Study sets matching "honors chem"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "honors chem"

18 terms
Honors Chemistry
Quantum numbers
Hunds Rule
Ground State
Excited State
Address system for electrons
Everybody wants some
Lowest energy state of an atom
A state in which an atom has higher potential energy than gro…
Quantum numbers
Address system for electrons
Hunds Rule
Everybody wants some
Honors Chemistry
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
H
Helium
He
22 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Periodic table
Periodic law
group
family
Arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
Natural law that states that the physical and chemical proper…
Vertical column of the periodic table that contains elements…
Vertical column of the periodic table that contains elements…
Periodic table
Arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
Periodic law
Natural law that states that the physical and chemical proper…
20 terms
Honors Chemistry
Hydrogen
Calcium
Potassium
Argon
H
Ca
K
Ar
Hydrogen
H
Calcium
Ca
42 terms
Honors Chemistry Lab Equipment
Erlenmeyer flasks
beakers
reaction plates
graduated cylinders
contain liquids
contain liquids
contain small amounts of liquids and solids
measure liquid volume
Erlenmeyer flasks
contain liquids
beakers
contain liquids
339 terms
Honors Chemistry Midterm Quizlet
Matter
Chemistry
Areas of chemistry:
inorganic chemistry
anything that has mass and occupies space
study of the composition of matter and the changes that matte…
inorganic... organic... biochemistry... analytical... physical ... pure... appl…
study of chemicals that do NOT contain carbon
Matter
anything that has mass and occupies space
Chemistry
study of the composition of matter and the changes that matte…
28 terms
Honors Chemistry
Valence Electrons
Oxidation numbers
Cations
Anions
e- located on the outer most energy lvl
Charge of an atom will obtain in a chemical change
lose e-
gain e-
Valence Electrons
e- located on the outer most energy lvl
Oxidation numbers
Charge of an atom will obtain in a chemical change
Honors Chemistry Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Law of Conservation of Mass
Law of Definite Proportions
Law of Multiple Proportions
Atom
The law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
The law that states that a chemical compound always contains…
The law that states that when two elements combine to form tw…
The smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
Law of Conservation of Mass
The law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
Law of Definite Proportions
The law that states that a chemical compound always contains…
54 terms
Chemistry Honors
Binary Compounds
Binary Ionic Compounds
Binary Covalent Compounds
positive cations, negative anions.
Composed of two elements
Metal—nonmetal
Nonmetal—nonmetal
Binary ionic compounds contain_____________ ______________ an…
Binary Compounds
Composed of two elements
Binary Ionic Compounds
Metal—nonmetal
65 terms
Honors Chemistry
4 Elements
Difference: Scientists and Alchemists
Boil
Volta
Earth, Water, Fire, Air
Tell People Ideas: Don't Tell Anyone
...
dissected frog with 2 different metals and frog was in salt w…
4 Elements
Earth, Water, Fire, Air
Difference: Scientists and Alchemists
Tell People Ideas: Don't Tell Anyone
76 terms
Honors Chemistry
matter
element
compounds
What is O2?
particles that make up the universe atomic fundamental unbrea…
substance consisting of atoms which all have the same number…
combine 2 or more different elements (H2O, Co2, NaHCO3)
a molecule not a compound
matter
particles that make up the universe atomic fundamental unbrea…
element
substance consisting of atoms which all have the same number…
28 terms
Honors Chemistry
Valence Electrons
Oxidation numbers
Cations
Anions
e- located on the outer most energy lvl
Charge of an atom will obtain in a chemical change
lose e-
gain e-
Valence Electrons
e- located on the outer most energy lvl
Oxidation numbers
Charge of an atom will obtain in a chemical change
Honors Chemistry Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Scientific Method
System
Hypothesis
Model
a series of steps followed to solve problems, including colle…
A set of particles or interacting components considered to be…
An explanation that is based on prior scientific research or…
A pattern, plan, representation, or descriptive designed to s…
Scientific Method
a series of steps followed to solve problems, including colle…
System
A set of particles or interacting components considered to be…
Honors Chemistry
macroscopic
microscopic
system
mass
stuff you can directly see
stuff you use diagrams to represent
specific area and the matter contained within it
stays constant if nothing enters or leaves the system
macroscopic
stuff you can directly see
microscopic
stuff you use diagrams to represent
61 terms
Chemistry Honors
solid
liquid
gas
add energy
def. volume and shape, particles vibrate/rotate in place, arr…
def. volume but not shape, particles slip around
not def. volume or shape, particles fly around, loosest attra…
molecules speed up, unorganized
solid
def. volume and shape, particles vibrate/rotate in place, arr…
liquid
def. volume but not shape, particles slip around
41 terms
Honors Chemistry
Plastic wash bottle
Platform balance
Ring stand
Rubber stoppers
Flexible plastic; squeeze sides to dispense water.
Also known as a triple beam balance
Metal rod fixed upright in a heavy base; has many uses as a s…
Several sizes
Plastic wash bottle
Flexible plastic; squeeze sides to dispense water.
Platform balance
Also known as a triple beam balance
Honors Chemistry
Soluble
Insoluble
Oxidation-Reduction
Precipitation Reaction (Double Displac…
Completely falls apart
Forms solid
Transfer of electrons; metal and nonmetal
AB + CD -> AD + CB
Soluble
Completely falls apart
Insoluble
Forms solid
160 terms
Chemistry Honors
Significant Figures
Scientific Notation
Chemistry
English System
-All the digits that can be known precisely in a measurement,…
A method of writing or displaying numbers in terms of a decim…
the study of matter and how it changes
Also referred to as the U.S. Customary system
Significant Figures
-All the digits that can be known precisely in a measurement,…
Scientific Notation
A method of writing or displaying numbers in terms of a decim…
Chemistry Honors Final Exam
an oxyacid contains
An acid ending with the suffix -ic pro…
Arrhenius theorized that an acid is a…
A substance that ionizes nearly comple…
oxygen, hydrogen and one other element
suffix -ate
increases the concentration of hydrogen ions when dissolved i…
strong acid
an oxyacid contains
oxygen, hydrogen and one other element
An acid ending with the suffix -ic pro…
suffix -ate
Honors Chemistry Quantum Numbers
Principle Quantum Number
Orbital Quantum Number
Magnetic Quantum Number
Spin Quantum Number
describes the main energy level of electron. symbol is n
describes type or shape of orbital occupied by the electron.…
describes axis of orientation of electron
describes the direction of rotation of electron
Principle Quantum Number
describes the main energy level of electron. symbol is n
Orbital Quantum Number
describes type or shape of orbital occupied by the electron.…
48 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Law of Constant Composition
Chemical Formula
Empirical Formula
Molecular Formula
States that elements combine in fixed proportions to form com…
A form of writing a compound which indicates the elements pre…
The simplest whole-number ratio of atoms of each element in a…
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule of t…
Law of Constant Composition
States that elements combine in fixed proportions to form com…
Chemical Formula
A form of writing a compound which indicates the elements pre…
68 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Max Planck
Albert Einstein
Photons
Neils Bohr
1900: Studying radiation... -Explained every form of energy has…
1905: Described the photoelectric effect... -Said light is emitt…
A quantum of light; a discrete bundle of electromagnetic ener…
1913: Studied the emission spectra and found that each elemen…
Max Planck
1900: Studying radiation... -Explained every form of energy has…
Albert Einstein
1905: Described the photoelectric effect... -Said light is emitt…
36 terms
Honors Chemistry Midterm
Aristole
Democritus
Lavoisier
Proust
Continuous Theory of Matter... establish 4 elements: fire, air,…
Discontinuous Theory of Matter... first mention atom
Law of Conservation of Mass
Law of Definite Composition
Aristole
Continuous Theory of Matter... establish 4 elements: fire, air,…
Democritus
Discontinuous Theory of Matter... first mention atom
216 terms
CHEMISTRY HONORS MIDTERM
extensive property
intensive property
extensive
extensive
used to describe matter; depends on the AMOUNT of matter in t…
used to describe matter; depends on the TYPE of matter, not t…
Extensive or intensive? Mass
Extensive or intensive? Volume
extensive property
used to describe matter; depends on the AMOUNT of matter in t…
intensive property
used to describe matter; depends on the TYPE of matter, not t…
106 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 4
Physical and Chemical
12
58
Dobereiner
Chemists categorized elements based on their similarities in…
How many elements were known before 1700
How many elements were known by 1850?
Classified elements into triads.
Physical and Chemical
Chemists categorized elements based on their similarities in…
12
How many elements were known before 1700
49 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 3
What are physical properties
Examples of physical properties
chemical properties
examples of chemical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the composit…
color... state of matter... melting and boiling point... density... solub…
the property of a substance relating to its tendancy to under…
flammability... reactivity... toxicity
What are physical properties
properties that can be observed without changing the composit…
Examples of physical properties
color... state of matter... melting and boiling point... density... solub…
Chemistry Honors Unit 2
How many Groups are there on the perio…
How many periods are on the periodic t…
That is the name of the First Group?
What is the name of the 2nd Group?
There are 18 vertical groups / families
There are 7 horizontal rows / periods
Alkai Metals
Alkaline Earth Metals
How many Groups are there on the perio…
There are 18 vertical groups / families
How many periods are on the periodic t…
There are 7 horizontal rows / periods
19 terms
Honors Chemistry
2 parts of a balanced equation
Law of conservation of matter
Types of reaction
1 mole is equal to
reactants, products
the mass of the system must remain constant over time, as sys…
Synthesis-Combination... Single Displacement... Double Displacement…
6.022 x 10^23
2 parts of a balanced equation
reactants, products
Law of conservation of matter
the mass of the system must remain constant over time, as sys…
18 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Amplitude
Atomic emission spectrum
atomic orbital
aufbau principle
the height of a wave's crest
a set of frequencies of electromagnetic waves given off by at…
A three-dimensional region around the nucleus of an atom that…
electrons enter orbitals of lowest energy first
Amplitude
the height of a wave's crest
Atomic emission spectrum
a set of frequencies of electromagnetic waves given off by at…
Ch. 4 Honors Chemistry
Electromagnetic Radiation
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Wavelength
Frequency
The radiation associated with an electric and magnetic field;…
All of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
The distance from any point on the next wave.
The number of cycles or vibrations per unit of time; ALSO, th…
Electromagnetic Radiation
The radiation associated with an electric and magnetic field;…
Electromagnetic Spectrum
All of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
39 terms
HONORS CHEMISTRY
Ammonium
Acetate
Hydroxide
Nitrate
NH₄⁺
C₂H₃O₂⁻
OH⁻
NO₃⁻
Ammonium
NH₄⁺
Acetate
C₂H₃O₂⁻
39 terms
Honors Chemistry
Independent Variable
Dependent Variable
Controlled Variable
Theory
Changes during the experiment
Variable you observe
Doesn't change during the experiment
Science that seems legit
Independent Variable
Changes during the experiment
Dependent Variable
Variable you observe
106 terms
Honors Chemistry Semester 1
solid
liquid
gas
physical property
-has a definite shape and volume... -tightly packed
-has definite volume but not a definite shape... -loosely packed
-fills space given... -no definite shape or volume
Observed without changing the identity of the substance.... EX.…
solid
-has a definite shape and volume... -tightly packed
liquid
-has definite volume but not a definite shape... -loosely packed
Honors Chemistry
C₂H₃O₂¹⁻
NH₄¹⁺
AsO₄³⁻
C₆H₅COO¹⁻
acetate ion
ammonium ion
arsenate ion
benzoate ion
C₂H₃O₂¹⁻
acetate ion
NH₄¹⁺
ammonium ion
134 terms
Honors Chemistry summer homework
H
Li
Be
Na
hydrogen
Lithium
Beryllium
Sodium
H
hydrogen
Li
Lithium
17 terms
Chemistry honors
NO3-
NO2-
CO3(2-)
PO4(3-)
Nitrate
Nitrite
Carbonate
Phosphate
NO3-
Nitrate
NO2-
Nitrite
Honors Chemistry
measurement
data
SI (International system of units)
Derived unit
the act of comparing an unknown quantity to a standard unit;…
information collected through observation , any recorded obse…
The modern standard metric system used by research scientists…
Any mathematical combination of the base unit. The SI contain…
measurement
the act of comparing an unknown quantity to a standard unit;…
data
information collected through observation , any recorded obse…
Chemistry Honors Fall Final
Chemistry
Matter
Mass
Law of Conservation of Matter
the study of matter, its structure and properties, its reacti…
anything that has mass and takes up space and volume
the amount of matter in an object
matter is neither created nor destroyed; the matter can chang…
Chemistry
the study of matter, its structure and properties, its reacti…
Matter
anything that has mass and takes up space and volume
45 terms
Honors Chemistry
Hydrogen
Lithium
Beryllium
Sodium
H
Li
Be
Na
Hydrogen
H
Lithium
Li
44 terms
Honors Chemistry
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
Hydrogen
He
Helium
79 terms
Chemistry Honors
Iron (II) / Ferrous
Iron (III) / Ferric
Copper (I) / Cuprous
Copper (II) / Cupric
Fe^2+
Fe^3+
Cu^+
Cu^2+
Iron (II) / Ferrous
Fe^2+
Iron (III) / Ferric
Fe^3+
17 terms
Honors Chemistry
Length
Mass
Solid Volume
Liquid Volume
SI unit : Meter. Equipment: Meter stick/Ruler. ... Def: A measur…
SI Unit: Gram (g). Equipment: Balance. ... Def: A measure of the…
SI Unit: Cubic Meter. Equipment: Ruler/Water Displacement.
SI Unit: Liter (L) or Milliliter (mL). Equipment: Graduated C…
Length
SI unit : Meter. Equipment: Meter stick/Ruler. ... Def: A measur…
Mass
SI Unit: Gram (g). Equipment: Balance. ... Def: A measure of the…
18 terms
Honors Chemistry
Quantum numbers
Hunds Rule
Ground State
Excited State
Address system for electrons
Everybody wants some
Lowest energy state of an atom
A state in which an atom has higher potential energy than gro…
Quantum numbers
Address system for electrons
Hunds Rule
Everybody wants some
36 terms
Honors chemistry
Science
Chemistry
Chemical
Organic
The knowledge obtained by observing natural events and condit…
The study of the composition, structure, and properties of ma…
Any substance that has a definite composition.
The study of most carbon containing compounds.
Science
The knowledge obtained by observing natural events and condit…
Chemistry
The study of the composition, structure, and properties of ma…
17 terms
Honors Chemistry
Periodic table
Periodic law
group
family
Arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
Natural law that states that the physical and chemical proper…
Vertical column of the periodic table that contains elements…
Vertical column of the periodic table that contains elements…
Periodic table
Arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
Periodic law
Natural law that states that the physical and chemical proper…
Honors Chemistry
Avogadro's Hypothesis
Boiling
Condensing
Deposition
equal volumes of two ideal gases under the same conditions of…
The transition of a liquid into a gas at theboiling point
The transition of a gas into a liquid at the boiling point
The transition of a gas into a solid
Avogadro's Hypothesis
equal volumes of two ideal gases under the same conditions of…
Boiling
The transition of a liquid into a gas at theboiling point
Honors Chemistry
Bunsen Burner
Clay Triangle
Ring Stand
Evaporation Dish
Used for heat
Supports the crucible
Holds equipment (supports rings and clamp)
Evaporates solvents
Bunsen Burner
Used for heat
Clay Triangle
Supports the crucible
221 terms
Honors chemistry
Analysis
Coefficient
Control
Conversion Factor
The step in the scientific notation where data is used to sol…
The number in front of a formula.
Conditions which remain constant during the experiment.
A number or ratio (in factor form) that is used to convert fr…
Analysis
The step in the scientific notation where data is used to sol…
Coefficient
The number in front of a formula.
29 terms
Honors Chemistry
Group 1
Group 2
Group 15*
Group 16*
+1
+2
-3
-2
Group 1
+1
Group 2
+2
Chemistry Honors
Aufbau's Principle
Hund's Rule
Pauli's Exclusion
Orbital
Electrons will fill lowest energy levels first (closest to th…
Electrons will enter orbitals singly
electrons will enter orbitals with opposite spin
Pair of electrons
Aufbau's Principle
Electrons will fill lowest energy levels first (closest to th…
Hund's Rule
Electrons will enter orbitals singly
1 of 10