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Study sets matching "honors chem"

61 terms
Honors Chemistry
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
H
Helium
He
22 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Periodic table
Periodic law
group
family
Arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
Natural law that states that the physical and chemical proper…
Vertical column of the periodic table that contains elements…
Vertical column of the periodic table that contains elements…
Periodic table
Arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
Periodic law
Natural law that states that the physical and chemical proper…
42 terms
Honors Chemistry Lab Equipment
Erlenmeyer flasks
beakers
reaction plates
graduated cylinders
contain liquids
contain liquids
contain small amounts of liquids and solids
measure liquid volume
Erlenmeyer flasks
contain liquids
beakers
contain liquids
14 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Law of Conservation of Mass
Law of Definite Proportions
Law of Multiple Proportions
Atom
The law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
The law that states that a chemical compound always contains…
The law that states that when two elements combine to form tw…
The smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
Law of Conservation of Mass
The law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
Law of Definite Proportions
The law that states that a chemical compound always contains…
18 terms
Honors Chemistry
Quantum numbers
Hunds Rule
Ground State
Excited State
Address system for electrons
Everybody wants some
Lowest energy state of an atom
A state in which an atom has higher potential energy than gro…
Quantum numbers
Address system for electrons
Hunds Rule
Everybody wants some
20 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Scientific Method
System
Hypothesis
Model
a series of steps followed to solve problems, including colle…
A set of particles or interacting components considered to be…
An explanation that is based on prior scientific research or…
A pattern, plan, representation, or descriptive designed to s…
Scientific Method
a series of steps followed to solve problems, including colle…
System
A set of particles or interacting components considered to be…
28 terms
Honors Chemistry
Valence Electrons
Oxidation numbers
Cations
Anions
e- located on the outer most energy lvl
Charge of an atom will obtain in a chemical change
lose e-
gain e-
Valence Electrons
e- located on the outer most energy lvl
Oxidation numbers
Charge of an atom will obtain in a chemical change
41 terms
Honors Chemistry
Plastic wash bottle
Platform balance
Ring stand
Rubber stoppers
Flexible plastic; squeeze sides to dispense water.
Also known as a triple beam balance
Metal rod fixed upright in a heavy base; has many uses as a s…
Several sizes
Plastic wash bottle
Flexible plastic; squeeze sides to dispense water.
Platform balance
Also known as a triple beam balance
19 terms
Honors Chemistry
2 parts of a balanced equation
Law of conservation of matter
Types of reaction
1 mole is equal to
reactants, products
the mass of the system must remain constant over time, as sys…
Synthesis-Combination... Single Displacement... Double Displacement…
6.022 x 10^23
2 parts of a balanced equation
reactants, products
Law of conservation of matter
the mass of the system must remain constant over time, as sys…
20 terms
Honors Chemistry
Hydrogen
Calcium
Potassium
Argon
H
Ca
K
Ar
Hydrogen
H
Calcium
Ca
203 terms
Honors Chemistry
What is science... What do they ask
Fully describe the 7 part scientific m…
Define matter
Define element
Science is about discovery. Scientists ask "If i do ____what…
1. Observe something in the world... 2. Hypothesis... 3. Set up exp…
Anything that is stuff or substance physically present
Smallest single structural unit of matter that contains the u…
What is science... What do they ask
Science is about discovery. Scientists ask "If i do ____what…
Fully describe the 7 part scientific m…
1. Observe something in the world... 2. Hypothesis... 3. Set up exp…
Honors Chemistry
macroscopic
microscopic
system
mass
stuff you can directly see
stuff you use diagrams to represent
specific area and the matter contained within it
stays constant if nothing enters or leaves the system
macroscopic
stuff you can directly see
microscopic
stuff you use diagrams to represent
131 terms
Chemistry Honors
Significant Figures
Scientific Notation
Chemistry
English System
-All the digits that can be known precisely in a measurement,…
A method of writing or displaying numbers in terms of a decim…
the study of matter and how it changes
Also referred to as the U.S. Customary system
Significant Figures
-All the digits that can be known precisely in a measurement,…
Scientific Notation
A method of writing or displaying numbers in terms of a decim…
15 terms
Chapter 6 Honors Chemistry
Anion
Binary compound
Cation
Chemical formula
any atom or group of atoms with a negative charge
A compound composed of two elements; NaCl and A₂O₃
any atom or group of atoms with a positive charge
shows the number and types of atoms present in the smallest r…
Anion
any atom or group of atoms with a negative charge
Binary compound
A compound composed of two elements; NaCl and A₂O₃
54 terms
Chemistry Honors
Binary Compounds
Binary Ionic Compounds
Binary Covalent Compounds
positive cations, negative anions.
Composed of two elements
Metal—nonmetal
Nonmetal—nonmetal
Binary ionic compounds contain_____________ ______________ an…
Binary Compounds
Composed of two elements
Binary Ionic Compounds
Metal—nonmetal
28 terms
Honors Chemistry
C₂H₃O₂¹⁻
NH₄¹⁺
AsO₄³⁻
C₆H₅COO¹⁻
acetate ion
ammonium ion
arsenate ion
benzoate ion
C₂H₃O₂¹⁻
acetate ion
NH₄¹⁺
ammonium ion
165 terms
Honors Chemistry Midterm Review
1. An example of an intensive physical…
2. An example of an extensive physical…
3. The state of matter in which a mate…
4. The state of matter in which a mate…
density, scent - properties that are independent of amount
length, volume, mass - properties that are DEPENDENT on the a…
liquid
solid state
1. An example of an intensive physical…
density, scent - properties that are independent of amount
2. An example of an extensive physical…
length, volume, mass - properties that are DEPENDENT on the a…
106 terms
Honors Chemistry Exam Review
atomic number
mass number
isotopes
Avogadro's number
The same as the number of protons in the nucleus of an elemen…
The sum of an atom's neutrons and protons
Atoms of an element with different numbers of neutrons
6.022×10²³ particles per one mole
atomic number
The same as the number of protons in the nucleus of an elemen…
mass number
The sum of an atom's neutrons and protons
165 terms
Chemistry Honors Final Exam
an oxyacid contains
An acid ending with the suffix -ic pro…
Arrhenius theorized that an acid is a…
A substance that ionizes nearly comple…
oxygen, hydrogen and one other element
suffix -ate
increases the concentration of hydrogen ions when dissolved i…
strong acid
an oxyacid contains
oxygen, hydrogen and one other element
An acid ending with the suffix -ic pro…
suffix -ate
33 terms
Honors Chemistry - Lab Equipment
Erlenmeyer flask
safety goggles
Bunsen burner
pipestem triangle
Erlenmeyer flask
safety goggles
48 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Law of Constant Composition
Chemical Formula
Empirical Formula
Molecular Formula
States that elements combine in fixed proportions to form com…
A form of writing a compound which indicates the elements pre…
The simplest whole-number ratio of atoms of each element in a…
The actual number of atoms of each element in a molecule of t…
Law of Constant Composition
States that elements combine in fixed proportions to form com…
Chemical Formula
A form of writing a compound which indicates the elements pre…
216 terms
CHEMISTRY HONORS MIDTERM
extensive property
intensive property
extensive
extensive
used to describe matter; depends on the AMOUNT of matter in t…
used to describe matter; depends on the TYPE of matter, not t…
Extensive or intensive? Mass
Extensive or intensive? Volume
extensive property
used to describe matter; depends on the AMOUNT of matter in t…
intensive property
used to describe matter; depends on the TYPE of matter, not t…
36 terms
Honors Chemistry | Finals Review
0.623L
7g
Mila Kunis Has Dang Beautiful Dogs, Ca…
Physical change
Convert 623mL into L
Convert 0.007kg into g
What is the acronym for unit conversion table?
Is boiling water a physical or chemical change?
0.623L
Convert 623mL into L
7g
Convert 0.007kg into g
68 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Max Planck
Albert Einstein
Photons
Neils Bohr
1900: Studying radiation... -Explained every form of energy has…
1905: Described the photoelectric effect... -Said light is emitt…
A quantum of light; a discrete bundle of electromagnetic ener…
1913: Studied the emission spectra and found that each elemen…
Max Planck
1900: Studying radiation... -Explained every form of energy has…
Albert Einstein
1905: Described the photoelectric effect... -Said light is emitt…
106 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 4
Physical and Chemical
12
58
Dobereiner
Chemists categorized elements based on their similarities in…
How many elements were known before 1700
How many elements were known by 1850?
Classified elements into triads.
Physical and Chemical
Chemists categorized elements based on their similarities in…
12
How many elements were known before 1700
43 terms
Honors Chemistry Lab Equipment
Erlenmeyer flasks
beakers
reaction (well) plates
graduated cylinders
contain liquids
contain liquids
contain small amounts of liquids and solids
measure liquid volume
Erlenmeyer flasks
contain liquids
beakers
contain liquids
18 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Amplitude
Atomic emission spectrum
atomic orbital
aufbau principle
the height of a wave's crest
a set of frequencies of electromagnetic waves given off by at…
A three-dimensional region around the nucleus of an atom that…
electrons enter orbitals of lowest energy first
Amplitude
the height of a wave's crest
Atomic emission spectrum
a set of frequencies of electromagnetic waves given off by at…
12 terms
Chemistry Honors
What is scientific method?
What are the 4 steps to the scientific…
What is Qualitative data?
What is an example of qualitative data?
a logical, systematic approach to the solution of a scientifi…
Observation, Hypothesis, Experiment, & Conclusion
Info that describes the color, odor, shape, etc. Anything tha…
What is scientific method?
a logical, systematic approach to the solution of a scientifi…
What are the 4 steps to the scientific…
Observation, Hypothesis, Experiment, & Conclusion
111 terms
Chemistry Honors Unit 2
How many Groups are there on the perio…
How many periods are on the periodic t…
That is the name of the First Group?
What is the name of the 2nd Group?
There are 18 vertical groups / families
There are 7 horizontal rows / periods
Alkai Metals
Alkaline Earth Metals
How many Groups are there on the perio…
There are 18 vertical groups / families
How many periods are on the periodic t…
There are 7 horizontal rows / periods
28 terms
Polyatomic Ions for Honors Chemistry
dihydrogen phosphate
acetate
hydrogen sulfite
hydrogen sulfate
H₂PO₄⁻
C₂H₃O₂⁻
HSO₃⁻
HSO₄⁻
dihydrogen phosphate
H₂PO₄⁻
acetate
C₂H₃O₂⁻
25 terms
Ch. 4 Honors Chemistry
Electromagnetic Radiation
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Wavelength
Frequency
The radiation associated with an electric and magnetic field;…
All of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
The distance from any point on the next wave.
The number of cycles or vibrations per unit of time; ALSO, th…
Electromagnetic Radiation
The radiation associated with an electric and magnetic field;…
Electromagnetic Spectrum
All of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radi…
14 terms
Chemistry 10H: Honors Bonding
VSEPR Theory
2 total 0 unbonded
3 total 0 unbonded
3 total 1 unbonded
Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory, minimizes the r…
linear 180°
trigonal planar 120°
bent <120°
VSEPR Theory
Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory, minimizes the r…
2 total 0 unbonded
linear 180°
42 terms
Honors Chemistry
Bunsen Burner
Clay Triangle
Ring Stand
Evaporation Dish
Used for heat
Supports the crucible
Holds equipment (supports rings and clamp)
Evaporates solvents
Bunsen Burner
Used for heat
Clay Triangle
Supports the crucible
76 terms
Honors Chemistry
matter
element
compounds
What is O2?
particles that make up the universe atomic fundamental unbrea…
substance consisting of atoms which all have the same number…
combine 2 or more different elements (H2O, Co2, NaHCO3)
a molecule not a compound
matter
particles that make up the universe atomic fundamental unbrea…
element
substance consisting of atoms which all have the same number…
30 terms
Honors Chemistry Polyatomic ions
thiocyanate
cyanide
bromate
ammonium
thiocyanate
cyanide
39 terms
HONORS CHEMISTRY
Ammonium
Acetate
Hydroxide
Nitrate
NH₄⁺
C₂H₃O₂⁻
OH⁻
NO₃⁻
Ammonium
NH₄⁺
Acetate
C₂H₃O₂⁻
20 terms
Honors Chemistry
Bunsen Burner
Pipestem Triangle
Evaporating Dish
Test Tubes
Bunsen Burner
Pipestem Triangle
24 terms
Honors Chemistry
Acetate
Ammonium
Oxalate
Carbonate
Acetate
Ammonium
37 terms
Chemistry Honors
hot plate
mortar and pestle
beaker tongs
watch glass
hot plate
mortar and pestle
61 terms
Common Ions (Chemistry Honors)
hydrogen
lithium
sodium
potassium
H⁺¹
Li⁺¹
Na⁺¹
K⁺¹
hydrogen
H⁺¹
lithium
Li⁺¹
28 terms
Honors Chemistry
Valence Electrons
Oxidation numbers
Cations
Anions
e- located on the outer most energy lvl
Charge of an atom will obtain in a chemical change
lose e-
gain e-
Valence Electrons
e- located on the outer most energy lvl
Oxidation numbers
Charge of an atom will obtain in a chemical change
65 terms
Honors Chemistry
4 Elements
Difference: Scientists and Alchemists
Boil
Volta
Earth, Water, Fire, Air
Tell People Ideas: Don't Tell Anyone
...
dissected frog with 2 different metals and frog was in salt w…
4 Elements
Earth, Water, Fire, Air
Difference: Scientists and Alchemists
Tell People Ideas: Don't Tell Anyone
17 terms
Honors Chemistry
Periodic table
Periodic law
group
family
Arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
Natural law that states that the physical and chemical proper…
Vertical column of the periodic table that contains elements…
Vertical column of the periodic table that contains elements…
Periodic table
Arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
Periodic law
Natural law that states that the physical and chemical proper…
134 terms
Honors Chemistry summer homework
H
Li
Be
Na
hydrogen
Lithium
Beryllium
Sodium
H
hydrogen
Li
Lithium
21 terms
Honors Chemistry
Soluble
Insoluble
Oxidation-Reduction
Precipitation Reaction (Double Displac…
Completely falls apart
Forms solid
Transfer of electrons; metal and nonmetal
AB + CD -> AD + CB
Soluble
Completely falls apart
Insoluble
Forms solid
27 terms
honors chemistry
Democritus
antoine /lavoisier
joseph proust
john dalton
450 B.C the man who came up with atom
(1787) law of conservation of mass... during chemical change, ma…
(1800) law of definite proportions ... carbon monoxide= 1/1 h2o=…
atomic theory... 1. all matter is composed of atoms... 2. atoms can…
Democritus
450 B.C the man who came up with atom
antoine /lavoisier
(1787) law of conservation of mass... during chemical change, ma…
36 terms
Honors Chemistry Midterm
Aristole
Democritus
Lavoisier
Proust
Continuous Theory of Matter... establish 4 elements: fire, air,…
Discontinuous Theory of Matter... first mention atom
Law of Conservation of Mass
Law of Definite Composition
Aristole
Continuous Theory of Matter... establish 4 elements: fire, air,…
Democritus
Discontinuous Theory of Matter... first mention atom
44 terms
Chapter 10 Chemistry Honors
energy
potential energy or stored
kinetic energy
Law of Conservation of Energy
the ability to do work or produce heat
the energy available by virtue of an object's position or com…
energy due to the motion of an object; energy of motion; ener…
energy can be converted from one form to another but can neit…
energy
the ability to do work or produce heat
potential energy or stored
the energy available by virtue of an object's position or com…
20 terms
Honors Chemistry Polyatomic Ions
ammonium
acetate
bicarbonate or hydrogen carbonate
bisulfate or hydrogen sulfate
NH₄ ⁺¹
C₂H₃O₂ ⁻¹
HCO₃ ⁻¹
HSO₄ ⁻¹
ammonium
NH₄ ⁺¹
acetate
C₂H₃O₂ ⁻¹
26 terms
Honors Chemistry Quantum Numbers
Principle Quantum Number
Orbital Quantum Number
Magnetic Quantum Number
Spin Quantum Number
describes the main energy level of electron. symbol is n
describes type or shape of orbital occupied by the electron.…
describes axis of orientation of electron
describes the direction of rotation of electron
Principle Quantum Number
describes the main energy level of electron. symbol is n
Orbital Quantum Number
describes type or shape of orbital occupied by the electron.…
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