
is defined as a solid explanation of some aspect of the natur…
48 terms
Chapter 3 honors biology
Organic chemistry
Functional groups
Monomers
Polymer
-chemistry of organisms... -covalent bonding
specific combo of atoms that always react in the same way reg…
molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to f…
Molecule that consists of repeated linked units
Organic chemistry
-chemistry of organisms... -covalent bonding
Functional groups
specific combo of atoms that always react in the same way reg…
73 terms
Honors Biology
components of the scientific method
independent variable
dependent variable
controlled experiment
observation, question, hypothesis, prediction, test of predic…
the variable that is changed or controlled in a scientific ex…
variable being measured/tested in a scientific experiment
an experimental group is compared with a control group that v…
components of the scientific method
observation, question, hypothesis, prediction, test of predic…
independent variable
the variable that is changed or controlled in a scientific ex…
60 terms
Honors Biology Mid-term Review
Community
Mitochondria
Lysosome
Ribosome
What level of organization includes more than one species?
What organelle puts together ATP by breaking down glucose?
What organelle has hydrolytic enzymes to recycle cell parts?
What organelle makes proteins either on endoplasmic reticulum…
Community
What level of organization includes more than one species?
Mitochondria
What organelle puts together ATP by breaking down glucose?
38 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 4
light microscope
cell theory
electron microscope
scanning electron microscope
microscope that uses a beam of light passing through one or m…
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
microscope that forms an image by focusing beams of electrons…
A microscope that uses an electron beam to study the surface…
light microscope
microscope that uses a beam of light passing through one or m…
cell theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are…
68 terms
Biology Honors Final Review
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Experimental Group
Control Group
factor in an experiment that a scientist purposely changes: a…
factor in an experiment that a scientist wants to observe, wh…
group in a scientific experiment where the experimental proce…
group separated from the rest of the experiment where the ind…
Independent Variable
factor in an experiment that a scientist purposely changes: a…
Dependent Variable
factor in an experiment that a scientist wants to observe, wh…
Honors Biology - Ch 34
Biotic factors
Abiotic factors
Habitat
Organism
a living component of a biological community; an organism or…
a non living component of an ecosystem such as air water or t…
a place where an organism lives; the environment in which an…
An individual living thing
Biotic factors
a living component of a biological community; an organism or…
Abiotic factors
a non living component of an ecosystem such as air water or t…
107 terms
Semester 1 Biology Review (Honors)
monomer
polymer
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
one part
many parts
monomer of a carbohydrate
polymer of a carbohydrate
monomer
one part
polymer
many parts
74 terms
Honors Biology Unit 2
Nile Perch
Cichlid/ Ngege
Population Ecology
Lake Victoria
a large predatory fish found in lakes and rivers in northeast…
a perchlike freshwater fish of a family that is widely distri…
sub-field of ecology that deals with the dynamics of species…
the largest lake in Africa
Nile Perch
a large predatory fish found in lakes and rivers in northeast…
Cichlid/ Ngege
a perchlike freshwater fish of a family that is widely distri…
69 terms
Honors Biology, Chapter 3
Isomers
macromolecules
polymerization
monomers
Molecules with the same molecular formula but different struc…
"Giant molecules" made from thousands or even hundreds of tho…
Process by which smaller units--monomers--are joined together…
The name for the smaller units that can be joined together to…
Isomers
Molecules with the same molecular formula but different struc…
macromolecules
"Giant molecules" made from thousands or even hundreds of tho…
48 terms
Honors Biology - Organic Macromolecules
macromolecules
Polymers
Monomers
Nucleotides
giant molecules formed by the joining of smaller molecules.
generic term for long molecules consisting of many similar or…
subunits that serve as the building blocks of polymers.
Consist of:... 1. nitrogen--containing base (nitrogenous)... 2. 5-c…
macromolecules
giant molecules formed by the joining of smaller molecules.
Polymers
generic term for long molecules consisting of many similar or…
132 terms
Honors Biology
biology
organization
cell
unicellular
the study of living organisms, divided into many specialized…
the structure or arrangement of related or connected items
the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, t…
(of an evolutionary or developmental stage) characterized by…
biology
the study of living organisms, divided into many specialized…
organization
the structure or arrangement of related or connected items
7 terms
Honors Biology C words
chromatin
chromatid
daughter chromosome
centromere
Loose combination of DNA and proteins that is present during…
one half of a duplicated chromosome (NOT SISTERS!)
Once the paired sister chromatids separate longitudinally fro…
Region of a chromosome where the two sister chromatids attach
chromatin
Loose combination of DNA and proteins that is present during…
chromatid
one half of a duplicated chromosome (NOT SISTERS!)
43 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2
Matter
Element
Trace Elements
Compound
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
An element that is essential for life but required in extemel…
A substance containing two or more elements in a fixed ratio.…
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass.
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by…
Honors Biology - Ch 3
Organic compounds
Isomers
Hydrocarbons
Functional groups
A chemical compound containing the element carbon and usually…
Organic compounds with the same molecular formula but differe…
A chemical compound composed only of the elements carbon and…
The groups of atoms that usually participate in chemical reac…
Organic compounds
A chemical compound containing the element carbon and usually…
Isomers
Organic compounds with the same molecular formula but differe…
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