Study sets matching "honors chemistry a"

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Study sets matching "honors chemistry a"

346 terms
HONORS CHEMISTRY PART A FINAL
How do you add/subtract two numbers wr…
How do you multiply two numbers writte…
How do you divide two numbers written…
Base Units
place all of the numbers in the same power of 10, add or subt…
multiply the first numbers, add the exponents, put the final…
divide the first numbers, subtract the exponents, put the fin…
a unit that is defined by a physical object
How do you add/subtract two numbers wr…
place all of the numbers in the same power of 10, add or subt…
How do you multiply two numbers writte…
multiply the first numbers, add the exponents, put the final…
320 terms
HONORS CHEMISTRY PART A FINAL
Chemistry
Matter
Mass
Volume
the study of matter and it's composition, properties, structu…
anything that has mass and volume
quantity of matter in an object
the amount of space an object occupies
Chemistry
the study of matter and it's composition, properties, structu…
Matter
anything that has mass and volume
Honors chemistry outcome A
Giga
Mega
Kilo
Deci
10^9
10^6
10^3
10^1
Giga
10^9
Mega
10^6
98 terms
Honors Chemistry A Final
Matter
Chemistry
Organic Chem
Inorganic Chem
Anything that has mass and occupies space
The study of matter and the changes it undergoes
Mostly carbon based chemicals
Chemicals that do not contain carbon
Matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space
Chemistry
The study of matter and the changes it undergoes
69 terms
Honors Chemistry Final A
Qualitative
Quantitative
accuracy
precision
measurements in words such as heavy or hot
measurements involving quantities such as grams, inches, etc.
how close the measurement is to the true value
how close the measurements are to each other (reproducibility)
Qualitative
measurements in words such as heavy or hot
Quantitative
measurements involving quantities such as grams, inches, etc.
27 terms
Honors Chemistry A Chapter 4
Atoms
Mass Number
Democritus's Atomic Philosophy
Number of neutrons=
The smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
The total number of protons and neutrons in an atom.
He reasoned atoms were indivisible and indestructible.
Mass number - Atomic number
Atoms
The smallest particle of an element that retains its identity…
Mass Number
The total number of protons and neutrons in an atom.
24 terms
Honors Chemistry A- Chapter 5
The Bohr Model
Energy levels
Quantum
Quantum mechanical model
An electron is found only in specific circular paths, or orbi…
The fixed energies an electron can have
The amount of energy required to move an electron from one en…
Determines the allowed energies an electron can have and how…
The Bohr Model
An electron is found only in specific circular paths, or orbi…
Energy levels
The fixed energies an electron can have
172 terms
Honors Chemistry Final: Trimester A
What are the 3 states of matter?
What are some characteristics of solids?
What are some characteristics of liqui…
What are some characteristics of gases?
Solid, Liquid, and gas.
Particles are packed tightly, definite shape and volume, inco…
Particles close together but can flow past each other, volume…
Particles relatively far apart and can pass each other, takes…
What are the 3 states of matter?
Solid, Liquid, and gas.
What are some characteristics of solids?
Particles are packed tightly, definite shape and volume, inco…
Honors Chemistry 1.A Quiz
Physical Property
Chemical Property
Physical Change
Chemical Change
An observation made with no changes made to the substance. EX…
An observation made when the substance's chemical makeup is c…
An observation made when something changes, but the chemical…
An observation made when the chemical makeup of a substance i…
Physical Property
An observation made with no changes made to the substance. EX…
Chemical Property
An observation made when the substance's chemical makeup is c…
40 terms
Elements to Memorize (Chemistry A Honors)
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
Hydrogen
He
Helium
18 terms
Honors Chemistry
Quantum numbers
Hunds Rule
Ground State
Excited State
Address system for electrons
Everybody wants some
Lowest energy state of an atom
A state in which an atom has higher potential energy than gro…
Quantum numbers
Address system for electrons
Hunds Rule
Everybody wants some
101 terms
Honors Chemistry Semester A Vocabulary
chemistry
chemicals
matter
mixture
The study of the composition, structure, and properties of ma…
Any substance that has a definite composition, e.g. sugar (C6…
Anything that has mass and takes up space, e.g. atoms, molecu…
A combination of two or more pure substances (can be solid, l…
chemistry
The study of the composition, structure, and properties of ma…
chemicals
Any substance that has a definite composition, e.g. sugar (C6…
10 terms
Honors Chemistry group A for quizzes
NO3 (-)
SiO3 (2-)
OH (-)
SO3 (2-)
nitrate ion
silicate ion
Hydroxide ion
Sulfite ion
NO3 (-)
nitrate ion
SiO3 (2-)
silicate ion
12 terms
Honors Chemistry Elements Quiz (A)
Aluminum
Arsenic
Barium
Boron
Al
As
Ba
B
Aluminum
Al
Arsenic
As
22 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 5
Periodic table
Periodic law
group
family
Arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
Natural law that states that the physical and chemical proper…
Vertical column of the periodic table that contains elements…
Vertical column of the periodic table that contains elements…
Periodic table
Arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers…
Periodic law
Natural law that states that the physical and chemical proper…
Honors Chemistry
Hydrogen
Helium
Lithium
Beryllium
H
He
Li
Be
Hydrogen
H
Helium
He
14 terms
Honors Chemistry: Quiz A7
Ion
Monatomic Ion
Polyatomic Ion
Group 1
A charged particle due to the loss or gain of electrons.
An ion composed of one atom. Ex) Chloride= Cl1-
An ion composed of more than one atom. Ex) Hydroxide= OH1-
...
Ion
A charged particle due to the loss or gain of electrons.
Monatomic Ion
An ion composed of one atom. Ex) Chloride= Cl1-
42 terms
Honors Chemistry Lab Equipment
Erlenmeyer flasks
beakers
reaction plates
graduated cylinders
contain liquids
contain liquids
contain small amounts of liquids and solids
measure liquid volume
Erlenmeyer flasks
contain liquids
beakers
contain liquids
104 terms
Honors Chemistry Semester A Exam Review
1,000
1,000.0
0.001
0.0010
1 x 10³
1.0 x 10³
1 x 10⁻³
1.0 x 10⁻³
1,000
1 x 10³
1,000.0
1.0 x 10³
339 terms
Honors Chemistry Midterm Quizlet
Matter
Chemistry
Areas of chemistry:
inorganic chemistry
anything that has mass and occupies space
study of the composition of matter and the changes that matte…
inorganic... organic... biochemistry... analytical... physical ... pure... appl…
study of chemicals that do NOT contain carbon
Matter
anything that has mass and occupies space
Chemistry
study of the composition of matter and the changes that matte…
Honors Chemistry Chapter 3 Vocabulary
Law of Conservation of Mass
Law of Definite Proportions
Law of Multiple Proportions
Atom
The law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
The law that states that a chemical compound always contains…
The law that states that when two elements combine to form tw…
The smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
Law of Conservation of Mass
The law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
Law of Definite Proportions
The law that states that a chemical compound always contains…
30 terms
Honors Chemistry - Chemistry Is a Gas Set
(Lab) Fun with Fizz Keeper
(Lab) Antigravity
(Lab) Large Beaker, Smaller Beaker
(Lab) Expanding Marshmallow
When we put the fizz keeper on, the syringe moved up from the…
If you tip a beaker with an index card over, the water doesn'…
Inverting a beaker into another keeps the paper towel dry
Marshmallow gets smaller as you push it up. As you push it up…
(Lab) Fun with Fizz Keeper
When we put the fizz keeper on, the syringe moved up from the…
(Lab) Antigravity
If you tip a beaker with an index card over, the water doesn'…
CSA A Study Guide - Honors Chemistry 10
Inside
Inside
Outside
1 amu
Protons are located ________ the nucleus.
Neutrons are located ________ the nucleus.
Electrons are located ________ the nucleus.
The mass of a proton is ________.
Inside
Protons are located ________ the nucleus.
Inside
Neutrons are located ________ the nucleus.
Honors Chemistry Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Scientific Method
System
Hypothesis
Model
a series of steps followed to solve problems, including colle…
A set of particles or interacting components considered to be…
An explanation that is based on prior scientific research or…
A pattern, plan, representation, or descriptive designed to s…
Scientific Method
a series of steps followed to solve problems, including colle…
System
A set of particles or interacting components considered to be…
81 terms
Semester A exam review- Honors chemistry
Direct relation (on a graph)
Inverse relationship (on a graph)
Accurate
Precise
As one unit increases, so does the other ( as volume increase…
As one unit increases, the other unit decreases or vice versa…
How close a measurement is to the actual value
How close measurements are together
Direct relation (on a graph)
As one unit increases, so does the other ( as volume increase…
Inverse relationship (on a graph)
As one unit increases, the other unit decreases or vice versa…
32 terms
Honors Biology Chemistry: A Brief Review
atoms
nucleus
proton
neutron
The basic building blocks of the universe
The mass of subatomic particles in the center of an atom is c…
The subatomic particle that has a positive charge and is in t…
The subatomic particle with no charge, located in the nucleus
atoms
The basic building blocks of the universe
nucleus
The mass of subatomic particles in the center of an atom is c…
28 terms
Honors Chemistry
Valence Electrons
Oxidation numbers
Cations
Anions
e- located on the outer most energy lvl
Charge of an atom will obtain in a chemical change
lose e-
gain e-
Valence Electrons
e- located on the outer most energy lvl
Oxidation numbers
Charge of an atom will obtain in a chemical change
76 terms
Honors Chemistry
matter
element
compounds
What is O2?
particles that make up the universe atomic fundamental unbrea…
substance consisting of atoms which all have the same number…
combine 2 or more different elements (H2O, Co2, NaHCO3)
a molecule not a compound
matter
particles that make up the universe atomic fundamental unbrea…
element
substance consisting of atoms which all have the same number…
55 terms
Chemistry Honors Study Guide Part A Elements
Al
Co
Ni
C
Aluminum
Cobalt
Nickel
Carbon
Al
Aluminum
Co
Cobalt
28 terms
Honors Chemistry
Valence Electrons
Oxidation numbers
Cations
Anions
e- located on the outer most energy lvl
Charge of an atom will obtain in a chemical change
lose e-
gain e-
Valence Electrons
e- located on the outer most energy lvl
Oxidation numbers
Charge of an atom will obtain in a chemical change
19 terms
Honors Chemistry
2 parts of a balanced equation
Law of conservation of matter
Types of reaction
1 mole is equal to
reactants, products
the mass of the system must remain constant over time, as sys…
Synthesis-Combination... Single Displacement... Double Displacement…
6.022 x 10^23
2 parts of a balanced equation
reactants, products
Law of conservation of matter
the mass of the system must remain constant over time, as sys…
Honors Chemistry A Periodic Table Flashcards
hydrogen
helium
lithium
beryllium
H
He
Li
Be
hydrogen
H
helium
He
20 terms
Honors Chemistry: Unit A Part 1 VOCAB
Matter
Mass
Inertia
Gravity
anything that has mass and takes up space
quantity of matter present
tendency of an object in motion to stay in motion or an objec…
mutual attractive force between all things composed of matter
Matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
Mass
quantity of matter present
20 terms
Chemistry 1 Honors A Spacetime Odyssey
What is the name of Neil deGrasse Tyso…
What is responsible for creating wind…
What lies between Mars and Jupiter?
How big is the centuries old hurricane…
The ship of the imagination
The sun
The asteroid Belt
3 times the size of Earth
What is the name of Neil deGrasse Tyso…
The ship of the imagination
What is responsible for creating wind…
The sun
65 terms
Honors Chemistry
4 Elements
Difference: Scientists and Alchemists
Boil
Volta
Earth, Water, Fire, Air
Tell People Ideas: Don't Tell Anyone
...
dissected frog with 2 different metals and frog was in salt w…
4 Elements
Earth, Water, Fire, Air
Difference: Scientists and Alchemists
Tell People Ideas: Don't Tell Anyone
41 terms
Honors Chemistry
Plastic wash bottle
Platform balance
Ring stand
Rubber stoppers
Flexible plastic; squeeze sides to dispense water.
Also known as a triple beam balance
Metal rod fixed upright in a heavy base; has many uses as a s…
Several sizes
Plastic wash bottle
Flexible plastic; squeeze sides to dispense water.
Platform balance
Also known as a triple beam balance
160 terms
Chemistry Honors
Significant Figures
Scientific Notation
Chemistry
English System
-All the digits that can be known precisely in a measurement,…
A method of writing or displaying numbers in terms of a decim…
the study of matter and how it changes
Also referred to as the U.S. Customary system
Significant Figures
-All the digits that can be known precisely in a measurement,…
Scientific Notation
A method of writing or displaying numbers in terms of a decim…
106 terms
Honors Chemistry Exam Review
atomic number
mass number
isotopes
Avogadro's number
The same as the number of protons in the nucleus of an elemen…
The sum of an atom's neutrons and protons
Atoms of an element with different numbers of neutrons
6.022×10²³ particles per one mole
atomic number
The same as the number of protons in the nucleus of an elemen…
mass number
The sum of an atom's neutrons and protons
Honors Chemistry
Soluble
Insoluble
Oxidation-Reduction
Precipitation Reaction (Double Displac…
Completely falls apart
Forms solid
Transfer of electrons; metal and nonmetal
AB + CD -> AD + CB
Soluble
Completely falls apart
Insoluble
Forms solid
39 terms
HONORS CHEMISTRY
Ammonium
Acetate
Hydroxide
Nitrate
NH₄⁺
C₂H₃O₂⁻
OH⁻
NO₃⁻
Ammonium
NH₄⁺
Acetate
C₂H₃O₂⁻
24 terms
Chap 4 Honors Chemistry - Light as a Wave and Particle
Light
Electromagnetic spectrum
wavelength
crest
kind of electromagnetic radiation and part of electromagnetic…
series of waves that travel at 3.0 E8 in a vacuum - placed in…
distance between 2 corresponding points on a wave - measured…
top of wave
Light
kind of electromagnetic radiation and part of electromagnetic…
Electromagnetic spectrum
series of waves that travel at 3.0 E8 in a vacuum - placed in…
Honors Chemistry a (periodic table of elements)
Hydrogen
Lithium
Sodium
Potassium
H
Li
Na
K
Hydrogen
H
Lithium
Li
7 terms
Honors Chemistry A Lesson 1-4 Unit 6
stoichiometry
mole ratio
limiting reagent
excess reagent
...
...
...
...
stoichiometry
...
mole ratio
...
61 terms
Chemistry Honors
solid
liquid
gas
add energy
def. volume and shape, particles vibrate/rotate in place, arr…
def. volume but not shape, particles slip around
not def. volume or shape, particles fly around, loosest attra…
molecules speed up, unorganized
solid
def. volume and shape, particles vibrate/rotate in place, arr…
liquid
def. volume but not shape, particles slip around
18 terms
Honors Chemistry A Lesson 1-3 Unit 2
mass
volume
extensive property
intensive property
...
...
...
...
mass
...
volume
...
Honors Chemistry
macroscopic
microscopic
system
mass
stuff you can directly see
stuff you use diagrams to represent
specific area and the matter contained within it
stays constant if nothing enters or leaves the system
macroscopic
stuff you can directly see
microscopic
stuff you use diagrams to represent
19 terms
Honors Chemistry A Lesson 1-4 Unit 1
technology
scientific method
observation
hypothesis
...
...
...
...
technology
...
scientific method
...
Honors Chemistry Midterm
significant figures (sig figs)
When are zeros significant?
sig figs in multiplication and division
sig figs in addition and subtraction
digits in a measurement that are known with certainty plus th…
-when they are measured... -when they are read off of a scale... -w…
answer has the same number of *sig figs* as the measurement w…
answer has the same number of *decimal places* as the measure…
significant figures (sig figs)
digits in a measurement that are known with certainty plus th…
When are zeros significant?
-when they are measured... -when they are read off of a scale... -w…
15 terms
Chapter 6 Honors Chemistry
Anion
Binary compound
Cation
Chemical formula
any atom or group of atoms with a negative charge
A compound composed of two elements; NaCl and A₂O₃
any atom or group of atoms with a positive charge
shows the number and types of atoms present in the smallest r…
Anion
any atom or group of atoms with a negative charge
Binary compound
A compound composed of two elements; NaCl and A₂O₃
52 terms
Radiating Energy Honors Chemistry
electromagnetic radiation
ray model of light
wave model of light
photon model of light
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
Light travels in straight lines called light rays.
Light is an electromagnetic wave and therefore exhibits wave…
Light consists of photons (quanta of light) that have both wa…
electromagnetic radiation
radiant energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels th…
ray model of light
Light travels in straight lines called light rays.
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