Study sets matching "honors biology"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "honors biology"

36 terms
Honors Biology Vocabulary
Mitosis
Meiosis
Diploid
Haploid
a part of the cell cycle in which chromosomes in a cell nucle…
a process in which the nucleus divides in all sexually reprod…
containing two complete sets of chromosomes, one from each pa…
a cell which has half the usual number of chromosomes. (23 ch…
Mitosis
a part of the cell cycle in which chromosomes in a cell nucle…
Meiosis
a process in which the nucleus divides in all sexually reprod…
91 terms
Biology Honors
factors that affect climate change?
Factors that affect resource use and s…
Aquatic
Impact of humans on environment
-distance from the sun... -ocean currents ... -Direction of prevail…
-pop. count... -#of producers and consumers... -percapita consumpti…
based on flow,depth,temp.,chemistry
-caused extinction of species through hunting,fishing,agricul…
factors that affect climate change?
-distance from the sun... -ocean currents ... -Direction of prevail…
Factors that affect resource use and s…
-pop. count... -#of producers and consumers... -percapita consumpti…
15 terms
Honors biology
Cell energetics
ATP
Citric acid cycle
Chemiosmosis
cells manage energy in the form of chemical reactions
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
Completes the breakdown of glucose by oxidizing a derivative…
Process by which a Hydrogen pump pumps protons into the thyla…
Cell energetics
cells manage energy in the form of chemical reactions
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
28 terms
Biology Honors
2 Types of Transport
Passive Transport
Active Transport
Facilitated Diffusion
Passive and Active
Needs no energy to move across the membrane
Requires energy to move across the membrane
/a type of active transport because molecules need the protei…
2 Types of Transport
Passive and Active
Passive Transport
Needs no energy to move across the membrane
19 terms
Honors Biology
nucleotide
nitrogenous base
double helix
DNA
Building blocks of DNA and RNA
Make up the building blocks of DNA and RNA: adenine, guanine,…
a pair of parallel helices intertwined about a common axis, e…
Deoxyribonucleic acid is a molecule that carries most of the…
nucleotide
Building blocks of DNA and RNA
nitrogenous base
Make up the building blocks of DNA and RNA: adenine, guanine,…
68 terms
Honors Biology
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
Chemical energy (bond energy)
Ability to do work
Energy of motion
Stored Energy
A form of potential energy that is stored in chemical bonds b…
Energy
Ability to do work
Kinetic Energy
Energy of motion
17 terms
Honors Biology
Hydrogen bond
Cohesion
Adhesion
Solution
Weak attraction between a hydrogen atom and another atom
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
Force of attraction between different kinds of molecules
Type of mixture in which all the components are evenly distri…
Hydrogen bond
Weak attraction between a hydrogen atom and another atom
Cohesion
Attraction between molecules of the same substance
Honors Biology
Adaptation
Antibiotic
Bacteria
Biological event
A change in the features of a population... A trait that helps a…
A chemical secreted by a living organism that kills or reduce…
(microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spir…
An event that occurred at a point of time in earth's history…
Adaptation
A change in the features of a population... A trait that helps a…
Antibiotic
A chemical secreted by a living organism that kills or reduce…
25 terms
Biology honors
Adaptation
Biology
Development
Energy
The evolution of a structure ,behavior or internal process th…
The study of life that seeks to provide an understanding of t…
All of the of the changes that take place during the life of…
The ability to cause change organisms use energy to perform b…
Adaptation
The evolution of a structure ,behavior or internal process th…
Biology
The study of life that seeks to provide an understanding of t…
33 terms
Biology Honors KD
Nucleus
Gene
Codon
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
Provides protection for DNA
The DNA code for a single protein
Three RNA nucleotides that code for a specific amino acid
Molecule that delivers amino acids to the ribosome
Nucleus
Provides protection for DNA
Gene
The DNA code for a single protein
Honors Biology
Biogenesis
Spontaneous Generation
Radiometric Dating
Isotope
the production of new living organisms
ordinary formation of living organisms without descent
a method of dating specimens
each of two or more forms of same element that contains the s…
Biogenesis
the production of new living organisms
Spontaneous Generation
ordinary formation of living organisms without descent
Honors Biology
active transport
passive transport
acids
bases
requires energy, low to high concentration, endocytosis, exoc…
does not require energy, high to low concentration, osmosis,…
have a pH of 0 to 6
have a pH of 8 to 14
active transport
requires energy, low to high concentration, endocytosis, exoc…
passive transport
does not require energy, high to low concentration, osmosis,…
HONORS BIOLOGY-Evolution
EVOLUTION
THEORY
HYPOTHESIS
FOSSIL
Change over time; The process by which modern organisms have…
A well- supported, testable explanation of phenomena that hav…
a possible explanation for a set of observations or a possibl…
The preserved remains of an ancient organism
EVOLUTION
Change over time; The process by which modern organisms have…
THEORY
A well- supported, testable explanation of phenomena that hav…
49 terms
Honors Biology
Theory
Microscope
Magnification
Simple Microscope
very broad investigation (not an opinion)
an instrument that increases what can be seen by the human eye
a ratio between the image under the microscope and its actual…
a single lens microscope
Theory
very broad investigation (not an opinion)
Microscope
an instrument that increases what can be seen by the human eye
26 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 1
biosphere
ecosystem
community
population
the regions of the surface and atmosphere of the Earth (or ot…
collection of all the organisms that live in a particular pla…
a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
a group of organisms of the same species populating a given a…
biosphere
the regions of the surface and atmosphere of the Earth (or ot…
ecosystem
collection of all the organisms that live in a particular pla…
18 terms
Cell Organelles for Honors Biology
Nucleus
Cytoplasm/Cytosol
Golgi Apparatus/Body
Cell or Plasma Membrane
Only found in Eukaryotic cells. Contains the cell's DNA and c…
jelly-like liquid found in cells where the organelles float.
Stacks of flattened membranous sacs that collects, modifies,…
phospholipid bilayer that surrounds cell and regulates what e…
Nucleus
Only found in Eukaryotic cells. Contains the cell's DNA and c…
Cytoplasm/Cytosol
jelly-like liquid found in cells where the organelles float.
22 terms
Classification of Organisms - Biology Honors
biodiversity
taxonomy
taxon
kingdom
the variety of organisms considered at all levels from popula…
the science of describing, naming and classifying organisms
a particular group within a taxonomic system
Linnaeus's largest category of classification which modern bi…
biodiversity
the variety of organisms considered at all levels from popula…
taxonomy
the science of describing, naming and classifying organisms
DNA Biology Honors
Nucleotide
RNA
mRNA
tRNA
Building block of a nucleic acid
Contains ribose, is single stranded, contains uracil
Takes a copy of DNA out to the ribososme
Takes amino acids to the ribosome
Nucleotide
Building block of a nucleic acid
RNA
Contains ribose, is single stranded, contains uracil
101 terms
Water- Messina Biology Honors
Non-polar Molecule
Hydrophlic
Hydrophobic
This is a Polar Molcule
No charge
Likes Water
Does NOT like Water
Water
Non-polar Molecule
No charge
Hydrophlic
Likes Water
65 terms
Biology Honors
Carolus Linnaeus
Linnaean Taxonomy classifys based on
7 hierarchal levels
Binomial nomenclature
Sweish botAnist, came up with a system to organize the many s…
Physical and structural similarities
Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
System to name each species
Carolus Linnaeus
Sweish botAnist, came up with a system to organize the many s…
Linnaean Taxonomy classifys based on
Physical and structural similarities
Ecology - Honors Biology
Ecosystems
Biotic Factors
Abiotic Factors
Levels of ecological organization
All the living and non-living things that interect in an area.
Living things in an ecosystem
Non-living factors including temperature, water, sunlight, wi…
Groups of organisms at progressive levels
Ecosystems
All the living and non-living things that interect in an area.
Biotic Factors
Living things in an ecosystem
Honors Biology
ecology
ecosystem
biotic
abiotic
the study of nature, how living and non-living things affect…
all living and non-living factors and their interactions with…
living
non-living
ecology
the study of nature, how living and non-living things affect…
ecosystem
all living and non-living factors and their interactions with…
honors biology
metabolism
proton
acid
monosaccharide
the sum of all chemical reactions that occur within a single…
a positive subatomic particle that is found in the nuclei of…
a substance that releases hydrogen ions into a solution; pH<7
the basic molecular unit of all carbohydrates
metabolism
the sum of all chemical reactions that occur within a single…
proton
a positive subatomic particle that is found in the nuclei of…
BIOLOGY 1 HONORS MIDTERM
cell
tissue
organ
organ system
smallest unit of life capable of carrying out all of the func…
group of cells that performs a specific function in an organism
several different types of tissues that function together for…
several organs working together to perform a specific function
cell
smallest unit of life capable of carrying out all of the func…
tissue
group of cells that performs a specific function in an organism
42 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 2
matter
element
trace element
compound
that which has mass and occupies space
any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur…
an element that occurs at very small quantities in the body b…
a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements…
matter
that which has mass and occupies space
element
any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur…
149 terms
Honors Biology
Independent variable
Dependent variable
Control
control group
What you change
Results on independent variable
What stays the same
Group stays the same
Independent variable
What you change
Dependent variable
Results on independent variable
17 terms
Honors Biology
Leeuwenhoek
Hooke
Lister
Schwann
Dutch scientist. Discovered tiny living creatures in water. M…
British scientist. Published a book of microscopic images. Us…
Created a multi-lens microscope.
Studied animal cells, in specific frog blood. Met with Schlei…
Leeuwenhoek
Dutch scientist. Discovered tiny living creatures in water. M…
Hooke
British scientist. Published a book of microscopic images. Us…
17 terms
Honors biology
Nucleus
Rough ER
Smooth ER
Golgi Apparatus
Stores DNA
Transports synthesized proteins
Produces hormones and other secretary products
Packages macromolecules to transport
Nucleus
Stores DNA
Rough ER
Transports synthesized proteins
87 terms
Unit 3 Cells - Honors Biology
organelle
nucleus (6)
ribosome (4)
cell membrane (9)
tiny structure that performs a specialized function (or job)…
Holds & protects the genetic information of the cell.
Where proteins are made
Controls what enters and leaves the cell
organelle
tiny structure that performs a specialized function (or job)…
nucleus (6)
Holds & protects the genetic information of the cell.
114 terms
DNA Test -Biology Honors
Frederick Griffith
Hershey and Chase
Nucleotide
DNA and RNA are...
1928... Living bacteria get "transformed" by dead bacteria
1952... Radioactivity, bacteria and viruses prove DNA is genetic…
the monomer unit of DNA and RNA... contains- nitrogenous base, 5…
polymers of nucleotide
Frederick Griffith
1928... Living bacteria get "transformed" by dead bacteria
Hershey and Chase
1952... Radioactivity, bacteria and viruses prove DNA is genetic…
46 terms
Honors Biology
Scientific Method
Hypothesis
Deductive reasoning
Inductive reasoning
The scientific method is a process for experimentation that i…
proposed explanation for a set of observations, deductive rea…
logic used in hypothesis-based science to come up with ways t…
reasoning derives from general principles from a large number…
Scientific Method
The scientific method is a process for experimentation that i…
Hypothesis
proposed explanation for a set of observations, deductive rea…
Honors Biology: 1st Semester
A/B/A: What is the shape of DNA?
A/B/B: What is the structure of a nucl…
A/B/C: What are the proper nucleotide…
A/B/D: What is the process of semicons…
Double Helix (twisted ladder)
A phosphate group, a 5-carbon sugar, and a nitrogenous base
A-T/U and G-C... pyrimidine bases pair with purine bases
DNA replication by using one parent strand and using it as a…
A/B/A: What is the shape of DNA?
Double Helix (twisted ladder)
A/B/B: What is the structure of a nucl…
A phosphate group, a 5-carbon sugar, and a nitrogenous base
biology honors
order
reproduction
growth and development
energy processing
living things
every living thing reproduces
1st word increasing in size 2nd word maturing process
all living things require energy
order
living things
reproduction
every living thing reproduces
Evolution-Honors Biology
Lamarck
Lyell
Malthus
Breeding/Artificial Selection
French naturalist who suggested that organisms change over ti…
Geologist who wrote "Principles of Geology," which suggested…
Economist who wrote a paper which suggested that in human pop…
a process by which humans choose traits in certain organisms…
Lamarck
French naturalist who suggested that organisms change over ti…
Lyell
Geologist who wrote "Principles of Geology," which suggested…
49 terms
Honors Biology | Chapter 47
ecosystem
biotic factor
abiotic factor
primary producers
the interaction of organisms and a physical environment throu…
any living part of the environment with which an organism mig…
physical components of an ecosystem; e.g, sunlight, rock
autotrophs, obtain energy from a nonliving source, using it t…
ecosystem
the interaction of organisms and a physical environment throu…
biotic factor
any living part of the environment with which an organism mig…
25 terms
Honors Biology
Observation
Inference
Hypothesis
Independent Variable & Dependent Varia…
What you see.
Using what you know to estimate
...
I.V effects D.V
Observation
What you see.
Inference
Using what you know to estimate
49 terms
Honors Biology
Hydrolysis
Lipids
Lipids
Lipids
Breaks a polymer by adding H20
Contain C, H, and O, have a ratio of H:O that is much greater…
Include fats, oils, waxes, and steroids.
Can be used in cell parts(Cell Membrane), forms when a glycer…
Hydrolysis
Breaks a polymer by adding H20
Lipids
Contain C, H, and O, have a ratio of H:O that is much greater…
14 terms
Biology. Honors
Atom
Compound
Element
Adhesion
Basic unit of matter
Chemical formed by 2 or more elements
Pure substance. Only 1 type of atom
Force between different atoms
Atom
Basic unit of matter
Compound
Chemical formed by 2 or more elements
Honors Biology
monomer
nucleic acid
monosaccharides
autotrophs
repeated single-molecule unit
very large and complex organic molecules that stores importan…
simple sugars
they do make their own food
monomer
repeated single-molecule unit
nucleic acid
very large and complex organic molecules that stores importan…
Honors Biology-Digestion
Digestive
Mouth
Esophagus
Peristalsis
system that breaks down food
where digestion begins
- muscular tube 25 cm long... - connects pharynx with stomach... -…
wave-like action that moves food
Digestive
system that breaks down food
Mouth
where digestion begins
Biology Honors
herbivore
carnivores
omnivore
autotroph
an animal that only eat plants
an animal that feeds on flesh
an animal or person that eats food of both plant and animal o…
an organism that produces complex organism compunds
herbivore
an animal that only eat plants
carnivores
an animal that feeds on flesh
20 terms
Honors Biology: Energy and Metabolism
Energy
First Law of Thermodynamics
Entropy
Chemical energy
The capacity to cause change, do work.
Energy can be transferred and transformed, but it can't be cr…
A measure of disorder or randomness.
Energy available in molecules for release in a chemical react…
Energy
The capacity to cause change, do work.
First Law of Thermodynamics
Energy can be transferred and transformed, but it can't be cr…
12 terms
Natural Selection - Honors Biology
Adaptation
Fitness
Natural Selection
Population
An anatomical, physiological or behavioral trait that improve…
A measure of an individual's hereditary contribution to the n…
The process by which individuals who are better adapted to th…
A group of organisms of the same species that live in a speci…
Adaptation
An anatomical, physiological or behavioral trait that improve…
Fitness
A measure of an individual's hereditary contribution to the n…
91 terms
Honors Biology
Cell Theory
organelle
nucleus
cell membrane
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
A part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for…
A cell structure that controls which substances can enter or…
Cell Theory
The theory that cells form the fundamental structural and fun…
organelle
A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function wi…
Owls Honors Biology
science
observation
inference
hypothesis
an organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
the act of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
a logical interpretation based on what scientists already kno…
a scientific explanation for a set of observations that can b…
science
an organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about th…
observation
the act of noticing and describing events or processes in a c…
Honors Biology
Levels of Organization 1
Levels of Organization 2
Levels of organization 3
Levels of organization 4
Atoms
Molecules
macromolecules
organelles
Levels of Organization 1
Atoms
Levels of Organization 2
Molecules
38 terms
Honors Biology
facts
inference
hypothesis
theory in science
something that has evidence to back it up
a logical conclusion
an if...then... statement about the lab that you will be pref…
this is the philosophy concerned with the foundations, method…
facts
something that has evidence to back it up
inference
a logical conclusion
129 terms
Honors Biology
organ systems
function of the digestive system
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
The human body is made up of several organ systems that all w…
The function of the digestive system is digestion and absorpt…
Part of digestion that uses movement and muscles to break dow…
Enzymes break down macromolecules into smaller molecules that…
organ systems
The human body is made up of several organ systems that all w…
function of the digestive system
The function of the digestive system is digestion and absorpt…
Honors Biology 3
Membrane Composition
How is lipid bilayer formed?
What allows passage into the interior?
What is not allowed into the interior…
Proteins and Phospholipids
Head and tail relation to water, non polar tail is going to b…
Channel proteins
Non polar sugar
Membrane Composition
Proteins and Phospholipids
How is lipid bilayer formed?
Head and tail relation to water, non polar tail is going to b…
Honors Biology
Stimulus
DNA
Goals of science
Why do we use the scientific method
reaction
a genetic code
-provide natural explanations for events... -use explanations to…
...
Stimulus
reaction
DNA
a genetic code
4 of 10