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Study sets matching "honors biology"

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Study sets matching "honors biology"

22 terms
Honors Biology
pH
What type of organic compound would mo…
Fatty acid
Monomers
This is used in classifying blood types.
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Nucleotides
pH
This is used in classifying blood types.
What type of organic compound would mo…
Carbohydrates
Honors biology
Hydrology
Cytology
Protozoa
Epidermis
Study of water
Study of cells
First animal
Outer layer of cells covering an organism
Hydrology
Study of water
Cytology
Study of cells
15 terms
Honors biology
Diffusion
Osmosis
Semipermealbe
Hypertonic
The movement of atoms or moleculesfrom a high area of concent…
A process by which molecules move from an area of low concent…
Is a type of if biological or synthetic polymeric membrane th…
The total molar concentration of all dissolved solute particl…
Diffusion
The movement of atoms or moleculesfrom a high area of concent…
Osmosis
A process by which molecules move from an area of low concent…
55 terms
Honors Biology
Acid Rain
Biology
Cancer
Cell
Sulfur in smoke produced by the burning of coal and oil react…
The Study of Life
Normal controls on cell growth have been damaged and the cell…
The smallest unit capable of all life functions
Acid Rain
Sulfur in smoke produced by the burning of coal and oil react…
Biology
The Study of Life
Photosynthesis; Honors Biology Expectations
Define autotroph and heterotroph
Label the structures of a chloroplast,…
Draw a cross section of leaf and label…
State the overall equation for photosy…
Autotrophs: Make internal food... Heterotrophs: Eat food
The lumen and thylakoid membrane and space are located inside…
6CO2 + 6H2O ------> C6H12O6 + 6O2
Define autotroph and heterotroph
Autotrophs: Make internal food... Heterotrophs: Eat food
Label the structures of a chloroplast,…
The lumen and thylakoid membrane and space are located inside…
26 terms
Honors Biology
Compound Microscope Difference
Control
Diaphragm
Eyepiece
Eyepiece and objective lenses
Kept the same
Controls lighting
part you look through with the magnification of 10x
Compound Microscope Difference
Eyepiece and objective lenses
Control
Kept the same
9 terms
Honors Biology
Lewis Dot Structure
Covalent Bond
what atom are suppose to be in the the…
What is C2 and H2
Lewis dot structures, and electron dot structures) are diagra…
molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing…
The atom that is suppose to be in the center is the one with…
There non-polar because there the same atom
Lewis Dot Structure
Lewis dot structures, and electron dot structures) are diagra…
Covalent Bond
molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing…
12 terms
Honors biology
Chemosynthesis
Chlorophyll
Characteristics of life
Homostasis
Scientist believe it began in hydrothermal vents, hydrogen ga…
Gives plants green colors
Reproduction, heredity, Metabolism, cells, responsive, moveme…
Maintain a consistent internal environment example pH buffer
Chemosynthesis
Scientist believe it began in hydrothermal vents, hydrogen ga…
Chlorophyll
Gives plants green colors
18 terms
Honors Biology
Goggles must be worn at all times
Know the location of every safety devi…
Protect you clothing from chemicals an…
never taste any substances in the lab
...
fire extinguishers, eyewash, shower and fire blanket
long hair tied back, no dangling jewelry, no opened toe shoes…
no eating, chewing gum, or applying lip balm
Goggles must be worn at all times
...
Know the location of every safety devi…
fire extinguishers, eyewash, shower and fire blanket
12 terms
Biology Honors
proteins
amino acids
enzymes
hydrophobic
organic compounds made of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxy…
monomers for building proteins
RNA or protein molecules that act as catalysts
does not dissolve in water
proteins
organic compounds made of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxy…
amino acids
monomers for building proteins
5 terms
Honors Biology
IV
DV
Constants
Control group
What you get to choose in an experiment
Something that is measured and recorded during the experiment…
stays the same in the experiment
group that does not get attention when testing (stays constant)
IV
What you get to choose in an experiment
DV
Something that is measured and recorded during the experiment…
65 terms
Honors Biology
Unit One
A Hypothesis is a
Unit 2
What is the importance of the Miller U…
Unit One
TESTABLE STATEMENT
Unit 2
Scientists were able to make organic compounds from non organ…
Unit One
Unit One
A Hypothesis is a
TESTABLE STATEMENT
43 terms
Honors biology
Forms of energy
what is energy
it carries energy cells can use
where is energy stored in ATP
Kinetic and potential
the ability to do work
what is ATP used for
in their bonds
Forms of energy
Kinetic and potential
what is energy
the ability to do work
64 terms
Honors Biology
Carbs
Macronutrients
Micronutrients
3 major class of macro
main energy source
nutrients to eat daily/large amounts
eat small amounts of these nutrients
carbs, fat, proteins
Carbs
main energy source
Macronutrients
nutrients to eat daily/large amounts
38 terms
Honors Biology
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Posterior
A body part is above another part or is closer to the head
A body part is below another body part or is toward the feet
(Or ventral) towards the front
(Or dorsal) towards the back
Superior
A body part is above another part or is closer to the head
Inferior
A body part is below another body part or is toward the feet
82 terms
Honors Biology Final Vocab
Semipermeable
Solute
Solvent
Diffusion
allowing certain substances to pass through it but not others…
Substance that is dissolved in a solvent to make a solution
Substance in which a solute is dissolved to form a solution
Process by which molecules tend to move from an area where th…
Semipermeable
allowing certain substances to pass through it but not others…
Solute
Substance that is dissolved in a solvent to make a solution
28 terms
Honors Biology
cell cycle
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromosomes
pattern of growth, DNA replication and cell division that occ…
a cell divides its nucleus and contents
process by which the cell divides its nucleus and contents
long continuous thread of DNA that consists of numerous genes…
cell cycle
pattern of growth, DNA replication and cell division that occ…
mitosis
a cell divides its nucleus and contents
155 terms
Honors Biology
How many calories in a Calorie
Inputs and outputs of glycolysis
equation for cellular respiration
Other name for Krebs cycle
1000
NAD+, 2 ATP, and glucose
C6H12O6+6O2->6H2O+6CO2+energy
Citric Acid
How many calories in a Calorie
1000
Inputs and outputs of glycolysis
NAD+, 2 ATP, and glucose
67 terms
Honors Biology
Science
Biology
Scientific Method
Observation
An organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural…
The science that employs the scientific method to study livin…
The process that we use to answer questions, a precise set of…
The process of gathering information about events or processe…
Science
An organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural…
Biology
The science that employs the scientific method to study livin…
22 terms
Honors Biology
Cell
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Centriole
A usually microscopic structure containing nuclear and cytopl…
A biological membrane also called the plasma membrane, that s…
The definite boundary or wall that is part of the other struc…
A small, cylindrical cell organelle, seen near the nucleus in…
Cell
A usually microscopic structure containing nuclear and cytopl…
Cell Membrane
A biological membrane also called the plasma membrane, that s…
36 terms
Honors Biology
Biogenesis
Spontaneous Generation
Radiometric Dating
Isotope
the production of new living organisms
ordinary formation of living organisms without descent
a method of dating specimens
each of two or more forms of same element that contains the s…
Biogenesis
the production of new living organisms
Spontaneous Generation
ordinary formation of living organisms without descent
29 terms
Honors Biology
Atoms
Organelle
Cells
Tissue
Smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics…
Membrane-bound structures with particular functions within eu…
Basic unit of all organisms; all living things are composed o…
Groups of cells that work together to preform a specific func…
Atoms
Smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics…
Organelle
Membrane-bound structures with particular functions within eu…
32 terms
Honors Biology II - Cnidaria
jellyfish phylum
general characteristics of Cnidaria
symmetry for Porifora
symmetry for humans
cnidaria
soft-bodied, aquatic (mostly marine), radial symmetry, stingi…
asymmetry
bilateral
jellyfish phylum
cnidaria
general characteristics of Cnidaria
soft-bodied, aquatic (mostly marine), radial symmetry, stingi…
28 terms
Biology Honors
2 Types of Transport
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Facilitated Diffusion
Passive and Active
Needs no energy to move across the membrane
Requires energy to move across the membrane
/a type of active transport because molecules need the protei…
2 Types of Transport
Passive and Active
Passive Transport
Needs no energy to move across the membrane
67 terms
Honors Biology- Cells
What is the study of cells?
What is the study of tissue?
Unicellular means _________
Multicellular means __________
Cytology
Histology
One cell
More than one cell
What is the study of cells?
Cytology
What is the study of tissue?
Histology
67 terms
Honors Biology Evolution Review
four billion years
HAVE NOT
anaerobic, heterotrophic, and prokaryo…
evolution
how old is earth estimated to be?
Scientists HAVE / HAVE NOT been able to create life in the la…
The first cells were probably _____________ , ____________ ,…
the development of new types of organisms from preexisting ty…
four billion years
how old is earth estimated to be?
HAVE NOT
Scientists HAVE / HAVE NOT been able to create life in the la…
16 terms
Honors biology
Mitochondria
Vesicle
Smooth er
Lysosome
Sugar resperation-ATP
Transport
Makes lipid and all membrane made of lipid
Breaks down and detoxifys
Mitochondria
Sugar resperation-ATP
Vesicle
Transport
15 terms
Honors Biology
green
orange
blue
red
barium
calcium salt
copper
lithium
green
barium
orange
calcium salt
44 terms
Honors Biology 3
Membrane Composition
How is lipid bilayer formed?
What allows passage into the interior?
What is not allowed into the interior…
Proteins and Phospholipids
Head and tail relation to water, non polar tail is going to b…
Channel proteins
Non polar sugar
Membrane Composition
Proteins and Phospholipids
How is lipid bilayer formed?
Head and tail relation to water, non polar tail is going to b…
15 terms
(Biology Honors) Microscope Parts
eyepiece/ocular lense
coarse adjustment/focus knob
low power objective lens
arm
how the ocular tube moves up or down
eyepiece/ocular lense
coarse adjustment/focus knob
how the ocular tube moves up or down
21 terms
Honors Biology
Hydroxyl
Amino Group
Carbonyl Group
Phosphate Group
OH-; alcohols
Building block of protein, NH2
Sugars: C=O
Energy/ATP;OPO3
Hydroxyl
OH-; alcohols
Amino Group
Building block of protein, NH2
Honors Biology
Biology
Biosphere
Community
Consumer
The scientific study of life it's Evolution and it's amazing…
The entire portion of Earth inhabited by life the sum of all…
An assemblage of all the organisms living together and potent…
An organism that cannot make its own food.
Biology
The scientific study of life it's Evolution and it's amazing…
Biosphere
The entire portion of Earth inhabited by life the sum of all…
60 terms
Honors Biology- BioChem
What do organic compounds always conta…
What are the four types of macromolecu…
What is a carbohydrate's job?
What are the three types of carbohydra…
Carbon
Carbohydrates ... Lipids ... Proteins ... Nucleic Acids
To give QUICK energy
Monosaccharides... Disaccharides ... Polysaccharides
What do organic compounds always conta…
Carbon
What are the four types of macromolecu…
Carbohydrates ... Lipids ... Proteins ... Nucleic Acids
17 terms
Honors Biology
Leeuwenhoek
Hooke
Lister
Schwann
Dutch scientist. Discovered tiny living creatures in water. M…
British scientist. Published a book of microscopic images. Us…
Created a multi-lens microscope.
Studied animal cells, in specific frog blood. Met with Schlei…
Leeuwenhoek
Dutch scientist. Discovered tiny living creatures in water. M…
Hooke
British scientist. Published a book of microscopic images. Us…
21 terms
Organelles - Biology Honors
Organelles
Eukaryotic cells
Prokaryotic cells
Nucleus
any of a number of organized or specialized structures within…
cells with a nucleus to hold DNA
cells without a nucleus (e.g. bacteria)
directs cell activities and contains DNA
Organelles
any of a number of organized or specialized structures within…
Eukaryotic cells
cells with a nucleus to hold DNA
88 terms
Unit 2-Honors Biology
Hydroxyl
Carbonyl
Carboxyl
Amino
-OH functional group makes alcohols
A functional group consisting of C=O makes Aldehydes and Keto…
-COOH functional group that makes Carboxylic acids.
Functional group that makes Amines
Hydroxyl
-OH functional group makes alcohols
Carbonyl
A functional group consisting of C=O makes Aldehydes and Keto…
51 terms
Honors Biology - Cellular Respiration
Cellular Respiration - describe the pr…
What kind of energy is released?
With O2 present in the cell....
Without O2 present in the cell....
This is the process of RELEASING ENERGY contained in organic…
mainly GLUCOSE, to do work. This is an example of catabolism.
cellular respiration can occur in the mitochondria
fermentation will occur in the cytoplasm of the cell
Cellular Respiration - describe the pr…
This is the process of RELEASING ENERGY contained in organic…
What kind of energy is released?
mainly GLUCOSE, to do work. This is an example of catabolism.
33 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 3
biosphere
species
population
community
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
group of individuals of the same species that live in the sam…
assemblage of different populations that live together in a d…
biosphere
part of Earth in which life exists including land, water, and…
species
group of similar organisms that can breed and produce fertile…
11 terms
Biology Honors
3 types of RNA
Types of Purines (double ring)
Types of Pyrinidines (single ring)
DNA -> DNA
1.Messenger... 2. Transfer... 3.Ribosome
1. Adenine... 2. Guanine
1. Cytosine... 2. Thymine... 3. Uracil
Replication
3 types of RNA
1.Messenger... 2. Transfer... 3.Ribosome
Types of Purines (double ring)
1. Adenine... 2. Guanine
17 terms
Honors Biology
Hydrogen bond
Cohesion
Adhesion
Solution
Weak attraction between a hydrogen atom and another atom
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
Force of attraction between different kinds of molecules
Type of mixture in which all the components are evenly distri…
Hydrogen bond
Weak attraction between a hydrogen atom and another atom
Cohesion
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
48 terms
Honors Biology
Adaptation
Antibiotic
Bacteria
Biological event
A change in the features of a population... A trait that helps a…
A chemical secreted by a living organism that kills or reduce…
(microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spir…
An event that occurred at a point of time in earth's history…
Adaptation
A change in the features of a population... A trait that helps a…
Antibiotic
A chemical secreted by a living organism that kills or reduce…
25 terms
Biology honors
Adaptation
Biology
Development
Energy
The evolution of a structure ,behavior or internal process th…
The study of life that seeks to provide an understanding of t…
All of the of the changes that take place during the life of…
The ability to cause change organisms use energy to perform b…
Adaptation
The evolution of a structure ,behavior or internal process th…
Biology
The study of life that seeks to provide an understanding of t…
20 terms
Biology Honors
Human Artifacts
Apparent Age
Half Life
Radiocarbon dating Method
Any object made by human beings
A feature of gods creation; man, plants and animals created i…
The length of time necessary for a radioactive substance to d…
A method of determining the age of fossils using the half lif…
Human Artifacts
Any object made by human beings
Apparent Age
A feature of gods creation; man, plants and animals created i…
149 terms
Honors Biology
Independent variable
Dependent variable
Control
control group
What you change
Results on independent variable
What stays the same
Group stays the same
Independent variable
What you change
Dependent variable
Results on independent variable
46 terms
Honors Biology
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Deductive reasoning
Inductive reasoning
The scientific method is a process for experimentation that i…
proposed explanation for a set of observations, deductive rea…
logic used in hypothesis-based science to come up with ways t…
reasoning derives from general principles from a large number…
Scientific Method
The scientific method is a process for experimentation that i…
Hypothesis
proposed explanation for a set of observations, deductive rea…
12 terms
Honors Biology Week 11
Artificial Selection
Hybridization
Inbreeding
Restriction Enzyme
Choosing which two organisms breed to create offspring with d…
Crossing two different organisms to create offspring with tra…
Crossing two similar organisms to maintain traits. Crossing t…
Enzyme that cuts DNA in certain sequences.
Artificial Selection
Choosing which two organisms breed to create offspring with d…
Hybridization
Crossing two different organisms to create offspring with tra…
23 terms
HONORS BIOLOGY: CELLS
eukaryotic
prokaryotic
nucleus
chromatin
describes a cell that has a nucleus and membrane bound organe…
describes a cell that has no nucleus and no membrane bound or…
organelle which contains chromosomes with DNA; therefore it i…
decondensed form of chromosomes; this is the form of DNA duri…
eukaryotic
describes a cell that has a nucleus and membrane bound organe…
prokaryotic
describes a cell that has no nucleus and no membrane bound or…
77 terms
Biology honors
Organism
Population
Community
Ecosystem
An individual living thing, such as an alligator.
A group of individuals if the same species in the same area a…
A group of different species that live together in one area
Includes all of the organisms as well as the climate, soul, w…
Organism
An individual living thing, such as an alligator.
Population
A group of individuals if the same species in the same area a…
27 terms
Biology Honors - DNA
What does DNA stand for?
What model represents that type of rep…
What are the subunits called that make…
Name the 3 parts of a DNA nucleotide/d…
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Double helix
nucleotides
Sugars, Phosphates, Nitrogen Bases
What does DNA stand for?
Deoxyribonucleic acid
What model represents that type of rep…
Double helix
17 terms
Honors biology
Nucleus
Rough ER
Smooth ER
Golgi Apparatus
Stores DNA
Transports synthesized proteins
Produces hormones and other secretary products
Packages macromolecules to transport
Nucleus
Stores DNA
Rough ER
Transports synthesized proteins
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