Study sets matching "honors biology"

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Study sets matching "honors biology"

22 terms
Honors Biology
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Monomer
Polymer
Attracts water molecules
Avoids water molecules
A chemical part that serves as a building block of a polymer
A compound consisting of repeated linked monomers.
Hydrophilic
Attracts water molecules
Hydrophobic
Avoids water molecules
124 terms
honors biology
uni/mono
di
tri
mer
one
two
three
molecules
uni/mono
one
di
two
344 terms
Honors Biology
Endothermic
Exothermic
Characteristics of Organisms
Hydrophilic (Polar)
Taking in heat(lack of heat)
Taking out heat(hot)
Cells, metabolism, homeostasis, response to stimuli, reproduc…
Positively and negatively charged(like a battery), good to st…
Endothermic
Taking in heat(lack of heat)
Exothermic
Taking out heat(hot)
Honors Biology
three parts of cell theory
differences between compound light mic…
electron is used for what specimen
compound light is used for what specimen
all organisms are composed of one or more cells, the cell is…
compound light-uses light to illuminate specimens and glass l…
big
small
three parts of cell theory
all organisms are composed of one or more cells, the cell is…
differences between compound light mic…
compound light-uses light to illuminate specimens and glass l…
15 terms
Biology Honors
Amino acid
Carbohydrate
Disaccharide
Element
Building blocks of protein
Broken down to simple sugars
A double sugar, consisting of two monosaccharides joined by d…
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Amino acid
Building blocks of protein
Carbohydrate
Broken down to simple sugars
Honors Biology
Endothermic
Exothermic
Characteristics of Organisms
Polar
Taking in heat(lack of heat)
Taking out heat(hot)
Cells, metabolism, homeostasis, response to stimuli, reproduc…
Positively and negatively charged(like a battery), good to st…
Endothermic
Taking in heat(lack of heat)
Exothermic
Taking out heat(hot)
59 terms
honors biology
ecology
biosphere
species
population
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
contains the combined portions of the planet in which all lif…
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can br…
groups of individuals that belong to the same species and liv…
ecology
the scientific study of interactions among organisms and betw…
biosphere
contains the combined portions of the planet in which all lif…
48 terms
Honors Biology - Organic Macromolecules
macromolecules
Polymers
Monomers
Nucleotides
giant molecules formed by the joining of smaller molecules.
generic term for long molecules consisting of many similar or…
subunits that serve as the building blocks of polymers.
Consist of:... 1. nitrogen--containing base (nitrogenous)... 2. 5-c…
macromolecules
giant molecules formed by the joining of smaller molecules.
Polymers
generic term for long molecules consisting of many similar or…
69 terms
Honors Biology, Chapter 3
Isomers
macromolecules
polymerization
monomers
Molecules with the same molecular formula but different struc…
"Giant molecules" made from thousands or even hundreds of tho…
Process by which smaller units--monomers--are joined together…
The name for the smaller units that can be joined together to…
Isomers
Molecules with the same molecular formula but different struc…
macromolecules
"Giant molecules" made from thousands or even hundreds of tho…
Honors Biology - Cells Unit
microscope
ribosome
chloroplast
carbohydrate
Makes very small objects visible.
Site of protein production in cells; may be "free-floating" o…
Green organelle where photosynthesis produces food for a plant.
Component of the cell membrane; "I.D. Card" that allows cells…
microscope
Makes very small objects visible.
ribosome
Site of protein production in cells; may be "free-floating" o…
Biochemistry - Honors Biology
monomers
polymers
dehydration synthesis
hydrolysis
building blocks
made of repeated links of monomers
forms large molecules by the loss of water
the breakdown of molecules be the addition of water
monomers
building blocks
polymers
made of repeated links of monomers
87 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 17
Fossils
Fossilization
Stratification
Radiometric Dating
remains and impressions of organisms that lived in the past
is a slow process that starts when an organism or traces of i…
the formation of sedimentary rock layers
a way to measure the proportions of a daughter isotope and th…
Fossils
remains and impressions of organisms that lived in the past
Fossilization
is a slow process that starts when an organism or traces of i…
23 terms
Honors Biology cell transport
Diffusion
Concentration Gradient
Passive Transport
equilibrium
Movement of molecules from a high concentration to a low conc…
difference in concentration of molecules across a space
movement of molecules into and out of a cell that does not re…
concentration of molecules equal throughout a space
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from a high concentration to a low conc…
Concentration Gradient
difference in concentration of molecules across a space
Evolution - Honors Biology
fossil
acquired characteristic
Lamarck
natural selection
trace of a long dead organism
not determined by DNA. Arises during an organism's lifetime.
said that acquired characteristics could be passed from paren…
organisms that inherit the best adaptations survive and repro…
fossil
trace of a long dead organism
acquired characteristic
not determined by DNA. Arises during an organism's lifetime.
80 terms
Honors Biology Final Review
acquired traits
derived traits
Survival of the Fittest
artificial selection
organism develops, not heritable like fat
populations exhibit, heritable like molting
natural selection (fitness)
we breed for desired traits
acquired traits
organism develops, not heritable like fat
derived traits
populations exhibit, heritable like molting
48 terms
Biochemistry - Honors Biology
monomers
polymers
dehydration synthesis
hydrolysis
building blocks
made of repeated links of monomers
forms large molecules by the loss of water
the breakdown of molecules be the addition of water
monomers
building blocks
polymers
made of repeated links of monomers
Honors Biology Review 2016
Hypothesis
Cell Theory
Hypotonic
Hypertonic
What do scientists use observations and data to form and test?
All living things are composed of cells, cells come from othe…
low concentration of solute outside cell and water moves into…
high concentration of solute inside cell and water moves out…
Hypothesis
What do scientists use observations and data to form and test?
Cell Theory
All living things are composed of cells, cells come from othe…
26 terms
Honors Biology Final Study Guide
Food web
Energy loss
Keystone species
Photosynthesis
A food web is a diagram showing the interconnected nature of…
This occurs as you move up the trophic levels from producers…
A species which other species in an ecosystem depend on. If i…
Conversion of light energy from the sun into chemical energy.…
Food web
A food web is a diagram showing the interconnected nature of…
Energy loss
This occurs as you move up the trophic levels from producers…
Honors Biology - Cells
cell
cell theory
Robert Hooke
organelles
basic unit of structure and function in living things
All living things are composed of cells. Cells are the basic…
one of the first people to observe cells.
small structures inside a cell that carry out specific funtions
cell
basic unit of structure and function in living things
cell theory
All living things are composed of cells. Cells are the basic…
91 terms
Honors Biology Review
Law
theory
scientific method
hypothesis. (educated guess)
A generalization on how some aspect of the natural world beha…
is defined as a solid explanation of some aspect of the natur…
is a series of steps used to help scientists solve problems.…
When a testable statement about the natural world has been cr…
Law
A generalization on how some aspect of the natural world beha…
theory
is defined as a solid explanation of some aspect of the natur…
Biology Honors Review for Final
Identify a diagram of DNA
What is a DNA nucleotide made of?
What is an RNA nucleotide made of?
How is RNA different from DNA
Nitogen base... Deoxyribose sugar... Phosphate group... Nucleotide
Structurally, DNA and RNA are nearly identical. However, ther…
Identify a diagram of DNA
What is a DNA nucleotide made of?
Nitogen base... Deoxyribose sugar... Phosphate group... Nucleotide
Honors Biology Chemistry Quizlet
Matter
Solid
Liquid
Gas
The stuff of the universe
has a definite shape and volume
has a definite volume and changeable shape
no definite shape and volume
Matter
The stuff of the universe
Solid
has a definite shape and volume
124 terms
honors biology
uni/mono
di
tri
mer
one
two
three
molecules
uni/mono
one
di
two
32 terms
Honors Biology -cell parts
Cell Theory
Organelle
Eukaryotes
Prokaryotes
1. All living things are composed of cells... 2. Cells are the b…
cell component performing a specific function (corresponds to…
cell with membrane bound nucleus & organelles ... (example- Huma…
lack membrane bound nucleus & organelles... (Example- Bacteria)
Cell Theory
1. All living things are composed of cells... 2. Cells are the b…
Organelle
cell component performing a specific function (corresponds to…
Honors Biology
● Title
● Abstract
● Introduction
● Methods and Materials
subject and what aspect of the subject was studied
summary of paper
why the study was undertaken
how the study was undertaken
● Title
subject and what aspect of the subject was studied
● Abstract
summary of paper
Biology Honors
Buffers
Condensation reactions
Carbohydrates
Glucose
Help maintain a steady pH range in cells
A chemical reaction in which two or more molecules combine to…
Energy
A simple sugar or starch; the main source of energy for the b…
Buffers
Help maintain a steady pH range in cells
Condensation reactions
A chemical reaction in which two or more molecules combine to…
51 terms
Honors Biology - Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration - describe the pr…
What kind of energy is released?
With O2 present in the cell....
Without O2 present in the cell....
This is the process of RELEASING ENERGY contained in organic…
mainly GLUCOSE, to do work. This is an example of catabolism.
cellular respiration can occur in the mitochondria
fermentation will occur in the cytoplasm of the cell
Cellular Respiration - describe the pr…
This is the process of RELEASING ENERGY contained in organic…
What kind of energy is released?
mainly GLUCOSE, to do work. This is an example of catabolism.
Honors Biology
Endothermic
Exothermic
Characteristics of Organisms
Polar
Taking in heat(lack of heat)
Taking out heat(hot)
Cells, metabolism, homeostasis, response to stimuli, reproduc…
Positively and negatively charged(like a battery), good to st…
Endothermic
Taking in heat(lack of heat)
Exothermic
Taking out heat(hot)
22 terms
Honors Biology
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Monomer
Polymer
Attracts water molecules
Avoids water molecules
A chemical part that serves as a building block of a polymer
A compound consisting of repeated linked monomers.
Hydrophilic
Attracts water molecules
Hydrophobic
Avoids water molecules
20 terms
Honors Biology: Introduction Biology
Order
Reproduction
Growth and Develpment
Energy Processing
Living things are highly organized and cells are the basis of…
Living things are able to make more of their own kind.
Living things get larger and mature through the stages of lif…
Living things preform cellular respiration converting chemica…
Order
Living things are highly organized and cells are the basis of…
Reproduction
Living things are able to make more of their own kind.
Photosynthesis; Honors Biology Expectations
Define autotroph and heterotroph
Label the structures of a chloroplast,…
Draw a cross section of leaf and label…
State the overall equation for photosy…
Autotrophs: Make internal food... Heterotrophs: Eat food
The lumen and thylakoid membrane and space are located inside…
6CO2 + 6H2O ------> C6H12O6 + 6O2
Define autotroph and heterotroph
Autotrophs: Make internal food... Heterotrophs: Eat food
Label the structures of a chloroplast,…
The lumen and thylakoid membrane and space are located inside…
344 terms
Honors Biology
Endothermic
Exothermic
Characteristics of Organisms
Polar
Taking in heat(lack of heat)
Taking out heat(hot)
Cells, metabolism, homeostasis, response to stimuli, reproduc…
Positively and negatively charged(like a battery), good to st…
Endothermic
Taking in heat(lack of heat)
Exothermic
Taking out heat(hot)
107 terms
Semester 1 Biology Review (Honors)
monomer
polymer
monosaccharide
polysaccharide
one part
many parts
monomer of a carbohydrate
polymer of a carbohydrate
monomer
one part
polymer
many parts
156 terms
Honors Biology
Gene Flow
Genetic Drift
Bottleneck Effect
Founder Effect
When individuals move between populations spreading genetic d…
In small populations chance causes increases or decreases in…
When an event greatly reduces the size of a population, thus…
Genetic drift that occurs after a small number of individuals…
Gene Flow
When individuals move between populations spreading genetic d…
Genetic Drift
In small populations chance causes increases or decreases in…
41 terms
biology honors
observation
hypothesis
independent variable
dependent variable
Information obtained through the senses.
A proposed, scientifically testable explanation for an observ…
The variable that is varied or manipulated by the researcher.
The measurable effect, outcome, or response in which the rese…
observation
Information obtained through the senses.
hypothesis
A proposed, scientifically testable explanation for an observ…
25 terms
Honors Biology transport
Hypertonic
isotonic
Hypotonic
Diffusion
Having a higher concentration of solute than another solution.
having the same or equal osmotic pressure
Having a lower concentration of solute than another solution
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Hypertonic
Having a higher concentration of solute than another solution.
isotonic
having the same or equal osmotic pressure
77 terms
Honors Biology Final Review
spontaneous generation
independent variable
cytoplasm
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
life could arise from nonliving matter
factor in an experiment that a scientists purposely changes
Watery material which contains many of the materials involved…
Serves as a pathway for the transport of materials throughout…
spontaneous generation
life could arise from nonliving matter
independent variable
factor in an experiment that a scientists purposely changes
28 terms
Honors Biology
Anatomically Correct
Blue Veins
Pink Veins
Cranial, Phorastic, Abdominal, Pelvic
1) Standing tall/erect... 2) Feet shoulder width apart... 3) Palms…
Non-oxygenated, in the right atrium
Oxygenated, has gone through lungs
Four Cavities
Anatomically Correct
1) Standing tall/erect... 2) Feet shoulder width apart... 3) Palms…
Blue Veins
Non-oxygenated, in the right atrium
344 terms
Honors Biology
Endothermic
Exothermic
Characteristics of Organisms
Polar
Taking in heat(lack of heat)
Taking out heat(hot)
Cells, metabolism, homeostasis, response to stimuli, reproduc…
Positively and negatively charged(like a battery), good to st…
Endothermic
Taking in heat(lack of heat)
Exothermic
Taking out heat(hot)
Biology honors Unit 1
1. Observation
2. Hypothesis
3. Independent Variable
4 .Dependent Variable
Orderly, direct information gathering about a natural phenome…
Testable explanation of a situation.
The one factor that can be controlled in a experiment; is the…
factor being measured in a controlled experiment; it's value…
1. Observation
Orderly, direct information gathering about a natural phenome…
2. Hypothesis
Testable explanation of a situation.
129 terms
Honors Biology
Quantitative Data
Biology
Organism
Biotic
Can be measured... Ex- it's 23 degrees Celsius outside
The study of life and living organisms
An individual living thing ( plant, animal, bacterium, protes…
A living thing, as an animal or plant, that affects an ecosys…
Quantitative Data
Can be measured... Ex- it's 23 degrees Celsius outside
Biology
The study of life and living organisms
113 terms
Honors Biology Midterm Pictionary Cards
Nucleus
Cytoplasm
Golgi Apparatus
plasma membrane
Only found in Eukaryotic cells. Contains the cells DNA and co…
jelly- like matter found in cells where the organelles float.
Stacks of flattened membranes and associated vesicles. It col…
a lipid bilayer that surrounds the cell. Is a protective laye…
Nucleus
Only found in Eukaryotic cells. Contains the cells DNA and co…
Cytoplasm
jelly- like matter found in cells where the organelles float.
Honors Biology
Endothermic
Exothermic
Characteristics of Organisms
Hydrophilic (Polar)
Taking in heat(lack of heat)
Taking out heat(hot)
Cells, metabolism, homeostasis, response to stimuli, reproduc…
Positively and negatively charged(like a battery), good to st…
Endothermic
Taking in heat(lack of heat)
Exothermic
Taking out heat(hot)
18 terms
Biology Honors: Cellular Respiration
Describe the development that led to t…
explain how molecular diversity is bas…
Differentiate between eukaryotic cells…
Describe the structure of the cell mem…
...
Carbon atom has four Valance Electrons in its outermost energ…
...
...
Describe the development that led to t…
...
explain how molecular diversity is bas…
Carbon atom has four Valance Electrons in its outermost energ…
Unit One- Honors Biology
Biology
Characteristics of all living things
4 Macromolecules of utmost importance
H-bonds
the study of life
Metabolize/ Use Energy... Reproduce... Made of Cells... Maintain Homeo…
Carbohydrates... Lipids... Nucleic Acid... Protiens
Polar covalent bonds with ______________ as the IMF
Biology
the study of life
Characteristics of all living things
Metabolize/ Use Energy... Reproduce... Made of Cells... Maintain Homeo…
34 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2
catalyst
enzyme
substrate
endothermic
A substance that decreases the activation energy needed to st…
Catalysts for chemical reactions in living organisms.
The specific reactants that an enzyme can act on.
A chemical reaction that absorbs more energy than it releases.
catalyst
A substance that decreases the activation energy needed to st…
enzyme
Catalysts for chemical reactions in living organisms.
48 terms
Chapter 3 honors biology
Organic chemistry
Functional groups
Monomers
Polymer
-chemistry of organisms... -covalent bonding
specific combo of atoms that always react in the same way reg…
molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecules to f…
Molecule that consists of repeated linked units
Organic chemistry
-chemistry of organisms... -covalent bonding
Functional groups
specific combo of atoms that always react in the same way reg…
139 terms
honors biology
why is gregor mendel considered the fa…
define trait.
define genetics.
define gene.
he experimented with pea plants and mated them to see what th…
a distinguishing characteristic that is inherited.
the study of heredity.
a segment of dna.
why is gregor mendel considered the fa…
he experimented with pea plants and mated them to see what th…
define trait.
a distinguishing characteristic that is inherited.
5 terms
Honors Biology
Three Common Temperatures at Celcius
Add
Add
Add
C 100 C 37*C
Add
Add
Add
Three Common Temperatures at Celcius
C 100 C 37*C
Add
Add
176 terms
honors biology
How do cells increase in numbers
what is the division process called
which cells do not divide
why does a parent cell divide
through dividing
mitosis
sex cells
to form 2 identical daughters
How do cells increase in numbers
through dividing
what is the division process called
mitosis
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