How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "honors chemistry chapter 13"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "honors chemistry chapter 13"

20 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 13
Covalent Bond
Molecule
Diatomic Molecule
Diatomic Elements
atoms held together by sharing electrons
electrically neutral group of atoms held together by covalent…
molecule consisting of two covalently bound atoms
seven elements that exist in nature only as diatomic molecule…
Covalent Bond
atoms held together by sharing electrons
Molecule
electrically neutral group of atoms held together by covalent…
14 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 13 Terms
barometer
millimeters of mercury (mm Hg)
standard atmosphere (atm)
Boyle's Law
a decide that measures atmospheric pressure
a unit of measurement for pressure, also called torr; 760 ___…
a unit of measurement for pressure equal to 760 mm Hg
The volume of a given sample of gas at constant temperature v…
barometer
a decide that measures atmospheric pressure
millimeters of mercury (mm Hg)
a unit of measurement for pressure, also called torr; 760 ___…
37 terms
Chapter 13 Honors Chemistry
3 assumptions of the Kinetic Theory
Kinetic energy
Average Kinetic Energy
Pressure
1. The particles in a gas are considered to be small, hard sp…
Energy an object has because of its motion... •The higher the ki…
Used to discuss the kinetic energy of a collection of particl…
The physical force exerted on or against an object by somethi…
3 assumptions of the Kinetic Theory
1. The particles in a gas are considered to be small, hard sp…
Kinetic energy
Energy an object has because of its motion... •The higher the ki…
55 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 13
Kinetic Theory of Gases
properties of gases resulting from the…
gas pressure
atmospheric prssure
1. Gases are made up of molecules with lots of empty spaces i…
1) expansion - no attractive or repulsive forces (3, 4)... 2) fl…
- the result of simultaneous collisions of billions of rapidl…
- results from the collisions of atoms and molecules in air w…
Kinetic Theory of Gases
1. Gases are made up of molecules with lots of empty spaces i…
properties of gases resulting from the…
1) expansion - no attractive or repulsive forces (3, 4)... 2) fl…
44 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 13
dissociation
False
precipitation
net ionic equation
The separation of ions that occurs when an ionic compound dis…
(True/False) Some ionic compounds are totally insoluble.
What occurs when the attraction between the ions is greater t…
A ___________ includes only those compounds and ions that und…
dissociation
The separation of ions that occurs when an ionic compound dis…
False
(True/False) Some ionic compounds are totally insoluble.
Honors Chemistry - Chapter 13 - Solutions
Solution
Solute
Solvent
Concentration
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances uniformly dis…
The substance that is present in the smallest quantity
The substance that is present in the largest quantity
A measure of how much solute is dissolved in a specific amoun…
Solution
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances uniformly dis…
Solute
The substance that is present in the smallest quantity
20 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 13
Henry's law
solute
solvent
solution
the solubility of a gas in a liquid in proportional to the pa…
the component of a solution that is present in the lesser qua…
the component of a solution that is present in the greater qu…
the general term for a solute dissolved in a solvent
Henry's law
the solubility of a gas in a liquid in proportional to the pa…
solute
the component of a solution that is present in the lesser qua…
20 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 13
Henry's law
solute
solvent
solution
the solubility of a gas in a liquid in proportional to the pa…
the component of a solution that is present in the lesser qua…
the component of a solution that is present in the greater qu…
the general term for a solute dissolved in a solvent
Henry's law
the solubility of a gas in a liquid in proportional to the pa…
solute
the component of a solution that is present in the lesser qua…
12 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 13
hydrogen bonding
surface tension
capillarity
Specific heat
the formation of such a connection between the hydrogen atoms…
force needed to overcome interparticle attractions and break…
results from interparticle attractive forces between the mole…
measures the amount of heat, in joule, needed to raise the te…
hydrogen bonding
the formation of such a connection between the hydrogen atoms…
surface tension
force needed to overcome interparticle attractions and break…
9 terms
Chemistry Chapter 13 Vocab Honors
Absolute Zero
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
Combined Gas Law
zero on the kelvin scale which represents the lowest possible…
States that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a con…
States that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly pro…
A single law combing Boyles Charles and Gay- Lussac's laws th…
Absolute Zero
zero on the kelvin scale which represents the lowest possible…
Boyle's Law
States that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a con…
17 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 13
Kinetic energy
Kinetic theory
What are three assumptions of the kine…
Gas pressure
The energy an object has because of its motion
All matter consists of tiny particles that are in constant mo…
-The particles in a gas are considered to be small, hard sphe…
results from the force exerted by a gas per unit surface of a…
Kinetic energy
The energy an object has because of its motion
Kinetic theory
All matter consists of tiny particles that are in constant mo…
26 terms
Chapter13/17 Chemistry Honors
Kinetic Molecular Theory
average kinetic energy
kelvin scale
Hydrogen bonding
the theory that all matter is composed of particles (atoms an…
temperature
A temperature scale that starts at absolute zero and has unit…
strongest, exist in molecules that have a hydrogen atom direc…
Kinetic Molecular Theory
the theory that all matter is composed of particles (atoms an…
average kinetic energy
temperature
30 terms
Chapter 13 Honors Chemistry
Kinetic Molecular Theory
elastic collision
temperature
diffusion
the behavior of gases in terms of particles in motion
no kinetic energy is lost
a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
the movement of one material through another
Kinetic Molecular Theory
the behavior of gases in terms of particles in motion
elastic collision
no kinetic energy is lost
17 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 13
Ionization of water
pH
pOH
reference Ka equation
Kw = [H+]x[OH-] = 1.0 x 10^-14
pH= -log[H+]
pOH= -log[OH-]
HB(aq) <--> H+(aq) + B-(aq)
Ionization of water
Kw = [H+]x[OH-] = 1.0 x 10^-14
pH
pH= -log[H+]
37 terms
Chapter 13 Honors Chemistry
3 assumptions of the Kinetic Theory
Kinetic energy
Average Kinetic Energy
Pressure
1. The particles in a gas are considered to be small, hard sp…
Energy an object has because of its motion... •The higher the ki…
Used to discuss the kinetic energy of a collection of particl…
The physical force exerted on or against an object by somethi…
3 assumptions of the Kinetic Theory
1. The particles in a gas are considered to be small, hard sp…
Kinetic energy
Energy an object has because of its motion... •The higher the ki…
10 terms
Honors chemistry chapter 13
Melting point
Unit cell
Allotropes
Crystal
The temperature at which it changes state from solid to liqui…
the most basic and least volume consuming repeating structure…
each of two or more different physical forms in which an elem…
a solid composed of atoms, ions, or molecules arranged in a p…
Melting point
The temperature at which it changes state from solid to liqui…
Unit cell
the most basic and least volume consuming repeating structure…
19 terms
Chapter 13 Honors Chemistry
Pressure equivalence statement
Gas behavior variables
Boyle
Boyle's law equation
1.000atm=760.0mmHg=29.92Hg=760.0torr=101,325Pa=101.325kPa=14.…
Pressure, temperature, volume, and moles
Determined that the volume of a sample of gas at a given temp…
Vi x Pi=Vf x Pf
Pressure equivalence statement
1.000atm=760.0mmHg=29.92Hg=760.0torr=101,325Pa=101.325kPa=14.…
Gas behavior variables
Pressure, temperature, volume, and moles
10 terms
Chapter 13- Vocabulary- Honors Chemistry
Boyle's Law
absolute zero
Charles's Law
Gay-Lussac's law
law that states the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a…
zero on the kelvin scale, represents the lowest possible theo…
law that states the volume of a given amount of gas is direct…
law that states that the pressure of a fixed amount of gas va…
Boyle's Law
law that states the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a…
absolute zero
zero on the kelvin scale, represents the lowest possible theo…
14 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 13
barrometer
torr
pascal
absolute zero
instrument for measuring atmospheric pressure
S.I. unit of pressure = 133.32 pascals
S.I. unit of pressure = 1 newton / meter ^2
lowest temp. theoretically possible, at which no more energy…
barrometer
instrument for measuring atmospheric pressure
torr
S.I. unit of pressure = 133.32 pascals
14 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 13
boiling point
pascal
kinetic energy
standard atmosphere
the temperature where a liquid boils at a pressure of 101.3 kPa
the SI unit of pressure
energy an object has because of its motion
unit of pressure; 760 mm Hg
boiling point
the temperature where a liquid boils at a pressure of 101.3 kPa
pascal
the SI unit of pressure
19 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 13: Solutions
Solution
Suspention
Solvent
Solute
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances uniformly dis…
A mixture in which particles of a material are more or less e…
In a solution, the substance in which the solute is evenly di…
In a solution, the substance in which the solvent is dissolved
Solution
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances uniformly dis…
Suspention
A mixture in which particles of a material are more or less e…
22 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 13 Vocabulary
Allotrope
amorphous solid
atmospheric pressure
barometer
One of two or more different molecular forms of an element in…
lacks an ordered internal structure
the pressure exerted by atoms and molecules in the atmosphere…
an instrument that measures atmospheric pressure
Allotrope
One of two or more different molecular forms of an element in…
amorphous solid
lacks an ordered internal structure
47 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 13
Ionic compounds ______ when they disso…
Why do ionic compounds dissociate in w…
What is it called when ions form from…
Do all molecular compounds ionize when…
dissociate
the polar water molecules pull the ions apart
ionization
no
Ionic compounds ______ when they disso…
dissociate
Why do ionic compounds dissociate in w…
the polar water molecules pull the ions apart
28 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 13 (Gases)
Expandable; Compressible; Indefinite S…
Cool
Hot
Atmospheric Pressure
What are the 4 properties of gases?... (Each answer separated by…
A _____ gas has fewer and less energetic collisions
A _____ gas has more and more energetic collisions
Results from the mass of air being pulled towards earth by gr…
Expandable; Compressible; Indefinite S…
What are the 4 properties of gases?... (Each answer separated by…
Cool
A _____ gas has fewer and less energetic collisions
19 terms
Chapter 13 Vocab Honors Chemistry
Viscosity
Surface Tension
Pressure
Temperature
A measure of the resistance of a liquid to flow
The energy required to increase the surface area of a liquid…
Force per unit area
Measure of average kinetic energy of the particles in a sampl…
Viscosity
A measure of the resistance of a liquid to flow
Surface Tension
The energy required to increase the surface area of a liquid…
21 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 13 Vocab
Normal Boiling Point
Heating/Cooling Curve
Normal Freezing Point
Intramolecular Forces
The boiling point of a liquid at a pressure of 101.3 kPa or 1…
Left to right means added energy: heat... Right to left means re…
1 atm pressure, water freezes at 0 degrees Celsius
Bonding forces that hold the atoms of a molecule together
Normal Boiling Point
The boiling point of a liquid at a pressure of 101.3 kPa or 1…
Heating/Cooling Curve
Left to right means added energy: heat... Right to left means re…
30 terms
Chapter 13 Chemistry Honors Vocabulary
Kinetic-Molecular Theory
Elastic Collision
Temperature
Diffusion
Explains the properties of gases in terms of the energy, size…
Describes a collision in which kinetic energy may be transfer…
A measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
The movement of one material through another from an area of…
Kinetic-Molecular Theory
Explains the properties of gases in terms of the energy, size…
Elastic Collision
Describes a collision in which kinetic energy may be transfer…
30 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 13 Vocab
Kinetic-Molecular Theory
Elastic Collision
Temperature
Diffusion
The model describing the behavior of gases in terms of partic…
Collisions between gas particles in which no kinetic energy i…
A measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a…
The movement of one material through another
Kinetic-Molecular Theory
The model describing the behavior of gases in terms of partic…
Elastic Collision
Collisions between gas particles in which no kinetic energy i…
9 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chemistry: Matter and Change, Chapter 13
absolute zero
Boyle's law
Charles's law
combined gas law
zero on the Kelvin scale, representing the lowest possible th…
states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a con…
states that the volume of a given mass of gas is directly pro…
a single law combining Boyle's, Charles's, and Gay-Lussac's l…
absolute zero
zero on the Kelvin scale, representing the lowest possible th…
Boyle's law
states that the volume of a fixed amount of gas held at a con…
21 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 13 Vocab
Normal Boiling Point
Heating/Cooling Curve
Normal Freezing Point
Intramolecular Forces
The boiling point of a liquid at a pressure of 101.3 kPa or 1…
Left to right means added energy: heat... Right to left means re…
1 atm pressure, water freezes at 0 degrees Celsius
Bonding forces that hold the atoms of a molecule together
Normal Boiling Point
The boiling point of a liquid at a pressure of 101.3 kPa or 1…
Heating/Cooling Curve
Left to right means added energy: heat... Right to left means re…
21 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 13 Vocab
Normal Boiling Point
Heating/Cooling Curve
Normal Freezing Point
Intramolecular Forces
The boiling point of a liquid at a pressure of 101.3 kPa or 1…
Left to right means added energy: heat... Right to left means re…
1 atm pressure, water freezes at 0 degrees Celsius
Bonding forces that hold the atoms of a molecule together
Normal Boiling Point
The boiling point of a liquid at a pressure of 101.3 kPa or 1…
Heating/Cooling Curve
Left to right means added energy: heat... Right to left means re…
14 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 13 Vocabulary
diffusion
elastic
kinetic molecular theory
atmospheric pressure
movement of one substance through another
ability of a substance or object to readily spring back to it…
model that explains the properties of gases based on the subm…
pressure exerted by the weight of air in the atmosphere
diffusion
movement of one substance through another
elastic
ability of a substance or object to readily spring back to it…
Honors Chemistry Chapter 13 Vocab
Normal Boiling Point
Heating/Cooling Curve
Normal Freezing Point
Intramolecular Forces
The boiling point of a liquid at a pressure of 101.3 kPa or 1…
Left to right means added energy: heat... Right to left means re…
1 atm pressure, water freezes at 0 degrees Celsius
Bonding forces that hold the atoms of a molecule together
Normal Boiling Point
The boiling point of a liquid at a pressure of 101.3 kPa or 1…
Heating/Cooling Curve
Left to right means added energy: heat... Right to left means re…
21 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 13 Vocab
Normal Boiling Point
Heating/Cooling Curve
Normal Freezing Point
Intramolecular Forces
The boiling point of a liquid at a pressure of 101.3 kPa or 1…
Left to right means added energy: heat... Right to left means re…
1 atm pressure, water freezes at 0 degrees Celsius
Bonding forces that hold the atoms of a molecule together
Normal Boiling Point
The boiling point of a liquid at a pressure of 101.3 kPa or 1…
Heating/Cooling Curve
Left to right means added energy: heat... Right to left means re…
29 terms
Honors Chemistry- Chapter 13 Vocab
kinetic molecular theory
barometer
torr
STP
a theory of gases postulating that they consist of particles…
an instrument measuring atmospheric pressure, used especially…
a unit of pressure used in measuring partial vacuums
standard temperature and pressure. 760 mmHg-273K-1 atm-Zero d…
kinetic molecular theory
a theory of gases postulating that they consist of particles…
barometer
an instrument measuring atmospheric pressure, used especially…
21 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 13 Vocab
amplitude
atomic emission spectrum
atomic orbital
Aufbau principle
the height of the wave from the origin to the crest
the pattern of frequencies obtained by passing light emitted…
a region in space around the nucleus of an atom where there i…
electrons eneter orbitals of lowest energy first
amplitude
the height of the wave from the origin to the crest
atomic emission spectrum
the pattern of frequencies obtained by passing light emitted…
21 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 13 Vocab
Normal Boiling Point
Heating/Cooling Curve
Normal Freezing Point
Intramolecular Forces
The boiling point of a liquid at a pressure of 101.3 kPa or 1…
Left to right means added energy: heat... Right to left means re…
1 atm pressure, water freezes at 0 degrees Celsius
Bonding forces that hold the atoms of a molecule together
Normal Boiling Point
The boiling point of a liquid at a pressure of 101.3 kPa or 1…
Heating/Cooling Curve
Left to right means added energy: heat... Right to left means re…
86 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 13: The States of Matter
Gases expand to ____ fill the containe…
Gases have a low mass so they also hav…
Are gases compressible?
Do gases exert pressure?
Gases expand to *completely* fill the container and take its…
density
Yes
Yes
Gases expand to ____ fill the containe…
Gases expand to *completely* fill the container and take its…
Gases have a low mass so they also hav…
density
Chemistry Honors chapter 13 Gases
According to the theory of Molecular M…
Pressure
Properties true of all gases
Air pressure
- have mass... - are in constant motion... - have no attraction or…
Defined as a force (in this case a push) exerted on an area o…
- they have mass... - they are easily compressed... - they fill con…
Is due to air bumping into itself and other objects and due t…
According to the theory of Molecular M…
- have mass... - are in constant motion... - have no attraction or…
Pressure
Defined as a force (in this case a push) exerted on an area o…
40 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 13/14
Dissociation
Net ionic equation
Spectator ions
Ionization
The seperation of ions that occurs when an ionic compound dis…
Includes only those compounds and ions that undergo a chemica…
Ions that do not take part in a chemical reaction and are fou…
Ions are formed from solute molecules by the action of the so…
Dissociation
The seperation of ions that occurs when an ionic compound dis…
Net ionic equation
Includes only those compounds and ions that undergo a chemica…
32 terms
Chemistry Chapter 13 Terms Shearer Honors**
dissociation
precipitation reactions
net ionic equations
spectator ions
when an ionic compound breaks into its ions
reactions where solids are formed (assume reactants are solub…
includes only those ions that undergo a chemical reaction in…
ions that are exactly the same on both sides of the equation
dissociation
when an ionic compound breaks into its ions
precipitation reactions
reactions where solids are formed (assume reactants are solub…
21 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 13 Vocab
Normal Boiling Point
Heating/Cooling Curve
Normal Freezing Point
Intramolecular Forces
The boiling point of a liquid at a pressure of 101.3 kPa or 1…
Left to right means added energy: heat... Right to left means re…
1 atm pressure, water freezes at 0 degrees Celsius
Bonding forces that hold the atoms of a molecule together
Normal Boiling Point
The boiling point of a liquid at a pressure of 101.3 kPa or 1…
Heating/Cooling Curve
Left to right means added energy: heat... Right to left means re…
21 terms
Honors Chemistry I Chapter 13 Vocabulary
Molar Heat of Fusion
Molar Heat of Vaporization
Heating/Cooling Curve
Intermolecular Force
energy required to melt/freezing one mole of a substance.
energy required to vaporize/condense one mole of a substance
The process of melting, boiling, and vaporizing a substance o…
Forces that hold molecules together
Molar Heat of Fusion
energy required to melt/freezing one mole of a substance.
Molar Heat of Vaporization
energy required to vaporize/condense one mole of a substance
Honors Chemistry Chapter 13 and 14 Test
Charles' Law
Boyle's Law
Gay-Lussac's Law
Combined Gas Law
The volume of a fixed mass of gas is directly proportional to…
For a given mass of gas at constant temperature, the volume o…
The pressure of a gas is directly proportional to the Kelvin…
The law that describes the relationship among the pressure, t…
Charles' Law
The volume of a fixed mass of gas is directly proportional to…
Boyle's Law
For a given mass of gas at constant temperature, the volume o…
16 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 13: Ions in Aqueous Solutions and Colligative Properties
Dissociation
Net Ionic Equation
Spectator Ions
Ionization
The separation of ions that occurs when an ionic compound dis…
Includes only those compounds and ions that undergo a chemica…
Ions that do not take part in a chemical reaction and are fou…
Ions are formed from solute molecules by the action of the so…
Dissociation
The separation of ions that occurs when an ionic compound dis…
Net Ionic Equation
Includes only those compounds and ions that undergo a chemica…
53 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 13 and 14
What does the ideal gas law assume?
Name the ways and conversions between…
Boyle's Law
Charles's Law
It assumes that particles have negligible volume, collisions…
(Assuming all at STP)... 760 mmHg... 1 atm... 760 torr... 101.325 kPa
Volume of a given gas is inversely proportional to pressure a…
Volume of a gas is directly proportional to its temperature K…
What does the ideal gas law assume?
It assumes that particles have negligible volume, collisions…
Name the ways and conversions between…
(Assuming all at STP)... 760 mmHg... 1 atm... 760 torr... 101.325 kPa
22 terms
Honors chemistry chapter 13 vocab
Solution
Suspension
Solvent
Solute
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances uniformly dis…
A mixture in which particles of a material are more or less e…
In a solution, the substance in which the solute is dissolved
In a solution, the substance that is dissolved in the solvent
Solution
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances uniformly dis…
Suspension
A mixture in which particles of a material are more or less e…
14 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 13/14
In what phase of water is the average…
What happens to the movement of partic…
How is temperature and kinetic energy…
What are three values of atmospheric p…
Steam
Atoms would completely stop moving
The higher the temp the higher the kinetic energy
1 atm = 760 mmHg = 101.3 kPa
In what phase of water is the average…
Steam
What happens to the movement of partic…
Atoms would completely stop moving
28 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 13/ 14
What are the three assumptions of the…
How does kinetic theory explain gas pr…
What is the relationship between the t…
kinetic energy
The particles in a gas are considered to be small, hard spher…
Gas pressure is the result of billions of rapidly moving part…
The Kelvin temperature of a substance is directly proportiona…
the energy an object has because of its motion
What are the three assumptions of the…
The particles in a gas are considered to be small, hard spher…
How does kinetic theory explain gas pr…
Gas pressure is the result of billions of rapidly moving part…
48 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 13 Questions
What state of matter is tap water?... a)…
What state of matter is steam?... a) soli…
What state of matter is ice?... a) solid…
A substance may change from one state…
b
c
a
temperature
What state of matter is tap water?... a)…
b
What state of matter is steam?... a) soli…
c
1 of 10