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Study sets matching "honors chemistry chapter 18"

Honors Chemistry Chapter 18 Vocab
Activated complex
Activation energy
Chemical equilibrium
Collision theory
Short-lived species with highest energy
The minimum energy colliding particles must have in order to…
The state in which both reactants and products are present in…
Indicates that a reaction takes place only when molecules col…
Activated complex
Short-lived species with highest energy
Activation energy
The minimum energy colliding particles must have in order to…
23 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 18
radioactivity
alpha particle (α)
beta particle (β-)
gamma ray (γ)
the emission of particles or energy from an unstable nucleus
nuclear radiation identical to a helium-4 nucleus
nuclear radiation identical to an electron
nuclear radiation that has neither mass nor charge
radioactivity
the emission of particles or energy from an unstable nucleus
alpha particle (α)
nuclear radiation identical to a helium-4 nucleus
23 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 18
radioactivity
alpha particle (α)
beta particle (β-)
gamma ray (γ)
the emission of particles or energy from an unstable nucleus
nuclear radiation identical to a helium-4 nucleus
nuclear radiation identical to an electron
nuclear radiation that has neither mass nor charge
radioactivity
the emission of particles or energy from an unstable nucleus
alpha particle (α)
nuclear radiation identical to a helium-4 nucleus
26 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 18 Vocab
Activated complex
Activation energy
Chemical equilibrium
Collision theory
Short-lived species with highest energy
The minimum energy colliding particles must have in order to…
The state in which both reactants and products are present in…
Indicates that a reaction takes place only when molecules col…
Activated complex
Short-lived species with highest energy
Activation energy
The minimum energy colliding particles must have in order to…
66 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 18
Molarity (M)
molality (m)
A component of all phase changes is
The amount of energy needed to raise o…
moles of solute / liter of solution
moles of solute / Kg of solvent
heat
specific heat
Molarity (M)
moles of solute / liter of solution
molality (m)
moles of solute / Kg of solvent
36 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 18
rate of reaction
Collision theory
the right orientation and enough kinet…
activation energy
The change in the amount of reactants or products over time
how the reactants become products
In collision theory what must the particles be like for them…
the amount of energy required to break the bonds and to form…
rate of reaction
The change in the amount of reactants or products over time
Collision theory
how the reactants become products
21 terms
Chapter 18 Honors Chemistry
Wilhelm Roentgen
radioactivity
Marie Curie
Rutherford
-discovered radioactivity by using a vacuum tube which caused…
spontaneous emission of particles and/or rays from the nucleu…
laid the groundwork for radioactivity and discovered 2 elemen…
-discovered 2 of the 3 types of radiation ... -particles Alpha a…
Wilhelm Roentgen
-discovered radioactivity by using a vacuum tube which caused…
radioactivity
spontaneous emission of particles and/or rays from the nucleu…
26 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 18
activated complex
activation energy
chemical equilibrium
collision theory
an unstable arrangement of atoms that exists momentarily at t…
the minimum amount of energy required to start a chemical rea…
a state of balance in which the rate of a forward reaction eq…
atoms, ions, and molecules can react to form products when th…
activated complex
an unstable arrangement of atoms that exists momentarily at t…
activation energy
the minimum amount of energy required to start a chemical rea…
29 terms
Chapter 18 Honors Chemistry
What is rate?
In chemistry, the rate of reaction is…
What does collision theory state?
What is the activation energy?
the measure of how much something changes in a given amount o…
the change in reactant or product over a certain period of time
when atoms, ions, or molecules collide with enough kinetic fo…
the minimum energy that colliding particles must have in orde…
What is rate?
the measure of how much something changes in a given amount o…
In chemistry, the rate of reaction is…
the change in reactant or product over a certain period of time
41 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 18
boiling-point elevation
colligative property
concentrated solution
concentration
the difference in temperature between boiling point of a solu…
a property of a solution that depends on the number of the so…
a solution containing a large amount of solute
a measurement of the amount of solute that is dissolved in a…
boiling-point elevation
the difference in temperature between boiling point of a solu…
colligative property
a property of a solution that depends on the number of the so…
25 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 18
What is being dissolved in a solution
What is doing the dissolving in a solu…
What factors affect solubility?
At constant temperature, the pressure…
solute
solvent
temperature, agitation, surface area, and nature of the solvent
Henry's Law
What is being dissolved in a solution
solute
What is doing the dissolving in a solu…
solvent
27 terms
Honors Chemistry- Chapter 18 Study Guide
Isotope
Nuclide
Natural Radioactivity
Alpha Particle(s)
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
The nucleus of a specific atom
The naturally occurring isotopes that spontaneously emit alph…
The particle are identical to helium nuclei and are symbolize…
Isotope
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neut…
Nuclide
The nucleus of a specific atom
12 terms
Chemistry Honors: Chapter 18 Vocab
nucleon
nuclide
strong force
mass defect
a proton or a neutron
an atom that is identified by the number of protons and neutr…
the interaction that binds nucleons together in a nucleus
the difference between the mass of an atom and the sum of the…
nucleon
a proton or a neutron
nuclide
an atom that is identified by the number of protons and neutr…
12 terms
Chemistry Honors: Chapter 18 Vocab
nucleon
nuclide
strong force
mass defect
a proton or a neutron
an atom that is identified by the number of protons and neutr…
the interaction that binds nucleons together in a nucleus
the difference between the mass of an atom and the sum of the…
nucleon
a proton or a neutron
nuclide
an atom that is identified by the number of protons and neutr…
28 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chemistry: Matter and Change, Chapter 18
acidic solution
amphoteric
Arrhenius model
basic solution
contains more hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions
describes water and other substances that can act as both aci…
a model of acids and bases; states that an acid is a substanc…
contains more hydroxide ions than hydrogen ions
acidic solution
contains more hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions
amphoteric
describes water and other substances that can act as both aci…
30 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 18 - Part 1
kinetics
reaction rate
reaction mechanism
thermodynamics
- the study of how reactions happen and how fast
- the speed with which a reaction takes place... - rate = Δ[R]/T…
- the steps in a reaction
- the study of energy change in chemical reactions
kinetics
- the study of how reactions happen and how fast
reaction rate
- the speed with which a reaction takes place... - rate = Δ[R]/T…
12 terms
Chemistry Honors Chapter 18 Vocabulary (Gases)
Point Mass
Ideal Gas
Standard Atmospheric Pressure
Standard Temperature
Something with no volume or diameter (ex. ideal gas particles)
A gas composed of molecules with no volume and no attraction…
101.325 kPa
0 degrees C; 273 K
Point Mass
Something with no volume or diameter (ex. ideal gas particles)
Ideal Gas
A gas composed of molecules with no volume and no attraction…
27 terms
Chemistry Honors/IB Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Saturated solution
Solubility
Unsaturated
Miscible
Contains the maximum amount of solute for a given amount of s…
The amount that dissolves in a given quantity of a solvent at…
A solution that contains less solute than a saturated solution
Two liquids that dissolve in each other
Saturated solution
Contains the maximum amount of solute for a given amount of s…
Solubility
The amount that dissolves in a given quantity of a solvent at…
84 terms
Honors Bio Chapter 18
Sac-plan
Tube-within-a-tube
Asymmetrical
radial symmetry
Incomplete digestive system, one opening, example cnidarians
a digestive system in which there is a mouth and an anus with…
no symmetry
circular symmetry
Sac-plan
Incomplete digestive system, one opening, example cnidarians
Tube-within-a-tube
a digestive system in which there is a mouth and an anus with…
Honors Chemistry Chapter 18: Reaction Rates and Equilibrium
Rate
Collision theory
Activation energy
Activated complex
Describes the speed of change over an interval of time
Atoms, ions, and molecules can react to form products when th…
The minimum energy colliding particles must have in order to…
An unstable arrangement of atoms that exists momentarily at t…
Rate
Describes the speed of change over an interval of time
Collision theory
Atoms, ions, and molecules can react to form products when th…
38 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 18 (Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry)
Redox Reaction
Oxidation
Reduction
Oxidizing Agent
A chemical reaction involving the transfer of electrons
A loss of electrons; an increase in oxidation state
A gain of electrons; a decrease in oxidation state
The substance that is gaining electrons, or being reduced
Redox Reaction
A chemical reaction involving the transfer of electrons
Oxidation
A loss of electrons; an increase in oxidation state
12 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 18 Vocabulary:Solutions
Boiling-Point Elevation
Colligative Property
Concentrated Solution
Concentration
The difference in temperature between the boiling point of a…
A property of a solution that depends only on the number of t…
A solution containing a large amount of solute.
A measurement of the amount of solute that is dissolved in a…
Boiling-Point Elevation
The difference in temperature between the boiling point of a…
Colligative Property
A property of a solution that depends only on the number of t…
10 terms
Mrs. Stitts Chemistry Honors Chapter 18 Vocab
reversible reaction
common ion
homogeneous equilibrium
chemical equilibrium
a reaction in which the conversion of reactants into products…
an ion that is common to two or more ionic compounds in solut…
an equilibrium reaction in which all species are in the same…
a chemical reaction and its reverse proceed at equal rates
reversible reaction
a reaction in which the conversion of reactants into products…
common ion
an ion that is common to two or more ionic compounds in solut…
57 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 18: Acids and Bases
Acid or Base?... Sour Taste
Acid or Base?... Change color of vegetabl…
Acid or Base?... React with active metals…
Acid or Base?... Corrosive
Acid
Both, but they change the dye different colors.
Acid
Acid
Acid or Base?... Sour Taste
Acid
Acid or Base?... Change color of vegetabl…
Both, but they change the dye different colors.
21 terms
Honors Chem Chapter 18
rate
collision theory
activation energy
activated complex
measure of how much something changes within a specified amou…
atoms, ions and molecules react to form products if the parti…
minimum energy that colliding particles must have in order to…
when two reactant particles collide
rate
measure of how much something changes within a specified amou…
collision theory
atoms, ions and molecules react to form products if the parti…
27 terms
Chapter 18 Honors Chem
colligative properties
Henry's Law
boiling-point elevation
supersaturated solution
those properties of solutions that depend on the number of pa…
At a given temperature, the solubility of a gas in a liquid i…
the difference in temperature between the boiling points of a…
a solution that contains more solute than it can theoreticall…
colligative properties
those properties of solutions that depend on the number of pa…
Henry's Law
At a given temperature, the solubility of a gas in a liquid i…
20 terms
honors chemistry test chapter 18
what are reversible reactions?
what is a chemical equilibrium?
what is LeChatelier's principle?
what is the equilibrium constant?
a chemical reaction in which the products can react to reform…
when the rate of the forward reaction equals the rate of the…
when a system of equilibrium is placed under stress, the syst…
the ratio of the concentration of the products to the concent…
what are reversible reactions?
a chemical reaction in which the products can react to reform…
what is a chemical equilibrium?
when the rate of the forward reaction equals the rate of the…
20 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 18
thermacidophiles
halophiles
methanogens
capsule
live in hot springs, around volcanoes, thermal vents of ocean…
live in very salty environments
live in environments with no oxygen, give off methane gas
layer of polysaccharide around the cell wall of a bacteria
thermacidophiles
live in hot springs, around volcanoes, thermal vents of ocean…
halophiles
live in very salty environments
180 terms
Biology Honors Chapter 18
Sperm
Haploid
22
Testosterone
Male gamete
Half the number of chromosomes
Have __ autosomes & one sex chromosomes
The male sex hormone; stimulates the reproductive... organs to d…
Sperm
Male gamete
Haploid
Half the number of chromosomes
18 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 18
Binomial Nomenclature
Genus
Systematics
Taxon
Classification in which each species is assigned a two-part s…
Group of closely related species; the first part of the scien…
Study of the diversity of life and the evolutionary relations…
Group or level of organization into which organisms are class…
Binomial Nomenclature
Classification in which each species is assigned a two-part s…
Genus
Group of closely related species; the first part of the scien…
10 terms
Honors 10 Chapter 18 Vocabulary
composure
elusive
aberration
congenital
noun - cool-headedness; calmness
adj. - difficult to capture
noun - something abnormal or different
adj. - inborn; existing at birth
composure
noun - cool-headedness; calmness
elusive
adj. - difficult to capture
12 terms
Honors Algebra II 8th Hour Chapter 18 Review
60° in radians
5π / 3 in degrees
Nearest two positive coterminal angles…
Nearest two negative coterminal angles…
π / 3
300°
444°, 804°
-276°, -636°
60° in radians
π / 3
5π / 3 in degrees
300°
34 terms
Nuclear Chemistry (Chapter 18).
Alpha radiation
Alpha particles
Characteristics of alpha particles.
Beta radiation
When positively charged alpha particles are attracted to the…
The nucleus of He-4 ejected at high speeds from the nucleus.
They are positively charged, they have limited penetrating po…
Negatively charged particles.
Alpha radiation
When positively charged alpha particles are attracted to the…
Alpha particles
The nucleus of He-4 ejected at high speeds from the nucleus.
18 terms
Chapter 18 honors chem vocab
boiling-point elevation
colligative property
concentrated solution
concentration
the difference in temperature between the boiling point of a…
a property of a solution that depends only on the number of t…
a solution containing a large amount of solute
a measurement of the amount of solute that is dissolved in a…
boiling-point elevation
the difference in temperature between the boiling point of a…
colligative property
a property of a solution that depends only on the number of t…
26 terms
Holt Chemistry NY: Chapter 18 - Nuclear Chemistry
nucleons
nuclide
strong force
mass defect
a proton or a neutron. The subatomic particles that are in th…
an atom that is identified by the number of protons and neutr…
the interaction that binds nucleons together in a nucleus. It…
the difference between the mass of an atom and the sum of the…
nucleons
a proton or a neutron. The subatomic particles that are in th…
nuclide
an atom that is identified by the number of protons and neutr…
23 terms
Honors Chem Chapter 18
Acid
Bases
hydrogen and hydroxide
acid
tastes sour
tastes bitter and feels slippery
all water solutions contain these two types of ions
contains more hydrogen than hydroxide
Acid
tastes sour
Bases
tastes bitter and feels slippery
44 terms
Honors Bio Chapter 18
Platyhelminthes
Flatworms
Planarians
Hermaphroditic
phylum of Flatworms
Bilateral symmetry, have muscles, excretory, reproductiv, and…
free living flatworms (turbellaria), freshwater, feed on smal…
Possessing both the male and the female reproductive organs
Platyhelminthes
phylum of Flatworms
Flatworms
Bilateral symmetry, have muscles, excretory, reproductiv, and…
10 terms
Chemistry Lab Honors - Chapter 18 Study Guide
oxidation
reduction
oxidizing agent
reducing agent
the loss of electrons
the gain of electrons
the substance that is reduced, as it allows oxidation to occu…
the substance that is oxidized because it loses an electron
oxidation
the loss of electrons
reduction
the gain of electrons
10 terms
Honors Chemistry Chapter 18 Test Review
What items did he consider to be stres…
adding more reactant produces more pro…
a reaction in which the conversion of…
If stress is applied to a system in eq…
Concentration... Temperature... Pressure
concentration
reversible reaction
Le Chatelier's principle
What items did he consider to be stres…
Concentration... Temperature... Pressure
adding more reactant produces more pro…
concentration
23 terms
Honors Chemistry Final Review Chapter 18
rate
In chemistry, how is the rate of a che…
collision theory
activated energy
a measure of how much something changes within a specified am…
the change in the amount of reactant or product per unit time
atoms, ions, and molecules can react to form products when th…
the minimum energy that colliding particles must have in rode…
rate
a measure of how much something changes within a specified am…
In chemistry, how is the rate of a che…
the change in the amount of reactant or product per unit time
15 terms
Chapter 18: Chemistry of the Environment
Trophosphere
Stratosphere
Photodissociation
Photoionization
The lowest layer of the atmosphere in which temperature drops…
2nd layer of atmosphere; extends from 10 to 30 miles up; loca…
A bond is broken as a molecule absorbs a photon of light energy
The removal of an electron from an atom or molecule by absorp…
Trophosphere
The lowest layer of the atmosphere in which temperature drops…
Stratosphere
2nd layer of atmosphere; extends from 10 to 30 miles up; loca…
17 terms
Honors Chemistry: Chapter 18 & 19 Quiz
CnH2n+2
CnH2n
CnH2n-2
meth ... eth ... prop ... but... pent... hex ... hept ... o…
Alkane formula
Alkene Formula
Alkyne Formula
prefixes of base chains
CnH2n+2
Alkane formula
CnH2n
Alkene Formula
18 terms
Honors Bio Chapter 18 Review
what do you call the study of living t…
place where an organism lives
weather, soil and sunlight are an exam…
amount of energy captured by consumers
ecology
habitat
abiotic factors
gross primary producer
what do you call the study of living t…
ecology
place where an organism lives
habitat
32 terms
Honors Chemistry Ch 18
Binary Acid
Oxyacid
Acidic solution
Basic solution
An acid containing hydrogen and one other element
An acid containing hydrogen and an oxyanion
A solution that contains more hydronium/hydrogen ions than hy…
A solution that contains more hydroxide ions than hydronium/h…
Binary Acid
An acid containing hydrogen and one other element
Oxyacid
An acid containing hydrogen and an oxyanion
10 terms
Honors Biology Chapter 18
Hyphae
Absorptive Nutrition
Spore
Mycelium
Tiny threads od cytoplasm surrounded by a plasma membrane ams…
Fungus absorbs small organic molecules from its surroundings
Haploid single cells with thick cell walls that function as t…
Hyphae of a single fungus typically branch as they grow formi…
Hyphae
Tiny threads od cytoplasm surrounded by a plasma membrane ams…
Absorptive Nutrition
Fungus absorbs small organic molecules from its surroundings
22 terms
Grier Honors Biology Chapter 18
Ecology
Interdependence
Biosphere
Ecosystem
- scientific study of interactions among organisms and betwee…
- the dependence of every organism on its connections with ot…
- consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in…
- a biological community of interacting organisms and their p…
Ecology
- scientific study of interactions among organisms and betwee…
Interdependence
- the dependence of every organism on its connections with ot…
10 terms
Honors Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Magni- , Magn
Fy
Pro
Phob
Great; large
Cause to be or become; make
Forward; forth
Fear
Magni- , Magn
Great; large
Fy
Cause to be or become; make
Honors Biology Chapter 18
rabbit
eastern box turtle
bald eagle
wildcat
sylvilgus floridanus
terrapene carolina
haliaeetus leucocephalus
lynx rufus
rabbit
sylvilgus floridanus
eastern box turtle
terrapene carolina
Honors History: CHAPTER 18
Stock Market
Bull Market
Margin
Margin Call
a system for buying and selling stocks in corporations
a long period of rising stock prices
buying a stock by paying only a fraction of the stock price a…
demand by a broker that investors pay back loans made for sto…
Stock Market
a system for buying and selling stocks in corporations
Bull Market
a long period of rising stock prices
9 terms
Chemistry Chapter 18
reversible reaction
chemical equilibrium
Le Châtelier's principle
common-ion effect
chemical reaction in which products can react to reform react…
a reversible reaction is _____ when the rate of its forward r…
states that if a system at equilibrium is shifted in the dire…
observed when one ion species of a weak electrolyte is added…
reversible reaction
chemical reaction in which products can react to reform react…
chemical equilibrium
a reversible reaction is _____ when the rate of its forward r…
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